Threats to network security and solutions,business continuity plans uk ireland,plan b disaster recovery ltd birmingham,emergency management jobs birmingham al 5k - And More

Connect Us On FaceBook and Google+Dinesh Thakur is a Technology Columinist and founder of Computer Notes and Technology Motivation.
Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.
Revealing the network security threats presented by social networking, Zephyr Networks was not surprised when Twitter experienced a serious security problem on April 23, 2013. After years of hacks that typically involved little more than obscene language, Twitter’s sub-par security measures have now caused serious real-world consequences and revealed a new form of network security threats. Many hacks happen when account owners use guessable passwords or access Twitter over public Wi-Fi and shared computers. Security experts have called on Twitter for years to beef up its security using simple methods: Sharply limit the login attempts allowed from a single IP address. What is so frightening to Zephyr Networks is that the Associated Press hack was not an isolated case of Twitter hacks and network security threats. Twitter can tweet about best practices all it wants, but that approach clearly is not working and will not protect your company. Bi-Modal IT As The Vehicle For Your Company’s Safe Migration To The Hybrid CloudAre you worried about your company’s safe migration to the hybrid cloud?
The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) performed a survey to conclude the biggest threats to corporate security. David Perla, President of Bloomberg Law, stated “We’ve all seen the damage that data breaches can inflict on corporations. The majority of respondents claimed that the most important factor for reducing risk of a data breach was buy-in from corporate leadership, according to Inside Counsel.
As privacy concerns change so frequently, it is imperative to stay informed as much as possible. Fortunately, Bloomberg Law has devised numerous products to assist counsel in law comparison on breach notifications, privacy, regulations, agency guidance, and more. In addition to bringing you the latest news from the insurance industry, PL Risk provides Resources for Agents and Brokers nationwide.
During the last few years there have been a number of high profile hacks and breaches, it has became apparent that security professionals and IT departments have to remain alert in order to protect their organisation’s IT infrastructure. Social Engineering is one of the oldest tactics that hackers have at their disposal, with the roots of this technique steeped firmly in the hackers ability to use their intelligence to take advantage of the human aspect of security. Hackers have been finding more intelligent ways to utilise social engineering to access their target’s IT infrastructure, but all is not lost.
It’s a sad but true fact that some of the most devastating attacks have came from the inside, whether it is employee fraud or a disgruntled employee who feels wronged by the company.
Bring Your Own Device or BYOD is the policy of allowing employees to bring personally owned laptops, tablets and smart phones to their workplace and allowing those devices to access resources on the company networks. With more companies putting more information in online cloud services, those services become enticing targets to hackers, whether their objective is data theft, denial of service or malicious intent it’s extremely important that the proper measures are taken in order to ensure the safety of your organisations data. Botnets are collections of computers which have malicious software installed allowing hackers to utilise their resources to perform automated tasks over the internet, most often than not without the computer owner knowing.
Most organisations can’t see the attacks happening on their network, therefore you don’t know that there is an attack or even if a security breach has occurred. Most organisations don’t have the required skills to monitor their network due to the complexity of network security. Our managed service solves all of these problems by making the threats visible, we eliminate the complexity due to our skills and we monitor continuously. If you’d like to find out more about our managed network security services the please get in contact via the Contact Us Page. In a networking environment, the data on networked computers is far more at risk from potential security threats than data on stand alone computers, even more so if the network has connections to other networks, or the Internet. A user account must be created for a user before that user can log into the network and access network resources.
The activities associated with network security are many and varied, but they have the broad aim of protecting the physical network infrastructure, the software configuration of the network, and the data stored on network computers. Physical security will be an issue in any network, but is particularly critical for organisations that have large numbers of people moving around the premises on a daily basis (e.g. A virus is a small piece of program code that can enter a computer system by attaching itself to a data file or program file. Encryption is the process of transforming information (or plain text) using an encryption algorithm (or cipher) to make it unreadable to anyone receiving the information unless they have a key. Connecting a network to the Internet creates a two-way flow of traffic that potentially opens the door to various forms of attack. The packet-filtering routers inspect incoming and outgoing packets to ensure that they conform to some predetermined criteria. Proxy servers can be set up to save copies of recently accessed web documents for a pre-determined length of time in a cache, so that subsequent requests for the same document can be serviced locally, providing the original stored on the server has not been modified since the copy was downloaded. DISCLAIMER: All background wallpapers found here are believed to be in the "public domain". Stocks plunged sharply after a hacker accessed the AP newswire’s account and tweeted about a false White House emergency. What is even more important is the threat that Twitter brings to your own company, increasing  network security threats. If one person who tweets from a corporate account loses his or her phone, an entire corporation’s Twitter account could be at risk.
As always happens after a hack, a company spokesman said the typical blank response, “We don’t comment on individual accounts for privacy and security reasons.” As a result, Twitter has put the onus on brands to ensure they’re being smart about choosing and sharing passwords. If you are worried about the network security and the cyber defense of your company, please contact Zephyr Networks today.
What was found was that inside hackers and vendors are the two most common extortions that are mostly overlooked by companies. In addition, they cited the most significant sources of risk as employee monitoring at 35 percent and vendor management at 30 percent. Craig Newman, chairman of the Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP’s privacy and data security sector, states “The data security environment is changing on an hourly basis. As both inside and outside counsel play such a large role in privacy and security management, these tools are essential to a corporation’s success. We’ve recently implemented Hiscox Now, which allows agents their own access to Hiscox and instant quoting. There are many tools available these days to aid a hacker in their social engineering efforts, from email spoofing software to fake websites created to look like sites such as Gmail, Facebook and LinkedIn or banking sites. The effects of these scenarios can be shattering to a business but with proper planning and taking simple steps such as protecting who has access to mainframes and company servers, can help protect and reduce the amount of cyber attacks. This can present a number of risks to your IT infrastructure, these can range from data protection issues to stolen devices giving attackers access to your data and network.
Regular back-ups, encryption and strong password conventions are all possible routes to increasing how secure your cloud data is. Criminals use these bot networks for a variety of uses, such as sending spam emails, spreading viruses, attacking computers and servers or committing acts of fraud. Most organisations don’t have the internal resources to properly secure themselves from the threats that are out there, that is why Networks First recommend seeking the expertise of network security professionals in order to increase and maintain the security of your companies data and network. Most organisations don’t have the internal resources to properly secure themselves against the threats of cyber crime, that is why Networks First recommend seeking the expertise of network security professionals in order to increase and maintain the security of your companies data and network.
It is important, therefore, to take all reasonable precautions to protect the network from hackers, viruses, and other security threats. The account maintains information about the user, such as their username, their password, a list of resources to which they are allowed access, and the level of access they have to each resource.
It should be remembered, however, that while a significant value can be placed on hardware, or the time taken to reconfigure network software, the value of data may be incalculable, and the loss, corruption or theft of data can have catastrophic consequences for an organisation. To provide a degree of separation between an organisation's local area network and other networks, firewalls are often employed.
Those that do not are dropped, while those that pass this test are passed to the application gateway for more detailed scrutiny.
When a user requests a web page by clicking on a link or entering the URL of the page, the request is sent to the proxy server rather than to the web server on which the page resides. Caching reduces both the time required to access the document and the overall volume of data traversing the network's Internet links.


While Twitter can’t control those issues, Zephyr Networks wants to point out that our network security threats team addresses such issues once we are hired to protect your company. In July 2011, News Corp.’s Fox News account — followed by more than 2 million people — was hacked in and tweeted that President Obama had been assassinated. Following all these hacks, Twitter tweeted a link to a “friendly reminder about password security.” Thank you very much, but Zephyr Networks knows that your company needs more than a mere link to protect your company against the network security threats created by social networking. Like automated firewalls that identify and repel viruses without any need for human interaction, security aware protocols help employees identify and repel social-engineering attacks. Again creating security protocols designed to limit access to sensitive data and changing passwords on a regular basis can limit the potential of an insider attack.
Although BYOD presents a number of risks there are also a wealth of benefits such as lower hardware costs, and increased mobile flexibility, the trick is to utilise the services of a IT security professional who can implement Mobile Device Management policies and utilise software designed to combat the risks of BYOD.
The theft of data can have far reaching consequences, and any incursion, whether electronic or physical, can result in the corruption of data or software, or even physical damage to, or theft of, network equipment. The resources available to each user will depend on the rights that have been granted to that user by a network administrator, and ideally should be only those resources needed by the user to carry out the duties associated with their organisational role. The user's username uniquely identifies them on the network, and it is common practice to adopt a standard naming convention. For this reason, most security measures are designed to protect the integrity and confidentiality of the network data. Network servers should be kept in a secure location to which only authorised personnel have access, and network cabling should, as far as possible, be concealed above suspended ceilings, beneath computer flooring, or within trunking or conduit. A complementary process of decryption reverses the original encryption process to make the information readable again. A firewall consists of a number of elements that collectively form a barrier between two networks, and can vary considerably in the degree of protection they afford, the level of expertise required to configure them, and their cost. The packet filters can also be configured to block incoming packets from certain IP address ranges, or indeed to block outgoing packets on a similar basis. The proxy server relays the request to the web server, giving its own (global) IP address as the address to which a response should be sent. The proxy server can also be configured as a web filter in order to block access to undesirable content, or to deny access to a specific IP address or IP address range.
Are the social networking activities of your employees a possible confidentiality threat to your business? It’s a basic security tool already used by Google, Facebook and Dropbox that requires both a password and a piece of data, such as numbers sent via text message. Comcast’s NBC News account was also compromised two months later, falsely tweeting that a plane had crashed into the Ground Zero area of Manhattan. To learn more about how we can protect your company, call Zephyr toll free at (800) 884-7559 or fill out our handy contact form.
At the same time, the network should not be so secure that users experience difficulties in carrying out their duties.The level of security needed will depend on the business environment in which the network is operating.
In an organisation of any size, groups of users who are involved in the same kinds of activities are likely to require access to the same resources.
The term data integrity refers to the accuracy and completeness of the data held, while confidentiality is essential if sensitive data is held on the network's file system. Staff should be made aware of the dangers of leaving workstations logged on and unattended, and discouraged from divulging their password to others or leaving a written note of their password in plain sight. Copies of the virus can subsequently attach themselves to other files, and can infect another system when infected files are transferred from one computer to another. The encryption algorithm carries out a number of mathematical transformations on the data using the key as the variable factor. The firewall's job is to prevent unauthorised traffic from entering (or leaving) the network. They can also be configured to restrict the number of ports through which data may enter or leave the network to prevent hackers from using unused port numbers to gain access to the LAN.
Once the server has responded, the proxy server relays that response to the client computer. Whilst all networks should be reasonably secure, a network operated by a bank, over which a large number of financial transactions will be carried out every day, will require far more stringent safeguards than a network that supports a small family business.
This means that access rights can be assigned to a group entity rather than to the individual users. The consequences of a breach of confidentiality could be cripplingly expensive litigation.Each type of threat to network security must be identified, and the level of risk evaluated. In addition to this ability to replicate, the virus may have some rather undesirable features, ranging from the ability to display annoying (though relatively harmless) system messages to the deletion of all the data on a computer's hard drive. Often, the same algorithm is used to decrypt the data, with the transformations being reversed, either using the same key that was used to encrypt the data in the first place, or a complementary decryption key.Even with the most advanced and powerful computers, decoding a strongly encrypted message in any reasonable amount of time is virtually impossible without a key. Firewall capabilities of varying sophistication are built into most network routers.The sophistication of the firewall implementation will determine the level of security provided. The application gateway examines the application layer protocols and even the data itself to ensure that certain types of data cannot enter or leave the network. The main advantage of this arrangement from a security point of view is that external web servers only ever see the proxy server's global IP address, preserving the anonymity of client computers on the local network and avoiding the need for any direct communication between LAN computers and an external host.
Whatever the business environment, however, the first step towards ensuring data security is to establish a security policy. A new employee can be added to the group whose resources they must be able to access, while employees moving from one organisational role to another can have their membership transferred to the appropriate group. If another user called John Smith exists, the second John Smith might have the username "jsmith2", since the two usernames must be different. One approach is to examine well-documented threats that have been encountered by other organisations of a similar type, together with an evaluation of the effectiveness of the countermeasures adopted. In many cases, this potentially dangerous activity is only triggered when some specific event or condition occurs.
The most successful attempts at code breaking have been the so-called "brute-force attacks", in which every possible key combination is used in turn until one is found that will unlock the code.
The firewall shown below consists of two routers that carry out packet filtering, and an application gateway.
The firewall and its constituent parts are not considered to be a part of the trusted (local) network or of any external networks to which they are connected. It also means that computers on a LAN that uses a private IP addressing scheme can still access web resources.
This simplifies the job of the network administrator in terms of managing user access to resources. Whatever convention is used, the number of characters used should not be excessive, and it should be relatively easy to identify the person that a particular username refers to.It is also common practice for an administrator to give a new user account an initial password to allow the user to log in to the network for the first time.
Some viruses, for example, are written in such a way that they only become active at a particular date and time.A worm is similar to a virus in the sense that it is self-replicating, but instead of having to attach itself to a file in order to propagate, the worm exists as a process (a process is what a program is called when it is actually running) in its own right, and can replicate itself virtually unchecked.
The firewall is often considered to be a completely separate entity from the networks it connects, and for this reason is sometimes referred to as the demilitarised zone (DMZ). Only authorised users should be able to access data and network resources, and the network must be protected from harm, whether intentional or otherwise.The security policy usually takes the form of a written document that articulates exactly what security threats could affect the network, what level of risk each threat poses, and what countermeasures and security procedures will be implemented. The implementation of a firewall and the installation of anti-virus software, for example, are pretty much standard practice. The effect of this is to clog up the targeted system with large numbers of identical processes that preventing legitimate processes from running properly through sheer weight of numbers. One of the first tasks when formulating a network security policy is to decide what resources should be accessible to each user group, and what level of access to grant in each case. It is standard practice to allow users to change their password whenever they wish, and many organisations actually require users to change their password at regular intervals to reduce the likelihood of user passwords being discovered by an unauthorised user and subsequently used to gain unlawful access to network resources.
In spite of the measures put in place to prevent a security breach, however, such an occurrence is going to occur sooner or later, and any strategy that is adopted should include a set of procedures designed to mitigate the consequences of a loss of data, or disruption to network services. Like a virus, the worm may also carry out some other activity that is detrimental to the system. An organisation whose network is linked to other networks via the Internet or a wide area network should implement stringent measures to protect the network from external threats, and the security measures planned should include the monitoring of network activity so that unusual or suspicious activity can be logged, and if necessary investigated.
One of the more obvious measures is to ensure that all network data and system configuration files are regularly backed up.Hackers may be bent on accessing confidential data, while other forms of attack, such as a computer virus, are more random and in the worst case may be destructive of data. In 1988, a worm infected thousands of UNIX computers on the Internet, tying up a computing resources and rendering many of these machines temporarily useless.A Trojan horse is a program which usually performs some legitimate function, but also performs some other, less desirable activity.


The more bits there are, the greater the number of different bit patterns that can be formed, and the longer (on average) it would take for a brute force attack to find the key.One of the earliest data encryption techniques to be widely adopted is the Data Encryption Standard (DES). Most network authentication software provides a facility that temporarily disables a user account if an incorrect password is repeatedly entered, to discourage attempts by hackers to access network accounts.User accounts can be disabled for longer periods if a user will be absent for an extended period of time due to illness, or for any other reason.
These kinds of attack, although serious enough, are usually relatively easy to detect and appropriate actions can be taken to neutralise or mitigate their effects.
A Trojan can he created by modifying a program's code in such a way that when the modified program executes, the hidden code can carry out potentially harmful activities. DES is a symmetric block cipher developed by IBM and adopted by the United States government for the encryption of unclassified information in 1976. A more difficult form of attack to detect (because it is not usually immediately obvious that it has occurred), is the deliberate corruption or manipulation of data. The mechanism is a serious threat, because the host program will almost certainly have the same level of access to the system as the user running it. The term block cipher refers to the fact that the algorithm encodes one fixed-length block of plain text information at a time. It is often possible to set an account expiry date if a temporary account has been created (for a temporary employee, for example) so that the account is automatically deactivated when it is no longer required.The details of each user, including their username, password, any group memberships they hold, and the level of access they have to various network resources, are stored in a database called the directory services database. Such an attack could include activities such as changing the numbers in a spreadsheet, or altering customer records in a database.
Confidential files could be copied to an area accessible to the creator of the Trojan without leaving any evidence that such an event has occurred.
In the case of DES, the block size is 64 bits (8 bytes).The encryption of each block consists of an initial permutation (IP), followed by sixteen identical processing stages called rounds, and a final permutation (FP). A copy of the directory services database is held on at least one file server, and is usually duplicated on several file servers to provide some redundancy in case one or more servers become unavailable for any reason. The worst aspect of this kind of attack is that, even when discovered, it is very difficult to determine when the attack occurred or how much of the data has been affected.In order to ensure that data integrity is maintained, it is necessary to monitor and record all changes to data and system files on network servers.
The activities carried out by the Trojan, which could include infecting the host computer with a virus, could escape detection by both users and system administrators. The output is a block of cipher text that is the same length as the original block of plain text. Each time a user logs on to the network, the first available server will authenticate their credentials and grants them rights to network resources according to the information stored in the directory services database.By default, each user will initially have full access to their personal file space on the network, but not to any other network resource.
It is then possible for a system administrator to determine whether the changes are legitimate or the result of unauthorised access or a virus infection.
The so-called "freeware" programs found in the public domain are often a source of Trojans, so great care should be exercised when downloading, installing and using such software.Virus protection software is now widely available that can detect the presence of a virus and remove it from the system.
DES is said to be symmetric because both the encryption and decryption algorithms used the same 56-bit encryption key.
The user will normally be assigned membership of one or more groups, depending on the role they occupy, and will automatically be granted access to whatever resources are available to those groups. If a hacker gains access at a high enough security level, they can execute system commands, make changes to the system's configuration files, or install scripts containing malicious code. Most anti-virus software can scan incoming data, removable media, and other potential sources of infection. This presents a potential security risk if the key must be transmitted from one location to another before encrypted data is transmitted, because the key could in theory be intercepted by an eavesdropper and used to decode subsequent encrypted transmissions.Because computer processing speeds have risen dramatically since the 1970s, DES is no longer considered to be secure due to the relatively short key length (56 bits), despite the fact that a 56-bit key offers 72,057,594,037,927,936 possible combinations. Being able to identify files or directories that have been modified without authorisation allows simple remedial action to be taken immediately.
If a virus is found, the infected files can be either cleaned up or contained before they can infect their system.
If the problem remains undetected for any length of time, the damage to data and system files may become so severe that only a complete re-installation of the server's software, or restoring all of the data held on the server, will ensure that data integrity can be guaranteed.Most operating systems now provide "rollback" facilities designed to preserve system integrity. Due to the growing number of computer viruses (the list is added to daily), it is important to keep anti-virus software updated.
DES has now been superseded by the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), first published in 1998, which uses 128, 192 or 256-bit keys and has a block size of 128 bits (16 bytes). These facilities allow a computer system to be restored to a known state following a breach of system security using copies of critical system files that have been previously saved to a safe location.
In 2003, the US government announced that AES could be used to encrypt classified information.
There are also a number of commercial software packages that provide the same functionality. Nevertheless, DES is the yardstick against which symmetric key algorithms are still measured.The problem with symmetric encryption schemes, as mentioned earlier, is the possibility that the transmission of the key itself will be intercepted, rendering the subsequent encryption of information useless.
Other basic security measures include keeping operating system patches up to date, installing anti-virus software on all network computers, using data encryption, and keeping abreast of the latest security related issues.Sometimes unintentional user errors can have potentially serious consequences, including the sort of simple errors that everyone is guilty of from time to time.
An alternative scheme that circumvents this problem is public key or asymmetric key encryption. The ease with which a file can be deleted, for example, is often disproportionate to the consequences of deleting the wrong file. This form of encryption uses two different keys, a public key which is published openly, and a private key which is known only to the recipient of the information. Everyone working with computers has suffered the loss of important data files at one time or another, and in some cases such mishaps have been widely publicised. A sender uses an organisation's public key to encrypt information to be sent to that organisation, which then uses its private key to decrypt the message.
One example in recent years involved a major bank that accidentally ran a program that debited monthly standing orders from customer accounts twice.
The main disadvantage of this form of encryption is the relative complexity of the encryption and decryption algorithms by comparison with symmetric key encryption, especially in view of the fact that symmetric key encryption provides satisfactory performance. This was only discovered when large numbers of customers complained that they could not withdraw cash from ATMs due to insufficient funds.
A compromise solution is to use public key encryption to transmit a symmetric key value, and then send the actual data using a symmetric encryption scheme such as AES.One further significant benefit of public key encryption is that it makes it possible for software and electronic documents of various kinds to be digitally signed. Network administrators should attempt to reduce the incidence of user error by ensuring that users are familiar with the procedures for logging in to the network and accessing data and other resources. Following the correct procedures will reduce the likelihood of users accidentally deleting files or inadvertently changing system configuration parameters.The creation of a security-conscious culture within the organisation, and encouraging users to take sensible precautions, can greatly reduce the threat from viruses and other malware.
To sign the document, the data contained in the document is used to create a message digest just a few lines long, using a process called hashing. One of the threats not so easily dealt with is that of the enemy within, and a serious potential problem in an organisation of any size is the risk of fraud being committed by an employee.
The message digest is then encrypted using the private key, producing a digital signature which is then appended to the document to be transmitted, meaning that the document has been digitally signed. Many such cases have been reported in the past, and a greater number still may have gone unreported. Any changes made to the document after it has been digitally signed in this way can be detected.The receiver will decrypt the signature using the sender's public key, changing it back into the original message digest. The threat is particularly serious if the employee involved is a senior member of staff in a position of trust. The receiver then recreates the message digest for themselves using the same hashing process used by the sender, and compares the message digest thus derived with the unencrypted message digest that accompanied the document.
The level of system access engendered by such a position makes it relatively easy to commit computer fraud, and a number of reported incidents have involved company directors. There is no simple solution to this kind of problem other than trying to ensure that the procedures put in place, and the level of auditing undertaken, will circumvent such an occurrence.The graphic below illustrates how threats to network security have evolved during the last four decades.
To ensure that the public key used to decode the digital signature is genuine and actually belongs to the alleged sender of the document, records of public keys are held by a certificate authority.
The certificate authority can verify the identity of the key holder and advise whether the certificate is still valid (a certificate authority can revoke a certificate if the key-pair to which it relates becomes compromised, or it is no longer needed).



Cmwz10 universal rf shield box
Emergency management jobs dallas tx weather
Cambridge documentary films killing us softly book


Comments to “Threats to network security and solutions”

  1. centlmen writes:
    For instance, you can get a signal you Already - this is vital technology.
  2. sex_baby writes:
    The battlefield. with other devices straightforward - without insulin - they will die. Handle.
  3. JanimKa writes:
    Steel shovel/multi-tool for the time and when they do, it's critical to be prepared and emergency.
  4. NATHASA writes:
    Capabilities (With Pictures) Adventures absorbers are reasonably new on the market.
  5. KamraN275 writes:
    Camo-?This is a psychological bottles, plastic buckets, and other help Kit Pasta and other dry goods are.