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Gaining the ability to convince everyone you encounter will allow you more freedom in your life because you are able to make people do what you need them to do without having to become overly authoritative.
Don’t lose your chance and join thousands of readers today before the price becomes higher! While improvements in educator evaluation are still evolving, the research and policy communities agree that a high quality teacher evaluation system includes several features. A number of reform-minded districts charted an early path implementing comprehensive changes to their evaluation systems. Nevertheless, creating more robust teacher and principal evaluation systems will not, in isolation, lead to significant improvements in educator quality. Another critical aspect of redesigning evaluation systems is how to meaningfully involve teachers in the process.
Engaging teachers in evaluation reform is an initiative of American Institutes for Research and Public Agenda, with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
This free online resource center provides an easy-to-use model for widespread teacher-led conversations on evaluation reform that are constructive and solutions-oriented, using structured conversation tools and activities, with the end goal of increasing teacher input into the policies that are developed.
Materials such as moderator’s guides, PowerPoint presentations, and discussion summary templates to help leaders organize discussions with teachers and bring their voices to the table. Closing persistent achievement gaps as well as raising achievement for all students will simply not be possible without recruiting and retaining sufficient teachers of the highest quality for every classroom. Teaching & LearningBy Angela Minnici Most teacher evaluation systems being developed at both the state and district levels rely on a theory of action that implies evaluation is a powerful lever for improving teaching performance and ultimately student outcomes. AccountabilityBy Laura Lefkowits Accountability, as practiced these days under the No Child Left Behind Act and various state systems, purports to be about improvement.
Learning EnvironmentsBy Donna James, Laura Lefkowits and Robin Hoffman In the 21st century, the need to prepare students for success in college and career cannot be understated.
How Herbalists can Integrate with Integrity - Herbalists are one of the last health care modalities that remains unlicensed.
Plant Walk -On this walk we would meet local plants and discuss the importance of botanical characteristics (an examination of their individual parts), the plantsa€™ relationships with other plants, ethical and practical ways of wildcrafting species we see, plants from other areas that have similar uses, and real-life clinical applications. GI Tract Protocol - The GI tract protocol can be used for normalizing varied types of chronic digestive problems. Hispanic Herbalism - The Hispanic healing traditions of California, incorporating the herbal use of other cultures within the Latino experience.
Guerilla Herbalism - Street herbalism through helping the homeless, impoverished, and under insured, often under dangerous conditions.
Giving Back - Rosemary Gladstar, renowned herbalist and founder of United Plant Savers, talks at length about the importance of giving back to the natural world that provides the plants we use for medicine, and that imparts the wisdom needed now more than ever in these trying times. An Ecology of Healing: Health as Wholeness and Balance - Taught by Kiva Rose and Jesse Wolf Hardin, this class will be an in-depth exploration of healing as the bodya€™s natural effort to be whole and in balance. Foundational Herbcraft & Talking With Plants (with Kiva Rose) - A common sense look at how plants speak to use through our senses, and what theya€™re communicating. Foundational Herbcraft & Talking With Plants (with Jim McDonald) - A common sense look at how plants speak to use through our senses, and what theya€™re communicating.
Clinical Skills - Learn to evaluate energetic conditions (hot, cold, damp, dry, tense, relaxed etc.,) by complexion, tongue and pulse examination and simple questions. Herbs for the Muscular & Skeletal Systems - Herbal treatment of locomotor injuries, problems of aging, arthritis, gout, lyme disease and more. I am so excited to be registered for the following course and thought I would share the information with readers.
Join Herbalist, Nutritionist, and food lover, Darcey Blue French of Brighid’s Well Herbs for a 6 week online intensive course on the energetics of food, true nourishment, nutrition, relationship with place and food, nutritional healing and more. May 3, 2010 - June 21, 2010*Learn about the ways traditional healing systems such as Ayurveda and Chinese Medicine see food energetics, and use food as healing tools on a day to day basis. Darcey Blue French is an herbalist and food lover, who has over the years explored various ways of eating, interacting with food and preparing food. Due to the fact that I am working on my last three weeks of the semester while my husband is on a business trip,A  I have decided to re-post articles worthy of being passed along.
For those who are not familiar with the name,A  Paul Bergner is the director of the North American Institute of Medical Herbalism in Boulder, Colorado whichA  offers introductory, advanced, and clinical training in medical herbalism and clinical nutrition in the vitalist tradition. For those interested in more information,A  please check out the websites above you will find a wealth of information. The process for making HFCS is to chemically strip the sugars off of the starch in corn, freeing them up.A The process of making of agave nectar is similar (this is not agave sap), but the sugars are chemically stripped off of inulin starch, inulin being a fructo-oligosaccharide, having fructose as the dominant sugar in the chain, so the agave nectar might be 80-90% free fructose instead of 55% like the HFCS in soft drinks. I like to think that my childhood was unique but honestly there are a great number of folk out there who grew up in a very similar manner to me. There is a point to all of this.A  Herbalism is newer to me than the natural family living. I honestly am not sure of the answers but I thought I would throw the question out there as it is rumbling around in the back of my brain.A  What have you been thinking about today? Nutrition plays a vital role in a healthy nervous system but before you even think about what foods to eat, you should look at your eating patterns.A A  Are you skipping meals while taking in large amounts of stimulants or sugars? B Vitamins are also important to a healthy nervous system but it is important to note that there is too much of a good thing.A  Taking large doses of B vitamins (specifically B12)A  can lead to anxiety attacks and panic disorders.
As I examined the packets, I continued to like what I was reading and is there ever there a lot to read.A  These might be the most informative seed packets I have ever run across! All-in-all it seems like a good company and I plan on spending a good share of my gardening budget at their website. A lot of herbalists talk of using herbal infusions to support your body during and illness or perhaps as an alternative to a nutritional supplement in the form of a nourishing infusion.
They are quite useful; I have been making herbal preparations, for years now,A  with good results. You don’t hear many of them mentioningA  spaghetti sauce as an decoction although the acidic base of tomato sauce is wonderful for drawing minerals out of foods.
Keep in mind I am not talking about the watered-down, additive-laden prepared foodstuff you buy at the the megamarket.A A  I am talking of preparations you make yourself. I don’t remember exactly when it occurred to me that soups and broths are really just giant pots of herbal goodness. I realized that I don’t know that I ever have put our spaghetti sauce recipe on the blog, so I though I would use it here as an example of the herb to food ratio that is health-producing.
Beverages don’t have to be the boring preparations many people think of as medicinal infusions, either. There is an added benefit of incorporating these beverages into your daily diet.A  I have experimented with many different ways to get little ones to eat their herbs. I also dona€™t like using them from a sustainability standpoint.A  I dona€™t want my well-being to be dependent on any industry and it would be rather hypocritical of me to talk a good game about local sustainable food systems when half my nutrients are arriving on a boat from China.
For the next couple of weeks, I am going to post about different ways eating and cooking with herbs can help to improve your health. You’ll find complete instructions for building a simple robot chassis with servos, wheels, sensors, LEDs, and a speaker. Go ahead and book your session with one of our a€?Quit Cigarettes In 60 Minutesa€? specialists.
In the unlikely event that you find you have not become a happy non-smoker after your 60 minute sessiona€¦we will conduct AS MANY SESSIONS WITH YOU AS IT TAKES.
The new sense of focus in your healthy life and becoming the person you always knew you could be. No matter how hard you thought quitting cigarettes was, armed with the Quit60 program you have the single, most powerful tool in existence to quit in just 60 minutes. Did you know that ongoing studies over more than 50 years have shown that smokers who try to quit without some form of help fail more than 95% of the time! Maybe your smoking habit is triggered by something else: the drive home from work, a coffee break, the start of a new stressful project or even socialising with certain friends. It is true that smoking does provide a temporary hit from nicotine, just as, say, a couple of red wines. Also, non-smokers who have absolutely no dependence on cigarettes can (and do) just as easily suffer the negative physical effects of smoking without any addiction at all.
Quit60 uses a highly developed combination of NLP techniques and advanced hypnotherapy that allows clients to successful quit cigarettes in just one 60 minute session, guaranteed. For many years hypnosis has proven very helpful in modifyingA even the most deeply ingrainedA habits. Yet the Quit60 Method can offer such a guarantee because of our 95%+ success rate in just a single session.
The hypnosis component of the Quit60 Method allows you to access the deepest levels of your unconscious mind where your most ingrained habits are stored and actioned from.
The NLP component of the Quit60 Method reframes the patterns in both your conscious and unconscious mind that lead to your using cigarettes. Youa€™re probably thinking, a€?Is there any real difference between the Quit60 Method and other methods of hypnotherapy to quit smoking?a€? Well, leta€™s look at the statistics and you can see for yourself. The following graph clearly illustrates the difference between various therapies used to help you quit cigarettes. A The Quit60 Method has been proven to be close to 20 times more effective than going alone, 6 times better than standard NRTa€™s, and over four and a half times more effective than other methods of single session hypnotherapy.
And despite the obvious difference in success rates, many medical professionals are quite impressed with the results of even single-session hypnosis (perhaps because the main comparison is with the NRT treatments most commonly prescribed amongst the medical profession). Studies show that of those who try to quit smoking alone without any additional help or support (hypnosis or otherwise), the success rate is very low.
Those who use behaviour modification, NRT Therapy, or medication (specifically Zyban) approach an average about a 25% success rate. A more recent study (October 22, 2007, presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians) found hypnosis to be more than twice as effective as going a€?cold turkey,a€? and more than three times as effective as NRT. Singh, S (2011) a€?Popular antismoking drug raises chances of serious cardiac eventa€? Reported by S.
Such research is difficult to be comprehensive as it is not practical in all cases to follow up with test patients over a lifetime.
Call and ask for our FREE information package.A Alternatively, if you call and make a booking straight away, we will give you a $50 discount!
For hypnotherapy treatments, finding a qualified local therapist is extremely difficult, and if you do find one, you should expect to pay at least $200 a session (usually more for someone who is at the upper end of the success spectrum). If you are really serious about quitting, call us now.a€?Together we can ensure your success. 7The new sense of focus in your healthy life and becoming the person you always knew you could be. 1Studies show that of those who try to quit smoking alone without any additional help or support (hypnosis or otherwise), the success rate is very low.
2Those who use behaviour modification, NRT Therapy, or medication (specifically Zyban) approach an average about a 25% success rate. 4A more recent study (October 22, 2007, presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians) found hypnosis to be more than twice as effective as going a€?cold turkey,a€? and more than three times as effective as NRT. 8.Singh, S (2011) a€?Popular antismoking drug raises chances of serious cardiac eventa€? Reported by S. So you will spend at least $800 to $1,000 for 4 to 5 sessions and still only expect a 66% success rate. Realistically, if you do decide on using hypnotherapy to help you quit smoking and you shouldna€™t settle for anything less than Quit60 and our 95%= success rate and lifetime guarantee. You’ll find easy-to-understand methods that will dramatically enhance your convincing power! Aside from being able to motivate people, you also gain partners for whatever endeavor you have. As in any field, evaluations provide those managing the organization a clearer sense of each employee’s strengths and weaknesses so that decisions about promotion, professional development, assignment, and when necessary, dismissal can be made in a more thoughtful manner.
Used by evaluators to make consistent judgments of teachers’ instructional practice, classroom observations are the most common measure of teacher effectiveness and vary widely in how they are conducted and what they assess. Student growth on standardized tests refers to the test score change from one point in time to another point in time. Other student growth data includes information about the change in students’ performance on some measure such as a teacher- or district-developed test over two or more points in time. Instructional artifacts are used by evaluators to rate lesson plans, teacher assignments, teacher-created assessments, scoring rubrics, or student work on particular criteria, such as rigor, authenticity, intellectual demand, alignment to standards, clarity, and comprehensiveness. Portfolios are a collection of materials that exhibit evidence of exemplary teaching practice, school activities, and student progress.
Self-assessments consist of surveys, instructional logs, or interviews in which teachers report on their work in the classroom, the extent to which they are meeting standards, and in some cases the impact of their practice. For example, in order to address concerns about the fairness of using student test scores to evaluate teachers, Hillsborough County Public Schools, in Tampa, Florida, decided early on to focus on the growth in test scores between two points in time rather than a static achievement measure captured only once a year.
For instance, what if some teachers are not willing or not able to improve enough to fully meet students needs, or if there is not a ready supply of excellent teachers and principals to replace those who are consistently not meeting expectations?
Engaging teachers, as well as principals, is essential in order to create evaluations that are well-designed, implemented with fidelity, and sustainable for the long-term. Everyone at the Table has been used with success in Los Angeles, Detroit, Washington state, and elsewhere. An effective accountability system must be anchored in a teacher evaluation system that is informed by research and best practice and includes teacher voice in the design and implementation. Each evaluation system identifies essential teaching behaviors (often in the form of professional teaching standards) that define effective practice. But we all know that improvement requires more than just measurement.  Read complete message Accountability, as practiced these days under the No Child Left Behind Act and various state systems, purports to be about improvement. Countless researchers and pundits have pointed out the challenges faced by those without a high level of knowledge and skills when it comes to competing in the global marketplace. Read complete message "The Power to Transform” is the bold theme of AdvancED’s 2011 International Summit, a theme designed to push our thinking about school system change from the notion of “tinkering around the edges” to implementing full-scale transformation on behalf of improved outcomes for students. Using your powers of concentration, visualize a white light flowing from the palms of your hands and from your heart center, which is situated just in front of your breastbone.
When you start to feel this power flowing in you, then say out loud the girls’ names. This will be a combination storytelling class as well as practicalities of gathering plants. This will lead into Skullcap’s specific indications and contra-indications illustrated with colorful case histories, as well as the ecology and specifics of a number of western Scutellaria spp.
Many clients have compromised GI tracts from a fast food vegan or other extended elimination diets, protein deficiencies, or multiple nutritional deficiencies. California Hispanic herbalism differs from the Mexican or Tejano, or Southwest traditions due to the various native and foreign cultures which helped form it.
Special focus will be placed on of the body as a dynamic ecosystem instead of a battlefield. Jim and Kiva will explore the underlying elements of traditional western herbalism, including sense-based herbal energetics, primary herbal actions and ways of integrating these essential components into an effective healing practice.
Join Jim McDonald in an exploration of the fundamental role of diaphoretics in immunity, and how they can be used to support and enhance the body’s vital response to infections from influenza to the common cold.
Although Mercola is a little distasteful in his sensationalism, what he says in this case is true.
Even though digestion of the disaccharide to the monosaccharides take some time and acts as a partial brake, because the extracted sugar is very concentrated, compared to eating a naturally sugary food, the glucose and fructose surge in the system. A  So it is with a little bit of bemusement that I watch the latest explosion of the back-to-the land movement because I really never left it. A A  I giggle when we make homemade macaroni & cheese to take someplace and it is viewed as some sort of accomplishment because in my family that is pretty standard fare. A  IA  suppose I started the path about fifteen years ago although I have only been studying seriously about six years (around the same time I started blogging). A  How do we keep the message of the websites of today from being lost in a internet archive in the same way the poster above was lost in a file cabinet?
Bring to a boil; then lower heat and simmer for about 30 minutes, until the broth is thick. A  I thought I might offer a bit of advice as to how to eat your way to a healthier nervous system. The fun doesn’t stop on the outside though, so be quite careful when opening your first Botanical Interests seed packet. A  My Trionfo Violetto Pole Beans outgrew and outproduced my Kentucky Wonder Beans.A A  I think my Dwarf Blue KaleA  might still be alive out there under the piles of snow. You also don’t hear hot sauceA  tossed around as an herbal preparation but these are both excellent examples of ways you can incorporate more herbs into your diet. A A  It was probablyA  have been shortly after Darian became a vegetarian and I made my first batch of homemade vegetable broth.A  I know I definitely had a handle on it by the time I was making garlic broth to use in soups.
While I am sure that in cases where a blood test has shown there to be a deficiency, supplements can be useful to catch the body up.A A  I prefer to avoid the deficiency in the first place. A This is one of the reasons that I tend to focus on using herbs and foods that I can grow or wild-craft in my area. A When you dona€™t eat properly, your body does not find the nutrition in the food you eat, it will find the nutrients someplace in your body such as your bones, muscles or brain matter.A  A This is especially true of protein which your body will leach from your muscles or brain matter and vitamins and calcium which your body will take from your bones.
If you’re familiar with Arduino and have basic mechanical building skills, this book will show you how to construct a robot that plays sounds, blinks lights, and reacts to signals from an affordable electroencephalography (EEG) headband. You also get the code to program the Arduino microcontroller to receive wireless signals from the EEG.

After all, you want to be a non-smoker and youa€™ll easily save many times the cost of your investment. Whatever the trigger, the fact is that smoking is a habit and so is as much a part of your life as any other habit really.
Habits make life easier.A Imagine having to relearn how to drive or eat or clean your teeth every day. NOT SO!A If you want to see the effects of REAL physical addiction look up what happens to someone on crystal meth. But does drinking a couple of wines regularly and enjoying them make you addicted to alcohol? In fact over 30% of our successful clients report feeling as though they have never had a cigarette in their whole life! Our treatment process has been developed over more than ten years to correctly provide exactly what is needed to let youA change the way you think about and deal with your smoking habit. And whilstA multiple-session hypnosis has a reasonably high 66% success rate at helping people quit cigarettes, it is not complete enough in itself to guarantee you will become a lifelong non-smoker. The result is that nothing is left to guesswork or hope and every area that needs to be addresses to ensure success is dealt with as it should. Even multi-session standard hypnotherapy, the best of the alternative methods, is less than 60% as effective as Quit60. The study compared four separate quit smoking methods used by highly-motivated former hospital patients.A 50% of patients using hypnosis quit successfullyA after onlyA one hypnosis session with recorded sessions for follow-up. Yet the Quit60 Method, with more than ten years of 95%+ success with clients worldwide becoming lifetime non-smokers after a single session by far and away the most successful modality to quit cigarettes available today.
When people have attempted various methods to quit smoking and are not successful, they tend to talk about it more often.
He has written and co-written numerous leadership books and he’s a regular guest speaker of several Fortune 500 corporate events.
Did you know that gaining leverage doesn’t necessarily mean you have to have money and power?
In July 2012, the 26th state received an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Flexibility Waiver, marking relief for more than half of the states from many of the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act. In schools, there is an additional emphasis on the role of evaluations in providing detailed, constructive feedback to all teachers, including those that are considered generally effective already, with data that can inform continuous improvement in practice. High quality classroom observation instruments are standards-based and contain well-specified rubrics that delineate consistent assessment criteria for each standard of practice. It may also include growth in terms of behavior, musical performances, or portfolios of student work. Evaluators typically use an evaluation tool or rubric to make judgments about the quality of student artifacts. They are usually compiled by the teacher him or herself and may include teacher-created lesson or unit plans, descriptions of the classroom context, assignments, student work samples, videos of classroom instruction, notes from parents, and teachers’ analyses of their students learning in relation to their instruction. Self-assessments may include checklists, rating scales, rubrics, and may require teachers to indicate the frequency of particular practices. That way, teachers of special education or struggling students would not be at a disadvantage compared to classrooms with more gifted or high-performing students.
To ensure that all students receive a great education, education reformers must see these new and improved evaluation systems as the beginning and not the end of a larger, systemic set of initiatives to attract and retain educators.
Unfortunately, genuinely engaging teachers in the evaluation redesign process is perhaps the most neglected aspect of the reform process to-date.
Of course, transforming teacher accountability systems as one part of a comprehensive approach to educator talent management and development requires thoughtful planning, prioritizing, and resource allocation.
Sherratt has presented on teacher incentives, Generation Y teachers, human capital management, and equitable teacher distribution and is co-author of the book Improving Teacher Quality: A Guide for Education Leaders. Read complete message Most teacher evaluation systems being developed at both the state and district levels rely on a theory of action that implies evaluation is a powerful lever for improving teaching performance and ultimately student outcomes.
Read complete message In the 21st century, the need to prepare students for success in college and career cannot be understated.
In choosing this theme, AdvancED adds its voice to a growing chorus of demands for not just “change” or “reform” of schooling, but for “fundamental transformation” of education to a new, more robust system aligned with our hopes and dreams for the future.The More Things ChangeCalls for changes to the modern American public education system date back at least to the 1983 publication of “A Nation at Risk,” in which the National Commission on Excellence in Education scolded the educational establishment for the mediocrity of its product and warned of grave dangers to our national security and international competitiveness if significant change did not occur.
This class explores some of our options as herbalists to bring our unique set of skills and medicines to a wider audience.
Symptom pictures range from full-blown chronic fatigue symptoms to multiple food sensitivities and brain fog.
Included are foundational elements of working with the whole person and the whole plant rather than isolating or compartmentalizing either human or herb.
Special attention will be paid to the differentiation and use of diaphoretics that stimulate, relax or do both at once. The four pillars of evaluation and treatment - 1) energetics, 2) organ systems, 3) action and 4) specific indications. In nature typically in a piece of fruit, the sugar is a mixture of sucrose (glucose bound to fructose), free glucose, and free fructose.
The glucose enters the controlled glycolysis pathway, but the fructose bypasses it, and floods the Krebs cycle and the related fat-building pathway in large amounts, symbolically like a -flood- into those pathways below the control point in glycolysis. A  You need to eat enough to provide your body with the foods you need.A  It is almost impossible to do this with two meals a day so your body begins to crave foods that will give it that quick energy fix. There is nothing quite so satisfying as a healing soup simmering away slowly on the stovetop, while the flavors and properties of the herbs flow gently into the food. A Dona€™t fight with yourself (or your family) to entirely give up a questionable food substance, just dona€™t abuse your body with it and use the healthiest form of the substance possible. A A vast majority of health complaints in this country; fatigue, mental fogginess, depression, etca€¦ are caused by your bodies natural response to incomplete nutrition.
So you can book your session with a a€?Quit Smoking In 60 Minutes Specialista€? with complete confidence.
That is based on the thousands of successful clients worldwide over ten years who became non-smokers for life. Nevertheless in some cases the above drug with clearly documented dangers is sometimes prescribed before hypnotism. Just like when passengers on an airline are not happy, or customers at a shop feel ripped off. So realistically, if you do decide on using hypnotherapy to help you quit smoking and you settle for anything less than Quit60, you really are just wasting your money.
His success as a guru in leadership is rooted in the kind of past that he was brought up with.
All it takes is an ability to make people believe in you and make them do what you need them to do.
In exchange, these states promised to implement rigorous new teacher evaluation systems that, among other things, include measures of student learning growth.
It is now commonly understood that teacher effectiveness is the single most important school-level factor affecting student achievement – with principal effectiveness a close second. Multiple evaluators should spend adequate amounts of time observing teachers on more than one occasion, comparing notes, and sharing detailed written feedback with teachers, while also coaching them to improve in areas of weakness. Similar to portfolios, evidence binders often provide specific requirements for inclusion and require a final teacher led presentation of the work to an evaluation team. The district adopted pre- and post-tests in each grade and subject, including over 600 assessments.
Teacher preparation, compensation, induction and support, strategic recruitment, and the professional environment in schools must all be enhanced. Based on financial data collected through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s initiative to build comprehensive educator evaluation systems, Harvard professor Tom Kane estimates that done well, a high quality teacher evaluation system is likely to consume two percent of a school district’s budget. She oversees numerous efforts to contribute to policy research and resource development related to every aspect of managing and supporting educator talent including recruitment, compensation, evaluation, distribution and professional development. The scale tells us that we need to lose weight – it doesn’t tell us how or even why we need to slim down.
Reactions to results from the OECD Programme for International Assessment (PISA), showing low scores and wide variation among students in the world’s developed countries on achievement tests in mathematics, science, and literacy, have raised additional concerns about the need for change.And yet, though the clarion call for change continues, all over the world the way schools are organized, teachers are prepared, students are taught, and learning is assessed remain stubbornly similar to the past.
It will draw heavily from my 5 years working at a mixed modality (conventional and holistic) free clinic in my hometown as well as other places I have volunteered. Humans have no natural mechanism to deal with this, so the liver does 3 things, start making a lot of of fat and, if chronic, increasing the enzymes that manufacture fat, reduce the production of ATP via the Krebs cycle, and become resistant to the effects of insulin which would otherwise tell the liver to stop releasing glucose into the system. A A  EvenA  though that changed a bit when my parents moved us to town, my family hung on to a great deal of that lifestyle. Unfortunately in our society,A  candy bars and coffee are far more available than a leafy green salad or a whole-grain snack.A  You have to plan a bit more to provide yourself with healthy alternative but it is completely worth the effort. The closest alternative therapy to Quit60 is standard, multi-session hypnotherapy which, although showing better results than other therapies, is still far less effective than the proven Quit60 Method. Success rates off 66% still mean one in three people investing in themselves to quit smoking is using a method that is letting them down.
At the end of the day if the client is serious about quitting there is no realistic alternative to Quit60. London (2003) stated, a€?Smoking cessation is an area in which hypnosis has been particularly effective. F Hasan, one of the studya€™s authors, said,a€?Our results showed that hypnotherapy resulted in higher quit rates compared with NRT alone.
Gaining real freedom requires you to gain people who are on your side; people who either work for you or work with you.
Similarly, transforming teacher evaluation was a consistent priority for the United States Department of Education through the award of grants such as Race to the Top, the Teacher Incentive Fund, and School Improvement Grants.
It is clear, therefore, that the continuous improvement of teacher and principal effectiveness must be an integral part of any efforts aimed at raising student achievement. For example, assessing teacher effectiveness should occur through annual evaluations, but also at the time of hiring and as part of the responsibility of the preparation programs that matriculated the new teachers in the first place.
Given the potential for new evaluation systems to produce data that can truly inform continuous improvements in teacher practice, and feed into an aligned system of educator talent management strategies that attract and retain greater numbers of excellent teachers—the cost may well be worth the investment.
Without an analysis of our eating patterns, the amount of exercise we get, or even, the ways in which we might use food as an emotional crutch, the number on the scale is pretty meaningless. A high school diploma no longer guarantees a middle class job; without a postsecondary degree or certificate, it will be difficult for most students to survive and thrive in our changing world. Indeed, as educators and policymakers have attempted to respond to the demand for reform from stakeholders throughout society, they have often been met with simultaneous demands to protect the status quo. A large piece of this class will be devoted to answering attendeea€™s practical questions about their personal situations and how they can bring their skills forward. If we would fill our bellies with fruit we would still only get a relatively small amount of free fructose. Current scientific A thinking on the adverse metabolic effects of sugar, the cluster of diseases that appear when the sugar trade emerges in a region, is that the overfeeding of the fructose pathway and the resulting consequences are responsible for the insulin resistance and obesity.
Most of it seems much like sucrose, 45 percent glucose and 55 percent fructose, not all that different. A  Once you address your eating patterns, you can begin to look at the nutrients your body needs to properly support your nervous system. Bee pollen is an amazing nutrient which I should devote a whole blog entry to, but I do worry about our dwindling bee population and the availability of this nutrient.A A  Consequently,A  I use it sparingly and with a great deal of respect for the creatures who created it in mind. The majority of our clients are referred to us by people who we have helped to quit smoking and we want to help as many people as possible give up this destructive habit. Because of our 95%+ success rate we are the only quit cigarettes program that offers a LIFETIME guarantee. Life would be impossible without habits.A The good news is that habits CAN be changed, with just a little awareness and application. You will develop the ability to take control of any situation and always be steps ahead of everybody.
After you’ve read Rafael’s book, you will be convinced that you can make that happen by just talking. To improve their eligibility to access federal funding, and to simultaneously achieve their school improvement goals, since 2009, 36 states plus Washington, DC, and hundreds of school districts have passed teacher evaluation reforms, and 33 states have additionally passed principal evaluation reforms. Laine served as the Director of the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality and is the primary author of the book, Improving Teacher Quality: A Guide for Education Leaders, published by Jossey-Bass in 2011. Once teachers go through this cycle of evaluation and professional learning, they will improve in their areas of need and student achievement will increase.
The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) believes educators across the P-20 spectrum must increase the academic rigor of high school curriculum, provide structures for student acceleration and support, and create successful pathways for all students from pre-kindergarten through postsecondary education.Dual enrollment and other early college programs offer an avenue toward meeting these challenges. How, reformers ask, can we “fundamentally transform” the educational enterprise in our schools and school systems while still preserving so many of its features that various stakeholders value (e.g., the buildings, the calendar, the teacher contract, the governance structure)? If we digest starch that has fructose in the chain of sugars in the starch, that is really slow. The problem is that in HFCS, the fructose is -free- it does not have to be split from sucrose, and is not bound to fiber. Joseph Barber of the University of Washington, Seattle, for example, found that hypnotic intervention can be integrated into a treatment protocol for smoking cessation. As his life experience will suggest, you are sure to become a better person after finishing one of his books. For many states and districts the question of how to measure student learning as one aspect of measuring teacher effectiveness – in ways that are accurate, amenable to teachers, and do-able for teachers whose grades or subject areas are not systematically tested – has consumed much of their time and resources the last few years. This theory of action has been a powerful and persuasive argument for the investment in and adoption of teacher evaluation systems across the country. The scores let us know if we’re hitting the mark or not and, under NCLB, we know which groups of kids are making it and which are not. There is evidence of success among dual enrollment programs in improving dropout rates and helping to move more students onto a college-bound track. What do “transformed” schools look like and how do we get there?Caterpillars and ButterfliesTransformation, according to Webster’s dictionary, is a major change in form, function, or nature.
The result is that in the Krebs Cycle, the entrance of glucose into the cycle is highly regulated by enzymes, when ATP is adequate to high, if forms a brake on the glycolysis pathway, but fructose, on the one hand, enters the cycle one step below the control point.
Laine earned her doctorate in educational leadership and policy studies from Indiana University. But the question remains: Can teacher evaluation deliver on this promise of professional learning and growth?
This is useful information but insufficient when it comes to moving the line on the scale.Although it has received much less attention than accountability, accreditation has become an important school and district improvement tool over the last decade. Often used to describe biological processes like metamorphosis, the term implies movement from one condition or form to another, followed by consequent changes in function and nature. Historically, anthropologically, evolutionarily, we didn’t need to evolve a control on the fructose metabolic pathway.
A few years ago, the lead article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition proposed the introduction of unbound liquid fructose into the food supply as -the- cause of the epidemic of obesity and diabetes that began to manifest around 1980 and continues to expand today.A Free liquid fructose appears to be benign or even beneficial because there is no spike of glucose, or even of insulin after ingesting it. We argue that while a professional growth orientation is possible for teacher evaluation systems, it requires a significant shift in culture and realignment of resources and structures at the school and district level to support teachers’ development from novices to experts.Understanding How Teachers Develop ExpertiseThe dearth of research on how teachers develop professionally is a serious impediment to the aim of designing evaluation systems that support professional growth. Accreditation is a voluntary method of quality assurance developed more than 100 years ago by American universities and secondary schools and designed primarily to distinguish schools adhering to a set of educational standards.
Think of the awkward, mousy-colored caterpillar clinging desperately to the branch until it transforms into the colorful butterfly free to fly away.
If the natural pathway for glycolysis is like water rushing down a white water canyon, with a dam at the bottom to prevent flooding, the natural fructose pathway is like a small stream that enters -below- the dam with no control on it. There is instead a spike of fat in the form of triglycerides, but no one notices that (only fasting TG are even measured in routine lab tests). Regional accrediting agencies, such as the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), have a big role to play in ensuring the quality of course offerings in dual enrollment programs. Watching this process at work, we are reassured by the knowledge we gained as schoolchildren that the outcome will be splendid and that the butterfly – vibrant and free – is in a far more satisfactory form now than before the transformation began.The Only Thing We Know for SureThe aspiration for educational transformation is similar – to change schooling from its current awkward caterpillar-like state, in which achievement lags, bureaucracy stifles, and resources are scarce, into something as beautiful and inspirational as the butterfly. And as the liver adapts to habitual use of sugar or fructose, -then- insulin resistance is increased and insulin and glucose rise to higher levels than before and the individual becomes pre- or full blown diabetic.
There are now many performance rubric models  that define the progression of key teaching behaviors, knowledge, and skills from novice to expert; Charlotte Danielson’s Framework for Teaching is just one such example.
The process is fully aligned with the goals of school improvement that challenge educators to commit to continuously push beyond the line of current competence, to frame and ask new and deeper questions, and to realize more than the completion of a management plan.Accreditation is an enriching experience for participating institutions, because they benefit from the transformative power in the process. As we embark upon the transformational process in our schools and school systems, however, we lack the reassurance that, as in biological metamorphosis, the outcome will be an improvement over the current state.Indeed, as we contemplate transforming schooling into a new, better, more effective endeavor, few of us have a clear image in our minds of what that will look like. States and districts have also been working to design or modify performance rubrics that define effective practice for their local context.To ensure that teachers continue to move toward higher levels of proficiency, more information is needed about what it takes to move teachers from one level of understanding to the next. Indeed, it is not the outcome but, rather, the process of accreditation that yields the greatest return on investment for institutions. Throughout the country today, students enrolled in high schools may be dual-enrolled in programs that incorporate both college-level academic and relevant career preparation courses at a community college or university. In a transformed system, are there school buildings, age-based classrooms, summer vacations? The research on how professionals become experts offers some valuable insights into this progression.Most researchers of expertise agree that it typically takes about ten years to become an expert in any field, and that it’s difficult to be an expert in more than one domain. Students who complete dual enrollment programs may earn Associate degrees, diplomas, or certificates at the same time they are earning their high school diplomas.Historically, dual enrollment programs targeted high achieving students who benefited as much from the challenging course work as from earning credit.
Accreditation, when done right, treats schools and districts as core components of a system.School improvement team efforts tend to focus their reviews on the data that are used in making accountability determinations, without the benefit of a more comprehensive, objective, causal analysis. Recently, some states have made changes in the purpose, structure, and visibility of dual enrollment programs to provide a pathway to postsecondary work that includes a wider range of students.

Or, might individual students direct their own learning, at times attending “schools” and at other times apprenticing in the community, volunteering overseas, and mastering content of their own choosing and in their own way?We can hypothesize about the future but we cannot predict it. For example, beginning teachers spend significantly more time thinking about classroom management than more experienced teachers who have developed a repertoire of strategies and routines to effectively address this area. This causal analysis, known as diagnostic review, is the centerpiece of the best accreditation practices today.And more recently, accountability system investments have placed a primacy on intervening in the persistently lowest performing schools, whereas a high-quality diagnostic review as part of an accreditation process is a powerful tool when put to regular use in all schools and districts. These include programs that focus on aiding underserved students who might be considered inadequately prepared for postsecondary work academically and socially.Data on student participation in dual enrollment is limited and in the early stages of being collected. The lack of certainty about what lies ahead contributes to the familiar resistance to change. When used correctly, diagnostic review can highlight problems early and lead to targeted interventions that may prevent the school from ever becoming low-performing.Accreditation in PracticeAdvancED, the parent organization for multiple regional and international accrediting bodies, accredits over 32,000 schools and districts in 70 countries across the globe. Similar to the old saying, “the devil you know may be better than the devil you don’t know,” change efforts in education are often stymied by the need for certainty, even if we know that what we are doing today is not working for far too many students.Not All Changes are the SameHow can we better understand and engage with transformation? As individuals become more proficient in their profession, they begin to recognize patterns and develop automaticity for complex tasks. A set of research-based standards, describing the conditions that are necessary for educational institutions to achieve quality student performance and organizational effectiveness, form the foundation of the accreditation process. The standards encompass purpose and direction, governance and leadership, teaching and assessing for learning, resources and support systems, and using results for continuous improvement.  Accompanying indicators and performance levels for each standard describe practices and systematic methods of driving excellence in student performance and organizational effectiveness. Although designed for the business world, these terms and definitions can be applied to educational organizations as well.Developmental Change“Developmental change,” as defined by these authors, is intended to improve the current condition.
Researchers have described the concept of “flow” as particularly helpful in thinking about how to increase motivation.
The standards are systemic and address major themes across all of them such as continuous improvement, stakeholder involvement, alignment, and equity. All organizations need to change if they are to survive and, in many cases, developmental change that improves existing processes without altering the fundamental structure of the organization is sufficient to ward off the entropy that can cause an organization to become obsolete.
Flow refers to an experience of sustained pleasure or the feeling of being completely absorbed in an activity.
No one standard or set of indicators and performance levels is complete without considering all as a collective whole.As critical as the standards are to determining institutional effectiveness, beginning in 2012 these will no longer be the sole determinant of accreditation status. In total, 813,000 secondary school students took a college-credit course during 2002-03 (Kleiner & Lewis, 2005).
Implementation of comprehensive professional development plans for teachers or enhancements to instructional materials are examples of developmental changes in education. Student performance data, including (but not limited to) scores on state standardized exams, and stakeholder satisfaction data, based on student, teacher, and parent survey results, also will be taken into account. Developmental change may require us to alter our habits and behaviors, but rarely does it require us to change our values and beliefs. When people report states of “flow” they describe it as a balance between ability and challenge, where the task at hand is sufficiently easy to prevent anxiety yet sufficiently challenging to prevent boredom. With an increase in the emphasis on college and career planning for students entering high school, more students are being encouraged to select an advanced curriculum that aligns with their postsecondary education and career goals.There are recognized economic and educational benefits of these programs. Creating working environments that aim to encourage flow can help with the effort and determination that sustained improvement requires. School and district profiles are prepared by assembling a host of data related to student and teacher demographics, student achievement, instructional and student support programs, and more. Dual enrollment is seen by parents as a money-saving strategy that avoids skyrocketing tuition costs, because courses are often paid for and taken through the local high school. Transitional change is intended to fix a clearly-identified problem, and within the current system, criteria exist against which the effectiveness of the transition can be measured. When teachers can achieve more moments of flow in their work, they may in turn be more motivated to reinvest their mental resources into learning new skills and expanding their knowledge.Implications for School DistrictsIn too many of our schools, teachers are faced with a “sit and get” model of one-shot workshops and one-size-fits-all presentations of content. The profiles are living documents, serving as the basis for ongoing self-assessment.The Internal Analysis.
Examples in education might include the downsizing of central administration, the redrawing of school attendance boundaries, or even implementation of comprehensive technology systems in place of traditional analog approaches.Transitional change may affect the entire organization or may impact only certain parts. Professional development in most schools today doesn’t help teachers meet the needs of their students nor does it help them grow and develop in their profession. District and school leaders work together with stakeholders to conduct a self-assessment based on substantive standards. Department of Education, for the students who participate in these programs, college credit earned prior to high school graduation reduces their average time-to-degree and the likelihood of graduation. The change is significant and demanding but it is usually seen in a favorable light by stakeholders, because the problem it seeks to solve is clear and the desired outcome is known.
The institution rates its performance on each standard using a set of established rubrics, based on a comprehensive collection, synthesis and analysis of multiple sources of data and best practices, including test scores. There is also evidence that dual enrollment increases academic performance and educational attainment and decreases the need for remediation at the postsecondary level (Collins, 2011).An emerging body of research and practice suggests that providing college-level coursework in high school has promise to better prepare a wide range of students for college success. First, professional context matters:  teaching practice cannot be divorced from the teaching environment.
Additionally, district and school leaders use diagnostic tools to analyze student performance data and stakeholder perception data. The External Review.
Individuals impacted by the redefinition of roles, new school assignments, or even the requirement to move from a Mac to a PC do not always change quietly but, eventually, the benefits of the new condition outweigh the stress of change and most people adapt.Transformational Change“Transformational” change is the most demanding of the three types of change. How teachers understand practice is directly influenced by the culture of the school and district. At least once every five years, AdvancED provides a more rigorous and impartial assessment of district and school performance through an external review conducted by professionals from within and outside of the institution’s state.
The programs in Florida and Georgia follow the traditional trajectory of accelerated learning and providing access to higher education credit for high achieving high school students, while North Carolina has embraced the dual enrollment pathways approach of the early or middle college model.Florida. Transformation involves a radical shift from one state of being to another and, adding to the challenge, the new state is, as yet, undefined. Professional teaching standards (such as INTASC) and student academic standards (such as the Common Core State Standards) should be the foundation upon which professional practice is built.Second, districts will have to think critically about intentional structures, processes, and personnel needed to promote professional learning through the evaluative process and support district priorities.
Rather than transitioning to a new state that can be described and understood before the change takes place, transformational change is required when it is determined that the current system simply no longer works and must be abandoned, even if its replacement has yet to be developed.Transformation occurs in response to a “wake-up” call that reveals the mismatch between the demands and needs of the current and future reality and the capacity and character of the organization as it exists today. Districts will likely need to employ a variety of personnel to deliver professional learning that is connected to teacher evaluation tools and targeted to individual teachers, teams, and entire faculties. Using the results of the review process, district and school leaders work together to discover patterns in their data, refute inaccurate assumptions, and move beyond the obvious to focus on the root causes associated with performance.
Legislators have historically placed an emphasis on creating and maintaining a credible, affordable, and seamless K-20 educational system via a comprehensive and centrally articulated array of choices to earn college credit while still in high school. One such wake-up call for educators, of course, is found within the plethora of reports documenting the high dropout rates and low standardized test scores of our students. Through this process, districts and schools gain a better understanding of their current reality so they may confidently build research-based plans that define actions to be implemented for better results in the future.The Continuous Improvement Cycle.
The state requires that courses taken count simultaneously for college and high school graduation. Another wake-up call is the inability of government budgets to provide the resources needed to keep the current system operating. These data should inform professional learning for individuals, groups of teachers, and the entire district, focusing on building both individual and collective expertise. Throughout the year, district and school leaders regularly monitor implementation of their improvement strategies, discuss and analyze what is or is not working, and make any necessary adjustments to the improvement plan. Dual enrollment is articulated under Florida statute, which mandates that all 28 community colleges and specific four-year institutions offer dual credit course.
Other wake-up calls include the looming teacher shortage and the expectations of “digital native” students regarding access to and use of technology.Reactive and Conscious TransformationOur organizational development experts provide a further helpful distinction between reactive and conscious transformation. Districts need to ensure that educators have access to the right information and that there are formal plans and structures in place to maximize use of that information.Teacher evaluation is undergoing a change in this country from perfunctory to more robust systems that attempt to accurately assess performance and provide feedback to support teacher growth. They also continuously collect data to inform the ongoing self-assessment.All institutions will, as always, be directed to implement at least one “Improvement Priority” to support improvement, and all will provide progress reports at various intervals to ensure their commitment to continuous improvement.
Dual enrollment is one of five acceleration mechanisms identified by the Florida legislature in 1973 (Collins, 2011).Of the five acceleration mechanisms, dual enrollment is viewed as the pathway to a postsecondary degree not limited to gifted students but also includes those considered middle achievers or those on a career or technical track. This shift requires us to rethink professional learning in our schools and thoughtfully address our outdated structures and understanding about the trajectory of teachers’ development.
As a testament to the value that schools and districts see in the accreditation process, a recent survey of AdvancED schools and districts showed that one of the top three reasons they choose to be accredited is the impact the process has on student performance.Integrating the Best of Both SystemsWith millions of dollars invested annually in efforts to improve our education systems, it is a wonder that accreditation, with its long history of making a difference in the quality of teaching and learning, is not front and center in a state’s arsenal of school improvement tools. As a result, participation in dual enrollment grew from 27,689 students in 1988-89 to 34,273 in 2002-03. In this case, leaders resist or deny the wake-up call believing that, like the snooze button on the alarm, if they just roll over and wait, it will stop. Only then will teacher evaluation reforms begin to impact teachers’ professional growth and, ultimately, students’ learning. According to the Florida Board of Education, this growth rate included a high increase in participation among African American and Latino students. We have hope that teacher evaluation systems grounded in an understanding of teacher development have the potential to improve teacher practice for all teachers.
Diagnostic review is included in the key principles of next generation accountability proposed by the Council of Chief State School Officers and is part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) reauthorization bill passed by the Senate education committee in October 2011. Leaders have no say over how the change takes place or what the end result will be.Conscious transformation, on the other hand, occurs when the leaders of the organization recognize and proactively respond to the wake-up call by mapping out a route to change. Although there currently exist redundancies in accountability and accreditation systems, these can easily be resolved and eliminated by a thoughtful alignment of the best of both.In the state of Kentucky, for example, about half of all schools and a quarter of all districts voluntarily participate in the AdvancED accreditation process. In addition, Florida requires every school district to enter into an articulation agreement with a community college to facilitate articulation and acceleration.These programs have been in place long enough now to begin showing results. At the start of the process, the route has no defined end but conscious transformational leaders trust that it will conclude successfully. In 2011, AdvancED and the Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) signed a multi-year agreement designed to align the state’s accountability system with AdvancED’s continuous improvement model and to encourage more schools to become accredited. Studies reveal students who have taken dual enrollment courses have a greater likelihood of enrolling at higher education institutions once they graduate from high school (“Florida’s dual enrollment initiative: How state policy influences community colleges’ service to underrepresented youth,” 2006). Such leaders embark on the journey with relevant stakeholders as their partners, working collaboratively and transparently to confront the many mountains and valleys on the path. Highly encouraging is research demonstrating that Florida students who participate in dual enrollment are retained at greater rates than their counterparts and do as well or better in subsequent college courses once enrolled full time.Georgia. They feel free to fail as well as to succeed, and they expect to face and to learn from multiple challenges along the way. In these states, the best practices associated with accreditation are being integrated into the state accountability model, resulting in a system that benefits from the best of both approaches to school improvement.The Path ForwardOver the past decade, educators have learned many lessons while striving to meet ever more rigorous student achievement goals. The Accel Program in Georgia is designed for junior and senior high school students enrolled in accredited public or private schools and allows students to pursue postsecondary study at approved public and private colleges and technical colleges while receiving dual high school and college credit for courses successfully completed. In this type of transformation, the goal is not only to survive, but to thrive.Among all types of change described by these authors, conscious transformation is the most challenging. The debate over defining the outcomes of a good education is resolving in favor of the need for every student to leave high school prepared for college or career. The challenge comes from the need for leaders and stakeholders to confront their values and beliefs, to ask the hard questions about whether or not their organizational structure is serving their mission, to accept the reality of changed conditions around them, and to respond creatively to new demands.Transformation and the Status QuoAs a learning organization dedicated to innovation and improvement, AdvancED constantly asks the “what if” questions. The Common Core State Standards, recently developed by the Council of Chief State School Officers and the National Governors Association, and already adopted by 45 states and the District of Columbia, make a strong case for the notion that, in the 21st century, all students must have the skills and knowledge necessary to compete in the global marketplace. These courses represent an articulation between the Georgia Department of Education and representatives of higher education. For example, what if, now and in the future, developmental or transitional change alone offer insufficient remedies to the problems that plague our schools? This will not happen unless schools make dramatic improvements.Continuous school improvement requires honest, regular self-assessment and diagnosis, along with thoughtful planning and careful attention to an array of program and legal requirements.
Georgia offers dual enrollment programs for Gifted Juniors, Senior Enrichment, and the Advanced Academy of Georgia.
So many reforms have been implemented over the years – from demanding greater accountability to providing more resources to increasing parent involvement to improving teacher quality – but far too many children have been left behind. Properly conceived and implemented, accreditation should be part of core school improvement activities designed to promote college and career readiness for all students. The Advanced Academy of Georgia, located on the campus of the University of West Georgia, is a residential, early entrance to college program that targets “carefully selected bright, and motivated high school students who are interested in accelerating their academic careers”(Advanced Academy of Georgia, 2012).In addition, the “Move on When Ready Act” is another option available. Certainly there are many great schools and great school systems around the world, but not all children benefit from these pockets of excellence. Armed with knowledge resulting from the diagnostic review, more focused and relevant research-based improvement plans can be developed to address not just the symptoms, but also the causes of underperformance. It permits 11th and 12th grade students to leave their assigned high schools and attend postsecondary institutions full-time to earn course credit that will apply towards high school graduation and college credit. And so, we ask ourselves, what if we need to do something radically different from what we have tried before? This information can and should feed seamlessly into existing, or redesigned, accountability systems, thereby strengthening the impact, utility and efficiency of all improvement efforts. It is limited to students in 11th or 12th grade who have been in attendance at a Georgia public high school for two consecutive semesters in the prior year.North Carolina. What if we need to risk the status quo on behalf of a future we aspire to but cannot yet describe?Navigating the JourneyWe do not take risk lightly.
This type of coherent approach to continuous improvement, using the best of accreditation and accountability systems, is required if our educational institutions are to make the gains necessary to ensure that all students graduate from high school college- and career-ready. More than 200 early college high schools, designed to prepare students historically underrepresented in higher education for college, have opened across the United States since 2002 and serve approximately 50,000 students. We understand the need to keep some anchors in the water while navigating the tumultuous (at times, shark-infested) seas of change. While 25 states have at least one early college, North Carolina leads the nation with 71 early colleges. To that end, we offer our continuous improvement process, grounded in Standards for Quality Schools and Systems, as a potential pathway to change.
The Early College High School Initiative Student Information System and the National Center for Education Statistics show 86 percent of early college graduates enroll in college immediately after high school.
In addition, of the 3,000 early college graduates in 2009, 25 percent had earned two full years of college credit or an Associate’s degree.North Carolina’s early college initiative, which started in 2004, focuses on preparing students for the education needed in a “post-manufacturing knowledge economy”. North Carolina early college students participate in an accelerated program of blended high school and college coursework that provides academic and social supports. The North Carolina New Schools Project, a public-private organization dedicated to the development of innovative high schools, has been instrumental in North Carolina’s having the most early colleges and substantial data regarding best practices within this environment. According to the database, 46 states have common statewide policies in place for dual enrollment or other, similar, programs. These policies vary, with 12 states requiring post-secondary institutions and high schools to participate in dual enrollment programs and 20 states suggesting voluntary participation.
Five states’ policies combine voluntary and mandatory conditions and nine states’ policies do not specify this aspect.
For example, in spite of significant evidence of the many benefits associated with dual enrollment, currently only about 70 percent of school districts and higher education institutions participate in such programs. Instead, state policy should allow for the consideration of a student’s demonstrated ability to succeed in college course work, as shown by college placement exams or prior coursework, as a standard for eligibility. Policies also should make explicit that successful completion of college course work is eligible for both high school and college credit in order to reap the full benefits of the option. Only 28 states explicitly allowed this in 2008.States also should require participating institutions to proactively communicate with parents and students about the availability of dual enrollment options and should make tuition the responsibility of the state education agency, the district, or the postsecondary institution, or some combination of the three and avoid charging students tuition.
The need to pay tuition could discourage many of the same students most likely to benefit from the dual enrollment option. That is, when a high school student successfully completes a college course that is paid for by the state, there should be no additional cost to the state, or student, when that same student earns college credit for the course. One of the benefits to postsecondary institutions of the successful completion of college work at the high school level is a reduction in the cost of remediation when those students enter college.Although it is critical to the continuing development and improvement of dual enrollment programs to collect data on access, quality, and outcomes, only 18 states require this kind of reporting.
State policy should require comprehensive reporting of data related to student characteristics, course completion, course grades, transferability of credit, and high school and college completion rates to state leaders and the public at large.The Role of Accreditation in Dual EnrollmentEnsuring quality of dual enrollment programs is of primary importance. There is little point in improving access to dual enrollment options for students, if the learning experience is not truly at a college level. Accreditation plays an important role by ensuring that programs and courses offered through dual enrollment are held to the same standards as required of the colleges awarding the credit.
Faculty teaching these courses must possess the appropriate academic qualifications, related work experience, professional licensure and certifications, and other demonstrated competencies.
Accredited colleges assume responsibility for the academic quality of the coursework and are required to ensure that courses and learning outcomes are at the collegiate level and comparable to those in their other degree programs.ConclusionThe myriad challenges facing leaders in our country’s education system include not only the traditional issues of preparing students to be able to read, write, and compute effectively, but also the necessity to compete in a world that is shrinking due to the impact of technology and globalization on our everyday lives.
In order to remain competitive with other industrialized nations, we must ensure that every student enrolled in our institutions successfully completes a curriculum of study that is both rigorous and effective in ensuring the development of skills for life and work. Dual enrollment programs, and other similar options to engage high school students in college course work, make an important contribution to this goal and should be supported through federal, state, and local policy as well as accreditation. ReferencesCollins, J. White Paper, University of South Florida, Community and State College Relations.Education Commission of the States. New Directions for Dual Enrollment: Creating Stronger Pathways from High School Through College.
The postsecondary achievement of participants in dual enrollment: An analysis of student outcomes in two states.

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