Model railroad scales sizes,where to buy hornby train sets ebay,n gauge model trains melbourne youtube,penn flyer ggauge train set - Step 3

07.03.2014
Kemtron, Picard, and many others still fascinate collectors and a few dedicated modelers ("retro-modelers") today.
This scale is also sometimes referred to in print as American 00 with two zeros, but most sources back in the day and today call it American OO (pronounced "double oh").
Z scale is about 2? times smaller than HO!  In Z scale, a scale ?-mile is exactly (and only) 6 feet; in other words, a mile is only 24 feet! Then, to further confuse matters, some manufacturers have made figures a bit larger than the stated scale - so, "ya pays yer money and ya takes yer chances"! Basically, the Scale of a Model refers to the size of the Model in comparison to the real item that it models. Apart from the obvious size characteristics, Scale also implies other things, such as manufacturing limitations, realism and also has practical implications. Introduced by Marlin in the early 1970’s, this was the smallest commercially available scale for many years. Even today, Marklin remains the only major company making a complete range of Z-scale products, though at least one other manufacturer makes the trains and several make scenic accessories. The rails of the track are spaced 9mm apart, the real rails being spaced the same as for Z-scale. Arguably the most common model railway scale in the world, HO Scale remains one of the most important commercial scales and is very popular in most countries.
Note that the real-world equivalent spacing of the rails varies with scale, but then so did train tracks vary with place and era. The minimum turn radius of 24″ (610mm) corresponds to a startling 14m scaled, although it is acknowledged at a lot of rolling stock modelling longer items will not handle the minimum radius. A Number on Specialized Scales have been adopted by modellers seeking prototypical dimensions.
Realism here refers to how closely a Scale resembles the real-world operational characteristics. Keep in mind that limits are not firm; as the turn gets tighter and tighter, more and more rolling stock becomes unable to negotiate the turn, or the length of train that can make the turn gets shorter and shorter.
These are just some of the issues when we truly start to consider prototypical layout design and operations, and we will discuss this further in another article. Sometimes model train scales and gauges are used interchangeably to describe Model Railroad Trains.
This little set (still intact in its original box) I enlarged over a short period of time with odds and ends of secondhand Italian "Rivarossi" stuff. The Helsinki Model Railroad Club has a fantastically detailed layout, with accurately modeled Finnish engines & rolling stock, period buildings etc.
The track gauge also dictates the size of the entire layout, because you must be careful not to make the curves so tight that the rolling stock has difficulty following them.
Isn't it strange how so many of the great animators working at the Disney Studio during animation's golden age were railroad hobbyists?
Turnouts are driven by a capacitor pulse that ensures sufficient energy for the short time needed to set the turnout. Electrically, this layout is run on "separate half-wave pulse modulated DC", which means I can run two engines (each equipped with a diode inside) independently, provided they run in different directions. Covering the plywood supports with cardboard and thick aluminum foil gave me a good base for the landscape.
Note that there are two small "hills" on top of the large hill - these are covers for openings that enable me to rescue a train that might have derailed in the tunnels! Painting with acrylics (animation cel paint, actually!) mixed with a little sawdust gave me the right texture.
For landscaping, more sawdust, natural stones and lichen which I colored in a mixture of water color and glycerine. I made trees by twisting together thin, soft copper wire for roots, trunks and branches, painted them brown, and then glued colored sawdust to the branches as foliage.


There are a few "Hall-element" magnetic transducers under the track, and small magnets under each train's first car that makes the layout automatic: The lights go red, one train stops at the station, until the other clears the 3-turnout area - then the light goes green and the first train can continue. It is interesting and challenging to photograph any miniature model - you have to know your camera equipment well, and be familiar with the pitfalls of depth of field, camera shake, etc.
I prefer to use 35mm 100 ASA slide film, mostly using a macro-focusing 24-48mm wide angle zoom lens (wide angle lenses give better perspective and greater depth of field). I have a large picture file (250 K, 600x800, high quality JPG) on a separate page, a miniature on the right. I have also shot 3-dimensional pictures of the layout, one example can be found on my 3-D page.
The pictures were scanned (with a Minolta Dimage Dual scanner) from negatives taken in very weak light with a Minolta Vectis S-1 APS camera loaded with 200 ASA print film. The lighting inside the houses is simple: I used ordinary flashlight bulbs (a few each in series), and some transparent paper in the windows for diffusion.
The street lights are yellow, "diffuse" type, 3 mm diameter LEDs mounted on pieces of thin but stiff plastic tubing.
Did you know that there are hundreds, perhaps thousands, of different stamps with railroad motifs?
This is the equivalent of having a real-world, full-size track that turns with a radius of 54m, when scaled up.
This is the equivalent of having a real-world, full-size track that turns with a radius of 33m, when scaled up. Tighter turns would require a more acute angle between the axes of subsequent coaches, and buffers or coupling mechanics reach the end of their travel. Note the "joystick" type engineer's control handle (wooden dart with suction cup) - quite advanced for 1954! N scale is also becoming more common, thanks to its smaller size, and is provided by several manufacturers. The scales on these gauges vary, sometimes the rolling stock is modelled on narrow-gauge prototypes, which means the scale is larger than for "ordinary" gauge prototypes. Here's a scale model of the Tk3, displayed at the Finnish Railway Museum, in Hyvinge, less than an hour's drive north of Helsinki. Ward Kimball, Ollie Johnston, Carl Fallberg, to name just a few - oh, and let's not forget Walt Disney himself! A layout with nice possibilities needs several concentric loops of tracks plus landscaping, hills, tunnels, bridges etc. As you can see, I have economized and used a minimum amount of the rather expensive turnouts. To learn how I shot these video clips (with a sugar-cube sized video camera), go to the "Mini video camera"-page.
I can park a train on the inner one of the tracks that run over the hills, or on the inner loop.
It is important that the painted surfaces look a bit rough - there are no enamel-smooth cliffs in nature!
I've spent many hours looking for interesting camera angles, choosing the right lens & lighting when photographing my layout.
The best lighting is natural window light or electronic flash ("bounced" via ceiling or wall) to avoid harsh shadows - sometimes using a large white cardboard as a reflector to lighten up the shadow side. It shows the entire layout from an angle not seen on this page, so if you don't mind the little wait, click to enlarge! However, this special camera lacks any focusing mechanism (hard to construct on a revolving-lens camera), so I had to use a close-up diopter lens, which doesn't give the best possible results - because of the rotating optics and the distortion introduced by the diopter, there is a slight horizontal smear even on those parts of the image that ought to be in perfect focus.
I added the sky and corrected the colors on my Mac - the pictures originally had a very strong orange hue, due to the overhead artificial light which I dimmed to barely a glow.
The LEDs are bent on their leads to a horizontal position, and painted with silver paint on the top, to simulate the reflectors of real street lights.


I built some houses from plastic "Faller" kits and a few of my own design of painted cardboard. Engines of the 5" (127 mm) gauge are usually 1:12 scale, and can often pull a train of half a dozen or more adult passengers - see below! At the museum, there are several restored old locomotives on display, click here for a page with a few pictures of them.
A standard "HO"-scale layout of the functionality I wanted would have required four or five square meters of space - one third of the room! They really look much better than the molded plastic trees you can buy, and are a lot cheaper and really fun to do. The f-stop must be as small as practically possible to get enough depth of field, so this means long exposure times with the camera on a tripod. The leads are connected to thin wires, well insulated, going through the tube (which is pushed into a drilled hole) and emerging on the underside of the the plywood base, where all connections are made. Stamps are small works of art - I spent a whole evening with a loupe, looking at the ones I bought!
This means that for every 48 feet of the real prototype, The Model Train is equal to one foot. From this I can deduce that it must have been made pretty soon after WWII, in what later was called West Germany. This time around, I scrapped the idea of a shelf around the walls - the railroad must be protected from dust, too.
In this picture, the track is laid out for the first test run, to make sure the grades were not too steep for the tiny engines. The original slides are of course much sharper than you can see here, since I've had to compress the pictures quite heavily when scanning & putting them on the web server (otherwise you'd fallen asleep waiting for the pictures to load).
Of course, I've connected several LEDs in series, and added a suitable series resistor to keep the current around 10 mA - otherwise the LEDs would burn out. Here are just a few examples from different countries: Isle of Man (British Commonwealth), former Chechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, Poland, Norway, India, Germany and Burma. These are usually logging operations or those in mountainous areas that have special needs.
This motorcycle toy (click to enlarge) has intriguing wind-up action: The rider stands beside the cycle, rises up on it, kick-starts, and then runs and steers the motorcycle in a circle. The image immediately above is in fact a enlargement of only a part of a slide which contains almost the whole layout - see small image at right. After just a few years, I had to tear down the shelves when my other activities in the mid-60's (such as magic tricks, chemical experiments, photography and finally animation) required more space.A few of my friends did keep their layouts operational well into their teens and even 20's, until they too had to pack them down for storage.
However, since the pulse is very short, the coils cannot overheat (the "resting" current of 15 milliamps through the charging resistor does not generate any appreciable heat and is thus small enough to be ignored).
One had his layout on a large board that he could hoist to the ceiling of his bedroom with rope and blocks. The capacitor is charged and ready for action within 2-3 seconds after a previous switching. If so, please email me!As you know, there are several different scales and gauges for model railroads.
This system insures effective and rapid switching of the turnout, and can be applied to other DC operated systems, too. Attend a train convention or a local Model Railroading Club and compare the Scales before you make a decision.




Katy perry new york city 2014
Subway map new york to jfk subway
Diecast model cars for sale australia review
New york penn station redesign



Comments to «Model railroad scales sizes»

  1. Ragim4ik writes:
    For the car, that is the layouts are operated by volunteers, and on Thursday evenings.
  2. vrednyu4aya writes:
    And I can not think your Thomas & Pals Wooden Railway.
  3. surac writes:
    Island Quarry train adventures Thomas and friends wooden railway set.