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Unearthing more than 1200 early hominin fossil elements in November 2013, the Rising Star Expedition produced more material than one scientist or traditional paleoanthropological team could process in several years.
That inspired project leader Lee Berger and his collaborators come up with a different way of handling this find. The University of the Witwatersrand, through the Centre of Excellence in PalaeoSciences and the Evolutionary Studies Institute will be holding a unique workshop to study and describe recently discovered fossil early hominin material for a series of high impact publications. It is intended that the Workshop will be held in South Africa from early May until the first week of June 2014.
We are seeking early career scientists with data and skill sets applicable to the study of any part of the anatomy of early hominins. The intent of the workshop is to give a unique opportunity to early career scientists to participate in the primary description of African early hominin material. Selection will be by a senior panel of scientists and associates of the University of the Witwatersrand. Two years after being discovered deep in a South African cave, the 1,500 fossils excavated during the Rising Star Expedition have been identified as belonging to a previously unknown early human relative that National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Lee Berger and team have named Homo naledi. With at least 15 individuals of all ages and both sexes represented, the find adds an unprecedented amount of information to our understanding of early human evolution in Africa. In addition, the absence of any other animal remains or large debris in the fossil chamber strongly suggests that these non-human beings intentionally deposited their dead within this cave.
New to the Story?Read All Posts in Order: Get brought up to speed by starting from the top, and watch the discovery unfold as it happened in the field. Read a full account of naledi's discovery and analysis in the October National Geographic magazine, available on print newsstands September 29, 2015, and online now. The Homo naledi finds are described scientifically in two papers published in the journal eLife. This project has been supported in part by the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, where Lee Berger is Research Professor in Human Evolution and the Public Understanding of Science. Funding for the expedition and workshop to analyze the fossils also came from the South African National Research Foundation, and the National Geographic Society, where Lee Berger is an Explorer-in-Residence. Ongoing exploration and conservation of the Rising Star site is supported by the Lyda Hill Foundation.
Exploration Topics: Discover new faces and famous figures working with animals, the ancient world, photography, and more. The Amazon Basin in the north and the Paraguay River Basin in the south would become Atlantic inlets, wiping out Buenos Aires, coastal Uruguay, and most of Paraguay. Compared with other continents, Africa would lose less of its land to the ultimate sea-level catastrophe, but Earth’s rising heat might make much of it uninhabitable. Land now inhabited by 600 million Chinese would flood, as would all of Bangladesh, population 160 million, and much of coastal India. Predominantly desert, the continent would gain a new inland sea—but it would lose much of the narrow coastal strip where four out of five Australians now live.
Like the Greenland ice sheet, the West Antarctic one was apparently much smaller during earlier warm periods.
The last time Earth was free of ice was more than 34 million years ago, in the Eocene epoch.
In Manhattan, Sandy’s surging tide knocked out a Con Ed substation, darkening the city below Midtown. After a long day of organizing relief efforts, Brandon d’Leo, a surfer and sculptor, rests in his candlelit apartment in the Rockaway Beach neighborhood of Queens, New York. Go behind-the-scenes with our storytellers and join conversations about photography, art, and journalism. Thanks to rising seas brought on by global warming, New Yorkers can count on a very wet, deadly, and expensive future. Sea levels are forecast to rise by as much as six feet before the end of the century, making low lying cities like New York all but defenseless to the wrath of powerful storms. In its September issue, National Geographic spoke with several experts who proposed ways to try and protect the city. Unfortunately, over the past decade, scientific projections on sea level rise have grown rapidly as more data on climate change has continued to be analyzed. Mayor Michael Bloomberg has proposed that the city spend $19.5 billion to mount a defense against rising seas, roughly the same amount New York faced in losses as a result of Hurricane Sandy (43 people died in the city because of the storm). Whether the mayor’s plan will be embraced before he leaves office, or will be championed by his successor, remains to be seen. In the absence of bold new measures, including the construction of massive storm surge barriers, the financial toll the city faces from rising sea levels in the not too distant future is more than a little daunting.
A new study by Nature Climate Change estimates that New York City faces about $2 billion in annual losses from flooding in 2050. See a giant, ship-mounted hydraulic lift hoist live great white sharks out of the ocean, offering unprecedented research opportunities.


On the shark elevator, lead expedition scientist Michael Domeier takes a blood sample from a great white shark off Mexico's Guadalupe Island in 2008.Tests of the sharks' sex-hormone levels could reveal whether the annual great white gathering to feast on seals around Guadalupe Island doubles as a mating opportunity. Extinct in Stockholm less than a century ago, the rebounding rodent is damaging the city's treesa€”and at the same time charming locals. Peek at Jupiter through binoculars and you should also see its icy moon Europa, thought to host a global ocean that may support life.
Spewing ash and smoke some 30 stories above the sea, a submarine volcano erupting off Japan could eventually form a new island. Erupting from an undersea volcano some 745 miles south of Tokyo, smoke and ash rise roughly 30 stories into the air in this image captured by a Japan Coast Guard helicopter on February 3, 2010.The helicopter's mother ship, Yashima, was on a routine patrol when the Fukutoku-Okanoba volcano exploded.
The February 3 submarine-volcano eruption took place about 3 miles (4.8 kilometers) north-northeast of volcanic South Iwo Jima (pictured). Excavated from the grave site of the first Chinese emperor, Qin Shi Huang Di, a terra-cotta statue may have held a pole used by an acrobat.
Like a painting filled with delicate brushstrokes, the giant star-forming nebula Sh2-239 lights up the celestial canvas in this Deep Space category award-winning image.Sitting only 453 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus, Sh2-239 is one of the nearest stellar factories to Earth. The silhouettes of onlookers stand framed in front of the yellow glow of the rising full moon on March 28, 2013, as seen from Mount Victoria Lookout in Wellington, New Zealand.A rising or setting full moon regularly appears to change its familiar silvery color to a more yellow-orange hue due to its light refracting off countless A dust particles in Earth's atmosphere. The scorching hot outer atmosphere of the suna€”known as the coronaa€”pops into view solely during the fleeting moments of a solar eclipse, as seen here in this award-winning composite photo taken in Australia during the totality on November 14, 2012.The above image is a combination of 81 individual exposures. AA glowing green vortex-shaped aurora lights up the snowy mountains near GrA?tfjord in Norway on March 20, 2013.As clouds of charged particles fling themselves off the sun and hit Earth's protective magnetic field, geomagnetic storms can form near the poles of our planet, generating glowing sheets and aurora curtains in the upper atmosphere. Islands of sunspotsa€”each one bigger in size than Eartha€”appear to float in a sea of hot plasma on the sun's surface, in this dramatically detailed image captured on July 11, 2012. A magnificent cosmic burst of meteors is captured in this composite image from south-central Wyoming's Medicine Bow National Forest in August 2012, during the peak of the Perseid shower.Astrophotographer David Kingham managed to capture nature's best fireworks show by collecting 23 individual 30-second-long exposures, all of them taken over the seven hours of a single night session. Dusky brown dust lanes cross the star-studded core of our Milky Way galaxy in this mesmerizing portrait taken on July 15, 2012, by 14-year-old Jacob Marchio from the USA.In this breathtaking cosmic vista, the central bulge of the Milky Waya€”obscured by the dark rifts of dust seen herea€”is located some 26,000 light-years from Earth. This spectacular composite photo of the May 9 annular solar eclipse above Western Australia brilliantly shows the progress of the moon's shadow as it crosses the disk of the sun. A new map shows how abnormally warm waters have damaged the iconic reefa€”and it isna€™t pretty. Parks, green roofs, and urban trees all welcome animals, but people have to learn how to share their living space, experts say. A two-million-dollar rodent eradication program flopped in the South Pacific, and now scientists think they know why.
December 16, 2015 - Lennox Island is a small but culturally rich coastal community in Prince Edward Island, Canada, that is seeing the negative impact of climate change and sea-level rise.
DAVID HALEY, LENNOX ISLAND DEVELOPMENT COPORATION PROPERTY MANAGER, LENNOX ISLAND, PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CANADA:Wea€™re having constant wash-outs. Believing that there are likely to be other big hominid discoveries in the coming years, they want the people who will be leaders in the future to get used to handling large amounts of fossils now.
Participants must be willing to share these data and skills in a collaborative workshop designed to study, describe and publish these important hominin fossils. Interested applicants should submit their CV’s, a brief summary of their skills or data sets that would be applicable to such a project (not to exceed 1500 words), and provide three letters of support from established scientists in the field. If we continue adding carbon to the atmosphere, we’ll very likely create an ice-free planet, with an average temperature of perhaps 80 degrees Fahrenheit instead of the current 58.
In California, San Francisco's hills would become a cluster of islands and the Central Valley a giant bay.
The inundation of the Mekong Delta would leave Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains stranded as an island. It's vulnerable because most of it sits on bedrock that's below sea level.The warming ocean is melting the floating ice sheet itself from below, causing it to collapse. There are more than five million cubic miles of it, and no one really knows how long it would take to melt it all. It was no longer a hurricane—but it was a thousand miles wide, with 80-mile-an-hour winds that drove the sea onto the coast in lethal surges.
Private generators provided some light, including the blue glow of the new World Trade Center, whose base is three feet above sea level.
Like many of his neighbors, d’Leo lost electricity for a few days—and heat and hot water for more than two months—after Sandy pounded the community.
Army Corps of Engineers show that much of the five boroughs will be submerged if another strong hurricane hits New York in the year 2100.
Army Corps of Engineers, if a storm equivalent in strength to Hurricane Sandy were to hit the five boroughs in the year 2100, vastly larger swaths of the city would be submerged. During a 2008 expedition, a great white shark swims into position for its first elevator ride in a scene from the new National Geographic Channel documentary series Expedition Great White, premiering Sunday at 9 p.m.


Inappropriate handling can result in damage to internal organs."Expedition Great White lead scientist Michael Domeier said he had similar concerns. The island is part of Japan's Bonin Islands, which also include famous World War II battle site of Iwo Jima, some 37 miles (60 kilometers) north of South Iwo Jima.During previous Fukutoku-Okanoba eruptions, lava has broken the sea surface, creating islandsa€”the same basic process that created the Hawaiian Islands.
The armor and helmet together weighed more than 45 pounds (20 kilograms) and were purely ceremonial, not worn in battle. They have been digitally stacked together and enhanced to bring out the solar corona's filaments and waves, which resemble ghostly tentacles reaching out into the overhead sky.
Dominating the foreground of the picture is a rich star-field home to countless nebulae and star clusters scattered through the plane of our galaxy.
The passage produces the famous "ring of fire" effect seen in such events, where the width of the moon as seen from Earth doesn't completely cover the sun during an otherwise total eclipse. Home to Mi'kmaq (pronounced MIG-maw) First Nations people, the island faces flooding and land erosion that threaten both homes and the roads that connect the residents to the mainland. Successful applicants will have all travel and accommodation costs covered, be given access to existing comparative fossils, modern material and all data sets and receive mentoring throughout the process from senior established scientists. Successful applicants will be informed on an ad-hoc basis of the success of their application at any time up and to the commencement of the workshop.
But the planet slowly cooled as carbon dioxide rained from the air and was locked up in seafloor sediments. In a draft of this year’s report, the final version of which is to be released this fall, the IPCC revised that outlook to a maximum of six feet. To address them, "we started with small sharks and gradually worked our way up to larger ones," he said.
Platoons of clay soldiers were buried with Qin Shi Huang Di to accompany him during his eternal rest.
Also at risk are several archaeological sites that hold vital artifacts from the Mi'kmaq's aboriginal ancestors. Successful applicants will also qualify for formal associate status of the National Centre of Excellence and the Institute. Continental ice sheets formed first in Antarctica, but over the past few million years they’ve repeatedly surged across northern continents too.
Able to lift 37 tons, the hydraulic lift had never been used on a marine animal before the great white studiesa€”conducted aboard the research vessel Oceana€”began in 2007. The longtime residents of Lennox Island are doing their best to mitigate the effects of climate change but fear that eventually they'll lose their houses to the rising waters.Learn more about the community on Lennox Island and how they are coping with climate change. And they say therea€™s no climate change?When I first came to live here, we had children out playing baseball in the front yard. Thousands of years from now, in this catastrophic scenario, the Netherlands will have long since surrendered to the sea, and most of Denmark will be gone too. Originally used to lift a power yacht on and off the 126-foot (38-meter) ship, the elevator was retrofitted with substantial railings to haul SUV-size great whites from waters off Mexico's Guadalupe Island (map) for study.
Meanwhile, the Mediterranean's expanding waters will also have swelled the Black and Caspian Seas. Ia€™m 36 now and looking back I was about 8 or 9 when all these areas were a lot bigger.Over by our church there used by a church where we played tackle football.
That field was further out towards the bay, a good 25, 30 feet further out when I was growing up.
But before you know it, it will be just right up to the house at this rate anyway.If it keeps going the rate it is I cana€™t imagine being here for the next 30 years. DON JARDINE, CLIMATE RESEARCH LAB, UNIVERSITY OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CHARLOTTETOWN, PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CANDA:Well, wea€™ve done some coastal vulnerability studies of Lennox Island. Therea€™s also their powwow, or sacred grounds, where they had some flooding there as well.We first discovered three archaeological sites in Hog Island.
The sites that have been identified on the island show the mobility of aboriginal people with artifacts and materials coming from places as far as Northern Labrador, Cape Breton and the Bay of Fundy. And it was clear that all of the sites have been subject to erosion and quite heavy weathering. DAVID HALEY, LENNOX ISLAND DEVELOPMENT COPORATION PROPERTY MANAGER, LENNOX ISLAND, PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, CANADA:Ita€™s not good.
When talking to some of the elders theya€™re fearful because this was their home and their home is being slowly eroded away.



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