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Relief characteristics of the Limpopo River basin and location of the nine project study areas. Difference from the mean annual runoff recorded at Combomune, Gaza Province, Mozambique, from 1966 to 2003, showing the irregular hydrological regime of the lower Limpopo River.
Difference from the mean annual rainfall recorded at Beitbridge, Matabeleland South Province, Zimbabwe, located on the Limpopo River at the border with South Africa, from 1931 to 1984. Abstract This paper defends the idea that a participatory approach is a suitable method for basin planning integrating both water and land aspects. Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. In recent years a number of experts and specialists, studies and reports have drawn our attention to the great changes taking place on our planet, and the sometimes dramatic consequences these have for man and nature.
Following the example of the international community, local governments have always clearly expressed their solidarity with those affected by disasters. Like other institutions, local governments, due to their close proximity to citizens, have a role to play in raising awareness and consciousness among their populations in order to reduce the risk of disaster. In developing its strategy, each local government takes part in reducing the risk of disaster by putting in place policies that respect the environment and take into account appropriate urban planning, transport schemes, energy efficiency and strategies to prevent climate change, desertification and the greenhouse effect. In an increasingly urbanising world, the concentration of populations living in cities considerably increases the impact of disasters on citizens, as well as on material assets and the economy in general. In many countries, local governments have a legal arsenal at their disposal that allows them to reduce disaster risks, such as town and land use planning. In 2008, during the World Council in Istanbul, our Organization noted and adopted a position on the theme of disaster risk reduction. The United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, which took place in Sendai, Japan, between 14 and 18 March 2015, resulted in a historic agreement by the international community to reduce disaster risk, and recognized local authorities and the local level as essential to achieving this. For the first time, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 recognizes that local authorities have a crucial role to play in disaster risk reduction. The Sendai Declaration of Local Authorities emphasizes the need to connect the Sendai Framework for Action with the fight against poverty, the urban agenda, the fight against climate change and the Post-2015 agenda. From the 13 to 15 February 2013, the city of Arusha, Tanzania, welcomed over 400 participants for the fourth Africa Regional Platform for Disaster and Risk Reduction. The objective of this conference was to evaluate the progress made at national, sub-national and regional level on the implementation of the African Strategy (Hyogo Framework and Programme for Action). UCLG took part in the session on the role of African local governments and resilient cities in facing disasters. In this session, the important role of elected representatives following the evolution of the decentralisation process in several countries was highlighted. New online dialogue as part of the consultations on post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction focussing on the ‘Critical issues and priorities needed to address urban risks and local governance for disaster resilience’ has been launched.
As disaster risks and impacts are always experienced locally first, the opinions and experience of local governments, city managers and partners are important markers to guide future national and global development agendas on DRR. The results of this online dialogue will inform the next version of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), the post-2015 framework for DRR. This dialogue will be professionally facilitated and supports multiple language comments with the help of Google Translate. Abuja (Nigeria) hosted on 13-16 May 2014 the 5th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (AfRP5).

The empowerment of local governments is necessary to effectively tackle climate change and disaster risk reduction, and UCLG’s longstanding position was highlighted during the AfRP5 in Abuja with the intervention of Fatimetou Mint Abdel Malic, President of the African Elected Women Network (REFELA). The 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction will be held in Sendai, Japan, in March 2015. Local and Regional Governments are on the front line in the event of disasters and have an increasingly important role to play in protecting people, property and infrastructure. The assessment of the October – December 2015 short rains was conducted from 1st to 12th February 2016 by the Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG) and its partners.
Most areas of Kenya received above-average short rains,driven in part by the ongoing El Nino.
Disclaimer: All information on this web site are freely distributed as a courtesy to online users. A major challenge in the application of disaster management policies is the fact that those who benefit and those who pay for it are often not the same people.
ReferencesUnited Nations (UN) (2010) Local governments and disaster risk reduction: good practices and lessons learned. JavaScript is currently disabled, this site works much better if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Assertions made are based on scientific literature review and corroborated by field experience and research carried out in the Limpopo River basin, a transboundary river located in southern Africa which is affected by periodical floods. Participatory Approach for Integrated Basin Planning with Focus on Disaster Risk Reduction: The Case of the Limpopo River. It is not so much the disasters that are concerning, but rather their frequency, intensity and the incredible damage to lives and infrastructure that they cause.
All over the world, local governments have mobilized tremendously for the victims of the Tsunami in Asia and the Earthquake in Haiti, for example.
Alongside this function, they can also be at the centre of a scheme for collecting and disseminating information with other partners. Action with regard to social housing and increasing land reserves for society's poorest – apart from those in illegal areas (flood zones, unconstructible areas) – as well as reducing the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations, must also be considered. This was demonstrated by the disasters in Bam, Istanbul, Kobe, Manila, Mexico and New Orleans. They have the possibility to use the principles of precaution and vigilance to anticipate and reduce the risk of disasters. This document reaffirms the commitment of local authorities throughout the world to anticipate and reduce disasters and to act, if necessary, when faced with humanitarian crises.
Strongly represented at the Conference, local and regional authorities showed the world that they are fully engaged in the risk reduction process at all levels.
Representatives from all African national platforms, local elected representatives, international organisation (UN Habitat, WHO, AfDB, GFDRR, UNEP, WFP, UNDP, African Union, etc.), civil society and the media all benefited from an awareness raising session.
Two significant events for Africa: accelerated urbanisation and the increase of the urban population, are considered important elements and are often aggravating as they accentuate the vulnerability and risk in the urban context. UCLG requested African National Platforms to take into consideration the local level and to work in close collaboration with local governments during the drafting of national DRR strategies. Likewise local community institutions such as citizen volunteer groups can be important stakeholders in ensuring mutual accountability and lasting positive change. UCLG participated in the meeting that brought together diverse stakeholders, from national and local governments, regional intergovernmental organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, UN and international agencies, parliamentarians, civil society organizations, the private sector, and the media, to continue discussions towards an African position on a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR).

During her intervention, the President of REFELA highlighted the central role and primary responsibility of local and regional authorities in the implementation of strategies and activities to reduce disaster risk in our territories.
A new Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA2) for the next ten years will be drawn up on this occasion. Therefore, UCLG has an important role in the preparatory work of this conference, particularly in the two Preparatory Committee meetings (PrepCom).
The assessment covered 23 counties classified as arid and semi-arid and highly vulnerable to food insecurity. The providers of this website take no responsibility for erroneous or inaccurate information. This commitment of long-term planning and policies lays the basis to the notion of sustainable development.
The paper explains how a basin strategic plan can be drafted and disaster risk reduction strategies derived by combining different types of activities using a bottom-up approach, despite an institutional context which operates through traditional top-down mechanisms. This solidarity was the first response to urgent and immediate needs (fundraising, transportation of equipment such as water pumps, the collection of medicines, etc.). The central government must consider the role of local governments within national platforms and thus incorporate them within the process of formulating disaster risk reduction policies. Since then, UCLG, with its partners, has carried out concrete actions related to disaster risk reduction, such as training sessions and raising awareness of elected officials and experts in Africa, as well as giving its support to the UNISDR "Resilient Cities" Campaign. Fatimetou expressed the commitment of local and regional authorities to pay attention and importance to increased institutional risk governance in municipalities and to integrate disaster risk reduction in municipal policy and planning. Building on its commitment to help local and regional governments to anticipate and face disasters, UCLG has taken on the role of facilitating the participation of local and regional governments in this process. The first was held in Geneva 15th of July 2014 and the second from the 17th to 18th of November 2014. Although less extensive than previously expected, the Kenya Red Cross Societyreported that the heavy rains resulted in approximately 70 deaths and displaced nearly 50,000 households.
In particular, the “Living with Floods” experience in the lower Limpopo River, in Mozambique, is described as a concrete example of a disaster adaptation measure resulting from a participatory planning exercise. It also fits with a long-term approach, since local governments are involved in the efforts to reconstruct municipal and local infrastructure, such as roads, schools, clinics, markets and transport; and above all to restore public services, so that all activities can function as normal. This may be done in partnership with the central authorities, to better define roles and responsibilities with regard to the risk reduction strategy. In fact, in recent years, this topic has taken on great importance within UCLG, since it is directly linked to the issues of development, climate change and urban planning, among others. All maps, geographic area names, borders and delineations do not reflect official endorsement. In conclusion, the adopted method and obtained results are discussed and recommendations are formulated for potential replication in similar contexts of the developing world.

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