New york city subway brooklyn xpress,model train store connecticut yankee,woodland school district 86 - How to DIY

08.01.2014
New York Daily News New York City Subway System: A look back at its beginnings New York City Subway Construction New York Citya€™s subway system, the heart and pulse of the Big Apple, opened on Oct. The Guastavino family’s soaring tile vaults grace many of the nation’s most iconic structures including Grand Central Terminal, the Cathedral of St.
Yet the name, the accomplishments, and the architectural legacy of this single family of first-generation Spanish immigrants are virtually unknown. Their patented vaulting techniques made it possible for the greatest architects of the day to create the breathtakingly beautiful spaces that represent the nation’s highest ideals and aspirations. At the time it was built, the two biggest train corporations servicing New York City were in cutthroat competition with each other. One of the things the two companies attempted to outdo each other with was the grandeur of their main train stations in New York City.
These ceilings grace landmarks that include state capitols, Grand Central Terminal and Carnegie Hall — as well as some more ordinary buildings. Built in 1916, the firehouse has bright red doors, gleaming trucks and a narrow, gently arched ceiling over the entryway. One of the most gorgeous examples of Guastavino skill was for the very first subway line in New York City. What Rafael and Rafael Guastavino did — yes, dad and son had the same first name — was to take Old World building techniques they’d learned in Barcelona and update them for the New World. Ochsendorf, who teaches architecture and engineering at MIT, says at the peak of its success, the Guastavino Company had offices in 12 cities across the country. One gallery at the National Building Museum reveals the precision and craftsmanship of their work.
Thin, thin ceramic tiles, set in cement mortar and layered — five layers, one on top of another like an exotic cake.


The Guastavinos designed stunning private spaces, too, for Rockefellers, Astors and Vanderbilts. He’s inviting everyone to join the hunt — to look for artistically placed thin, colored tile, arranged in vaults, and to let him know what they find. A Celebration of Women™ Foundation Inc., was born to shape a better world through building residential homes that are mandated to enable the education of young women, support self sustainable programs, graduating future women leaders. We have the largest print-on-demand fulfillment network in the world with 15 manufacturing centers in five different countries. If you can't find the answers to your question on our FAQ page, please submit a support ticket, and our staff will respond to your question(s) right away. Not only did the Guastavinos help build many great American public spaces between 1881 and 1962, they also revolutionized American architectural design and construction. Grand Central Terminal opened to the public on February 2, 1913, more than two years after Pennsylvania Station opened. In the 1980s and early 1990s, some 80 years of pollution (from the vehicle exhaust to tobacco smoke) were scrubbed down, revealing to a new generation Paul Cesar Helleu’s beautiful astronomical ceiling.
The New York Central Railroad and Pennsylvania Railroad were blatantly trying to outdo each other on everything from amenities on board to the sheer numbers of routes to the number of miles of rail crisscrossing the country (at least east of the Mississippi). The Pennsylvania Railroad was working on their Pennsylvania Station near 34th Street and the New York Central was feverishly attempting to keep up. During the height of the railroad age, these railroad corporations had the money and wherewithal to invest heavily in their infrastructure this way. One of them is Engine Number 3, a small brick firehouse not far from the Capitol Building — where yes, they still slide down one of those shiny brass poles. The underside of the arch is lined with white tiles arranged in a ziggy-zaggy herringbone pattern.


But that little entryway ceiling has some distinctive touches — the tiles, the pattern — that are being noticed with no little respect at the nearby National Building Museum.
Photographs, diagrams, drawings and scale models show the beauty and breadth of the work work of the Guastavino family — some one thousand vaults and domes and ceilings in 40 states.
MIT’s Ochsendorf, who curated the Building Museum exhibit, says the City Hall Station featured chandeliers and skylights and green, tan and cream-colored tile work in intricate patterns. But Ochsendorf says the vaulting is in good condition — and color photographs make you itch to go underground to see for yourself. They were like master masons transported here from the Gothic era, men who knew how to build the correct shapes to make their spaces stand up and stay incredibly durable, strong and long-lasting. It’s a cross-section reproduction of the fireproof vaulted ceiling they did in 1889 at the Boston Public Library.
In honor of the metros 110th anniversary, check out these striking Daily News photos of its construction. The elaborately tiled City Hall subway station in New York City — still extant but now closed to the public, alas — used the Guastavino touch to convince wary city dwellers to head underground for a train trip. He had the Guastavinos pile more than 500 pounds per square foot on top of their tiled arch to test its strength.



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