What to do when he pulls away in a relationship,things a man need to know about a woman,quiz websites for teachers youtube,wise voters quotes - New On 2016

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Maybe you have gone out on a few dates with a man and then suddenly he stopped returning your calls. There are times when something you did or did not do may have hurt the relationship but there are also plenty of times when a man pulls away due to his own insecurities and feelings of inadequacy.
If you are dating a man who is not ready for a serious relationship, but he starts getting signals that you want to take the relationship to the next level, this could be something that would cause him to pull away. Some men may think they are interested in pursuing a serious relationship but when things do start to get serious they get very anxious and may begin to pull away. When a relationship starts to get serious a lot of men think that they may not be able to spend time with their friends or continue doing the things they used to enjoy doing before they were in a relationship.
Many times when a man is falling in love and developing serious feelings for the woman he is with he has a difficult time understanding and dealing with his own feelings. I have convinced myself that if I were to meet Darren (or Chris) I would act my age and be the model of decorousness but as time goes by I am beginning to wonder.
DESCRIPTION: The Cotton Tiberius is the richly illuminated 11th century manuscript in the Cotton collection of the British Library and contains one of the oldest and most excellent world maps. In its presentation of the world as a whole, this map adopts a roughly square form measuring 21x17 cm, and in this one respect it recalls some of the less desirable aspects of examples of the Beatus Ashburnham derivative Book IIA, #207). The marvels promised by the inscription above the poem are represented on the map by the Cinocephales (dog-heads), the gens Griphorum (a conflation of griffins and people), Gog and Magog, the burning mountain and the mountain of gold, the last two located in remote corners of Asia. In geographical content, it does follow the medieval European convention of orientation with East at the top and somewhat centered on Jerusalem. Of purely inland geography, unconnected with the coast, there is not much in the European region of this map: the Huns, Dalmatia, Dardania, Histria, and Tracia, all circling around Pannonia. However, this is apparently the first map to add to the knowledge of Ptolemy with regards to northwestern Europe. Greece the name Macedonia seems to be written over Morea; Athens and Attica are widely separated. It is sometimes claimed that the association of Armenia with Mount Ararat and Noaha€™s Ark appeared on maps only after the First Crusade.
In the map mountains are shown green; red is used for the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, as well as the Nile and some other rivers. This is one of the few medieval maps that shows divisions of provinces and countries, indicated by straight lines, though the general T-O shape is still preserved by the dominant body of the Mediterranean, here filled with a multitude of islands, complemented by the Nilus in Africa and Tanais [Don] at the center left of the map, with its source in the green mountain.
In Asia there is much more inland geography, chiefly connected with the Twelve Tribes and Biblical history. A lost Roman province map may have been the source of the divisions so clearly marked in Asia Minor, in Central and Southeastern Europe, and in North Africa.
There are several names and features which show striking independence of any other known map authority of the earlier Middle Ages.
The comparative excellence of the Cottoniana is perhaps due to its being the production of an Irish scholar-monk living in the household of the learned and traveled Archbishop Sigeric of Canterbury (992-994), with whose Itinerary, from Rome to the English Channel, the present design has several curious resemblances. Considering the 11th century Anglo-Saxon mappamundi, the oldest such English map surviving, as a form of a virtual world more analogous to a digital environment than physical geography can reveal much about this famous mapa€™s cultural mechanics and meaning. In past discussions, the cultures of medieval worlds such as Anglo-Saxon England have been understood to lack the veneer of ideological unity that comes with later examples of more modern and overtly ratiocinated expressions of national identity. The Cotton Map certainly appears to fulfill Gellnera€™s formula: it contains, on the whole, a rather fractured and jumbled version of the known world, crossed by lines and marked by inscriptions drawn from a skein of classical, Christian, legendary and local traditions of cartography, and, on the face of it, refuses a€?a single continuous, logical spacea€™. However, the Cottoniana map also encodes a certain cultural unease with this represented and sacral order, a discomfort revealed by how the mapa€™s virtual nature allows what is edge and what is center to fluctuate over its surface, and how this fluctuation articulates an Anglo-Saxon challenge to its homelanda€™s traditional place in the geographical order of the world. In addition, Melaa€™s use of finibus for a€?landa€™ may also contain a further joke at the expense of Britaina€™s remoteness; finis commonly carries connotations of limits, ends or borders. Three hundred years later, the Roman historian Solinus repeats this sentiment, noting that for all practical purposes, the coastline of Gaul stood as the edge of the known world, while Britain represented a land beyond the periphery a€“ paene orbis alterius [a€?almost an other worlda€™]. As Nicholas Howe has recently argued, native writersa€™ positioning Brittania in the north-west demonstrates the historical influence of the Roman vantage point, but, in the shift from imperial Rome to medieval Rome, this distantiated perspective assumes Christian as well as geographical significance.
The Cotton Map makes a sure statement of the Anglo-Saxon geo-historical paradox: a major part of Anglo-Saxon identity is particularly rooted in Christian authority, whether shaped by fears of pagan conquest or a desire to prove ethnic superiority by converting others, but this ideology historically has in turn viewed England, literally, as the edge of nowhere.
From a literary, if not literal standpoint, then, the Cottoniana map remains centered on its inheritance of Roman geography.
Again, one of the most striking features of the Cottoniana map is that, unlike most other mappaemundi, its shape is rectangular rather than round. Fitting the world to the world of the page also allows the mapmaker more space in the lower left-hand corner to depict a€?the angle of Englanda€™; as Howe has demonstrated, the doubled meaning of a€?anglea€™ and a€?Anglea€™ was not unknown in contemporary descriptions of Anglo-Saxon England. Not surprisingly, the British Isles are rather well represented in the map a€“ the one cartographic detail that has occasioned critical comment in the past.
Less discussed, however, is the mapa€™s use of water to relate England to the rest of the world. Since the center of the Cottoniana mapa€™s world presents the general impression of empty space, rather than of a loci medii, the center of Europe likewise appears largely vacant, prompting Patrick McGurk to hazard that the confused jumble of regions and tribes thrown into Central Europe represents the attempt to break up a€?the largest blank area in the mapa€™. In classical and early medieval definitions of Britannia, the territory was long defined as a cosmographic and cultural a€?othera€? to continental lands. What remains most startling about the mapa€™s treatment of Europe, though, is the sole inscription allowed to border England, sudbryttas, presumably meant to represent Brittany. Rejecting classical Otherness, the map denies the geography of the pre- and early Anglo-Saxon literary history that was invested with what Homi Bhabha has termed a€?colonial mimicrya€™ a€“ the desire of the colonized to present itself as a€?a reformed, recognizable othera€™. The Scandinavian elements of the Cottoniana map are not surprising, of course, given the sustained presence and development of Anglo-Scandinavian culture in the second half of Anglo-Saxon Englanda€™s history. Such classical revisionism is an arguable reading, of course, but like the Cottoniana map, the interpolations in the Old English Orosius also present a cultural perspective that centers Anglo-Saxon England, and offers up other regions to be marginalized in its place.
In addition, though these pagan insertions do qualify the original intent of Orosius, Stephen Harris has argued that other Old English alterations to Orosiusa€™ history do not refute Christianity, but rather present a€?a sense of Germanic community [that] shapes the Latin into an Old English story of the origins of Christendoma€™. The Old English Orosius, in effect, de-centers Rome from a distinctly Roman history of the world. In the 11th century a€?real timea€™ of the Cottoniana map, the imperial glory of Rome is no more real than that of Babylon. The Cottoniana map has not been dated more surely than the first half of the 11th century, and possibly may be even slightly later; see McGurk and Dumville, pp.
The 'Anglo-Saxon world map' contains the earliest known, relatively realistic depiction of the British Isles.
Foys, M., a€?The Virtual Reality of the Anglo-Saxon Mappamundia€?, Literature Compass 1, 2003. In geographical content, it does follow the medieval European convention of orientation with East at the top and somewhat centered on Jerusalem.A  The bulbous projection of land on the coast, north of Jerusalem, is perhaps meant for Carmel.
Perhaps you have been dating a man for a few months and things seemed to be going well and then he begins to seem more distant. To help shed some light on the subject of why men do the things they do, we put together a list of the top 5 reasons why men pull away. Some men are not interested in pursuing a serious relationship and all they want to do is have sex with an attractive woman. One is that he was only interested in sex and you had sex with him very early in the relationship. If all he is interested in is having sex and you don’t give it to him, he will move on but this is not the type of man you want to be with anyway.
There are plenty of men that are looking for a woman to settle down with and start a family. One reason for this is because although a lot of men want to be in a relationship with a woman, most men don’t want to feel like they are losing their freedom or losing their sense of self. They may also be worried that their identity is disappearing and being replaced with a new identity of being a couple.
It may not make much sense but if a man has been hurt before in the past, he may actually sabotage a relationship so that he can end it on his terms rather than suffering the pain of falling in love and being dumped again. If things between the two of you are not the same as they were in the beginning, he will lose interest. Sometimes a man will begin to pull away because he needs a little time and space to figure things out. When you look at the first gif, Justin’s lips always go tight before he kisses Andrew. Called the Cottoniana or Anglo-Saxon map, it dates from 995-1050, just before the Norman Conquest, and does not appear to belong to any one of the identifiable a€?familiesa€? of medieval maps, as described by M.C.
However, though of small size, it is one of the most unique of all medieval world-pictures.
At the top left, behind the Lion we see the Taurus Montes, where the Tigris and Euphrates have their sources.
One reads Mons Albanorum [Albanian Mountains, possibly the Caucasus] and the other is regio Colchorum, the region of Colchis, located northeast of the Black Sea. As not merely a measurement, but as a creation of the world known to Anglo-Saxon England, this mappamundi charts a number of struggles between the two realities of Englanda€™s marginal locus in the historical record of the known physical world, and of the Anglo-Saxon impulse to re-center the world on their own island. Ernest Gellner, for instance, uses explicitly spatial figures to describe such conflicting realities; for Gellner, a€?pre-modern and pre-rationala€™ visions of the world lack a€?a single continuous logical spacea€™, and instead consist of a€?multiple, not properly united, but hierarchically related sub-worldsa€™, and a€?special privileged facts, sacralized and exempt from ordinary treatmenta€™. Anglo-Saxon writers inherited a long historical tradition of Britaina€™s peripheral status as a remote corner of the world. The people of Britain, therefore, were rich only in livestock and their own place on the margins. Such views continue through early medieval writers such as Isidore, and early native writers remained substantially invested in such views of their home. In Gildas, one finds a striking example of spiritual calibration, as the historian initially refers to the island as divina statera [in the divine scales] and then describes the conversion of Brittania as the suna€™s warming of glaciali frigore rigenti insulae et velut longiore terrarum secessu soli visibili non proximae [an island frozen with lifeless ice and quite remote from the visible sun a€“ recessed from the world]. At least on the surface, English cosmography does not, in the words of one commentator, a€?develop strategies for recuperating auctoritasa€™ until well into the 13th century. However, it is not uncommon for critics to assume that, as a mappamundi, the map also theo-graphically depicts Jerusalem as its physical center.
Church writers long agreed that the earth was spherical, but also had a tough job reconciling the circular form of the earth and the scriptural concept of the worlda€™s four corners. Cornering the world, though, also adds space that the Anglo-Saxon artist did not know quite how to accommodate.
The coastline and shape of the islands are pretty particular for the time; they contain icons of three named cities (London, Winchester and Armagh), and a number of delineated regions, including named regions for Ireland (Hibernia) and Scotland (Camri). In keeping with classical convention, the map circumscribes the earth with a grey wash of ocean that in effect presents a third frame inside the double-lined border and then the manuscript page.
In Europe, notably, major cities appear only on its periphery: Constantinople in the east, and Rome and a number of other Italian cities in the south.


In his Etymologies, Isidore of Seville, in language closely matching Orosius, explains that Britain is an island within sight of Spain, but literally opposite Gaul: Brittania Oceani insula . The very form of the inscription reveals much about the Anglo-Saxon attitudes behind it; sudbryttas contains a unique use of the Anglo-Saxon a€?A?a€?, one of the only distinctively Old English characters in the text of the map. Instead, the version of the Anglo-Saxon world celebrates the origin of Anglo-Saxon culture, and in turn highlights northern, not southern continental connections. Accordingly, these elements compare to substantially older examples of Anglo-Saxon literature. Harrisa€™ chief example of this reshaping, namely how the Old English version substantively alters the Goth sacking of Rome, holds particular interest with regard to the discussion of the Cottoniana map.
In a similar manner, the Cottoniana map shifts the focus away from two traditional centers of the spiritual and geographic worlds on whose margins Anglo-Saxon England existed. As a virtual world, its temporal aspects are no more rooted in the primary world than are its spatial aspects. It was created, probably at Canterbury, between 1025 and 1050 but is probably ultimately based on a model dating from Roman times. Nevertheless the British Isles (bottom left) are immediately recognizable and the Orkneys, the Scillies, the Channel Islands and the isles of Man and of Wight are shown. Edson, a€?The oldest world maps: classical sources of three VIIIth century mappaemundia€?, The Ancient World, 24, 1993, pp.
When a man begins to pull away from a relationship it can be confusing and frustrating for a woman. A lot of guys are interested in the thrill of the hunt rather than the happiness of a fulfilling and committed relationship. There are also a number of men who are interested in dating and spending time with multiple women but they are not ready to settle into a serious relationship just yet. This sometimes happens when a woman acted a certain way in the beginning of the relationship when she was trying to attract a man but then her true personality comes out later.
If you give him the space he needs, it won’t be long before he is chasing after you once again. 995, some 100 years before the First Crusade, Mont Ararat and Noaha€™s Ark are shown, firmly placed in the territory of Armenia. Below the range is the legend Montes Armenia, which describes the twin Peaks of Mount Ararat; here shown sideways, with the three-storey Arca Noe [Noaha€™s Ark] perched on top.
Hiberia [Iberia] is shown south of Montes Armenie, between the two rivers rising form the Armenian plateau and Taurus, in the territory of Mesopotamia. Flowing eastward from Upper Egypt, it turns west and somehow disappears underground to emerge further down and continue its flow towards Alexandria and the Mediterranean Sea. The Cottonian map places Gog and Magog hard by the northern ocean, west of the Caspian Sea and the Ten Lost Tribes appear in the Middle East.
Rome and Jerusalem appear prominently a€“ with its six towers Rome is one of the two largest cities shown (along with the historically massive Babylon), biblical lands occupy the center band of the map, marked by straight, confident lines, holy waterways are distinctively colored in bright red, and a paradisiacally described island occupies the top centre of the map. In the first century, the Roman geographer Pomponius Mela described the inhabitants of the island as inculti omnes and ita magnis aliarum opum ignari [a€?all uncivilizeda€™ and a€?moreover ignorant of a great many other thingsa€™].
If, as Orosius describes in Historiae adversum Paganos, world history did move from East to West, then readers of his Anglo-Saxon translation could easily have found themselves on the very edge of one of feower endum pyses midangeardes a€“ at the edge of the physical world and at the end of the processes of history and salvation. In its depiction of England, however, the Cottoniana map anticipates later strategies for transforming the cosmographical auctoritas of the Anglo-Saxon homeland, and pushed back against the traditions that have relegated it to the edge. Harley has observed the widespread practice that a€?societies place their own territories at the center of their cosmographies or world mapsa€™, but a quick glance at the Cotton map confirms that it does not, on the page, center Anglo-Saxon England. Jerusalem has a long scriptural and exegetic tradition (including Anglo-Saxon writers such as Bede) as the exact center of the earth, and appears as the precise center of a number of famous mappaemundi, most notably the Hereford (#226), Ebstorf (#224), Psalter (#223) and Higden (#232) maps.
In mappaemundi, the usual solution consisted of placing a spherical map inside a square, and filling these a€?cornersa€™ with iconographically suitable adornment. Consequently, Eastern Europe and Asia Minor expand considerably, creating vast empty spaces that in turn push Constantinople further north than it is normally found on medieval maps and, likewise, Jerusalem further south. Unlike any other mappaemundi, though, water similarly frames the British Isles, in effect creating the same representation of the world in microcosm.
In sharp contrast, the broad strip of Western Europe that borders England is remarkably devoid of any inscription or detail. The literal meaning of the inscription, a€?south Britaina€™, assumes a somewhat colonialist attitude towards Brittany, and onomastically centers the perspective of the region squarely on England.
In contrast to its treatment of Western Europe, the Cottoniana map lavishes attention on the Scandinavian north, and provides seven names for the area (mostly absent from Orosius), including names for tribes in Norway, Finland, and possibly Iceland.
The cumulative effect of all these Scandinavian a€“ or reputedly Scandinavian a€“ references recall the famous interpolation of the voyages of Ohthere and Wulfstan in the Alfredian Old English translation of Orosius. The Old English rewriting of the sack of Rome carefully excises from the original text any emphasis on the political power and spiritual centrality of Rome. We have seen how the physical world of the map literally de-centers Jerusalem a€“ a position it will not manifest for centuries in English mappaemundi a€“ while likewise marginalizing the effect of Rome upon England.
It can often leave the woman wondering what is wrong with her or what she did to drive him away. The other possibility is that you would not have sex with him and when he finally realized it wasn’t going to happen, he moved on.
I find that when a straight man kisses another man, they tend to tighten their mouths almost involuntarily. These movements and interactions speak to them having been intimately in contact with each other for a long time. Below the Ark the legend Armenia can be seen, although somewhat masked by the print bleeding through. In addition, there are a number of unlabelled provinces, rivers and islands, leading one to surmise that this map was copied from a larger and more detailed map. England, in the meantime, occupies the lower left corner of the map, its cities tiny and its terrain free of the distinctive straight lines that dominate the center strip of the Holy Land.
Mela correlates the ignorance of Britain to the islanda€™s extreme distance from Rome and the Continent, and rounds out his description by noting that the British pecore ac finibus dites [a€?are rich only in cattle and landa€™]. The Orosian a€?four ends of this eartha€™ also recall the common scriptural phrase a€?the four corners of the eartha€™, a phrase translated directly (feowerum foldan sceatum) or alluded to many times in Old English literature. The edge of geographic knowledge, Mary Campbell reminds us, can be a location charged with a€?moral significancea€™ and even a€?divine dangerousnessa€™. Importantly, though, the Cotton map should be considered as centered on Jerusalem in only the loosest sense of the term, since the map locates the city slightly down (west) and far to the right of center. The Cottoniana map, in contrast, has the look of a round map that has been deliberately stretched to fit the dimensions of the manuscript page. In comparison to later mappaemundi, such a choice actually de-emphasizes the center as it creates room in the corners. One city in the southwest lacks an inscription, perhaps an indication of the provenance of the map or mapmaker.
In the formal elements of the map, the curve of the Channel and North Sea echo the form of Mediterranean and Black Seas, which clearly demarcate Europe from the rest of the world. Unlike the mappaemundi closest in time to it, the Cottoniana map completely ignores lower Germany and France, and from what appears to be Jutland to the Pyrenees mountains, the map includes exactly one inscription: sudbryttas (discussed below). Such an attitude also references one of the first major cultural events of post-Roman Britain, namely the victory of Anglo-Saxon invaders over native Britain, and the subsequent late 5th century settlement of Bretons in southern Gaul. The one inscription from Orosius retained in this area, Daria (Dacia) ubi et Gothia, only intensifies the Cottoniana mapa€™s regard for the Nordic. Traditionally, the interpolation of allegedly firsthand accounts of explorations of Scandinavia and the Baltic region into Orosiusa€™ classical geography is viewed as a natural extension of ninth century Englanda€™s connection and interest in things Scandinavian. Instead, the Anglo-Saxon version uses the occasion of the sacking of Rome to manifest a distinctly Germanic notion of Christendom and kingship, one which a€?permits vernacular access to and Anglo-Saxon identification with an order of identity that has left the senate and people of Rome far behinda€™.
For Anglo-Saxon England, Rome meant many things, and the map should be understood as embodying all of them: the past imperial power, responsible for the historical view of England, as well as a present fallen one, and the present spiritual center of Christian belief. However, the editors also consider, tentatively, the possibility that some of the script of the map is of a slightly later date, and possibly as late as the early 12th century. London, the Saxon capital of Winchester and Dublin are indicated using Roman-style town symbols.
Yet the map, itself a product of late Anglo-Saxon culture, appears to practically embrace the traditional marginalization of England.
Living on the edge, as it were, Anglo-Saxons felt the danger of their borders keenly throughout their history.
Recent commentators have noted that most early medieval world maps actually do not center Jerusalem, and that this convention probably derives from the later political context of the Crusadesa€™ quests for the Holy City.
The map, while retaining some suggestive quality of roundness, definitely has corners, in marked contrast to the traditional circular format of such maps, including later and more elaborate English mappaemundi, where the British Isles end up compressed, squashed, really, into the curvature of the border. In the Cottoniana map, the physical center of the world appears rather sparse, consisting of mostly empty sections of lower Syria and the eastern Mediterranean.
Looking at the map in this fashion, one can then see a succession of three nested identical L-shaped frames, which draw the eye of the viewer from the whole world, to Europe, and then finally, to England.
Thus with reference to the area of classical Gaul, or contemporary France, Normandy, Flanders, Maine and Burgundy, the map chooses to depict a period both after the fall of Rome, and before the rise of Western European political states that would by the middle of the 11th century definitively end Anglo-Saxon power. McGurk notes that the map pulls Dacia considerably out of position; Orosius places Dacia et Gothia in the middle of Eastern Europe, between the territories of Alania and Germania, while the Cottoniana map moves Dacia et Gothia much further north. Sealy Gilles, for instance, claims that in the Alfredian additions, the Anglo-Saxon Wulfstana€™s account of pagan customs persisting on the margins of European Christendom is reminiscent of the ancient customs of the English themselves. Italy alone contains seven cities, including Rome a€“ more than any other region on the map a€“ and the end result is a mass of iconographic power pointing at this imperial and spiritual seat. Similarly, the map produces many Englands: the past, Othered colony of Roman conquest and then missionaries, the present geographic island, and, most importantly, the desired stable political entity in the process of moving in from the edge of the world and assuming a centric role in, at the very least, a larger corner of Europe.
Conversely, McGurk and Dumville also consider that this script may also be the work of the manuscripta€™s main scribe (p. New information was added but at each stage errors and misunderstandings occurred in the copying process. The size of the Cornish peninsula is exaggerated, probably reflecting the importance of its copper and tin mines in the ancient world.
While Anglo-Saxon England possessed a coherent national identity since at least the ninth century, this 11th century depiction refers to the island by its Roman name, Brittania, rather than the more contemporary Angelcynn. Recent commentators have noted that most early medieval world maps actually do not center Jerusalem, and that this convention probably derives from the later political context of the Crusadesa€™ quests for the Holy City.A  It is tempting, however, to also consider the de-centering of Jerusalem in the Cottoniana map as a function of the mapa€™s own textual convention, and the way it responds to and ultimately rejects notions of Englanda€™s marginalized state.
Sometimes people just grow apart for whatever reason but when things change some men will feel like it’s time to move on. If anything their mouths open slightly, their bodies tend to melt into one another and they don’t ever seem to want to stop.


Further down we see a second range of mountains also named Taurus, the continuation of the remaining section of the same range, continued with a break. The time of the Cottoniana map was no different, as the Anglo-Saxon state began the 11th century unsuccessfully fighting off one set of invasions, and did not last the century fighting off a second set; but from at least the time of King Alfred, as the Anglo-Saxon state was formed, it also coalesced around a cultural center other than Rome or Jerusalem. Each of the corners, by contrast, is distinguished and distinct: the separate landmass of the British Isles in the northwest, the giant drawing of the lion in the northeast, and the fiery waters and mountains of the southern corners. In this scheme, Britain itself then maps its own marginality on to Ireland, which ends up inside a fourth L-shaped frame of water northwest of Britain a€“ a move that to a degree displaces Brittania as one of feowerum foldan sceatum, and brings England further in from the edge.
But the blankness of this area can provide two functions: first, it reinforces the mapa€™s accentuation of England by providing another curving blank space, this time of land, to frame the British Isles.
Bede echoes this sentiment, noting that in relation to Spain, Gaul and Germany, or a€?greater Europea€™ (maximis Europae) Britain stands a€?at a great distance against thema€™ (multo interuallo aduersa). In this sense, the mappamundi eerily refuses to recognize the very regions that will directly enable the Norman Conquest of Anglo- Saxon England, only decades (perhaps less) after the map was made.
At the same time, however, the Cottoniana map enacts a strategy similar to that found in the Old English Orosius, and emphasizes the Anglo-Saxon world even as it works within a distinctly Roman source. In the a€?big picturea€™ of the mappamundi, England appears literally as one of the feowerum foldan sceatum, tucked far away from the center of the map, with only Ireland and Tylen, or ultimate Thule, closer to the physical corner of the manuscript page.
And even as the Cotton map acknowledges the liminal world that is the origin of the Angelcynn, it also promotes their geographic desires and anxieties that England, ultimately, should also be a center, not a corner, of the world. Second, the mapa€™s omission of Englanda€™s closest continental neighbors might not only reveal an eagerness to distance Anglo-Saxon England from its classical definitions, but also perhaps consciously deny a particular aspect of its current political situation.
From Isidore and Orosius, Bede specifically preserves the term adversa, the word fraught not only with locative, but potentially negative connotations (e.g.
Harris has recently demonstrated, Anglo-Saxons likely viewed the Daci as synonymous with Dani (the Danes), and Gothi (derived from GetA¦) as the same as the Geats, the famous, if somewhat a historical Scandinavian tribe of Beowulf fame.
As noted above, the L-shaped England echoes the forms of the larger geographies that contain it, that of Europe, and then that of the world. Could they refer to the conflict between the Saxons and the native Britons in the centuries following the departure of the Romans early in the fifth century, which gave rise to the legend of King Arthur? Most of the Biblical names found on the Hereford, Lambert, Henry of Mainz, the Psalter, and Ebstorf maps are perhaps, in many cases, borrowed directly from this earlier Anglo-Saxon work. Likewise, Scithia, here positioned east and slightly north of the island containing the scridefinnas (who are also mentioned in the Old English Orosius), might also have a presumed Scandinavian affiliation. Likewise, in England, the cities of Winchester and London, the twin capitals of the Anglo-Saxon world, hold the same relative position as does Rome and its lesser cities in the shape of Europe.
THESE VERY SAME ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, WHO HAVE SWORN TO PROTECT AND SERVE, OUR COUNTRY, AND CITIZENS ,ARE BUT SOME, OF THE CORRUPT,GREEDY TRAITORS .ENGAGED IN THE TYRANNY AND TORTURE. Nearby is the region of containment of the tribes of Gog and Magog, situated near the northern ocean.
Gallia commonly occurs in most other medieval maps of this region, both earlier and later than the Cottoniana map, precisely because of this marginalizing textual tradition. Rome may still dominate the cartography of Europe, but, in the framed world of England, London and Winchester occupy the same space, and suggest a willingness and desire to assume a similar role. Ker dates the manuscript to the first quarter of the 11th century, though he notes that the composition of some of the material (e.g. The Cottoniana map, however, largely resists such characterization as adversa maximis Europae, choosing both to elide the classical inscriptions of Gaul and Germany, and then to leave the region almost entirely void. As Harris points out, King Alfreda€™s ninth century political victories over Danish enemies in England validate Anglo-Saxon Christendom over pagan beliefs from another edge of the world. And, finally, it bares some indications of a much later time, the age of the discoveries and the migration of the Northmen in the eighth, ninth, and 10th centuries.A  The correspondences of various names and descriptions in Adam of Bremen afford at least a possibility that the former sometimes drew from the same originals as the great northern annalist, while some of the names in the British Isles, in Gaul [France], and in the Far East and northeast, support the 10th century date, which most scholars are inclined to accept. Similarly, Nicholas Howe chronicles how Anglo-Saxon missionaries journeying a€?backa€™ to Germanic heathendom replicate the pattern of and then supersede Augustinea€™s original mission from Rome to Canterbury. In both examples, Anglo-Saxon activities work to define new cultural edges in relation to an understood English centre. See Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), item 193, pp. The Cottoniana map operates as a graphic analogue to such literary and conversionary efforts. The elision of contemporary France may possibly derive from a combination of a Roman source and an understandable emphasis on Scandinavian regions.
If the map was drawn around 1050, this elision may also express the negative attitudes towards Normandy developing rapidly among some Anglo-Saxon factions. Even if the absence of France and Normandy is a product of early ninth or 10th century Anglo-Saxon cultural concerns, this omission certainly could have taken on new meaning around 1050. The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH!
Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments. The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later.
EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr. Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley.
We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said. People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained. These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound. Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant.
We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments. Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products. We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society. In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia. They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories.
The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results. One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed. However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure.
One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem. Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility.
Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities. One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach. Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour. Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close. Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with. There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing. In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants.
Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings. While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip.
If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects.
Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery. He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime. We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit. The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months. Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling.
I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms. Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.



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