Subway Fulton Street Brooklyn NYC Kings County NY,ho scale bedroom layout chart,brio trains tunnel,new york handgun transport - Videos Download

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IT’S A SUBWAY LINE the MTA tried to close down years ago and allowed to deteriorate for decades.
LEFT: This last vestige of the Fulton Street El (the old Kings County El) supported the Franklin Avenue platform on the Franklin Avenue Shuttle until the early 1990s. The Franklin Shuttle, which connects the IND B (as of February 2004) and Q lines at Prospect Park with the A and C lines at Franklin Avenue, has a storied past, if an infamous one. What is now known as the Franklin Shuttle had its beginnings in 1877 when it was planned as just one of a group of steam railroads that connected downtown Brooklyn, or its outskirts, with the hotels and resorts at Coney Island and Manhattan and Brighton Beaches.
In 1877, the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway was incorporated, opening the next year in 1878. After 1882, when the LIRR took over a BF&CI competitor, the New York and Manhattan Beach Railroad, it found itself competing with itself for suburban railroad customers. No longer having a desirable northern terminal, the BF&CI was forced into bankruptcy and was reorganized in 1887 as the Brooklyn and Brighton Beach Railroad.
Further change came to the Brighton Beach in 1904 when the line was extended west at its southern end to join the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad, by then known as the Culver Line for its originator Andrew Culver, at the new Culver Depot (left), located across the street from where the NY Aquarium at Surf Avenue and West 8th Street is now.
Beginning in 1905, the Brighton Beach was brought to its present-day arrangement by eliminating all grade crossings. In 1913, the NYC Board of Estimate and the NY State public service commission approved a plan for subway expansion known as the Dual Subway Contracts.
Part of the new Dual Contracts project included a new 2-track tunnel that would run under (not through) Prospect Park under Flatbush Avenue, allowing Brighton Beach trains to continue to Manhattan along new tracks on the Manhattan Bridge. Luciano had to navigate an S-shaped curve on what would later be called the Franklin Shuttle at Malbone Street. Soon after, Malbone Street’s name was changed to Empire Boulevard (although a portion of it remains at Montgomery Street and Nostrand Avenue).
Since that time, a signal system has been installed that goes a long way toward preventing such wrecks.
In the 1980s, the DOT proposed eliminating the Franklin Shuttle, and the line nearly closed by deferred maintenance as trackways and platforms became garbage-strewn and subway cars became unreliable and graffiti-scrawled. What follows is a tour on the Franklin Shuttle and a look at some of its more interesting features. This view was taken from the platform at Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street, where a transfer is possible to the A and C trains.
Until recently, a portion of the old Fulton Street elevated had been left standing (see photo at top of page) so passengers would use the staircase for the transfer. The ancient platform has been taken away and a view of Franklin Avenue can be seen from the platform. Unfortunately, all the cast iron railings from the old platform have been removed in the renovations, as virtually everything in the station is brand new.
Additionally, the line features single-track operations between Park Place and Franklin Avenue. Colorful mosaics are becoming a large part of subway station renovations, but in 1998, they were unusual. The first station stop on the Franklin Shuttle after leaving Franklin Avenue had been Dean Street, which remained open until 1996, but in an advanced state of deterioration. The 1973 photo of a graffiti-scarred R27 (or R30) at Dean Street (which was then not as decrepit as it would later become) is courtesy of
Today, virtually nothing remains of the old Dean Street station, with the exception of the unusual placement of a streetlamp over the sidewalk on Dean Street west of Franklin.
Dean Street, of course, has nothing to do with 2004 Democratic frontrunner for President Howard Dean (though Dean Street intersects Howard Avenue, in an amusing coincidence, 13 blocks to the east of Franklin Avenue). One of Charles Fletcher’s ancient ads for Castoria can be found on this building on St. On Prospect Place just west of the Shuttle you will find the old Brooklyn Jewish Hospital, which incorporated in 1901 and opened this building in 1927.
After Dean Street, the next station stop is Park Place; Dean Street was eliminated in 1996 because of its decrepit condition (though some say Park Place was worse) as well as its proximity.
Between Sterling and Park Places, the Shuttle makes its upward journey on a ramp that had connected it to the old Fulton Street El. When the station was rebuilt, the street underneath it wasn’t touched, so the 1905-era steps are crumbling away and their railings are in a rusty, collapsing condition. Seekers of ancient subway hardware can find an ancient stairway to the trackbed, as well as a rusted incandescent lamp fixture, on the overpass over Sterling Place. From some of the trestles that cross the Franklin Shuttle south of Park Place, you can perhaps wear earplugs and drown out the street noise, and envision when the line was the old steam BF& CI.
The Consumers Park station was at the still existing Consumers Park Brewery building at Montgomery Street, not the current site of Brooklyn Botanic Garden station. The station was again rebuilt in 1998 with a drastically shortened platform only able to accommodate two 75-ft. Three blocks south of Eastern Parkway, Carroll Street declines to cross the Shuttle right of way. This Gothic structure on Montgomery Street was part of the old Consumers Park Brewery complex. A large group of hotel and saloon-keepers established this Brooklyn brewery in 1897 (for the purpose of sharing profits from brewing and selling beer).
Today, passenger Shuttle trains do not take the curve; instead, they (slowly!) use the switch track and enter Prospect Park station on its eastern track in a one-track operation.
The Prospect Park station opened in 1905 and became an express stop in 1920 when the connection of the Brighton Beach line with the Manhattan Bridge was completed. This is one of my favorite entries on this web page, because I would often ride the old Franklin Avenue Shuttle when I was in Brooklyn. When I was a kid, it operated the string of R-11s, the Subway’s first air-conditioned subway cars.
Back in the 1970s and 1980s, the shuttle trains were actually pretty crowded, as it was the only way to get to those hospitals and that area for a lot of people.
Park Place was an island platform station in equally parlous shape, and one of the shuttle’s primary reasons to exist, for the hospitals. Botanic Garden was unbelievably badly lit in those days…I think just one or two light bulbs on the platform.
Other folks would punch out numerous tickets and then sell them at cut-rate prices on the street, to cobble up enough money to in turn purchase prescriptions for cough syrup with narcotics in them, to use at local clinics, or other drugs. I was very relieved that the line was not shut down, and even happier that money and effort was put into renovating it.
And there’s still an R-11 at the Transit Museum, gleaming in a state of perfect condition. A few months ago FNY took you on a tour of the eastern end of Jamaica Avenue in Floral Park and Bellerose, the part that was recently renamed Jericho Turnpike to match its Nassau and Suffolk County extension.
Jamaica Avenue dates back the colonial era, and earlier than that, it was an Indian trail from the East River to mid-Long Island.
An Indian trail led from the Great [Hempstead] Plains to the Cove, at the northern end of the Heights on the East River, which became the site of the Brooklyn Ferry. On June 19,1803, a law was passed, providing for one public and general highway to extend from the Ferry in Kings County, through that County and the Counties of Queens and Suffolk. Under the General Turnpike Act of 1807, the Brooklyn, Jamaica and Flatbush Turnpike Company was incorporated, on March l7, l809. Today’s Jamaica Avenue (seen at left) begins proper at a busy tangle of roads and elevated railroads. Broadway, above right, begins its march to Williamsburg here, forming the boundary of Bushwick and Bedford-Stuyvesant. Before walking northeast on Jamaica Avenue I explored a fascinating area in the blocks south surrounding Fulton Street and a series of streets named for states: Georgia, Alabama, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Vermont.
Left: you will still find some 1950-vintage curved-mast NYC streetlights lurking under the el. Heading north toward Jamaica Avenue on Pennsylvania Avenue we encounter a couple of significant names in black American history. The surface transportation complement to the East New York subway yards, the East New York Bus Depot dates back to the horsecar days of 1859. Jamaica Avenue encounters another grand junction at Pennsylvania Avenue, Bushwick Avenue (barely seen at far left) running northwest through its titular neighborhood to East Williamsburg, and the Jackie Robinson Parkway, constructed through the cemetery belt and Forest Park from Jamaica Avenue to the Grand Central Parkway at Union Turnpike in Kew Gardens between 1933 and 1935.

Wyona Street, running south from Jamaica Avenue just east of Vermont Avenue, is worth a look for the Christ Lutheran Church, built in 1894 as the Christ Evangelical Reformed Church. Miller Avenue, one of Brooklyn’s steepest streets, rises toward the mansions along Highland Boulevard in Sunnyside from Jamaica Avenue. You wouldn’t think, from this photo taken of Jamaica looking NE from Hendrix Street, that this is a former Indian trail, colonial road, tolled pike, and, presently, as Route 25, extends to Orient Point at the eastern end of Long Island.
New York City has relatively few alleys, so when you see unexpected residential alleys like these two, Van Siclen Court (left) and Schenck Court built into the hillside north of Jamaica Avenue, it’s a relative treat. The triangle formed by Jamaica and Ridgewood Avenues and Warwick Street features a long-ago real estate development featuring attached brick houses with columned front porches. Ridgewood Avenue seems to follow the occasional NYC tradition of naming an avenue for a neighborhood where it does not go (see Bayside Avenue in Flushing, or Flushing Avenue, from Clinton Hill, Bushwick, Ridgewood and Maspeth).
The Dawn of Glory statue in Highland Park at Jamaica Avenue and Cleveland Street was dedicated in 1924 and is the work of Italian-American sculptor Pietro Montana.
Highland Park straddles Brooklyn and Queens between the Jackie Robinson Parkway, Ridgewood Reservoir and Jamaica Avenue.
Ricardo Gomes has some photos of the interior, and what used to be on the site before the Y was built, at the East New York Project. Unusually-named Force Tube Avenue runs southeast athwart Cypress Hills’ N-S-E-W street grid from the intersection of Jamaica Avenue and Highland Boulevard to a bit past Fulton Street.
Sam Leggio (1923-1985) was a longtime Cypress Hills resident who was passionately committed to improving his neighborhood. Over 7,000 Civil War veterans, Union and Confederate, are buried at Cypress Hills National. Three members of the 7th US Calvary who survived the battle of Little Big Horn, June 25, 1876, are interred at Cypress Hills National, including Italian-born bugler John Martin (Giovanni Martini) who had served in his youth under Giuseppe Garibaldi for Italian independence. Walking past the row upon row of bone-white stones in Cypress Hills National, though, I’m reminded of the words of a rather more contemporary voice, Universal Soldier by Buffy Sainte-Marie.
Five of the 17 cemeteries located on the high hills of the Brooklyn-Queens border dividing the neighborhoods of Cypress Hills and Glendale border Jamaica Avenue, some in better shape than others. The flowers and decorations placed on the stones at Cypress Hills Cemetery, second-largest in the area after Cemetery of the Evergreens, give it an almost festive air. One of the cemetery street names is Thanatopsis Way, from William Cullen Bryant’s famed meditation on death.
The elevated train we saw all the way back at the beginning of this page is seen again here, at it rejoins Jamaica Avenue via a sharp curve at Crescent Street. A pair of unusual sights…a gas station in Cypress Hills Cemetery, and a discarded typewriter.
The taxidermy shop at 964 Jamaica, near Grant, showed little, er, ah, signs of life….
Streets meeting Jamaica Avenue in Cypress Hills are occasionally named for Civil War figures, such as Lincoln, Sheridan and Grant, as well as for the rare Brit memorialized on a NYC street, Colonel Richard Nicholls, the first British governor of New York after the British assumed control from the Dutch in 1664. The Woodhaven Cultural and Historical Society has placed attractive blue and yellow plaques commemorating sites in Woodhaven, the first neighborhood Jamaica Avenue enters upon reaching Queens at house number 1000. At the time, most of Kings County was a rural enclave with farms and small towns connected by roads like the Old Flatbush Turnpike, later straightened and renamed Flatbush Avenue, and Kings Highway, which followed an old native American path through the woods. It originally ran from the Prospect Park entrance at Flatbush and Ocean Avenues south to the Brighton Beach Hotel, built near the water’s edge. BF&CI service was truncated to the Bedford Terminal at Frankin and Atlantic Avenues, where there was a turntable for turning the steam engines. In 1899 elevated trains began running on the Brighton Line, in addition to steam service, but all steam was done away with by 1903..
The Dual Contracts, named for its BRT and IRT components, expanded the NYC subway both by building new lines and incorporating older surface railroads and upgrading them by submerging them into tunnels or running them on new elevated structures. Construction proceeded slowly on this new connection, which would replace the older method of running Brighton trains along the Fulton Street El, then along the old, original BF&CI right of way, and then south to Brighton Beach. The speed limit at the location was posted as 6 MPH, but those on the scene later reported that he roared through at what must have been 50 MPH.
The new Flatbush Avenue tunnel under Prospect Park began service in 1920, and while the connection with the Fulton Street El was severed and the el itself out of service by 1940, the line, now called the Franklin Avenue shuttle, continued to run some trains all the way to Coney Island as late as 1963.
Today, the elevated, as well as the scene shown , is gone, as the Franklin Shuttle has now been completely rebuilt. The piece of the old Fulton El is gone (compare to photo at top of page) and in its place is the pedestrian walkway connecting the IND station with the elevated shuttle. The streetlamp illuminated the bottom of the staircase leading from the old elevated platform. Fred was short in stature but always first in line for activities like the drama club and choir, and was a much better athlete than Your Laggardly Webmaster. From 1998-2000 the Park Place station was rebuilt from top to bottom…though some oddities and anachronisms on the street itself below the station persist.
Its elevation today is completely unnecessary; because it would take untold millions to construct a tunnel or open cut for it, the el itself was rebuilt along its old right of way.
Note the single track operation–the only instance in the NYC subway system that this applies. Its place is filled by this unsual cast-iron and concrete pedestrian bridge constructed in 1994. The brewery featured a recreation-like decor that included a hotel, a beer garden, and concert facilities. South of Botanic Garden, the Shuttle approaches the Prospect Park station and the site of the Malbone Street Crash.
The air-conditioning didn’t work too well, but the trains did, and not many were made.
Ironically, Dean Street was the least used station on the entire system, recording record and regular lows in token sales.
I do miss the remains of the Fulton Street El, Dean Street Station, and wish I had a few of the paper transfer tickets, but the new Botanic Garden and Franklin Avenue Stations are exquisitely done, and adding the transfer point to the Eastern Parkway line has made that shuttle more important.
At this junction, known as Jewell Square, not only Fulton Street, East New York Avenue, and Brooklyn’s Broadway all meet, but nearby, the Canasie Elevated (the L train) and the Jamaica Elevated (J, Z) twist themselves into overhead spaghetti as they intertwine. Stumped, I turned to Ricardo Gomes, proprietor of the excellent East New York Project, the online directory of all mysterious and not so mysterious items in this underchronicled neighborhood, who identified it as the Wartburg Chapel, belonging to the Wartburg Home for the Aged. When I first snapped it in 1999 it was decrepit and I had thought it was on its death throes before demolition. This Masonic temple is named for Prince Hall (1735-1807), the founder of the first African American Masonic lodge. Originally a four-lane roadway with numerous tricky curves, the road had to be rebuilt on a couple of occasions to make it safer. The small neighborhood in the hilly area north of Jamaica Avenue from the Jackie east to Highland Park is called Sunnyside. These are in the tradition of Sniffen Court in Manhattan’s Murray Hill, Wogan Terrace in Bay Ridge, and Charlotte Street in Ridgewood. This house, facing Warwick, is especially interesting with its large interior porch with dozens of paned windows looking west on Jamaica Avenue, and also what must be the original iron fence and gate.
However, Ridgewood Avenue is named for the nearby former Ridgewood Reservoir, just to the north in Highland Park. This memorial, dedicated to the Cypress Hills World War I dead, reportedly employed bodybuilder Charles Atlas as the model. The city of Brooklyn purchased the original parcel in 1856 for the construction of Ridgewood Reservoir. The house was built a short time after 1800 and was located on the farm belonging to Wilhelmus Stoothoff, who acquired the land from Jan Barents Bloom in 1799. It runs directly above the high pressure water main lines that were used to transport water from Ridgewood reservoir to the former water pumping station at Conduit Boulevard and Atlantic Avenue. Bennett might not be totally happy with Leggio, since his name replaced Bennett’s on the triangle here in 1988. Every one of its over 21,000 stones bears the cross that appears on the gravestone of a military veteran. Its site had already been established before its national designation, as part of the larger Cypress Hills Cemetery.
Only the Gettysburg and Arlington Cemeteries contain more Civil War veterans killed at Gettysburg than does Cypress Hills National. Martin served in the military for 30 years, 1874-1904, and later served at the 103rd Street IRT subway station taking tickets in the days before tokens. Your webmaster has kept his, just in case Con Ed has trouble coughing up juice for an extended period.

This sign commemorates Dexter Park, built as a racetrack at the Brooklyn-Queens line in the 1800s.
The corner sign marks the only place where double-digit Avenue meets a double-digit Street in Queens.
The retained structure provided an overpass for those transferring to or from the Manhattan-bound IND Subway which runs underneath Fulton. In 1896, the problem of what to do with the northern end of the line was solved when a ramp was built to connect new Kings County Elevated that ran along Fulton Street to the Brooklyn & Brighton Beach from a junction at Franklin and Fulton, bridging Atlantic Avenue and connecting to the Brighton several blocks south of that point. In those days, surface trains did not take power from today’s third rail, but instead from overhead trolley wire. Many cross streets would be depressed to travel under the embankment, but some, such as Avenues I and X, would stop at the embankment, vexing travelers to this day.
By 1918, the Brighton’s Prospect Park station had been expanded to accept both trains from the Manhattan Bridge and from the Fulton Street El. The first car held the rails, suffering only minor damage, but the second and third cars derailed, the second being demolished and the third nearly so. The abandoned platform and rubble strewn trackbed is now a memory as a complete renovation has taken place on the shuttle.
Massachusetts Senator John Kerry married his wife Teresa in 1995; she had inherited her fortune from her deceased husband, ketchup king John Heinz, who perished in an airplane crash in 1991. One of the old utility poles that carried electric power on the old Brighton Beach RR can be seen in the picture, and just inside the fence next to the pole can be seen ancient tracks that could be the last remnants of the old Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railroad (see photo above). Fred got ill shortly before graduation and we were devastated to hear that he had passed away at age 18.
When the grade crosing was eliminated in 1905, Park Place was depressed to allow traffic to continue uninterrupted.
In 1928 the station was closed when it was replaced by the current Botanic Garden station at Eastern Parkway. The renovations also exposed the brick interior of the barrel-vaulted tunnel that takes the line under Eastern Parkway, and the renovations also relocated an old Transit Police precinct to allow a transfer between the Shuttle and the IRT under Eastern Parkway. In the late 1990s, Eastern Parkway was reconstructed with new lampposts and stoplights inspired by Henry Bacon’s 1907 design for park lampposts. A couple of miles to the west, Carroll Street is carried over the Gowanus Canal byanother unusual bridge. The company merged with the New York and Brooklyn Brewing Company and formed the Interborogh Brewing Company in 1913.
Across the street on Flatbush Avenue is the old Bond Bread clock tower; Bond, still in business when I was a kid, issued Brooklyn Dodgers trading cards in the 1950s. The station itself looked like it had been opened in 1916 and last maintained in 1917 — wooden platforms, incandescent lights, temporary patches in the platform, holes. I remember the dilapidated, filthy, abandoned platform, and the remains of the old Fulton Street elevated — complete with token booth, platform lights, and passenger shelters.
You were supposed to toss the ticket into a bin and go through a wicket-style gate into the subway.
Another Indian Trail, intersecting this one at Jamaica, ran along the line of Flushing Main Street, Kissena Boulevard, and Parsons Boulevard.
Other roads, coming from the various county towns, and connecting with the Ferry Road, were also improved under the act.
It originally faced Georgia Avenue , but when they did a significant expansion they turned the Chapel sideways to make more room.
In 1997 it was renamed for the great Brooklyn Dodgers star from 1947 to 1957 on the fiftieth anniversary of his callup to the big leagues. Its main drag, Highland Boulevard, is worth a FNY page in itself as it contains a number of mansions that overlook East New York from a promontory.
In 1905, New York City added to the park by purchasing land originally situated on the Schenck family farm, and the final piece was added by 1908 with the purchase of a few acres belonging to the former Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity. In that first year, a National Cemetery established in Sharpsburg, Maryland became the final resting place for 4, 476 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, the bloodiest day in US history. Additional land was acquired in 1882 with the aid of Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln (son of the President) as well as 1941, when its Mount of Victory and Union plots, in Cypress Hills Cemetery proper, north of National Cemetery, were donated by New York State. It was rerouted there in 1988 after the elevated structure out to 168th Street was demolished in 1978. As circumstances would have it, 11th Avenue doesn’t meet 11th Street, and neither do 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77 (77th Street has to be skipped in Glendale for that to happen!) or 99.
Since a route through Prospect Park was impossible in this pre-subway era, it was decided to build a tremch through the hill at Crown Heights (then known as Crow Hill) and run the line below grade, connecting with the Long Island Rail Road tracks at Atlantic Avenue.
There was simply too great a risk of accidental electrocution if a third rail were to be used on the surface.
Brighton Beach BRT service continued along the parallel LIRR Manhattan Beach branch while the grade crossing elimination project was underway. But the stage was set for both the worst accident in NYC subway history and for the orphaning of the stretch of the Brighton Beach between Prospect Park and Fulton Street. That day, dispatcher Antonio Luciano was assigned as motorman on the Brighton Line that ran at that time from Park Row over the Brooklyn Bridge (which had train traffic at the time) and Fulton Street to the current Franklin Shuttle.
Teresa had to switch her party designation from Republican to Democrat to avoid any awkwardness during the campaign.
This placed the roadbed as much as three feet under the sidewalk, so steps and railings were built to allow entrance and exit to the roadbed. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden was constructed on the site of an old ash dump across Flatbush Avenue from Prospect Park in 1910. The main road and these feeder lines, became one system, known under the common name of Kings Highway. Fulton Street, meanwhile, follows the colonial trail formerly called Kings Highway west to Fulton Ferry. It was previously known as the Interborough Parkway despite spending less than a mile in Brooklyn. It has been left untouched for several years by the city and has largely been returned to nature.
Leggio served as a Boy Scout Leader, a Block Association President, and organizer of local Memorial Day and “We Love Cypress Hills Day” parades. Today the National Cemetery network consists of 136 cemeteries, 120 administered by the US Department of Veterans Affairs.
The Mount of Victory plot in Cypress Hills Cemetery is the final resting place of the last surviving veteran of the war of 1812, Hiram Cronk, who died in 1905 at age 105. 22 Congressional Medal of Honor winners, marked by gold-lettered, marble headstones, are here. The school was built in the 1930s at 999 Jamaica Avenue and was named for Franklin Knight Lane (1864-1921), Secretary of the Interior during the Woodrow Wilson administration. The El was cut back in 1940 to the section between Rockaway Avenue and Lefferts until El service was completely eliminated in 1956.
This portion of the LIRR was itself submerged in a tunnel under this part of the avenue from 1903-1905.
Even today, unused utility poles that carried the wire still can be seen along the Franklin Shuttle’s length, a remnant of the pre-third rail and grade crossing elimination days. One day I got off the train and walked through the fare control building to see what it was like — the clerk was reading a book. Its pristine state is currently under scrutiny by the city, which would like to build athletic fields in its place. The most famous is the National Cemetery in Arlington, VA (located on the grounds of the great Confederate general Robert E.
The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action given to a member of the armed services; it is generally awarded personally by the President.
Today, only the Liberty Avenue El between Grant Avenue and Lefferts Boulevard, constructed in 1915, was part of the flagship line of the Kings County RR. After a dispute with the directors, he returned to the hotel business in 1907, and died in 1915 at the age of forty-six.
Obviously someone painted that new sign and must have replaced the glass after someone broke it (maybe a car hit it?).

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