National geographic food hunger in america,best book about apocalypse 894,salary for emergency management coordinator - Review

Osage, IowaPhotographs by Amy ToensingOn our nation’s richest lands, farmers grow corn and soybeans used to feed livestock, make cooking oil, and produce sweeteners.
Bronx, New YorkPhotographs by Stephanie SinclairUrban neighborhoods with pervasive unemployment and poverty are home to the hungriest.
On a gold-gray morning in Mitchell County, Iowa, Christina Dreier sends her son, Keagan, to school without breakfast. On this particular afternoon Dreier is worried about the family van, which is on the brink of repossession. In the United States more than half of hungry households are white, and two-thirds of those with children have at least one working adult—typically in a full-time job. To witness hunger in America today is to enter a twilight zone where refrigerators are so frequently bare of all but mustard and ketchup that it provokes no remark, inspires no embarrassment. More than 48 million Americans rely on what used to be called food stamps, now SNAP: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Though all three adults work full-time, their income is not enough to keep the family consistently fed without assistance. Like most of the new American hungry, the Jeffersons face not a total absence of food but the gnawing fear that the next meal can’t be counted on. Jacqueline Christian is another Houston mother who has a full-time job, drives a comfortable sedan, and wears flattering clothes. On a day that includes running a dozen errands and charming her payday loan officer into giving her an extra day, Christian picks up Ja’Zarrian and her seven-year-old, Jerimiah, after school. Christian pulls into the drive-through and orders a combo of fried gizzards and okra for $8.11. To supplement what they get from the food pantry, the cash-strapped Reams family forages in the woods near their Osage home for puffball mushrooms and grapes. Of course it is possible to eat well cheaply in America, but it takes resources and know-how that many low-income Americans don’t have. But most of the working poor don’t have the time or know-how required to eat well on little.
It’s a cruel irony that people in rural Iowa can be malnourished amid forests of cornstalks running to the horizon. These are the very crops that end up on Christina Dreier’s kitchen table in the form of hot dogs made of corn-raised beef, Mountain Dew sweetened with corn syrup, and chicken nuggets fried in soybean oil. Those priorities are reflected at the grocery store, where the price of fresh food has risen steadily while the cost of sugary treats like soda has dropped. When Christina Dreier’s cupboards start to get bare, she tries to persuade her kids to skip snack time.
Tracie McMillan is the author of The American Way of Eating and a Senior Fellow at the Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism at Brandeis University.
The magazine thanks The Rockefeller Foundation and members of the National Geographic Society for their generous support of this series of articles. We sent three photographers to explore hunger in three very different parts of the United States, each giving different faces to the same statistic: One-sixth of Americans dona€™t have enough food to eat. Yet one in eight Iowans often goes hungry, with children the most vulnerable to food insecurity.
The South Bronx has the highest rate of food insecurity in the country, 37 percent, compared with 16.6 for New York City as a whole. He is three years old, barrel-chested, and stubborn, and usually refuses to eat the free meal he qualifies for at preschool.


Keagan ignores the school breakfast on offer and is so hungry by lunchtime that Dreier picks through the dregs of her freezer in hopes of filling him and his little sister up. She and Jim need to open a new bank account so they can make automatic payments instead of scrambling to pay in cash. The image of hunger in America today differs markedly from Depression-era images of the gaunt-faced unemployed scavenging for food on urban streets. Here dinners are cooked using macaroni-and-cheese mixes and other processed ingredients from food pantries, and fresh fruits and vegetables are eaten only in the first days after the SNAP payment arrives. SNAP recipients typically run through their monthly allotment in three weeks, then turn to food pantries. The town of Spring, Texas, is where ranchland meets Houston’s sprawl, a suburb of curving streets and shade trees and privacy fences. When Meme shows me the family’s food supply, the refrigerator holds takeout boxes and beverages but little fresh food. It takes three declined credit cards and an emergency loan from her mother, who lives nearby, before she can pay for it. Kyera Reams cans homegrown vegetables when they are in season and plentiful, so that her family can eat healthfully all year.
Kyera Reams of Osage, Iowa, puts an incredible amount of energy into feeding her family of six a healthy diet, with the help of staples from food banks and $650 in monthly SNAP benefits. Like the Reamses, they’ve sown patches of vegetables and a stretch of sweet corn in the large green yard carved out of the cornfields behind their house. It’s just those dicey moments, after a new bill arrives or she needs gas to drive the kids to town, that make it hard.
Subsidies reduce crop prices but also support the abundance of processed foods, which are more affordable but less nutritious.
Photographers Kitra Cahana, Stephanie Sinclair, and Amy Toensing are known for their intimate, sensitive portraits of people.
Faced with a dwindling pantry, Dreier has decided to try some tough love: If she sends Keagan to school hungry, maybe hea€™ll eat the free breakfast, which will leave more food at home for lunch.
She shakes the last seven chicken nuggets onto a battered baking sheet, adds the remnants of a bag of Tater Tots and a couple of hot dogs from the fridge, and slides it all into the oven. Congressional cuts to SNAP last fall of five billion dollars pared her benefits from $205 to $172 a month.
The suburbs are the home of the American dream, but they are also a place where poverty is on the rise. Cheap clothes and toys can be found at yard sales and thrift shops, making a middle-class appearance affordable. The Jeffersons receive $125 in food stamps each month, and a charity brings in meals for their bedridden matriarch.
The neon glow of a Hartz Chicken Buffet appears up the road, and he starts in: Can’t we just get some gizzards, please? When the food finally arrives, filling the car with the smell of hot grease, there’s a collective sense of relief.
A stay-at-home mom with a high school education, Reams has taught herself how to can fresh produce and forage for wild ginger and cranberries. She estimates her family could live for three months on the nutritious foods she’s saved up.
Healthful food can be hard to find in so-called food deserts—communities with few or no full-service groceries.


But when the garden is done for the year, Christina fights a battle every time she goes to the supermarket or the food bank.
It’s peak harvest time, and he often works until eight at night, applying pesticides on commercial farms for $14 an hour. Consumer electronics can be bought on installment plans, so the hungry rarely lack phones or televisions. A pair of freezers in the garage each contain a single layer of food, enough to fill bellies for just a few days.
Small markets or fast-food restaurants may be within walking distance, but not all accept vouchers. On the drive back to the shelter the boys eat until the gizzards are gone, and then drift off to sleep. When she learned that SNAP benefits could be used to buy vegetable plants, she dug two gardens in her yard. The Reamses have food security, in other words, because Kyera makes procuring food her full-time job, along with caring for her husband, whose disability payments provide their only income.
Jackie Christian didn’t resort to feeding her sons fried gizzards because it was affordable but because it was easy.
In 2012 it spent roughly $11 billion to subsidize and insure commodity crops like corn and soy, with Iowa among the states receiving the highest subsidies. Today most subsidies go to a few staple crops, produced mainly by large agricultural companies and cooperatives. Here pocketing food from work and skipping meals to make food stretch are so common that such practices barely register as a way of coping with hunger and are simply a way of life. Today hunger in the suburbs is growing faster than in cities, having more than doubled since 2007. Of all the suburbs in the country, northwest Houston is one of the best places to see how people live on what might be called a minimum-wage diet: It has one of the highest percentages of households receiving SNAP assistance where at least one family member holds down a job. Meme says she took the children aside a few months earlier to tell them they were eating too much and wasting food besides. She has learned about wild mushrooms so she can safely pick ones that aren’t poisonous and has lobbied the local library to stock field guides to edible wild plants. Given the dramatic increase in cheap fast foods and processed foods, when the hungry have money to eat, they often go for what’s convenient, just as better-off families do. The government spends much less to bolster the production of the fruits and vegetables its own nutrition guidelines say should make up half the food on our plates.
When the food stamps come in, she splurges on her monthly supply of produce, including a bag of organic grapes and a bag of apples. In 1980 there were a few hundred emergency food programs across the country; today there are 50,000. The Jefferson sisters, Meme and Kai, live here in a four-bedroom, two-car-garage, two-bath home with Kai’s boyfriend, Frank, and an extended family that includes their invalid mother, their five sons, a daughter-in-law, and five grandchildren. The house has a rickety desktop computer in the living room and a television in most rooms, but only two actual beds; nearly everyone sleeps on mattresses or piles of blankets spread out on the floor.



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