Woodland period foods,subway new york city day pass london,amazon train set for christmas tree decorations - Step 3

11.02.2015
Woodland IndiansAbout North Georgia Definitions The term Woodland Indians was created in 1932 to describe a prehistoric culture that was significantly different than the nomadic Archaic Indians that roamed the eastern third of the North American Continent from 6000 B.
The cultural development that occurred in the Archaic Indians can be seen in the change in their pottery, the first difference noted by archeologists. Between 500BC and 300AD a cultural movement from the west brought new pottery styles into North Georgia.
In 500 AD the Late Woodland Period began, and is generally marked by a cultural collapse as the Hopewellian Moundbuilder trading network failed.
Early Woodland cultures made more complex forms of pottery, adding artistic touches before firing and tempering the pottery to make it better withstand the demands of the time. The change is important because it indicated an increased sphere of influence for a settlement and perhaps reciprocal trade (trade with other Woodland groups). It is also possible that this change reflects the earliest influence in North Georgia of Archaic Moundbuilders from Poverty Point or Adena Moundbuilders from the Ohio and Upper Mississippi. Woodland Indians near the shore created patterns with shells in sand-tempered pottery while interior artists would use grasses, reeds, or a form of twine to create patterns.


This period is generally referred to as Middle Woodland. Among the trade goods used by the North Georgia Woodlands Indians are mica and quartz while they received copper, obsidian and galena.
It is the third and final general cultural description applied to native people prior to the formation of tribes, the final stage of development of these prehistoric people. As the culture matured the patterns became more intricate and the North Georgia Woodlands cultures began tempering the clay pots with fiber. A second shift occurred in conjunction with the increased intricacy of pottery designs that is also used by archeologists to differentiate between the Archaic culture and the Woodland culture. In general, the economic stimulus brought about by the increase in trade probably also saw the earliest stages of tribal formation, but this would be similar to rudimentary clan-like groups to protect resources like food and field important to the survival of the culture. During the Middle Woodland period throughout the North American continent, most nomadic tribes began to form permanent settlements. In general the nomadic, subsistence ways of the Archaic hunters were slowly replaced by Woodland farmers, although this change, once thought to have occurred with dramatic speed probably took nearly a thousand years. Only in the area east of the Mississippi River and south of the Cumberland River did a large number of nomadic groups continue to exist.
Archeologists believe that abundant game, especially deer, made it possible for some groups to continue their nomadic ways.
For example, remains of wood structures can normally be detected when excavating a non-nomadic Woodland site.


They could grow small crops, mostly squash-like plants and beans, and add fish to get the majority of nourishment.
Archeologists refer to the period between 2000BC and 1000 BC as transitional or formational because during that time some, but not all, tribes exhibited signs of the change. By 1000 BC the interior Archaic cultures had also begun to settle down and Woodland sites begin to show evidence of nearby cultivation and dwellings. Tools designed to be used in planting, cutting and serving food are found to increase as a Woodland site matured.
During this period some groups of Woodland Indians were still nomadic and prospered because of available non-cultivated food including meat, fish, nuts and berries.



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