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In this Contingency Plan for Disaster Management in district, basing on past experiences, prevention and mitigation strategy has been developed in Pre, during and Post Disaster days.
DCR [Emergency] (SOP of DCR in Page-), Head of Line Departments, Sub Collectors, ROs, GPUs. Collector, Additional Collector, Sub-Divisional magistrate at Sub Divisional level, Line Deptt.
To reach immediately after abatement of calamity with helping hands for development of confidence among affected people. Meeting Officers of both District level and Field level in every 24 hours to take stock of the situation.
For better coordination and cordial carrying of every kind of relief operation and to ascertain the progress thereof. Triangular linkage between Field, District and State Control Room and other State level Officials for taking further follow up actions on war footing. Phivolcs director Renato Solidum said that preparation is key in case of hazards such as an earthquake.
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Of the 17 LGUs in the NCR only Pasig and Marikina have approved contingency plans for earthquakes and flooding.
MANILA, Philippines — As a country prone to various natural disasters, is your local government prepared for such adversity?
Of the 17 local government units in the National Capital Region (NCR) only Pasig and Marikina have approved contingency plans for earthquakes and flooding.
The other 14 local government units, namely: Quezon City, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela, Makati, Manila, Pasay, Paranaque, Muntinlupa, Taguig and Pateros, have submitted draft contingency plans to the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) but are in the process of having drafts plans reviewed and approved. Las Pinas City, on the other hand, is currently undergoing writeshops toward drafting such a plan.
This might seem like dereliction of duty on the part of local government leaders, but it’s not entirely as simple as that, experts in disaster management point out.
Contingency plans are supposed to provide the kind of response, set of equipments and protocols to be used during a certain disaster, depending on the hazard be it earthquakes, floods, and storms, among others. Contingency plans drafted during writeshops, according to Lagos, are ultimately subject for approval because writeshop participants are typically not the heads of agencies. Even before RA 10121 was enacted, Lagos said, many LGUs already have such plans because of the Contingency Planning Manual during the time of OCD Administrator Glenn Rabonza.
When the West Valley Fault Atlas was released, this meant another round of editing to the already submitted plans.


This can be a hindrance because, barring a few exceptions, Allan Tabell, director of the DILG’s Central Office Disaster Information Center (DILG-Codix) points out that not many politicians are experts in disaster management. In 2013, the DILG gave LGUs an "ultimatum" – comply with the law by June 30, 2015, or face possible "denunciation" by the national government, and appropriate sanctions under the law.
Local officials should be held responsible if damage to life and property becomes insurmountable, Brion told Rappler. Brion says it is important for LGUs to make sure they are prepared and equipped with the right knowledge and skills, and working equipment before tragedy strikes. The local government department, however, appears to have softened its stance on the matter.
A bigger concern, he said, are LGUs outside the NCR as there are regions that have a lot of catching up to do. After they are drafted and approved, contingency plans need to be tested through simulation exercises, Tabell told Rappler.
Once the plans are proven effective, Tabell said stakeholders need to be informed of those and they should take part in succeeding exercises or drills so they know what to do and where to go when disasters strike. Apart from having contingency plans, local governments also need to ensure proper utilization of their local disaster funds.
According to the Philippine DRRM Act of 2010, local governments are supposed to set aside at least 5% of their estimated revenue from regular sources for their disaster management councils. Many local governments focus their efforts on funding response capabilities by buying rescue equipment and rescue teams. Of the local disaster management fund, however, only 30% shall be allocated as Quick Response Fund, while 70% would be used for pre-disaster preparedness and mitigation measures. During the onset of a disaster, the QRF serves as a standby fund for relief and recovery programs.
Pasig City complies with this requirement by allocating big chunk of its local disaster funds to the rehabilitation of drainages, pumping stations, and declogging canals in preparation for the typhoon season. Pasig City DRRMO head Ritchie Van Angeles explains that while improving response capability is essential, funds are actually better spent when used for prevention.
Angeles explains the need to formulate the contingency plan before allocating funds: "Gumagastos kami na i-solve ang problema kasi we all experienced Ondoy.
It is important for stakeholders to know the resources available to their local governments for disaster mitigation and response, says Brion. Flash Flood, Landslide, Fire Accident is some major Natural Calamities, which are experienced in the district very often.
The agency said that it is an upgraded version of the 2010 contingency plan called Oplan Metro Yakal, as it now involves areas outside Metro Manila.The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) said it would now be working with the local government units (LGUs) in Metro Manila in case an earthquake strikes in the region.


LGUs in the National Capital Region constantly update their contingency plan whenever new data on hazards come out.
Contingency plans need to be constantly updated with each new data released, they say, so much so that many local governments are unable to make it to the point where original drafts actually reach approved status.
10121, mandates LGUs to facilitate and support risk assessment and contingency planning at the local level.
They are very tedious to write,” explains Dino Lagos, local government officer at the DILG. When Metro Manila Earthquake Impact Reduction Study (MMEIRS) was released in 2013, the NCR cities were required to once again update their respective plans. Contingency plans eventually require a budgets, which also goes through the same approval process.
This, he said, is precisely why DILG has launched Operation Listo which prescribes minimum levels of preparedness for LGUs. At 'pag may nangyaring disaster at na-kompromiso ang buhay at properties, malaki ang pananagutan ng local officials," he said. Despite the fact that many draft plans have not been approved yet, there have been improvements in compliance and quality of plans among cities in the metropolis since 2013, Tabell acknowledges. It was one of the most affected cities in NCR when Typhoon Ondoy (international name Ketsana) ravaged the country in 2009.
But much remains to be done to get other local governments to reach the same level of preparedness. Disaster officials added that the national government would be involved in future disaster and relief operations in the metro.
The NDRRMC is now partnering with the Australian government and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). CNN and the CNN logo are registered marks of Cable News Network, Inc., displayed with permission.
The aim of the partnerships is to build the disaster response capabilities and preparedness in the metro.Multihazard maps were also distributed to the LGUs present at the event.



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