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Have you ever tried tracing back your family tree only to get stuck at great great Grandpa Jim?
When you purchase the kit, you have the option to donate your results to the project’s DNA database. Proceeds from kit sales fund research of and conservation efforts for indigenous and traditional groups. In addition to the research, The Genographic Project is supportive of science education and its website has lot of interesting information about the science of human evolution and the science behind the project.
If you are interested in learning more about your own background, want to know how to contribute, or are curious about our human origins visit The Genographic Project.
November 9, 2006—They might be small, spiky, and spineless, but they're still family.
In fact, California purple urchins share more than 7,000 genes with humans, making them closer cousins to us than are fruit flies and worms, animals more commonly used as models in genetics research.
A description of the achievement, along with several related studies, will be published in tomorrow's issue of the journal Science.
Gary Wessel is a biology professor at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, and a member of the Sea Urchin Genome Sequencing Consortium.
The results of the genetic sequencing also held an unusual surprise for Wessel: The eyeless urchins can see.
Listen to your favorite National Geographic news daily, anytime, anywhere from your mobile phone. IU will honor the GlobalNOC's past and future at a 15th anniversary celebration Tuesday, Sept.
Indiana University has implemented the Kuali Coeus Institutional Review Board, a comprehensive online system for the submission, review and approval of human subjects research. The National Center for Genome Analysis and Support (NCGAS) has announced new services to help biological researchers store and share their work, speeding scientific discovery and breakthroughs in many fields of study.
Registration is now open for the IEEE Cluster 2013 conference, hosted by IU's Pervasive Technology Institute, September 23-27 at the Hilton Indianapolis. Professors Thomas Sterling and Andrew Lumsdaine will deliver keynotes and lead workshops, tutorials and discussions on a variety of topics at the 2013 International Supercomputing Conference, the world's oldest global conference and exhibition for high performance computing, networking and storage. The center of the universe will be in Indianapolis June 2 to 6, at least as far as the study of the universe is concerned, as more than 500 scientists, educators and journalists are expected for the 222nd meeting of the American Astronomical Society.
IEEE Cluster 2013 conference organizers today announced the featured speakers at this year's event. With privacy concerns addressed, Indiana University has re-released the free app Kinsey Reporter, a global mobile survey platform for collecting and reporting anonymous data about sexual and other intimate behaviors. NASA's Operation IceBridge mission wraps up its spring flight season this week, gathering radar data about Earth's polar ice sheets to help scientists better understand global climate change. Indiana University confirmed its leadership in high performance, data-intensive computing by unveiling Big Red II, a powerful new supercomputer with a processing speed of one thousand trillion floating-point operations per second (one petaFLOPS). Indiana University's new supercomputer is expected to further advance international collaborations reliant on big data research at a time when the globalization of education, science and research is omnipresent. Indiana University and Internet2 announced a $2 million initiative to stimulate collaboration in higher education cybersecurity efforts in response to President Obama's cybersecurity challenge. This week the HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) announced the availability of data mining and analytics tools for the HathiTrust Digital Library, a collection of digital texts from over 70 research libraries around the world. The TechPoint Mira Awards recognized Indiana University for the deployment of IUanyWare, a cloud-based service that provides IU students, faculty and staff with on-demand access to over 200 software applications. Indiana University has saved nearly $20 million by joining with other universities to reduce administrative costs for essential financial software systems. IUanyWare, Indiana University's cloud software service, is a 2013 recipient of ACUTA's prestigious Institutional Excellence award.
Indiana University shares its expertise in advanced networking with the launch of a new lecture series for state business and industry leaders.
Kuali People Management for the Enterprise (KPME) announces the release of version 1.5, designed to meet the human resources needs of higher education.
Indiana University today announces SAGE as the latest publisher to sign on to its eTexts initiative.
Indiana University has announced an agreement with Cengage Learning to provide eTexts for students on all IU campuses. IEEE Cluster 2013 conference organizers are seeking input from the high performance computing community, in an effort to make the "Clusters and Cyberinfrastructure Strategy" event as informative as possible. Nearly 10,000 Indiana University students are using digital textbooks (eTexts) this spring semester as part of IU's pioneering eTexts initiative. Indiana University's Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies (CREST) is the recipient of a three-year, $1.1 million grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop software that improves the speed and programmability of supercomputers. The Indiana Center for Network Translational Research and Education (InCNTRE) at Indiana University is hosting its first single-controller vendor Software-Defined Networking (SDN) Lab PlugFest this Feb. Indiana University and Adobe are partnering to present Adobe Days 2013 on the IUPUI and IU Bloomington campuses. Vital research collaborations involving China, Europe and the United States will be safeguarded through the first major agreement among partners running the two main high-speed research and education (R&E) Internet routes across Asia, Europe and North America.
Thomas Sterling, executive associate director of the Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies (CREST) and professor of computer science in the IU School of Informatics and Computing, has been named an HPCwire person to watch in 2013. The Indiana Center for Network Translational Research and Education (InCNTRE) has announced that Steve Wallace will step into the role of acting executive director. Indiana University's IT Communications Office recently received several awards from the Chicago chapter of the Society for Technical Communication (STC). Network architects from a range of Fortune 500 companies will converge on the Indiana Center for Network Translational Research and Education (InCNTRE) on Wednesday, January 23, to take part in a new user group promoting OpenFlow and other software-defined networking (SDN) technologies. The National Center for Genome Analysis Support (NCGAS) is expanding its reach by adding tools, services and partners to help biological research communities make important new scientific discoveries. With 6 billion mobile phone subscriptions worldwide -- that's about 87 percent of the world population -- and an even higher percentage of users estimated on campuses, Indiana University has embarked on a mobile security campaign to heighten awareness about the tools available to safeguard users and their products. The organizing committee for the IEEE* Cluster 2013 conference is now accepting proposals for tutorials, technical papers, posters, panels, and visualizations. A recent networking breakthrough from IU researchers, in collaboration with Orange Silicon Valley and DataDirect Networks, showed that data sharing can be faster and more efficient over wide area networks (WAN). Researchers from Indiana University's Pervasive Technology Institute will serve as collaborating partners on a major grant from the U.S.
Indiana University today announced the successor to its internationally recognized Data Capacitor research data storage platform.
Indiana University networking experts were recently recognized by Internet2 for their efforts to enhance broadband connectivity and support advanced services and cloud applications across the United States.
IU will replace its current Data Capacitor with Data Capacitor II, a high-speed, high-capacity storage facility for very large data sets. Indiana University will display its leadership in high performance computing and networking technologies at the annual International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, also known as SC12 (Supercomputing 2012). QuakeSim, an Indiana University-supported collection of online data and tools from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and multiple university partners, is a recipient of NASA's 2012 Software of the Year Award. Data vital to understanding global climate change will benefit from more efficient and secure processing, thanks to a new tool created by members of Indiana University's Research Technologies Systems. Recording light from millions of light years away and then sending it to the Indiana University Data Center at the corner of 10th Street and state Rt.
Indiana University announced today (September 14) an agreement with Elsevier's Science & Technology Books division to provide eTexts for students on all IU campuses.
A recent National Science Foundation (NSF) grant will further enable Indiana University to help scientists solve their toughest data problems. Indiana University and Ivy Tech Community College have announced a technology support partnership to help college students use technology for increased success.
Indiana University has signed agreements with technology providers CourseNetworking LLC and Instructure Inc. The Apache Software Foundation recently asked Suresh Marru of the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute to join its exclusive membership. The announcement July 4 that scientists have observed a new particle that may be the elusive Higgs boson spelled success for Indiana University researchers who worked for years on a massive experiment that detected the particle. Internet2 announced today, July 20, that Indiana University President Michael McRobbie was elected as the sixth chair of the board of trustees and will serve until July 2015. Key software used to study gene expression now runs four times faster, thanks to performance improvements put in place by a team from the Indiana University Pervasive Technology Institute (PTI), the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and Technische Universitat Dresden. Indiana University has received a Campus Technology 2012 Innovators Award for the development of IUanyWARE, a cloud-based service that provides students, faculty and staff with on-demand access to hundreds of software applications.
The announcement last week that scientists have observed a new particle that may be the elusive Higgs boson spelled success for Indiana University researchers who worked for years on a massive experiment that detected the particle. Leaders from the China Education and Research Network (CERNET), IU, Internet2, and the Chinese government met Thursday, June 21, at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China to demonstrate unique applications now possible over a new10Gbps internet link between the education and research networks of the US and China.
Beginning July 1, Indiana University will establish a new Office of Scholarly Publishing, newly appointed IU executive vice president and provost of the Bloomington campus Lauren Robel announced.
Indiana University is again leading the way to better health care by enabling scientists to share research more rapidly and securely over the Internet. Indiana University received a $492,588 National Science Foundation grant to help scientists study rising sea levels and the impact of storm surge on coastal communities. Networking giant Cisco is the latest company to join InCNTRE's Software-Defined Networking Interoperability Lab, the world's only neutral, third-party testing lab for SDN. IDG's CIO magazine has honored Indiana University as a recipient of the 2012 CIO 100 award. The Sakai Foundation recently selected its 2012 Sakai Fellows, and three of the six recipients have direct ties to Indiana University. Indiana University and Pearson are working together to reduce the costs of digital textbooks for students on all IU campuses.
Senior, higher education executives announced today that they will use the nation's fastest, coast-to-coast network to implement new technologies that support scientific "Big Data" and cloud applications to drive innovation in global collaborative research. Scientists may next be able to exploit the deadly fly's live birth and mammalian-like milk in battle against sleeping sickness. The genome of the tsetse flya€”a disease-ridden insect with surprisingly mammalian biology that stalks the people and livestock of sub-Saharan Africaa€”has been decoded, a team of 146 scientists announced today in Science. The sequence has revealed chinks in its strange biology that could help alleviate the human suffering and economic losses caused by the trypanosome parasite it transmits.

The new genome may provide a host of new weapons in the control of sleeping sickness, more properly called trypanosomiasis after the parasite that causes it, as well as of its livestock counterpart, nagana. The tsetse genome is about one-tenth the size of the human genome, with 366 million base pairs, compared to three billion or so in the human genome. Twelve of those genes code for proteins in milk production, an indication of how important lactation is to the survival of the tsetse. The genome also reflects the tsetse fly's unusual feeding strategy, which is confined to blood. According to Aksoy, knowing the full tsetse genome might provide better guidance for setting traps, which currently rely on chemical and visual cues and are generally inefficient.
Aksoy said that knowing the genes involved in smell, taste, and vision might also lead to better lures or repellents that capitalize on particular genes. And, she hopes, it might be possible to administer vaccines to livestock that create antibodies to the proteins found in the tsetse gut and saliva glands. The people in the parts of Africa most affected, he said, lie outside the reach of public health programs and the notice of politicians, even though sleeping sickness is on the World Health Organization's list of the world's 17 most neglected tropical diseases. On 13 June, 2011, a woman was transferred to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center with an infection of Klebsiella pneumoniae. The second patient was diagnosed with K.pneumoniae on 5 August, and every week after that, a new case popped up. How did the bacteria manage to spread so effectively, despite everything that the hospital did to stem its flow? By looking the genetic similarities between different samples, and matching these to the physical overlaps between the 18 patients, Snitkin’s team reconstructed the most likely path of the bacteria.
Snitkin also found that Patient 1 had at least three genetically distinct versions of the same bacteria, each of which led to a different chain of the outbreak (see image below). Snitkin’s study shows just how formidable Klebsiella can be, and how hospitals need to go out of their way to prevent outbreaks.
In this case, Snitkin did all his work after the outbreak was over, but with sequencing technologies becomes cheaper and faster, there’s no reason why such analyses couldn’t be done in real time. UV disinfection seems like the safest, most effective means of control if autoclaving is not an option. You don’t have to visit a hospital to be exposed to the hundreds of thousands of pathogens on earth. When wounded, poisonous nightshade can be sweet, a revelation that has scientists reconsidering the evolution of nectar. Top picks You can sign up for The Ed’s Up—a weekly newsletter of my writing plus some of the best stuff from around the Internet.
Who We ArePhenomena is a gathering of spirited science writers who take delight in the new, the strange, the beautiful and awe-inspiring details of our world.
Erika Engelhaupt is the online science editor at National Geographic and manages the Phenomena blog network.
Maryn McKenna is an award-winning journalist and the author of Superbug and Beating Back the Devil.
DisclaimerThe views expressed are those of the writer and are not necessarily those of the National Geographic Society. Men have lost the DNA code that once made human penises spiny, according to a new analysis of the human genome.
Penile spines, which are still present in several modern animals, are usually small barbs of keratina€”a type of hard tissuea€”that line the outside of the organ. The prehistoric male enhancement existed in the common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans, which lived about six million years ago, according to the gene analysis. These deletions have brought about various changes to our bodies, for instance, boosting our brain sizes and stripping our faces of sensory whiskers. The DNA deletionsa€”actually the result of rare cell mutationsa€”do not hinder the overall function of a gene, the study authors noted.
Co-author Bejerano emphasized that one of the paper's key messages is that sometimes small changes to DNA sequences can actually lead to larger, more elaborate structures in organisms, such as more complex brains. For instance, such minor genetic shifts have made human penises smoother and simpler over time, according to the study, which appears tomorrow in the journal Nature. For instance, the spines can break through copulatory plugs, or coagulated secretions of fluids placed inside the female by other males to prevent different sperm from fertilizing the egg.
Snook, who studies the evolution of sperm form and function, said theories linking simpler genitalia to monogamy are still tenuous. For instance, a phylogenetic analysisa€”a study comparing the presence or absence of spiny penises in different organisms over timea€”would offer more insight. Overall, this type of sophisticated DNA research became possible just ten years ago, when the human genome was published, Snook noted. Select your travel style--whether it's our signature expeditions, our active outdoors adventures, or our lower-priced journeys.
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While most of our DNA is a combination of our paternal and maternal DNA, there are certain pieces of DNA that remain unchanged from generation to generation. The kit analyzes specific regions of maternal mitochondrial DNA, paternal Y-chromosome DNA, and bi-parental autosomal DNA searching for ancestry rich information. DNA information, combined with additional hereditary information you provide in a questionnaire, helps the researchers build the human species family tree. These are groups who have been relatively isolated throughout history and whose DNA might hold unique and interesting information. There are special resources to help educators including school projects, videos and classroom materials. Presently, the project is shifting focus towards data analysis, with new and interesting results shared on the project’s blog and newsletter. Like many other scientists, he has used the marine animals for decades as models to study human processes such as fertilization and embryo development. Genes associated with vision are active in the urchins' tube feet, suggesting that their limbs can sense light. 10, in the Informatics & Communications Technology Complex on the Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis campus.
With seven Institutional Review Boards and more than 4,800 approved active research studies, IU is the largest university to implement this community-developed open source software. IU earned the distinction for its pioneering eTexts initiative and recent wireless network upgrade to ensure reliable and secure access to digital materials. The twice-yearly IceBridge missions generate massive amounts of data -- all stored and archived by Indiana University's research cyberinfrastructure.
Offering unmatched speed, Big Red II will be the fastest university-owned supercomputer in the nation. ACUTA (the Association for Information Communications Technology Professionals in Higher Education) is an international nonprofit dedicated to serving the needs of higher education, including nearly 2,000 individuals at some 700 institutions.
This version includes a new Leave Management module, which lets organizations and their employees accrue, request, report and track benefit time (such as paid time off and sick days) for faculty and staff. SAGE is now the 11th publisher to partner with the university to provide digital materials to students on all IU campuses. With this addition, IU reaches an important milestone: Faculty and students now have favorable pricing for and access to digital materials from all of IU's largest publishers.
Hosted by Indiana University's Pervasive Technology Institute, Cluster 2013 will take place September 23-27, 2013, at the Hilton Hotel in Indianapolis.
Since 2000, the Mira Awards have recognized the movers and shakers of the state's IT industry.
The third annual event showcases Adobe tools and resources that help students and instructors of all disciplines connect, discover, create and inspire. The publication's annual list features 12 movers and shakers whose reach extends beyond high performance computing (HPC) to shape future directions of technology, propelling scientific and engineering advancements. The newly formed InCNTRE SDN User Group (ISUG) will bring together business leaders from insurance, finance, travel and healthcare who are investigating SDN technologies and the impact they may have on their networks. Today (January 14), in conjunction with its participation in the Plant and Animal Genome Conference (PAG XXI), NCGAS announced three initiatives to accelerate US public and private sector research and development in biology and biomedical research.
Hosted by IU's Pervasive Technology Institute, Cluster 2013 will take place September 23-27, 2013, at the Hilton Hotel in Indianapolis. The team performed the world's first demonstration of RDMA (Remote Direct Memory Access) over Converged Ethernet (RoCE) across a wide area network using the Lustre file system. Department of Homeland Security to address vulnerabilities arising during the process of software development. The new system, called Data Capacitor II (DCII), is a five petabyte storage resource engineered to provide scientific researchers with high performance access to a robust storage facility. Their efforts will help provide advanced networking features for more than 200,000 of the country's community anchor institutions, including libraries, hospitals, K-12 schools, community colleges and public safety organizations. With five petabytes of storage, Data Capacitor II will support big data applications used in computational research. The award recognizes innovative software technologies that significantly improve the agency's space exploration and maximize scientific discovery on Earth. The NSF has selected Indiana University as a partner in a grant to create the Science Gateway Institute. The new version brings additional features and improvements to a software system that touches vital university functions every day.
This honor is bestowed on IT developers whose skills have significantly contributed to the foundation's projects.
President McRobbie joined the board in 2009 and succeeds University of Michigan President Mary Sue Coleman, who served as chair for the last year and as a member of the board since 2003.
The Innovators Award recognizes universities that deploy extraordinary technology solutions to meet campus challenges. The Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CTSI), of which IU is a founding member, recently became the first health care research institute to be named to the InCommon Federation's Research & Scholarship category. Department of Energy have renewed funding for the Open Science Grid project, providing $27 million from 2012 to 2016. Through this grant, IU will improve the performance of oceanic computer models, which scientists use to protect millions of people living near coasts around the world. The 25th annual award recognizes organizations around the world that exemplify operational and strategic excellence in information technology.

IU's Chris Maurer and Lynn Ward received the honor along with former employee Lance Speelmon. IU's eTexts initiative enables faculty to optionally choose these digital textbooks and online exercises at reduced prices for students. The intent is to strengthen the nation's position as a global leader in research and education for decades to come, and at the same time help control higher education costs. The fly carries the parasite for sleeping sickness, which strikes about 20,000 people a year and puts an estimated 70 million people in sub-Saharan Africa at risk. For instance, the tsetse genome reveals a single regulatory protein, ladybird late, that orchestrates milk production in the fly.
These 12 genes include a whole new family of milk proteins uncovered during genome sequencing. The fly makes up for nutritional deficiencies by playing host to a variety of symbiotic bacteria that synthesize some of the vitamins its blood-only diet lacks.
Tsetse fly control teams have long known that the flies are attracted to blue and black, but now that scientists know the genes involved in color sensing, they can compare them to genes in other species, thereby discovering the best shade of dark blue to use.
This would keep the flies from digesting their blood meals well; without sufficient energy and nutrition, they'd be unable to support a pregnancy.
One medication is essentially arsenic, given in doses high enough to kill the parasite but not quite high enough to kill the patient. The research, said James, "opens up people's minds in a way that they can now consider doing types of experiments they wouldn't have thought of doing before without it. This opportunistic bacterium likes to infect people whose immune systems have been previously weakened, and it does well in hospitals. But by then, she had already spread her infection to at least three other patients, despite the hospital’s strict precautions. K.pneumoniae’s stealthy nature makes it nigh impossible to work out the path of transmission through normal means. Instead, the bacterial genomes revealed that K.pneumoniae had jumped from Patients 1 to 2, via 3 and 5.
The microbe’s stealthy nature means that hospital staff need to actively search for it after a colonised patient has been discharged, even if no one is currently showing symptoms. Snitkin’s team isolated a strain matching that of Patient 6, from a ventilator that had already been cleaned twice with ammonia and once with bleach. Many of the links in Snitkin’s web of infection can be explained because patients briefly shared space or equipment. The point is that microbes which survive in hospitals are usually highly resistant to antimicrobials because they live in an environment where antimicrobials are used constantly.
Phenomena is hosted by National Geographic magazine, which invites you to join the conversation. No Place Like Home is her space to talk about space—from other worlds to the fabric of the universe. Laelaps is his writing laboratory, dedicated to sifting through natural history for tales of evolution, extinction, and survival. Not Exactly Rocket Science is his hub for talking about the awe-inspiring, beautiful and quirky world of science to as many people as possible. In some modern animals, such as domestic cats, penile spines help males fertilize females when sperm competition inside the female is fierce. Before joining the Geographic staff in 2006, he was a freelance science writer and author specializing in human evolution and biology. Sometimes, a mutation occurs in these DNA segments and this mutation gets passed down unmixed to subsequent generations.
This differs from other popular genetic kits which may analyze an individual’s whole genome for trait information like eye color or medical information.
In addition the intricacies of the human brain, she is interested in science education and how current teaching practices influence society’s understanding of science. Schopf officially joined the Office of the Vice President for Information Technology and CIO on Aug.
Representatives from Courseload and IU accepted the award at the IMS Global Learning Impact 2013 conference.
Keyes, professor of applied mathematics and computational science at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia, will be the keynote speaker.
The event will let SDN Lab members test the interoperability of their products with Big Switch Networks' commercial controller, the Big Network Controller. The Department of Homeland Security awarded a $23.6 million grant to the Morgridge Institute for Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to create the Software Assurance Marketplace, which, over the next five years, will work closely with developers of new software analysis technology and the open source community to advance the security of software. DCII will be used for a range of applications, including management of massive research data sets, high-scale data analysis, genomic sequencing and computational visualization.
Named Big Red II, the next-generation Cray XK supercomputer will be capable of one thousand trillion floating-point operations per second, or one petaFLOPS.
The university will carry out the pilot trials during a two-year evaluation period to assess the technologies that can best support the changing needs of students and faculty. Indiana University will receive $3.82 million of the award to continue running OSG's Operations Center, highlighting IU's noted expertise in grid computing and ability to deliver a reliable, secure, easy-to-use environment. And since the disease also affects livestock, it makes animal husbandry all but impossible in some parts of the region, exacting a severe economic toll. The female then gives birth, much like squeezing a slug of toothpaste from a tube, to a single undulating larva nearly her own size. Targeting that protein with inhibitory chemicals could be a good strategy for population controla€”less milk, less fertility.
Most treatments have serious side effects, or have become less effective over time; there is no vaccine.
In recent years, it has also evolved resistance to carbapenems – the frontline antibiotics that are usually used to treat it. The only contacts she had with other patients were two brief stints in an intensive care unit. None of them knew it at the time, for K.pneumoniae can silently colonise the guts of its host without causing symptoms for long spans of time. All the infected people were kept in a separate part of the hospital, and assigned a dedicated group of staff who didn’t work on any other patients.
Instead, Evan Snitkin from the National Human Genome Research Institute sequenced the entire genomes of bacteria taken from all the infected patients.
This is exactly why genetic data is important: the bacteria can hide silently for so long, that patients who were colonised weeks before might only show symptoms after more recent infections. The clusters that began with Patient 8 (and ended there) and Patient 4 (and spread to 12 others) involved bacteria from Patient 1’s groin and airways.
The hospital staff actually carried out some surveillance when this happened and didn’t find any traces of Klebsiella, but Snitkin suggests that such measures need to continue for a longer period of time.
You could quickly tell if you’re dealing with multiple outbreaks involving different bacterial strains or, as in this case, a single assault from one strain.
Tracking a Hospital Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae with Whole-Genome Sequencing.
The more I learn about horrifying antibiotic-resistant nosocomial bacteria, the more I’m determined never to visit a hospital unless I have to. My mum has breast cancer and my relatives are ageing so I’ve had a lot of cause to visit hospitals recently. Not only will you learn about your lineage but you’ll have the opportunity to contribute to our scientific understanding of the human story. With a simple cheek swab and a few weeks time, the Geno 2.0 analysis will give you a report telling you about the migration patterns of your paternal and maternal lineage, and the percentages of your geographic origins.
Proceeds also help fund the Genographic Legacy Fund, that awards grants to community-led cultural conservations projects. The project developers hope to create a managed forum for citizen scientists to help with analysis. Thomas Sterling, professor of informatics and computing at Indiana University and executive associate director of IU's Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies, will deliver the closing address.
Next.IU launched in fall 2012 with exploratory studies of Instructure's Canvas learning management system (LMS) and CourseNetworking's social media-based learning environment. Equipment from SDN switch vendors Dell, Extreme Networks, HP, IBM and NEC as well as SDN testing manufacturers Ixia and Spirent will be tested at the event. And a female tsetse fly produces only eight to ten offspring her whole life (compared to a female mosquito, which produces teeming hordes of larvae every cycle, up to about a thousand over her life span). These resistant strains kill more than half of the people they infect, and the new patient at the NIH hospital was carrying just such a strain.
The outbreak was contained, but not before it had spread to 18 people in total, and killed 6 of them. His study is the latest in a growing number of efforts to use the power of modern genetic technology to understand the spread and evolution of diseases.
It just goes to show that even after the most thorough of cleans, you need to check to see if there’s anything living left.
Whereas these hospital bacteria have a higher chance of killing people, even healthy people with high functioning immune systems. In the meantime, interested researchers and citizen scientists are welcome to contact the team at to apply for access to the data. Snitkin identified 5 other patients who overlapped with 1 and 4 at different times, and could have shuttled the bacteria between them. Neanderthals briefly coexisted with early humans and apparently intermingled from time to time.
Williams, IU's first director of international networking, who is retiring after a 30-year career at the university. None of these potential carriers tested positive, but it’s possible that they could harbour K.pneumoniae below the level that we can detect. Patients like these could be actively monitored, or even isolated, to stop future outbreaks before they happen.
While people of African descent have much less because Neanderthals evolved outside of Africa and never traveled back to Africa,” says Vilar.

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