National geographic geographic literacy units,tips survival vest pilot,survivor turkiye 2012 26 mayis - Review

There’s simply no way other way to begin this story: The future for Africa’s forest elephant (Loxodonata cyclotis) is exceedingly dire. The battle to protect this “hidden elephant” from unremitting slaughter is being lost to a more aggressive and merciless demand for the animals’ ivory. Still, despite the data and the carnage, Ruggiero—and some other conservationists—believes that there is a way for the trajectory to be slowly reversed.
If you compare the landmasses of Gabon and DRC, the latter should be the forest elephants’ stronghold by a wide margin. Lee White, as the Executive Secretary of the Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux (ANPN), oversees Gabon’s thirteen national parks and two other protected areas. According to White, the battle for the survival of the forest elephant will be won or lost in Gabon. Their study, recently updated, shows that 65 percent of Africa’s forest elephants have been killed. One of the most significant long-term massacres of forest elephants has taken place in Minkebe National Park in northeast Gabon.
He emphasized that the problem was that there wasn’t a coordinated, active engagement between the NGOs and the Gabon government—there was money, but no effective presence. Exacerbating the problem, between 2002 and 2011 a gold mining camp grew rapidly inside the 2,920-square-park, bringing in 6,000 people.
The mining population was trafficking in ivory, as well as “illegally panning for gold…[trafficking in] bush meat, drugs, arms, prostitutes, and, although the evidence is sketchy, children who were forced to work in the mines,” White says.
In 2011 Richard Ruggiero and WCS scientist and then National Geographic Society Explorer-in-Residence J. The information galvanized ANPN—in conjunction with the army—to close the gold mining camps, and later that year all 6,000 people were summarily moved out of the park and buffer zone. In June 2012 Gabon burned its ivory stockpile to signal its zero-tolerance policy for wildlife crime. Furthermore, Wasser says, the majority of the tusks were “very small, which suggests they were poached from young elephants. More than half the poachers, he says, are Cameroonians illegally crossing into the country, often armed with .458s. Fiona Maisels explains that part of the challenge of protecting forest elephants is that “you can’t see what is going on.
Gabon’s President Ali Bongo Ondimba spoke at the conference, vowing that upon his return home he would “sign a new law making elephant poaching and trafficking a crime, raising the minimum sentence for convicted poachers to three years, and requiring a life sentence in cases involving organized crime.” (As of now, the new law has not been signed). In a speech at the accompanying International Wildlife Trafficking Symposium at the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), White detailed ANPN’s progress.
White works hard to foster what he calls an “esprit de corps” for the wardens (“If your staff aren’t motivated, you’re not going to win”) by increasing salaries, offering retirement policies, and providing medical insurance for families. Perhaps most important, White continues to work closely with Gabon’s president Ali Bongo Ondimba, whom he calls his greatest ally. Gabon has worked so proactively in the past few years, White said in his ZLS speech, that the country is now considered a model for wildlife conservation in Africa. But there’s more to be done: “We’re far from getting to the level of performance that we need to be at to deal with the problem. Writing from the frontlines in Gabon, Richard Ruggiero made an impassioned plea: “I have had the good fortune to have lived with elephants for many years, and I think I have a fairly good grip on what they are, and maybe even how they think and feel.
They will take everything we stood back when ghex invaded Tibet time for the West to show its teeth.To protect these species. I do like the idea of relocation, just not tampering with another ecosystem in the process.
Please please tell me that there will be a full program or video on the elephants of Samburu – this video was such a tease, I would really like to see more, more, more!!! The US should get tough with China and at the very least threaten to stop importing their junk until they stop marketing products in not just elephants, but all the species that are endangered because of China — tigers, sun bears, turtles, snow leopards, the list is endless. A Voice for Elephants & RhinosElephants and rhinoceroses may be large, heavy and thick-skinned, but they are being threatened with extinction in the wild by poaching for their ivory or horn, and by human impact on their habitats.
How Killing Elephants Finances Terror in AfricaArmed groups help fund operations by smuggling elephant ivory. To delete this file, click the file name with your mouse, then right-click and scroll down the menu to the "delete" option. To remove the photo permanently from the desktop, locate the photo on the hard drive and drag it to the trash.
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Whatever your interest, you'll be entertained and educated with our collection of best-selling DVDs. This two-headed blue shark fetus was removed from its mother by fisherman Christopher Johnston in 2008, off the coast of Australia. As we previously reported, there have been only about a half dozen reported cases of two-headed sharks. In January 2011, scientists published a review of two-headed blue sharks in the journal Marine Biodiversity Records.
The researchers, led by Felipe Galvan-Magana, wrote, “Abnormal sharks showed a symmetric bicephaly that could be caused by the high number of embryos found in the uterus of the blue shark, which is the most fecund species of shark in the world.


In the case of the two-headed blue shark that appears in the photos in this post, Johnston told us that he found it while working as a longline fisherman in the Indian Ocean.
Johnston showed it to the captain and other crew, but he said they were too tired and focused on getting their work done to pay much attention. Johnston explained that the reason the fishermen cut open pregnant sharks was because they were only allowed to keep 20 blue sharks on a boat at a time, apparently including fetal ones.
As for Johnston, these days he lives in Dubai, where he leads private recreational fishing trips for royals. He originally hails from Perth, Australia, although his family moved him to the Middle East when he was four years old. As to the reader comments that asked if such two-headed creatures could be traced to pollution, radiation, or other environmental ills, Wagner had told us that it is very difficult to pin abnormalities on a single cause. Out of the 20, he should have kept this one and submitted it to a local marine biology clinic so that it could have been analyzed more. People are sick and cruel for any purpose – fooling with nature and killing for money is not humane! Birth defects in any species are not normal but happen – but we as a species are polluting this planet!
Ocean ViewsOcean Views brings new and experienced voices together to discuss the threats facing our ocean and to celebrate successes. The Aquarium of the WorldDescribed by Jacques Cousteau as the "aquarium of the world," the Gulf of California in Mexico is threatened by coastal development, climate change, and other human activities.
The carbon dioxide we pump into the air is seeping into the oceans and slowly acidifying them. Photograph: Clownfish reared in acidified water can't recognize the chemical signals that guide them to their unusual home—the tentacles of an anemone. Lightning flashes over Ayers Rock, a landmark red sandstone monolith that draws tourists to Australia's center.
The remote Kimberley region in Western Australia features dramatic landscapes filled with river gorges and sandstone formations that were featured in the 2008 film Australia. The sky stretches far and wide above cowgirls—or jillaroos—on a cattle ranch in Queensland.
Eight towering limestone monoliths make up the Twelve Apostles that sit on Great Ocean Road in southeastern Australia. The Sydney Opera House is an iconic image of Australia’s largest city and provides multiple venues for different types of entertainment. The world-famous Melbourne Cricket Ground was built in 1853 after the Australian government forced the 15-year-old Melbourne Cricket Club to move locations.
Australian surf lifesaving clubs were formed in the early 20th century in an effort to help save swimmers who get caught in the sometimes treacherous surf. King penguins crowd Macquarie Island, which is halfway between Australia and Antarctica and home to thousands of migratory seabirds and elephant seals.
The Remarkable Rocks, a series of weather-sculpted boulders that perch on a granite dome above the sea, draw visitors to Flinders Chase National Park on south Australia's Kangaroo Island. Crystal Shower Falls is just one natural attraction in New South Wales's Dorrigo National Park. The threatened Australian sea lion is found only in the Great Australian Bight, which arcs around the southern shore of the continent. The smooth, sandy shorelines of Australia’s Whitsunday Islands and the natural wonder of the surrounding Great Barrier Reef draw tourists from around the world.
This might come as a surprise, since Gabon is a relatively small country, about the size of the United Kingdom.
The most comprehensive report on their current numbers was a paper coauthored by Fiona Maisels, of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and biostatistician Samantha Strindberg, also with WCS; the study was published last year in PLOS ONE (“Devastating Decline of Forest Elephants in Central Africa”).
Minkebe is considered one of, if not the most, important forest park for elephants in Africa. Michael Fay assessed the situation in Minkebe, estimating that 50 to 100 elephants were being killed daily inside the park and the buffer zone. A rotating detachment of 120 soldiers is now based, semi-permanently, in the park to protect the remaining elephants. According to Samuel Wasser—head of the Center for Conservation Biology, University of Washington, whose goal is to identify poaching hot spots in Africa by conducting DNA tests on officially seized ivory—some of those tusks originated in the Minkebe park region in northeast Gabon. The poachers go into the forest, kill the elephants, hide the ivory until nighttime, and sneakily go down the river and pay off authority figures as they go.
Ruggiero says he “sensed a significant increase in the state of awareness and will to address the poaching and trafficking crises. If we’re cited as a model, that’s because the other agencies around central Africa are so weak—and that’s why we have 58 percent of the [forest] elephants where we should have only 10 percent. Regional agreements throughout Central Africa to adopt and to enforce similar wildlife policies adopted and enforced throughout Southern Africa where elephants are, in fact, largely thriving. We have seen throughout history how tampering with nature in such a way upsets the natural balance. I too, think like Doug Williams that to put them into other parks around the world is a great idea.
Tagging all the elephants is not an impossible task and when this is done it will greatly reduce poaching.
Talking about anything else other than pointing the finger directly at China’s carving factories accomplishes nothing to help these hapless animals.


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One of our readers, Christopher Johnston, then sent us an email with photos he had taken on September 27, 2008 of a similarly surprising find: a two-headed blue shark.
The phenomenon arises through conjoined development of twins, the same process that produces what used to be called Siamese twins in people. The malformed female blue shark embryos the scientists examined had been found inside a pregnant adult female that had been caught in the Gulf of California off the western coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico. He indicated that the fins had to remain on the bodies, to prevent the finning that is driving down shark numbers around the globe. Michael Wagner of Michigan State University recently confirmed to us that two-headed animals rarely survive in the wild. Sometimes the problems also arise spontaneously, an imperfect expression of life’s machinery. If he finds a pregnant mother to be carrying up to 100 pups, how can they ensure they’re not killing 100 more aside from the 20 they have? Is it normal (though unusual) for sharks to be born two-headed, or is this caused by we humans, polluting and screwing up the oceans? To learn firsthand what's going on in and around this marine treasure of global importance, the National Geographic Society sent its top scientists and officials to the region in January 2016. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park houses the rock, called Uluru by Aborigines, the continent's original inhabitants.
The Kimberley is also home to the massive boab tree, close relative of the African baobabs. The original inhabitants of Australia, Aborigines were there for more than 40,000 years before white men arrived. These eastern Australian residents spend most of their time dozing in eucalyptus trees, waking up at night to feed on the trees' tough leaves. A national symbol of Australia, the eastern grey kangaroo has been known to leap up to 29.5 feet (9 meters) in a single bound as it traverses eastern mainland Australia.
The structures, once a part of the towering mainland cliffs, now sit about 80 feet (24 meters) high and 20 feet (6 meters) wide in the midst of crashing waves. Australia’s Gold Coast is a surfing paradise where grommets (Aussie slang for surfers) hang ten in the waves that flow into famous surfing beaches like the Spit, Surfers Paradise, and Mermaid Beach. The distinctive roof of the opera house is created from interlocking “shells” that form a terraced platform where pedestrians can stroll in the Sydney sunshine. Today the site is the largest stadium in Australia and has played host to Pope John Paul II, the 1956 Summer Olympics, and musical acts like The Police.
Victorian morality created the huts, situated close to the shoreline so women could slip into their bathing costumes and race to the water discretely.
Today more than 300 surf lifesaving clubs help keep beaches safe and sponsor competitions and carnivals. The oceanic island is the exposed part of the undersea Macquarie Ridge, which is formed by the meeting of two tectonic plates. Boardwalks on the forest floor and the treetop level let visitors experience the rain forest up close.
The mammal is distinguished by an unusual breeding cycle that occurs every 18 months and has pups suckle for a year and a half. Many of the 74 islands are designated national park land while others play host to luxurious island resorts.
Nearly 90 percent of the nation consists of rain forest, and though Gabon’s rain forests constitute only a fraction of the continent’s, they shelter close to a remarkable 60 percent of Africa’s remaining forest elephants. Today—almost unimaginably—the number has fallen to roughly 12,000, and it’s still dropping.
To save them from ourselves is not only biologically essential, it should be one of humankind’s greatest endeavors—an effort that would require a heroic and selfless mission. Interesting that in the Chobe area of Botswana, the issue is too many elephants within the fragile environment.
Journalists Bryan Christy and Aidan Hartley take viewers undercover as they investigate the criminal network behind ivory’s supply and demand. He says most seem to “swim off fine” but what if they all die within 20 minutes?
They toured the desert islands off the southeastern coast of the Baja Peninsula and they listened to presentations by more than a dozen experts, including several whose Baja California research is funded by the Society.
European settlers brought disease and politics to the continent, severely endangering the Aborigines’ distinct culture, language, and lifestyle.
Significantly, the government of Gabon has increased ANPN’s budget from one million dollars to 18 million annually. China changed its culture and demand when it made foot binding and poaching pandas illegal.



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