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14.09.2014
Grand Central Station, which still exists and is still beautiful, and Pennsylvania Station, which still exists and is, well, no longer beautiful. The reason Pennsylvania Station is no longer beautiful is that the original Pennsylvania Station was torn down in 1963. Train stations around the world are approaching full capacity, as passenger numbers grow and cities are linked with new rail lines. As transport infrastructure develops and the world becomes better connected, major train stations around the world are reaching their full capacity.
In light of this, many stations, including Gard du Norde in Paris and Union Station in Toronto, are adding new concourses, lines and platforms to cope with the influx of passengers.Here, we list some of the world's busiest stations and provide details on their expansion plans. With an average of 3.5 million passing through its doors every day, Shinjuku Station in Tokyo, Japan, is the world's busiest train station in terms of passenger throughput.
Serving around 180 million travellers each year, Gare du Nord is Europe's busiest railway station by total passenger numbers. The Gare du Nord railway is served by the Paris Metro transit system, the Reseau Express Regional (RER) railway system and several bus routes.
The metro system has two lines, including line four which runs from the north to the south of Paris, and line five, which has extensions to the Gare de Lyon, the north eastern suburbs of Pantin and Bobigny.
A construction plan to build a hallway between Gare du Nord and Gare de l'Est is set to be implemented in the near future. By allowing such services to pass through the HB hub, the Durchmesserlinie project will allow for alterations and expansion of the S-Bahn services that account for a large proportion of train movements in the area.
Penn Station in New York City is the busiest railway station in North America, with 1,000 passengers alighting and departing there every 90 seconds. As part of the New Jersey Rail Project, also known as the Gateway Project, Penn Station will be expanded to serve 13 additional Jersey Transit and eight Amtrak trains during peak hours. The Gateway project, set to be completed in 2020, is expected to increase the commuter rail capacity of New Jersey Transit and Amtrak - the owner of Penn Station - by 65% to 33 train services an hour. Serving 250,000 passengers each day, Union Sation is the busiest train station in Canada.Located in Toronto, Union has more than 2,000 rights of way, making it one of the most complex stations in the world.
Inter-city trains at Union Station are operated by Via Rail, and Ontario Northland, while commuter rail services are operated by GO Transit.
In this black and white photograph from 1922, we see Pennsylvania Station from the corner of 7th Avenue and W. In this amazing shot, taken in 1940, a squadron of B-17 bombers flies over Midtown Manhattan. Streetcars rumble down Seventh Avenue, past horse-drawn carts and seemingly all male pedestrians. The great Pennsylvania Railroad station was thirty years old at the time of this photograph, and it had yet to see its greatest traffic. There was a time, not all that long ago, when railroads were the dominant form of travel in the United States, and the train stations of major cities reflected their importance. Looking north from West 30th Street along Seventh Avenue one can see two of the famed works of the architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White, Pennsylvania Station and the Hotel Pennsylvania.
The first phase of construction on the new Moynihan transit hub has begun in the basement of the current James A.
Pennsylvania Station, a gateway to the nation’s biggest city, was designed to accommodate about 200,000 riders a day. Two decades after ambitious plans were unveiled to improve Penn Station while expanding it into the massive Beaux Arts post office building across the street, there are few visible signs of change.
Ironically, the original Penn Station built a century ago as a Beaux Arts masterpiece, modeled after the monuments of ancient Rome, once rivaled Grand Central for its soaring beauty, classical columns and natural light. Now, a coalition of civic advocates and political leaders is trying to get things moving to overhaul Penn Station by latching on to what they say is a key development: The 50-year-old city permit to operate Madison Square Garden expired in January.
This May 9, 2013 photo shows evening rush hour commuters making their way past the food concessions on an underground concourse inside New York's Penn Station. Two civic groups, the Regional Plan Association and Municipal Art Society, say the dingy, cramped and aging basement station can expand and modernize only if the Garden moves, along with its supporting columns that reach down to the train level.
For now, New Jersey Transit, the Long Island Rail Road and Amtrak have hired a design firm to bring some light and fresher air into Penn Station.
That’s little comfort to passengers walking through smothering, windowless corridors under low-hanging old pipes and wire clusters, filled with fast-food odors.
The truth is, no matter what changes are made, real relief will come only when additional tracks are built across the Hudson. The other hope for expanding Penn Station rests with Amtrak — if it could start moving some of its operations across Eighth Avenue into the 1.4-million-square-foot post office building. That would free up 100,000 square feet at Penn Station, giving passengers more space, according to the Moynihan Station Development Corp., a New York state agency that paid $200 million to acquire the post office building. Renderings released by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which is overseeing the project, show the old post office redone with soaring ceilings and skylights. Construction is under way on the $325 million first phase of the project — including a wide new commuter concourse under the front end of the post office that’s to open in 2016.
But there’s no commercial tenant yet for non-transit areas of the Farley building expected to contribute hundreds of millions of dollars toward completion of the Moynihan Station project, whose final cost could top $1 billion. That's because it was bombed out during WWII they had the opportunity to upgrade everything.


Re why GCT and Penn Station are not connected: the two stations were built by two competing rail companies (the New York Central and the Pennsylvania Railroad, respectively), and when they finally merged out of desperation to stay alive in 1968, the railroad had no money to do anything.
Its NOT a disgrace and if you think it is, by all means get OUT of my country and move someplace else.
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Newark is divided into five geographical wards, and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves.
Newark was originally founded in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony. Newark was originally formed as a township on October 31, 1693, based on the Newark Tract, which was first purchased on July 11, 1667. Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were essentially wilderness, with a few dumps, warehouses, and cemeteries on their edges.
Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west (on the slope of the Watchung Mountains), the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, and middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north.
Newark is New Jersey's largest and second-most racially diverse city (after neighboring Jersey City). State law requires that wards be compact and contiguous and that the largest ward may not exceed the population of the smallest by more than 10% of the average ward size. Newark's Central Ward, formerly known as the old Third Ward, contains much of the city's original history including the Lincoln Park, Military Park and the James Street Commons Historic Districts. In the 19th century, the Central Ward was inhabited by Germans and other white Catholic and Christian groups. The West Ward comprises the neighborhoods of Vailsburg, Ivy Hill, West Side, Fairmount and Lower Roseville. The South Ward comprises the Weequahic, Clinton Hill, Dayton, and South Broad Valley neighborhoods. Finally, the East Ward consists of Newark's Downtown commercial district, as well as the Ironbound neighborhood, where much of Newark's industry was located in the 19th century. That picture, which is from 1929, is below, along with one of Grand Central (?) with the same sun-beam effect. From Zurich Hauptbahnhof to Shinjuku Station, railway-technology lists the world’s busiest stations.
Shinjuku is made up of five stations - JR-East, Odakyu Electric Railway, Keio Corporation, Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway - and serves as a connecting link between central Tokyo and its western suburbs. The project is expected to be completed after the new LGV Est - an extension to the TGV network - starts serving the station.
But, even with the adoption of multiple units and push-pull formations, which save the need for locomotive changes at surface-level platforms, the station is becoming too crowded and there are many projects, including Durchmesserlinie (the Diameter Line), being developed to address this issue. The station is also connected to the Toronto Transit Commission subway and streetcar system via its subway station.Transport Canada is currently developing an airport link between Union Station and the Toronto Pearson International Airport. The building, which was torn down in 1963 prompting the creation of New York City's Landmarks Preservation Commission, had been designed by the famed architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White in the Beaux-Arts style. The former opened in 1910 and was demolished in 1963, while the latter opened in 1919 and is still operating. In this photograph, taken shortly after the opening of Pennsylvania Station, we can see McKim, Mead & White's neo-classical monument in all its glory.
The multibillion-dollar effort is mired in perpetual bickering among movers and shakers in politics, finance, sports and business. It was torn down in 1963 and replaced with the current, smaller Penn Station, notable for its blandness — topped with the familiar, circular Madison Square Garden, among the first buildings of its kind to be built above the platforms of an active railroad station.
The busiest passenger train station in the United States, gateway to the biggest city in the nation, is a 1960s-era, utilitarian labyrinth built in what is essentially the basement of Madison Square Garden. Changes could include better exits and entrances, improved access to platforms and taxi stands and new signage. Farley Post Office building which is slated to be the site of the future home of Moynihan Station, in New York.
The new station would be named after Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the late New York senator who envisioned it.
It will ease access to bare, gritty platforms for Amtrak, NJ Transit and Long Island Rail Road.
From the 1930's to the 1960's, he was in charge of all large scale transportation projects for NYC and Long Island, and all he built were bridges, tunnels and roads for cars.
Port Newark, the major container shipping terminal in the Port of New York and New Jersey, is the largest on the East Coast.
It is also home to several universities, including Rutgers–Newark, the New Jersey Institute of Technology, and Seton Hall University's Law School. The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, and experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminated by the 1967 Newark riots. Newark was granted a Royal charter on April 27, 1713, and was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships.
It is divided into five political wards,[37] which are often used by residents to identify their place of habitation. Ward boundaries are redrawn, as needed, by a board of ward commissioners consisting of two Democrats and two Republicans appointed at the county level and the municipal clerk.[39] Redrawing of ward lines in previous decades have shifted traditional boundaries, so that downtown currently occupies portions of the East and Central Wards.


Its neighborhoods include Broadway, Mount Pleasant, Upper Roseville and the affluent Forest Hill section.[44] Forest Hill contains the Forest Hill Historic District, which is registered on state and national historic registers, and contains many older mansions and colonial homes.
The South Ward, once home to residents of predominately Jewish descent, now has ethnic neighborhoods made up primarily of African Americans and Latinos.
Today, due to the enterprise of its immigrant population, the Ironbound (also known as "Down Neck") is a destination for shopping, dining, and nightlife.[48] A historically immigrant-dominated section of the city, the Ironbound in recent decades has been termed "Little Portugal" due to its heavily Portuguese population. The site has of ten platforms, serving 20 tracks and 12 train links.There have been plans at various points in history to connect Shinjuku into the Shinkansen network of high speed rail lines, and the 1973 Shinkansen Basic Plan, still in force, specifies that the station should be the southern terminus of the Joetsu Shinkansen line to Niigata, the capital and the most populous city of Niigata Prefecture. Metrolinx, a subsidiary of GO Transit, was chosen in July 2010 to design, construct, maintain and operate the railway link.A five-year revitalisation programme is also being carried out to improve the quality and pedestrian movement near the station and transform the building into a major terminus for shopping, dining and visiting.
Also visible in the shot are the Chrysler Building and the original Pennsylvania Station, and beyond are the East River and Queens. The interior concourse, which you see in this black and white photograph taken just prior to the station's completion in 1910, was inspired by the Roman Baths of Caracalla. Here we see it in the summer of 1940, hanging portentously above a crowd largely composed of men in uniform. Rail travel would diminish in the years following the war as other modes of transportation, most notably air travel, gained popularity. Designed by the firm of McKim, Mead & White in the Beaux-Arts style, Penn Station was the ultimate blend of functionality with monumental grandeur. The Hotel Pennsylvania  has been in danger of demolition since the 1990s, having been unable to secure, as of 2011, landmark status.
Covering more than 7 acres, Penn Station was the largest indoor space in New York City and one of the largest public spaces in the world. North America?s biggest mass transit hub, which includes Penn Station, the Long Island Railroad, and parts of the New York City subway system is a cramped, lightless, aging labyrinth that lags far behind modern systems elsewhere in the world and is in desperate need of renewal. The project has become a long-stagnant promise for a massive Amtrak main terminal, with ticketing and waiting areas plus retail shops. He hated mass transit and believed that if you didn't drive or couldn't afford a car, the city shouldn't have to bother with you.
During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township (April 14, 1794), Caldwell Township (February 16, 1798; now known as Fairfield Township), Orange Township (November 27, 1806), Bloomfield Township (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township (April 14, 1834, remainder reabsorbed by Newark on March 5, 1902).
In recent years, residents have begun to identify with specific neighborhood names instead of the larger ward appellations. Of these neighborhood designations only University Heights, a more recent designation for the area that was the subject of the 1968 novel Howard Street by Nathan Heard, is still in common usage. The increased academic footprint in the University Heights neighborhood has produced gentrification, with landmark buildings undergoing renovation.
In addition, the East Ward has become home to Brazilians, Latin Americans, African Americans and commuters to Manhattan. This monument to transportation, architected by the firm of McKim, Mead & White, would be torn down in 1963. By the 1950s, Penn Station would no longer be profitable, and the Pennsylvania Railroad would sell its air rights as means of offsetting the cost of operating the station. Beyond the low-rise stores along Eighth, one can see the great Beaux Arts edifice of the original Pennsylvania Station. All it takes to strand hundreds of thousands of people is a glitch on one of only two tracks linking Manhattan to New Jersey under the Hudson River. More than 70,000 square feet of space is available to lease for events ranging from fashion shows to automobile expos. Because of him, NYC's subways are inadequate, the LIRR still has to use diesel engines out east and our rail hubs are all outdated. Because of him, the NYC subways were never extended by tunnel, until the bay, to Staten Island. Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836. Located in the Central Ward is the largest health sciences university in the nation, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School. Public education in the East Ward consists of East Side High School and six elementary schools.
Suddenly, common areas become overwhelmed with impatient commuters packed into dim, low-ceilinged spaces, waiting and waiting. It is also home to three other universities – New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Rutgers University - Newark, and Essex County College.
The North Ward has lost geographic area in recent times; its southern boundary is now significantly further north than the traditional boundary near Interstate 280. To #3- I disagree with your reasoning pertaining to the excellent rail service in Europe and Japan. Whenever there is an attempt to have high speed passenger rail service in the USA, to serve certain areas, many groups start screaming "it is too costly". In Europe and Japan, the citizenry demands excellent rail service, and hence, the best passenger rail service is found there.



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