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We can provide a range of consulting services for your business, including economic modelling and cashflow analysis. The value added economic impact model is based on the principal of tracking expenditures through the economy and applying reasonable coefficients to determine direct, indirect and induced impacts on employment, incomes, gross domestic product, and taxation. The working basis underlying the SCI model is that the economic impacts that flow throughout the economy emanate from the project’s construction and operations expenditures.  These impacts are magnified as labour and business incomes associated with the expenditure activities are re-spent throughout the economy. Core cost components that drive the economic impact analysis are costs associated with labour, materials, services and equipment.  The decomposition of expenditures into these and other cost types allows for a more precise calculation of employment and incomes generated by the capital and operating phases of each of the project components being analyzed. Next, indirect impacts are estimated by applying supply or capture rates for materials, services and equipment.  The expected proportions of each expenditure component to be purchased by jurisdiction are estimated in consultation with the project proponent and engineering firm. Following this is the calculation of induced economic impacts that result from construction and operations. One of the most important concepts to appreciate in assessing the economic impacts of any project is the leakage from the local economy because leakages determine the size of the income multiplier that can be expected for a given level of expenditure. SCI typically runs an Input-Output (IO) profile in support of each economic impact analysis being undertaken using data reflecting the specific industry in Canada.


In the value added economic model, a person year of employment is defined as 2,000 hours per annum, worked by one or more individuals within the calendar year considered. The proportion of indirect income allocated to corporate profits are derived as the average proportion of corporate income profits as a share of GDP, which is derived from the most recent Provincial Economic Accounts data for Canada and the provinces. The economic impact parameters used in the model are derived from data obtained from a number of sources including Statistics Canada, the Canada Revenue Agency, various provincial government departments and agencies and from economic impact assessments completed on other resource projects.  The primary sources of information used in the economic impact analysis are construction phase expenditure profiles and the ongoing operating costs that are generally prepared by proponent and provided to SCI for the purpose of estimating economic impacts. From these types of expenditure decompositions, the direct employment and income impacts are calculated by applying an estimate of labour cost per person year of employment to the direct expenditures allocated to labour. Within each jurisdiction, SCI weights these capture rates by value-added parameters to more accurately reflect the import content of each component. These are determined by applying an appropriate income multiplier to the direct and indirect incomes generated by jurisdiction.  The value of output produced or GDP and income effects are reported for all jurisdictions’s being analyzed as well as Canada as a whole.
Induced HST revenues were calculated by applying the statutory rates to induced GDP in each jurisdiction. Leakages are the different ways by which money spent in the area can be withdrawn from the local economy, rather than be re-spent.


The input-output analysis is run to determine reasonable ranges of the leakages that result for the various types of expenditures.
By way of illustration, indirect income impacts are calculated as the product of the direct expenditure impacts, the assumed capture rate and the estimated valued added factors. The coefficients generated through this work, along with the study team’s experience with similar resource projects and from discussions with project developers get reflected in the value added capture rates used in SCI’s reports.
From this income, employment estimates are obtained by dividing indirect income by an average representative income associated with indirect employment.



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