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Distribution and habitat: Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen flowering plant originated in Asia. Description: Gardenia jasminoides are low-growing bushy shrubs mainly prized for their fragrant flowers which give out a heady perfume.
The 10cm (4 inch) long leaves of Gardenia jasminoides are shinny, dark green, leathery, lance-shaped and usually arranged in opposite pairs, though sometimes in whorls of three or more. Houseplant care: Gardenia jasminoides are not difficult plants to grow, although they require particular attention in order to flower.
Natural gas fumes will harm the plant, so growing gardenias near a gas stove or fireplace is not a good idea.
Established plants may be moved outdoors in a shady, sheltered location for the summer months. Such reduced winter watering is desirable even with the plants that are forced into winter flowering. Feeding: Apply an acid fertiliser every two weeks, but only during the growing season, to these lime heating Gardenia jasminoides plants. Potting and repotting: Most growers use a lime free potting mixture even though Gardenia jasminoides can tolerate a little alkalinity. Repot Gardenia jasminoides only when their roots have nearly filled the pot (as indicated by their appearance at the surface or outside the bottom drainage holes). Gardening: Gardenia jasminoides can be grown in beds in areas within its hardiness zones, but growing them in containers allow the plants to be moved to more suitable seasonal sites and makes it easier to control pests. The fragrance of Gardenia jasminoides plants is strong, so it is best planted in a place where its smell can spread easily.
Soil: The preferred soil for Gardenia jasminoides should be rich, acidic, moisture-retentive and well drained. Fertilise: Gardenia jasminoides requires fertilisation twice in a year to maintain dark green leaves.
Propagation: Gardenia jasminoides can be propagated from 8cm (3 inch) long tip cuttings taken in early spring. Yellowing leaves are the result of careless watering or due to deficiency of one or more micro nutrients (usually iron). Treatment: Treat the plant with a suitable insecticide, but it should be used while the flowers are still in bud, because it can burn the petals. Mealybugs suck plant juices, and heavy infestations will coat the leaves with sticky honeydew. In sandy soil, nematodes feed on the roots and can cause Gardenia jasminoides to be stunted or even die. Root rots caused by various fungi also can be a problem, especially in poorly drained soils.
Treatment: Methods of treatment this disease include preventive or curative fungicides usage, weed control and providing good soil drainage. Sooty mold causes black, thin layers of the fungus to form over the upper surface of the leaves.
Buy Gardenia jasminoides plants that are loaded with well-formed buds and, perhaps, one or two open blooms. Check flower buds, stems and leaves for signs of wilt, browning or yellowing foliage, mold and rot. Companion plants: Combine Gardenia jasminoides fragrant beauty with other woodland shrubs and perennials like Astrantia major (Masterwort), Heuchera (Coral Bells), Camellia and Evergreen Azalea species. Uses and display: With its low, dense growth, Gardenia jasminoides is a favorite for limited space.
With their glossy, dark green foliage, gardenia plants make a great foundation in a landscape. Gardenia jasminoides is also a popular cut flower for the florist for use in corsages and in Hawaii leis. The success of Gardenia care is enjoyed when its beautiful waxy white flower, fills the air with its intoxicating, unmistakable fragrance. Those who love the Gardenia and live in mild climates such as the southern part of California and warm southeastern states are fortunate indeed!
With little trouble they can grow gardenias outdoors as hedges, as a specimen gardenia tree or as tub plants in the garden.
The soil mixture is important for growing gardenia plants: avoid heavy, alkaline clay with poor drainage, and coarse, sandy soils. The best mixtures are equal parts of a fibrous loam, peatmoss and well decayed manure, or one part each of loam, leafmold and well decayed manure. Where the soil is composed of heavy clay, dig a larger hole and use some coarse sand along with the above mixture.
Bear in mind, too, that gardenias like plenty of root space and do best planted far apart and away from large shrubs.
Since they are surface rooting a€“ annuals, perennials or ground covers should not be planted around them.
Give gardenias a location sheltered from wind but never plant them against, or close to stucco walls or fences where there is any chance of the stucco finishing being washed down by rain or the hose. The ideal location would be at the south side of a house, preferably where there is light shade in midsummer between the hours of 11 A.M.

A gardenia bush will benefit by syringing once or twice a day, except when they are in full bloom. Since gardenia plants are native to tropical China where the atmosphere is warm and moist and the soil naturally acid, we should try to duplicate these conditions in growing them.
If you plant gardenias in a tub or box, use a large container as gardenias do not like their roots crowded. With the plants in containers you have an added advantage that they can be brought into a warm and sheltered place during severe winter weather.
Gardenias can be planted out in the garden from the containers at any time, but the best time is in spring and early summer.
Where azaleas and rhododendrons grow naturally, the soil will be acid enough for gardenias. In many parts of the eastern United States the soil is perfectly suitable, but where this condition does not exist, or where the water is alkaline, corrective measures must be taken.
Where the soil needs more acidity, 1 ounce of iron sulphate to a gallon of water should be poured around the plant when necessary.
A careful check of the soil acidity with a soil test should be made before using aluminum or iron sulphates as there is always the danger of burning the roots.
This shows up in a browning of the leaves, beginning at the tips, and the eventual loss of foliage.
There are only a few soils in the United States so deficient in calcium that gardenias will not grow well. Gypsum added to the soil will rectify this condition, but first consult your county agricultural agent for the amount needed and how to apply it. To produce an abundance of flowers, the plants will need a liberal feeding of nitrogen and a moderate amount of potash and phosphorus; the latter two will be found sufficient in most soils. Gardenias are nitrogen and iron-hungry plants and calcium ties these elements up, making them insoluble and causing the leaves to become chlorotic. A chemical combination that has proven successful is a level tablespoonful each of ammonium phosphate and potassium sulphate to a gallon of water to make a foliar feed. Or, you may alternate by using ammonium sulphate at the rate of one level tablespoonful to one gallon of water.
Do not feed in winter and do not use sodium nitrate on gardenias as it has an alkalizing effect. Once you have your plants growing, they may be increased by taking tip cuttings about 3 to 5 inches long from fairly mature wood during the Winter months.
Gardenia jasminoides, also known as Gardenia Florida, grows up to 5 feet and has double flowers.
On its own the gardenia plant is beautiful, add in the flowers with their intoxicating, fragrance, its nature at its finest. It is most commonly found growing wild in Vietnam, Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar and India distributed in broad-leaved forests at low to medium elevations.
The flowers, which may be fully double (with many petals or semi-double with only two layers of slightly arching petals), are 5-10cm (2-4 inch) across and appear, usually singly, from leaf axils near the ends of the shoots.
Each flower may last only five to seven days, but the bloom can last for many months with proper care. Nip out the growing points of any long new shoot on young plants and cut out about half or even two-thirds of the old wood of the mature plants.
When plants are not forming flower buds, the range can be that of fairly normal room, between 15-24°C (60-75°F).
To achieve this, stand the pots on trays of moist pebbles or peat moss and spray plants at least once a day with fine mist-spray, using water at room temperature.
They grow less actively, though, during the winter in areas where the winter months bring on considerable reduction of light. In areas with less winter reduction of light, watering can remain unchanged throughout the year.
These plants flower best when they are kept in pots that are just a little too small for vigorous stem growth. It can be planted near a wall, deck or patio; so that its fragrance is carried easily throughout the landscape. However, supply the plant adequate water on a regular basis, taking care not to over water it. Dip these in hormone rooting powder and plant them in small pots of moistened peat-based potting mixture suitable for lime hating plants.
This variety can be brought into flower in early winter by dis-budding (having their flower buds picked off at an early stage) throughout summer and early autumn. Micro nutrients deficiency can often be corrected by acidifying the soil with aluminum sulfate, iron sulfate or wettable sulfur.
They cause browning the margins of the flower petal, distortion of flowers or failure of buds to open.
They appear as white cottony masses found in the leaf axils, underside of leaves and other protected areas.
Remove with an alcohol­ saturated cotton swab or wash plants with soapy water and a soft brush or cloth or pick off with tweezers or a toothpick.
Graft onto nematode-resistant rootstock such as Gardenia thunbergia can be an option where these pests are a problem.

Sooty mold is caused by a group of related fungi that grow upon sugary exudate or honeydew secreted by sucking insects such as aphids, scales, mealybugs and whiteflies.
Create a tropical container planting for your patio or deck with Mandevilla, Colocasia (Elephant Ears), Agapanthus and Fuchsia species. Best planted close to outdoor living spaces in heavy ceramic pots or raised planters to enjoy the lovely fragrance. It is effectively used as either focus or background in informal plantings and for tropical-theme landscape plantings. It happens when the beautiful waxy white flower of the Gardenia plant fills the air with its intoxicating, unmistakable fragrance.
Depending on climate and variety, flowers may be had in May but the bulk of bloom will be in July and August with a few stragglers in December. In loam or sandy soil, dig a hole about a foot deep and 2 feet wide and fill with the soil mixture. Some growers also feel that in a heavy clay we should dig a hole about 3 feet deep and fill the bottom foot with broken rock or gravel to give additional drainage. Where humidity is low a mulch is often helpful; where humidity is high a mulch may keep the roots too cool. If you go the potted or tubbed route consider a gardenia treea€¦ it is a real sweet fragrant show piece! Gardenia jasminoides (Gardenia grandiflora), or its near variety, Mystery, is a plant ordinarily up to 3 feet in size and is very popular for outside planting. Gardenia veitchii is a dwarf, small winter-flowering variety of Gardenia jasminoides which can be grown outside; the flowers are double. With its shiny green leaves and heavily fragrant white summer flowers, it is widely used in gardens in warm temperate and subtropical climates and as a houseplant in temperate regions. But try not to wet the flowers if the plants are in bloom, because water on the petals causes discolouration.
In such places water these plants  moderately during the summer, giving enough at each watering to make the potting mixture moist throughout and allowing the top centimetre or so of the potting mixture to dry out before watering again. If a propetary peat-based potting mixture is used, make sure it is suitable for lime hating plants, since some are not.
Ideally, any repotting should only be done when the plants are beginning to grow in the spring and the root ball should be disturbed as little as possible.
Consider to place a 5 to 8cm (2-3 inch) layer of organic mulch to keep the weeds from growing as it helps the soil to maintain moisture.
Place the potted cuttings in a heated propagating case or alternatively, enclose them in a plastic bags and keep them at a temperature of 15-18°C (59-64°F) in bright light which is filtered through something like a translucent blind or curtain. Incorporate wood shavings or organic matter in the soil mass to depress nematode population.
Although care needs to be taken in placing this plant in the landscape because its fragrance can be too intense for some people. Gardenia jasminoides can also be an accent plant around seating areas or near win­dows to take advantage of their extremely fragrant white flowers. When the soil is below 50A° for any period of time the leaves become smaller and turn yellow (chlorotic).
As a potted plants rarely exceeds 45cm (18 inch) in height or spread, even through it is capable of growing up to 2m (7 feet) in climates where it can be grown outside in the garden. During the winter months allow the top few centimetre or so of the potting mixture to dry out completely before watering again. Because there is relatively little nutritional value in leaf mould and none in peat moss, it is especially important to give a regular feeding as recommended if this mixture is used.
Although, keep away from big bushy shrubs which can overwhelm this smaller Gardenia jasminoides. Irri­gating with drip systems keeps water off the foliage and flowers, which helps prevent leaf and petal spots. They do well in containers (22-30cm (9-12 inch) tubs) and are suitable as well for hedges, low screens, mass plantings and groundcovers. Flowers that will be used for lei making can be stored in a refrig­erator at 4°C (40°F) for up to 1 day and 3 days for buds. The cuts should be made immediately above the points where growth-producing duds point outward rather than toward the centre of the plant. It is also possible to use a soil based potting mixture as long as it is non-alkaline.  The feeding regime is less essential with soil based potting mixture than with soil-less ones.
In late summer move the rooted cuttings into pots a size larger, containing the potting mixture recommended for mature plants. Plant it near a deck, walkway or patio where the fragrance can be enjoyed throughout the whole gar­den or landscape.
Spray with water to clean the flowers or buds and place them on a wet paper towel in a bowl before refrigerating. To help main­tain adequate soil moisture, use mulch and avoid culti­vation around the base of the plant.

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Author: admin | 08.11.2015 | Category: Building A Shed Floor

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