Change management theory framework,the secret 2006 film quotes love,the lost secret of fairies - Try Out

27.07.2014
McKinsey consultants Peters & Waterman were the most popular in the 80s and 90s because they co-authored the book In Search of Excellence.
In 1958, Ron Lippitt, with his colleagues Jeanne Watson and Bruce Westley, wrote a book called The Dynamics of Planned Change. The power of McKinsey was that they practiced social science according to professional discipline rather than an academic discipline. The Change Management Iceberg deals with the both the apparent and unseen barriers to change in an organization. The Change Management Iceberg is best implemented by leaders who accept that the most obvious barriers to change such as cost, quality and time are only the tip of the iceberg and stronger, more influential barriers lie beneath. The basis of change management theory lies in the fact that most managers tend to only focus on the apparent barriers such as cost, quality and time instead of giving attention to more powerful issues such as perception, beliefs, power and politics.
Another dimension to this theory is the people involved in the change and to what level they may promote or oppose it. To overcome the barriers presented by the Change Management Iceberg there are three types of management types which must be implemented. Issue Management: The top of the iceberg which includes cost, quality and time are factors of Issue Management.


Management of Perceptions and Beliefs: Understanding both the outward and hidden perceptions and beliefs of people must be considered to overcome change barriers. Power and Politics Management: For those who are involved in the change and need slight convincing, power and politics can play a valuable role. The Kind of Change: Changes which affect ‘Hard Things’ are comparatively superficial, such as information system and processes. The Applied Change Strategy: Strategies may be revolutionary and dramatic such as business process reengineering or evolutionary and incremental such as in Kaizen. Promoters have a positive attitude towards change and expect to gain benefits from it and will thus support it. Potential Promoters have a positive attitude towards the change but are not entirely convinced of its benefits; they can be converted to Promoters by management of power and politics. Hidden Opponents may seem to support change but internally have a negative attitude towards it. The problem is that NO EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE can back this up.  It is a whimsical theory, not proven science. The TRUTH is that very few clinical psychologists have studied this model applied to death and dying.  NO organizational psychologists have tested this model, let alone prove it.


It was developed by Wilfried Kruger and attempts to force management to look at the hidden challenges required to implement change.
The theory also derives types of implementation based on the kind of change to occur and the strategy which is to be applied. Thus, Kruger believed that the foundation of change is directly related to management of perception, beliefs, power and politics.
Change which affects “SoftThings” go deeper in the organization, such as values and mindsets. Management of perceptions and beliefs along with issue management can be used to change their outlook of change. Management of perception and beliefs must be used to change their attitude as much as possible.
By understanding how all these link together to create barriers leaders will be able to better implement the change they wish to bring about.




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