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Sparta: War of Empires es un Juego de Navegador MMO de estrategia gratuito, desarollado por Plarium. Sparta: War of Empires (SWOE) es un MMO estrategico gratuito en el que los jugadores reinaran sus propias ciudades estado en la antigua Grecia cuando estaba siendo atacado por el gran imperio Persa liderado por Jerjes, en un intento de conquistarlo, reclamar sus territorios como propios y sumir Hellas en una guerra brutal. En SWOE los jugadores gobiernan su propia ciudad, la cual han recibido del mismisimo rey Leonidas, y se veran abocados a una guerra sin cuartel contra los invasores Persas. Uno de los aspectos fundamentales del juego es adquirir y gestionar los tres recursos necesarios para hacer avanzar tu ciudad: el bronce, el grano y la madera. Puedes conseguir recursos de varias formas distintas, la forma mas tipica es de edificios de produccion que construyas, como aserraderos, forjas y granjas; otros modos son mediante el comercio con otros jugadores o atacando otras ciudades y reclamando parte de sus recursos. Es posible jugar al juego en solitario, pero a medida que vayas progresando, crecera tu fuerza y tus necesidades, por lo que tendras que expandirte y conquistar a tus vecinos. El juego es completamente gratuito y usa los tres recursos principales como moneda principal, aun asi los jugadores pueden conseguir dracmas, la moneda Premium del juego, que sirve para reducir los tiempos de construccion, comprar recursos o comprar decoraciones y fortificaciones.
Terraria is a dynamic and original blend of mechanics and features found in many fan-favorite franchises and games, selecting bits and pieces from a voluminous library of classic titles and forging them together in an ingenious way. With a mixture of classic 2-D side-scrolling sensibilities found in legendary hall of fame franchises like Super Mario Bros. Just like in Minecraft, Terraria allows gamers to make whatever they want in the game: the only limit is your imagination (and your patience).
The inventory screen in Terraria is quite expansive, holding all of the loot and items at any given time. The game's interface is pretty basic, with an item bar at the top of the HUD as well as your standard life meter, which is represented in Zelda-esque hearts.
The controls are pretty basic and are well-adjusted to the Xbox 360 controller, but some acclimation to the controls is required in order to get used to the game itself. The free-roam scheme itself selects blocks in a grid, snapping onto each block vertically or horizontally. A myriad of different defense items can be crafted in Terraria, each with their own signature visual flair and effectiveness in combat.
Without an EXP progression system, gamers instead must rely on better gear and acquiring more resources to craft better weapons and other items. Items can also be found as loot throughout the game–either dropped by slain enemies, found in chests, or scattered randomly throughout the levels. Above is a diagram of many of the items featured in Terraria, from weapons and potions to boots and charms. Items can also unlock various spells in the game, each with their own elemental strengths and effectiveness. Terraria's range of items is quite dizzying, as there are dozens upon dozens of consumables, weapons, armors and other items featured throughout the game. Vanity Items can make players look like iconic heroes from pop culture, from Link to Indiana Jones and Mario. Terraria also features dynamic transitions from day to night that are akin to those featured in Minecraft: at night, a horde of marauding ghouls spawn and roam the earth, searching for prey to chomp on. Players are encouraged to build a makeshift house during the midnight hours to protect themselves from the zombies and demon eyes, offering sanctuary from the undead and a respite from their powerful attacks. The infamous Skeletron, one of the harder bosses in Terraria that is found in the Dungeons. The bosses add a homage to old-school platforming games, further showing the level of commitment that the developers at Re-Logic have put into Terraria.
Above you can see just a few of the many NPC's in Terraria, each offering their own distinct and helpful services. The various worlds also feature NPC's that range from Nurses who regenerate health for a few coins to Merchants, where players can buy and sell items. Terraria also features online co-op and multiplayer, allowing gamers to team up and aid one another in their quest for glory and treasure. Pets are also included in the game, however they don't seem to have any real in-game effect and appear to be entirely cosmetic in nature and add a bit of visual flair to the game.
The zombie and bat are pets that are exclusive to both Xbox 360 and PS3 ports of the game, yet unlike most other pets, the pet bat will actually aid players by attacking nearby enemies.
An ancient Mesopotamian map of the world, as drawn on a cuneiform tablet, can be seen in the British Museum. King Ferdinand I, King of Rumania declared war on the Central Powers (the Austro-Hungarian Empire, German Empire, Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria) in 1916. These cavalrymen where part of Rumania’s 650,000 man Royal Army, an Army of brave soldiers, battle hardened from the Second Balkan War but poorly led during an opportunistic attempt at a land grab in the middle of World War One (WW1) that ended with the complete defeat and surrender of Rumania to the Central Powers. SMS Frundsberg: Launched in 1873 from the STT Shipyards in Trieste Austro-Hungary, 1,353 tons. SMS Laudon: Launched in 1873, the SMS Laudon is an Austrian-Hungarian Sail and Steam powered Screw Frigate with a crew of 480 men. SMS Erzherzog Kronprinz Rudolf (Hungarian Language): Launched 1887 and namesake first ship of the “Crown Prince-Class” (predecessor to the “Monarch Class” of pre-dreadnoughts) and named after Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary (the heir apparent in 1889) Rudolf Franz Karl. SMS Kronprinzessin Erzherzogin Stephanie: Launched in 1887, the SMS Kronprinzessin Erzherzogin Stephanie is the second ship of two in the “Crown Prince-Class” of pre-dreadnoughts, 6,939 ton displacement, Primary Armament of three 12? guns in single turrets.
A poignant picture of the peaceful Adriatic port of Besca Nova, Austria-Hungary (modern day Baska, Croatia) circa 1900 anno Domini.
The training of dogs for warfare showed from the first of the most satisfactory results, and numbers of regiments would now find their operations very difficult indeed if they were suddenly deprived of their sagacious four-footed companions.
The Societe du Chien Sanitaire, like most new movements, did not receive much official encouragement at the beginning of the campaign, but nevertheless, thanks to its efforts, under its energetic president, M. Dogs particularly suitable to warlike purposes are to be found in great numbers in the Lower Pyrenees and other mountainous regions of France, and to-day there are societies in different parts of the country—not enough, it is true, but still they have made a good beginning—who are collecting and training the animals and sending them to the Front. Captain Tolet, who is in command of the kennels of the Tenth French Army, has narrated some of the brave deeds—the word is not too strong—of dogs under his care, especially during the fighting on the Somme. Another case of a dog’s usefulness is recorded in the taking of a farm in the Bois Brule (Burnt Wood). Some of these gallant four-footed soldiers have received decorations just like men—and an extra bone or two as well, one hopes. It was mainly owing to a number of British dogs that the French army was able to drive the Germans out of Boesinghe Woods in one of the engagements round Ypres. If dogs were utilized in this service long during wartime, their value would be incalculable; and their use is all the greater when fighting takes place over an extended area. In the two last-named classes of work dogs can pass swiftly backwards and forwards through brisk firing and run much less risk than a man. There are several societies in Paris which choose suitable dogs in order to make soldiers of them.
Specially-trained dogs only are chosen for this work, and they are mostly sheep-dogs or collies or animals whose business it was in civil life to be guardians or watchers, and always on the alert. This correspondent adds that the best of these imported breeds of dogs is the Alaskan, as “his courage never fails, and he will work until he drops, though he is perhaps the weakest of them. Dogs that are specially adapted or have been trained for hunting or sporting purposes are of little use in war, as they have acquired habits incompatible with the work now demanded of them. The use of dogs in warfare was, of course, not invented in the present war, though their utility had been systematized and given more scientific scope than was ever the case before. It was the Belgians who first turned their attention to the subject of employing dogs more extensively. It was quite natural that the Belgians should also think of using these draught-dogs for small machine-guns, thus providing an inexpensive but efficient light artillery.
Being an account of a detachment of thirty brave crew members and five officers of the Austria-Hungary Imperial Navy Cruiser SMS Zenta during the Siege of the The Legation Quarter in old Peking, 1900 A.D.
On June 13, a Boxer attack on the new mint and the Imperial Bank of China was checked by rifle-fire from the east corner of the legation. The next day the traffic on the Chang An street crossing Customs street was stopped by an outpost, and later on by a wire fence, in order to prevent the smuggling of disguised Boxers into the legation quarter.
The Austrian legation being entirely exposed, and untenable against any serious attack, it had been understood that the charge d’affaires and the detachment were to retreat to the French legation. The Austrians immediately hastened to a position in the barrier erected by the French some one hundred yards south of the customs compound. On June 22, owing to a false alarm, the Italian, French, and German legations were left, but were almost immediately reinhabited, with the exception of the Italian legation, which was already burning, as was also their wall of defense commanding the east end of Legation street. From that date Captain von Montalman directed the fighting of both the French and the German legations, Sir Claude MacDonald having at that time been elected by the ministers as their commander-in-chief.
The attacks on the French legation were, from the beginning, extremely vehement, as the Chinese fully recognized the high importance of its position.
Together with the French and Germans several successful dashes were made in the neighborhood, killing and wounding a number of Chinese each time. On June 24 a detachment under Midshipman William Boyneburg took part with the Germans in storming the city wall, which enabled the Americans to reoccupy their former position on the top. When the French legation was under the hottest fires from north, east, and south, only the western side being protected by the other legations, the French took the northern and the Austrians the southern line of defense, and were each under constant rifle-shot at only twenty-five yards’ range. The Chinese were gaining daily, or rather nightly, in making the breaches in the eastern wall larger and more numerous, until they had nearly razed the entire structure.
On the 8th of July the Chinese brought into position at about eighty yards’ distance a three-inch Krupp gun, from which they commenced to pour in a destructive fire on the eastern wall. After the death of Captain Von Thornburg, the command of the Austrians devolved upon Lieutenant Von Winterhalter. Earth, stones, and dust were thrown high into the air, clouds of heavy, sulphurous smoke rose from the hole in the ground, poisoning the dust-laden air, and, at the same moment, to add to the horror of the situation, two three-inch guns opened up on the main gate house, sending in their contingent of iron hail from a distance of only eighty yards.
This explosion compelled both the Austrians and French to retire about thirty yards eastward behind a cover they had already partly erected in preparation for a stubbornly contested retreat; but upon the shell-fire ceasing, the combined forces made a rush later on, drove the Chinese out of the main gateway, and reoccupied it. Never in history has there been a more stubbornly contested few acres than those occupied by the Austrians and French in the French legation compound.


At first this entire new line of defense was very weak, but it was rapidly strengthened by adding bricks and sand-bags.
As the Chinese barricaded themselves in the western part of the legation captured by them, they also made use of the shrubbery and trees to shield their force, and these the Austrians had to clear away under hot fire. The so-called truce did not last very long, for on the 23d the firing was nearly as bad as before, and at night often worse.
On the last night of the siege the firing in the French legation, as everywhere else, was exceedingly hot, and, although two shells burst in the chapel, no one was injured.
The late 19th century was a fertile and chaotic time for many products and inventions, not the least being the small arms of the worlds leading armies.
Smokeless Powder Cartridges (even the switch from black powder to smokeless powder was not an easy transition as a leap to a new, more powerful propellant necessitated a complete revamp of old designs and arms, re-tooling of factories, and, smokeless powder can come in many forms (the British experimented extensively with Cordite powder for decades and decided to go alone in their unique Cordite Smokeless Powder, {originally a double based propellant, many decades later revised to a triple propellant}. Conviertete en un campeon del pueblo, expande tus territorios, conquista a las ciudades estado debiles y haz que se unan a tu provincia, entrena a un poderoso ejercito, y aliate con otros arcontes para crear una coalicion y derrotar a los invasores persas.
Ademas de defender tus tierras tendras que gestionar tu ciudad independiente, mantener a sus habitantes seguros y felices y reclutarlos para que formen parte de tu ejercito.
Todos los aspectos del juego giran en tornos a estos tres recursos, ya sea firmando tratos comerciales, descubriendo nuevas tecnologias, construyendo edificios nuevos o mejorando los que ya tienes.
Los jugadores tambien conseguiran recursos adicionales al completar misiones y tareas, y creando colonias en las islas que hay en mar Egeo, ya que son muy ricas en recursos, aunque estan en constante disputa. Debido a esto no es mala idea aliarte con jugadores con objetivos similares que puedan ayudarte en tiempo de necesidad, o a los que tengas que ayudar cuando lo necesiten; puedes hacerlo creando una Coalicion, un alianza estructurada en la que cada miembro ocupa una posicion de poder dentro de una jerarquia. Los Dracmas se consiguen pueden conseguirse completando tareas, subiendo de nivel o comprandolo con dinero real. It harkens back to the golden age of gaming where players could pour dozens of hours into a game and still have fun, rather than the games of our era that provide anywhere from 10-30 hours of gameplay. The real fun is how you utilize what you've collected to build your own world, whether its a sprawling mansion filled with elaborate treasures, or a meek cottage that spans thirty feet into the sky. There are a variety of enemies throughout the game, each with their own strengths and weaknesses.
The inventory screens are a bit convoluted and confusing at first, and is the heart of the game's crafting system.
The console port reverts back and forth from a sort of free-roam placement scheme to as sort of radial scheme, which is the principal targeting system in the game. The radial scheme is better for combat, as players can aim up and down much easier with bows. Players can also find a smorgasbord of loot scattered randomly throughout the worlds, hidden in the depths or in the heart of the world itself.
The game in itself is not only about exploration, but a sort of grind where accumulation of items is key. For example, players can find the Orb of Light, which is dropped by Shadow Orb enemies in the Corruption biome, and when cast it adds a helpful light-filled orb that follows players dispatching darkness as it goes.
As players progress deeper and deeper into their worlds, finding new items and slaying bosses, the items themselves get better and better. Each size denotes not only the overall size of the world itself, but also the amount of items hidden throughout its depths. There are a variety of different biomes such as deserts, forests, jungles, floating islands, jungles and even a hellish underworld.
The bosses sometimes take up half of the screen and are quite epic in scale and difficulty, and provide an intense battle for any gamer. Tübinger Altes des Vorderen Orients offer additional geographical and historical information. Namesake ship and first in the class of Protected Cruiser’s built in Austria-Hungary (the Kaiser Franz Joseph I-class). The SMS Kaiserin Elisabeth will be completed after the 1889 Trieste Transfer in the Winter Empires, as such, she may be armed a-historically. The SMS Zrinyi could be used in a number of rolls, perhaps training or Foreign Station posting. The SMS Unitis could be used in a number of rolls, perhaps training or Foreign Station posting. The SMS Tegetthoff is a Central Battery Ship with 6 x 11? (280mm) and a total crew of 525 men. The small town of Baska is located on the large Island of Krk on the Eastern Shore of the Adriatic and is a popular tourist destination for Eastern and Central Europeans. Our Gallant French allies have mobilized thousands of dogs for war service, and as scouts, sentries, messengers, ambulance workers, and beasts of burden these wonderfully-trained animals have rendered most valuable assistance to the armies in the field. The number of dogs with the French army alone can be guessed when it is stated that one society, the Societe Nationale du Chien Sanitaire, of 21, Rue de Choiseul, Paris, has trained over fifteen hundred war-dogs.
Recently a contingent of one hundred dogs was sent to the army by the Department of the Indre, which is a hunting country where dogs are particularly well trained to explore and to act as guardians.
Megnin, an authority on the use of dogs in warfare, says that German attacks by night on small outposts have almost completely failed since dogs have been employed to watch. On August 28th a dog called Medor, although wounded by a shrapnel shell, ran a mile and a half to carry a message from a brigade to a colonel, was again wounded in the last two hundred yards, but dragged himself to the commander’s post, where he died a quarter of an hour later.
Everyone thought Germans were hiding in the farm, and no patrol had ventured to approach it. Prusco, a bull-terrier, serving with French motor scouts, who carried him in a side-car, was of great value in carrying messages back to headquarters; while Lutz, a dog that distinguished himself in one of the Verdun engagements, was employed as an advance sentinel last February, and first gave warning of a German attack by repeated growls.
The animal seeks for wounded men lost on the battlefield; he searches in holes, ruins, and excavations, and hunts over wooded places or coverts, where the wounded man might lie unnoticed by his comrades or the stretcher-bearer.
The situation of the wounded man overlooked or abandoned on the battlefield is a truly horrible one; he has to wait in the forlorn hope that he will be found, for the army has gone on, and the more victorious it is the farther it will push ahead. The dog accompanies the human scout in his reconnaissance, and helps in finding advance posts or sentinels, and locating small groups of the enemy. The animal acts as a messenger, carrying written orders or information, and is used according to circumstances.
This is the most difficult task to which military dogs are put, and requires very special qualities, so that only a very few animals have been found capable of the work. These are all the easier to train for the special work—somewhat of the same order—which they are set to do in war. They are all shaggy dogs, with prick ears and bushy tails, their colour ranging from black to white, between greys and browns. Certain breeds, such as the Great Dane, and others of limited intelligence, are of no value at all. It is amusing, but nevertheless true, that the dogs of smugglers and poachers, as well as those of coastguardsmen, have been found to be most useful animals in the army. In no previous campaign have men understood the full use that could be made of these highly-intelligent creatures. Everybody who has visited Belgium knows the use that is made of dogs for traction purposes all over the country. The Germans wished to imitate them, but it is related that when they tried to buy dogs from the Belgians, as they had no indigenous animals suited to the purpose, the Belgians refused to sell.
The animals used are mostly of the German sheep-dog variety, and a register of these, numbering several thousands, is kept for mobilization purposes by the German Sheep-Dog Club. On June 22, the fire extended to the houses on both sides of the barricade, and the latter had to be left.
Had it been lost, the German legation, the Hotel de Peking, and the Su Wang Fu would have been no longer tenable. The Austrians constantly reinforced the Germans on the wall-front to the east, and after the 26th of June constantly had five men assisting Colonel Shiba at the Su Wang Fu. Yet they gained no great advantage, owing to the breaches being so well covered from the windows of buildings and temporary defenses in the western part of the compound. From July 1 daily shelling was endured, which riddled the roofs and walls of every building in the compound, until the principal building and main gateway, an imposing structure, were utterly demolished and became a pile of ruins. Captain Von Thornburg, with Captain Labrousse and Lieutenants Darcy and Kollar, all anxious to locate this gun exactly, left their main barricade and proceeded to a spot behind a low loopholed wall in their front, but had scarcely arrived when a shell burst in their midst, a fragment of which pierced Von Thornburg through the heart, causing him to fall dead into the arms of his friends. Kill!” This was intended to draw all the defenders into their positions, and nearly succeeded, for after a few moments the rifle-fire suddenly ceased and two mines exploded with a great report, blowing up Mr. The buildings, however, taking fire, the French were compelled to retire again behind their intrenchment in the western part of the garden, the Austrians retreating to the chapel and earthworks connecting with the Pavilion des Etrangers, a small building with very thin walls. Until July 17, day and night, the enemy in the opposite barriers poured in a steady fire, which the Austrians only returned by an occasional shot, as their ammunition had to be husbanded.
To cut off any further mines, a trench sixty yards long and ten feet deep was dug in front of the Pavilion des Etrangers. Of the 10,000 rounds of ammunition brought to Peking 2,000 were used by the men, and 2,000 by the machine-gun.
Mientras tanto otras muchas ciudades rivales se alzaran e intentaran hacer mas fuerte su imperio reclamando los territorios de sus vecinos, por lo que tu tendras que decidir si tratar con ellos mediante la fuerza, el comercio o la diplomacia. Uno de los elementos clave de ser miembro de una coalicion es que puedes intentar asaltar y conquistar panteones, edificios fortificados que generalmente estan controlados por una poderosa IA o por otros jugadores.
Both schemes are utilized in everything from placing blocks, attacking enemies, and mining.
Gear ranges from armors that add defense to players as well as consumables like potions, and even weapon drops. This is the general gameplay of Terraria, as the other elements constitute to the world-building mechanics–which are nonetheless interrupted by the day-to-night transitions.
When casted, these spells use mana, which is represented by stars, and can be replenished by potions. The modern SMS Meteor will complement nicely with the reorganized Adriatic fleets and task forces. The modern SMS Blitz will complement nicely with the reorganized Adriatic fleets and task forces.


The modern SMS Comet will complement nicely with the reorganized Adriatic fleets and task forces. The modern SMS Planet will complement nicely with the reorganized Adriatic fleets and task forces.
The modern SMS Trabant will complement nicely with the reorganized Adriatic fleets and task forces. People who have given or lent dogs to the army can, by keeping the number given to them on receipt of the animal, have news of their pets and their exploits, and some continue to keep in touch with their humble friends by sending them dainties from time to time. The animals have a remarkably acute sense of hearing, and are able to detect the enemy at a great distance and prepare the men to receive him. Another dog, Follette, in the same month, ran nearly two miles and was wounded, but nevertheless persisted in his mission, dying five days later.
The intelligence shown by these animals sometimes approaches very near to that of human beings, and one feels sure they are gratified at the attention drawn to their doings. The Red Cross Dog League, which began activities early in the war with eight dogs, now has two thousand five hundred animals in the field, and it claims that the lives of at least eight thousand wounded men have been saved by them. The dog is especially useful at this work in the night-time, when he can often by his scent discover fallen men who would otherwise be passed over, for at night-time ambulance-men often have to work in the dark, as lights would attract the enemy’s fire.
In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1 more than twelve thousand men were thus lost to the French alone, while in the Russo-Japanese War the Japanese lost over five thousand in this manner, showing that the methods then used for the exploration of the battlefields were inadequate.
There he remains on the qui vive, ready to signal the least suspicion of a noise or the presence of the enemy.
It consists in sending him after a patrol en route with a message, or even in finding a lost patrol or scouting party and bringing it back to its base.
After they have been tested, an operation which takes about three weeks, they are sent to special stations in the rear of the armies to be trained, and five or six days are all that are necessary for the training of animals for the simpler kinds of work. Some of these have the habit of rushing forward at the slightest alarm, which is of more danger than advantage to the soldiers to whom they might belong. A well-trained dog, acting with a sentinel or scouting party may be the means of preserving numbers of lives by saving them from unpleasant surprises. Nearly all the peasants who bring agricultural or dairy produce to market employ dogs to draw their small carts, sometimes harnessing whole teams to heavy loads. In other ways, however, the Germans were at the beginning of the war well provided with dogs for various purposes, including the ambulance service.
During the search following the unsuccessful attack, several Boxers were killed a few hundred yards to the north on Customs street.
Another one was built near the corner of Customs and Legation streets commanding Customs street. The Austrians shared in all the various services which the garrison of the French legation had to perform.
Their machine-gun did excellent service as long as the position behind the barricades could be maintained, and after this was given up it was sent from time to time to Russian, German, and English legations as needed. On June 29 the Chinese succeeded in making a break in the eastern wall on Customs street, and set fire to the French legation stables; but they had not sufficient courage to follow up the advantage gained with a rush. One small house was burned by the Austrians to prevent the Chinese from using it against them.
As was afterward seen, the Chinese had really attempted two further mines, but for some unknown reason had given up before they were completed.
The shield of the machine-gun shows the marks of having been struck by rifle-balls some fifty-odd times.
Para que los jugadores puedan usar un panteon tendran que conquistarlo y reconstruirlo antes de poder usarlo, aunque debido a la coordinacion necesaria esto es casi imposible para un unico arconte; cuando una coalicion lo consigue recibe valioso Orihalcon, un mineral que sirve para hacer sus unidades veteranas, lo que las vuelve mas poderosas y eficientes.
River Monitors like the SMS Leitha will always be much in vogue for a land Empire like Austria-Hungary! River Monitors like the SMS Maros will always be much in vogue for a land Empire like Austria-Hungary!
Thousands of sentinels, especially in the Argonne and the Vosges, where it is difficult to see far ahead owing to the nature of the ground, have owed it to their dogs that they have not been surprised and killed or taken prisoners. In a part of the Vosges a battalion of Chasseurs which utilized a particularly intelligent animal as a sentinel did not lose a single man, while a battalion which had preceded it, and which had no dog, lost seven sentries in three days.
Recently there was a special public parade at the Trocadero in Paris, when the Societe Protectrice des Animaux presented prizes to soldiers who had distinguished themselves in the training of animals. Having found a wounded man still alive, the dog brings his master (or the ambulance-man to whom he is attached) some article belonging to the sufferer.
In that war three dogs sent by a military dog society found twenty-three wounded men who had been abandoned after the battle of Cha-ho. Taken along by a patrol or scouting party, he can be sent back to the main body with a message fixed to his collar.
It will readily be understood that an exceptional scent is required in a dog to do work of this sort.
They are mainly fed on rice, horse-flesh, and waste military biscuits, and this fare appears to suit them admirably, as they are always in splendid condition, and disease is practically unknown. The dog is also greatly used in Belgium for sport, and from the sporting dog to the police dog is but a step. The German papers published appeals from the authorities asking dog owners to offer their pets for war purposes, and many thousands were obtained as a result. A strong barricade was built to command East Legation street, and a sort of block-house was erected at the main gate. But this necessitated relinquishing the barrier in the southern end of Customs street and easternmost line of cover in Legation street, the garrisons being under rear and flank fire. At some point a refit for both the SMS Maros and SMS Leitha needs to occur in order to replace their obsolescent muzzle-loading guns with rifled, long range, steel breach loading guns. Telegraphists and others were thereupon able to instal themselves, and before morning the Germans’ position was satisfactorily examined and an enemy redoubt smashed up. Collars of honour were also awarded to a large number of dogs exhibited by the soldiers who had trained them.
In the Boer War the collie dogs taken out by the men, it is said, saved hundreds of wounded men who would never have been found by the ambulance-workers in the difficult country where fighting mostly took place. He is kept on the leash, and he gives the signal of danger by a slight growl, without barking, which would give the alarm. The note having been removed and read, a reply can be attached to his collar, and the dog sent back to the original body of men, even if they have changed their position, since he finds them again by his scent. When dogs are to be trained as communication agents the instruction may take several weeks. The dog in war—as sentinel, courier, scout, or ambulance worker—followed, and was the idea of Professor Reul, of the Veterinary School of Cureghem, and two journalists named Van der Snick and Sodenkampf. The tears of sympathy on this occasion evidenced the sorrow of the men, and the general esteem in which the fallen had been held.
The greatest difficulty in the training of dogs for this work has been to rid them of the habit of barking, but this has been overcome with care and patience. A dog is not only much quicker in carrying these messages than a man, and can cover ground where no cycle could go, but he also has an advantage in being almost invisible to the enemy.
They are taught to go from one master to another, first by a call, then by a whistle, then simply at a mere gesture. In 1885-6 the first dogs trained to some of these purposes were shown at a dog show at Ostend, and shortly afterwards societies were started at Brussels, Liege, Lierre, Ghent and other places, not merely for the training of dogs, but to improve the breeds.
Two of the sailors were never recovered, but all the others were able to extricate themselves from the ruins with but slight injuries. In other cases the War Cross has been awarded to dogs that have performed conspicuous deeds, especially in the saving of life.
The ambulance-man who receives the article at once puts the animal on a leash, and is immediately led to his wounded comrade. If on a leash, he can conduct a man in charge of reinforcements or ammunition to the new position of the patrolling party—sometimes over a distance of several miles.
Distances are gradually increased, obstacles are placed in the way, the animal’s goal becomes invisible, and so on. Lieutenant van der Putte, of the Belgian army, started the Societe du Chien Sanitaire for the express purpose of training dogs for ambulance work and soon afterwards similar societies were organized in Paris and Berlin.
With the detachment arrived also Captain Thomann von Montalmar and Lieutenant Ritter von Winterhalter, so that there were five officers and thirty men at Peking. The detachment guarded also the Belgian legation until the Belgian minister left there, and came to the Austrian legation on June 16.
The leash is about two yards long, so that the movements of the animal shall be hindered as little as possible.
A man crawling on patrol work can take a dog with him, also in a crouching position, on a leash. Much patience is required in this kind of work; and it is found that the best results are obtained by kindness and giving rewards for good work accomplished. A little tug at the leash causes the dog to rise, to retire, or to change its direction, and a properly-trained animal will answer to the leash as satisfactorily as a horse does to the reins.
When they understand that they have to obey only one or two men, they have to learn to follow one or both of them when marching in a column of infantry, to recognize them when in a group, and so on.
Above all, they are strictly trained never to pick up articles on their journey and to refuse delicacies offered them by strangers.



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