Radiological emergency preparedness program manual template,zombie tsunami questions,wedding planner emergency kit supplies,post apocalyptic currency - Test Out

Iowa's only nuclear power station is the NextEra Energy-Duane Arnold Energy Center at Palo. Preparedness for commercial nuclear power plants includes a system for notifying the public if a problem occurs at a plant.
Notification of Unusual Event is the lowest classification, and means that a minor plant event, either an operational event or security threat. Alert is declared when an actual or potential reduction in the plant's safety level or a security event that could threaten site personnel or damage plant equipment.
Site Area Emergency is declared when major safety equipment either has failed or is deemed likely to fail. Federal, State and local officials work together to develop site-specific emergency response plans for nuclear power plant accidents. The plans also delineate evacuation routes, reception centers for radiological monitoring and location of congregate care centers for temporary lodging.
Residents within the 10-mile emergency planning zone are regularly disseminated emergency information materials (via brochures, the phone book, calendars, utility bills, etc.). The EAS stations will provide information and emergency instructions for the public to follow.
The following brochure provides emergency information for the agricultural community within approximately a 50-mile radius of a commercial nuclear power station.
April 19, 2014 If you were at the Super Bowl in New Jersey in February, or at the concurrent “NFL Experience” in Manhattan, you may have spotted some elite Brookhaven Lab employees. The RAP team, one of the National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA) radiological emergency response assets, is comprised of a few permanent staff, augmented by highly trained volunteers from many Lab disciplines. Working with first responder partners like the Federal Bureau of Investigation, police and fire departments, hazmat units, Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams (Air and Army National Guard), and others, the RAP team offers radiological assistance efforts upon the request of federal, state, tribal, and local governments and private groups and individuals for incidents involving radiological materials. During a deployment, researchers and technicians with backgrounds in various aspects of radiological controls and analysis conduct field monitoring and environmental sampling, assessment, and documentation activities to help decision makers choose appropriate protective actions for the safety of both the public and first responders.
Although some of the equipment now being used is commercially developed, other instruments are developed specifically for the use of DOE assets such as RAP teams, with the expertise of scientists and engineers from the DOE and NNSA complexes. Historically the RAP mission was “consequence management” — events and situations along the lines of responding to a spill from a truck carrying medical radioisotopes, for example.  But as the profile of terrorism has been raised across the country and around the world, the need for a more preemptive approach in radiological screening was recognized, and RAP has been increasingly called upon to support law enforcement groups conducting directed or random screening for illicit movement of radiological materials.
One of the techniques now being applied to the search and crisis response missions is gamma ray spectroscopy (GRS), largely a laboratory technique used for more than 40 years to identify radiological material.
Other new, more sophisticated algorithms can generate data products, such as maps, at different stages of an event, so technical information can be conveyed to decision makers at a glance. But McIntyre warns that as sophisticated and user friendly that this gear has become, “we cannot emphasize enough how important it is to have an individual who has proficiency in the equipment that is being deployed in the field.
As the radiological landscape continues to evolve, both in this country and abroad, the RAP team and others will continue to refine their search and detection techniques, and scientists at Brookhaven Lab and elsewhere will be working to stay ahead of the technology curve.
Image: Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) team scanning stadium for potential radiological threats.


Similarly, in biological and biomedical research, they are used to test new drugs and to study cellular functions and bone formation in mammals.
Used and stored properly, a knife can help us prepare and eat food; misused, it can cause injury and possibly death.
There is the potential for a minor radiation release that would not exceed Environmental Protection Agency Protective Action Guidelines (PAGs) beyond the site boundary. If such an event occurs, radiation could be released that would travel beyond the site boundary.
These plans are tested through exercises that include protective actions for the general public and special populations.
These materials contain educational information on radiation, instructions for evacuation and sheltering, special arrangements for special needs populations, contacts for additional information, etc. If needed, this prompt Alert and Notification System will be activated quickly to inform the public of any potential threat from natural or man-made events.
If you are alerted, tune to your local EAS station which includes radio stations, television stations, NOAA weather radio, and the cable TV system.
If you or someone you know lives within 10 miles of a nuclear facility, and would need help in an emergency, please notify and register with your local emergency management agency.
It contains information about how you will be notified and what procedures you should follow in the event of a radiological emergency at the power station. Not cheering in the stands or even inside the stadium, these members of the Lab’s Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) team were working on Super Bowl Sunday and for several weeks beforehand to monitor the metropolitan area for potential radiological threats. Together, they work to stay ahead of any such threats using a palette of detection tools that have become increasingly sophisticated and user-friendly, driven by the evolving mission of the program. In addition to prominent sporting events, the RAP team supports security efforts for high-profile events like the United Nations General Assembly, New Year’s Eve activities in one or multiple locations, the holiday tree lighting ceremony, the Democratic and Republican national conventions, and even Presidential inaugurations. Between deployments, the team examines issues of coordination between agencies, plans, and procedures, and trains and evaluates the proficiency of individuals using the equipment. Lab staff has participated in the development, testing, and functional evaluation of numerous pieces of equipment in this category. Like a fingerprint, a particular radiological material has a particular gamma ray spectrum that is unique to that radioisotope. Also, while the older GRS systems always required a human to take, calibrate, and analyze the data, computer software can now automate some analysis of that gamma ray spectral information. Some of the first responders wear many hats, and while they do receive training, they don’t have the kind of in-depth knowledge and access to scientific expertise that members of the RAP team have. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to support local and state preparedness activity and are required to hold full-scale exercises that involve state agencies every other year.
The REP program in Iowa ensures that emergency preparedness, planning, and exercise activities associated with the commercial nuclear power facilities in or around Iowa meet or exceed standards and regulations set by the federal government for the protection of the citizens of Iowa.
Atoms are made up of various parts; the nucleus contains minute particles called protons and neutrons, and the atom's outer shell contains other particles called electrons.


In addition, radioactive materials are used in various industrial applications to protect food and blood supplies, increase the safety of roads and buildings, locate new energy sources, light emergency exits, warn of fires, and more. Similarly, when handled correctly, radioactive materials have many beneficial medical, industrial, and academic uses.
For additional and more in-depth answers to frequently-asked-questions about radiation, visit their website. State and local authorities will take action to protect the residents living near the plant. Initially, all RAP team members are required to take a specialized course in Albuquerque, NM, and then attend training sessions at least quarterly. As a result, this technique can be used to not only detect the radioactivity of a sample, but also to give information identifying that particular material.  The instruments can be very large and are delicate items that need very stable temperature control and a constant supply of liquid nitrogen to cool them. There are still important issues related to the fact that we live in a sea of radiation from rocks and soil.
The nucleus carries a positive electrical charge, while the electrons carry a negative electrical charge. Team members are periodically evaluated through their participation in drills and exercises.  Occasionally a “No Notice Exercise” is conducted by NNSA that tests the team’s readiness to respond. Also, we live in a community where radiological materials are used in many medical applications. These forces within the atom work toward a strong, stable balance by getting rid of excess atomic energy (radioactivity).
As an example, we often encounter people who have had a thallium stress test or other medical administration. In that process, unstable nuclei may emit a quantity of energy, and this spontaneous emission is what we call radiation. Radiation is also naturally present in our environment, as it has been since before the birth of this planet. The sun and stars send a constant stream of cosmic radiation to Earth, much like a steady drizzle of rain.
Radioactive materials (including uranium, thorium, and radium) exist naturally in soil and rock. Essentially all air contains radon, water contains small amounts of dissolved uranium and thorium, and all organic matter (both plant and animal) contains radioactive carbon and potassium.
In addition, all people have internal radiation, mainly from radioactive potassium-40 and carbon-14 inside their bodies from birth and, therefore, are sources of exposure to others.



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