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Jewish prisoners were treated like cattle; packed tightly into cattle trucks and locked inside for days as the trains travelled to camps across Europe.
These prisoners are being packed into open trains for their journey to Chelmno; little do they know that it will be their final journey.
These Jewish prisoners have just arrived at Auschwitz Birkenau at the end of their journey from Hungary. The packed railway wagons would often be shunted around from one railway siding to another for days on end, and for what must have seemed like an eternity.
Eventually, after days of travelling in the most cramped conditions, the railway carriages arrived at a camp.
Under German guidance, the Hungarian authorities decreed all Jews should wear the yellow star of David. The Warsaw ghetto uprising - Jewish fighters resisted the German attempt to liquidate the Warsaw ghetto.
In the Netherlands, Jews were required to wear a yellow Star of David on their outer clothing. Former inmates who were transported by train from Bergen-Belsen were photographed in Farsleben, Germany, shortly after their liberation by U.S. BALTIMORE (JTA) — Frank Towers, even at 96, still recalls the stench of the prisoner train when its doors were opened nearly seven decades ago. Once the doors were opened, the prisoners “just fell out,” said Towers, a first lieutenant and now a resident of Brooker, Fla., near Gainesville. The post-Holocaust lives led by those whom Frank Towers, pictured here in 2006, and his U.S. Now Towers is determined to find the approximately 700 former prisoners he estimates could still be alive today from the 2,500 liberated by his unit. On May 18, 2011, a reunion in Rehovot, Israel, drew 50 of the train’s passengers and more than 400 of their descendants.

Mostly they were foreign nationals, with many holding entry documents to prestate Israel and South American and other countries.
The convoy required several round trips to transport everyone late that afternoon and evening. Eventually the survivors established new lives elsewhere and Towers returned to his hometown of St. The Tugendhafts became wealthy as owners of duty-free shops at Amsterdam’s Schipol Airport. Towers evinces pride relating the names of the Jews who became surgeons in Jerusalem and in London, and engineers, lawyers, teachers, businesspeople and housewives. Last April 11, the flag representing the 30th Infantry Division assumed a place of honor during the National Days of Remembrance ceremony, an annual event commemorating the Holocaust at the U.S. The flag, which now hangs at the museum, does not honor the heroism of Towers and his compatriots in Farsleben.
According to Luckert, only divisions that liberated inmates in concentration camps qualify for the honor. Talking about his unit’s efforts in Farsleben, Towers said, “We were trained to fight a war. SPONSORED: "Why Be Jewish?" Edgar Bronfman's clarion call to a generation of secular, disaffected and unaffiliated Jews. Hillel Kuttler in 2011 launched "Seeking Kin," his now-thrice-monthly column on people searching for long-lost relatives and friends.
Individuals, families and whole communities together with their personal belongings were packed into cattle trucks. They did not know where they were going, the length of the journey or what would happen to them when they eventually arrived at their destination.The conditions on the journey were appalling. Many of the very young, the old and the sick would die because of the inhumane conditions during the journey.

The doors of the carriages would be pulled open to give the prisoners their first glimpse of daylight, at a place they had never seen before. Army’s 30th Infantry Division, to which Towers belonged, freed prisoners from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany who had been packed onto a train 40 to 50 cars long bound for Theresienstadt. The escapees soon encountered a reconnaissance group from the 30th and led the soldiers to the train, where the remaining guards surrendered.
A woman in Australia responded first, and “the whole thing snowballed” from there, he said.
They were held for future exchange with the Allies for German prisoners of war and lived in far better conditions than other camp inmates. Others freed from the train made their marks, too, like Warsaw native Micha Tomkiewicz, a physics professor at New York’s Brooklyn College. Instead, the division is recognized for its liberation the day before of Weferlingen, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany.
They had been on the train for six days before it was stopped at a railway siding in Farsleben over a bureaucratic dispute. He attended college and in 1950 moved to Florida, where he worked as an office manager at the University of Florida.
In February, some of the survivors plan to attend the 30th Division’s reunion in Savannah, Ga.
Those requiring treatment, including for typhus, were taken to three buildings in Farsleben and nearby Hilersleiben that became ad-hoc hospitals. Army Center for Military History determined in late 2012 that members of the division had liberated Holocaust survivors.

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