Easy model railroad scenery wallpaper,subway directions to new york botanical garden zurich,penn station new york old lady - 2016 Feature

24.08.2014
The hobby of model railroading is dedicated to constructing operating miniature scale models. It seems that getting started with scenery poses one of the most common road blocks to enjoying the hobby.
The best way to learn about making scenery is to start small and develop the necessary techniques in a manageable size before trying to completely scenic your entire layout. Step 2:?Since the station needed a raised platform, one was built in place using strip wood from our wood stores and the decking provided in the station kit. Step 3:?Static grass and gravel are added over the earth to add additional layers of texture to the base (See page S13 for more detailed information on how to apply static grass). Step 5:?The last step in finishing the station scene was to dry brush and weather some of the details.
Landscaping on your model railroad will really come alive when you use static grass as part of your ground cover.
Step 2: Since the grass applicator works by generating a static charge to be effective it will need to be grounded to the layout. Step 3: Spread the scenic cement mixture over the area that is to be covered with static grass.
Step 4: Vacuum up any loose grass from the area recently covered and lightly spray the area with an inexpensive pump hair spray (see photo at the beginning of this section). No one item brings a model railroad or diorama to life than the addition of realistic and detailed ground cover.
No one item brings a model railroad layout or diorama to life than the addition of realistic and detailed ground cover.
Adding ground cover consists of a series of steps where consecutive layers of color and texture are added to a scene.
The first layer of the ground cover process is accomplished by sealing and painting the competed terrain base. With the earth layer dry, it is time to move on to the next step but first one needs to choose a season.
In addition to the low ground cover, ballast, cinders and loose gravel are now added to the track work, lots and road ways.
Once dry, all of the elements were tied together with a dry brushed coat of light tan acrylic paint.
The last stage involves adding vehicles, people and placing buildings on the finished landscape. Permanently mounted scenes for home layouts can be successfully completed with primed and painted sheet rock, while portable pikes and modules have used nearly every type of material. A Little Nebulous:? While a sunny clear blue sky is great for rail fanning or taking a road trip, clouds inevitably show up on the horizon.
Purple Mountains: The illusion of far-off mountains is easily added in much the same manner as the clouds. Smoke and Mirrors: One frequently used technique to trick the eye and make a layout appear larger is to use a mirror mounted on the back drop. The Third Dimension:?Careful blending in low relief structures and scenery against the back drop will create the illusion of distance and depth.
One the most often overlooked scenic detailing projects is the painting and weathering of track work. Step 5:?Wet the entire track area with a fine misting spray bottle, then apply a thinned mixture of scenery cement one drop at a time over the ballast.
Step 7:?At this stage highlights are added by dry-brushing the entire right of way with light colored acrylic craft paint. Published: Friday, November 18, 2011There are a wide variety of easy to learn techniques that will make your model railroad scenery look realistic. Bonding scenery materials As you build up scenery materials, you can bond them in place by spraying them with a dilute mixture of adhesive from a household paint sprayer, as shown in fig. Painting rocks Most modelers use artist’s acrylics, usually out of tubes, for painting scenery. Washes and drybrushing Several special painting techniques will prove helpful when modeling.
The major difference that sets this hobby apart from the others is that the ultimate goal is to operate our railroad models in a realistic, animated scale recreation of the environment. Since most of us get started with a small, usually flat layout, the focus of this supplement will concentrate on tips that use some of the many new and easy to use products for adding ground cover along with some of the basic details to develop a fully sceniced layout or diorama display. One of the best ways that one can get started is to build small scenes that can later be incorporated in to a larger layout. A mixture of proprietary detail parts and prefinished figures are rounded out with the addition of a scratch built ball signal assembled from some string, Grandt Line HO scale 60” sheaves and strip wood. Work a transparent coat of Payne’s gray oil paint into the folds and crevices with a stiff brush.
Once dry, apply earth over the base by sifting loose material onto a coat of thinned scenic cement.
The easiest way to assure a positive ground is to drill a small hole at the edge of where the grass will be placed and insert a small screw to act as a grounding attachment.
This is easy obtained at most dollar stores and does not need to be the top of the line product. Regardless of the type of terrain, this relatively inexpensive step of the building process will do more to create the overall look of realism and scale fidelity to one’s own modeling.


Regardless of the type of terrain your railroad operates through, this relatively inexpensive step of the building process will do more to create the overall look of realism and scale fidelity to one’s modeling. This not only will provide consistent color should some of the later scenery items be chipped by handling but will also serve as a good base for scenery adhesives to adhere. While most modelers’ choose the height of summer, the wide array of seasonal scenery products currently available will allow for layouts to be effectively sceniced to represent every location and season.
For smaller scales, ground foam will work convincingly to achieve the proper appearance; however, in HO and larger scales this look is better captured using static grass products. This technique helps blend the colors of our base scenery and provides artificial highlights. A simple backdrop is also added to enhance the perception of size and depth to our 2’ by 4’ layout (See page S10 for more information about how to make easy and convincing backdrops for your layout). The back drop can be mounted at the rear of the bench work along the wall or can divide a layout into different scenes by acting as a scenic divider. Popular materials range from Masonite or large sheets of styrene to sealed and primed plywood. Apply the light blue color from the horizon line to about a third of the way up on the back scene. Clouds can easily be added either free hand or using cloud templates using a spray can of flat white or white primer. Photographs of buildings mounted on black foam core are quick and easy additions that will allow the modeler to create a convincing urban scene. Spraying the paint from either an aerosol can or airbrush is usually the easiest and quickest way to apply the paint, however, the track can also be painted with a brush with good results.
Apply a mask along the tracks and run a bead of scenery cement along the outside edge of the ties.
Click image for larger photo.Often folks look at photos of beautiful model railroads and assume right away that it's just too hard, they could never do it. The first is washes, wherein you flood an area with a thin solution of paint, using a large brush. Modelers used to have to laboriously build their own, and some still do, but realistic trees are now readily available from makers such as Plastruct, Noch, Heki, Woodland Scenics, Faller, and Busch. Once you have industries at which to pick up and deliver cars, your railroad has a reason to be.
In many ways this addition of the scenic component to our modeling allows the railroad hobby to be so engaging. This is a great way to learn how to use and apply the various products and decide which methods you like best. While static grass can be applied loose over a layer of scenic cement, superior results will be achieved by using an applicator tool. Over spray the scenic material with water mixed with a couple drops of dish washing detergent.
Once the glue has dried the screw is easily removed leaving a small unnoticeable hole that can easily be covered with a plant or other detail.
Happily, with the wide availability of scenery products, one doesn’t have to be an artist to create both attractive and believable scenery.
By working with an autumn palette of these products small HO scale ‘Branchville’ switching layout is set in the mid-Atlantic region in late autumn – early winter. Various heights and colors of static grasses and grass tufts were used to create Branchville’s fall fields.
The forest floor covered with deadfall and decades of fallen leaves is one often overlooked scenic element. There is a wide array of ready made trees available that replicate many seasonal types and species. Nicely planned and executed scenery not only provides a realistic environment for our models but also enhances even proprietary models straight from the box.
Many modelers shy away from adding a back scene to their layouts since they feel that a convincing one requires some kind of artistic ability. Feather in the medium blue increasing the hue as the paint is applied near the top of the scene. The secret for successful clouds is to lightly apply paint to let the blue sky show through rather than try to get full coverage.
Either mask off the outline of the mountains with painter’s tape and newsprint or use templates. Rock casting, clumps of foam and small trees affixed to a back scene are equally effective way to add perspective to a rural or mountainous scene.
The small amount of time that is spent on this project will yield dramatic results, even making sectional and flexible track look like a finely detailed model. The choice of color is up to you, as main line rails take on a some what greasy dark brown cast rather than the bright rusty rails found in sidings and branch lines.
Once the highlights are dry, clean the paint off the top of the rails and remove any excess ballast from the sides of the rails and in the flange ways (opposite top). Soils are lighter than you think, and layout lighting can’t approach the intensity of sunlight. A huge variety of model kits are available in every scale, for modelers of any skill level. If you don’t believe it, just sprinkle some green foam on a stretch of plywood next to the track, plop down a building and some trees, then run a train past.


Since nearly all of the popular scenery products follow an established color palette with complete instructions as to their proper application, there is little room for error. A Model A Ford was parked on the drive next to the station setting the time frame in the 1930s.
This tool sets up a static charge that causes the grass fibers to “stand up”?adding another dimension of realism. In addition to this base color we frequently use a spray spatter paint to add additional texture to the scenery base. Mix dark and light colors as well as greens, browns and tans to effectively capture the proper look. This can easily be replicated by applying a layer of ‘chopped leaves’ and small twigs to the forested areas. In addition to the bare trees, we were able to create some late fall trees using commercially available tree armatures with loosely applied poly fiber covered with a thin layer of brown and dark orange coarse foam.
For small jobs spray cans available from the craft store make quick work of coloring the sky, for larger jobs tinted cans of flat latex indoor house paint will cover a large area easily and inexpensively. As with the clouds, lightly spray the mountain color so that the sky color shows through to add depth and shading to the mountains.
Mirrors are more convincing if they are installed perpendicular to the scene that will be reflected.
Often spray spatter paint available from either a hobby shop or home improvement store will help add a layer of realism and finish to the right of way.
Certainly model railroading is a creative hobby and great model railroads approach works of art, but with today's materials and techniques you don't have to be an artist to be a model railroader. The versatility and ease of use of extruded foam board has made that method extremely popular with today’s modelers, so if you don’t have a preference, choose that.
This means that you can keep working without waiting for things to dry completely, and cleanup is fairly easy.) When painting rocks, begin with a thinned coat of white, though you can go straight to work with colors. But if you just want to get started quickly, a growing assortment of prebuilt structures from manufacturers including Wm.
Secondly, many hobbyists believe the materials are messy to use and techniques take years to master. A mixture of 75% glue with 25% water and a few drops of dish detergent or other wetting agent applied over the scene will hold the earth in place. These are available branded as Floquil Diorama Sprays from hobby retailers or in larger spray cans branded for several manufacturers from the local home improvement or hardware store. Saplings which are common along rights of way and highways are frequently overlooked in model form.
Once the blue sky is dry, one may stop at this stage or press on and add additional features to the scene. You’ll find a wide variety of quality scenery products, structures in kit form or ready-built, and many other details at any well-stocked hobby shop.You can make model railroad scenery using carboard strips and plaster soaked cloth or paper.
One word of caution, though: Foam board can give off toxic fumes when cut with a hot wire,   work in a very well ventilated area or stick to knives and Surform carving tools. Adding about a half-teaspoon of liquid dish soap to the mix will help the adhesive penetrate the scenery materials. Either let the castings set up in the molds and then glue them to the layout, or as the plaster is about to set, cast the rock in place by holding the mold to the layout.
For the most part stick with earth tones: burnt umber, raw umber, burnt sienna, and raw sienna.
This technique is useful not just for establishing a color base, but for bringing out details later in the painting process. A simple shop vac will handle any mess, and you’ll be pleasantly surprised to discover how easy the techniques to create realistic scenery can be.
Once the earth is applied over the glue, wet it with mist of water in a spray bottle, capillary action will draw the glue through out the layer of earth. These can easily be replicated using premade “foliage branches” placed in random groups on the layout. Click image for larger photo.Extruded foam insulation board also makes a good model railroad scenery base.
Brush the paint on, and then sprinkle on scenery materials immediately to take advantage of the paint’s adhesive quality. Otherwise, you can end up with a crust that breaks away, revealing loose materials underneath. After the base color has dried, apply a very thin wash of a dark color, which will settle into nooks and crannies and simulate natural shadows. You can use sifted real dirt, tiny rocks, ground-up leaves, or kitty litter, but the favorite material today is ground foam.This is foam rubber (just like in seat cushions), shredded and dyed. To glue scenery in small areas, spray on “wet” water (water with a drop of liquid detergent added), then apply the adhesive (mixed the same as for spraying) with an eyedropper.
You’ll also need some Titanium White and Mars Black to mix with other colors to lighten or darken them. A variety of grinds (from fine to coarse) and colors are available.Latex paint and matte medium are commonly used to bond model railroad scenery.



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