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The common name for otitis media, this is an infection involving the middle ear (that cavity between the eardrum and the inner ear). Ear infections are most common in children because of the shortness of their eustachian tubes (the passage that connects the back of the nose to the middle ear), which makes it easier for bacteria to enter from the back of the throat. Some children (especially babies with ear infections within two months of birth) have recurrent ear infections.
During a cold, the eustachian tube can swell and become blocked, allowing fluid to accumulate in the middle ear. The usual cause of a middle ear infection is bacteria that are normally present in a child’s throat, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. Risk factors for the developing of an ear infection include being male, bottle-fed, Native American or Hispanic, and younger than two. Acute middle ear infection causes sudden, severe earache, deafness, ringing of the ear (tinnitus), sense of fullness in the ear, and fever. Chronic middle ear infection is usually caused by repeated attacks of acute otitis media, with pus seeping from a perforation in the eardrum together with some degree of deafness.
Middle ear infection can be detected by examining the ear with an instrument called an otoscope. Acute middle ear infection usually clears up completely with antibiotic drugs, although sometimes there may be continual production of a sticky fluid in the middle ear known as “persistent middle ear infection.” A doctor may also remove pus and skin debris and prescribe antibiotic ear drops.
Since the mid-1980s, some strains of bacteria have developed resistance to amoxicillin and other antibiotics. Rarely, a middle ear infection can lead to bacterial MENINGITIS and MASTOIDITIS (a serious infection of the air cells behind the middle ear).
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The symptoms of an ear infection in adults include earache (either a sharp, sudden pain or a dull, continuous pain), a sharp stabbing pain with immediate warm drainage from the ear canal, a feeling of fullness in the ear, nausea, muffled hearing and ear drainage. While the most common type of infection is an acute minor inflammation of the inner ear, sometimes, if left untreated, even these little infections can turn into something much more serious such as mastoiditis or meningitis. If a child, or even an adult for that matter, shows certain symptoms such as a stiff neck, fever, nausea and vomiting, severe headaches, and dizziness, immediate action should be taken, as these are all signs of meningitis.
No matter the situation, an ear infection is not usually anything to fret about; but, if there is any doubt that something serious may be occurring, seek medical attention right away. Some of the serious medical conditions that trigger itchy nose are liver failure, hyperthyroidism, chronic kidney failure, respiratory tract infection and hay fever.
You need to identify the exact cause that causes allergy and avoid it completely in future.

In case if the itchy nose cannot be managed through the above remedial measures, you can consult your doctor. Itchy nose can also occur due to pet allergy and in that case you need to stay away from owning pets.
By observing your reactions closely, you can find out what exactly caused allergy and itchy nose. What parent hasn't made a trip to the pediatrician with a sick child and received a diagnosis of an ear infection, strep throat or tonsillitis? While pediatricians can easily treat ear, nose and throat issues, there are certain conditions that may need the expertise of a pediatric otolaryngologist, including chronic ear infections, hearing loss, tonsillitis and sinus or breathing problems. Otitis media is the inflammation of the middle ear, usually caused by a malfunction of the Eustachian tube. In children, the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is enlarged tonsils and adenoids in the upper airway due to infections. Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses, the four cavities located near the nose that are lined with mucous membranes.
They seem to run in families and are characterized by persistent fluid in the middle ear and short-term hearing loss. The fluid produced by the inflammation cannot drain off through the tube and instead collects in the middle ear, where it can allow bacteria and viruses drawn in from the back of the throat to breed.
Other risk factors include living in crowded conditions, going to day care, having allergies, and inhaling household cigarette smoke.
Complications include otitis externa (inflammation of the outer ear), damage to the bones in the middle ear, or a matted ball of skin debris which can erode the bone and cause further damage (called a “cholesteatoma”). A sample of discharge may be taken to identify the organism responsible for the infection, but it is not often done. Some children may not improve after 10 days of antibiotics and may need three or four more weeks of drug treatment. A warm towel or hot water bottle over the sore ear, or an ice pack wrapped in a towel, may ease pain. Warning signs of mastoiditis include: high fever, severe ear pain, pus-like drainage, and redness, swelling, and tenderness behind the ear.
National Library of Medicine, “ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor.” These infections can range from small, non-threatening cases to extremely serious and possibly even fatal ones. In children, the symptoms include tugging at the ear, poor sleep, fever, irritability, restlessness, ear discharge, reduced appetite and crying at night when lying down.
The mastoid bone, which sits behind the ear, consists of air spaces that help drain the middle ear.

If a person exhibits these signs, he or she should be brought to an emergency department for further examination. If you have concerns about ear infection symptoms contact your local doctor who will arrange for you to see an ear nose throat specialist. The person should insert the pot into one of the nostril and inhale water into the nostrils which would wash away the dust particles that causes itchy nose. In extreme climate, there may be dryness in the nose that can affect both sides of the nose.
For a referral to a Barnabas Health pediatrician or pediatric otolaryngologist, call (888) 724-7123. When this tube is not working properly, it prevents normal drainage of fluid from the middle ear, resulting in a buildup of fluid behind the eardrum, which can cause pain, fever and redness. However, they also can become a liability, causing recurrent bacterial infections or airway obstruction, leading to nasal obstruction, breathing, swallowing or even sleep problems. While an ear infection is painful, it is not terribly serious; it is easily treated and there are not usually any long-term complications. Parents may notice a baby or young child suffering cold with thick discharge, irritability, pulling or tugging at the ear, crying in the middle of the night, shaking his head, and exhibiting poor appetite. Adults should not smoke around an infant, since the smoke irritates the lining of the nose and throat. When the mastoid cells become infected or inflamed, often as a result of a middle ear infection (otitis media), mastoiditis can develop. Though viral meningitis is typically not fatal, the bacterial type will often cause permanent hearing loss when not treated promptly.
Psoriasis, Herpes infection, allergic reaction, sunspot, mosquito bite, fungal infection, basal and squamous cells carcinoma and Herpes zoster infection can cause itchy nose.
Antihistamines are powerful enough to block the allergic reaction thus offering protection. Use moist mop while cleaning the house so that dust particles will not enter into the nose.
In acute mastoiditis, infection may spread outside of the mastoid bone and cause serious health complications. The mucus membrane should always keep the lining of nasal passage moist for preventing itchy nose.

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16.08.2015 admin

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