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Receive accurate, sophisticated insight into the international steam and coking coal markets. Table Comparing Current Home Heating Costs for Oil, Gas, Electricity, Firewood, coal, natural gas, propane, kerosene, heat pumps in the U.S. We provide tables listing current costs of various building heating fuels, historical heating fuel costs, including heating costs for coal and propane heaters, efficiency of different types of heating equipment, other costs associated with each type of heating system, and links to articles on how to reduce heating costs. We also include formulas to adjust our current heating cost calculations to local prices in your area, and we provide links to energy cost sources, predictions of changes in energy costs, and to articles explaining how to save on home heating costs through heating system adjustments and service, insulation, stopping drafts, etc. Readers can use these updated fuel prices to re-calculate numbers in other heating fuel costs discussed in detail in the article below. By January 2012, the price of home heating oil had risen well above the price of natural gas as a heating fuel, though it remaind below the price of propane (LP gas). The projected increases primarily reflect higher prices, although colder weather than last winter will also contribute to higher fuel use in many areas. Below beginning at Table 1 we give Comparisons of Current vs Previous Home Heating Costs per BTUh by Fuel Type in the United States. The heat content of a gallon of home heating oil, a cubic foot of natural gas, and a cubic foot of firewood are compared in Carson Dunlop's sketch. To make sense of these numbers we also need to include an estimate of the relative costs of these fuels [see table below] - with the warning that energy costs vary widely by geographic area, using firewood is a bad idea in some areas where wood is not plentiful nor renewable, and energy content and efficiency of heating appliances can vary widely too. The efficiency of delivery of heat into the living area of a building varies widely depending on the heating equipment and heat distribution system design.
Variations in the efficiency of the heating system in use as a function of outdoor or indoor conditions. In comparing heating fuel costs Spies noted that we have to assume that we are comparing homes operating under the idential conditions. See HEAT LOSS in BUILDINGS to consider the effects of building heat loss rate on home heating costs. See HEATING COST SAVINGS METHODS for expert advice on how to significantly reduce your home heating costs. If changing from one heating fuel to another means you also have to install new heating equipment, fuel storage tanks, piping, heat distribution pipes or ducts, or perhaps build a chimney for a new woodstove, then be sure to consider the cost of those items when comparing heating fuel costs. Our calculations and formulas are shown below so that readers can plug in local fuel costs to calculate local cost per 1000 BTUs of energy for their building. It's inaccurate to only compare heating fuel costs if you want to know how much it may cost to heat your building among alternative fuels.
1 million BTUs of natural gas is provided by about 971 cubic feet, or roughly 1 thousand BTUs of natural gas is provided by 1 cubic foot.
250 CCF of natural gas contains about the same BTUs as 190 gallons of No.2 home heating oil. Assuming xx-sized coal for use in coal stoves used as interior heat source, not coal fired furnaces or boilers which use pea coal. Efficiency warning: this table does not (yet) reflect the differences in efficiency of various types of heating equipment, nor do we reflect the enormous differences among buildings insulation and draft proofing condition, nor differences in the set temperatures to which people adjust their thermostats.
A BTU (British Thermal Unit) is a measure of heat energy defined as the quantity of heat that would be required to increase the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. Contact Us by email to suggest content additions or corrections to this table comparing building heating fuel costs. The basic cost of heating fuel per BTU is not enough data to determine the most cost efficient way to heat a home because even with a lower-cost fuel in hand, if the efficiency of the heating equipment is low you may be sending a high portion, up to 50%, of your heating fuel dollars up the chimney instead of into the building. For example, because an indoor kerosene heater requires extra combustion air to avoid potentially fatal carbon monoxide hazards, some folks tried increasing the safety of their heater by leaving a window open. If a heating appliance were 100% efficient, 100% of the heat energy in a given unit of heating fuel would be extracted by the heater and delivered to the heat distribution system (hot water baseboards, radiators, warm air supply ducts, electric heating baseboards).

Where a heat pump is used to provide part of the building's heat requirements, the efficiency of the air-to-air heat pump will be less at lower temperatures. Building air leaks and insulation defects: we assume that this value is constant when comparing heating fuel costs. Heating equipment life expectancy or durability of different types of heating equipment; longer-lived equipment provides a longer payback period before it has to be replaced. Heating distribution system efficiency differences, which vary by type of distribution (hot water, warm air, electric baseboard) and also by the condition of the system (leaks in a hot air duct, hot water heating pipes routed through cold spaces). Heating fuel source choice alternatives among suppliers which varies by fuel and geographic area, i.e. Heating system comfort: opinions vary among occupants who may prefer hot water heat, steam heat, warm air heat, radiant heat, etc. Air Duct Systems for Heating & Cooling - Make sure your warm air ducts are properly installed, not crimped, leaky, missing insulation, or contaminated. Exxon CEO Rex Wilson (quoted in Newsweek Magazine, October 2010), provided a nicely succinct history of estimates of United States oil and natural gas reserves and usage from 1979 to the present.
Here is a different view of oil and gas reserves, showing downwards, not upwards estimates, dramatically different from the picture one might take from Mr. Continue reading at ENERGY SAVINGS PRIORITIES or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Questions & answers or comments about comparable costs of different types of heating fuels. John Cranor is an ASHI member and a home inspector (The House Whisperer) is located in Glen Allen, VA 23060.
Thanks to Rob Stabile for correcting our firewood cost estimates and for suggesting the addition of the cost and BTUs in liquid propane gas and pellet fuel. Thanks to a reader who wishes to remain anonymous for correcting our numbers on the cubic feet in a face cord of firewood.
Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. World petroleum use sets record high in 2012 despite declines in North America and Europe - Today in Energy - U.S.
Petroleum & Other LiquidsCrude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural GasExploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. ElectricitySales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.
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InternationalInternational energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Further detail on the outlook for petroleum consumption can be found in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook, International Energy Outlook 2013, and Annual Energy Outlook 2013. We have detected that you are using an Internet Explorer browser that is not fully compatible with this site. Welcome home to comfortable, inviting light with 60-watt light bulb replacements a€” or 1050 to 1958 lumens.
Light up the night with an inviting, comfortable appeal that adds a measure of security too. Choose welcoming light in table lamps and enclosed fixtures for family time and entertaining. The look and the inviting quality of light to accentuate a comforting environment a€“ in options that are comfortable to your budget. Access news, pricing, financial and operational data through SNL's Web- and Excel-based platforms. Argus produces, jointly with McCloskey Coal, the API Series, which are standard industry benchmarks .
Argus covers daily assessments of electricity forwards at 28 locations, including all the major electricity hubs and relevant trading locations in North America. With a century of business experience, Platts serves customers across more than 150 countries. Every week, Global Power Report will keep you up to speed on new opportunities, market challenges and the activities of your competition. Our global network of correspondents keeps you on top of industry restructuring, legislative and regulatory developments, mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, diversification, privatizations, as well as key corporate and management strategies. For homes in the Northeastern United States for the winter of 2011-2012, the New York Times reported that the average winter heating cost for a home would be a summarized in our list below. During 2008, the cost of natural gas and coal for electric utilities is projected to be 36 percent higher and 12 percent higher, respectively, than last year.

If 50 % of the heat produced by a fuel we are using goes up the chimney rather than into our building, our heating efficiency is just 50%, and regardless of our fuel cost we are probably spending too much on heat.
For example, attempting to heat an older home with an open fireplace is likely to draw so much fireplace combustion air into the building that the home operates at a net heat loss when operating the fireplace even though right in front of the fireplace we feel warm. When servicing oil heating systems we often found that the efficiency of a dirty, poorly tuned oil boiler or furnace might be as low as 60% or even worse. Where heating fuel cost varies as a function of the volume purchased, one must also use the average purchase price for that individual building - which can be tricky to know when preparing general tables comparing fuel costs. 2 home heating oil, to obtain the heating oil cost per thousand BTUs, we divide 3.71 (cost per gallon) by 140 (thousands of BTUs in a gallon). About a decade later in 1982 debate continued among energy suppliers about whose fuel was most cost-efficient. In 1982 we suggested and currently in 2008 we still recommend that people wanting to save on home heating costs start by making their home properly insulated and sealed against drafts. These efficiency factors were calculated as the percentage of energy extracted from the fuel (compared with the amount of energy in the fuel itself).
What the table and data also do not reflect are efficiency losses in the heating distribution system itself, such as leaky air ducts or improperly routed hot water heating pipes. Spies (1971, 1977) [2] notes that heat pump efficiency when outdoorr air is warm is quite different from at cold temperatures, making its use of electricity more complex. While this is a subjective judgment, differences in opinion will indirectly impact heating cost.
Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator.
The Journal article obtained some of its information from Daniel Brown, an energy consultant from Amenia, N.Y. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. In 2009, Asia surpassed North America as the world's largest petroleum-consuming region as consumption rebounded from its 2008 decline. Petroleum use in North America, which is dominated by consumption in the United States, has declined since 2005. Whether you're entertaining or simply enjoying some family time, count on GE Lighting for a complete line of 60-watt replacement solutions. Market-moving news is delivered online, dynamically filtered to your specific interests.
Argus was founded in 1970 and is a privately held UK-registered company, owned by its employees and the family of its founder. An independent provider, Platts serves the oil, natural gas, electricity, emissions, nuclear power, coal, petrochemical, shipping, and metals markets from 17 offices worldwide. Published every week, Coal Outlook provides in-depth strategic market intelligence that keeps industry executives up-to-date on industry ins and outs-who's buying, who's selling, contract terms, pricing, origin, and delivery. Cost per 1000 BTUs for Home Heating Oil, Natural Gas, Electricity, Firewood, Propane, Pellet Stove Fuel, or Coal. A heating furnace that is 85% efficient is delivering 85 cents of heat into the building for every dollar spent on heating fuel.
But thorough cleaning and tuning of the same system would bring older equipment up to aroudn 78% efficient (a 30% reduction in heating costs) and on newer higher efficiency systems we could see efficiencies in the low 90% range.
Some people tried heating with wood (the author); portable kerosene heaters became popular (and very dangerous when not properly used, leading to fires and deaths).
Oil heating companies argued that electricity was the most costly way to heat a home; electric companies rebutted that heat pumps were efficient. For example if someone feels uncomfortable with a particular type of heating system and fuel they may set their thermostat higher in compensation, thus using more energy than they might with a different delivery system. Also interviewed were coal and oil suppliers and Central Hudson Gas and Electric corporation, all from the Hudson Valley area of New York State. Declines in petroleum consumption in the United States in 2008 and 2009 occurred during the economic downturn.
With GE energy-saving lighting options, you can create a comfy space and save money on energy at the same time. Platts' real-time news, pricing, analytical services and  conferences help markets operate with transparency and efficiency. Cost per thousand BTUs & cost per million BTUs for Home Heating Oil, Natural Gas, Electricity, Firewood, Propane, Pellet Stove Fuel, Coal. Evenness of building temperature and thus comfort can vary by heating system type as well as by how the heating system is used (for example keeping a warm air furnace blower fan on continuously or running it intermittently). Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Traders, risk managers, analysts, and industry leaders depend upon Platts to help them make better trading and investment decisions.
Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home.
Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order.

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