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To understand ourselves it is important to understand our ancestors, and a part of them, and their heritage, lives on in us today. To the world the American Indians seemed like a forgotten people when the English colonists first arrived and began to occupy their lands. I want to give special thanks to my cousin, Mary Hilliard, for her assistance and encouragement in researching and preparing this book. Wherever possible I have tried to find at least two sources for the genealogical data, but this has not always been possible. I have also found Franklin Elewatum Bearce's history, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, A True Narrative of Our White and Indian Ancestors, to be very helpful. It is certainly possible that such a record may contain errors, but it is also very fortunate that we have access to this record as it presents firsthand knowledge of some of the individuals discussed in this book.
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Sometime before the colonial period, the Iroquoian tribes began moving from the southern plains eastward across the Mississippi River and then northeasterly between the Appalachians and the Ohio River Valley, into the Great Lakes region, then through New York and down the St. Though they were neighbors and had similar skin color, these two groups of Indians were as dissimilar as the French and the Germans in Europe.
Federations, as well as the individual tribes, were fluid organizations to the extent that the sachem was supported as long as he had the strength to maintain his position. Belonging to a federation meant that an annual tribute had to be sent to support the great sachem and his household, warriors had to be sent if he called for a given number to go to war, and strictest obedience and fidelity was demanded.
Some of these federations had as many as thirty member tribes supporting their Great Sachem, although many of these tribes would be counted by more than one sachem, as any tribe that was forced to pay tribute was considered as part of that Great Sachem's federation. Any member of the society who dishonored himself, in anyway, was no longer worthy of the respect of his people. When viewing the typical Indians of America, one would describe them as having a dark brown skin. They wore relatively little clothing, especially in summer, although the women were usually somewhat more modest than the men. The English resented the fact that the Indians wouldn't convert to Christianity as soon as the missionaries came among them. The various tribes of New England spoke basically the same language and could understand each other well. There are many words used commonly in our language today that were learned from these New England Indians: Squaw, wigwam, wampum, pow-wow, moccasin, papoose, etc. Today there is little doubt that prior to Columbus's voyage, the Norsemen sailed to the coast of North America early in the eleventh century. We do not have a record of all of the European contact and influence on the Indians in the early years of exploration because the greatest exposure came from the early European fishermen and trappers who kept no records of their adventures, as opposed to the explorers.
In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazano wrote the first known description of a continuous voyage up the eastern coast of North America. As the fur trade became increasingly more important to Europeans, they relied heavily on the Indians to do the trapping for them. Another problem with which the Indians had to contend was the White man's diseases for which they had no tolerance nor immunity.
In the spring of 1606, Gorges sent Assacumet and Manida, as guides on a ship with Captain Henry Chalons, to New England to search for a site for a settlement.
In 1614, Captain John Smith, who had already been involved in the colony at James Town, Virginia, was again commissioned to take two ships to New England in search of gold, whales or anything else of value. Dermer wanted to trade with the local Indians of the Wampanoag Federation and asked Squanto if he would guide them and be their interpreter. Derner was given safe passage through Wampanoag land by Massasoit and soon returned to his ship. When the Pilgrims left England in the Mayflower, their stated intent was to establish a settlement on the mouth of the Hudson River, at the site of present day New York City. The Pilgrims returned to the Mayflower and, after many days of exploration, found a more suitable location. On March 16, 1621 the Pilgrims were surprised by a tall Indian who walked boldly into the plantation crying out, "Welcome! The Pilgrims gestured for Massasoit to join them in their fort but, he in turn, gestured for them to come to him.
When the amenities were ended, the English brought out a treaty they had prepared in advance, which specified that the Wampanoags would be allies to the English in the event of war with any other peoples and that they would not harm one-another; and that when any Indians came to visit the plantation they would leave their weapons behind. After the ceremonies were ended, Governor Carver escorted Massasoit to the edge of the settlement and waited there for the safe return of Winslow.
Part of Massasoit's willingness to make an alliance with the English must be credited to his weakened condition after suffering from the recent epidemics which left his followers at about half of the strength of his enemies, the Narragansetts. In June of 1621, about three months after the signing of the treaty, a young boy from the Colony was lost in the woods.
When the English could not find the boy, Governor William Bradford, (who replaced John Carver, who died in April) sent to Massasoit for help in locating the boy. That summer Governor Bradford sent Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, with Squanto, to Pokanoket (Massasoit's own tribe, on the peninsula where Bristol, R.I. From this trip of Winslow's, we learn more about the daily life of the Indians in this area. Massasoit urged his guests to stay longer but they insisted they must return to Plymouth before the Sabbath.
Less than a month following this visit, Massasoit sent Hobomock, a high ranking member of the Wampanoag Council, to Plymouth to act as his ambassador and to aid the Pilgrims in whatever way they needed.


Hobomock and Squanto were surprised at what they heard, and quietly withdrew from the camp to Squanto's wigwam but were captured there before they could get to Plymouth. Although the Narragansetts and Wampanoags were historical enemies and continually feuding over land, they did not usually put hostages of high rank to death.
Normally, treason was punishable by death and Massasoit would certainly have been justified in executing Corbitant for his part in the plot against him but, for some reason, Massasoit complete forgave him.
Their first harvest was not a large one but the Pilgrims were.happy to have anything at all.
During the winter, a rivalry developed between Squanto and Hobomock, the two Indians who now lived continually at Plymouth. According to the treaty he had signed with Plymouth, they were to turn over to him any Indians guilty of offense.
In June and July, three ships arrived at Plymouth with occupants who expected to be taken in and cared for. In the winter of 1622-23, Governor William Bradford made trips to the various Indian tribes around Cape Cod to buy food to keep the Pilgrims from starvation. Next, Standish went to Cummaquid (Barnstable, MA.) where Iyanough was Sachem of the Mattachee Tribe. Thinking that Massasoit was dead, they went instead to Pocasset, where they sought Corbitant who, they were sure, would succeed Massasoit as the next Great Sachem. Winslow describes their arrival, where the Indians had gathered so closely that it took some effort to get through the crowd to the Great Sachem. Since the Pow-wow's medicine had not produced any results, Winslow asked permission to try to help the ailing Sachem. Their second Thanksgiving was combined with the wedding celebration of Governor Bradford and Alice Southworth. Because of Massasoit's honored position, more was recorded of him than of other Indians of his time. Massasoit most likely became Sachem of the Pokanokets, and Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, between 1605-1615. The second son of Massasoit was Pometacomet, (alias Pometacom, Metacom, Metacomet, Metacomo or Philip.) Philip was born in 1640, at least 16 years younger than Alexander. The third son, Sunconewhew, was sent by his Father to learn the white man's ways and to attend school at Harvard. When his two oldest sons were old enough to marry, Massasoit made the arrangements for them to marry the two daughters of the highly regarded Corbitant, Sachem of the Pocasset tribe.
The tribes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, as well as some of the Nipmuck tribes of central Massachusetts, looked to him for Military defense and leadership.
Following the plagues of 1617, which reduced his nation so drastically and left his greatest enemy, the Narragansetts of Rhode Island, so unaffected, Massasoit was in a weakened position.
In 1632, following a battle with the Narragansetts in which he regained the Island of Aquidneck, Massasoit changed his name to Ousamequin (Yellow feather) sometimes spelled Wassamegon, Oosamequen, Ussamequen. In 1637, the English waged an unprovoked war of extermination against the Pequot Federation of Connecticut, which shocked both the Wampanoags and the Narragansetts so much that both Nations wanted to avoid hostilities with the feared English. After hearing of the death of his good friend, Edward Winslow in 1655, Massasoit realized that his generation was passing away. As Massasoit's health began to decline, he turned more and more of the responsibilities over to Alexander who was a very capable leader and who was already leading the warriors on expedition against some of their enemies. Massasoit was succeeded, as Great Sachem, by his son Alexander, assisted by his brother, Philip.
The younger generation saw, in Alexander, a strong, new leader who could see the danger of catering to the English. Both Philip and Weetamoo were very vocal in their condemnation of the English and word of their accusations soon reached Plymouth. Together, Philip and Canonchet reasoned that it would take a great deal of preparation for such a war. Here we received our pay for our clothes, $42, and fitted out for Santa Fe with mules, cattle and wagons. In the course of the day, we prepared to take our departure from this place and dried our clothes as they had been washed here and guard the corn at night.
I come to and Brother Wolsey told me that he had a dream at the same time that I was in the Spirit and I told him to prophesy and he obeyed and woke up. I then called for the musicians and beat the a€?Reveillea€™ and then I heard that there was a letter for the Battalion from the Twelve.
On the 29th day, when this man Smith come on from the fort after the death of Allen, who was a good man and an officer who loved to see our people enjoy themselves, and had taken much pains to provide all things as comfortable as possible for the Mormon Battalion.
The land that we passed over today is poor and hardly fit for nothing, save it is a harbor for wolves and wild animals.
I began to feel sorrowful for the Battalion to hear some swear and some was sick and then see the men flock around the black wagon.
This day we ascended the river bluffs and marched until we made 13 miles and camped on the Arkansas River. After the a€?Tattooa€™ was beat, Brother Brown, our Orderly, said, a€?Look her and see this star.a€? I looked and I saw a star moving up and down, between two stars as if dancing. Accordingly, in the morning I looked towards where the star was and to my joy, I saw James Pace, John D. I turned my self around and beheld the hills I had passed by, all west of the a€?Rabbit Earsa€™, which were the first of the cloud appearing mountains we saw. We descended this mountain on the west side and come around at the root until we came to our brethren on the south end.


Continued our march after hearing the declaration of the Colonel, a€?Which Ia€™ll be damned if you shana€™t all be shot.a€? Because we had stopped to get some water, I suppose. As we ascended this hill here, I see on my right hand numerous peaks at the distance of about 12 to 30 miles. Here we was met by a Spaniard with a keg of whiskey, which he sold at the enormous price of fifty cents a pint.
And I went up to the top of a mountain on our left and had though to walk upon a rock that was on the summit and view the surrounding country. We continued our march and about 10 oa€™clock at night, we made over these vast hills of from one to five miles, ascending and would be half a mile down and some less and camped on the bottoms of the Moran Creek or river. Here on this stream is some herbs that grow east, such as beara€™s foot, pea vines and I have seen the root that is called the gravil plant in the east. On the 7, we marched at a good hour and crossed the creek and beheld to our astonishment, we beheld to our right, clouds I saw pass these mountains Snow above them while in the valley I saw all round us numerous herds of cattle and thousands of sheep together in flocks a mixture of goats. Today, at 9 oa€™clock, took the narrow pass between the hills and rested in the valley at the foot of a hill on the banks of a beautiful stream that went through the pass into the settlement of the Spaniards.
Montozuma is the name of the man that builded the ruined city, 3 hundred years was the light kept up.
With all of the advantages of the Spaniards over him, the brave Corney charged with his little band of troops through this pass to attack his antagonist, Armeho, with company far superior. Same day, Adjutant Dikes read to the Battalion the choice of Captain Cook, our in the choice of Quartermaster, which was to drop Gulley and take Smith our former. On the Sixteenth, it was sent to Donaphan, who said it was right, but thought that as soon as the camp moved on that he would be removed again, as the prejudice against him was great. We continued in our camp until the 16th, when we received orders for all that was going with Captain Brown to start on the 17th day. In the morning of that day, we found that he had called out his company, which consisted of all the weakly and those that had wives and children. 8th.A A A  Was sorry to hear that some had been drinking to excess and to see how some squandered away their money. I come to and Brother Wolsey told me that he had a dream at the same time that I was in the Spirit and I told him to prophesy and he obeyed and woke up.A  I fell asleep again and the Lord spoke again and I saw that I was made happy by the instrumentality of Brigham Young and Heber C. This creek afforded us good water and plenty of it for the teams.A  Feed not good, but better than some places that we have seen on our route. 4th day.A A A  The rest of our Battalion left the Valley of Tears, (which received its name on the account of the tears which had been shed because of the division of our little army, by the craftiness of evil designing men and few of our officers who consented to it), and marched about 6 miles and came on to a high ridge and beheld a few high tops of mountain tops in our front, lifting up their lofty peaks. We continued our march and about 10 oa€™clock at night, we made over these vast hills of from one to five miles, ascending and would be half a mile down and some less and camped on the bottoms of the Moran Creek or river.A  It being the 5th day. Its not often we hear about a second hand garden studio for sale – people love their rooms too much to part with them!
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At first I was very skeptical of this record as it was a family tradition passed down for many generations. She was very fond of her Grandmother, Freelove, knew all about her and stated on several occasions that Freelove's Mother was Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, Sachem of Choosetown, and not Tabitha Rubbards (Roberts).
Massasoit was the Sachem of this tribe, as well as being the Great Sachem over the entire Wampanoag Federation, which consisted of over 30 tribes in central and southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Welcome, Englishmen!" It was a cold and windy day, yet this Indian, who introduced himself as Samoset, Sachem of a tribe in Monhegan Island, Maine, wore only moccasins and a fringed loin skin. George Sanderson, and surely Death and Hell followed after this man gave his charge to McAntyre, our Doctor, and muckary was crammed down the Saints against their will. When to his surprise, Armeho left the ground and fled to Chewaway, 700 miles south and Corney took possession of Santa Fe and raised the American colors, which now is waving in Santa Fe. Cragged rocks all up and down the streams.A  The banks was all rocks, save the streams on the east of us. The bottoms joining this valley on the east is about six miles wide of the best land, but timber scarce. But, we have just heard about a 2 month old Booths Garden Studio thats available at a great price.
She obtained her copy of Zerviah Newcomb's Chronical from Zerviah's original diary, in the hands of Josiah 3rd himself. Bearce's Great-aunt, Mary Caroline, lived with Josiah III and Freelove Canfield Bearce for several years, listened to their ancestral stories, and made her own personal copy of Zerviah's diary supplement. Lawrence to what is now known as Lake Champlain where his party killed several Mohawks in a show of European strength and musketry. Anna's words to me "I got the calls from your girls, and Claire was crying."    Is that correct?  And who, other than Anna, discussed said "Missing" situation with her?  And what was Claire's reaction when the LAPD Officer "found" me? He further told them that Massasoit, the Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, was at Nemasket (a distance of about 15 miles) with many of his Counselors. During this call the online password was reset, he submitted a Removal of Non-maketable Security Form ,and placed an order to sell Ultra Short S&P 500 ProShares (SDS).



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Author: admin | 11.10.2013 | Category: Small Storage Buildings


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