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01.01.2015
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Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations. SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar i??speed enforcement systems. SML Contracted To Teach At Sheppard Air Force Base-SML has received confirmation that it will be teaching the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Instructor Course to the Air Police at Sheppard Air Force Base in Wichita Falls. Enforcing City-Wide Bans Article To Be Published-SML has researched the use of hand held cell phones while driving in cities with and without city-wide cell phone bans during the first half of 2010 with the assistance of local law enforcement agencies. A A A  Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations.A  An average of 90% among the four grading criteria is required for instructor certification. A A  Officer Leonard Redhorse received SMLa€™s TOP GUN Award as being the top student in the class. SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials.A  SML serves many federal, state, and local courts as a court recognized expert witness in law enforcement use of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar speed enforcement systems. SML taught NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to law enforcement agencies in Las Cruces, NM in March 2010. SML To Serve Texas State University As Consultant-SML met with professorial faculty of Texas State University in March to participate in a longitudinal study on the effectiveness of a state-wide ban on hand held cell phone use in school zones. As Texas has made the use of cell phones in school zones a primary offense, officers can make a traffic stop for the offense. SML Launches Research Into Double Fines-During the quarter, SML has conducted research in work zones with and without Double Fine laws to determine if therei?? is a difference between work zone speeds with and without the notifications. SML Testifies For Corpus Christi, TX As An Expert Witness-At the invitation of the Prosecutora€™s Office of Corpus Christi, TX SML served the court as court recognized a€?expert witnessa€? in a January 2010 trial. Navajo Nation Law Enforcement Agency Invites SML To Assist In Controlling Speeds-February saw SML travel to Window Rock, NM to assist the Navajo Nation Police Agency in exploring new technologies in controlling speeds in what has become the deadliest highway in the i??nation, U.S.
Illinois HB6083 Laser Gun Judicial Notice Bill Close To Reality-HB6083 filed on 11 March 2010 standardizes laser gun judicial notice state-wide. SML Teaches DBC At North Richland Hills, TX Police Department-In February 2010, SML taught officers of the North Richland Hills Police Department, 120 sworn officers, the Distance i??Between Cars, DBC, feature of their new Laser Technology Inc. Annual Detector Test Date Finalized-SML has announced 25,26,27 June 2010 for the dates of its Annual Detector Test.
SML Serves Ohio As Expert Witness-At the request of the Hamilton, Ohio Prosecutora€™s Office, SML testified as a court recognized expert witness in severali?? a€?judicial noticea€? trials during April 2010. Members of he Chicago Bar Association comprised of judges, defense lawyers, prosecutors, and officers from the Chicago Police Department attended the meeting in early April in downtown Chicago. Public Roads To Publish SML Work Zone Speed Limit Research-Public Roads Magazine, NHTSA, has been forwarded SML Research Project: #SML10-286-Speed Limit Compliance In Deadly, Dangerous Work Zones. Results of the SML research ranged where only .03% of Texas drivers were obeying the work zone speed limit of 50 mph to 15% obeying the work zone speed limit of 60 mph in Arkansas.
All new models of radar detectors werei?? evaluated to see if theiri?? performance matched their claims. SML Contracted To Teach NHTSA Standard Radar Laser Instruction At Navajo Nation-SML has been contracted by the Navajo Nation Police Agency to teach Master Radar Laser Instructor Curriculum to officers in Shiprock, New Mexico in late July 2010. SML taughtA  NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to law enforcement agencies in Las Cruces, NM in March 2010.
A A A  As Texas has made the use of cell phones in school zones a primary offense, officers can make a traffic stop for the offense. SML Launches Research Into Double Fines-During the quarter, SML has conducted research in work zones with and without Double Fine laws to determine if there is a difference between work zone speeds with and without the notifications.A  This research compliments current SML research into compliance with interstate work zone speed limits began in 2009.
Navajo Nation Law Enforcement Agency Invites SML To Assist In Controlling Speeds-February saw SML travel to Window Rock, NM to assist the Navajo Nation Police Agency in exploring new technologies in controlling speeds in what has become the deadliest highway in the nation, U.S. SML Teaches DBC At North Richland Hills, TX Police Department-In February 2010, SML taught officers of the North Richland Hills Police Department, 120 sworn officers, the Distance Between Cars, DBC, feature of their new Laser Technology Inc. All new models of radar detectors were evaluated to see if their performance matched their claims. SML Contracted To Teach NHTSA Standard Radar Laser Instruction At Navajo Nation-SML has been contracted by the Navajo Nation Police Agency to teach Master Radar Laser Instructor Curriculum to officers in Shiprock, New Mexico in late July 2010.A  Officers will follow dictates of the benchmark court decision of Honeycutt v. Many courts have held laser may not be used past 1,000 feet due to the possibility that part of the laser beam might strike an adjacent vehicle.
Many times on the stand the officer will be asked the specific speed they visually observed a suspect vehicle prior to taking enforcement action. Officer Steven Wood of the Bexar County Sheriffa€™s Office, pictured above with the LTI laser gun was determined the Top Gun, top student, in the class scoring 396.58 of a possible 400 points. Radar In School Zone Research Published-With thei?? assistance of the El Paso ISD Police Department, i??SMLa€™s research article a€?Radar In School Zonesa€? was published in the fall 2011, Vol. To study the effects of visible use of radar in school zones, SML and Edgar Garcia of El Paso ISD Police measured some 347 drivers for their speed and cell phone use on September 20, 2011. SML To Be Published By Police And Security News-Confirmation has been received that SMLa€™s article a€?It Will Happen To Youa€? will be published by the national law enforcement publication in an upcoming issue.
SML Exhibits And Speaks At New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention-December 7-9 saw SML exhibit at the New Mexico Chiefs of Police Annual Convention in Albuquerque, NM.
Such discussions had been conducted at previous state-wide conventions as SML has attended the last six state-wide conventions of the Chiefs of Police of New Mexico. SML Attends The Annual Convention Of The International Association of Chiefs Of Police-SML attended the annual convention of the IACP held in Chicago during the last week of October 2011. Handling Citizen Complaints About Speeding-December 13-14 saw SML meet with officers of the Las i??Cruces New Mexico Police Department. Results presented to the complainant are color coded with green meaning no problem, yellow meaning a potential problem, and red a definite problem. SML teaches at Emergency Operations Center in San Antonio, Texas.A  SML taught the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Certification curriculum to several police agencies December 19-21, 2011. A A A  Officer Steven Wood of the Bexar County Sheriffa€™s Office, pictured above with the LTI laser gun was determined the Top Gun, top student, in the class scoring 396.58 of a possible 400 points.
Radar In School Zone Research Published-With the assistance of the El Paso ISD Police Department, SMLa€™s research article a€?Radar In School Zonesa€? was published in the fall 2011, Vol.
Handling Citizen Complaints About Speeding-December 13-14 saw SML meet with officers of the Las Cruces New Mexico Police Department.
A A A  Results presented to the complainant are color coded with green meaning no problem, yellow meaning a potential problem, and red a definite problem.A  Home owners, tax payers, customers greatly appreciate this service provided by the Las Cruces Police Department and tell others, a€?something is being done about speeding in my neighborhood!a€? SML does not sell Jamar products.


Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. Field exercises mandated officers be able to estimate speeds of vehicles as many courts require i??the officer to establish a valid visual tracking history prior to substantiate their observation with a radar or laser gun reading.
Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s action in a deadly pursuit.
Students were also required to compute a speed field study to the 85th percentile using a speed display furnished by SML.A  Students recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles with no speed display present and then recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles when a speed display attached to a SML vehicle was used. Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s actionA  in a deadly pursuit.A  The pursuit involved the use of police radar guns as well as established pursuit procedures. The focus of the study is to determine if the ban has reduced accident i??and fatalities in school zones.
When seat belt legislation was first passed it was viewed legally as a secondary offense meaning the officer could not make a traffic stop for the infraction. The Chicago Police Department presented a PowerPoint presentation of training and use of laser systems by the Department. The focus of the study is to determine if the ban has reduced accident and fatalities in school zones.A  TSU intends to use SMLa€™s long term study of cell phone use in school zones in Illinois, Colorado, and Texas completed in late 2009. Both research projects will be combined for national publication in police and public safety publications.A  Analysis has been made in Mississippi, Alabama, and Colorado. The Annual Test will take place in El Paso on a test course SML has used for the past ten years. Both El Paso and Las Cruces enacted city-wide bans on hand held cell phone use while driving in early spring of 2010. Digital Ally has renamed the new entry Laser Ally.A  See Digital Allya€™s website for specifications and details about the new entry. Scoring was determined by four criteria all with a maximum value of 100 each being: testing, field exercises, class participation, and a student graded presentation.
Units of the El Paso ISD Police Department and several officers were highly visible in the same school zone of Beall Elementary School on Piedras Street in El Paso. This department is a national leader in offering service to citizens who complain about speeding in their neighborhoods.
Part of the activities require officers to conduct field surveys of estimating the speeds of 100 vehicles and the distances of 50 vehicles.A  The courts have held a Valid Visual Tracking History is necessary before the officer verifies the actual speed of the target vehicle with a radar or laser speed assessment system.
Scoring was determined by four criteria all with a maximum value of 100 each being:A  testing, field exercises, class participation, and a student graded presentation.
It gives helpful hints into what officers must know when they testify.A  With the poor economy, more and more speeding citations are being challenged in court. Once the Jamar Speed Enforcement Evaluator is removed, many times Radar In Use signs are put up.
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The media report also found radar guns, tuning forks, and officers had not been re-certified per state directives, i.e. SMLa€™s role was to describe to the members the history of lasera€™s use by law enforcement, present a summary of legal cases from around the country on laser use by law enforcement, and a description of the scientific principles involved in laser assessment of speeds. Las Cruces recently passed a ban on all hand held cell phone use in the city of 100,000.A  El Paso, Tx, some 45 miles away passed a similar ban by a city council vote of 5-3. It further intends to use SMLa€™s research of compliance with the new law related to enforcement of the legislation.
Such a listing is necessary to compile reliable data on cell phone use before and after causation.
SML intends to expand the sample size to include New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona in the final analysis. By attaching speed displays to patrol units via a standard 2a€? trailer hitch, many objections of speed displays are eliminated.A  The use of radar trailers is cumbersome and requires a spot to set them up.
The TruCam also features a built-in GPS module along with video capability.A  Other attempts have been made to mate a digital camera with laser guns. Officers will also be required to estimates speeds and distances of vehicles in the establishment of a valid visual tracking history. All officers were requested to bring with them to class the Operators Manual of their radar or laser gun provided by the manufactureri??. These officers were told to turn on their Stalker II, Ka band radar units at 34.7 GHz and leave them in the constant transmit mode.
Citizen complaints about neighborhood speeding are at the top of the list of calls received by dispatch. All officers were requested to bring with them to class the Operators Manual of their radar or laser gun provided by the manufacturer. The percentage of drivers on their phone in the school zone was 6% and 58.8% of school zones drivers were at or below the school zone speed limit of 15 mph.
Some 300 Sheriffs and staff from California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and Texas attended. The suspect fled the scene although police had correctly used Code 3 procedures, and eluded officers resulting in a fatal crash. The cell phone ban cities are using tint meters and laser guns that take pictures of offenders to help enforce local ordinances.A A  Cities using photo enforcement already have the legal judicial notice for such use. SML also presented to the members Illinois use and legislative approval of laser based photo systems used in Illinois work zones per the legislature approved law 625 ILCS 7-Automated Traffic Control Systems in Highway Construction and Maintenance Zones.
Radar Signals replaces the newsletter Radar Waves.A  Radar Waves is updated every three months.
With laser guns, SML recommended to the court a Daily Laser Verification Log be kept by all officers using laser guns for speed enforcement.A  This log contains daily checks of the laser gun before it is put into speed enforcement use and includes a Known Distance Test and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment test.
However, these attempts have been bulky and heavy.A  The TruCam gives police agencies evidence of speeding inA  a compact package easily used by one officer. Officers were also required to log and demonstrate the correct set up procedure of each device including checking the accuracy of transmission using tuning forks in the case of radar and establishing and shooting a Known Distance and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment with laser. The research wanted to see if the addition of radar in school zones would have any effect of speeds driven. 2d 225, the court ordered the a€?officer must be able to establish that the target vehicle was within the beam widtha€? at the time of the infraction. Officers were also required to log and demonstrate the correct set up procedure of each device including checking the accuracy of transmission using tuning forks in the case of radar and establishing and shooting a Known Distance and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment with laser.A  Both of these external tests were logged by the officers for potential use as proof the device was operating properly. The research wanted to see if the addition of radar in school zones would have any effect of speeds driven.A  We also wanted to see if the percentages changed of drivers on their cell phones while in the school zones. Officer Joy Mickendrow of the Neighborhood Enforcement Team was in charge of the program before she was promoted to detective.A  However, the program continues.
El Paso, TX and Las Cruces, NM have had great success in the reduction of hand held cell phones by drivers. SML has combined a listing of requirements from all fifty states on the training and re-certification of equipment including tuning forks. United States Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood in a meeting of 21 September 2010 alluded to a national ban on hand held cell phone use similar to national mandates of seat belt legislation.A  States were encouraged to enforcement such seat belt use legislation under the threat of withholding federal highway funds.


SML called for a standardized training program with strong recommendations on re-certification of tuning forks, radar and laser guns, and officers. Police laser guns are distance measuring devices first patented for police speed enforcement use by Laser Technologies Inc., LTI, in 1989. All of these assessed work zones had different work zone speed limits ranging from 50 mph-60 mph. A unique feature of the TruCam is DBC or Distance Between Cars.A  This feature automatically monitors a lead vehicle and trailing vehicle to report if the trailing vehicle is traveling too close to the lead vehicle resulting in a citation. A third criteria will be the officers presenting to the class a thirty minute presentation for evaluation. The internal test button of both radar and laser guns do not measure the accuracy of the transmission of each device and should not be used a prima facie evidence of the correct operational accuracy of each device.A  Departments should establish their own standards on officer training, certification of officers, and time periods for re-certification of equipment including tuning forks.
El Paso is unique in that the City Council of El Paso passed and adopted a city-wide Ordinance No.
First, most of these complaints are based on the noise of drivers.A  Unfortunately, most of citizens confuse the noise made by drivers as speeding, when it is not the case. A warning letter is then sent to the driver on Las Cruces Police Department stationary telling them they were observed speeding. SML used the instructional manual of Understanding Police Traffic Radar And Laser, Library of Congress # 98-87615 with accompanying PowerPoint CD. Laser use by law enforcement is dramatically increasingly as it can pinpoint one vehicle in a group and now with inclement weather mode can be operated inside the vehicle through the windshield by officers. Unfortunately, the fleeing suspect died at the scene after a head on collision with an approaching vehicle. Senator John McCain.A  Training officers from the various departments were in attendance and sought SMLa€?s advice on NHTSA and state training requirements for the operation of police radar and laser guns. USDOT issued similar mandates to states when determining alcohol BAC levels of .08% for DUI enforcement.
The first police laser was sold in 1991.A  Laser for laser enforcement has been with us longer than the internet.
Females were twice as likely to be on their phones in both groups compared to male drivers.
All work zones were on interstate highways with speed limits ranging from 70 mph to 60 mph before and after the work zone speed limit.
A good rule is to use the same training and re-certification requirements of the state police agency within an individual state. The After percentage of drivers at or below the posted speed limit changed significantly with 96.8% of drivers driving at or below the 15 mph school zone limit.
Attending officers were required to present to the class a formal presentation on the topic of their choice which was graded by fellow class members.
This report questioned all fifty state police training academies for particular requirements.A  NHTSA recommends training programs and standards to the states and local jurisdictions. Expect the federal government to issue similar notification to states regarding the use of handheld cell phone while driving.
The first working laser was introduced by Theodore Maiman in 1960 and was immediately put into use by NASA measuring the distance from the earth to the moon and determining the speed of rotation of both celestial bodies.A  As a result of SMLa€™s testimony, all defendants were found guilty and the court issued judicial notice on all laser and radar speed enforcement system used by the departments. SML reviewed research from various state DOTs and federal agencies all agreeing drivers drive the speed they feel a€?reasonable and prudenta€? regardless of the posted speed limit. Tuning forks are not interchangeable and must stay with the radar gun as delivered by the manufacturer.A  Quoting from the Operators Manual of a major manufacturer of radar guns in their section Why Testing Is Important, a€?In order to ensure continued compliance with FCC rules, meet legal requirements for admissibility or radar speed measurements, and verify full operating performance, the following test procedures are recommended. 5501, effective September 1, 2009 meaning the City of El Paso is responsible for enforcing violations city-wide.
SML is conducting this project for an upcoming article titled a€?Handling Citizen Complaints About Speedinga€? which will appear in national law enforcement publications.
These recent and precedent setting court decisions are of great assistance to officers and prosecutors in assuring the court and the public that officers properly use and test speed measurement systems in speeding trials. It is not a matter of a€?ifa€? the federal government will issue such restrictions, but a€?whena€?.A  According to USDOT, Traffic Safety Facts, cell phone use and texting has now become the number #3 cause of accidents and fatalities in the county. SML is working with several manufacturers to have the display move showing approaching vehicle speeds under patent applied for provisions. SML did notice in both El Paso and Las Cruces a greater number of drivers using hands free devices in making calls while driving.A  This research is to be nationally published and forwarded to Texas State University for review. A total sample size of 4,413 vehicles were assessed for their speed in work zones with a Kustom Signals Inc. Two tuning forks are supplied with each radar gun.a€? Departments should verify that equipment re-certification companies re-certify equipment to standards accepted as they appear in DOT HS 809 812 (radar) and DOT Hs 809 811 (laser). The percentage of drivers on their hand held cell phones was also reduced dramatically with the After sample showing only 2% of the drivers on their phones compared to the Before sample of 6%.
Increasingly, citizens are challenging speeding tickets and requiring officers to make court appearances.A  The article provides departments and officers a step by step approach in preparing for such court appearances. Increasingly, Courts and the public are questioning not only training requirements of the officers but operation of the systems in accordance with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar or laser system.
ProLaser III tied to a laptop containing Kustoma€™s LaserStat program which automatically accumulates individual work zone speed limit compliance percentages.
During the home visit, Officer Mickendrow presents the statistics from the Jamar pole mounted Speed Enforcement Evaluator. Graduates of the Master Radar Laser Instructor Course are certified to teach other officers to Operator or Master Radar Laser Instructor certification standards. Clearly, the visibility of radar use in the measured school zone was effective.A  SML advised the El Paso ISD Police Department to initiate RET meaning Random Enforcement Techniques in their school zones. Texas Transportation Institute, University of Nebraska, and the University of Kansas as reported in other national studies.
Research conducted by the Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A & M University in their published article Effect Of The Work Zone Double Fine Law In Texas found such restrictions as doubling speeding fines and signs had no effect on the average speed of drivers. RET is random as the name implies.A  Effective measures are placing of School Zone Radar Equipped letters on the rear bumper of each unit, placing additional signs of Radar In Use in the school zone, and using a radar display attached to the police unit. Performance standards of radar and laser systems must comply with the following federal documents:A  DOT HS 809 812 for radar and DOT HS 809 811 for laser. Such a radar display shows oncoming driers their speed and should be placed at the entrance to the school zone.A  On some days there is no visible radar in the school zone.
On other days there is.A  Such random enforcement techniques work and do not require constant visibility of police units in school zones. Drivers will not take the chance of getting caught speeding or using hand held cell phones in school zones.



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