Are train horns legal on cars in australia,model trains for sale australia zoo,train buildings o scale - 2016 Feature

10.04.2016
Photos by Tequila MinskyHorn players blew sweet sounds as they rode in the vintage subway cars.
Seven years after the opening of the A subway line, Duke Ellington gave jazz composer and musician Strayhorn directions on how to get to a new job in the Sugar Hill section of Harlem.
Meanwhile, Strayhorn family members,  Manhattan Borough President Gale Brewer and her husband, Cal Snyder, and dozens of straphangers circled the bevy of jazz musicians  performing on the station’s lower platform. The bands continued to play while riding up the escalator, then switched to New Orleans style while marching along Broadway to Jazz at Lincoln Center. Borough President Gale Brewer and hubby, Cal Snyder, were “all aboard,” as they grooved to the classic jazz tunes. In June 2016, the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra will wrap up the season by celebrating Billy Strayhorn with Wynton Marsalis. We appreciate your comments and ask that you keep to the subject at hand, refrain from use of profanity and maintain a respectful tone to both the subject at hand and other readers who also post here. Anyone who's been through an airport, crossed national borders, or gone to a public school in the United States has seen detection dogs, noses diligently sniffing for illegal drugs or banned produce and invasive insects. There are even dogs trained to detect wildlife or wildlife parts, like rhino horns and ivory, that smugglers try to sneak across borders.
But what happens when one of those drugs, fruits, or animals is taken off the list of contraband? At least 16 other states, meanwhile, have some form of legalized or decriminalized marijuana, whether for medical or recreational uses.
Some police departments in Washington have already announced plans to retrain their canines to stop indicating when they smell the plant. Mary Cablk, a scientist at the Desert Research Institute (DRI) in Reno, Nevada, who studies dog-handler teams, says that dogs can be reeducated so that they don't sit, lie down, or bark when they detect an odor they've been trained to recognize. But while it's relatively simple to retrain a dog not to alert a handler to the presence of marijuana, legal questions about the searchesa€”as well as concerns about the training and evaluation of detection dogsa€”make detection canines a more complicated breed. The problem with retraining dogs to stop indicating when they've scented marijuana is that drug loads can be mixed, said Jason Landrum, a training supervisor at the U.S. That uncertainty can lead to sticky legal questions, said Larry Myers, an associate professor and veterinarian at Auburn University in Alabama, who provides expert testimony on cases involving detection dogs. Lawyers could argue that even though a dog was retrained to no longer alert on marijuana, there wasn't adequate evidence to confirm that reeducation, he said. It's also unclear whether every Washington police department intends to retrain their detection dogs.


Retraining a dog to stop alerting on a particular scent, such as marijuana, is fairly straightforward, Cablk said.
A strong drive to follow airborne scents is one of the characteristics that the CBP looks for in detection dog candidates, said Landrum. Once dogs with a strong scent drive are found, the CBP screens them for potential medical issues. Trainers scent one toy with four target odors, such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamines, and heroin, and teach the dogs to find the toy. The dogs learn to sit when they discover a target odor, and once they have learned a set of smells, they practice finding each odor separately. The canines also get experience searching in different environmentsa€”like open brush, forested areas, or airportsa€”that they're likely to encounter in their seven-year-plus careers, Landrum said. After six weeks, a dog is paired with the law enforcement officer who will work with it in the fielda€”its handlera€”and the dog-handler teams then undergo another six weeks of training together. The dog-handler teams must then pass a certification trial before they can graduate and go into the field.
Customs and Border Protection's Landrum saw firsthand how effective these teams were in apprehending illegal aliens and smuggled narcotics when he was stationed at a checkpoint near Falfurrias, Texas (map), 70 miles (113 kilometers) north of the Rio Grande River.
And yet, even though military and law enforcement agencies around the world have used canines to sniff out drugs and other contraband for decades, scientific evidence has pointed to a range in their reliability and accuracy. One 2006 study by DRI's Cablk, published in the journal Ecological Applications, looked at dogs trained to detect desert tortoisesa€”listed as a federally threatened species that government agencies, including the Defense Department, wanted to find and protecta€”and found that their reliability varied between 27 and 73 percent. A 2011 study published in Animal Cognition by Lisa Lit, a researcher at the University of California, Davis, who studies human-dog interactions, showed that detection dog handlers could be inadvertently cuing their canines to the presence of a target. Even though many law enforcement agencies require dog-handler teams to keep up with their training and recertificationa€”CBP field teams train for 16 hours every month and must recertify every yeara€”some experts feel the evaluation process needs work.
It's important to have randomized search trials and double-blind conditions, said Auburn University's Myers. Most organizations conduct single-blind evaluations, Myers noted, where the handlers don't know the locations of any of the targets, but those conducting the test do. The Desert Research Institute's Cablk acknowledges that properly training and evaluating detection dogs and their handlers isn't easy. But Cablk says it's important to narrow the range of dog-handler team reliability and accuracy, or team capability, and such work requires scientific study. It was a nostalgia train painted a flat green with wicker seats, ceiling fans and 1930s-era ads in the vintage cars from the New York Transit Museum’s antique fleet.


This was the inspiration for Strayhorn’s famous standard, which became the Ellington band’s signature tune and a soundtrack of sorts for millions of straphangers. It’s the world’s longest subway route at more than 32 miles.  Three hundred cars were originally ordered under contract R-1. Arts & Design produced the celebratory day of travel, jazz and history, with collaborators Jazz at Lincoln Center, NYC Transit, the Transit Museum and the Music Under NY team. 5:13 Gear Ratio in Front and Rear Axels , Engine is Stock 6 Liter Gas , Duel Battery Setup with a 300 Amp Alternator , 10,000 lbs.
Customs and Border Protection officer uses a detection dog to sniff out cash hidden in cars heading to Mexico.
Just last week, the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service graduated their first class of dogsa€”four retrieversa€”trained to sniff out illegal wildlife. The question has gotten new currency since Washington state and Colorado legalized marijuana through voter-approved referendums last fall.
A canine that hasn't been retrained might alert an officer to a substance legal under state law, leading to a search when the police had no cause to detain someone based on that alert. If a trainer stops rewarding a dog for alerting a handler to the presence of a particular scent, then the alert behavior can be unlearned. Handlers may be informed before going into a room that there are targets insidea€”although they won't be told exactly where. The train was brought out to celebrate the centennial of the birth of Billy Strayhorn, the composer of “Take the ‘A’ Train,” and to kick off the holiday season. As the IND expanded through the ’30s, orders were placed under contracts R-4, R-6, R-7 and R-9, adding 1,703 new cars to the IND system.
Wench in front bumper , 3 Train Horns mounted under the bed , Fold down steps if needed on both Passenger and Driver side thats remotely activated , all lights on the truck work ,and 6 strobes mounted under the body for night time affect.
This Truck stands 10'4" Tall from ground to top of light rack , and it is street Legal in Houston ,Texas .



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