Ear nose and throat infections symptoms nhs,tinnitus cure yahoo answers login,needle tatting bracelet patterns - Tips For You

A young children is prone to ear infections called Otitis Media because of their developing head and neck structures. One of these developing structures is the eustachian tube, which is a small connection between the back of the ear and the back of the nose. In children the eustachian tube is not very well developed, which causes a back-up (reflux) of infected fluid from the nose into the ear. A combination of these risk factors, plus a poorly developed eustachian tube, often leads to otitis media in a young child. When a child reaches the age of 5-7 the eustachian tube usually reaches adequate function, causing a dramatic decrease in the frequency and severity of ear infections.
Just as with all other aspects of human biology, there is a broad range of Eustachian tube function in children- some children get lots of ear infections, some get none. Allergies are common in children, but there is not much evidence to suggest that they are a cause of either ear infections or middle ear fluid. Ear infections are not contagious, but are often associated with upper respiratory tract infections (such as colds). Acute otitis media (middle ear infection) means that the space behind the eardrum - the middle ear - is full of infected fluid (pus). Any time the ear is filled with fluid (infected or clean), there will be a temporary hearing loss. The poor ventilation of the middle ear by the immature Eustachian tube can cause fluid to accumulate behind the eardrum, as described above. Ear wax (cerumen) is a normal bodily secretion, which protects the ear canal skin from infections like swimmer's ear.
Ear wax rarely causes hearing loss by itself, especially if it has not been packed in with a cotton tipped applicator.


In the past, one approach to recurrent ear infections was prophylactic (preventative) antibiotics. For children who have more than 5 or 6 ear infections in a year, many ENT doctors recommend placement of ear tubes (see below) to reduce the need for antibiotics, and prevent the temporary hearing loss and ear pain that goes along with infections.
For children who have persistent middle ear fluid for more than a few months, most ENT doctors will recommend ear tubes (see below). It is important to remember that the tube does not "fix" the underlying problem (immature Eustachian tube function and poor ear ventilation). Adenoidectomy adds a small amount of time and risk to the surgery, and like all operations, should not be done unless there is a good reason. In this case, though, the ventilation tube serves to drain the infected fluid out of the ear.
The most common problem after tube placement is persistent drainage of liquid from the ear.
In rare cases, the hole in the eardrum will not close as expected after the tube comes out (persistent perforation).
I see my patients with tubes around 3 weeks after surgery, and then every three months until the tubes fall out and the ears are fully healed and healthy.
If a child has a draining ear for more than 3-4 days, I ask that he or she be brought into the office for an examination.
Once the tube is out and the hole in the eardrum has closed, the child is once again dependant on his or her own natural ear ventilation to prevent ear infections and the accumulation of fluid.
About 10-15% of children will need a second set of tubes, and a smaller number will need a third set. Children who have ear tubes in place and who swim more than a foot or so under water should wear ear plugs.


Deep diving (more than 3-4 feet underwater) should not be done even with ear plugs while pressure equalizing tubes are in place.
To help prevent further complications, you should see an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) healthcare specialist on a regular basis. MPS I survey results: patterns in the referral, diagnosis, and management of individuals with MPS I. The eustachian tube allows for the regulation of air pressure and drainage from the middle ear space into the back of the nose. The air comes through a narrow channel called the Eustachian tube which connects the middle ear to the back of the throat and noseThe Eustachian tube is closed but you can open them briefly when you swallow or yawn (or pinch your nose and blow air in it, like you do on an airplane). The earache can be caused by a disorder in a close by part of you body, this is called referred pain or radiationThe original cause may be dental problems like caries or tooth decay or teething in babies. If you are having difficulty breathing while you sleep, you may be asked to participate in a sleep study to see whether you have sleep apnea. The cold can cause the tubes to swell enough to become blocked trapping fluids inside your ear. This makes it an ideal place for viruses, germs and bacteria to grow and cause an infectionBecause in children these tubes are obviously smaller they get blocked more easily so they suffer more from middle ear infections than adultsA lot of the times in young children this ear infection often accompanies a cold, sore throat and cough. These are not symptoms but can be a sign that your child may also be developing an ear infectionAllergiesAllergies like hay fever or nutritional allergies, can also cause inflammation and the build up of fluids in the middle ear.



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10.08.2015 admin



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