Model railroad planning tools,n scale model train starter sets,new york city queens bus map nyc - Step 1

31.12.2013
As you continue on your tour, you will move alongside the Mississippi River as it flows beneath the high river bluffs of southeastern Minnesota. Model Scenery and Structure uses our Design Inquiry Form and active ongoing interaction with you to develop track and design plans that meet your layout objectives. The Bench Plan, Final Design Plan, and Wiring Plan along with the Switchboard Diagram for Computer Control may be incorporated in the Layout Plan Set. Full Size Plan Prints are available from Model Scenery and Structure.  These prints are modified to show track, turnouts, switch machines and key elements like roadways, signals, buildings, water features etc. Bench Plan    The Bench Plan is based on an open frame design that supports the layout deck.
The Wiring Plan is a detailed diagram, or schematic, detailing track, turnout and component wiring for a DCC or DC operating system. Computer Control for hands free automatic operation can be integrated in your DCC layout plans! Model Scenery and Structure can prepare the Switchboard Diagram and configure the components in the software program to get your trains rolling . You may have noticed when traveling on a highway in hilly country that nearby railroad tracks do not follow the terrain as closely as the highway does.
Railroad grades are measured in the percentage of rise over distance traveled; a rise in elevation of one foot per 100 feet traveled would be a 1% grade (see Figure 1). Going back to Figure 1 it’s good to note that model railroaders can use much steeper grades than prototypical railroads.
In the case of one track crossing another, no matter what scale you are modeling, there are several measurements you must make to calculate the grade you have to use to achieve your purpose (see Figure 3).
Figure 4b: Make sure you measure your tallest rolling stock if the crossover is on a mainline.
Adding a safety factor to your maximum car height gives you your minimum clearance needed for one train to pass beneath another. But, the height the train must climb to give you the minimum clearance is actually railhead to railhead.
Adding these figures together, is shows we have a total track run of 212.25” before our first crossover, more than enough to reach our minimum height at a 5% grade.
Next we need to create risers to put under the roadbed of the grade track to lift it to its intended height (see Figure 6). Remember to cut two of each riser, since the track must descend after it crosses over the lower track, and as many of the tallest ones needed to support the track as it travels at maximum rise. Figure 7 shows the risers placed under the roadbed of the 54” loop of our O Gauge Project Layout, raising the track to the point it crosses the lower tracks of the 42” return loop. Grades create an area of interest on a model railroad layout and add to operational interest. Back in 1978 it was mentioned by Alan Garside during the first AGM that the club should model Ramsbottom Station and surrounding area’s. The first thing the members of the club decided was to get an idea of what the layout and area was like.
They decided to model Ramsbottom Station to scale with all features of the past and all track work on the O.S Map, this was possible upto a certain point for example there were 50 sidings in Ramsbottom sidings which they decided they would have 9 which with the new extension we now have 15, This gives us more space to store stock ready for the program and other shunting needs. The layout is a giant oval or as other people call it a tail chaser, this makes it a lot easier for running rather than having an end to end. The up line starts in the fiddle yard, heads out of Nuttall Tunnel, past Nuttall Park where you have access into Ramsbottom goods shed, then into Ramsbottom Station, from there it heads towards Stubbins on a embankment that goes up in height, along this embankment you have access to the coal sidings and loops, from there it can either head up towards Rawtenstall or towards Accrington which either way head back into the fiddle yard for another run around. The down line starts in the fiddle yard, heads past Stubbins Station from either Accrington line or Rawtenstall line and heads off down the embankment when you have access to the loops and the joining from Ramsbottom Sidings, after that the line heads into Ramsbottom Station, just after the station you have access to Ramsbottom Station Goods yard complete with paper mill sidings, after that it heads past Nuttall park, through Nuttall Tunnel and into the fiddle yards where there is a point to go into the Accrington or main line parts. Left to Right :- Shows a view looking down Bridge Street towards Ramsbottom Station and a birds eye view of Ramsbottom Cricket Club. All of the buildings on the layout have been scratch built from pictures, photographs, books, ariel views, new maps, old maps and memory.
The layout has 5 Gauge Master Controllers that powers 2 front boards, 2 back boards and 1 board for the sidings. Each house, mill and building on the layout included street lights are powered by AC and DC 12v lights. The layout includes the following Streets :- Bridge Street, Garden Street, Peel Brow, Kenyon Street, Railway Street and Bolton Road North.
As you leave the river behind, you will come to Mattlin – our quintessential rural Minnesota town.


Many plans you see look great on paper but when laid out full size in the defined space fall short of acceptable standards. These plans reflect your railway operating preferences with integrated space allocation for structural elements. All track and design plans will comply with NMRA standards for turn radius (with easements and super elevation), centerline spacing, grades (with transitions), turnout sizes and any other applicable standards. The Basic Track Plan provides adequate information to produce a functional and reliable layout.
The initial fee, starting around $100??, depending on the size of your proposed layout, is applied toward the cost of the Layout Plan Set if you choose to proceed with the project.  The Basic Track Plan fee is determined after we have had a chance to review the completed Design Inquiry Form and discuss he project with you directly. The Final Design Plans will use the Basic Track Plan as a starting point.  All track, turnouts and track elements will be located on the Final Design Plan and specified in detail. Foam can be used in lieu of wire and plaster.  The open frame bulkhead fabrication can be compared to building a boat upside down. Model Scenery and Structure will develop and configure your Switchboard Diagram for computer train control.
If you find something of value here, please "pay it forward" and help us keep the site operating by a secure donation through PayPal (PayPal account is not required), or by shopping with our advertisers. While the road may go up and down repeatedly, the railroad track instead follows a much more gentle up and down path, with earthen fills or bridges over the lowest elevations and cuts through the highest points in the terrain. Among prototype railroads, this would be a steep grade for all but those railroads traversing tall mountain regions. But probably the most common reason for a grade on a model railroad layout is that, due to limited space, our tracks must cross over one another as we bend them to fit the space available.
A 1% grade on most model railroads, because our trains tend to be much shorter and our cars much lighter proportionally, is not a steep grade. This distance includes not only your minimum clearance, but the thickness of your roadbed and the height of the track on the upper level. With O Gauge track, the 54” measures the diameter of the circle those tracks would make (in other scales, size of the curve indicates the radius of the circle those tracks would make). Since we don’t have a complete circle, it helps us to know that it takes 16 pieces of 54” diameter track to complete a circle. Given this extra distance we could create a transitional grade of 2.5% on the first and last 10” of our track to ease the change from level to grade track.
As these risers fit between “ground level” and the bottom of the roadbed of our grade track; at full height, they will be our “minimum clearance height” of 8”, which we discussed earlier. If you have an adjustable miter saw, you can cut the top of each riser at the angle of the grade at that point, either 2.5% or 5%, for a better fit, or you can just use shims between the riser and roadbed on the high side.
With the formulas provided here you have a jumping off point to add much more interest to your model railroad layout.
This was agreed by all the members present at that time and this set the ball in motion to create the layout. Apart from most members living in Ramsbottom, They also used old O.S maps borrowed from Ramsbottom library and making a larger plan on paper to put onto the base boards. Members were able to aquire these items from libraries, Heritage Centre’s, Pubs, The East Lancashire Railway and more. The 2 back boards and the sidings boards have their points controlled by a live probe method.
The mechanics to it as so delicate that if the gears slips you sometimes find you have one gate not shut and thats when accidents happen. But due to the confined space some areas have had to be squeezed up together to make it possible to run. Mattlin is named after one of our early members and is particularly soulful during our famous Night Trains show when its streets and buildings are dimly lit with its own soft lighting.
It was located where the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Building is today – at the edge of the Mississippi River on the west side Hennepin Avenue. Model Scenery and Structure can also rework, or cleanup, a plan or sketch you may already have and bring it up to standards.  Strict adherence to NMRA standards assures solid layout design and most importantly reliable train operation. Roadways, water features, structures, bridges, tunnel portals etc. will also be located and detailed. This is because a railroad locomotive, pulling a much heavier load than an automobile or semi-truck, depends on the friction of its steel wheels on steel rails for its pulling power. As an example of what a challenge to railroad operations a grade introduces, to keep its grades at no more than 0.5% on its route along the upper Potomac River in the hill country of western Maryland, the Western Maryland Railway went to the expense of building miles of retaining wall, six multi-span bridges, two creek crossings, a number of concrete culverts, and three tunnels over a distance of less than 35 miles.


And an O gauge model railroad will often utilize even steeper grades than even most “scale” model railroads – as much as 5% on the mainline (confused about the difference between “scale” and “gauge”? This is about an 8-inch clearance from “ground level” of our plywood base to the bottom of upper roadbed. If you have the pieces, you can assemble them and then run a string down the center rail, and then measure the string (be careful not to stretch the string when measuring it). The gauge they had decided was to be 00 gauge as it seemed a reasonable size scale and one that was generally most common at the time.
Most of the building were built by Alan Garside and members from the past but lately with the new extension, Alan Garside has been making the Mills and Keith Cragg has been making the houses. The 2 front boards have a different arrangement for their points, these are controlled by toggle switches with confirm buttons. We have had a few accidents with a few replacement gates being needed as a train vs a level crossing gate is no match. These all use grain of wheat bulbs with the older type needing 100 Ohm resisters where are the newer type already have them built in. Seldom does a plan fit your exact space, accomplish the track operations you want or meet your expectations for scenery and structural elements. Support legs or cabinetry with a power component module or control panel are included in the plan. Used in conjunction with the Digitrax™ DCC components your layout can operate manually, automatically or both simultaneously.
It simply cannot climb as steep a hill as a lighter road vehicle traveling on rubber tires. Even this grade would have required the use of “helper” locomotives added to trains heavy coal trains along this route. However, make sure if it’s a mainline crossing that you measure the height of your tallest rolling stock (see Figure 4b). Remember, our first and last 10” of track rise at only 2.5% as a transition from level to grade track.
All the buildings you see in our pictures are all made from a type of wood called Balsa wood which in turn is covered with brick, stone and slate paper added to create effect and realism. We also have working signals that  will activate when points are changed with signal lights adding to the effect. Each set of lamps has a transformer to a section these are 230v-12v types and in some areas under the layout are clipper controllers used for there outputs.
If you have a design in mind, or sketched out, you may have experienced difficulty getting all the pieces to fit.
All cutting dimensions and a complete material list are provided to simplify bench fabrication.  The bench can be designed for modular fabrication should you plan to relocate or add to the layout in the future. Gauge page – however in this use, I make the distinction between model railroaders looking to reproduce very-close-to-scale layouts as opposed to an O or S Gauge “toy” train layout, even a realistic one like our O Gauge Model Railroad Project). DC system schematics for track power, block power control, turnout control and auxiliary modules for signals, sound and train control via sensors called for in the Basic Track Plan or Final Design Plans are included in the DC Wiring Plan.
The Switchboard components are configured to define each block, detection section, transponder zone, turnout, turntable, signal, sound module and all other digital components included in your layout. Most “scale” model railroad layouts would only use a 5% or higher grade as a deliberate challenge to operations to mimic mountain railroading.
The design, configuration and wiring schematic for the DCC component boards or the DC control panel are included in the wiring plan.
To calculate the height of our second riser, we need to start with the height of our first riser, and add to that.
Below is a table showing the height of each riser needed to reach the height we calculated to cross over another track. This plan saves time and allows for efficient use of wire in the correct gauge run to the correct connection points.



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