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29.04.2016
Addiction to smoking and other substances involves a particular set of brain areas related to self-control, according to numerous research. IBMT, which involves whole body relaxation, mental imagery and mindfulness training led by a qualified coach, has long been practiced in China. Get Michael's new book The Mindful Geek, and learn to meditate without religion or beliefs. Donate to DYDeconstructing Yourself brings you some of the finest meditation writing on the Internet, all without ads or subscriptions. Many of the participants only recognized that they had reduced smoking after an objective test using measured exhaled carbon monoxide showed the reduction, Tang said. While previous studies have suggested such meditation may mediate several forms of addiction such as those tied to alcohol, cigarettes and cocaine, they have not been approached with a randomized controlled design with an active relaxation control, the researchers noted. According to the fMRI results, smokers before entering IBMT had reduced activity in their anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), left lateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) and other areas, all of which indicate impaired self-control.
In follow-ups after two and four weeks, five of the responding smokers whose smoking had been significantly reduced after IBMT reported that they were continuing to maintain the improvement. In addition to Tang and Posner, Rongxiang Tang of the University of Texas at Austin was a co-author of the study. The researchers, however, caution that the participant pool was small and additional investigation is warranted. Grants from the National Institutes of Health (R21DA030066), China's National Basic Research Program (973 Program 2012CB518200) and the U.S.
About the University of OregonThe University of Oregon is among the 108 institutions chosen from 4,633 U.S. Note: The University of Oregon is equipped with an on-campus television studio with a point-of-origin Vyvx connection, which provides broadcast-quality video to networks worldwide via fiber optic network.
UO prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national or ethnic origin, age, religion, marital status, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression in all programs, activities and employment practices as required by Title IX, other applicable laws, and policies.
Une etude americaine a montre qu'une technique de meditation chinoise avait le pouvoir d'ameliorer le fonctionnement du cerveau. D'apres une etude publiee lundi 16 aout aux Etats-Unis, la pratique de la meditation fondee sur la medecine traditionnelle chinoise est benefique sur le fonctionnement du cerveau.
Meditation-based treatment yielding immediate relief for meditation-naive migraineurs.  Pain Manag Nurs.
Meditation is gaining popularity as an effective means of managing and attenuating pain and has been particularly effective for migraines. BACKGROUND: One form of meditation intervention, the integrative body-mind training (IBMT) has been shown to improve attention, reduce stress and change self-reports of mood. Empirical study of the influence of a Laughing Qigong Program on long-term care residents.  Geriatr Gerontol Int.
AIM: To determine the psychological and physiological effects of a Laughing Qigong Program on an elderly population in an institutionalized setting.
A meta-analytic review of the effects of mindfulness meditation on telomerase activity.  Psycho-neuroendocrinology.
The enzyme telomerase, through its influence on telomere length, is associated with health and mortality.
Non-directive meditation activates default mode network and areas associated with memory retrieval and emotional processing.  Front Hum Neurosci.
Non-directive meditation techniques are practiced with a relaxed focus of attention that permits spontaneously occurring thoughts, images, sensations, memories, and emotions to emerge and pass freely, without any expectation that mind wandering should abate. A week-long meditation retreat decouples behavioral measures of the alerting and executive attention networks. PREVIOUS STUDIES HAVE EXAMINED THE INFLUENCE OF MEDITATION ON THREE FUNCTIONALLY DIFFERENT COMPONENTS OF ATTENTION: executive control, alerting, and orienting. Recent research has identified that mindfulness meditation in group settings supports people who are trying to lose weight. Residential Vipassana meditation courses, which teach mindfulness skills, are widely available globally but under-evaluated. Effects of yoga on cardiovascular disease risk factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on modifiable biological cardiovascular disease risk factors in the general population and in high-risk disease groups. This entry was posted in Mind-Body Research Update, Qigong, Tai Chi, Yoga and tagged meditation, taiji. For a new study, researchers wondered if a training approach designed to influence this addiction pathway could influence smokers to reduce their tobacco use — even if smokers did not intend to do so. The study, published online in the Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that smokers trained with a form of mindfulness meditation known as Integrative Body-Mind Training (IBMT) curtailed their smoking by 60 percent. It has been under study for its potential impacts on a variety of stresses and related changes in the brain including function and structure.
It has been under study for its potential impacts on a variety of stresses and related changes in the brain, including function and structure. To identify brain mechanisms that may underlie smoking reduction, the researchers also used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during rest to understand the brain areas involved.


They noted that IBMT's apparent ability to enhance self-control and reduce stress could make the practice useful in reducing smoking and craving "even in those who have no intention to quit smoking" as well as treating individuals with other addictions. Pratiquer pendant 11 heures cette technique, appelee "gymnastique integree du corps et de l'esprit" (IBMT en anglais), permet a une personne d'ajuster son comportement en fonction de ce qu'elle souhaite realiser.
Meditation additionally addresses the negative emotional states known to exist with migraines. Mind-body interventions are widely used by cancer patients to reduce symptoms and cope better with disease- and treatment-related symptoms. In this paper we examine whether short-term IBMT can improve performance related to creativity and determine the role that mood may play in such improvement. Four pioneering randomized control trials, including a total of 190 participants, provided information on the effect of mindfulness meditation on telomerase. These techniques are thought to facilitate mental processing of emotional experiences, thereby contributing to wellness and stress management. These studies have consistently found that meditation training improves both executive attention and alerting, but there has not been a consistent and clear effect of meditation training on orienting. The present research investigated mindfulness meditation in group and individual settings, and explored the potential impact on weight loss and other factors (i.e. This study examined effects of a standardized, community-based Vipassana course, on subjective stress, well-being, self-kindness and trait mindfulness in a community sample.
The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the publisher or editors. A condition de pratiquer au moins 30 minutes par jour et pendant de nombreuses années !
5, 2013) — Addiction to smoking and other substances involves a particular set of brain areas related to self-control, according to numerous research. The UO also is one of two Pacific Northwest members of the Association of American Universities.
Questions may be referred to the Title IX Coordinator, Office of Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity, or to the Office for Civil Rights. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of meditation as an immediate intervention for reducing migraine pain as well as alleviating emotional tension, examined herein as a negative affect hypothesized to be correlated with pain.
A total of 99 residents were interviewed and 66 enrolled, there were 33 control participants and 33 experimental participants.
A meta-analytic effect size of d=0.46 indicated that mindfulness meditation leads to increased telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The present study assessed brain activity by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 14 experienced practitioners of Acem meditation in two experimental conditions. In addition, while previous studies have shown that the functional coupling of the alerting and executive networks increases the processing of task irrelevant stimuli, it is unknown if participating in a meditation retreat can decouple these components of attention and lead to improved performance.
Participants completed self-report measures of these variables at pre-course and post-course (n?=?122), and outcomes were compared to a control group of early enrollers (EEs) (n?=?50) who completed measures at parallel time points before course commencement. The purpose of this study was to look at studies from 2011 to May 2013 and examine whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for managing stress.
Posner, professor emeritus of psychology at the University of Oregon, have collaborated on a series of studies on IBMT. For a new study, researchers wondered if a training approach designed to influence this addiction pathway could influence smokers to reduce their tobacco use — even if smokers did not intend to do so. In actuality, the experiment was designed to explore how IBMT — previously shown to improve the self-control pathway related to addiction — would impact smoking behavior.
Contact information, related policies, and complaint procedures are listed on the statement of non-discrimination. En fait, cette technique ameliore la connectivite cerebrale, c'est a dire la transmission des impulsions dans le reseau nerveux. Twenty-seven migraineurs, with two to ten migraines per month, reported migraine-related pain and emotional tension ratings on a Likert scale (ranging from 0 to 10) before and after exposure to a brief meditation-based treatment. Mood and creativity performance were assessed by the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) questionnaire respectively.
The participants were matched according to their abilities as measured by the Barthel Index of Activities for Daily Living. These results suggest the need for further large-scale trials investigating optimal implementation of mindfulness meditation to facilitate telomerase functioning. The current study investigated the influence of a week-long intensive meditation retreat on three components of attention by randomly assigning participants to either pre- or post-retreat testing groups.
Specifically, the hypotheses tested were that the group setting assisted dieters more than the individual setting by reducing weight, cognitive-behavioral avoidance, and impulsivity and by increasing mindfulness. A systematic search of Medline, CINAHL, and Alt HealthWatch databases was conducted for quantitative articles involving all schools of yoga. Among the volunteers were 27 smokers, mean age 21, who smoked on average 10 cigarettes a day; 15 of them (11 men) were placed in the experimental group receiving IBMT training for a total of five hours over two weeks. Tang, formerly a research professor at the UO, is now with the psychology department and director of the Neuroimaging Institute at Texas Tech.
En conclusion de cette recherche, les auteurs precisent que l'IBMT pourrait etre utilisee dans des experiences afin de mieux comprendre la capacite d'adaptation du cerveau et le mecanisme de ses reactions lors des exercices de meditation.


Significantly increased activity was detected in areas associated with attention, mind wandering, retrieval of episodic memories, and emotional processing. Participants (n?=?170) who were trying to lose weight were randomly assigned to practice meditation for 6 weeks within a group or independently.
Findings, including intention-to-complete analyses, suggested positive effects of the Vipassana course in reducing subjective stress and increasing well-being, self-kindness and overall mindfulness (present-moment awareness and non-reaction). After the session, participants reported a 33% decrease in pain and a 43% decrease in emotional tension. In addition, cross-lagged analysis indicated that both positive and negative affect may influence creativity in IBMT group (not RT group). Comparisons were made on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Faces Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale and cortisol levels. In the second condition, participants carried out concentrative practicing of the same meditation technique, actively trying to avoid mind wandering. Executive attention was measured as the difference in response time (RT) between congruent and incongruent task irrelevant flankers (conflict effect). Measurements in mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral avoidance, impulsivity, and weight occurred twice (pre- and post-intervention).
Although some reductions in post-course gains were found at follow-up, particularly in stress, follow-up scores still showed improvements compared to pre-course scores.
Six of these were from the United States, 3 from India, 2 from the United Kingdom, and 1 each from Australia, Brazil, Germany, Iraq, Sweden, and Taiwan. The data suggest that a single exposure to a brief meditative technique can significantly reduce pain and tension, as well as offer several clinical implications.
The primary outcome for this review was changes in quality of life (QOL) and other physical and psychological effects in cancer patients.
The contrast non-directive meditation > concentrative practicing was characterized by higher activity in the right medial temporal lobe (parahippocampal gyrus and amygdala). Reflexive and volitional orienting were measured by manipulating cue validity and stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA). Results indicated that participants in the group setting lost weight and lowered their levels of cognitive-behavioral avoidance, while impulsivity and mindfulness remained stable.
Mindfulness change scores between pre-course and 6-month follow-up were moderately to highly correlated with outcome variable change scores, consistent with the idea that effects of the Vipassana course on stress and well-being operate, at least partially, through increasing mindfulness. Of the 17 studies, 12 demonstrated positive changes in psychological or physiological outcomes related to stress. It can be concluded that single exposure to a meditative technique can significantly reduce pain and tension. In conclusion, the present results support the notion that non-directive meditation, which permits mind wandering, involves more extensive activation of brain areas associated with episodic memories and emotional processing, than during concentrative practicing or regular rest. The coupling of executive attention and alerting was measured by examining flanker interference as a function of the SOA of an alerting cue. On the other hand, participants in the individual condition lost less weight, while there was an increase in cognitive-behavioral avoidance and mindfulness scores, but a decrease in impulsivity. The present research underscores the importance of undertaking further investigations into Vipassana courses’ effects and applications. Despite the limitations, not all studies used a randomized controlled design, had smaller sample sizes, had different outcomes, had non-standardized yoga intervention, and had varying lengths, yoga appears to be a promising modality for stress management. The effectiveness and immediacy of this intervention offers several implications for nurses. The meditation retreat improved task based indices of executive attention, but not reflexive or volitional orienting.
Seeing that benefits and limitations observed in group settings are not replicated when people meditate alone, this study concluded that mindfulness meditation in individual settings needs to be used with caution, although there are some potential benefits that could aid future weight loss research.
Despite methodological drawbacks of the included studies, yoga can be considered as an ancillary intervention for the general population and for patients with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Nine RCTs involving 499 subjects provided enough data to generate pooled estimates of effect size for health-related outcomes.
There was clear behavioral evidence of coupling between executive attention and alerting in the pre-retreat group, as the conflict effect peaked when an alerting cue was presented 300 ms before the target.
This is consistent with the notion that the retreat decoupled the executive and alerting networks.
These results suggest that previously reported improvements in the executive and alerting networks after meditation training might be mediated by the same underlying mechanism.
However, these findings need to be interpreted cautiously due to the limited number of studies identified and high risk of bias in included trials.



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