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This article is about a borough in New Jersey, for an adjacent township, see Chatham Township, for information about their shared school and library systems see The Chathams. The village that now is Chatham first was settled by Europeans in 1710 in Morris Township, within the Province of New Jersey. On February 12, 1806, "Chatham Township" was formed, taking its name from this pre-revolutionary village it would include within the township boundary along with several other villages, and large areas of unsettled lands connecting or adjacent to them. Chatham is located twenty-five miles west of New York City on the eastern edge of Morris County. The Passaic River, which rises in Mendham and defines the Great Swamp, flows north along the eastern boundary of Chatham.
A portion of the Great Swamp extends to the southern boundary of Chatham and other marshes surround the community to the north and northwest.
As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 8,460 people, 3,159 households, and 2,385 families. The median income for a household was $101,991, and the median income for a family was $119,635. New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). Chatham and Chatham Township held elections in November 1986 to consider joining their separate school systems into a joint district. Occupied for ten thousand years by Native Americans, this land was overseen by clans of the Lenni-Lenape, who farmed, fished, and hunted upon it. Having been part of the New Netherland territory, dating from 1614, New Jersey became a British colony at the fall of New Amsterdam in 1664.
In 1680, the British first purchased this Lenape land upon which John Day made the first European settlement in 1710.
Before long, the village became known as John Day's Bridge because of a bridge he built across the river at the shallow landing. The citizens of Chatham were active participants in the American Revolutionary War and nearby Morristown became the military center of the revolution. The Watchung mountain range was a strategic asset in the war, acting as a natural barrier to the British troops and providing a vantage point for Washington to monitor their troop movements.
Seventeen letters were written by Washington while he stayed at a homestead in Chatham and the village was the site of several skirmishes, as residents and the rebel army held off British advances, preventing them from attacking Washington's supplies at Morristown.
A printing press was established in the village of Chatham during the war by Shepard Kollock. 1) Directions from New York Pennsylvania Train Station or Newark Airport: Take NJ Transit train, North Jersey Coast (NJC) Line and get off at the Long Branch station, see the map below.
R-1 train to 30th Street Station, catch the Amtrak train (can be expensive) to Newark, NJ, [alternatively, take SEPTA R-7 train to Trenton, then take NJ Transit train, North East Corridor (NEC) line, to Newark], switch to NJ Transit train, North Jersey Coast (NJC) line, to Long Branch. The conference hotel survived hurricane Irene and the conference will take place as scheduled! The conception of this new plan is unique because it would be the first subway to go outside New York City’s borders. Extending the 7 Line across the Hudson River to New Jersey should be high priority for the two states. Bombardier Transportation announced today that it has received an order for 100 MultiLevel commuter rail cars from the New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT).
The order represents Bombardier’s second contract with NJ TRANSIT for this type of vehicle.
The MultiLevel vehicles feature upper and lower seating levels as well as a spacious intermediate level at each end of the car --- making them truly “multi-level” --- and offer high levels of capacity, comfort and convenience. Comfort features include a two-by-two seating configuration that eliminates the middle seat found on many single-level vehicles, specially designed seats with improved lumbar support, and more leg room, knee room and seat width than found in conventional coaches.
NJ TRANSIT is the largest statewide public transportation system in the United States and an established customer of Bombardier. Bombardier Transportation, a global leader in rail technology, offers the broadest portfolio in the rail industry and delivers innovative products and services that set new standards in sustainable mobility. A world-leading manufacturer of innovative transportation solutions, from commercial aircraft and business jets to rail transportation equipment, systems and services, Bombardier Inc.

It was settled because the site already was the location of an important crossing of the Passaic River as well as being close to a gap in the Watchung Mountains and on the path of a well-worn Native American trail. On August 19, 1892, based on a referendum held ten days earlier, Chatham adopted a new village form of government allowed within townships as the state governance regulations evolved. Chatham's neighboring communities are Summit, New Providence, Berkeley Heights, Long Hill Township, Chatham Township, Harding Township, Madison, Florham Park, Morristown, New Vernon, Short Hills, Millburn, and Livingston. A good crossing location, identified by Amerindians to early European settlers, figured significantly in the colonial history of the community.
The marshes and brooks in the area contain water draining from the plateau of Morristown and many points to the north and west. The government consists of a mayor and a borough council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large.
New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken). This proposal was supported by the voters and since then, the two municipalities have shared a regionalized school district, the School District of the Chathams. They were organized into a matrilineal agricultural and mobile hunting society sustained with fixed, but not permanent, settlements in their clan territories. The area was claimed as a part of the Dutch New Netherland province, where active trading in furs took advantage of the natural pass west, but, the Lenape prevented permanent settlement beyond what is now Jersey City. The land that would become Chatham was part of the Province of East Jersey; the Indian rights to Chatham were purchased in 1680 from members of the Minsi and Lenni Lenape tribes.
He chose to settle upon the western bank of the Fishawack Crossing (of the Passaic River) on the traditional Lenape Minisink Trail. By 1750, the village had a blacksmith shop as well as a flour mill, a grist mill, and a lumber mill.
Washington twice established his winter headquarters in Morristown and revolutionary troops were active regularly in the entire area.
The Minisink Trail and the village bridge provided a route for essential supplies across the river and through the mountain range. Under a 2003 contract, Bombardier provided 329 MultiLevel vehicles now in successful operation at NJ TRANSIT. This new order for our reliable, safe, and comfortable equipment illustrates the confidence NJ TRANSIT places in Bombardier and our products,” said Raymond Bachant, President, Bombardier Transportation, North America.
Each coach has 15 to 30 percent more seating capacity than a typical single-level car, yet is specially designed to meet the infrastructure constraints of certain rail networks, such as those posed by tunnels.
Large side doors located at the intermediate level provide accessibility from both high and low level platforms. Over the years, Bombardier has provided hundreds of push-pull commuter coaches and MultiLevel vehicles to NJ TRANSIT.
BOMBARDIER ECO4 technologies – built on the four cornerstones of energy, efficiency, economy and ecology – conserve energy, protect the environment and help to improve total train performance.
Changing its name to Chatham by 1773, it was an active community fighting in the American Revolutionary War. Determined to leave the large township that failed to represent it properly, however, Chatham later reincorporated for governance as an independent borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1897, replacing its village form of government, [9] and freeing it from inclusion in the township boundary. Fairmount Avenue ascends Long Hill perpendicularly from Main Street in the contemporary center of town to the highest elevation of the town among the Watchung Mountains.
All are remnants of a massive lake that covered the area following the retreat of the Wisconsin glacier of the last Ice age. Villages were established and relocated as the clans farmed new sections of the land when soil fertility lessened and moved among their fishing and hunting grounds.
Although rapid exhaustion of the local beaver population soon turned the Dutch interests much farther north, contention existed between the Dutch and the British over the rights to this land and battles ensued.
The Lenape assisted the colonists, supplying the revolutionary army with warriors and scouts in exchange for food supplies and the promise of a role at the head of a future native American state. It would have solved all the traffic problems on the nearby highways as well as the fact that the sole rail tunnel under the Hudson River, both used by NJTransit and Amtrak, is overcrowded. In terms of locomotives, Bombardier has supplied 29 electric locomotives of the type BOMBARDIER ALP-46 and is currently filling orders for 36 ALP-46A electric locomotives, an upgraded version of the original product, as well as 26 ALP-45DP dual-powered locomotives.

Bombardier Transportation is headquartered in Berlin, Germany and has a presence in over 60 countries. From there one may see the lights of New York beyond the crest of the ridge hills of Summit and Short Hills.
Residents of Chatham were among those in the late 1950s who formed the Jersey Jet Site Association and instigated the preservation of the Great Swamp when the New York Port Authority sought to turn it into a massive airport. Several other members of the organization, including residents of Chatham, who were students at the nearby campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University began to infiltrate the administration of Austin Joseph Tobin, the executive director of the port authority. Passing to the rule of the British in 1664 as the Province of New Jersey, and becoming one of its original thirteen colonies, marks the beginning of permanent European settlements on this land. The landing at that location was the best place to ford the river and always had been used by the Lenape on their route to the Hudson River and south from their hunting grounds in what is now Sussex County. The Treaty of Easton signed by the Lenape and the British in 1766 had required that the Lenape move to Pennsylvania. From there make a left turn and take a short walk north along the ocean to the hotel (with a blue sea shell sign) on the left.
I know that there would be cost overruns but this does not mean that we should shut down a very important project.
Specially-configured versions of the MultiLevel vehicles operate in the Atlantic City Express Service between New York City and Atlantic City. In addition, Bombardier was a member of the consortium that designed and built NJ TRANSIT’s turnkey RiverLINE light rail system between Camden and Trenton, New Jersey and now operates and maintains the system under a contract with NJ TRANSIT. 31, 2010, were $19.4 billion US, and its shares are traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (BBD). Water from artesian wells is stored at its crest to provide the drinking water for the community.
They later were joined by the North American Wildlife Foundation that completed the acquisition of enough of the Great Swamp to protect the massive natural resource as a federal park. They attended meetings scheduled quietly to garner the support of union workers—once inside the meetings they provided pamphlets in opposition to the project—infuriating the port authority administration. The area was well connected with established paths among their settlements, to and from bountiful resources, and to neighboring settlements. That traditional part of the Great Trail would become Route 24, leading to Madison, Morristown, Mendham, and Chester, it became known as Main Street in Chatham.
Or, take a taxi, or call for the hotel shuttle service to go to the hotel (recommended for after sunset). We are already spending enough money on highway related funds but my concern is that as of today, cars are among the most unsustainable way of traveling. Bombardier is listed as an index component to the Dow Jones Sustainability World and North America indexes.
Eventually other organizations formed to join the opposition to the plans for the airport and finally, a majority of the swamp was assembled to be donated to the federal government to become a National Wildlife Refuge.
Safe passageways through the valleys, marshes, swamps, and mountains of this portion of the Watchung Mountains connected the area which would become Chatham with other settlements in the area. Except for highways built since the 1970s and a shunpike built to avoid tolls on the roads connecting the colonial settlements of Chatham and Bottle Hill, the roads of the area follow those time proven, long trodden trails made by the Indians.
Main Street rises from a shallow crossing of the Passaic River and, after traveling through what became the settlements of Chatham and Bottle Hill (which became Madison), the road follows a westward path that leads to the top of the plateau on which Morristown was founded. Eisenhower administration to lend their support also, and on November 3, 1960, the legislation creating the refuge was passed by an act of the United States Congress.
Later issues regarding the use of the donated land were under his authority when Udall was the Secretary of State.

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