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26.10.2015
Cities in which one per cent of the population were instructed in the Transcendental Meditation program showed decreased crime rate the following year in contrast to matched control cities.
This effect was subsequently confirmed by numerous experiments and in the summer of 1993 a major demonstration project was undertaken in Washington D.C. This study presents the final results of a two-month prospective experiment to reduce violent crime in Washington, DC.
This National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness brought approximately 4,000 participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs to the United States national capital from June 7 to July 30, 1993.
The dependent variable in the research was weekly violent crime, as measured by the Uniform Crime Report program of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; violent crimes include homicide, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery. Analysis of 1993 data, controlling for temperature, revealed that there was a highly significant decrease in HRA crimes associated with increases in the size of the group during the Demonstration Project.
Several additional analyses were performed on HRA crimes to further assess the strength of the main findings.
Based on the results of the study, the steady state gain (long-term effect) associated with a permanent group of 4,000 participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs was calculated as a 48% reduction in HRA crimes in the District of Columbia.
Given the strength of these results, their consistency with the positive results of previous research, the grave human and financial costs of violent crime, and the lack of other effective and scientific methods to reduce crime, policy makers are urged to apply this approach on a large scale for the benefit of society.
In this carefully controlled experiment, the peace-creating group increased from 800 to 4,000 over the two-month period.
More than 4,000 advanced meditation experts gathered in Washington, D C, during the summer of 1993 to scientifically demonstrate the effect of the Global Peace Initiative on reducing violent crime in the U.S.
This new research is both interesting and encouraging: It found that just seven minutes of meditation can reduce racial prejudice.


Before describing this particular study, I want to point out that one important implication of this research, in my view, is that prejudices of all sorts are learned and conditioned from a variety of social and cultural forces; and, they can be consciously altered.
In the study, a sample of 71 white, non-meditating adults were each given a photo of a gender-matched black person and either received taped LKM instructions, or instructions to look at the photos and notice certain features of the face. The researchers found that just seven minutes of loving-kindness meditation directed to a member of a specific racial group (in this case, a black person) was sufficient to reduce racial bias towards that group.
A 27-member independent Project Review Board consisting of sociologists and criminologists from leading universities, representatives from the police department and government of the District of Columbia, and civic leaders approved in advance the research protocol for the project and monitored its progress. This data was obtained from the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department for 1993 as well as for the preceding five years (1988-1992). The maximum decrease was 23.3% when the size of the group was largest during the final week of the project. These indicated that the reduction of HRA crimes associated with the group of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs could not be attributed to changes in police staffing. June and July 1993 to prove the efficacy of the group practice of Transcendental Meditation and the advanced TM-Sidhi programme to reduce violent crime.
Although violent crime had been steadily increasing during the first five months of the year, soon after the start of the study, violent crime (measured by FBI Uniform Crime Statistics) began decreasing and continued to drop until the end of the experiment (maximum decrease 23.3%), after which it began to rise again. The study, from the University of Sussex, was published in the journal Motivation and Emotion. Knowing this is especially important in our current era of reactive prejudice towards those who are "different," and whose presence is becoming more visible as our society becomes increasingly diverse. Additional data used for control purposes included weather variables (temperature, precipitation, humidity), daylight hours, changes in police and community anti-crime activities, prior crime trends in the District of Columbia, and concurrent crime trends in neighboring cities.


These secondary analyses also found that the reduction of HRA crimes was highly robust to alternative specifications of the statistical model-that is, the effect is independent of the isolated details of the models used to assess seasonal cycles and trends. It used the Buddhist mediation technique of loving-kindness meditation, which promotes unconditional kindness towards oneself and others.
They found that people doing loving-kindness meditation showed large increases in other-regarding emotions.
Average weekly temperature was significantly correlated with homicides, rapes and assaults (HRA crimes), as has also been found in previous research; therefore temperature was used as a control variable in the main analysis of HRA crimes. No significant decrease was found in any of the prior five years during this period of time, indicating that this effect was not due to the specific time of year.
The drop in crime could not be attributed to other possible causes, including temperature, precipitation, weekends, and police and community anti-crime activities.
Using time series analysis, violent crimes were analyzed separately in terms of HRA crimes (crimes against the person) and robbery (monetary crimes), as well as together. Furthermore, the intervention parameters for the group size revealed that the effect of the group was not only cumulative with the increase in group size, but also continued for some time after the end of the project.



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