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In the wake of Cecil the lion’s killing in Zimbabwe we are seeing real conversations about hunting: its viability and its ethics.
It has opened some tough discussions, like if we should all boycott Zimbabwe, or whether lion hunting is in any shape or form a viable conservation tool. Just today I was filming some lions hunting zebras and I reflected on the difference between a hunting lion and a man hunting a lion. Beverly and I started the National Geographic Big Cats Initiative specifically because of incidents exactly like this shooting by Dr. This is going on while we have seen 95 percent declines in lion populations over the past 60 years and continue to lose 5 lions a day. Every time I have tested the desire to hunt and kill a lion with hunters I get a range of answers, from that it is for conservation, to it being about saving villagers from a marauding lion, to that it is cropping out the old, sick and surplus. Arnold Schwarzenegger said it well recently [on Twitter, image alongside]: Bravery is joining the military, not killing big cats. They fact that Palmer had to drag a bait to get Cecil the lion out of a park, and out of protection, and that he shot him with an arrow and then later a bullet, is not only testament to poor ethics, but also to the damaging impact already created in designated hunting areas where lions are so depleted that they have to bait ‘Cecils’ from conservation areas.
One former hunting area called the Selinda Reserve was converted to only photographic tourism.
Hunting in the countries that still allow it contributes less than 0.27% to the national GDP. Males coming in to a pride have one desire, to start their own families, not to raise the ousted male’s cubs. Hunters will say, ‘what about safari hunting of cattle raiders?’ This is totally impractical. Another myth is that hunters only shoot old males past their prime that have been cast out from the pride. I hope that Cecil the lion has died for at least some cause: to rally everyone to get this important legislation passed and to stop the killing of lions for fun. Dereck and Beverly Joubert are award-winning filmmakers from Botswana who have been Explorers-in-Residence for over four years.
Beverly Joubert also is an acclaimed photographer, and many of her photographs have appeared in National Geographic magazine. Dereck and Beverly established the Big Cats Initiative with National Geographic as an emergency action fund to drive the world’s attention to big cats and to develop real solutions to stop the decline that has seen lion numbers drop from 450,000 to 20,000 in 50 years.
Thank- you for your enlightening information on the aspects of Hunting and biological make-up of Lions as I found the data very educational and inspiring. There are many more of them who intend to meet for their annual convention to brag and congratulate each other for what they think they are getting away with, and to make plans for more of the same.
Kate – the private game ranches you speak of are invariably small, around 1000-1200 hectares, and are fenced. This is a precis of the information I have spent a number of years gathering as a conservation writer and journalist. The above link takes you to Economists At Large’s ground-breaking research into the hunting industry. Secondly, endangered animals such as Sable antelope are being bred by game ranchers for the sole purpose of trophy hunting. I have racked my brain for potential solutions and have thus far only managed to come up with some airy ideas, but, it’s a start, and maybe we need to be thinking far outside of the box. Perhaps companies making money off our natural parks should form brand partnerships with conserved areas, they can use these pristine areas as advertising billboards (online of course – on platforms such as Google Earth and Maps and on any lodges websites that are found within the reserves) just like they do with sports stadiums.
As we see only today, Edna Molewa appearing as though she believes just that which hunters will have you believe.
It is a fallacy to consider game ranches as protection areas for lions (or most other game).
Olatotse and Modumo Who are professional guides would like to know who is to be blamed for Cecil,s killing, is it the Government, company owner, professional hunter, or Mr Walter. Coutesy of TIME (Helen Regan) Until 2000 Zimbabwe had a successful wildlife-management program, with many big-game animals flourishing.
Despite the passing of harsher laws for poachers in 2011 illegal hunting in Zimbabwe is still big business. Yes it was sad that Cecil the lion was shot, I wonder if he knew that his name was Cecil, was he named at birth or only after he became this magnificent specimen of a lion. Java Tiger, Hartebeest, River Dolphin, Pyrenees ibex, Taiwan Clouded Leopard, Japanese river otter, Eastern Cougar, Caspian Tiger, Arabian Ostrich, Texas Wolf, Bali Tiger, Mongolian mountain wolf, Southern Rocky Mountains wolf, Kenai peninsula Wolf, California Grizzly bear, Newfoundland wolf, Honshu Wolf, Hokkaido Wolf, Quagga , African Atlas Bear- all these are extinct.
Cecils death has brought the issues to the forefront, however, as sad as this single lions death is, it should not have been in vain.
We have precedence in a few countries, where either trophy hunting has been banned, or the import of trophies is illegal. Well said Dereck, I hope you have sent this piece into CITES and all the other places that still spout their rubbish about hunting being a good thing !
I am astounded that hunting animals for fun especially big cats are still being allowed to carry on legally. For others not associated with such safari clubs, have we not learnt from the past that these fun hunting is wasteful and damaging that we should set up laws and stop these clubs from such activities. For example shooting migrating birds may not cause a problem in the location but the effects are felt elsewhere in the place the birds return to, their breeding grounds. Conservationists and the government are teaming up to turn a hunting concession, where ibex were commercially hunted, into a co-managed nature reserve.
The 100 square mile former concession area, Shamshy, in Kyrgyzstan’s northern Tian Shan mountains, is home to ibex, and seasonal populations of argali and wolves.
Shamshy’s ibex used to be hunted commercially?—?but now, they will be allowed to thrive and recover undisturbed, as hunting will no longer be allowed. The Snow Leopard Trust, a conservation organization based in Seattle WA, is one of the key partners in this new venture.
Commercial big game hunting, often referred to as ‘trophy hunting’, is a revenue source for many countries around the world, and a hotly debated topic in conservation circles.
The idea of turning a former hunting concession into a nature reserve was born out of this debate. The area will be used for research, education and limited ecotourism?—?camera trap population surveys of snow leopards, and distribution and abundance surveys of ibex and other species; and also law enforcement trainings for park rangers, and possibly nature camps for local children are slated for the coming years.
This new, innovative approach is made possible by a partnership between the Snow Leopard Trust, Snow Leopard Foundation Kyrgyzstan, and the Department of Hunting and Natural Resource Management under the State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic, which issues hunting concessions and licenses in the Central Asian country. For this pilot, the Hunting Department has forfeited the cost of the hunting licenses that could have been sold in this area, had it been rented out to a commercial outfit.
While the area is fairly easy to access by road, there are only two conceivable entry points into the reserve, it’s feasible to monitor and patrol the area with a small team of rangers drawn from the local communities around. This project is supported by Seattle’s Woodland Park Zoo and Partnership Funding by Fondation Segre, managed by Whitley Fund for Nature.
We'll look for answers and post them here, along with regular updates about the science and conservation status of felids. National Geographic supports scientific research of lions, tigers, cheetahs, leopards, and other big cats with a view to finding viable ways to protect them in their natural habitat.
Death is always near, and teamwork is essential on the Serengeti—even for a magnificent, dark-maned male known as C-Boy. Go behind the scenes of recent National Geographic coverage of some of the world's top predators. In California, poaching wildlife is one of the biggest problems behind drugs - and the game wardens are out hunting the poachers.
Subscribe to National Geographic magazine and save. Print and digital editions available for as little as $12. In Zakouma National Park, in Chad, elephants drink at the last remaining water hole during the dry season. The Elephant and the Pauper: The Ivory Debacle is a recently released 50-minute video by the Hunter Proud Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit charitable public foundation and lobbying organization based in Houston, Texas.
The video was circulated in the first half of January 2015 to members of the IUCN Specialist Groups and to CITES membership, with the specific aim of lobbying for hunting and consumptive use of African wildlife.
The film—whose proposals for gaining revenue from ivory and sport hunting come at a time of unprecedented poaching and killing of elephants across their range, including in Zimbabwe—is risky to the point of irresponsibility.
The Hunter Proud Foundation has turned the clock back on decades of progress in conservation and wildlife management.
The outdated ideas about elephant ecology, along with the blinkered call for a return to agriculture-style intensive management and population control, are conflated with the legitimate, but entirely separate, aims of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). The biggest threat the video poses for public disinformation is in advancing the ivory trade Decision-Making Mechanism.
The film rests on long dismissed ideas of elephant “carrying capacities” and “overpopulation,” which we’re surprised are being expressed and circulated to a 21st-century conservation audience. Ecological researchers and, increasingly, wildlife managers have recognized that ecosystems are shaped by self-regulating processes, and that diversity across landscapes and change through time are essential features of natural landscapes, rather than “disruptions” to be beaten back. Much of the research community, and many managers, accept that ecosystem structure and function are not about elephant numbers but instead about elephant distribution across a landscape and in relation to plant communities. Managers in sub-Saharan Africa, such as in Tanzania and in South Africa’s Kruger National Park, have taken this approach on board with their elephant management, replacing culling with water-point management, and fencing with promotion of animal dispersal, through corridors and protection of meta-populations. To illustrate its contention that parks need intensive intervention, the film makes unsubstantiated and disparaging claims about supposed mismanagement of elephants in the key populations of Tsavo National Park, in Kenya, and Chobe National Park, in Botswana, which it contrasts with the enlightened management of Zimbabwe’s Hwange National Park.
During the 1960s to 1970s, Tsavo East National Park experienced a prolonged increase in elephant numbers through reproduction and concentration to avoid hunting and incompatible land use in the surrounding region. Studies of pollen cores in Tsavo from the past 1,400 years show that continual change has been the rule at local and landscape levels, with several shifts between high and low tree cover over periods of 250 to 500 years. In Chobe, similar changes in tree cover under elephant browsing have been documented, with the observation that animal and plant communities are now returning to the state that existed before the extirpation of elephants during the intensive ivory trade in the 19th to early 20th century. The Department of National Parks and Wild Life Management (DNPWLM) took the decision to reduce elephant densities by killing large numbers, but they could have achieved a more satisfactory solution by strategic closing of water points to create areas of high and low herbivore density, allowing natural mortality to bring populations in line with food supplies. The argument advanced in the film is that it is more humane to cull elephants than to allow them to die from lack of food. We argue strenuously, however, with the film’s strong emphasis on trophy hunting of elephants as if it is the only source of rural income, when there are many other species that can be hunted sustainably within conservative trophy quotas. The film also ignores the value of living elephants and of the many diverse revenue streams other than hunting and ivory trade that can and should be shared and controlled by grass-roots communities in conservation landscapes. It is, however, a condition of the regulatory body, CITES, that funds generated from the consumptive use of controlled species go to promote the conservation of that species, and this use of funds be demonstrably and transparently clear.
It is implied, but not stated, that ivory sales themselves are important to the CAMPFIRE program and to local communities. Demonstrating that funds (either from hunting or ivory sales) contribute to conservation has been a challenge even for the regulatory body CITES, which has fallen back on statements as non-specific as “development programs within or adjacent to the elephant range.” Thus the major trade body itself fails to equate elephant deaths for ivory consumption with any genuine conservation activities. The collapse of and lack of transparency in the multibillion-dollar diamond industry—and that industry’s failure to help alleviate poverty in Zimbabwe—should be a cautionary lesson for those who think the “mining” of declining African wildlife populations will reduce poverty in Zimbabwe.
The proposal that the diamond model—using an international “Central Ivory Selling Organization,” which would control the storage and distribution of ivory from a centralized location—be used to establish a trade in African elephant ivory was made by Rowan Martin, hired by CITES in 2011 to lead author the initial “Decision-making mechanism for process of trade in ivory” (DMM). This proposed mechanism has since been denounced as flawed, including in collective responses made by CITES member states and members of the African Elephant Specialist Group. It has recently been pointed out that the Kimberley process, established to bring an end to trade in conflict and blood diamonds, would also fail to regulate a legal wildlife trade, given that diamonds from countries banned from selling them still enter the market. The modern paradigm in ecology and conservation—promoting spatial heterogeneity and temporal dynamics—would produce little ivory for the international trade. This latest production starring Rowan Martin is as flawed and propagandist as his version of the DMM. The Elephant and the Pauper: The Ivory Debacle is deeply misleading on key issues of ecology and conservation.
If the pronouncements of this film are heeded, we strongly believe it will be extremely dangerous for the future of African elephants.
Phyllis Lee and Keith Lindsay have been ecologists with the Amboseli Trust for Elephants, Kenya, and have worked in research and conservation in Africa and Asia, for more than 30 years. I would say the paper is more of a thought provoking one on OPTIONS and THOUGHTS on elephant management , than one which categorically states elephant numbers SHOULD NOT be controlled to avoid ecological change , in fact they dont close that door as per number 2 above. If you took the time to heed your own advise and actually read and understand our science based point of view , you would have observed that we do in fact recognise the wide spread destruction of elephant populations and are not only concerned but putting in the time and money to try combat the decline. You pretend on one hand to care about the decline in elephant populations but then seem OK with the scientificaly predicted mass die off of elephant by disease or hunger due to the elephants over population in specific geographic locations. You further ignore or explain why elephant populations are only stable and increasing in areas where Elephant hunting is an integral part of elephant management ( Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa, and Botswana ) – the reason for the stable elephant populations is because they are protected outside of national parks by the hunting companies presence on the ground and by the hunting companies own Anti Poaching units funded on the backs of hunting revenues. In continuation of the fact elephants need land and a lot of it and Africa actually has the land to sustain ever increasing elephant populations – the problem however is that most of Africa does not have the capacity to finance nor manpower the available land. As Zig has stated , history will identify that anti hunters were African Wildlife’s greatest threat and cause of extinction.

Keith Lindsay – you state we are not reading your theory nor trying to understand it , which is incorrect, we have hence the very articulate and lengthy replies , you may not like the replies nor the overwhelming rejection of your THEORY . But lets make it clear why we do not accept your theory of allowing the destruction to carry on ( or evolve according to you) .
Lindsay and partners are trying to sell an outdated theory on elephant management ( evolutionary biodiversity change) which has failed elephants across africa where they are safe and breeding beyond their habitat capacity , all under the hidden agenda of trying to stop elephant hunting .
IF you, G Pollock and all the other professional hunters would BOTHER yourselves to read my postings and the links I’ve provided, you would see that it is not just my opinion that there are better ways to manage nature than wading in with guns (and fences and artificial water).
Ivory and rhino horn are natural renewable resources of Africa which are very valuable on the world market – and they can be produced sustainably for ANY size market. When it comes to the stopping the poaching of privately owned rhinos, the ONLY thing that can be done to save THEM, is to beef up security on the private game ranches; and THAT is going to cost a whole lot of money. So, despite what Lindsay might say, the Hwange and Chobe National parks will be trashed and there will be an uncontrolled die-off of elephant and other game species. It is understandable that some safari hunting operators may feel that their enterprises are threatened by international restrictions on elephant killing.
There is little point in my continuing to post information here if people won’t read it and then think about its meaning before recycling the same old arguments. The successes and challenges of CBNRM in southern Africa, and of the wisdom (or otherwise) of trading in endangered species in the middle of a crisis, have been discussed at length elsewhere. KL states “Claimed disaster scenarios from elsewhere (Tsavo, Chobe, Hwange) have been greatly exaggerated. I have never read any published papers reflecting this view , please supply the link otherwise this is just another loose statement made to distract readers from the reality of the damage. The capping arose after the very obvious decline in large tree biomes, in an attempt to halt the unacceptable decline. KL’s attempt to undermine the value of income generated from sustainable wildlife utilization in the CAMPFIRE program by distributing every last cent to a household is simply illogical and a blatant attempt to undermine the revenue to discredit hunting. I am often astounded at how anti hunters will extract facts and manipulate them to make a new completely different looking story from the original intent .
NON TRADE has not worked , neither has the no trade in rhino horn, in fact since the ban the demand and black market value has skyrocketed on the back of the ban – so this is definetly not working !
Why not use proabition as the example rather , this was a legal trade much like ivory and horn, no need to regurgitate this old story we all know the history . The underlying point however is that anti hunters do not care about options at the expense of our wildlife.
Travis and Daddy are boar hunting in the woods of Alabama, when Daddy recalls  stories of wounded veterans who wish they could hunt – but whose disabilities keep them from getting outdoors. The Game Warden has gotten word that an illegal hunting machine is being created, so he and his men have come to check it out.  Though it’s not strictly illegal, the Game Warden is concerned… but once he hears about Philip, he changes his attitude.
The guys work late into the night, then at dawn load up the device and drive off to the hunting grounds.
Daddy has noticed tracks of giant feral hogs in the area, so the Rednecks head one way into the woods to drive a hog toward Philip.
Philip drives his vehicle to the boar where the guys met him, then they show off the final feature – a “boar-scoop” that picks up the hog like a forklift. Follow these Gloucester, MA fishermen as they use rod and reel to catch the elusive bluefin tuna. Explore the fascinating facets of your cranium with brainteasers, experiments, and hard science.
Explore the lives of otherwise ordinary Americans who are going to great lengths to prepare for the end of the world.
Thousands of local Zimbabweans live off photographic tourism and a range of other jobs that are not involved in hunting. Loss of habitat is partly responsible, conflict with livestock and poaching also play a role — but so does hunting. If it was all about the wonderful outdoors there are thousands of outlets for the sportsman that don’t end in the blood and lolling tongue of a dead lion.
The fact that anyone still debates this is astounding, but at least 55,000 members of a group called Safari Club International do. The male cubs that were left behind grew up, started mating with their sisters, and mothers, until these young males were also shot.
The increase in wildlife has been spectacular; the increase in revenue to government and its people is something like 1,300 percent.
In Botswana ecotourism is the largest employer in the northern districts and hires 40 percent of the working population. Their mission is the conservation and understanding of the large predators and key African wildlife species that determine the course of all conservation in Africa. Their coverage of unique predator behavior has resulted in 22 films, 10 books, six scientific papers, and many articles for National Geographic magazine. Filmmaking for them has always been a way to bring the message of conservation to audiences. In the case Of Cecil I agree with your comments 100% as Palmer in my personal opinion was a psychopathic coward who had the intentions of killing a lion that day no matter what it took to fulfil his sadistic barbaric thirst.
How will we ever win, when such government officials are so keenly biased in support of hunting.
But by 2003, a staggering 80% of the animals that had lived on Zimbabwean safari camps (which employed firm quotas to regulate animal population sizes) had died. Poaching syndicates earn hundreds of thousands of dollars exporting ivory and animal skins. Thousands upon thousands of tons of wood from trees that are hundreds of years old is being removed and exported to the likes of France, the UK, Spain and yes you guessed it China.
My travel funds are limited, so I do look closely at a countries values when I choose a place to vacation. Hiding in the bush and shooting an unsuspecting animal with a high powered weapon is not brave. Cheers to the Jouberts for their sterling work and their steadfast fight to raise awareness to the desperate plight of our African cats. The stark reality, which I am sure you and Beverly have witnessed over the years, is that the lion population has been decimated and it is now the time for change.
Our fight for trophy hunting to be banned, stopping the import of trophies, or even the transport of trophies internationally and having this written in law continues to be our motivator.
We have enough problems with poaching and habitat loss that cause population deine, and hunting for fun is definitely not necessary and is further compounding an already serious problem. The passenger pigeon became extinct in America solely because of their indiscriminate and aimless hunting aka shooting practice by humans. It lies within a large snow leopard landscape, and has the potential to become a key part of the home ranges of several of these endangered cats if its wild ungulate population could be increased.
This comes as part of a pilot project that aims to turn the former hunting concession into a new type of reserve, co-managed by the government, conservation NGOs, and local people.
Wherever their numbers are dwindling, for instance if they’re hunted in an unsustainable way, the number of snow leopards drops as well. Advocates of trophy hunting say that selling licenses to hunt big game generates funds, which can be used for conservation projects, while opponents fear that it adds to the pressure many species are already under, and also question the ethics of the practice.
All partners will share expertise, the cost of training, equipment and salaries for the rangers, as well as any other costs that arise from the co-management of the area.
There are 38 species of felids, ranging from the seven-pound tabby in your lap to 500-pound Siberian tigers—with cheetahs, leopards, ocelots, and other striped and spotted cats in between. We'll also share National Geographic articles, videos, and behind-the-scenes features and keep you up to date on our Big Cats Initiative work to help big cats hang on in the wild. Bloggers and commenters are required to observe National Geographic's community rules and other terms of service. Combining the resources of National Geographic and the Cincinnati Zoo, and drawing on the skills of an incredible crew, we documented these amazing cats in a way that’s never been done before. With opinions unsupported by evidence, the “documentary” misrepresents the science of elephant population dynamics and their ecological roles—science that is indispensable to informing conservation and management approaches. Intervention in the form of elephant culling is said (incorrectly) to be dependent on the sale of elephant ivory, which is then mixed in with trophy hunting and (incorrectly) presented as a necessity for the financing of CBNRM and social development.
This conceptually risky instrument, which would encourage increased sales of ivory and trigger even greater levels of illegal trade, is due to be discussed at the next CITES Conference of the Parties (CoP17), in September 2016. The continual processes of change—not rigid structural stability—taking place in these systems should be the primary focus of conservation action. The park warden at the time decided against interference, and elephant foraging during this period led to a change in the dominant vegetation cover from dense bushland to open bushed grassland.
The conclusion reached was that there were no ecological grounds for elephant reduction, although local reduction or redistribution was advocated to resolve land use clashes with farmers now occupying former areas of the natural ecosystem. This disingenuous concern for welfare is ironic in light of the DNPWLM’s current actions in forcibly removing scores of juvenile elephants from their families for export to a life of suffering in foreign zoos. This pioneering initiative is not without its difficulties, but we (and many others) acknowledge it as a model for empowering rural people to make decisions about—and benefit from—natural resource use. The assertion that elephant hunting is a mainstay—and that without it, communities get no benefit at all (particularly in light of the relatively small contribution of trophy hunting overall to Zimbabwe’s economy)—lacks evidential support. These income sources include ecotourism, forestry, fisheries, mining royalties, and payments for carbon storage and other ecosystem services. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) of “eco-imperialism,” calling USFWS’s 2014 decision to ban the import of elephant trophies from Tanzania and Zimbabwe unsubstantiated and a breach of treaty (which treaty is not entirely clear). In fact, any proceeds from ivory sales are relatively modest on an annual basis, and they are administered in a top-down fashion through centralized national government mechanisms rather than devolved to rural community participation. Zimbabwe is riddled with corruption and poor governance, which urgently need addressing before benefits can be transferred from the urban elite to the rural poor.
Katarzyna Nowak is a roving conservation scientist with more than a decade of field research experience, including in Tanzania, South Africa, Costa Rica, and, recently, Chile. Lindsay – not only have I read your comments but I have taken the trouble to read your suggested links , and low and behold I once again discover that the usual tactic of the anti hunting fraternity to not be liberal with the truth is on display. However you are failing to do this very thing by ignoring the fact that the elephants of Zimbabwe and Botswana are about to not only implode their own populations but are damaging other key species . The number one resource Africa has its wildlife and it should be allowed to trade freely without western arrogant intervention. CITIES have been highjacked by anti use and extreme animal welfare NGO’s , they can no longer be trusted to make unbiased wildlife decisions that affect African states. Wildlife protection , development and management requires enormous amounts of financial and manpower investment .
Or do you intervene and “control” the population of cockroaches using by adaptive management principles?
For that reason pro-utilization bodies have long identified that the land surface increase can be funded on the back of hunting dollars. Evolution and change in nature take place over millions of years not 50 years which you are proposing , anything accelerated due to human intervention – which is very much the case in regards to elephant and elephant range, is not evolution but adaption , adaption can take place a far greater rate than evolution.
The greatest threat to elephant and other african wildlife is loss of habitat ( or in this case change of habitat ) both create a threat to biodiversity . The summary and motivation – the leading successful model for creating extended wildlife areas and joining millions of acres of land dedicated to wildlife management is hunting based land use. Professors Owen-Smith, van Aarde, Kerley, Slotow and Page have all done plenty of research into the ecology of elephants and their ecosystems.
Its purpose was to provide responsible background and ecological information – enough for responsible people everywhere to start to understand the complex management needs of the African elephant in the interests both of the elephant and the entire natural ecosystems which they share with other plants and animals which ALL suffer the consequences when elephant numbers become excessive. I worked for the Rhodesian (now Zimbabwean) National Parks for 24 years (and ended up as the Provincial Game Warden-in-charge of Hwange National Park – and in other spheres in South Africa).
Unfortunately culling will not be implemented either because of the costs involved and the absence of legal trade in ivory. However, it would show some sense of proportion, and humanity, if they were able to recognise the widespread international concern over the destruction of elephant populations and look beyond their narrow commercial interests. This material is also readily available to anyone who cares to invest the time in understanding the issues properly. There is no benchmark against which to judge an ideal vegetation state for the KNP, and the previously maintained ceiling of around 7000 elephants in the KNP should not be construed as a carrying capacity. All known CBNRM initiatives attempt to fund community projects that uplift communities – such as community schools and community halls , vegetable gardens , funds for the destitute etc they are never with the intent to make each and every family dependent on cash hand outs per household. The greatest decline in elephant numbers in areas that closed hunting has occurred from 1989 , only countries that continued to hunt ( use of ivory ) show increased elephant populations from 1989 onwards – eg Zimbabwe, Namibia , Botswana , Zambia . But the point is the ban is making ivory and horn more valuable than gold diamonds and human lives , whereas common sense dictates that make it a common commodity it looses value. It’s a horrific way to promote hunting of the elephants in Africa by hunters who are desperately trying to turn the tide in their favor .

The one who enticed the officials there, with the help of the ex-CITES official Hank Jenkins, to rip baby elephants from their mothers and families to feed the wildlife trade.
Back at the garage, the guys decide to create an all-terrain hunting vehicle for a disabled veteran. Despite everyone’s skepticism, Travis thinks the golf cart might be a good base for the vehicle – if they can beef it up. As they are putting the last minute touches on the vehicle, Philip LaBonte arrives with Lt Sean Clifford from the 101st Airborne and Hope for the Warriors. Meanwhile, Philip drives himself to a good spot, then raises his elevator platform to a good height for a hunting blind.
Philip is excited to be back in the woods, hunting trophy hogs.  He drives back to the trucks in his vehicle, as the Rednecks walk alongside, celebrating a successful hunt for a wounded warrior.
Maybe because I’m half redneck (the Tennessee half), maybe because it makes me laugh all the time and maybe because the guys are so patriotic.
Many of these people have chosen non-hunting industries because they already don’t like the business or ethics of hunting. Palmer’s (the hunter who paid for and killed this famous lion)  is one of malicious intent and cruelty and there are almost no examples of that in nature. What is it that drives some of us to want to slaughter an animal that we have come to understand, from 32 years working with lions, are mostly passive and wanting to go about their business. But safely at the long end of a telescopic sight and a high-powered rifle, or even with a state-of-the-art compound bow and arrow, it isn’t brave. They feel that shooting lions protects them, despite study after study over decades that prove the contrary. On average a pride may have between 10 and 20 cubs (if the average pride is 8 females.) One license kills one male and his partner, as well as about 20 cubs, and often a mother who wants to defend her cubs.
The stuffed toys and protests outside of the hapless dentist’s office are sending a signal that enough is enough. This body of work has resulted in five Emmys, a Peabody, the World Ecology Award, and the recent induction into the American Academy of Achievement. The brains of psycopaths have been found to have weak connections among the components of the brain’s emotional systems. Private game reserves, such as the Timbavati and Sabi Sands game reserves in South Africa’s lowveld region, are a different kettle of fish entirely. It is a vestige of Africa’s colonialisation by Europe, an elitist, white pursuit which smacks of greed and arrogance. They are also breeding grounds for inbreeding, gene pool manipulation and deterioration of pure genes. Look at the issue for what it is and let’s get things done one at a time while leaving egos at the door.
By 2007, there were only 14 private game farms in the country, compared with 620 prior to the land seizures of 2000, according to a National Geographic report. Many conservationists believe allowing the community to reap the benefits of wildlife management — by, ironically, running the sorts of safaris on which Palmer shot his lion — will help curb illegal poaching. And not to mention that the lion is a threatened species if not already endangered, why should we allow any to be hunted?
So we’re trying to protect prey in order to save the predator”, says Charu Mishra, the Snow Leopard Trust’s Science & Conservation Director. In our case, we’ll have similar rights, but we won’t sell any hunting licenses, and we’ll have rangers patrolling the area to make sure that there’s no hunting at all. Members of the pod coordinate their moves, herding a mass of herring into a manageable ball.
In the decades after a severe drought and die-off of elephants in the early 1970s, followed by intense poaching in the 1980s, Tsavo changed from grassland back to bushland. Over time, densities of elephants and other herbivores became artificially high, leading to widespread vegetation change and an atmosphere of apparent crisis. The film’s protagonist, the Zimbabwean Rowan Martin, asks, “Why does the USFWS insist on having proof that money generated from trophy hunting contributes to conservation?” And he accuses the service of disrupting the “flow of money” by encouraging the establishment of conservation trust funds. The Round Table of Biologists convened for the issue of elephant management in the KNP released the below , cut and pasted , which is not quiet what you were saying they were saying – is it – ?????
The only way this can be realized is for Africa to sustainably utilize its natural resources on a free and open market . By creating millions of additional hectares for elephant the pressure to cull or manage would be removed as would the destruction currently happening , this will never be achieved because rather than support a best land use option ( hunting ) Mr. So adaption or quick change is due to man and must therefore be remedied by man – hence the recommendation of controlled reduction involving best use practices. Healthy Wildlife ecosystems need contiguous viable areas – such as Transfrontier Parks or interleading conservation areas. And they, among many others, have concluded that the disaster scenario is the result of narrow-minded thinking, looking only at the short term and the small picture. Lindsay because, you see, he is tired of hearing the other side of the story and he has already told you all that you need to know about wildlife management. That defies the entire concept of community empowerment , we want to make communities sustainable through project development not cash handouts , handouts are the death of africa and in my opinion one of the ways the west likes to control africa and by the sounds of it anti hunters as well. Countries that closed hunting : Angola , Zaire , Ethiopia , Uganda, etc experienced horrific declines from 1989. Knowing that the veteran will probably be in a wheelchair, they’re going to have to create a beefed-up wheelchair device that can go anywhere. They replace the tires with off-road versions, and they begin to build an electric ramp for Phil’s wheelchair to drive into the vehicle. But this episode of building a boar buggy (love these hillbilly names!) for disabled veteran Philip La Bonte brought me to tears. The old hunting companies hired minimally; now instead of 10 or 12 jobs in these areas there are 180 people employed full time just in this one reserve. When one is killed, the remaining male is left vulnerable to attack, and is most often ousted by marauding males. I have no idea how anyone could sell a safari for the first week in August 2016 and know that they could be called in to help solve a cattle-raiding problem during that week.
There is little to no conservation, other than general land management practices, being conducted on these farms. Both are conglomerations of private land under direct conservation management for the benefit of eco or photographic tourism.
My question is, where will the money come from to conserve the land that is currently used for trophy hunting if it gets banned tomorrow? Surely this type of game ranching is strengthening the gene pool, particularly for those endangered animals. With the protection of private game reserves nearly nonexistent, once abundant wildlife began dying off, hunted by desperate farmers with no other options for sustenance.
But it is impossible to have that debate while the world brays for the ruin of a lone Minnesotan dentist, and fails to criticize a regime whose policies were responsible for the almost complete extinction of Zimbabwean wildlife in the first place. Soon there will be no forest and a the Pygmy people will loose their entire lively hood because some fat Englishman or Frenchman, ( the very same people that are shouting their mouths off about a lion ) wants an African mahogany dining room table.
The hunting fraternity’s feeble arguments and their pathetic attempts to justify their lust to kill our wildlife are becoming more apparent to the ever-awakening world, all thanks to social media platforms and the internet. This the age that we reform and shift our ways of the past, and that the trophies to be hunted or gotten are that of successful conservation efforts for nature and wildlife and for working towards world peace. We will also work with local people in the surrounding region, initiate community-based programs that they can benefit from, and strengthen their support for conservation”, Charu Mishra says.
Thomson has pointed out that by the turn of the century Africa’s human population increase and the subsequent fight to survive will make all our arguments null and void is the true reality.
Lindsay and partners would rather the elephants die from starvation disease etc than one be harvested as part of a sustainable and community uplifting program. Islands of conservation found in most of Africa are neither viable or sustainable hence the rapid declines in wildlife populations throughout the continent . They have recognised that ecosystems with even moderately intact trophic levels are resilient and dynamic, not the constant gardens that managers used to hold as a stone-written certainty — and sadly, it seems, hunters and some film makers still cling to. Martin and Jenkins were seen together in Zimbabwe last year making these devious and highly unethical plans that today have the world in uproar. Finally, they design an elevator that will raise a platform – so the cart literally becomes a mobile hunting platform. The Rednecks give him a brief tutorial on the controls… then Philip La Bonte drives forward on his camo-covered mobile hunting vehicle. I AM THE CHAIR-PERSON OF OUR VETERANS COMMITTEE.NOTHING WAS IN OUR PLANT TO EVEN LET PEOPLE KNOW WE HAVE VETS IN OUR PLANT , SO , I TOOK IT UPON MYSELF TO GET IT DONE,LONG STORY SHORT , I WISH I COULD MEET THE YOUNG MAN IN THIS EPISODE.MY HEART GOES OUT TO OUR MILITARY MEN AND WOMAN ,SO WHEN THIS STORY AIRED , WOW ! One involves no great celebration of death, one ends in high fives and alcohol celebrations and often some blooding rituals.
Besides that, if a 13-year-old Kenyan boy can come up with the ideal anti-lion device for cattle at night (random flashing solar-powered LED lights) then we surely don’t need guns to solve this issue. As compassionate human beings the world population has now stated enough is enough and Cecil was only the tip of the iceberg as the world now realises if we continue murdering our wild life to the point of extinction – the only place we will be able to see these animals will be in a Zoo or a Safari Park. Psychopaths are also not good at detecting fear in the faces of other people (Blair et al., 2004). In many cases the owners of these farms do not rely on them for income, as they have primary businesses elsewhere. Some hunting is still allowed in the Timbavati, with supposedly a proportion of the funds raised being ploughed back into the management of the reserve.
As Dereck so rightly points out, a tiny fragment of hunting revenue trickles down to impoverished communities. If hunting is banned tomorrow who will spend the time, care, money and energy to breed endangered (and non-endangered) animals? Along with these evil loggers come the poachers that are shipped into the forest by the logging trucks. It is only a matter of time now that the world’s public will rally together as one loud voice and together we will squash this despicable bloodthirsty industry under giant foot like the slimy cockroach it is. And since it’s a hunting vehicle, it will have to be silent, which will require electric motors. Many of these farms were once used to raise cattle as well as the odd impala, which, during South Africa’s hunting season (winter months) were taken off for the pot.
However, there is mounting pressure from international tourists to cease hunting activities on the reserve as it is extremely difficult for viable photographic destinations to thrive alongside sport hunting, due to the fact that animals become skittish and difficult to view when hunting is taking place.
Hunting seems to be the only industry putting real monetary value on animals, and it is sustainable.
These poachers kill animals, duikers, monkeys, gorillas, Bongo, dwarf buffalo and elephant, that equate to over one million tons of meat per year being exported out of the forest. While the boys begin designing the device, Daddy contacts Hope For the Warriors – a nonprofit that helps veterans wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan.
We find certain types of unethical actions disgusting, and this work to keep us from engaging in them and makes us express disapproval of them. In addition, tourists who have paid big bucks to come to a luxury safari lodge and view the Big Five in their natural habitat do not want to support destinations where the same Big Five may be shot by the Walter Palmers of the world. Daddy puts in a call to Philip LaBonte, an Army veteran who lost both legs and an eye in Iraq. As the Law of Karma states Palmer who murdered Cecil will suffer the consequences of his own actions and I personally do not feel sorry for him one iota.
But psychopaths have extremely high thresholds for disgust, as measured by their reactions when shown disgusting photos of mutilated faces and when exposed to foul odors.
They bring in lion, rhino and elephant where there is demand for it, buying these animals at game auctions across the country, or, in the case of lions, directly from predator breeding farms where they have been hand-reared deliberately for the bullet. He was an avid hunter and outdoorsman before his disabilities.  Daddy promises him that he’s gonna try to help him get back in to the woods. The killing of Cecil although it has been a tragic event has not been in vain as Cecil has now became the campaign mascot to banned all trophy and canned hunting, Hopefully it will not be only Palmer that is brought to justice but all trophy and canned hunters will be named and shamed and be given the justice they deserve whether be a prison sentence or lost of employment or been ostracised by society.
LOCAL 724 LANSING MICHIGAN , CHAIR , VETERANS COMMITTEE,RECREATION COMMITTEE , SARGENT AT ARMS ,EDUCATION COMMITTEE. With all the capital these trophy hunters have would it not be logical for them to make an donation to animal conservation or would this be too moral or humane for them to participate in such a cause.

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