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The outer ear collects sound waves, which move through the ear canal to the tympanic membrane, commonly called the eardrum. The inner ear also contains three semi-circular canals that function as the body's gyroscope, regulating balance. The Eustachian tube, an important structure in the ear, runs from the middle ear to the passages behind the nose and the upper part of the throat. In children, ear infections often recur, particularly if they first develop in early infancy. Children who are susceptible to OME can have frequent episodes for more than half of their first 3 years of life.
Most episodes will resolve within 3 months, but 30 - 40% of children may have recurrent episodes. Haemophilus influenzae, the next most common culprit, is responsible for 20 - 30% of acute infections.
However, other viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV, a virus responsible for childhood respiratory infections) and influenza (flu), can be the actual causes of some ear infections. Otitis media with effusion (OME) may occur spontaneously following an episode of acute otitis media. As children grow, however, the structures in their ears enlarge and their immune systems become stronger. If the ear infection is severe, the tympanic membrane may rupture, causing the parent to notice pus draining from the ear. Fevers and colds often make children irritable and fussy, so it is difficult to determine if acute otitis media is present as well.
While severe cases of recurrent acute otitis media or persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) are associated with impaired hearing for a period of time, the long-term consequences resulting from this hearing loss may not be significant in most children. Hearing loss in children may temporarily slow down language development and reading skills. Before the introduction of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, mastoiditis (an infection in the bones located in the skull), was a serious, albeit rare, complication of otitis media.
If pain and fever persist in spite of antibiotic treatment of otitis media, the doctor should check for mastoiditis. If an infection of the mastoid air cells cannot be controlled with antibiotics, surgery may be needed.
The doctor first removes any ear wax (called cerumen) in order to get a clear view of the middle ear.
The doctor uses a small flashlight-like instrument called an otoscope to view the ear directly. An otoscope is a tool that shines a beam of light to help visualize and examine the condition of the ear canal and eardrum. Neither tympanometry nor reflectometry are substitutes for the pneumatic otoscope, which allows a direct view of the middle ear. AOM (fluid and infection) is often difficult to differentiate from OME (fluid without infection). Parents can also use a sonar-like device, such as the EarCheck Monitor, to determine if there is fluid in their child's middle ear. On rare occasions the doctor may need to draw fluid from the ear using a needle for identifying specific bacteria, a procedure called tympanocentesis. Hearing tests performed by an audiologist are usually recommended for children with persistent otitis media with effusion. By around 5 months, infants should be laughing out loud and making one-syllable sounds with both a vowel and consonant.
Between 6 - 8 months, babies should be able to make word-like sounds with more than one syllable. Usually starting around 7 months, and by 10 months, babies babble (making many word-like noises). Around 10 months, babies can identify and use some term for a parent, such as dada, baba, or mama.
If a child's progress is significantly delayed beyond these times, a parent should suspect possible hearing problems. Until recently, nearly every American child with an ear infection who visited a doctor received antibiotics. If there is no improvement or symptoms worsen, parents can schedule an appointment with the child's doctor to determine if antibiotics are needed.
While children with non-severe AOM who are given antibiotics may recover slightly more quickly, they often have a high number of side effects and antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Children 6 months or older should be treated for pain within the first 24 hours with either acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
An initial observation period of 48 - 72 hours is recommended for select children to determine if the infection will resolve on its own without antibiotic treatment. For children aged 6 months - 2 years, criteria for recommending an observation period are an uncertain diagnosis of AOM and a determination that the AOM is not severe.
Preventive antibiotics (antibiotic prophylaxis) may be recommended for recurrent acute otitis media. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) released updated clinical practice guidelines for OME in 2004.
Tympanostomy (the insertion of tubes into the eardrum) is the first choice for surgical intervention. Seek immediate medical attention for high fever, severe pain, or other signs of complications. Parents of infants should contact their doctor immediately if they have any fever, regardless other symptoms.
Herbal remedies are not standardized or regulated, and their quality and safety are largely unknown. The parent should be sure to instruct the child not to blow too hard or the eardrum could be harmed. Either acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) is the pain-reliever of choice in children.
Older children may be able to take prescription pain relievers that contain codeine if the pain is severe. Note: Aspirin and aspirin-containing products are not recommended for children or adolescents. Many non-prescription products are available that combine antihistamines, decongestants, and other ingredients, and some are advertised as cold remedies for children. Swimming can pose specific risks for children with current ear infections or previous surgery.
Children with ruptured acute otitis media (drainage from ear canal) should not go swimming until their infections are completely cured.
Some doctors recommend that children with implanted ear tubes should use earplugs or cotton balls coated in petroleum jelly when swimming to prevent infection. Most children with uncomplicated acute otitis media (AOM) will recover fully without antibiotic therapy. A 10-day course of antibiotics is usually recommended for children younger than 6 years of age, and for those with severe AOM. Antibiotic therapy for 5 - 7 days is recommended for children 6 years of age or older with mild-to-moderate symptoms. In some children whose treatment is successful, fluid will still remain in the middle ear for weeks or months, even after the infection has resolved. When suspecting complications, consult with an ear, nose, and throat specialist (otolaryngologist). The following treatment guidelines provide general recommendations based on the severity of a child's AOM. The most common side effects of nearly all antibiotics are gastrointestinal problems, including cramps, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Tetracycline use during pregnancy, infancy, and childhood may lead to enamel defects and discolorations of permanent teeth. Allergic reactions can also occur with all antibiotics but are most common with medications derived from penicillin or sulfa. A tympanostomy involves the insertion of tubes to allow fluid to drain from the middle ear. After myringotomy, the doctor inserts a tube to allow continuous drainage of the fluid from the middle ear.
Generally, the tubes stay in the eardrum for at least several months before coming out on their own.
Scarring can also occur, particularly in children who need more than one procedure, but it almost never affects hearing. Small keratin (skin cell) containing cysts called cholesteatomas develop around the tube site in about 1% of patients. About 20 - 50% of children may have OME relapse and need additional surgery that involves adenoidectomy and myringotomy.
Myringotomy is used to drain the fluid and may be used (with or without ear tube insertion) in combination with adenoidectomy as a repeat surgical procedure if initial tympanostomy is not successful. Adenoids are collections of spongy lymph tissue in the back of the throat, similar to the tonsils.
Adenoidectomy plus myringotomy (removal of fluid) may be performed if an initial tympanostomy (tube insertion) procedure is unsuccessful in resolving OME. Laser-assisted myringotomy is a technique that is being investigated as an alternative to conventional tympanostomy and myringotomy.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Realistically, for those who do not want to jeopardize the health of their pets, natural based treatments for ticks on dogs is the best way to kill these parasites. One of the biggest concerns pet owners consider when choosing the right treatment to utilize on tick infestation on dogs is the efficacy of the treatment itself. Some pet owners opt for chemical treatments because of the fact that these treatments show effects in a short span of time. This entry was posted in Tick & Flea Prevention, Ticks and tagged chemical based treatments, dogs, ticks on dogs on March 31, 2013 by admin.
If you’ve read our past posts about ticks, you may have noticed that we have not yet fully tackled about ticks on cats. For the benefit of first time visitors, let me just describe what ticks are and what they do on your pets.
This entry was posted in Ticks and tagged cat, natural methods against ticks, ticks on cats on March 12, 2013 by admin. Besides the fact that ticks are gross to look at (especially those that are engorged with blood), they can also be the worst source diseases. Of course there are products out there that address the issue with just a drop of two, but unfortunately, these products contain harmful chemicals that do greater bad than good on our pets. If you have a backyard and your pets and kids love playing outdoors, you don’t need to worry. This list is not an exhaustive list of natural herbs that repel ticks, but if you know some other herbs that can do the same job, please share and leave us a comment below. This entry was posted in Ticks and tagged herbs that ticks hate, natural herbs against ticks on March 8, 2013 by admin.
Ticks are dangerous parasites that can cause life threatening effects on our pets or even ourselves. Dog Shampoo and Soap against ticks – These products are the most commonly used chemical based products that are used to treat and kill ticks.
Tick Powder – Anti-tick and flea powders are also very common products that are used to treat flea and tick infestations on dogs. Anti-Tick Sprays – Like anti-tick and flea powdered products, anti-tick sprays are used to kill and prevent tick infestation on cats and dogs. Spot on Tick treatments – These type of products are manufactured to prevent tick and flea infestation on dogs. When treating your pets from tick or flea infestation, it is very important to treat your surroundings as well.
This entry was posted in Ticks and tagged chemical products, tick on dog, tick treatments, ticks on February 20, 2013 by admin. You’re here today because you have finally decided to take matters in your own hands.
It is very important that pet owners who deal with ticks understand the life cycle of a tick to kill it permanently.
Ticks have long walked the earth even during the Jurassic era, and throughout time these ticks have greatly evolved with capabilities that ensure their continuous existence. Now that we’ve answered essential questions about ticks, it is now time to move on how to kill them naturally. This entry was posted in Ticks and tagged natural tick treatments, ticks, ticks on pets on February 8, 2013 by admin. For many of us, we know that ticks are the little critters that attach themselves on mammals including dogs and cats.
The most common species of ticks are the deer tick, commonly known as the black legged tick and the American dog tick. Ticks can be transmitted from one pet to another, what not most of us know is, this pests are also attracted to warmth and movement.
For the past few years, pet owners have settled for manual tick removal to free their pets from this parasite. Being an ectoparasite, ticks inject a series of substances into the skin of its host to limit pain, itch and sensation, through this, hosts are unable to feel the blood extraction. Another harsh effect of tick infestation is bacterial illnesses caused by tick bites on cattles and humans. Lyme Disease – Lyme borreliosis or commonly known as Lyme disease is a highly contagious illness brought by bacterial infection contracted through the bite of the brown tick.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever – RMSF or Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is brought by a bite from ticks carrying R. We are pet owners just like you and this is the place to express our opinion on Natural Health Remedies for Dogs and Cats. When incoming sound waves strike this membrane, it vibrates like a drum, and converts the sound waves into mechanical energy.
The middle ear is a complex structure filled with air that surrounds a chain of three tiny bones. Here, hair-like structures stimulate nerves to change sound waves into electrochemical impulses that are carried to the brain, which senses these impulses as sounds.
An inflammation in the middle ear is known as "otitis media." AOM is a middle ear infection caused by bacteria that traveled to middle ear from fluid build-up in the Eustachian tube.
This condition occurs when fluid, called an effusion, becomes trapped behind the eardrum in one or both ears, even when there is no infection.
This condition refers to persistent fluid behind the tympanic membrane without any infection present. For pain relief, over-the-counter remedies such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) usually help, but in severe cases opioid drugs may be prescribed.
Viruses play an important role in many ear infections, and can set the scene for a bacterial infection. Nearly a third of infants and toddlers with upper respiratory infections go on to develop acute otitis media.
Viruses can increase middle ear inflammation and interfere with antibiotics' efficacy in treating bacterial-causes ear infections.
Any medical or physical condition that reduces the ear's defense system can increase the risk for ear infections. About two-thirds of children will have a least one attack of AOM by age 3, and a third of these children will have at least 3 episodes. The earlier a child has a first ear infection, the more susceptible they are to recurrent episodes (for instance, 3 or more episodes within a 6-month period). OME is very common in children aged 6 months to 4 years, with about 90% of children having OME at some point. Some doctors believe that an increase in allergies is also partially responsible for the higher number of ear infections.
Although ear infections themselves are not contagious, the respiratory infections that often precede them can pose a risk for children with close and frequent exposure to other children.
Parents who smoke pose a significant risk for both otitis media with effusion (OME) and recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) in their children. Several studies have found that the use of pacifiers place children at higher risk for ear infections.
However, it is difficult to determine if an infant or child who hasn't yet learned to speak has an ear infection. Some hearing loss may occur, but it is often fluctuating and hard to detect, even by observant parents. In such cases, some parents or teachers may attribute their behavior to lack of attention or even to an attention deficit disorder. However, uncomplicated chronic middle ear effusion generally poses no danger for developmental delays in otherwise healthy children.

Certain children with severe or recurrent otitis media may be at risk for structural damage in the ear, including erosion of the ear canal. Inflammatory tissues in the ear called cholesteatomas are an uncommon complication of chronic or severe ear infections. In rare cases, even after a mild infection, some children develop calcification and hardening in the middle and, occasionally, in the inner ear. The condition is difficult to treat and requires intravenous antibiotics and drainage procedures.
Some studies have indicated that children with chronic OME have problems with motor development and balance.
Very rarely, a child with acute otitis media may develop facial paralysis, which is temporary and usually relieved by antibiotics or possibly drainage surgery. An ear examination should be part of any routine physical examination in children, particularly because the problem is so common and may not cause symptoms. Examining the ear can reveal the cause of symptoms such as an earache, the ear feeling full, or hearing loss. In this case, a small probe is held to the entrance of the ear canal and forms an airtight seal.
Symptoms may include fever, pulling on the ear, pain, irritability, or discharge (otorrhea) from the ear. It is important for a doctor to make this distinction as OME does not require antibiotic treatment. EarCheck uses acoustic reflectometry technology, which bounces sound waves off the eardrum to assess mobility. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to test children under 2 years old for hearing problems.
Colds and flus are spread primarily when an infected person coughs or sneezes near someone else.
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommend annual influenza vaccination for all children 6 months to 5 years of age. Newer vaccines contain very little egg protein, but an allergic reaction still may occur in people with strong allergies to eggs. Up to two-thirds of people who receive the influenza vaccine develop redness or soreness at the injection site for 1 - 2 days afterward. Antibiotics may occasionally be recommended to prevent bacterial infections in children with recurrent ear infections (4 or more episodes a year).
Daily diets should include foods such as fresh, dark-colored fruits and vegetables, which are rich in antioxidants and other important food chemicals that help boost the immune system. Researchers are studying the possible protective value of certain strains of lactobacilli, bacteria found in the intestines. Several studies have found that children who live with smokers have a significant risk for ear infections. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, exclusively breast-feeding for a baby’s first 6 months helps to prevent ear and other respiratory infections.
The major debates rest on the use of antibiotics, surgery, and watchful waiting in both acute otitis media (AOM) and otitis media with effusion (OME). Major studies now indicate that antibiotics are unnecessary in most cases of acute otitis media. The intense and widespread use of antibiotics has led to a serious global problem of bacterial resistance to common antibiotics. Studies have found that giving parents the option of delaying antibiotic treatment helps to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics without causing any health problems for the children. For children older than 2 years, the observation period criteria are non-severe symptoms or uncertain diagnosis. Which children should be treated this way, as well as which antibiotics and for how long, have not been clearly determined.
It is important for parents to recognize that persistent fluid behind the eardrum after treatment for acute otitis media does not indicate failed treatment. Adenoidectomy (removal of adenoids) plus myringotomy (removal of fluid), with or without tube insertion, is sometimes recommended as a repeat surgical procedure.
Home RemediesCareful monitoring of the child's condition (watchful waiting) along with home remedies may be a viable alternative to antibiotic treatment for many children with a first episode of acute otitis media. Now, with current concern over antibiotic overuse, many of these remedies are again popular. There is no evidence to indicate that these candles are safe or effective for treatment of AOM or other ear conditions. Parents should never give their child herbal remedies, including oral remedies, without approval from a doctor. A simple technique called the Valsalva's maneuver is useful in opening the Eustachian tubes and providing occasional relief from the chronic stuffy feeling accompanying otitis media with effusion. Auralgan provides short-acting pain relief and may help children endure ear discomfort until an oral pain reliever takes effect.
Reye syndrome, a very serious condition, is associated with aspirin use in children who have chickenpox or flu. Researchers have found little or no benefits for acute otitis media or for otitis media with effusion using decongestants (either oral or nasal sprays or drops), antihistamines, or combination product. Water pollutants or chemicals may exacerbate the infection, and underwater swimming causes pressure changes that can cause pain. When antibiotics are needed, a number of different classes are available for treating acute ear infections.
Failure to finish is a major factor in the growth of bacterial strains that are resistant to antibiotics.
Earaches usually resolve within 24 hours after taking an antibiotic, although about 10% of children who are treated do not respond.
During that period, children may have some hearing problems, but eventually the fluid almost always drains away. This specialist may perform a tympanocentesis or myringotomy, procedures in which fluid is drawn from the ear and examined for specific organisms. Treatment decisions take into account whether the child's condition is severe or non-severe.
Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) is an injectable cephalosporin that may be prescribed as an alternative to amoxicillin-clavulanate, especially for children who have vomiting or other conditions that hamper oral administration. Patients with severe AOM who have failed to respond to amoxicillin-clavulanate after 48 - 72 hours may require the withdrawal of fluid from the ear (tympanocentesis) in order to identify the bacterial strain causing the infection. These reactions can range from mild skin rashes to rare but severe, even life-threatening, anaphylactic shock. Tympanostomy is a simple procedure, and the child almost never has to spend the night in the hospital.
Otorrhea, drainage of secretion from the ear, is the most common complication after surgery and can be persistent in some children.
Rarely, allergic reactions or other complications, such as throat spasm or obstruction, may occur. Sometimes the tubes become blocked from sticky secretions or clotted blood after the operation. Many doctors feel that children should use earplugs when swimming while the tubes are in place in order to prevent infection. Removal of the adenoids, called adenoidectomy, is usually only considered for OME if a pre-existing condition exists such as chronic sinusitis, nasal obstruction, or chronic adenoiditis (inflammation of the adenoids). At present, there is not enough evidence to say whether it is as good as ear tubes, the standard procedure.
Treatment of acute otitis media with probiotics in otitis-prone children-a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised study.
Antibiotic therapy to prevent the development of asymptomatic middle ear effusion in children with acute otitis media: a meta-analysis of individual patient data. Pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides conjugated to protein D for prevention of acute otitis media caused by both Streptococcus pneumoniae and non-typable Haemophilus influenzae: a randomised double-blind efficacy study. Microbiology of acute otitis media in children with tympanostomy tubes: prevalences of bacteria and viruses. Wait-and-see prescription for the treatment of acute otitis media: a randomized controlled trial. Once or twice daily versus three times daily amoxicillin with or without clavulanate for the treatment of acute otitis media. Effect of antibiotics for otitis media on mastoiditis in children: a retrospective cohort study using the United kingdom general practice research database.
A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. This is probably the safest way to kill ticks on dogs since natural treatments involve the use of naturally available ingredients (plants, organic materials, among others.) Although this is true, there are a few pet owners who still opt for chemical based treatments, probably because of time constraints and the absence of knowledge about the health threat these products can bring. Many forums and discussion boards on the net site that most natural treatments against ticks and fleas work just fine as long as the natural treatments are paired with other known effective treatments. As an example, spot on treatments against ticks and fleas only take a few days to totally eradicate ticks and fleas that are present on the dog’s coat.
Although this is true, it is very important to know what the contents of these chemical based products before actually using them on the pets, since these can bring health risks not only to the pets, but to the owners as well. Because of that, we have decided to write this article on natural remedies for ticks on cats. One of the best way to naturally kill ticks is to remove them one by one from your pets skin. If not, all your efforts may just go down the drain, leaving you with a worst tick infestation.
The thing is, ticks are not insects but are of arachnid family (like spiders with eight feet).
If you are like most of these pet owners, you are probably looking for natural ways of repelling these vermin from clinging into your pet’s coat. If you have a pet and you fear that they may bring ticks into your homes, you can crush dried springs of rose geranium, lavender and peppermint. It is virtually harmless to humans and animals so it’s safe to say that this plant is safe to use on your pets (dogs and cats), unless they are allergic. To do this, combine 2 table spoon of vegetable oil in a bottle together with one tablespoon of aloe vera gel. Just like normal shampoo and soap, these products are applied directly to the dog’s coat.
You can also use chemical based products to do this, however, if you have kids at home using non-chemical based products are recommended. Although spiders and ticks are of the arachnid family, the only same thing about them is the number of legs they have.
Ticks like all other insects starts as an egg, once the egg hatches, the tick will turn into a larva, from larva into a nymph and into adulthood. Unlike other parasites, the only means of travel for ticks is crawling, they can’t fly or jump. Vacuuming your homes regularly especially the areas where your pets frequent is another way to deal with ticks.
Feed your dogs with foods that contain garlic and balsamic vinegar (but don’t do this often).
Both specie are as dangerous as the ticks found in the wild since they are able to transmit bacterial diseases on  to their hosts. From then on, these parasites have flourished through time because of the growing number of possible hosts found in the wild, including dogs.
Once transmitted, a tick will cling on its new host through its mouth, and will begin to suck blood from host’s skin. Proper prevention is the key to prevent future infestation, although in some severely infested areas, infestation is very common during the warm months. Although ticks only come second to mosquitoes, but its likelihood to carry diseases on to its host is very high. These said chemicals are able to produce anesthetic effects and mostly bodily fluids present in a tick. Since tick generally introduce a variety of substances into its hosts skin, tick-borne illnesses are sometimes unpreventable during the infestation.
Lyme disease is most common in the northern Hemisphere and was named after the towns in Connecticut.
These bones vibrate to the rhythm of the eardrum and pass the sound waves on to the inner ear.
It is called suppurative chronic otitis when there is persistent inflammation in the middle ear or mastoids, or chronic rupture of the eardrum with drainage.
Rhinovirus is a common virus that causes a cold and plays a leading role in the development of ear infections. Children with shorter than normal and relatively horizontal Eustachian tubes are at particular risk for initial and recurrent infections. Risk FactorsAcute ear infections account for 15 - 30 million visits to the doctor each year in the U.S.
Some research suggests that the increase in ear and other infections may be due to the increasing attendance of very small children, including infants, in day care centers.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breastfeeding for at least the baby's first 6 months.
Sucking increases production of saliva, which helps bacteria travel up the Eustachian tubes to the middle ear. The only sign to a parent that the condition exists may be when a child complains of "plugged up" hearing. As the majority of chronic ear effusion cases eventually clear up on their own, many doctors recommend against placement of tympanostomy tubes for most children. Facial paralysis may also occur for patients with chronic otitis media and a cholesteatoma (tissue in the middle ear). Infection in the outer ear, however, can be confirmed by tugging the outer ear, which will produce pain.
A doctor should always check for this first when a small child indicates pain or problems in the ear.
While the air pressure is varied, a sound with a fixed tone is directed at the eardrum and its energy is measured. In patients with OME, an air bubble may be visible and the eardrum is often cloudy and very immobile. When fluid is present behind the middle ear (a symptom of AOM and OME), the eardrum will not be as mobile. This is most often performed by an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist, and usually only in severe or recurrent cases. Preventing influenza (the "flu') may be a more important protective measure against ear infections than preventing bacterial infections.
One such drug, oseltamivir (Tamiflu), is approved for use in children age 1 year and older.
Also, infants are held during breast-feeding in a position that allows the Eustachian tubes to function well. Between 80 - 90% of all children with uncomplicated ear infections recover within a week without antibiotics. Current guidelines released by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend an initial observation period of 48 - 72 hours for select children. Unfortunately, surveys indicate that although medical guidelines recommend watchful waiting, few doctors regularly practice it. Antibiotics, decongestants, antihistamines and corticosteroids do not help and are not recommended for routine management of OME.
Ear tube insertion may be recommended when fluid builds up behind your child's eardrum and does not go away after 4 months or longer. The American College of Chest Physicians recommends against the use of nonprescription cough and cold medicines in children age 14 years and younger. This may occur when a virus is present or if the bacteria causing the ear infection is resistant to the prescribed antibiotic.
Other drug classes may be prescribed if a child is allergic to penicillin or does not respond to the initial therapy. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) is sufficient for any postoperative pain in most children. The risk is highest in children who have other medical conditions, most commonly upper respiratory infections, lung disease, or gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD).
Failure to achieve normal or near-normal hearing is usually due to complicated conditions, such as preexisting ear problems or persistent OME in children who have had previous multiple tympanostomies.
Others feel that as long as the child does not dive or swim underwater, earplugs may not be necessary. Unfortunately, because we do not have full control over of the whole environment, where they play or explore, some of them get contract ticks and fleas.
In the worst case scenario, some of these treatments can cause: allergic reactions on both dogs and humans, liver complications on dogs, lung diseases, seizures or even death.
As an example, some pet owners opt to modify the diet of their pets to include foods that naturally produce sulfur (note: ticks and fleas hate sulfur).

However, it is also worthy to note that the eggs other adult ticks that are not on the pet’s coat are not eliminated.
If you have a pet cat, you may have noticed how these cute little creatures want to stay clean all the time. To safely perform this method, you will have to use a pair of glove, a bottle container with lid, alcohol and a pair of tweezers.
This is extremely important to get rid of the tick eggs that were removed from your pet’s skin when it scratch. To fully utilize this herb, you will need to boil one pint of water with several rosemary leaves. This is why, it is only imperative that we, as pet owners treat our pets from it right away at the first sight of possible presence and infestation. Some manufacturers advertise their products with the ability to kill ticks and fleas on contact, some also claims that their products have long-lasting effects against ticks and fleas. The most common ingredients found on anti-tick spray products are Etofenprox, (S)-Methopren, Piperonyl Butoxide and other inert ingredients. One advantage spot on tick treatments have to offer is its ability to kill adult ticks and fleas within 24 to 48 hours of application. If you feel that chemical products are not working, try to consult a local veterinarian and for opinion and consultation.
Ticks, mostly stay in low lying plants (shrubs and grass) while waiting for their next host. This powder like natural product contains microscopic worm like organisms that feeds on tick eggs and fleas.
Bathing your pet dogs and cats with shampoos and soaps that contain natural ingredients is essential in killing tick eggs that are laid on their coats.
In fact, doing this so often ensures that you kill unhatched eggs by disposing them off in a plastic bag with some Diatomaceous earth powder.
Today, although ticks can be found almost anywhere in the world, they are most common in humid and warm countries. Ticks can often inhabit less hairy areas of its host’s body, typically the ear and its surrounding area. To address this, pet owners must know how to handle the situation before it gets more severe. The most reasonable choice for some is the use of medicated soaps and other chemicals to free their beloved pets from ticks. Although blood loss is very minimal during the early stage of tick infestation, as time progress, anemia is one of its effects.
Individuals or pets suffering from this illness may experience fever, headache, depression and rashes which vanish within a week or two which can reoccur if left untreated.
With our vision and mission instilled, we constantly strive hard in improving ourselves and elevate our services to offer the best ENT general and subspecialty care, for every ASCENT patient matters.
CausesAcute otitis media (middle ear infection) is usually due to a combination of factors that increase susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections in the middle ear. Some parents believe that tugging on the ear indicates an infection, but this gesture is more likely to indicate pain from teething.
Other symptoms can include loud talking, not responding to verbal commands, and turning up the television or radio. Pressing the bulb and observing the action of the air against the eardrum allows the doctor to gauge the eardrum's movement.
This device can detect fluid in the middle air and also obstruction in the Eustachian tube. A scarred, thick, or opaque eardrum may make it difficult for the doctor to distinguish between acute otitis media and OME. In most cases, tympanocentesis is not necessary in order to obtain an accurate enough diagnosis for effective treatment. For example, studies report that children who are vaccinated against influenza experience a third fewer ear infections during flu season than unvaccinated children.
Antibodies to the influenza virus generally develop within 2 weeks of vaccination, and immunity peaks within 4 - 6 weeks, then gradually wanes. These symptoms are not influenza itself but an immune response to the virus proteins in the vaccine. Studies report significant reduction in symptoms and in the incidence of ear infections with this drug. It is included in the Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule and is specifically approved for preventing otitis media. TreatmentMany of the treatments for ear infections, particularly antibiotic use and surgical procedures, are often unnecessary in many children.
Likewise, receiving antibiotics for an acute ear infection does not seem to prevent children from having fluid behind the ears after the infection is cleared up. Pain relief can initially be given with acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil), or topical benzocaine drops.
For one, the condition resolves without treatment in nearly all children, especially those whose OME followed an acute ear infection.
Between 20 - 50% of children who undergo this procedure may have OME relapse and need additional surgery). Other antibiotics are available for children who are allergic to penicillin or who do not respond within 2 - 3 days. It is not necessary to perform an adenoidectomy along with tube insertion for children under 4 years of age. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Since ticks and fleas are seen as extremely dangerous for our pets’ health, it is very important that tick and flea infestations are treated the right way. This is why, many organizations like the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) are calling the right government institutions to completely ban the use of these products.
Aside from this, pet owners also pair this treatment with the use of organic and natural shampoos and soap when bathing their pets. It requires an additional treatment to eradicate these pests from the surrounding areas and areas that are frequented by the dog. The lifespan of ticks can range from one year up to three years if their living conditions is ideal. If you feel unsure about any of the methods, please contact your pet’s veterinarian for more information. Follow the illustration below as described to ensure that you remove the ticks head from your pet’s skin.
If you feel that the methods you employ are not enough you can combine these natural treatments with proven safe and effective chemical remedies. The last thing pet owners want is to find out that their dogs or cats have become the new host of a tick infestation. You can also plant Pennyroyal, this plant is also of the mint family, however take into consideration that this plant may induce abortion. Once perfectly mixed add 25 drops of lavender oil and another 25 drops of Rose geranium essential oil. For some pet owners, natural remedies for tick on dogs are the best way to treat an infestation, but there are some pet owners who’d rather use chemical treatments to get rid of these parasites. It is important to note, when using these type of products to wash the dogs thoroughly after application. It’s very important that during the application of spray any anti-tick products are well supervised by an adult and must not reach the eyes, nose and mouth of your pet.
When using any of the products mentioned above, it is imperative that you know how it functions and how you can apply it on your pet in a safe manner without side effects.
With that said, you ask yourself, how can I kill these parasites safely without causing any repercussions to me and my pets? Foods that contain both are effective because it makes the skin of your dogs more acidic in nature. Ticks are small, but their threat on health is as high as most common pests found in urban places.
In cold countries, ticks only flourish during the warm and humid months between spring and summer. Nonetheless, they can also inhabit any given area of the host’s body including body parts with higher hair concentration. Unlike in most warm countries where ticks flourish all throughout the year, cold countries only encounter tick infestation during the humid months of spring and summer.
Its thirst for blood only ceases for a moment after feeding, but to support its metamorphosis, ticks require a high supply of blood from its host. Otitis externa can also be precipitated by overly aggressively scratching or cleaning ears or when an object gets stuck in the ears.
The primary setting for middle ear infections is in a child's Eustachian tube, which runs from the middle ear to the nose and upper throat.
If a cold does occur, the virus can cause the membranes along the walls of the inner passages to swell and obstruct the airways.
Genetic conditions, such as Kartagener's syndrome in which the cilia (hair-like structures) in the ear are immobile and cause fluid build up, also increase the risk.
However, a causal relationship between allergies and ear infections has not been definitively established. PrognosisDoctors should carefully evaluate ear infections in infants fewer than 3 months old, and consider more serious infections, such as meningitis.
DiagnosisThe doctor should be sure to ask the parent if the child has had a recent cold, flu, or other respiratory infection. Results indicate the likelihood of the presence of fluid and may help patients decide whether they need to contact their child's doctor. Another antiviral drug, zanamivir (Relenza), is available for children older than age 7 years .
The recommended schedule of pneumococcal immunization is four doses, given at 2, 4, 6, and 12 - 15 months of age.
Antihistamines and decongestants may cause more harm than good by provoking side effects such as stomach upset and drowsiness. But most children do not have long-term damage to their hearing or their ability to speak even when the fluid remains for many months.
Only a small percentage of hearing loss cases can be attributed to complications of the operation itself. Many of these organizations have also sited that most of these chemical based products, contain chemicals that can affect not only the pets, but also the owners of the dogs and their children.
Although it is worthy to point out that the majority of natural treatments for ticks on dogs can take time before showing any effects, these treatments are still effective in totally eradicating ticks and fleas. Ensure that you remove the tick’s head, if not the area may swell and become infected. This is why, most pet owners try to find the best way to deal with these nuisance before they actually climb onto their dog’s fur. If you have a female pet who you suspect is pregnant , don’t let it play near the plant. Before feeding your pet or providing them with garlic supplement, talk to your veterinarian about it.
Either way, there are chemical treatments that are available in the market that claims effective treatment against ticks.
Using chemical based products on pets does not only cause your dogs or cats harm, but your household as well. They suck blood from their host and can multiply to hundreds if not thousands in just a matter of months. Not until, Ambertick a natural remedy for tick infestation and a proven product that prevents future infestation.
Infection is another enemy during the infestation as wounds are inflicted onto the host’s skin, without proper treatment these wounds can become infected that may cause death.
Left untreated with the right antibiotic, the patient can become highly contagious and may die. The Eustachian tube is shorter and narrower in children than adults, and therefore more vulnerable to blockage.
If this inflammation blocks the narrow Eustachian tube, the middle ear may not drain properly. Children with Down syndrome or Fetal Alcohol Syndrome may also be at increased risk due to anatomical abnormalities. If the child complains of pain or has other symptoms of otitis media, such as redness and inflammation, the doctor should rule out any other causes. However, it is not recommended that children be treated with antibiotics based on the findings using this device. Waterless hand cleaners that contain an alcohol-based gel are also effective for everyday use and may even kill cold viruses. FluMist is made from a live but weakened influenza virus; flu shots use inactivated (not live) viruses. In general, regions and institutions with the highest rate of resistance are those in which antibiotics are the most heavily prescribed. At present, there is no compelling evidence to indicate that allergy treatment can assist with OME management nor has a causal relationship between allergies and OME been established. Adenoidectomy is not recommended as an initial procedure unless some other condition (chronic sinusitis, nasal obstruction, adenoiditis) is present.
Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. These are just a few reasons why most pet owners opt for natural products to cure tick infestations.
Cretins such as fleas and ticks are not just bad news for pet owners and their pets, but can also become a great health threat.
If you plan to do this method until all your pet’s ticks are removed, you must do this every other day to ensure that all adult ticks are removed.
You can spray this concoction onto your pet’s skin before allowing him to play outside of your home.
Even in humans Pennyroyal can induce abortion, so make sure to plant it only when no one is pregnant or suspected pregnant in your home. You can apply the solution directly into your pets skin before going out or walking your dog.
If you can’t find any, you can substitute the oils with steeped version of the said plants.
Most dog shampoos and soap against ticks contain: (S)-Methoprene, Pyrethrins and Piperonyl Butoxide. It is best that you ask your veterinarian’s opinion before using any of these type of products. Besides these, ticks are also known as disease vectors, which only makes them more dangerous to you and your pets. Ambertick is designed and manufactured to protect pets from tick infestation and is made from natural amber from fossilized pine. Children younger than 2 years old, and children younger than age 5 who have asthma or recurrent wheezing, should not receive FluMist.
Even if OME lasts for longer than 3 months, the condition generally resolves on its own without any long term effects on language or development and intervention may not be necessary. This is why, it’s very important to deal with these menace in an efficient and safe way possible. Do not forget to give your pet a bath using a naturally made shampoo and soap that eliminates ticks. It is very important to note that before the usage of any of these products, consult your pet’s veterinarian for proper instructions and evaluation. 16SOFT's nasal prongs and faceplate are soft and gently curved conforming naturally to your nostrils and upper lip. In such cases, alcohol-based rinses are needed.) Antibacterial soaps add little protection, particularly against viruses. The doctor will re-evaluate the child at periodic intervals to determine if there is risk for hearing loss. For a small group of pet owners, chemical based products are the best remedies against tick infestations. Below, we will list down some chemical products that are commonly used to treat ticks on dogs today. This is especially true in situation when pet owners do not want to use chemical based products to kill ticks and fleas and stop its reproduction.
Wiping surfaces with a solution that contains 1 part bleach to 10 parts water is very effective in killing viruses.
If you are a new cat owner and you’ve noticed that your cat is infested with ticks, the tips below can definitely assist you.

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15.11.2013 admin

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