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This is a puzzle because crime is more common among the poor; the percentage of poor Americans has been trending up since about 2000. But this head-scratcher is just part of a larger puzzle – understanding long-term trends in America’s criminal violence. The overall story is that homicide rates declined substantially (as did rates of interpersonal violence of all sorts). Scholars have offered several explanations for the centuries’-long decline of violence in the West.
Government: Over many generations, political authorities gained greater policing power and legitimacy. Economics: Greater and more broadly distributed wealth reduced people’s motivation for crime and raised the costs of getting into trouble.
Culture: Over the centuries, westerners increasingly came to feel that violence was uncouth and distasteful. How might any of this explain the latest – the post-1990s – downswing in homicide and in criminal violence more generally? Researchers point to some similar factors, although they disagree about their relative importance. Recently, scholars have added yet another explanation: Immigration – although not in the way that some people might expect. In a wider view, perhaps the more puzzling part of the story is the rapid upswing in violence from around 1960 to 1990 (see the first graph above).
In a paper that I published in 2001 in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology, I showed that homicide rates over a period of about half a century were consistent with a random walk (a process in which change scores are white noise).
Sadly missing from this article is any reference to the upheavals of racism, the civil rights movement, Jim Crow laws, and the Great Migration. Would love, love, love to see a graph comparing western European murder rates to US since the 1700s. I wonder what effect the emergence of modern emergency medicine (or for that matter, the availability of modern medical treatment in general) has had on these trends?
Listen to PI social science editor Nikki Jones in conversation with sociologist Karen Sternheimer about the sometimes strange relationship between an ethnographic researcher and the neighborhood she’s studying.
LGBT people of color are simultaneously present and excluded in the neighborhoods where they live and in mainstream LGBT organizations. The Public Intellectual has been for us a fascinating experiment in bringing academic work to a general audience. Napoli, New York Crime StatisticsPolice and law enforcement agencies in Napoli do not report crime numbers individually. Users are warned against reading into ranking data to decide 'how dangerous' a given location is, as many factors, including episodic events, or variations in crime reporting and methodology can skew rankings.
Crime Data InformationIndependent statistics for Napoli, New York are not available from the FBI UCR program. East Syracuse, New York Crime StatisticsThis page contains crime numbers for East Syracuse, New York. Please note that these figures do not include crime statistics for 1999, 2000, 2003 or 2004, as there were no data available for those years.
Crime TrendsOver the preceding 10 years, crime data were available in East Syracuse, New York for 6 years. Keep in mind that these graphs show reported crime numbers and certain sharp changes in crime figures might be the result of changes in reporting, not actual changes in crime rates.
Crime Data InformationEast Syracuse, New York law enforcement agencies report their statistics to the FBI UCR program. Madrid, New York Crime StatisticsPolice agencies in Madrid do not report crime data individually. Individuals are dissuaded against drawing conclusions from ranking data to determine 'how dangerous' a particular location is, as many factors, including episodic events, or discrepencies in crime reporting and methodology can skew rankings. Crime Data InformationIndependent statistics for Madrid, New York are not available from the FBI UCR program. The boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx are a patchwork of residential and commercial areas and parks. Brooklyn is large and diverse enough to function as a standalone city, with large and some upscale residential areas with a modern downtown and substantial commercial and retail offerings areas.
The Bronx area, on the mainland to the north of Manhattan, is the grittiest of the three areas, although its strategic location between the city and to better areas north is starting to bring some interest. Finally, the New York metro area includes northern suburbs stretching up into Westchester County between the east bank of the Hudson River and the Connecticut border.
The New York area offers a rich assortment of amenities, with world-class dining, shopping, and performing arts including theater, symphony, opera, and live music. A suburban rail and ferry network services surrounding communities in Connecticut, Long Island, and New Jersey. He was the founding editor of Contexts, the American Sociological Association’s magazine of sociology for the general reader, and edited the magazine through 2004.

Historians refer to the “civilizing process,” a phrase German sociologist Norbert Elias used to describe how the royal courts of Europe suppressed bloody feuds among lords. The rates are now at roughly the level of the least violent era in American history, the late 1950s. Some stress government authority, namely that longer criminal sentences and the prison-building boom kept many more bad actors off the streets longer. Two generations of scholars have yet (it appears to me) to satisfactorily explain why that happened. Eckberg (1995) corrected the raw federal data for missing states in the early part of the century. That the fluctuations in the 20th century were just stochastic, or that this applies to larger frames of time.
Nikki was in the field for three years for her first book, Between Good and Ghetto, and lived in the Fillmore neighborhood of San Francisco for three years for her forthcoming book, The Hustle: Why it’s Hard to Make Good in the New Inner City. They might be more active in promoting LGBT advocacy efforts if they felt those efforts included their voices and incorporated more of the issues that are important to them.
For more information, and a description of the statistical methods and data algorithms used by RecordsPedia, please visit our methodology section. You can take a look at the breakdown of crime by type, changes to crime figures over time, and see how East Syracuse compares to similar locations. It includes the island of Manhattan, an eight-county area immediately north, western Long Island, and Staten Island.
The borough of Manhattan, a 10-mile-long, 2-mile-wide island, is the financial, commercial, and entertainment core. North and west is Hells Kitchen, in the “40’s” (most Manhattan area locations are so approximated by their east-west numbered streets) is an old ethnic area and warehouse district enjoying a residential renaissance, to soon be aided by an elevated bikeway and commercial corridor along an old rail line.
They have large industrial areas with a predominant blue-collar feel containing manufacturing and freight distribution centers for the area. Staten Island, a mainly-residential borough to the south, is connected to Manhattan by ferries and the Verrazano Narrows bridge. Westchester is generally upscale and expensive, with spread-out towns and a country setting. Elevations range from less than 50 feet over most of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens to several hundred feet in northern Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island.
The number of violent crimes dropped by about 6 percent from the same period a year before. This gap persists despite a roughly 40 percent drop in our homicide rate in the last 15 years or so.
The repression of violence spread to the bourgeois who, in turn, taught it to the working classes – or forced it on them through, for example, schooling.
Others point to the economic boom of the 1990s, when unemployment, even in poor communities, sunk to low levels.
Some of the upswing in crime can be attributed to the baby boom: Put a lot more 15-to-25-year-old males into a society and you will get an upsurge of violence.
It’s the upsurge of violent crime starting in the early 1960s that is now ending that remains the larger puzzle.
Random walks can look like trends for significant stretches of time, but the appearance can be illusory. Surely, you concede the major point of the post, that there really is such a thing as a modernization curve? Nikki is also producing a short film, The Camera Rolls, the story of one man’s decade-long effort to document daily life in a tough San Francisco neighborhood. Keck is a professor of English and Gender Studies as well as an associate editor of Southern Indiana Review.
We have been heartened by the support of our readers and the generosity of the writers who have worked with us since our launch last year. If you are interested in seeing public records information for East Syracuse, New York, you can click the Public Records tab at the top.Total CrimeBetween 2001 and 2008 there were 909 total crimes reported in East Syracuse, New York (73 of them violent). Nonetheless, bear in mind that crime rates can also be found at the county and state level, so you may want to look at St. Much of Lower Manhattan consists of narrow, haphazard streets, dating back to the city’s earliest days as a Dutch colony. Midtown is the commercial center, with corporate headquarters, various media businesses, and world-class shopping along Fifth Avenue. Times Square and the Theater District just west of Midtown contain the world-famous theaters and numerous restaurants.
All are close to the city and offer relatively more living space, and all are experiencing verying degrees of economic and residential revival. Brooklyn shares the western end of Long Island with Queens, with excellent transportation service into the city by rail and subway and numerous beaches, parks and residential neighborhoods south and east towards the large JFK airport. White Plains is the largest city and a modern corporate center with large facilities for IBM and a number of companies relocating north from Manhattan.

Other suburbs give workers access to New York by freeway or by rail lines across the Hudson or to northern New Jersey. Numerous major-league teams play in the area, including the MLB Yankees and Mets, NBA Knicks, NFL Giants and Jets, and NHL Islanders and Rangers. The area is close to storm tracks, and most weather approaches from the west- producing higher summer and lower winter temperatures than would otherwise be expected in a coastal area.
Americans have been notably more violent than western Europeans since about the mid-to-late 19th century. Over time, hitting, knifing, and shooting came to seem (to most people) as vulgar as smelling from body odor or defecating in the castle hallway. And others argue – although it is difficult to confirm with hard data – that a cultural shift occurred, that increasing revulsion toward violence eventually spread into even the most violent communities and corners of the United States.
Some of it has to do with what happened in the black ghettos of the North: The population grew rapidly just when the well-paying blue-collar jobs for men were disappearing. However I think an inclusion of statistics regarding shootings and stabbings that don’t lead to death is important too, and not overly prohibitive. As a freelance journalist and fiction writer, she explores issues of class, labor, and gender in contemporary American life. Philip Cohen considers these questions and takes a look at the 2010 numbers in two great graphs.
Of the 152 crimes that happen every year in East Syracuse, nearly one-half occur less than one mile from home.
On the whole, the crime figures reflect a slight growth in crime over the last 6 years in East Syracuse.
Regardless of how the area is defined, New York is among the richest and most complex places to live in America. With the exception of older areas, such as Greenwich Village, the rest of the city follows an orderly grid pattern of avenues and streets laid out in 1811. Large skyscrapers dominate Lower Manhattan, then retreat as does hard bedrock to build on in those areas, then reemerges in Midtown. Surrounding Central Park, the Upper West and Upper East sides are predominantly residential, although both contain ample dining and shopping.
Ethnic diversity is strong in all boroughs, while Queens is reputedly the most ethnically diverse area in the country. Brooklyn is socioeconomically very diverse, with a mix of upscale, middle class and poorer areas, while Queens is more clearly identifiable as middle class.
Smaller but very upscale areas lie east along the Long Island Sound (Rye being an example) and north along the Hudson as the smaller towns of Tarrytown, Ossining and Croton-on-Hudson.
An extensive public transit system with subways and buses serves the urban core and links the boroughs.
Many residents don’t own cars and choose to depend on public transit or an occasional car rental. If the current trend continues, predicted crime numbers could hit almost two hundred for East Syracuse, New York in 2009.
The in-between area is dominated by older ethnic enclaves like Chinatown and Koreatown and the more famous artsy areas of Greenwich and Soho.
The Upper East Side also contains posh enclaves unaffordable for most, outstanding museums, and the designer boutiques of Madison Avenue.
Three major airports—La Guardia, Kennedy, and nearby Newark—provide air service domestically and abroad. The graph also shows that progress was hardly uniform, as there were many upswings of violence. And perhaps some of the upswing reflected a short-term cultural shift – maybe the baby boomers’ rejection of authority – that encouraged violence. The Upper West Side is dotted with large apartment buildings and is a favorite for working professionals and families. Surrounding the city are numerous recreation areas: Long Island beaches, the Poconos, the Hudson Valley, and the Jersey Shore, to name only a few.
Home prices there can be five to six times higher for comparable properties in surrounding boroughs. Manhattan and the inner boroughs are more likely to receive rain in winter while outlying areas get snow.
Spurts often coincide with wars and the aftermaths of war – notably having many demobilized soldiers, trained and armed fighters, roaming the land. Farther north above Central Park, neighborhoods start to decline, although Harlem is undergoing a rebirth.
Income differentials between wealthy workers and others are high, and overall the Buying Power Index is usually the worst in the country, suggesting that incomes don’t keep up with costs.

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