Meniscus of the knee,free watch movies rio 2,professional presentation skills university - Downloads 2016

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Meniscal tears, also called cartilage tears, occur when the “shock absorber” or the cartilage between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone) is injured.
How your orthopaedic surgeon treats your tear will depend on the type of tear you have, its size, and location. Each knee joint has two crescent shaped cartilage menisci which cushion and support the knee. Symptoms of a lateral meniscus tear include tenderness and pain around the outside surface of the knee, particularly along the joint line. The lateral meniscus is less prone to injury than the medial meniscus because it doesn't attach to the lateral ligament like the medial cartilage meniscus attaches to the medial ligament.
A cartilage meniscus tear can occur happen in different ways and result in different types of injury.
Treatment for a lateral meniscus tear would initially be conservative meaning the athlete would try the easy simple things first including rest. If there is swelling RICE principles should be applied (rest, ice, compression and elevation). In the event of more severe meniscal tears such as a bucket handle tear, arthroscopic surgical procedures may be necessary to repair the lesion.
Following surgery a rehabilitive exercise program will be outlined for the patient which may include strenghtening and balance training. The shape of a meniscus tear is also important in determining whether it can heal on its own, be treated surgically, or cannot be fixed.
Longitudinal meniscus tear, also called a circumferential tear, runs along the length of the meniscus but does not go all the way through it. Radial split meniscus tear begins along the inner edge of the meniscus and runs part or all the way through it.
Horizontal meniscus tear, also known as a cleavage tear, begins as a horizontal split deep in the meniscus which then slices the meniscus into a top and bottom section.

The material provided on this web site is for educational purposes only, and is not under any circumstances to be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Some of the symptoms are pain in moving the knees, popping sensation, inflammation and stiffness on the knee portion.
These lie on the inside (medial) and outside (lateral) edges of the top of the tibia or shin bone, also known as the tibial plateau.
A tear of the lateral meniscus can occur during twisting movements, direct impact to the knee joint, deep squats or due to degeneration of the cartilage in older athletes. Gentle exercises to maintain quadriceps muscle strength in the thigh can be done, although care should be taken not to aggravate the symptoms.
Although there are many shapes and sizes of meniscus tear, the three main shapes are longitudinal, radial, and horizontal. This type of tear is rare, but when it occurs it is usually the result of a minor injury associated with knee rotation or degeneration. Once a doctor has determined the type of tear you have, he or she can decide which treatment course to take.
When you indulge in any activity which forces the knee muscles to rotate suddenly, it can cause high pressure on the knee leading to torn meniscus.
It is very likely that every one of us experience a torn meniscus when we rotate or turn the knee aggressively. Even a small twist when getting up from a chair may be enough to cause a degenerative meniscus tear.
They act as shock absorbers for the knee as well as providing support and stability for the joint.
Once  an accurate diagnosis is made the whether to treat conservatively meaning without knee surgery or whether surgical treatment is required. A longitudinal meniscus tear that does not heal properly, however, can lead to a displaced bucket handle tear, which does go all the way through the meniscus.

When a radial split meniscus tear is small it is difficult to see, but when it grows and becomes a complete tear, it is then called a parrot’s beak tear and looks like a piece of the meniscus is missing. If not treated, a horizontal meniscus tear can develop into a horizontal flap tear, which results from a strong force that tears the meniscus from the inner rim. The knee contains 2 menisci which are ‘C’ shaped cartilage acting as a cushion between the thighbone and shinbone. A doctor or athletic trainer will do a full knee assessment including McMurrays' test to confirm the diagnosis. A bucket handle tear is an exaggerated form of a longitudical tear where a portion of the meniscus becomes detached from the tibia forming a flap that looks like a bucket handle.
The success of the surgery depends not only on the severity of the tear but also on the age and physical condition of the patient.
An oblique tear is perhaps the most common type of meniscus tear.Over time, this tear will grow larger and catch or lock more often.
SamuelsonBilateral Knee Replacement Back in Action Story, One Year Later- Operation Walk USA- Dr. Once pain has subsided, exercises to increase range of movement, balance and maintain quadriceps strength may be prescribed. Young athletes most often experience a bucket handle tear, and it occurs along with 50 percent of ACL injuries. A parrot’s beak tear is caused by trauma or forceful, repetitive stress activities and is often seen along with other injuries.

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