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The city has been a major crossroads over the last two centuries, first between the Erie Canal and its branch canals, then on the railway network. The land around Onondaga Lake had been inhabited by Native Americans for 4,000 to 5,000 years. During the 1640s, which were years of "troubling" battles between the French, Huron and Iroquois, many Jesuit priests were killed. On August 5, 1654, Father Simon LeMoyne, a Jesuit missionary, arrived in the Onondaga village. The British began to take an active interest in the land around Onondaga Lake in the early 1700s. As the Revolutionary War approached, both the British and the Americans sought Iroquois support. The result of the American Revolutionary War was the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784) enacted by the United States on October 22, 1784. In later years the Onondagas began selling their land in order to gain items brought by white men to the area. After the American Revolutionary War, more settlers came to the area, mostly to trade with the Onondaga Nation. In late 1788, after the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784), the Onondaga Nation relinquished part of their reservation including Onondaga Hollow to the local salt producers.
The ground upon which the city stands was originally part of the Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation. In 1804, an act was passed that directed the sale of 250 acres (1,010,000 m2) of the Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation for the purpose of "laying out and improving a road" running from lot 49, Manlius, to lot 38, Onondaga, east and west through the reservation. The original settlement went through several name changes until 1824, first 'Salt Point' (1780), then 'Webster's Landing' (1786), 'Bogardus Corners' (1796), 'Milan' (1809), 'South Salina' (1812), 'Cossits’ Corners' (1814), and 'Corinth' (1817). The village of Syracuse was laid out into streets and lots in 1819, but the first election of village officers did not occur until 1825.

Because of similarities such as a salt industry and a neighboring village named Salina, the name Syracuse was chosen by village planner, John Wilkinson,[11] after Syracuse, Sicily.
During the winter of 1847–48 discussions about the incorporation of the three villages, Salina, Lodi and Syracuse began.
The period between 1830 and the incorporation of the city in 1847 was one of remarkable growth in all directions in the village of Syracuse.
After the War of 1812, it became difficult to obtain salt from abroad and commercial salt production became an important Syracuse industry.
Jesuit missionaries visiting the region in the mid 17th century reported salty brine springs around the southern end of "Salt Lake", now Onondaga Lake.
The end result of the Revolutionary War was the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784) enacted by the United States on October 22, 1784. The New York City station was built in 1935 (pre-Arrasmith) across the street from Pennsylvania Station. Syracuse is at the intersection of Interstates 81 and 90, and its airport is the largest in the region.
The Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy consists of the Mohawks, the Senecas, the Onondagas, the Oneidas, and the Cayugas.
During his short stay, he drank from a spring that the Onondagas believed to be foul due to an evil spirit. Ephraim Webster left the Continental Army to settle in 1784, with Asa Danforth, another participant in the war. The land was now open to settlers and the natives were left with only hunting and fishing rights. James Geddes laid out the road in "rather an irregular form so that as much dry land might be secured as possible."[8] The land, now the central portion of the city, was purchased by Abraham Walton for $6,650[9] and the area was later named the Walton Tract.
A gristmill, called the old red mill, was erected in 1805 followed by a sawmill and tannery.

Those going from Onondaga to Salina were obliged to pass around the area on the high ground east of the city "over by-ways" cut in every direction through the reservation for collecting wood in the winter for the salt works. At the time of incorporation, the village had 15 merchants, one newspaper, a fire department, and several small industries.[9] The first schoolhouse was erected in 1820, the first church (Baptist) was built in 1821, and the First Presbyterian Church in 1824. A British agent, William Johnson, acquired 200,000 acres (810,000,000 m2) of land in the Mohawk country near present-day Johnstown, New York. Comfort Tyler, whose engineering skill contributed to regional development, arrived four years later. Postal Service rejected the name Corinth upon its application for a post office, stating there was already a post office by this name in New York.
The first grist mill occupied the ground where Syracuse High School later stood, also the site of Central High School.
It is the economic and educational hub of Central New York, a region with over a million inhabitants.
In 1751, Johnson heard that the French intended on securing a military post in the vicinity of the salt springs. All three settled in Onondaga Hollow south of the present city center at the head of Onondaga Lake, which was then marshy.
Syracuse is well provided with convention sites, with a downtown convention complex and, directly west, the Empire Expo Center, which hosts the annual Great New York State Fair. He discussed the consequences of that action with the Onondagas and proposed that they grant him rights to all of Onondaga Lake and a two-mile (3 km) band of land around it. The city derives its name from Siracusa on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.

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