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In Portugal, there is always a special reason for people to go out into the street, singing and dancing. There are flights from Bremen, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Karlsruhe, Munich, Dortmund, Zurich, Liverpool, London, Bordeaux, Carcassonne, Dole, La Rochelle, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Paris, Rodez, St. With the purpose of offering the user higher speed and the customization of the contents and services provided, Associacao de Turismo do Porto may use a browser functionality known as cookie. Allows to navigate the website and use your applications as well as access to secure areas of the website.
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Direct advertising in the interests of each user, and also limit the amount of times you see the ad, helping to measure advertising effectiveness and success of the organization's website. Image from an Anthestria festival with a girl swinging over smoke from a vessel (not shown here), a ritual maybe to produce a state in trance?
Frederick Lord Leighton's (1830-1896) romantic view of The Daphnephoria, painted for the dining room of his friend the banker James Stewart Hodgson. The Dionysia and Thesmophoria were two occasions of Greek women to leave their households and to participate in the public life.
The Thesmophoria was a fertility festival in honor of Demeter and Aristophanes refers to it in the Thesmophoriazousae. Greek men probably did not like the Dionysia but it was an opportunity for women to escape from their life most confined in the home or at least to be free for a few days to do what was allowed in principle only to men in a men dominated society. We should finally not forget Theater to which development a tyrant Peisistratos had an important contribution.
The list of festivals is too large to be complete, we should not forget also the Olympic, Nemean, Isthmian and Pytheian as festivals.
Some people attend the festival of the god out of curiousity, some for shows and contests, and many bring goods of all sorts for sale, the market folk, that is, some of whom display their crafts and manufactures while others make a show of some special learning---many, of works of tragedy or poetry, many, of prose works.
In other respects the festival is celebrated almost exactly as Dionysiac festivals are in Hellas, excepting that the Egyptians have no choral dances and no plays. Although they were victims of religious persecution in Europe, the Puritans supported the Old World theory that sanctioned it, the need for uniformity of religion in the state.
Expelled from Massachusetts in the dead of winter in 1636, former Puritan leader Roger Williams (1603-1683) issued an impassioned plea for freedom of conscience. The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution, for cause of Conscience, discussed in a Conference between Truth and Peace. In his Notes on the State of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson reflected on the religious intolerance in seventeenth-century Virginia, specifically on the anti-Quaker laws passed by the Virginia Assembly from 1659 onward.
For some decades Jews had flourished in Dutch-held areas of Brazil, but a Portuguese conquest of the area in 1654 confronted them with the prospect of the introduction of the Inquisition, which had already burned a Brazilian Jew at the stake in 1647. Designed by Peter Harrison, constructed in 1762, and dedicated in 1763, Touro Synagogue is considered an architectural masterpiece. A breastplate is an ornamental covering for the Torah, designed in imitation of the breastplate worn by the High Priest, as described in the book of Exodus. During the colonial period, this board was used at Touro Synagogue to prepare the dough for Matzoh (unleavened bread) used in the Passover season. The Quakers (or Religious Society of Friends) formed in England in 1652 around a charismatic leader, George Fox (1624-1691).
A youthful William Penn (1644-1718) portrayed in armor suggests that at this point in his career he may have been considering following his father into a military profession. In his famous charter of religious liberty, William Penn pledged that all citizens who believed in "One Almighty and eternal God .
This undated image depicts a feature of Quaker religious practice that made early Friends so repugnant to other denominations: their insistence on equality for women, including the right--in defiance of the apostle Paul's injunctions--to speak in Meeting for Worship and to preach the Gospel.
This collection of "advices" on the behavior of American Quakers was a compilation of guidelines covering every aspect of Quaker life. The first group of Germans to settle in Pennsylvania arrived in Philadelphia in 1683 from Krefeld, Germany, and included Mennonites and possibly some Dutch Quakers.
This Pennsylvania German illustration depicts a familiar 19th century evangelical motif of the narrow gate to Heaven and the broad and seductive road to Hell, where the devil and his minions await the self-satisfied sinner. Many of the German sects that emigrated to Pennsylvania brought with them "primitive" Christian practices such as footwashing, seen here being practiced by the women of the Moravian Brethren. Although the Stuart kings of England did not hate the Roman Catholic Church, most of their subjects did, causing Catholics to be harassed and persecuted in England throughout the seventeenth century.
The "Apostle to Maryland," Father Andrew White (1579-1656), described the celebration of the first mass upon the arrival of the Ark and the Dove, "We celebrated mass for the first time . Like some of their Protestant counterparts in the colonies, the Jesuits in Maryland assumed the responsibility of converting the native population to Christianity. An ostensorium, also called a monstrance, is used at Catholic communion services to display the consecrated Host. In 1649, Catholics in the Maryland Assembly passed an act stipulating that no Trinitarian Christian "shall from henceforth be any waies troubled, molested, or discountenanced, for, or in respect of his or her religion nor in the free exercise thereof within this Province." Though this act was not as inclusive as similar ones in Rhode Island and Pennsylvania, which brought theists within their purview, it was another in a series of progressive measures taken by early American colonists to emancipate themselves from the European belief in enforced religious uniformity. Maryland Governour and Council (Proceedings) May 1647- February 1651, including "An Act Concerning Religion," Manuscript volume. In this fanciful recreation Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, is showing his 1649 Act Concerning Religion to the ancient Spartan lawgiver, Lycurgus.
These artist's recreations of the first free standing Roman Catholic Church in British North America are based on extensive historical and archaeological research, conducted by the staff of Historic St.
These religious medals, worn by seventeenth-century Catholic colonists in Maryland, bespeak a society spiritually administered by the Jesuits. Virginia was settled by businessmen--operating through a joint-stock company, the Virginia Company of London--who wanted to get rich.
The Book of Common Prayer, which contains the liturgy used by the Church of England, was compiled during the reign of Edward VI (1547-1553) and revised under Queen Elizabeth I. The Book of Common-Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, According to the Use of the Church of England . This manuscript is an eighteenth-century copy of the original Virginia Company records, owned by Thomas Jefferson and sold to the Library of Congress as part of Jefferson's library in 1815. Like the other seventeenth-century British colonies, Virginia aspired to convert the native populations.
One of the handicaps faced by the Church of England in Virginia and the other American colonies was its lack of authority to ordain priests.


This is a website designed for kids to get a basic understanding of the way of life of the Cherokee. The north of the country is no exception.Religious celebrations are an excellent opportunity to get in touch with the culture and traditions of the people from Minho. Etienne Toulouse, Tours, Barcelona, Madrid, Palma de Mallorca, Valencia, Bologna, Milan, Pisa, Rome, Copenhagen, Brussels, Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and New York.The best way to go from the International Airport Francisco Sa Carneiro to the city centre is to take the underground. A cookie is a small text file, stored automatically in the user's computer, which allows its identification whenever the user re-opens, in this case, the Associacao de Turismo do Porto.Nevertheless, any user can configure the web browser to prevent the installation of cookies in his computer. With spectacle, there was a predominance of public life, intensity of the festivals, sensual proximity. Especially at the Dionysia they would dance wild, drink wine, shout like animals and even eat raw meat of animals which they killed (omophagia i.e. It is said that it was founded by Mysius, a man of Argos, who according to Argive tradition gave Demeter a welcome in his home. Some draw worshipers from remote regions for religion's sake alone, as does the festival of Artemis at Ephesos, venerated not only in her home-city, but by Hellenes and barbarians.Dio Chrysostom, Or.
They also use phalli four cubits [6 feet] high, pulled by ropes, which the women carry around, and whose male genitalia are operated by strings to go up and down.
Ceres (Demeter) a woman of Sicily, in seeking her daughter who was stolen, comes into Attica, and there teaches the Greeks to sow corn; for which benefaction she was Deified after death. 1660) first ran afoul of Massachusetts authorities for supporting theological dissenter Anne Hutchinson.
Jefferson apparently believed that it was no more than an historical accident that Quakers had not been physically punished or even executed in Virginia as they had been in Massachusetts.
A shipload of twenty-three Jewish refugees from Dutch Brazil arrived in New Amsterdam (soon to become New York) in 1654. Many scholars today consider Quakers as radical Puritans, because the Quakers carried to extremes many Puritan convictions. Soon after this portrait was made, Penn became a member of the Society of Friends, one of whose fundamental tenets was the renunciation of force.
Oil on canvas Eighteenth-century copy of a seventeenth-century portrait, possibly by Sir Peter Lely.
Wood engraving from Ernst von Hesse Wartegg, Nord-Amerika, seine Stadt und Naturwunder, das Land und seine Bewohner in Schilderung.
These advices were periodically issued between 1682 and 1763 by the highest institutional authority in American Quakerism, the Yearly Meeting. During the early years of German emigration to Pennsylvania, most of the emigrants were members of small sects that shared Quaker principles--Mennonites, Dunkers, Schwenkfelders, Moravians, and some German Baptist groups--and were fleeing religious persecution.
Engraving from David Cranz, Kurze, ZuverlA¤ssige Nachricht, von der, unter den Namen der BA¶hmisch-MA¤hrischen BrA?der Bekannt, Kirche Unitas fratrum, Halle: 1757.
Driven by "the sacred duty of finding a refuge for his Roman Catholic brethren," George Calvert (1580-1632) obtained a charter from Charles I in 1632 for the territory between Pennsylvania and Virginia.
They were quite successful, owing to men like Father White, a skilled linguist, who translated spiritual exercises into the Piscataway language.
Here Calvert is depicted in a long line of civil libertarians, running from the ninth-century Saxon king, Alfred, on Calvert's left through William Penn, in the broad-brimmed hat, to Benjamin Franklin, viewing the proceedings from Heaven in his familiar fur hat. Mary's City at the site of the home of Garret Van Sweringen, a Dutch Roman Catholic who settled in Maryland in the 1660s.
They also wanted the Church to flourish in their colony and kept it well supplied with ministers. The Virginia Company's instructions to its governors required them to make conversion one of their objectives.
Braga, for example, is worth visiting for the Easter celebrations, a festival experienced with intensity in this city, renewing rituals whose true meaning is union. However, if the user configures this option, he may be prevented from accessing some of the services available in this website.How many groups are divided the cookies we use?Permanent cookies - cookies that are stored at the browser in its access equipment (PC, phone and tablet) and are used whenever you make a new visit to our website. In these rituals in which blood flowed, society found a new vigor and formed for a moment a single great body. There is a grove in the Mysaeum, containing trees of every kind, and in it rises a copious supply of water from springs. Those who defied the Puritans by persistently returning to their jurisdictions risked capital punishment, a penalty imposed on four Quakers between 1659 and 1661. They stretched the sober deportment of the Puritans into a glorification of "plainness." Theologically, they expanded the Puritan concept of a church of individuals regenerated by the Holy Spirit to the idea of the indwelling of the Spirit or the "Light of Christ" in every person.
This compilation appears to have been made by the Meeting itself for distribution to local Quaker meetings throughout America. Penn and his agents encouraged German and European emigration to Pennsylvania by circulating promotional literature touting the economic advantages of Pennsylvania as well as the religious liberty available there. This Maryland charter offered no guidelines on religion, although it was assumed that Catholics would not be molested in the new colony. Heinsch, 1655, in Mathias Tanner, Societas Jesu apostolorum imitatrix Prague: Typis Universitatis Carolo-Ferdinandeae, 1694. 1658-1663), first Clerk of Court of Charles County, Maryland, or by one of his descendants. Here is a page from the large 1662 edition and the same page as it appears in a 1730 shorthand edition, with the order slightly altered. The most famous early convert was Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan, head of the Powhatan Confederacy.
In Porto, the Sao Joao festivities, from the 23rd to the 24th, is known by everyone to be a moment of great fun.And there are countless other religious celebrations – and pagan festivals intersecting with the religious calendar – occurring mainly in the summer and waiting for you in the region. They are generally used to direct navigation to the interests of the user, allowing us to provide more personalized service.Session cookies - these are temporary cookies that remain in the cookie file of your browser until you leave the website. The erection of the phallus, however, which the Hellenes observe in their statues of Hermes, they did not derive from the Egyptians, but from the Pelasgians; from them the Athenians adopted it, and afterwards it passed to the other Hellenes.
Reflecting on the seventeenth century's intolerance, Thomas Jefferson was unwilling to concede to Virginians any moral superiority to the Puritans. Converted to Quakerism in England in the 1650s, Dyer returned to New England and was three times arrested and banished from Massachusetts for spreading Quaker principles. The appearance in Pennsylvania of so many different religious groups made the province resemble "an asylum for banished sects." Beginning in the 1720s significantly larger numbers of German Lutherans and German Reformed arrived in Pennsylvania. The creator of the shorthand system, James Weston, advised his readers that he had omitted the "Forms of Matrimony .
Pocahontas was baptized by the Reverend Alexander Whitaker before her marriage to John Rolfe in 1614.


The information obtained from these cookies is used to analyze traffic patterns on the Web, allowing us to identify problems and provide a better browsing experience. On the third day of the festival the men withdraw from the sanctuary, and the women are left to perform on that night the ritual that custom demands. Beginning in 1659 Virginia enacted anti-Quaker laws, including the death penalty for refractory Quakers. Small numbers of Jews continued to come to the British North American colonies, settling mainly in the seaport towns. Quakers were severely persecuted in England for daring to deviate so far from orthodox Christianity. 1619) considered himself engaged in "religious warfare" and expected no reward "but from him on whose vineyard I labor whose church with greedy appetite I desire to erect." During Dale's tenure, religion was spread at the point of the sword. Among the pious young Americans who made the perilous journey was Thomas Read, a Virginian, who was ordained by Richard Terrick, Bishop of London, on September 21, 1773, at which time he also received a license to preach in Maryland.
By the time of the Declaration of Independence, Jewish settlers had established several thriving synagogues. By 1680, 10,000 Quakers had been imprisoned in England, and 243 had died of torture and mistreatment in the King's jails. Among the passengers were two Catholic priests who had been forced to board surreptitiously to escape the reach of English anti-Catholic laws. After we had completed the sacrifice, we took upon our shoulders a great cross that we had hewn out of a tree, and advancing in order to the appointed place . Read's ecclesiastical credentials, as well as a special, protective carrying case, which has his name etched on its front, are seen here. During this festive time, the city becomes decorated with motifs alluding to the season and the “Passos” – street altars – are decorated with flowers and lights.
On the following day the men come to the sanctuary, and the men and the women laugh and jeer at one another in turn. This reign of terror impelled Friends to seek refuge in New Jersey in the 1670s, where they soon became well entrenched.
Upon landing in Maryland the Catholics, led spiritually by the Jesuits, were transported by a profound reverence, similar to that experienced by John Winthrop and the Puritans when they set foot in New England. Did you know that the Cathedral of Braga is the oldest national monument, over nine hundred years old?Attend the Ecce Homo or Enterro Procession, on Holy Thursday, led by the Farricocos. In 1681, when Quaker leader William Penn (1644-1718) parlayed a debt owed by Charles II to his father into a charter for the province of Pennsylvania, many more Quakers were prepared to grasp the opportunity to live in a land where they might worship freely. Catholic fortunes fluctuated in Maryland during the rest of the seventeenth century, as they became an increasingly smaller minority of the population.
When a popular assembly, the House of Burgesses, was established in 1619, it enacted religious laws that "were a match for anything to be found in the Puritan societies." Unlike the colonies to the north, where the Church of England was regarded with suspicion throughout the colonial period, Virginia was a bastion of Anglicanism. After the Glorious Revolution of 1689 in England, the Church of England was legally established in the colony and English penal laws, which deprived Catholics of the right to vote, hold office, or worship publicly, were enforced. Her House of Burgesses passed a law in 1632 requiring that there be a "uniformitie throughout this colony both in substance and circumstance to the cannons and constitution of the Church of England." The church in Virginia faced problems unlike those confronted in other colonies--such as enormous parishes, some sixty miles long, and the inability to ordain ministers locally--but it continued to command the loyalty and affection of the colonists. These are some of the most curious characters in our religious tradition and a reminiscence of the reconciliatory practices of public penitents, performed until the 16th century.In August you must participate in the Festivities of Senhora da Agonia in the beautiful city of Viana do Castelo.
Although the Quakers may have resembled the Puritans in some religious beliefs and practices, they differed with them over the necessity of compelling religious uniformity in society.
Until the American Revolution, Catholics in Maryland were dissenters in their own country, living at times under a state of siege, but keeping loyal to their convictions, a faithful remnant, awaiting better times. The palm trees depicted in the background reveal the artist's ignorance of conditions in Maryland.
Francis Xavier on the other; a sacred site at Zaragosa, Spain, where the faithful believed that the Virgin appeared to the apostle St. In 1656, a prospective minister was advised that he "would find an assisting, an embracing, a comforting people" in the colony.
Visit the taverns and restaurants where Portuguese cuisine rules, accompanied by the region’s vinho verde wine. And, on the last night of the celebrations, attend the bright firework display on the centenarian bridge over the river Lima, proclaiming that the festival has ended. Parades march through the streets of Portugal’s birthplace city, which in 2012 was the European Capital of Culture, representing scenes from the saint’s life.In the same city, the Gualterianas Festivities, in the summer, provide good entertainment, as is the case of the procession honouring Sao Gualter. JoaoThe 24th June is the day of Sao Joao and a good reason to go out in Porto and get to know how popular saints are celebrated in Portugal.The night of the 23rd to the 24th is filled with fun and joy. The city’s squares, mainly in the historical centre and downtown, are decorated with balloons and coloured paper arches, and are occupied by venders of manjericos, leeks and little hammers of Sao Joao – tradition dictates that revellers must salute the passers-by with a gentle tap on the head with a leek or a toy hammer.
Every year, between the end of August and the middle of September, Lamego becomes a full-time festival, coinciding with the City Festivities and the “Romaria de Portugal”, dedicated to its Patron Saint. Hundreds of thousands of people join these festivities to attend shows, exhibitions, concerts, parades, dances and cultural and sporting events.In Terras de Bouro, at the entrance of Serra do Geres, Sao Bento da Porta Aberta is yet another pilgrimage mingling the sacred and the profane.
The Sanctuary is the second most visited in the country, after Fatima, and in August it welcomes thousands of pilgrims and devotees who come to fulfil the most varied promises and pray for new blessings to that who is considered the greatest saint and miracle worker in the north.Thousands of candles have lit up the districts of Penafiel, Marco de Canaveses and Castelo de Paiva during the Endoencas Procession on Holy Thursday for over 300 years, connecting both banks at the mouth of the Tamega River. Over 40,000 candles are placed on the river banks, window sills, facades, balconies, and in the medieval streets of Entre-os-Rios.
The visual effect is stunning.The Queima de Judas, in Montalegre, is a satire to Lent abstinence, serving as punishment to the apostle who acted as a scapegoat.
This tradition brings thousands of people to this village every year, where primitive dolls are sacrificed, in great animation, in a popular auto-de-fe.In Santa Maria da Feira, go back in time and learn more about our roots.
The Viagem Medieval is the greatest event of medieval historical recreation in the country. This medieval fair remembers the populations that have established themselves in this region over the centuries, and also the way people used to live in Portugal in the past.
This fair is one of the highlights in the month of August in Grande Porto.To close this chapter, we remind you that there are several routes in the north of Portugal taking pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela. These routes are rightfully indicated by yellow arrows, currently resulting in three main roads: Caminho da Costa, Caminho Central and Caminho do Interior. The Caminho de Santiago de Compostela is a spiritual and cultural itinerary of the first order and the oldest secular route of religious pilgrimage in Europe, going back to the 9th century.This is a journey that started being encouraged for religious reasons, but today it comprises a much wider spectrum.
Come and visit the Gothic and Romanesque cathedrals, the monasteries and chapels, the castles and Celtic villages that characterise this unique experience.As you must have figured out by now, there are manifestations of devotion and religious festivals showing you the best in our tradition.



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