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Flash floods involve a rapid rise of water that can develop quickly, within minutes to hours of the onset of heavy rain. Flooding can occur more quickly in urban areas as more runoff is created in developed urbanized areas with less green space available.
Heavy rainfall falling over a widespread area (such as a large portion of a watershed) over a prolonged period (like several days) can cause river flooding.
Flash Flood Warning implied flash flooding is reported or is imminent in the areas specified in the warning. Flooding of streets, low-lying areas like underpasses and storm drains, and small streams is expected. August 16, 2007 Tropical Storm Erin made landfall along the middle Texas coast around the Port Aransas area. June 19, 2006 Some water rescues occured with this flash flood event that brought flood waters from 2 to 8 inches to as high as 18 to 20 inches into homes along area bayous and creeks. June 8-9, 2001 Tropical Storm Allison devastated a large portion of Southeast Texas with an incredible amount of rain as she meandered around Southeast Texas for over five days.
September 11,1998 Tropical Storm Frances made landfall along the upper Texas coast on September 11th. October 17-21, 1994 The October 1994 Floods were perhaps the worst floods to impact southeast Texas on record. Keep NOAA Weather Radio, battery-powered portable radio, emergency cooking equipment, and flashlights in working order. Keep updated with the latest warnings, watches, advisories, and statements issued by the National Weather Service and be prepared to take action as necessary. Assist hospitals and other operations which are critically affected by power failure by arranging for auxiliary power supplies.
Children should never play around storm drains, creeks, streams, or rivers, or in flooded streets. Putting Together A Basic Disaster Survival Kit Navigation Preparation Ready Are You Ready For Anything? A natural disaster, such as a Bay Area earthquake can happen without any warning and leave people with little time to respond.
Gather at least a three to four day supply of non-perishable food, ready to eat meals, fruit and vegetables for the disaster supply kit. Make sure to include items of sanitation in the disaster supply kit for everyone in your household. Keep important documents such as bank account information, birth certificates and other family documents, wills, titles, deeds, etc. By being prepared and having a plan for your family in case of a disaster, you will be able to evacuate quickly if necessary, remove some of the stress a disaster can cause for your family, and ensure that you have what you need to survive should a disaster strike your area. Reach out to the author: contact and available social following information is listed in the top-right of all news releases.
Typically, river flooding begins as a high crest on the upper part of a watershed that takes several days to move downstream.
This usually means heavy rainfall is expected, especially following a period of wet weather when soils are saturated.
Take immediate precautions to protect yourself, most importantly be certain not to drive through flooded areas. This is similar to the Areal Flood Warning described above except the warning applies to a point along a river rather than a general area.
Tropical systems during the summer and early fall, and strong winter storm systems can cause widespread flooding and flash flooding across the area. A southeast to northwest feeder band developed from Katy to the western end of Galveston Island in the morning and moved slowly eastward to a line from Clear Lake to Humble by late in the afternoon.
Sections of Sims, Halls and Hunting Bayous along with parts of Vogel and White Oak Creeks experienced significant flooding.


Between the 5th and the 10th, much of Houston and the surrounding areas to the north, east and south received between 15 and 35 inches of rain which caused devastating flooding and flash flooding.
As the storm moved inland, widespread heavy rainfall occurred in the Houston metropolitan area.
This is very important as flood waters will contaminate the drinking water supply in your area.
Gathering supplies in advance and being prepared can help your family cope and endure evacuation or confinement at home with no power, phone or water until local relief crews can reach the area. Water can be stored in any plastic container such as empty soda bottles or milk containers. Be sure to include any special foods needed for infants, elderly or someone with a special diet. This includes items such as toilet paper, feminine supplies, soap, toothpaste and a set of new unopened toothbrushes, disinfectant, and plastic garbage bags. The San Jose American Heart Association provides CPR & First-aid Training Courses in Santa Clara County.
Due to the slow nature of river flooding, ample advanced warning is provided to evacuate people or property in the path of the flooding. Flash flooding can also be produced by strong slow-moving thunderstorms especially during the spring and summer months. Training of cells along this line combined with rainfall rates upwards of 4 to 5 inches per hour resulting in major street flooding and minor flooding of several bayous in Harris County. The Washburn Tunnel was flooded and impassable while Interstate 10 at federal Streets bypass was under water. The largest amount fell over a 6 to 12 hour period on the 8th and 9th resulting in 22 deaths in the Houston area. Liberty recorded 30 inches of rainfall in less than 48 hours, and much of the city went underwater due to a failed levee system. You need to be sure that you have at least one gallon for each person in your home per day.
You also need to ensure that you pack at least two changes of clothing and underwear for each person in your family, along with bedding for everyone. These documents are very important because they are so hard to replace and you may need them in a case of emergency or disaster where you have to evacuate quickly. You can buy first-aid kits at most major department stores or easily assemble one on your own. Prevent Carbon Monoxide PoisoningCarbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas that can cause sudden illness and death if you breathe it. Usually, less warning lead time is provided for flash flooding so quick action and decision making may be required. Flood waters can fill streets, freeway underpasses, and parking lots and can sweep away cars. If the flooding is more gradual based on a longer period of rain, the areal flood warning may be used. Flooding and flash flooding can occur anywhere in southeast Texas, but is usually most severe near major watersheds like the Colorado, Brazos, San Jacinto or Trinity Rivers, and near urban areas like the Houston metropolitan area.
Widespread major street flooding occurred throughout the afternoon across the eastern half of Harris county with SH 288 impassable near the 610 south loop, I-10 east closed at Wayside, and numerous secondary roads closed along I-45 S, SH 225, and I-10 E. Approximately 3,370 homes were flooded in the Interstate 10 and Beltway 610 vicinity (Belfort an Telephone Roads).
More than 48000 homes were damaged (11000 with major damage and 3600 completely destroyed). Frances caused extensive flooding along White Oak Bayou and flooded several major roads and freeways in the Houston area. Flooding of homes and businesses occurred in the La Porte area where some structures were inundated with more than a foot of water.


Several major highways into and out of Houston were flooded including I-45 north of Houston and US 59 northeast of Houston. But besides owning a First-aid kit, a first responder should know what to do with all the supplies. Clean Up Safely After FloodsTo prevent illness, disinfect and dry buildings and items in them. Four fuel pipelines ruptured on the San Jacinto River, causing a massive fuel spill and widespread fires.
This will prevent growth of some bacteria, viruses, mold, and mildew that can cause illness.For more information, see Flood Water After a Disaster or Emergency.
An estimated 22,000 homes were flooded across southeast Texas during this event, with $900 million in damage reported. Keep Food and Drinking Water SafeFood may not be safe to eat during and after an emergency.
Allison ended up being the costliest tropical storm ever (>$5 billion) for the state of Texas and for the United States. Water may not be safe for cooking.Water may not be safe to drink, clean with, or bathe in after an emergency, such as a hurricane or flood. During and after a disaster, water can become contaminated with microorganisms (for example, bacteria), sewage, agricultural or industrial waste, chemicals, and other substances that can cause illness or death.Listen to and follow public announcements.
Local authorities will tell you if water is safe to drink or to use for cooking or bathing.
Wash Your HandsAlways wash your hands with soap and boiled or disinfected water before preparing or eating food, after toilet use, after participating in cleanup activities, and after handling articles contaminated by floodwater or sewage. Infectious DiseaseShort bouts of diarrhea and upset stomach and colds or other breathing diseases sometimes occur in developed countries, such as the United States, after a natural disaster, particularly among large groups of people in a shelter. ImmunizationsFor information on immunizations for evacuees, relief workers, emergency responders and travelers, see Immunization After a Natural Disaster. Some sleeplessness, anxiety, anger, hyperactivity, mild depression, or lethargy are normal and may go away with time.
Encourage your child to express feelings and thoughts, without making judgments.For additional resources, see Coping With a Disaster or Traumatic Event. Avoid MosquitoesRain and flooding in a hurricane area may lead to an increase in mosquitoes, which can carry diseases like West Nile virus. In most cases, the mosquitoes will be pests but will not carry communicable diseases.To protect yourself from mosquitoes, use screens on dwellings, and wear long pants, socks, and long-sleeved shirts and use insect repellents that contain DEET or Picaridin. More information about these and other recommended repellents can be found in the fact sheet Updated Information Regarding Insect Repellents.To control mosquito populations, drain all standing water left in open containers, such as flower pots, tires, pet dishes, or buckets, outside your home.
Prevent Illness from SewageIf there is flooding along with a hurricane, the waters may contain fecal material from overflowing sewage systems and agricultural and industrial waste. Although skin contact with floodwater does not, by itself, pose a serious health risk, there is risk of disease from eating or drinking anything contaminated with floodwater.If there has been a backflow of sewage into your house, wear rubber boots and waterproof gloves during cleanup. Some toys, such as stuffed animals and baby toys, cannot be disinfected; they should be discarded. Prevent or Treat WoundsImmediately clean out all open wounds and cuts with soap and clean water. Keep wounds covered with clean, dry bandages that are large enough to cover the wound and contain any pus or drainage.
If a wound gets red, swells, or drains, seek immediate medical attention.Avoid wild or stray animals. If you are bitten by a snake, try to identify it, so that if it is poisonous, you can be given the correct anti-venom.



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