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China's electricity use may rise 9 percent to 4500 TWH in 2011, slowing from a 15 percent gain in 2010.
China may add 80 gigawatts of power generation capacity in 2011, bringing total capacity to 1,040 gigawatts.
By the end of 2011, China's hydropower capacity may reach 220 gigawatts and nuclear power capacity may total 11.74 gigawatts.
Demand for natural gas may rise to 130 billion cubic meters this year from 110 billion in 2010 as pipeline coverage expands, NEA said. A look at the energy industry from source to demand sectors may shed some light on this anomaly. A snap shot of the energy mix for any given year shows only a slight shift towards less carbon-intensive fuels. 1980; oil (42%), natural gas (26%), coal (21%), renewables (7%), nuclear (4%) and liquid biofuels (0%).
2010: oil (37%), natural gas (25%), coal (21%), nuclear (9%), renewables (7%), and liquid biofuels (1%).
2035: oil (32%), natural gas (25%), coal (20%), renewables (11%), nuclear (9%) and liquid biofuels (4%).
While the consumption of liquid biofuels was shown to grow by a factor of 587, biofuels are projected to remain a negligible part of U.S. Today it’s somewhat controversial whether hydropower should be classified as a renewable source of energy.
A closer look at the renewable energy component shows that solar, geothermal and wind are less than 2% of total energy mix of the U.S.
Increased consumption of natural gas for electrical generation is due to the combined effect of ever increasing natural gas production, declining natural gas prices and an increased use of efficient and low-cost combined cycle technology. Coal Age recently announced: “Recently published electric power data show that, for the first time since the Energy Information Administration (EIA) began collecting data, generation from natural gas-fired plants is virtually equal to generation from coal-fired plants, with each fuel providing 32% of total generation. It’s a well-proven fact that natural gas is clean, in fact the cleanest of all fossil fuels. The point is that while coal will most likely continue its decline in fueling electrical generation facilities; natural gas needs another demand sector to increase demand and further replace dirty fossil fuels from our energy inventory. This leaves the transportation industry as the only other viable sector that can make a significant impact on the energy mix by using an alternative fuel. It must be noted that almost every conventional gasoline and diesel internal combustion engine can be converted to run on compressed natural gas (CNG). Not that incentives are a good thing, but to play on a level playing field with petroleum, either oil subsides should be reduced or incentives should be given to end users of CNG powered vehicles (see Oil Subsidies 101).[9]  All CNG incentives offered by the federal government have expired. There are a few disadvantages of using CNG, these include the limited number of models offered for sale or that can be retrofitted for CNG. All eyes are on Lima, Peru, where country representatives will gather next week for the annual U.N.
In Lima and over the next several months, countries are expected to put forward new national emissions-reduction pledges for achieving this target in the decades to come. Here’s a deeper look at these top 10 emitters—examining their total emissions, per capita emissions, emissions intensity, and historical cumulative emissions—based on data from WRI’s Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT 2.0). The previous chart defines the top 10 emitters based on their total annual emissions, also known as “absolute emissions.” Why? Emissions on a per capita basis bring contributions to climate change down to an individual level. Among the top 10 absolute emitters, only two have per capita emissions that are below the world average. The graph above shows emissions intensity for the top 10 emitters’ whole economies and energy sectors.
While many countries focus their de-carbonization plans on energy-related emissions, high emissions intensity could actually result from emissions from other sectors. The graph below shows cumulative emissions including Land-Use Change and Forestry (LUCF) for the top 10 emitters during the period 1990 to 2011, when complete data are available. The graph below expands the time period from 1850 to 2011, during which data only on CO2 emissions are continuously available.
When we know about all emisioner it's time to spread information about concrete actions to reduce these pollutants, which are often also losses. For example, it is time to introduce Recycling Closet instead of the Water Closet and using the toilet waste to produce biogas and digestate. Yes, in particular Australia with about 17 metric tonnes per Capita makes the worst three list, and I believe that is without giving it any responsibility for the coal it exports. China's emissions are not only from global consumerism but the business opportunities embraced by China, from western countries ordering components for Solar Energy panels and wind turbines, trying to lower their emissions !!!
No-one talks about the inefficiencies of wind turbines, using electricity to keep the damn things turning in zero wind and them completely falling apart in high winds,even falling over. China until recently and their downturn in economy, were the worlds largest importer of WOOD,mainly from South American countries, so we're maybe talking rain forest. The links below, are just an offering, from left and right wing newspapers, who sometimes do decent journalism, regardless of politics.
Per capita matters pretty much nill, and you should think about it as per square km of land, if anything. The reasons for that is because the actual emissions themselves are the driving force behind climate change.
Australia might have the 3rd largest per capita, but this equates to about 1% of the worlds emissions, even though they have close to 6% of the worlds land mass. Per capita for example makes china look fantastic, but in reality the raw numbers mean that they are making us all go down the sink. It occurs to me that a mass of fraud has been committed against America in reporting such as this. Why are these erroneous figures and this erroneous stack ranking still being published by this organization? Why has not the price and organizations such as this one demanded recalculation of the figures and acknowledge this horrendous fraud?
Assuming American negotiators at environmental agreements were competent is not the USO literally trillions of dollars in compensation by nations whose environmental performance relative to the US now will be seen as much much less favorable? Why in the future should any American think it is in America's best interest to cooperate with liars and frauds? Sorry to burst your bubble but Russia has 50% more forest land and while their percapita energy usage is higher than brazil they have a far more sparse population.
Instead of thank Brazil for having a great combination of natural resources that they didn't created, we should instead blame them for being the responsible of the obscene depredation of what was originally the Amazon. One thing is the importance of their territory and other much different is the total effect of humans to that territory.
The cumulative CO2 totals by country 1850 to 2011 data is certainly interesting, with the US and the EU accounting for 58% of what is in effect the all-time emissions total. Every country is afraid of losing its competitive edge by taking on more environmental regulations than its competitors. Petroleum & Other LiquidsCrude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids.
Natural GasExploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. ElectricitySales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & EfficiencyEnergy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation.
CoalReserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Renewable &Alternative FuelsIncludes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol.


Total EnergyComprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. Analysis & ProjectionsMonthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, Congressional reports. Markets & FinanceFinancial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. InternationalInternational energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses.
I note that the analysis of energy in Israel in this site is not covered in details as other countries?
You are correct, not all countries, including in this case Israel, have detailed analysis briefs. Our maps and graphs are available for download, and are also easily embeddable for use on external websites, blogs, and newsletters. Dear Sirs, I have been using your data for almost 20 yrs, in particular the international Petroleum data. I am looking for bbl and bcf , not Btu , can you tell me where to look for country's oil bbl and gas in bcf? Where can I find the original spreadsheets with the country data for Crude + Condensate and the one for all liquids.
If you are looking to PDF other sections of the site (the country overview page, for example), you can use any number of free, open source packages to create a PDF. Feedback submissions that use profanity, offensive language, or fail to address the product undergoing beta testing will not be posted. Personally identifiable information, such as full names or email addresses, will be redacted from the published feedback.
Ecuador is the smallest oil producing member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In Ecuador, the oil sector accounts for more than half of the country's export earnings and approximately two-fifths of public sector revenues.1 Resource nationalism and debates about the economic, strategic, and environmental implications of oil sector development are prominent issues in the politics of Ecuador and the policies of its government.
As of January 2015, Ecuador had 8.8 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves, which is a year-over-year increase of 7%.
National oil companies (NOCs) Petroecuador, Petroamazonas, and Operaciones Rio Napo, a joint venture between Petroecuador and Petroleos de Venezuela, account for most of the oil production in Ecuador. The changes to Ecuador’s legal framework continue a trend toward policies of resource nationalism in the oil sector. Since 2009, Ecuador has agreed to multiple oil-for-loan deals with China that explicitly guarantee oil exports to China in exchange for loans. Crude oil production increased sizably in 2004 shortly after the opening of the Oleoducto de Crudos Pesados (OCP) pipeline, which removed a chokepoint on heavy crude oil transportation in the country.
Ecuador exports roughly 70% of the crude oil it produces, and it is a leading source of crude oil imports to the U.S.
Despite its status as a crude oil exporter, Ecuador is a net importer of refined oil products. The Esmeraldas refinery operates below capacity and is slated to be upgraded to process heavier Ecuador Oriente crude.
As of January 2015, Ecuador had an estimated 212 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of proved natural gas reserves. Located in the Gulf of Guayaquil, the Amistad field is Ecuador’s primary natural gas project. Exploration activities are done mostly by Petroamazonas, although, Andes Petroleum, ENAP, and PdVSA also participate in exploration.
In 2014, hydroelectricity accounted for more than 45% of the country’s electricity generation.
There are more than 200 power plants operating in Ecuador, of which 89 provide power to the National Interconnected System. Most of Ecuador’s hydro capacity is located in Azuay province, in the south-central highlands. Of the nonhydro renewable fuels, bagasse, a fibrous residue of processed sugarcane, is used in industry, and traditional biomass is used in rural households. Ecuador has transmission grid interconnections with Colombia and Peru, and the country is a small net importer of electricity. More than 14 gigawatts of windpower and 500 megawatts of solar capacity may be added this year. Energy Consumption in 2011 by Energy Source is shown below.[3] As opposed to the previous figure, this chart breaks out the various energy sources that makeup renewable energy. This is due to replacing coal-fired generation plants with natural gas-fired generation stations. Also, due to regulatory pressure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and pollution from coal-fired power plants, electric utilities had no other choice but to adopt natural gas as a logical alternative. In April 2012, preliminary data show net electric generation from natural gas was 95.9 million megawatt-hours (mw-hr), only slightly below generation from coal, at 96 million mw-hr. There is rhetoric, and just that, on Capitol Hill to do something to stimulate usage of natural gas in the transportation sector. A good part of this limitation is due to EPA regulations that make the CNG certification process rather lengthy and costly. Natural gas, being the least disruptive fossil fuel, could serve as a ‘bridge’ to a low-carbon future. Barry Stevens, an accomplished business developer and entrepreneur in technology-driven enterprises.
WRI’s recently published the CAIT Equity Explorer can help assess the equitability of these pledges. Over time, the absolute amount of GHGs emitted is what ultimately affects atmospheric concentrations of GHGs and the global carbon budget (see cumulative emissions, below). From the chart below, we can see that the largest absolute emitters comprised 60 percent of global population and 74 percent of global GDP in 2011. It is useful when looking at the de-carbonization of the national economy or energy system. For the energy sector, the world average is 372 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e) per Million $GDP, but intensities vary across countries. For example, with emissions from deforestation and land-use change taken into account, Indonesia becomes the most intensive emitter. They are a commonly used concept for understanding responsibility for climate change, since they are a proxy for the amount of current warming caused by specific countries.
Almost half of emissions come from just four countries: the United States, China, European Union and Russian Federation. In this case, the five major emitters—the United States, European Union, China, Russian Federation, and Japan— together contributed two-thirds of the world’s historic CO2 emissions - using up around 37 percent of our global carbon budget.
But regardless of how you analyze it, an international climate agreement cannot be successful without significant action from countries at the top of the emitters list. Then with the energy-intensive methods are bound nitrogen from the air in synthetic nitrogen fertilizer because without nitrogen becomes poor harvests. Most people totally ingore that one of the biggest parts in Chinese economy belongs to export, which means some developed coutries actually need to seriously consider their way of living, and develop more ecological consumer culture.
In Europe diesel-powered automobiles constitute about 49% of the market in the US less than 1%. For example, Australia and Canada seem to have high pollution levels per-capita, but let's not forget that Australia and Canada have tiny populations and massive land areas. It also has the largest Forest in the World, as about 60% of the Amazon lies in its borders. If we could count how much oxigen has stopped to being released from brazilian territory because of brazilian governments the numbers would be MUCH WORSE .
This would suggest that these regions should have a far greater responsibility to cut emissions than other countries and regions do.


The real issues and responsibilities are not identified and discussed and there is hypocrisy in many of the positions taken. I don't care what people say, the world is overpopulated and half those people will contribute NOTHING to this world.
Exactly what I needed to bring me up to speed for my research on Michigan and on the Midwest - thanks!
We are constantly adding new data series' to our database, data for current years will be added as it is available. To do this, select the country, or countries, and fuel source(s) you would like to see data for and click the download button. I am writing a book chapter and referenced your site, where I found terrific info on India and Japan several months ago. Before the layout, I was able to find annual #s of net exports of petro for each country, and now I have no idea where it is. The country’s oil production has been mostly stagnant over the past ten years, although it has increased slightly in recent years. West Coast (Petroleum Administration for Defense District V), which was the destination of most Ecuadorean oil exports to the United States.
In general, Ecuador exports heavy refined products, such as fuel oil, and imports lighter products, including gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).
Power Generation Projects from the Ecuador’s Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy.
We are finding more reserves of natural gas, drilling more, watching prices decline, and yet using only slightly more. We are indeed a carbon based economy, and with low prices and abundant availability one would think the demand for natural gas would be sky-high. Similarly, while the consumption of renewables is projected to double by 2035, total renewables are vastly overshadowed by fossil fuels in 2035.
One argument against qualification is that most hydroelectric facilities were already built prior to adoption of renewable standards and policies by many states.[2] Another argument states that damming interrupts the flow of rivers and can harm local ecosystems and building large dams and reservoirs often involves displacing people and wildlife. Whether surprising or not, these renewables are not substantially reducing our thirst for fossil fuels. Natural gas will buy time to further develop, cleaner fuels; hopefully there will be something at the end of the day, whether it takes 25 years or the end of the century.
Our Climate Insights blog series leverages data from CAIT 2.0, WRI’s climate data explorer, to shed light on the many dimensions of climate change that shape society, policy, and global development.
One question is at the heart of these negotiations: How can countries reduce emissions enough to collectively limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees C, thus preventing the worst impacts of climate change? While equity considerations include more than just emissions—and all countries must take action to mitigate climate change—the actions of the world’s top emitters will likely be most heavily scrutinized—and rightly so: According to recent data, 10 countries produce around 70 percent of global GHG emissions.
So the largest absolute emitters today have a larger role to play in determining the climate of the future.
This also suggests that these countries have significant financial and human capacity to reduce GHG emissions. On the other end of the spectrum, India’s per capita emissions are only one-third of the global average. Seven of the top 10 emitters actually have a below average emissions intensity; Russia, China and Canada are above the world average. This measurement can vary significantly depending on the chosen start date and the inclusion of gases and sectors.
COP 20 is an opportunity for these countries and others to move forward with meaningful emissions-reduction plans that are both ambitious and equitable. We flushes nutrients into sewers and wastewater must be "purified" (or polluted?) with chemicals. Consequently, European carbon emissions per capita will be wildly higher than reported an articles such as this. The developing world is entitled to progress, and generally more progress means more emissions. At the same time all countries seem to recognize the need to reduce emissions, and there is action to do so occurring around the world.
However, data is available with only 1 decimal place this year (through the beta interface) and comparing countries became a challenge because there are too many countries with the same values now.
It appears that if I am going to load the data into my spreadsheets, I will have to do one line at a time, each country individualy. Really appreciate you guys going the extra mile with your data tools, this makes my research so much more effective.
Unfortunately it seems from the beta site, that I can only access the annual data and only download as a CSV file. A lack of sufficient domestic refining capacity to meet local demand has forced Ecuador to import refined products, limiting net oil revenue. However, unconventional hydropower using currents, waves, and tidal energy to produce electricity is less disruptive and qualifies as renewable. A March 2012 report in the New York Times stated: “…the state of the electric car is dismal, the victim of hyped expectations, technological flops, high costs and a hostile political climate. In this role, he is responsible for leading the development of emerging and mature technology driven enterprises in the shale gas, natural gas, renewable energy and sustainability industries. Regardless of other factors, these total annual numbers will have to be reduced for the top 10 emitters if global warming is to be limited to 2 degrees C. These differences result from varying emissions levels and size of economy, but are also dependent on factors such as a country’s energy mix the carbon intensity of sectors like electricity and heat generation, manufacturing, and transportation.
In per capita CO2 emissions Brazil ranks 2nd to last, among the top 40 countries (only India with 1 billion plus people has a lower CO2 emission). This also raises very difficult questions of the size and sustainability of populations in different countries and regions.
You guys have been an utter joy to work with (not a typical experience for government bureaucracy), and this new beta is the icing on the cake. Residential and commercial are somewhat similar in that they run by electricity and natural gas. General Motors has temporarily suspended production of the plug-in electric Chevy Volt because of low sales. Conversion is not cheap; passenger vehicles can be converted for $10,000 each, parts and labor. This has nothing to do with how much their citizens consume, and everything to do with penalizing countries with natural-resource-based economies. Thanks for the hard work you have put in to make this information clear and understandable!
The move away from production-sharing agreements to service contracts has increased the government's share of revenue and state oil production, but it has deterred the interest of private sector participants including Noble Energy, Petrobas, and Canada Grande. Ecuador’s low natural gas utilization rates are mainly result of a lack of infrastructure needed to capture and market natural gas. From this it’s difficult to see a sector other than electrical generation that can truly benefit from and increase the usage of renewable energy. Its a shame that people put so much bad publicity on Brazil without looking at data, simple facts as those I have pointed out. I don't think I could get my footprint any lower unless they make solar power affordable and required.



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