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01.11.2013
The name Manhattan derives from the word Manna-hata, as written in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen (Half Moon).[13] A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River (later named the Hudson River). New York County is one of seven counties in the United States to share the same name as the state in which they are located (the other six counties are Arkansas County, Hawaii County, Idaho County, Iowa County, Oklahoma County, and Utah County).
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch colonial city of New Amsterdam in 1660 - then confined to the southern tip of Manhattan Island. A permanent European presence in New Netherland began in 1624 with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island. The Dutch Republic regained it in August 1673 with a fleet of 21 ships, renaming the city "New Orange". A prelude to organized colonial opposition to British rule, the Stamp Act Congress of representatives from across the Thirteen Colonies was held in New York City in 1765. Manhattan was at the heart of the New York Campaign, a series of major battles in the early American Revolutionary War.
From January 11, 1785 to the fall of 1788, New York City was the fifth of five capitals under the Articles of Confederation, with the Continental Congress meeting at New York City Hall (then at Fraunces Tavern).
New York grew as an economic center, first as a result of Alexander Hamilton's policies and practices as the first Secretary of the Treasury and, later, with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the Midwestern United States and Canada. Tammany Hall, a Democratic Party political machine, began to grow in influence with the support of many of the immigrant Irish, culminating in the election of the first Tammany mayor, Fernando Wood, in 1854. The rate of immigration from Europe grew steeply after the Civil War, and New York became the first stop for millions seeking a new life in the United States, a role acknowledged by the dedication of the Statue of Liberty on October 28, 1886, a gift from the people of France.[38][39] The new European immigration brought further social upheaval. In 1883, the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge established a road connection across the East River. United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the former World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.


The construction of the New York City Subway, which opened in 1904, helped bind the new city together, as did additional bridges to Brooklyn. On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in Greenwich Village killed 146 garment workers.
The period between the World Wars saw the election of reformist mayor Fiorello La Guardia and the fall of Tammany Hall after 80 years of political dominance.[46] As the city's demographics stabilized, labor unionization brought new protections and affluence to the working class, the city's government and infrastructure underwent a dramatic overhaul under La Guardia. The 1980s saw a rebirth of Wall Street, and the city reclaimed its role at the center of the worldwide financial industry. Located primarily on the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River, the borough is conterminous with New York County, an original county of the state of New York. It is also one of the wealthiest counties in the United States, with a 2005 per capita income above $100,000.[3] Manhattan is the third-largest of New York's five boroughs in population, and its smallest borough in land area. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano - sailing in service of the French king Francis I - was the first European to visit the area that would become New York City.
Ward's statue of George Washington in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, on the site where Washington was inaugurated as the first U.S.
The Congress resulted in the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, the first document by a representative body of multiple colonies to assert the concept popularly known as "no taxation without representation". The organization participated in a long-term confrontation with British authorities over liberty poles that were alternately raised by the Sons of Liberty and cut down by British authorities. The Continental Army was forced to abandon Manhattan after the disastrous Battle of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776.
New York was the first capital under the newly enacted Constitution of the United States, from March 4, 1789 to August 12, 1790 at Federal Hall.[34] The United States Supreme Court sat for the first time, the United States Bill of Rights were drafted and ratified, and the first steps of adding states to the Union with the passage of the Northwest Ordinance all took place there. In a city of tenements packed with poorly paid laborers from dozens of nations, the city was a hotbed of revolution, syndicalism, racketeering, and unionization.


In 1874, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County from Westchester County, and in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was annexed.[40] In 1898, when New York City consolidated with three neighboring counties to form "the City of Greater New York", Manhattan and the Bronx, though still one county, were established as two separate boroughs.
In the 1920s, Manhattan experienced large arrivals of African-Americans as part of the Great Migration from the southern United States, and the Harlem Renaissance, part of a larger boom time in the Prohibition era that included new skyscrapers competing for the skyline. Despite the Great Depression, some of the world's tallest skyscrapers were completed in Manhattan during the 1930s, including numerous Art Deco masterpieces that are still part of the city's skyline today, most notably the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, and the GE Building. The 1980s also saw Manhattan at the heart of the AIDS crisis, with Greenwich Village at its epicenter.
It is the cultural and economic center of New York City and the New York metropolitan area, hosting the seat of city government and a large portion of the area's employment, business, and entertainment activities. It was also the first time the colonies cooperated for a unified political aim, and laid the foundation for the Continental Congresses that followed years later.
The skirmishes ended when the revolutionary New York Provincial Congress took power in 1775. The city became the British political and military center of operations in North America for the remainder of the war.[32] Manhattan was greatly damaged by the Great Fire of New York during the British military rule that followed. The organizations Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC) and AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) were founded to advocate on behalf of those stricken with the disease. The original city of New York began at the southern end of Manhattan, expanded northward, and then between 1874 and 1898, annexed land from surrounding counties. As a result, residents of New York City's other boroughs such as Brooklyn and Queens often refer to a trip to Manhattan as "going to the city",[9] despite the comparable populations between those boroughs, and the fact that these boroughs are also part of the city proper.



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Comments to «New york city police department emerald society»

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  2. Princ_Na_Cernom_BMW writes:
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