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19.02.2014
The New Yorker just released this nifty visualization, showing the median household income near New York Subway stations.
Looking at it from more of a transit angle, for Benjamin Kabak at the 2nd Avenue Sagas the infographic presents a visual case against zone fares. But in New York, as we can see from the interactive infographic, the median household income drops off rapidly as we go away from the center. Looking at it from a more urban development perspective, I find the apparent concentration of income brackets problematic. Either way, I was interested to get a better overview of all the data, instead of having to click through the lines one by one. Flat fares are actually a good way to help with the income inequalities (which I agree are a problem for society and not just NYC). Ever since the implementation of the new Opus Card system by the Montreal’s Public Transportation (STM), there have been lots of malfunctions and bugs.
The malfunctions were mainly caused by the poor build quality of the smartcards, the poor wireless reader range, the easy demagnetization of the paper tickets, etc.  Slowly (very slowly) these malfunctions are being addressed and (sometimes) solved. On last weekend, I witnessed a bug that I would have never thought possible in a professional widespread software application that involves so many money transactions: what I usually call a boundary condition bug.
There are monthly passes that allow unlimited fares within the month in both the metro and the bus.
There are tickets (either as a magnetic paper card or as some information on a smartcard) which allow for one fare that allow to take the metro, the bus, or both within a two-hour time limit.
Since the Opus Card implementation, one of the first things that came into my mind was the attention required to compute the fare price when a month ends (i.e.
On last Saturday, my girlfriend and I took the metro after going to the movies and she swept her card (loaded with tickets) at exactly midnight (00:00 as reported by the STM records) at the metro reader. The conclusion to this is that when a day ends, there STM fare algorithm fails and defaults to charge you an extra ticket. The poor programming quality is also reflected by the poor choice of OS for their vending machines. I think it would be rather interesting to have a place where to share, showcase and discuss projects and hacks with local people (from Montreal).
I have a few Wave invites left so if any geeky Montrealer would like one, please leave a comment and I’ll see what I can do. I spent countless hours trying to install the free version of the Xilinx software on may windoze Virtual machine and I have finally succeed. Over the next 50 years, many companies and wealthy individuals would attempt to get the ball rolling to give Montreal a subway, but to no avail. Later, it was decided that the #1-Green Line would not run east-west under Rue Sainte-Catherine as originally planned so as to not potentially ruin numerous businesses along the Rue, in addition to creating huge traffic problems within the city. In 1963 the City of Montreal created important modifications to the initial plan of the metro. In regards to the World's Fair (Expo 67), the City would choose a rather interesting site for it: two islands facing the City of Montreal in the middle of the Fleuve (River) Saint-Laurent. The "T-arrow" logo was created in 1952 making it one of the longest standing transit logos. One Person Train Operation (OPTO), which began in 1986 on the brand new #5-Blue Line, is now utilized on all routes with only one modification.
At terminals, trains are discharged and are then relayed outside the station off of the mainline in what is called the "arriere-gare" which means "behind the station". When it is time for a train to depart a terminal, the dispatcher notifies the operator and the public of its impending departure by activating a signal that sounds 6 loud tones, which can be clearly heard throughout the station. The #1-Green line uses MR-63 cars which were built between 1963 and 1967 by Canadian Vickers. The #2-Orange, #4-Yellow and #5-Blue Lines use MR-73 cars which were constructed by Bombardier between 1974 and 1980. The only signs that exist on any of the rolling stock are the plates with a metal appearance, which are bracketed on the front and rear of the train inside the operators cab. Looking from the outside, the MR-63's and the MR-73's pretty much have the same exterior look. Another feature that the MR-73's would eventually have are interior LED displays that are part of a visual communication network (RCV) that was implemented starting in 1991 by the company Telecite. New York’s very large subway system is under a single fare zone, from end to end you can travel more than 50km on a single ride ticket. So distance based fares would disproportionally affect less affluent people, who travel long distances to get to work in the city center, while more affluent people live nearby and only have short rides.


Both concentrating poverty and concentrating wealth are bad for the city, its health, economic activity and liveliness. So I went into the code that generates the infographic, and hacked at it a bit to get all of the lines shown on a single graph.
The unsolved bugs become a part of the daily routine and we Montrealers learn to accept them. Should the time period be elapsed, or should you take the metro or the same bus more than once, you will need another ticket.
Unfortunately, It is unlikely that this bug is noticed by the STM any time soon since they are not loosing any profit from it and they do not accept bug reports.
And this very lengthy and painful process reminded me why the Open Source world is so much more convenient. While the construction of the metro actually began in 1962, the planning to create it had started all the way back in 1910 when the Montreal Underground and Elevated Railway Co.
Finally in 1961, the City of Montreal under the tutelage of Mayor Jean Drapeau, created a committee under the control of the City of Montreal Service of Public Works that was chaired by Lucien L'Allier.
In 1961, the initial plans for the network were released which was composed of three lines. So it was decided that a brand new east-west boulevard would be constructed north of Rue Sainte-Catherine that would require the demolition of numerous buildings of which the new boulevard would run through and the line would then run under the new boulevard, which is today known as Boulevard de Maisonneuve. The City decided to extend the #2-Orange Line north to Boulevard Henri-Bourassa and south to the Bonaventure station.
The logo for the metro (a downward white pointing arrow in a white circle on a blue background) was created by the firm Jacques Guillon and Associates in 1962.
While on a business trip to Paris, France, Mayor Drapeau was quite impressed with the metro system of Paris that was operated by the Regie autonome des transports parisiens (RATP). For this reason, construction of the metro in Montreal would have to be exclusively underground, unlike in Paris where adverse conditions of this sort are very rare and where rubber-tired lines do indeed run outdoors. Of the 369 cars delivered by Vickers, 33 were destroyed in 1971 and 1974 fires (see timeline).
A cars are motor cars with four motors per A car that offer 168 hp per motor (672 hp per A car, 4032 hp per maximum length 9 car train).
Information for this article was supplied by the book Le Metro de Montreal, 35 ans deja, by Benoit Clairoux, published by Editions Hurtubise HMH of Montreal, Canada. That would seem unusual from a European point of view, where transit is viewed as something that ideally pays for itself, and distance-based fares are used to bring fares closer in line with the actual cost. The single fare zone is thus seen as a tool in helping the reduce or at least alleviate the income gap problem. The city may not be able to improve the wealth distribution of its citizens by much (upper levels of government are generally more effective for that), but maybe it can find more ways to better integrate people of different income levels, give less affluent people access to more neighborhoods and promote mixed-income neighborhoods. All lines are aligned in the center with their wealthiest stop, which also approximately aligns them at the center of the city.
Everyone who has programed at least a little bit (like me) knows that these boundary conditions are usually exceptions to the normal behaviour of a program and need to be taken into account. Even the lady at the reclamations booth had a hard time to understand what the problem was.
Installing a full linux distribution with tons of extra programs takes half the required storage and a third of the time.
The City also announced the creation of the #4-Yellow Line from Berri-de Montigny to Longueuil (Rive-Sud). It cost approximately CDN $213,700,000 to construct these brand new lines and for the purchase of 369 new subway cars.
This new logo matched with the logo of the CTM (now STM), which is nicknamed the "T-arrow" (a blue T in a blue circle on a white background with a arrow pointing from the T in an eastwardly fashion).
With the original "T-arrow", the circle was formed with the curved words "Commission de Transport de Montreal" on top and "Montreal Transportation Commission" on the bottom. During off-peak hours when the arriere-gare north of the Berri-UQAM station is filled with lay-ups (parked trains), in order for a Yellow Line train to relay, the train after discharging passengers on the Berri-UQAM-bound platform heads south of Berri-UQAM on the mainline tracks and crosses over onto the Longueuil-bound tracks.
The RATP was operating certain lines with trains that ran on rubber tires, which had debuted ten years earlier. For more information on the rubber-tired system, visit Marc Dufour's page describing the Principle of the Rubber-tired Metro. Black & white bulkhead roll signs used to exist on the MR-63 cars when they first came out, but were replaced later on with the plates. Also, the MR-73's possess certain electrical components that were not available in the 1960's when the MR-63's were conceived.


They also can show pertinent information in the event of an incident within the metro network. The MR-73's fan system have mainly side vents which blow the air towards the sides of the cars in an effort to improve air circulation within the car. I, of course, assumed that such mundane exceptions would be addressed by professional programmers swiftly and painlessly.
The Bureau du Metro would create contracts, prepare blueprints and tend bids for the construction of a metro system in conjunction with the Commission de Transport de Montreal (now the STM) which was the operator of the city's bus system and would operate the new metro system upon it's completion. The new #4 line was brought forth directly as a result of Montreal being named as the host of the 1967 World's Fair. Originally, there was to be a 4th station along the #4-Yellow Line on the Ile Notre-Dame, but that idea was soon nixed. The first trains originally operated on the #1-Green Line between Atwater & Papineau with the Beaudry station being bypassed as it was still under construction. The metro logo was approved, but the Mayor had insisted that the word "Metro" be placed underneath the new logo so as to avoid any confusion with the CTM logo. Trains on all lines (except the #4-Yellow) are operated by Automatic Train Operation (ATO) which in a nutshell operates trains by computer from point to point and opens the doors automatically when the train reaches it's proper berth within station limits. Before the implementation of OPTO, there would be two crewmembers on each train throughout the system.
Then the train wrong-rails back into the Berri-UQAM station on the Longueuil-bound side to pick up passengers and complete the relay. It would not be unusual to see signs in the non-operating positions from the Orange or Blue Lines on a consist being used for Yellow Line service for example.
In fact, the B cars are so dependent that their trucks don't even have Lateral Pickup Shoes (Contact Shoes). One of which were power choppers that release at short intervals the 750 volts DC needed to make the train accelerate from a standing position. From fall to spring, 6 car trains are utilized during rush hours and 3 car trains during off-peak hours. Line C (line 3) would have been a traditional steel wheel to iron rail operation run outdoors. Because of the announcement of the World's Fair, plans for the #3 line were abandoned when the City of Montreal decided to put forth it's metro resources towards the construction of the #4-Yellow Line, in addition to the extension of the #2-Orange Line to Henri-Bourassa which would make one of the #3's branches redundant.
Beaudry would open a couple months later along with the Frontenac station, which also experienced construction delays. Some of the Train Operator's duties include watching over the roadway and staying alert for anything unusual or unsafe that could hinder operation and make an emergency stop if necessary, make proper announcements, and to close the doors after the passengers have boarded and alighted. There are no terminals in the Montreal Metro which end with bumping blocks within station limits (like Main Street station on the #7 Line in New York City or O'Hare Airport station on the Blue Line in Chicago for example).
Drapeau was so enthralled with the rubber tire concept that he decided to adopt it for the new metro system in Montreal. These power choppers emit sounds that sound like three musical tones (it sounds like violins) playing when they begin accelerating.
Train Operators still have to make manual voice announcements with the MR-63's, which were not equipped with RCV's. This works in conjunction with a tunnel fan system, which attempt to intake warm air from underground so that the stations, tunnels and rolling stock, while still a bit warm underground during the summer months, usually do not reach unbearably hot temperatures. Construction is currently underway to extend the eastern branch of the line at Henri-Bourassa north into Laval with new stations at Cartier, de la Concorde and the new terminal at Montmorency with completion tentatively scheduled for 2006. However during summer months when the universities along the line are on summer break, 3 car trains are operated at all times, including rush hours.
It would have started south of McGill then would have used the tunnel under Mont-Royal, which was owned by CN Rail, and then would have split off into northeast and northwest branches. As a result, the RATP signed with the City of Montreal a "technical assistance contract" that would go into effect once construction began on the new system.
This quirky musical trait has actually become one of the unofficial trademarks of the Montreal Metro. ATO is available for use on the #4-Yellow Line, but at this time the line is being operated under manual operation.




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Comments to «Bus fare montreal to new york city»

  1. Ayka18 writes:
    Almost 20 meters in height and track.
  2. sweet_fidan writes:
    Sweepers and other tools, and train the employees and unwind.