Hearing loss in call centers,chronic pain and tinnitus,homeopathic treatment for ringing ears zinken - You Shoud Know

With the advancement of medical science over the last few decades, one would think that we would be abe to explain the reasons for each individual's hearing loss, unfortunately this is not the case. Conductive Hearing Loss occurs when there is a problem in the outer ear or the middle ear, such as ear wax, fluid behind the eardrum, or middle ear infection. Notice: Due to scheduled maintenance, the Consumer Broadband Test will be temporarily unavailable between 6 PM EDT on April 6, 2013 and 6 AM EDT on April 7, 2013. To allow first responders anywhere in the nation to send and receive critical voice, video and data to save lives, reduce injuries and prevent acts of crime and terror. To ensure all Americans can access emergency services quickly and send and receive vital information, regardless of how it is transmitted.
To revolutionize the way Americans are notified about emergencies and disasters so they receive information vital to their safety. To reduce threats to e-commerce and other Internet-based applications by ensuring the security of the nation's broadband networks. Unfortunately, the United States has not yet realized the potential of broadband to enhance public safety.Today, first responders from different jurisdictions and agencies often cannot communicate during emergencies. Broadband can also make 911 and emergency alert systems more capable, allowing for better protection of lives and property. Finally, well-structured and well-protected broadband networks could reduce threats to Internet-based applications. Create a nationwide interoperable public safety wireless broadband communications network (public safety broadband network).
The FCC and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) should create a cybersecurity information reporting system.
The FCC and the National Communications System (NCS) should create priority network access and routing for broadband communications. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) should prepare a report to identify the costs of deplying a nationwide NG 911 system and recommend that Congress consider providing public funding.
The Executive Branch should clarify agency roles on the implementation and maintenance of a next-generation alert and warning system. Create an administrative system that ensures access to sufficient capacity on a day-to-day and emergency basis. Ensure there is a mechanism in place to promote interoperability and operability of the network. Establish a funding mechanism to ensure the network is deployed throughout the United States and has necessary coverage, resiliency and redundancy. The country has long recognized the potential for broadband technologies to revolutionize emergency response wireless mobile communications. First, an administrative system must ensure that users of the public safety broadband spectrum have the capacity and service they require for their network and can leverage commercial technologies to capture economies of scale and scope.
This system will allow the public safety community to realize the benefits of commercial technologies, which will reduce costs and ensure the network evolves.
Past efforts to create a public safety narrowband interoperable voice network have failed. In addition to a strong administrative system, the FCC should also create an Emergency Response Interoperability Center (ERIC) to ensure that these applications, devices and networks all work together, so that first responders nationwide can communicate with one another seamlessly. Finally, a grant program will be designed to provide federal support to local efforts in order to fund the capital and ongoing costs of the public safety broadband network. In 1997, Congress directed the FCC to provide public safety agencies with spectrum in the 700 MHz band, considered prime spectrum for public safety communication.
The FCC should overcome past challenges by encouraging, though not requiring, incentive-based partnerships to ensure success. The rulemaking also should stipulate that, when a public safety broadband wireless network is at capacity or unavailable, authorized public safety users should get priority access on commercial networks, including all networks using the 700 MHz band and potentially other networks as well. Second, it is critical to develop commercial devices that can operate across 3GPP Band 14 in its entirety. The FCC should create ERIC under the umbrella of the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau immediately. ERIC will establish a baseline for the seamless exchange of public safety wireless broadband communications on a nationwide, interoperable basis from the start of the network's development. The FCC's FY2011 budget proposes $1.5 million in funding to establish ERIC and support initial staffing requirements. Adopt technical and operational requirements and procedures to ensure a nationwide level of interoperability; this should be implemented and enforced through FCC rules, license and lease conditions and grant conditions. Adopt and implement other enforceable technical, interoperability and operational requirements and procedures to address, at a minimum, operability, roaming, priority access, gateway functions and interfaces and interconnectivity of public safety broadband wireless networks.
Adopt authentication and encryption requirements for common public safety broadband applications and network use.
ERIC should also work with DHS and the public safety community to ensure that the public safety broadband network and public safety narrowband wireless networks can communicate with one another seamlessly.
ERIC should work with NIST's Public Safety Communications Research Program to ensure that it collaborates in its work on research, development, testing, evaluation and standards with both the public safety community and industry.
NIST has announced that it is moving forward with development of a demonstration 700 MHz public safety broadband network in FY2010.
As shown in Exhibit 16-B, a multi-pronged approach will provide public safety with greater dependability, capacity and cost savings.
Construction of a public safety 700 MHz broadband network that involves partnerships and uses commercial infrastructure, the public safety infrastructure or both through incentive-based partnerships. Development of an inventory of deployable capability (such as COWs and COLTs) for the 700 MHz public safety band. A single grant-making agency, in coordination with ERIC, should structure the funding to ensure the network is built efficiently. The total present value of the capital expenditure and ongoing costs over the next 10 years is approximately $12-16 billion.
It is essential that the United States establish a long-term, sustainable and adequate funding mechanism to help pay for the operation, maintenance and upgrade of the public safety broadband network. It is essential that the public safety community has the funds to operate, maintain and improve this network. Congress should consider authorizing the FCC to impose or require the imposition of such a fee or other funding means. In emergencies, the federal government uses an FCC-developed system called Project Roll Call to determine the operational status of wireless and broadcast communications (including public safety communications) and to help emergency managers restore operations when necessary. There is a lack of detailed information about state and local deployments of public safety broadband networks, infrastructure and equipment.
Technical factors can affect broadband service during disasters, but it is vital that broadband networks operate reliably and have redundant capabilities in an emergency. Federal agencies should recommend the use of broadband fixed and mobile satellite service for emergency preparedness and response activities, as well as for national security, homeland security, continuity and crisis management.25 These recommendations should be issued when the agencies offer emergency preparedness and response information guidelines to the emergency response community, or when they develop plans and programs on emergency response.
Communications providers have experienced frequent attacks on critical Internet infrastructures. Today the FCC currently does not regularly collect outage information when broadband service providers experience network outages. The FCC should begin a proceeding to establish a voluntary cybersecurity certification system that creates market incentives for communications service providers to upgrade their network cybersecurity.
The FCC, other government partners and ISPs lack "situational awareness" to allow them to respond in a coordinated, decisive fashion to cyber attacks on communications infrastructure. CIRS should be designed to disseminate information rapidly to participating providers during major cyber events. The FCC should increase its participation in domestic and international fora addressing international cybersecurity activities and issues. Simultaneous failure of, or simultaneous damage to, several IP network facilities or routers could halt traffic between major metropolitan areas or between national security and public safety offices. This proceeding should also examine commercial networks' preparedness to withstand overloads that may occur during extraordinary events such as bioterrorism attacks or pandemics. Broadband users in the public safety community have no system of priority access and routing on broadband networks. For years, communications networks were designed and deployed to achieve "carrier-class" reliability.
The nation's 911 system is evolving toward supporting NG911, which will integrate the core functions and capabilities of Enhanced 911 (E911) while adding new 911 capabilities in multiple formats, such as texting, photos, video and e-mail. Replace the E911 system while retaining its core functions, such as automatic location information and automatic number identification.
Add capabilities to support 911 access in multiple formats for all types of originating service providers, application developers and device manufacturers. Increase system flexibility, redundancy and efficiency for PSAPs and 911 governing authorities.
Add capabilities to integrate and interoperate with entities involved in emergency response beyond the PSAP. Broadband will make it possible for PSAPs to push and pull video, images, medical information, environmental sensor transmissions and a host of other data through shared databases and networks. An emergency call center in Black Hawk County, Iowa, became the first in the nation to accept text messages sent to "911" in August 2009. It is designed so people with speech and hearing impediments can text 911 for emergency services. While voice communication is still the primary method for 911 communications, this new wave of Next Generation 911 capability is just one example of the way the nation is modernizing its 911 system to better serve the public. It is critical that the NG911 system is developed in a way that most effectively ensures Americans can access 911 systems anytime and anyplace. Congress should consider funding for NHTSA to analyze the costs of deploying a nationwide NG911 system.
The legislation should recognize existing state authority over 911 services but require states to remove regulatory roadblocks to NG911 development. Congress should also consider amending and reauthorizing the ENHANCE 911 Act and restoring the E911 Implementation Coordination Office (ICO) with appropriate funding. Congress should also consider amending and reauthorizing the ENHANCE 911 Act and restoring the E911 ImplementationCoordination Office (ICO) with appropriate funding. The FCC is considering changes to its location accuracy requirements and the possible extension of Automatic Location Identification (ALI) requirements to interconnected VoIP services.46 The FCC should expand this proceeding to explore how NG911 may affect location accuracy and ALI. The current 911 system will also need to be re-evaluated as broadband-based communications continue to proliferate.
New broadband-based devices and applications may not offer the traditional voice and "call" capabilities that wireless or VoIP phones do today. The FCC should quickly begin a proceeding exploring all issues for developing a multiple platform, redundant, next-generation alert system.
Next-generation technologies will transform the information delivery capabilities of both EAS and CMAS. The system should alert the public of emergencies through all possible means of communications.
FEMA's development of IPAWS should help ensure that a ubiquitous alert transmission system is available to accommodate multiple alert platforms and participation by all federal, state, Tribal, local and private sector alert stakeholders. A comprehensive inquiry will allow the FCC to obtain input on the alerting system's future and to form a new regulatory framework for next-generation alerting.


The Executive Branch through an interagency policy council or through a directive should take action by executive order, federal interagency policy committee or other formal means, to clarify the responsibilities of each federal agency in the implementation, maintenance and administration of next generation alerting systems. 1 Under this approach, for example, the public safety licensee(s) is afforded the flexibility to enter into agreements with commercial partners for construction and operation of their 700 MHz network. 4 See Implementing a Nationwide, Broadband, Interoperable Public Safety Network in the 700 MHz Band, PS Docket No. Almost half are under the age of 65 and 54% of the population over the age of 65 suffer from hearing loss. Many times this type of hearing loss may be corrected by medical or surgical treatments.Symptoms of Hearing Loss. Broadband can help public safety personnel prevent emergencies and respond swiftly when they occur. As the world moves online, America's digital borders are not nearly as secure as its physical borders. In a broadband world, there is a unique opportunity to achieve a comprehensive vision for enhancing the safety and security of the American people. For example, with broadband, 911 call centers (also known as public safety answering points or PSAPs) could receive text, pictures and videos from the public and relay them to first responders. The proliferation of Internet Protocol (IP)-based communications requires stronger cybersecurity. However, leveraging commercial broadband will not be sufficient to develop a truly interoperable nationwide network that meets public safety standards. In addition, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) should undertake a survey to track progress on broadband interoperability for the public safety community. The grant program must provide public safety network operators with long term support, and enough flexibility to form appropriate partnerships with systems integrators and other vendors to ensure the public safety broadband network is deployed properly. During an FCC field hearing at Georgetown University Medical Center, the George Washington University (GWU) professor of medicine vividly detailed how wireless broadband technologies can help him provide emergency medical care. In 2007, the FCC adopted rules to promote the construction, deployment and operation of a nationwide and seamless wireless 700 MHz public safety broadband network4 by creating a mandatory partnership between the public safety community and the private licensee of a 700 MHz commercial spectrum allocation known as the "D block." The FCC subsequently held an auction in which the D block spectrum failed to attract a required minimum bid. The FCC should encourage network solutions that reduce costs and should provide options for the public safety community to leverage commercial networks, private networks or both.6 These rules should also provide the public safety community with more competitive choice among commercial partners.
The public safety community must be able to partner with commercial operators and others (such as systems integrators) to lower the costs of building the network and encourage its evolution.
To improve the capacity of public safety networks during emergencies, the FCC should begin a rulemaking to require commercial mobile radio service providers to give public safety users the ability to roam on commercial networks in 700 MHz and potentially other bands.
The licensee(s) should be able to obtain priority access under terms similar to those required in today's Wireless Priority Service (WPS).
The FCC should quickly license the D block for commercial use, while implementing several requirements for the D block licensee(s) to maximize options for partnerships with public safety. The FCC, working with other federal agencies, should explore other cost-saving measures for the build-out of public safety broadband wireless networks. ERIC will develop common standards for interoperability and operating procedures to be used by the public safety entities licensed to construct, operate and use this nationwide network.
This is crucial to allow responders from varying jurisdictions and disciplines to communicate with one another when they converge at an emergency, or when incidents span several jurisdictions.
ERIC's public safety advisory committee14 will provide input from the public safety community on ERIC's proposed actions.
No federal laboratory facilities exist to independently test and demonstrate public safety 700 MHz broadband technologies. Congress should consider allocating long-term public funding to continue this and other programs that support the new public safety network. The grant-making agency should have flexibility to limit the time that a grant recipient has to spend any granted funds. State and local governments could contribute funds to cover some of these costs, and there may be additional cost-saving methods that reduce this estimate — such as sharing federal infrastructure, working with utilities, or use of state and local tower sites to improve coverage.
Congress should also consider granting the FCC the authority to implement or authorize mechanisms to collect, manage, audit and support the grant-making agency's disbursement of these funds. However, the system is not designed to operate in a 700 MHz broadband spectrum environment. FEMA, working with Regional Emergency Communications Coordination (RECC) working groups, periodically collects data on narrowband systems.22 But there is no systematic study of public safety wireless broadband communications networks.
A way to ensure this is to use existing broadband mobile and fixed satellite services in an affected area in the event of a disaster or crisis. However, certain for-profit communications providers provide vital services that ensure public safety. A variety of state and non-state entities have demonstrated the ability to steal, alter or destroy data and to manipulate or control systems designed to ensure the functioning of portions of our critical infrastructure. This lack of data limits our understanding of network operations and of how to prevent future outages. Nearly half of all businesses in the 2009 Global State of Information Security Study reported that they are cutting budgets for information security initiatives.
The FCC should also examine additional voluntary incentives that could improve cybersecurity and improve education about cybersecurity issues, and consider the international aspects of such a program. The FCC and DHS's Office of Cybersecurity and Communications together should develop an IP network Cybersecurity Information Reporting System (CIRS) to accompany the existing Disaster Information Reporting System (DIRS). CIRS should be crafted as a real-time voluntary monitoring system for cyber events affecting the communications infrastructure. It should also engage in dialogues and partnerships with regulatory authorities addressing cybersecurity matters in other countries. Because many companies colocate equipment, damage to certain buildings could affect a large amount of broadband traffic, including NG 911 communications. DHS has developed pandemic preparedness best practices for network service providers, but adherence to these voluntary standards is not tracked.
Such a system is critical to protect time-sensitive, safety-of-life information from loss or delay due to network congestion.
As the communications infrastructure migrates from older technologies to broadband technology, critical communications services will be carried over a communications network that may or may not be built to these high standards. NG911 also will integrate entities involved in emergency response beyond the PSAP (see Exhibit 16-E.). Public safety and industry standards organizations have reached a consensus on NG911 technical architecture to meet demands posed by new forms of technology and methods of communication. It eliminates the cumbersome process of having a deaf person using a keyboard to write a message, which is then delivered via a relay center to the operator answering the call. Several agencies administer existing grant and loan programs without any central coordination or uniform criteria.40 Moreover, limited information has been developed on the potential cost of NG911 implementation. This framework should remove jurisdictional barriers and inconsistent legacy regulations and provide legal mechanisms to ensure efficient and accurate transmission of 911 caller information to emergency response agencies. It should also give the FCC the authority to implement a NG911 federal regulatory framework, eliminate outdated 911 regulations at the federal level and preempt inconsistent state regulations. ICO can build upon its prior work with wireless and IP-enabled 911 services and help ensure NG911 is deployed in an interoperable and reliable fashion. ICO can build upon its prior work with wireless and IP-enabled 911 services and help ensure NG911 is deployed in an interoperable and reliable fashion.
The 911 system mainly provides a voice-centric communications platform between the public and 911 operators. Further, the federal government should disseminate information about IPAWS development and deployment.
Next-generation alerting should include delivery of emergency alerts throughout the nation via broadband.
Such an inquiry can bridge the gap from the current EAS and CMAS systems to a comprehensive next-generation alerting system by detailing an implementation strategy.
In the event of a tornado, for example, alerts would be broadcast on local media outlets, sent to wireless and wireline phones within the affected area, posted on Internet feeds and websites sites, and issued through any other communication outlet serving the affected area. There also needs to be a comprehensive evaluation of the ability of alert managers to participate in IPAWS when launched.
This inquiry should focus on the wide-ranging technical, legal and policy issues associated with this new multi-platform system. This action should also set milestones, benchmarks and necessary actions for implementation and establish a system of accountability to the White House among the federal agencies responsible for emergency alerting. Hearing loss is the third most common medical condition in our adult population, following only high blood pressure and arthritis.
With this type of hearing loss the hair cells in the inner ear (Cochlea) have become damaged or less effective. If you recognize any of the following symptoms of hearing loss, please contact one of our offices or your personal physician to have your hearing professionally evaluated. Broadband can also provide the public with new ways of calling for help and receiving emergency information. Similarly, federal, Tribal, state and local governments use outdated alerting systems to inform the public during emergencies. Careful planning and strong commitment could create a cutting-edge public safety communications system to allow first responders anywhere in the nation to communicate with each other, sending and receiving critical voice, video and data to save lives, reduce injuries and prevent acts of crime and terror. The country needs a nationwide interoperable public safety broadband wireless network ("public safety broadband network") that allows first responders to communicate with one another.
To ensure the necessary resiliency, capacity and redundancy, the public safety community should be able to roam and obtain priority access on other commercial broadband networks.
A "smart band-aid" attached to an accident victim's chest or wrist can detect vital signs and wirelessly transmit this information to Dr.
In addition, once the new network is able to support "mission critical" voice communications, the FCC should evaluate the spectrum requirements necessary to ensure adequate capacity for that use, as well as for existing networks. Unlike the previous approach that focused solely on the D block, an incentive-based partnership model that addresses not just the D block, but commercial wireless spectrum more broadly, will provide enhanced flexibility and the benefits of economies of scale. The public safety community should have this ability both in areas where public safety broadband wireless networks are unavailable and where there is currently an operating public safety network but more capacity is required to respond effectively to an emergency. First, the FCC should require the D block and the public safety broadband licensee(s) each to operate their networks using the same air interface technology standard.
Commercial devices should allow the public safety community access to better and less expensive options for use in the public safety spectrum, and will facilitate access to spectrum blocks where the D block licensee and the public safety licensee enter into a shared network partnership. ERIC and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) should work with the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide rate schedules that public safety entities can use to access commercial nationwide broadband networks and to obtain equipment for their networks. To establish a common vision, ERIC must exist before any licensees begin construction of such a network. The funds will also ensure adequate staffing to address the three core functions of ERIC: network engineering, network technical operations and network governance. Creating a neutral host facility will allow all stakeholders to work together to develop a nationwide seamless public safety wireless broadband network and ensure that commercial broadband standards can meet public safety's specific requirements. Second, since emergency responders will be able to roam on commercial networks, capacity and resiliency will improve (at a reasonable cost). Congress should consider creating such a funding mechanism in FY2011, but in any event, no later that by FY2012. Receipts would fund the grant-making agency's program for public safety broadband operations and evolution.


Deployment of a new wireless broadband public safety network will require a redesign of Project Roll Call and the procurement of new equipment to operate over the new spectrum. Documentation of deployment and use of broadband by the state, Tribal and local public safety community, including the status of interoperability, will help in evaluating programs that support this technology. Satellites can serve as a communications option and a critical source of redundancy, particularly when terrestrial infrastructure is unavailable. Government Accountability Office (GAO) should issue a report on the current and future capabilityof satellite broadband to provide necessary service during an emergency. Hospitals, for example, provide public health information, while broadcasters distribute important information and warn the public of impending dangers. Additional safeguards may be necessary to protect our nation's commercial communications infrastructure from cyberattack. The FCC should initiate a proceeding to extend FCC Part 4 outage reporting rules to broadband Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and interconnected VoIP providers. A 2008 Data Breach Investigations Report concluded that in 87% percent of the cases cyber breaches could have been avoided if reasonable security controls had been in place.32 The FCC should explore how to encourage voluntary efforts to improve cybersecurity. A voluntary cybersecurity certification program could promote more vigilant network security among market participants, increase the security of the nation's communications infrastructure and offer end users more complete information about their providers' cybersecurity practices. CIRS will be an invaluable tool for monitoring cybersecurity and providing decisive responses to cyberattacks. The FCC should act as a trusted facilitator to ensure any sharing is reciprocated and that the system is structured soISP proprietary information remains confidential. This should include outreach to foreign communications regulators and international organizations about elements of the National Broadband Plan (see Chapter 4 which discusses international outreach). For example, a surge in residential broadband network use during a pandemic or other disaster could hinder network performance for critical users and applications by hindering the flow of time-sensitive medical and public health information over public networks This proceeding will give the FCC insight into pandemic preparedness in commercial broadband networks.
While technical work is under way to allow the creation of such a system, no corresponding set of FCC rules exists to support it. The potential decline in service reliability is a concern for critical sectors, such as energy and public safety, and for consumers in general.
Users will be able to transmit voice, text or images to PSAPs from a variety of broadband-capable devices.
Inconsistent, overlapping and outdated state and federal regulations also have slowed NG911 development. Though DOT estimated in mid-2008 that the total cost of implementing and operating a nationwide NG911 system over the next 20 years would be $82 to $87 billion,41 the country requires a more detailed and targeted report to help Congress develop a grant program.
Without such a comprehensive framework and a funding mechanism, it is unlikely all Americans will receive the benefits of NG911 in the near term.
This legislation should be coordinated with the NHTSA report to ensure federal regulation of NG911 is consistent. However, the deployment of different types of communications, devices, applications and services has meant consumers are changing their expectations about how they can access 911.
Non-voice methods of communicating with 911 would have the added benefit of promoting accessibility to 911 for non-English-speaking persons and persons with disabilities. The inquiry should consider EAS and Commercial Mobile Alert Service (CMAS) developments, as well as FEMA's development of IPAWS. That would ensure the public is informed of an emergency and has the information it needs to protect itself. The proceeding should analyze the developing IPAWS architecture to evaluate the ability of IPAWS to support a broadband-based, next generation alert system. On average, once a person determines that they have a hearing loss, they wait over seven years before seeking assistance.The impact of a hearing loss can be far reaching and involve many aspects of one's life.
As a result, broadband communications networks must be held to high standards of reliability, resiliency and security. A three-pronged approach will allow the speedy deployment, operation and continued evolution of such a network. Focusing on interoperability from the beginning should help the public safety broadband network to overcome the difficulties faced by other earlier voice efforts. Ultimately, a more flexible set of rules should allow a better balance between the needs of the public safety community and the companies that will partner to build this network.
In addition, the priority access framework should take advantage of the additional access and prioritization capabilities of 4G wireless technologies. The emerging consensus of the public safety community and carriers is that 700 MHz networks will use the Long Term Evolution (LTE) family of standards.
In addition, Congress should consider allocating DHS $1 million in FY2011, as proposed in its budget, and each year thereafter. Recognizing that Americans will obtain substantial benefits from the creation of this network, imposing a minimal public safety fee on all U.S.
Strict conditions must be established to prohibit any diversion of these funds by state and local governments, and require adherence to ERIC-developed standards. These efforts will give the federal government the capability it needs to rapidly restore public safety broadband communications in a disaster or emergency.
Satellite services may be even more important as a method of communication in the first few hours or days of a disaster, should terrestrial-based services be damaged or destroyed, providing unique value for public safety purposes. The inability to maintain or restore broadband service may prevent hospitals and public health officials from sharing time-sensitive information.
Such safeguards could promote confidence in the safety and reliability of broadband communications and spur adoption.
The FCC should also continue to review other nations' and organizations' cybersecurity activities so it is better aware of those activities as they relate to U.S. This will allow the FCC to assess the ability of next-generation public safety communications systems to withstand direct attacks and to determine if any actions should be taken in this regard. The FCC should begin an inquiry proceeding to gain a better understanding of the reliability and resiliency standards being applied to broadband networks. The possibility of sending video and photographs to the PSAP will transcend language barriers and provide eyewitness-quality information to give first responders the most relevant information at the scene of an emergency. Department of Transportation (DOT) has published a transition plan for NG911 migration.38 Several states and localities have begun deploying NG911. A NHTSA analysis should determine detailed costs for specific NG911 requirements and specifications, and specify how costs would be broken out geographically or allocated among PSAPs, broadband service providers and third-party providers of NG911 services.
Many consumers, for example, already have come to expect they may send non-voice communications, such as short text messages and multimedia messages, to PSAPs.
Thus, the FCC should initiate an additional proceeding to address how NG911 can accommodate communications technologies, networks and architectures beyond traditional voice-centric devices.
It also should consider all potential multi-platform technologies, including the use of emergency alerts via video programming on the Internet. Emergency alerts in Internet video format would allow emergency alert originators to reach people who are not, at the time, listening to broadcast radio and television or other current sources of alerts.
Hearing impaired individuals may have difficulty localizing sounds, understanding speech in busy environments, and participating in everyday normal conversations.
Unlike today's circuit-switched cellular networks, 4G wireless networks can give public safety data immediate priority without waiting for commercial capacity to be freed up. The FCC should consider designating this standard.8 A consistent air interface creates a greater likelihood of interoperability between the public safety and commercial D block networks. The funding will help DHS to coordinate ERIC with OEC and relevant other DHS entities, and enhance OEC outreach to Tribal, state and local agencies. Fourth, equipment can be retrieved from caches and used during a disaster when infrastructure is destroyed or insufficient or unavailable.A  Grants to support the public safety broadband network should be distributed by a single agency to streamline operations, reduce costs and ensure that grants are made in a consistent manner.
The grant-making agency should be authorized to determine how to best allocate these funds to ensure an appropriate balance among urban, suburban and rural users and to require grant recipients to account for the funds they receive. The Executive Branch should consider clarifying a structure for agency implementation and delineating responsibilities and key milestones; the order should be consistent with national policiesalready in existing presidential documents.
The proceeding should examine the standards and practices applied to broadband infrastructure at all layers, from applications to facilities. NG911 will provide a more interoperable and integrated emergency response capability for PSAPs, first responders, hospitals and other emergency response professionals. The NHTSA report should also address the current state of NG911 readiness among PSAPs and how differences in PSAP access to broadband across the country may affect costs. The report also should include an analysis of the needs of persons with disabilities and should identify standards and protocols for NG911 and for incorporating VoIP and "Real Time Text" standards43 The report should be a resource for Congress as it considers creating a coordinated, long-term funding mechanism for NG911 deployment and operation, accessibility, application development, equipment procurement and training. It should also explore how public expectations may evolve in terms of the communications platforms the public would rely upon to request emergency services. The inquiry should determine how best to ensure all Americans can receive timely and accurate alerts, warnings and critical information about emergencies and other emergencies regardless of the communications technologies used. Providing alternative methods for distributing emergency alerts to all Americans will save lives. This can lead to social isolation, confusion, frustration, tension, anger, stress and depression.
And he can use his phone to access patient medical records and disseminate emergency messages and alerts. Partners could include critical infrastructure users such as utilities connecting to the Smart Grid.7 However, any revenues received by a public safety entity for such use must be used to build or improve the public safety broadband network.
Commercial operators should receive reasonable compensation for public safety priority access and roaming capabilities on their networks. It will facilitate roaming between networks to improve coverage and access for public safety and commercial customers.
And it should distribute the funds in a way that also enables the evolution of the network.
And it should continue to participate in domestic initiatives that relate to cybersecurity activities in the international arena. Its objective should be to determine what action, if any, the FCC should take to bolster reliability of broadband infrastructure. This analysis is essential to identifyfunding requirements for the implementation of NG911. The national strategy for NG911 deployment should be designed to meet future consumer expectations.
However, the systems that assemble, manage and transmit alerts will need to be upgraded to accommodate broadband. Recent studies also indicate that untreated hearing loss negatively affects one's overall health, quality of life and happiness.Causes of Adult Hearing Loss. In addition, a consistent air interface will encourage a larger number of potential users and allow public safety entities to benefit from commercial economies of scale that otherwise would not exist. The timely and disciplined reporting of network outages will help protect broadband communications networks from cyberattacks, by improving the FCC's understanding of the causes and how to recover. Katz to integrate aspects of medical care, improving his ability to offer assistance during a disaster or other emergency. Before the D block is auctioned, it must be clear that any D block licensee(s) will be required to provide roaming and WPS-like priority access with reasonable compensation.



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