Priest mind games hearthstone,gta 5 online all secret cars,playing for change ziggy marley,the secret of instant healing free ebook 3000 - Easy Way

21.07.2014
Check out our new guide pages with detailed information about the new Mists of Pandaria scenarios! Priests have a strong identity as spiritual practitioners who harness divine power to inspire and protect allies, heal the injured, and cure the ailed. Despite these differences, Priests of any spec share one key thing in common: unwavering faith in something from which they draw great power. After spending much of their lives in temples studying ancient doctrine, preaching the tenets of their faith, and pledging their full devotion to the divine powers they follow, the most adept priests leave their houses of worship to serve on the battlefield, as shepherd to flock.
Given the innate purity of the spec, we want to ensure that Holy Priests continue to have a large repertoire of compelling healing spells. A powerful prayer that heals up to 5 injured allies within 15 yards of the target for a strong amount.
Places a spell on a party or raid member that heals them for a moderate amount the next time they take damage.
Release miraculous light into a target location, healing up to 6 allies within 10 yards for a huge amount. Fill the target with faith in the Light, healing them instantly for a minor amount and then a large amount over 15 sec. When you cast Prayer of Healing or Prayer of Mending, the cooldown of Holy Word: Sanctify is reduced by 6 sec.
Your direct healing spells heal for an additional 25% (with Mastery from typical gear) over 6 sec. The Light in which many priests bathe is brilliant and effervescent, granting them immense divine power. Wea€™ve long alluded to the Old God influences of Shadow Priests in their spells and abilities, and wea€™re making that more distinct in Legion. A new resource, Insanity, provides a better fit for Shadow, having more granularity and gameplay that emphasizes the immense but fleeting power that the Void offers. While not under the effects of Insanity, Shadow Priests continue to rely heavily on abilities that inflict sustained damage over time. When you reach 100 Insanity, you enter Voidform, transforming your Mind spells into Void spells, and increasing your Shadow damage by 30%. Voidform causes your Insanity to constantly drain, faster and faster, until completely drained, and Voidform ends. Assault the targeta€™s mind with Shadow energy, causing minor Shadow damage over 3 sec and slowing their movement speed by 50%.
While in Voidform, transforms into Void Flay, which also extends Shadow Word: Pain by 3 sec. While in Voidform, transforms into Void Blast, which has a 4.5 sec cooldown, and also extends Vampiric Touch by 3 sec. A touch of darkness that causes huge Shadow damage over 24 sec, and heals the Priest for each point of damage dealt.
A word of darkness that causes minor Shadow damage instantly, and an additional huge amount of damage over 18 sec.
Each time Shadow Word: Pain deals damage, it generates 3 Insanity, and has a 10% chance to reset the cooldown of Mind Blast. The power of absorption mechanics has created a gameplay issue for healers that wea€™re looking to address in Legion.
Discipline Priests are now more clearly defined by their use of both Holy and Shadow magic, and that extends to how they function in combat. When you deal spell damage, you instantly heal all targets affected by Atonement for 50% of the damage done. Developer comment: Healing is not split between Atonementsa€”the more allies you have Atonement on, the more total healing that a damage spell will cause. Increases the healing transferred through Atonement by 28% (with Mastery from typical gear). The ally will take minor damage every 1 sec, until they have taken half that amount of total damage from all sources, or leave combat. A burst of light heals a friendly target and their 5 nearest allies for a moderate amount, and applies Atonement for 50% of its normal duration.
A word of darkness that causes minor Shadow damage instantly, and an additional huge amount of Shadow damage over 18 sec. We hope youa€™ve enjoyed this early preview of our approach to Priest class and specialization design in World of Warcraft: Legion. The starting-point for preparation of the original version of this key, in my 1998 BSJ Christmas Annual a€?Entertainment and Fantasya€?: The 1940 Dinner, was a partial one by Harry Hazard, Jr. Two listed in Smitha€™s minutes, Frank Henry and Malcolm Johnson, were old associates of Christopher Morley from his Doubleday years, and early Irregulars, but are not in the photograph nor in surviving copies of 221B from that night. Reviewing Russell McLauchina€™s 1946 memoir of his youth, Alfred Street, I reported that he wrote in one chapter about his boyhood interest in Sherlock Holmes going beyond mere enjoyable reading of the stories. He was born in 1894, and was nine years old when the Return of Sherlock Holmes stories began to appear in Colliera€™s Weekly in 1903. I was too young to know the wave of dismay that went round the English-speaking world when Sherlock and Professor Moriarty supposedly perished together in the Reichenbach Fall, but I can well remember the sombre effect on my ten-year-old spirits when I first read the closing paragraphs of the Memoirs. Elmer Davis, born the same year as Morley, wrote in his introduction to The Return of Sherlock Holmes in their 1952 Limited Editions Club appearance: a€?We who were born around the year 1890 have seen many things that we would just as soon have missed seeing. I can testify to the domestic excitement among subscribers to Colliera€™s, and gratefully acknowledge the self-abnegation of my parents who let me have first look at the issue that finally came in with The Return of Sherlock Holmes . Thanks to William Gillette, the second establishing factor in Russell McLauchlina€™s account in Alfred Street. In the Sherlock Holmes Collections Newsletter, June 2009, I wrote the a€?50 Years Agoa€? column about Evelyn Waugha€™s 1959 biography of Msgr.
I actually heard John Bennett Shaw explain the Cult of Sherlock Holmes and began my collecting mania with the Shaw 100, and organize my bookshelves by the religious categories: Canon, Apocrypha, and Writings about the Sacred Writings.
2011 will be the 100th anniversary of the lecture a€?Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmes,a€? and by it the founding of Sherlockian scholarship, by Ronald Knox.
For those bibliographers, a€?Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmesa€? has been published six times, the first being The Blue Book (conducted by Oxford undergraduates) Vol.
As a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford in 1911, Christopher Morley heard Knoxa€™s lecture a€?Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmesa€? and wrote about it in Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Of special note is that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote a letter to Knox dated July 5, 1912, which Waugh quotes in his book. In the letter Conan Doyle plays the Game and refers to the commentators as the learned and profound Sauwosch and the no less erudite Piff-Pouff, and ended with a€?renewed amazementa€”at the trouble you have taken.a€? The Great Game and Sherlockian studies were blessed by the Literary Agent. There to supplement his meager stipend as chaplain he began writing classic detective stories, publishing six in all including five novels and a short story featuring Miles Bredon, who is employed as a private investigator by the Indescribable Insurance Company. The criminal must be mentioned in the early part of the story, but must not be anyone whose thoughts the reader has been allowed to know. No hitherto undiscovered poisons may be used, nor any appliance which will need a long scientific explanation at the end. No accident must ever help the detective, nor must he ever have an unaccountable intuition which proves to be right.
The stupid friend of the detective, the Watson, must not conceal from the reader any thoughts which pass through his mind: his intelligence must be slightly, but very slightly, below that of the average reader. Twin brothers, and doubles generally, must not appear unless we have been duly prepared for them.
In his will, Ronald Knox left his manuscripts and copyrights to Evelyn Waugh and the royalties to the Asquith family.
The game of applying the methods of the a€?Higher Criticisma€? to the Sherlock Holmes canon was begun, many years ago, by Monsignor Ronald Knox, with the aim of showing that, by those methods, one could disintegrate a modern classic as speciously as a certain school of critics have endeavoured to disintegrate the Bible. Waugh notes that thirty years after a€?Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmesa€? was published, it had brought Knox a form of fame he found tedious.
Both Christopher Morley and Ronald Knox died in 1957.A Knox is gone but not forgotten and is especially remembered by us for starting Sherlockian scholarship. Wella€” I am no expert in false-memory disorder, but must point out that none of us remembers Ronald Knox starting Sherlockian scholarship. We have come to think that a€?the Mastera€? and a€?the Sacred Writingsa€? are religious affectations derived from Knoxa€™s talk. As for Morley bringing Knoxa€™s paper to America, we dona€™t even know if he heard it in 1911. But let us assume Morley did a€” for it reinforces my point that he didna€™t bring it to America and spread the gospel.
Only in 1926, said Morley in the Saturday Review of Literature that year, was his enthusiasm rekindled. It was a game Morley proceeded to transfer to a luncheon club of his wherein the BSI gestated (or perhaps marinated) at his favorite Manhattan speakeasy. In 1930 a€?Studies in the Literaturea€? came out in America, but it wasna€™t Morleya€™s kind of game, and he went his own way.
Roberts earned this accolade through two critical works, influential where Knox was not except in terms of refutable error that Roberts exposed in the lesser of them, a 1929 leaflet called A Note on the Watson Problem. Smith explained that Knoxa€™s paper, appearing in Essays in Satire, a€?elicited a rejoinder in 1929 from S. He said so because of the biographical treatment of Watson that Roberts was commissioned to write in 1930. Davis was also at Oxford in 1911, and his Constitution refers a€?the study of the Sacred Writings.a€? But Davis was a devotee long before, and in any event the term a€?Sacred Writingsa€? does not appear in Knoxa€™s talk. There is no hint of Knox in that 1941 memoir about the BSIa€™s beginnings, nor in Morleya€™s rewriting of it in 1946 for the Baker Street Journal. We Baker Street Irregulars possess more than a few religious parallels in our structure and lore.A For example, Sherlockianaa€™s beginnings in a 1912 parody of contemporary biblical exegesis by Ronald A. Poor Jon, Ia€™m sorry to hear that you lost your faith in Knox and no longer believe that Christopher Morley brought the gospel to America. Roberts goes on to say that it was Desmond MacCarthy who first printed his early life of Watson essay in Life and Letters.A After he wrote about Watsona€™s later life the two essays were combined for the Criterion Miscellany series and there by association with Frank Morley. Vincent Starretta€™s The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes reprinted a€?A Final Examination Paper on the Life and Work of Sherlock Holmesa€? by E. The Knox brothers, much like the Morleys, had an early interest in Sherlock Holmes and wrote to Doyle in 1905 their a€?Sign of Foura€? letter.A Knox also wrote the Decalogue Symposium, an early play with Sherlock Holmes along with sixteen named characters from history and literature along with New Women, Bimetallists, Flagellants, Seventh Day Baptists, and Choruses of Virtue and Vices. I realize some Sherlockians are deeply invested in the Knox myth, even unto multiple revenue streams for the BSI over the next two years.
And people at that time, when so much was suddenly stirring in canonical scholarship, did not believe Knox was its founder. The question of the Sherlock Holmes canon is once more before the public, and it will not be out of place to make some remarks on it in these columns, the place in which the Higher Criticism of the Holmes saga was first originated by Frank Sidgwick in 1902. It is not unfair to say that the article then published by Sidgwick has determined the whole tendency of this branch of learning. I am interested in what you wrote me in your last letter: you spoke of Monsignor Ronald Knox and Mr.
In fact there is another important a€?Clinical Notea€? from Morley that you omitted to mention in your debate.
Well, like Lady Frances Carfax, therea€™s still some fight in the corpse, but we shall see. 1931a€™s Saturday Review comment nodded to Knox in the course of Morley lavishly praising S.
Elmer Davis, born the same year as Morley, wrote in his introduction to The ReturnA  of Sherlock Holmes in their 1952 Limited Editions Club appearance: a€?We who were born around the year 1890 have seen many things that we would just as soon have missed seeing. 1.The criminal must be mentioned in the early part of the story, but must not be anyone whose thoughts the reader has been allowed to know. Description: This highly significant map of the world eluded examination by modern scholars for nearly four hundred years until its re-discovery in 1901 by the Jesuit historian, Joseph Fisher, in the library of Prince von Waldburg zu Wolfegg-Waldsee at the Castle of Wolfegg, WA?rttemberg Germany.
It had long been suspected that Martin WaldseemA?ller, a professor of cosmography at the school in St. The purpose of this little book is to write a description of the world map, which we have designed both as a globe and as a projection [tam in solido quam plano].
Martin WaldseemA?llera€™s Universalis Cosmographia secundum Ptholomei Traditionem et Americi Vespucci aliorum Lustrationes [A Map of the World According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci] was designed on a single cordiform projection and engraved on twelve wooden blocks (21 x 30 inches each; 54 x 96 inches overall) at Strasburg and printed at St. In Plate IX of the map, numbering the plates from left to right, the top row first, WaldseemA?ller re-asserts that he is particularly delineating the lands discovered by Vespucci.
A general delineation of the various lands and islands, including some of which the ancients make no mention, discovered lately between 1497 and 1504 in four voyages over the seas, two by Fernando of Castile, and two by Manuel of Portugal, most serene monarchs, with Amerigo Vespucci as one of the navigators and officers of the fleet; and especially a delineation of many places hitherto unknown. Vespucci claimed that on his first voyage he made discoveries along the coasts of Honduras and the Gulf of Mexico.
In describing the general appearance of the world, it has seemed best to put down the discoveries of the ancients, and to add what has since been discovered by the moderns, for instance, the land of Cathay, so that those who are interested in such matters and wish to find out various things, may gain their wishes and be grateful to us for our labor, when they see nearly everything that has been discovered here and there, or recently explored, carefully and clearly brought together, so as to be seen at a glance. This mapa€™s greatest claim to immortality, however, is contained in the simple word of seven letters, America, the earliest known use of that name to describe the newly found fourth part of the world, placed on the southern continent (present-day South America) of the world map only by WaldseemA?ller.
More than four years had elapsed since Amerigo Vespucci announced what he claimed to be the discovery of an entirely new continent, and as yet that new continent had no satisfactory name. In the first years of the new century, a group of scholars decided to produce a revised edition of the Cosmography of Ptolemy (#119) to meet the urgent need for new maps, according to the new discoveries. Martin WaldseemA?ller, a native of Freiburg in the Breisgau and appointed Professor of Geography at St. Toward the South Pole are situated the southern part of Africa, recently discovered, and the islands of Zanzibar, Java Minor, and Seula.
The name appeared in Halmal, a semi-divine mythical forefather or ancestor of the Amelungen, or royal tribe of the Ostrogoths, which was called A–mlunger. Returning to the map, it is curious to note that while the name America appeared on the new continent (South America) of the new hemisphere on the world map, WaldseemA?ller did not choose to use it on the small inset map of the western hemisphere, where South America is labeled Terra Incognita. By selecting the name America for a major portion of the new discoveries, WaldseemA?ller was not unaware of the contributions of Columbus and intended no denial of the credit properly due him. Plate I, in the upper left-hand corner, contains an inscription that explains WaldseemA?llera€™s ideas as to the location of the lands discovered by Vespucci and Columbus. Many have regarded as an invention the words of a famous poet [Virgil] that a€?beyond the stars lies a land, beyond the path of the year and the sun, where Atlas, who supports the heavens, revolves on his shoulders the axis of the world, set with gleaming starsa€?, but now finally it proves clearly to be true.
Instead of a€?19 degreesa€? he should have written a€?29 degreesa€? which, when added to the 23 degrees of the tropic, would have made the a€?52 degreesa€? given in the a€?thirda€? voyage as Amerigo Vespuccia€™s farthest south.
The remarkable geographical features of the WaldseemA?ller map are, however, more important than the giving of a name to one of them. These close approximations to geographical actualities were natural corollaries of Amerigoa€™s great a€?discoverya€™ of a a€?fourth part of the worlda€?.
WaldseemA?ller places a land to the west of Isabella Insula [Cuba], as do many of the other mapmakers of his time, La Cosa, Cantino, Ruysch and Caveri (#305, #308, #313, #307). To the south, the long attenuated form given to both Terra Ulteria€? Incognita and to America, the west coasts of which are, as it were, rolled back to indicate WaldseemA?llera€™s lack of knowledge of these areas. Leaving the New World discoveries, one cannot help but notice the striking resemblance between WaldseemA?llera€™s a€?Old Worlda€? outline and that presented by Henricus Martellus Germanus in his map of 1490 (#256).
Although many of the ancients were interested in marking out the circle of the land, things remained unknown to them in no slight degree; for instance, in the west, America, named after its discoverer, which is to be reckoned a fourth part of the world. In addition to Caveri, Martellus and Ptolemy, other sources synthesized by WaldseemA?ller include the narratives of Marco Polo, whose data concerning the geography of eastern China and the adjacent islands, though already known to the world in the map of Fra Mauro (#249), the Catalan Atlas (#235) and in globes such as those of Behaim (#258), are now for the first time embodied in a popular printed sheet map; and the Northmen, whose explorations in Mare Glaciale and in the neighborhood of Greenland were known from the maps of Claudius Clavus and those of Donnus Nickolaus Germanus. Thus, derived chiefly from Caveria€™s map (#307), itself based in many particulars upon the Cantino world map of 1502 (#308), the WaldseemA?ller production of 1507 transmitted the features of both to an impressive list of succeeding maps, globes and globe gores reaching to 1520 and well beyond.
Of the same year as the map itself, and displaying its features, was the previously alluded to printed globe issued by WaldseemA?ller, known today only by two sets of globe gores on uncut sheets.
WaldseemA?ller, himself, continued his cartographic production beginning with a revised edition of Ptolemya€™s Geographia (eventually published by others), which included a Supplement composed of 20 maps claimed by some scholars to be a€?the first modern atlas of the worlda€™. The regression of WaldseemA?ller to the Columbian conception of Cuba as a part of the continent of Asia was without question confusing to those who saw the map of 1516 with its specific legend. One can hardly overemphasize the significance in cartographic history, therefore, of the printed WaldseemA?ller productions of 1507 - world map, insets, and globe gores. The name America (applied to present-day Brazil) appeared for what is believed the first time on Martin WaldseemA?ller's 1507 world map a€” the so-called Baptismal Certificate of the New World.
AMERICA, we learn as schoolchildren, was named in honor of Amerigo Vespucci a€” for his discovery of the mainland of the New World.
Traditional history lessons about the discovery of America also raise questions about the meaning of discovery itself. And yet, despite the issue of who discovered America, we are still confronted with the awesome fact that it was the voyages of Columbus, and not earlier ones, that changed the course of world history.
Carew is resurrecting the ideas of Jules Marcou, a prominent French geologist who while studying North America argued, as did other 19th-century writers, that the name America was brought back to Europe from the New World; and that Vespucci had changed his name to reflect the name of his discovery.
Like Marcou, Carew wants us to believe that America was not named after Vespucci, but vice versa; that Vespucci had, so to speak, re-named himself after his discovery, gilding his given name by modifying it to reflect the significance of his discovery.
Some scholars believe Vespucci was named after Saint Emeric, son of the first king of Hungary. As was the custom of the Florentine nobility, Vespucci received an education that featured special instruction in the sciences connected with navigation a€” natural philosophy, astronomy, and cosmography a€” in which he excelled. During the first half of the 20th century, scholars discovered further evidence that clears away the cloud of misunderstanding and ignorance by which Vespucci has long been obscured. The voyage completed by Vespucci between May 1499 and June 1500 as navigator of an expedition of four ships sent from Spain under the command of Alonso de Hojeda is certainly authentic. Under Portuguese auspices he completed a second expedition, which set sail from Lisbon on May 31, 1501. Vespucci not only explored unknown regions but also invented a system of computing exact longitude and arrived at a figure computing the earth's equational circumference only fifty miles short of the correct measurement. The new geography included in its appendix WaldseemA?ller's large, stunning map of the world, on which the New World is boldly labeled AMERICA a€” in the middle of present-day Brazil. The baptismal passage in the Cosmographiae Introductio has commonly been read as argument, in which the authors said that they were naming the newly discovered continent in honor of Vespucci and saw no reason for objections.
Even though the Latinization of Americus fits a pattern, why did the cosmographers not employ Albericus (hence the assumption that "Alberigo" was Vespucci's authentic Christian name), the Latinization that had already been used for Amerigo's name as the author of the Mundus Novus? Did America get its name through oral tradition when those who had sailed with Columbus or Vespucci circulated stories that gold was to be found in the Amerrique Mountains of Nicaragua? The coast at the foot of the Amerrique Mountains that faces the Caribbean Sea is called the Mosquito Coast, named for the Mosquito Indians, who live there still. The Caribs, traveling far from their Carib or Cariay coast, could see the Amerriques in the distance, and these mountains for them could have signified the mainland. Rodney Broomea€™s recent book, Terra Incognita: The True Story of How America Got Its Name (2001), in which he argues for the Amerike theory, is a very good read, but ultimately lacks the hard evidence to support the authora€™s claim. An early version of this essay appeared in The American Voice (1988) and a section in Encounters (1991). In late May 2003, the Library of Congress completed the purchase of the only surviving copy of the first image of the outline of the continents of the world as we know them todaya€” Martin Waldseemullera€™s monumental 1507 world map. Martin Waldseemuller, the primary cartographer of the map, was a sixteenth-century scholar, humanist, cleric, and cartographer who had joined the small intellectual circle, the Gymnasium Vosagense, organized in Saint-DieI?, France. Thus, in northeast France was born the famous 1507 world map, entitled Universalis cosmographia secunda Ptholemei traditionem et Americi Vespucci aliorum que lustrationes (A drawing of the whole earth following the tradition of Ptolemy and the travels of Amerigo Vespucci and others). While it has been suggested that Waldseemuller incorrectly dismissed Christopher Columbusa€™s great achievement in history by the selection of the name America for the Western Hemisphere, it is evident that the information that Waldseemuller and his colleagues had at their disposal recognized Columbus's previous voyages of exploration and discovery. By 1513, when Waldseemuller and the Saint-DieI? scholars published the new edition of Ptolemy's Geographiae, and by 1516, when his famous Carta Marina was printed, Waldseemuller had removed the name America from his maps, perhaps suggesting that even he had second thoughts in honoring Vespucci exclusively for his understanding of the New World. A reported one thousand copies of the 1507 map were printed, which was a sizeable print run in those days. The Library of Congress's Geography and Map Division acquired in 1903 the facsimiles made of the 1507 and 1516 maps. Library of Congress and specialists in the Library were encouraged to investigate the opportunity. The 1507 world map is now the centerpiece of the outstanding cartographic collections of the Library of Congress, as it would be for any world class cartographic collection. The Librarya€™s acquisition of the Waldseemuller map represents an important moment to renew serious research into this exceptional map, to determine the sources which made possible its creation, and to investigate its contemporary impact and acceptance. Through agreement with Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg and the government of Germany, the 1507 world map by Martin Waldseemuller is to be placed on permanent display in the Library of Congressa€™s Great Hall area in the Thomas Jefferson Building. DESCRIPTION: The existence of sets of gores for making into a globe had been surmised for some time from the discussion in WaldseemA?llera€™s CosmographiA¦ Introductio. That which adds special significance to this young Germana€™s representations of the new lands, so far as a study of globes is concerned, is the repeated recurrence of his particular outlines or contours in the globe maps of the first quarter of the century, produced by such cartographers as Johann SchA¶ner of NA?rnberg (#328), and by those of his school.
In a little tract, printed in Strassburg in the year 1509, there appears to be a reference to a globe which may be that constructed by WaldseemA?ller. The twelve such gores, measuring 18 x 34.5 cm, corresponding very closely to those described by WaldseemA?ller were for a long time in the Hauslab-Leichtenstein collection and are now in the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
The world outline is a simplified reduction of WaldseemA?llera€™s large map of 1507 (#310) with relatively few names but (when mounted) sufficient for illustrative purposes.
Martin WaldseemA?ller, theologian and cosmographer, and Matthias Ringmann, a humanist poet, were brought to the monastery of St. Although it is likely that the simple globe gores, their model or a€?Marquettea€? of the New World view, would have been available with each issue of the Cosmographiae, the large 12 sheet wall-map, would have been too expensive to be sold as widely. Considerable speculation, misinformation and some misunderstanding has surrounded these globe gores and the large world map. Toronto Raptors center Jonas Valanciunas grabs a rebound in front of Miami Heat guard Dwyane Wade in Game 2 of their second-round encounter in the NBA playoffs at Air Canada Centre in Toronto on Thursday. DeMarre Carroll scored 21 points, Jonas Valanciunas had 15 points and 12 rebounds, and the Raptors beat the Miami Heat 96-92 on Thursday night to even the Eastern Conference semifinals at one game apiece.
Virtually ignored through three quarters, scoring four points on three shots, Valanciunas came alive with 11 points and seven rebounds in the fourth quarter and overtime as the Raptors avoided losing consecutive games for the first time this postseason. Toronto made just 42 percent of its shots compared to Miami's 49.4 percent, but the Raptors survived.
DeRozan scored 20 points, Kyle Lowry had 18 and Terrence Ross 10 for Toronto, which battled back late in the fourth quarter to force the second overtime of the series, then shut the Heat down to start it. That was the opposite of Game 1, in which Toronto could not score for the first 3:46 of OT. The Heat led 77-70 midway through the fourth, but back-to-back baskets by Valanciunas shaved the gap to 80-78 with 3:18 remaining. DeRozan missed a pair of free throws with 1:22 remaining but Valanciunas grabbed the rebound on the second and tipped it home to give Toronto an 82-80 lead. After a missed shot by Wade, Lowry hit a pull-up jumper with 45 seconds left, giving the Raptors a four-point cushion. Wade cut it to one with a 3 but Lowry replied with another jumper with 14.9 seconds to go, putting Toronto up 86-83. Lowry, whose halfcourt shot sent Game 1 to overtime, got the last attempt for the Raptors but could not hit the rim with a long 3-point attempt.
The Heat went cold in overtime, missing their first five field goal attempts, including three misses by Johnson. Miami matched a franchise postseason record with 11 turnovers in the first, leading to 14 Toronto points. Wade had to stop mid-answer during the postgame media conference as an insect buzzed around his face. So on Thursday, the Indiana Pacers' president of basketball operations announced he would not re-sign Frank Vogel to a new contract despite five trips to the playoffs, including two appearances in the Eastern Conference finals. The move comes four days after the Pacers fell just short of becoming the sixth No 7 seed to upset a No 2 seed since the playoffs were expanded during the 1980s.
Patrick Sharp set up the winner and also scored for the Stars, coming off a 6-1 loss in Game 3. Vladimir Tarasenko scored his sixth goal of the playoffs on a first-period breakaway and added an assist for St. The Stars, who finished first overall in the Western Conference, regained home-ice advantage heading into Game 5 on Saturday in Dallas.
Eakin has a goal and seven assists in the postseason and hustled to get into position on the deciding score. He beat Brian Elliott on a 3-on-2 break after getting a stick on Jori Lehtera's shot in tight on the other end against Kari Lehtonen. Liverpool's Robert Firmino and Adam Lallana sandwich Villarreal's Mateo Musacchio during the Europa League semifinal at Anfield on Thursday. Liverpool's performances in this season's Europa League have illuminated a path for the team's future, manager Juergen Klopp declared after his side sank Villarreal brilliantly to reach the final. Liverpool will face holder Sevilla in Basel in May 18 after a Bruno Soriano own goal and efforts from Daniel Sturridge and Adam Lallana at Anfield on Thursday secured a resounding 3-0 win and a 3-1 aggregate success.
Liverpool had made an inauspicious start to its Europa League campaign when Klopp succeeded Brendan Rodgers last October, but having now eliminated Augsburg, Manchester United, Borussia Dortmund and Villarreal, it will play in its first European final since 2007. Villarreal had procured a stoppage-time lead in last week's first leg through substitute Adrian Lopez's strike, but its advantage lasted less than seven minutes of the return fixture at a raucous Anfield as Bruno turned Roberto Firmino's cross into his own net. Sturridge, sliding in, had put the Villarreal captain under pressure and he would go on to put Liverpool ahead in the 63rd minute, finishing coolly from Firmino's scuffed volley, before setting up Lallana's third. Klopp had left Sturridge on the bench for Liverpool's three previous games in the tournament and he praised the injury-prone England international for seizing his opportunity against Villarreal. Villarreal coach Marcelino, whose side secured a Champions League playoff place at the weekend, admitted Liverpool had been superior and lauded its "huge" intensity. But he criticised Hungarian referee Viktor Kassai for his handling of a niggly game, in particular the decision to dismiss centerback Victor Ruiz after yellow cards in either half. Sevilla remained on course for a third consecutive Europa League title as Kevin Gameiro struck twice to down Shakhtar Donetsk 3-1 and progress to a final meeting with Liverpool 5-3 on aggregate on Thursday.
The Andalusians have won the competition four times in the past 10 years and can secure their place in next season's Champions League with victory over Juergen Klopp's men in Basel on May 18.
Already holding the cushion of two away goals from the first leg last week, Gameiro gave Sevilla the perfect start when he fired into the far corner after just nine minutes. Former Arsenal striker Eduardo briefly gave the Ukrainians hope when he leveled with a calm finish a minute before halftime. However, Sevilla quickly reasserted its stranglehold on the tie with a fine team goal finished off by Gameiro two minutes into the second half for his 28th goal of the season. Brazilian rightback Mariano handed Sevilla a two-goal advantage it never looked like relinquishing when he smashed home a stunning third just before the hour mark from outside the box. Paris Saint-Germain's Zlatan Ibrahimovic could consider a return to AC Milan in Serie A, according to the Sweden striker's agent in a report on Thursday. Ibrahimovic is set to leave the French champion at the end of the season, with reports claiming the 34-goal striker could be headed for England's Premier League.
Ibrahimovic's agent Mino Raiola told men's magazine GQ Italia that the Swede could return to Italy where he also starred for Juventus and Inter Milan.
In what is seen as a veiled reference to recent reports linking Ibrahimovic to a 75 million euros ($85 million) per-season deal in China, Raiola, in direct extracts from the magazine interview, said: "Ibra is a player who is capable of some amazing tricks. Raiola also represents Juventus midfielder Paul Pogba and Liverpool's on-loan AC Milan striker Mario Balotelli.
And he believes Balotelli, who has yet to resurrect his roller-coaster career at fallen Italian giant Milan, would have been a match for Barcelona icon Lionel Messi if he only had the same attitude to his career as Ibrahimovic. Balotelli has only recently returned to competition amid an injury-hit campaign but although earning plaudits for a string of composed performances, the former World Cup striker is set to be excluded from Italy's Euro 2016 squad by coach Antonio Conte later this month.
Raiola's diverse portfolio of players means he is regarded as an authority by many watchers of the sport, while considered a pariah by several top coaches and managers - among whom is Sir Alex Ferguson, who has crossed verbal swords with the multilingual Dutch agent before the Scot's retirement from soccer. And he rated the clubs in Italy's Serie A, the majority of whom do not own their own stadiums, as bottom of the class. Despite former run-ins with Ferguson, especially following Pogba's decision to walk away from Old Trafford to Juventus on a free transfer, Raiola paid tribute to the "managerial" and "strategic" skills of Manchester United's owners, the Glazer family. Tottenham Hotspur's 2-2 draw at Chelsea on Monday, which confirmed Leicester's extraordinary 5,000-1 success, sparked jubilation in the streets of Leicester and a party at the home of star striker Jamie Vardy, where the players had gathered to watch the match.
The festivities have continued across the week, with the squad dining out at a city-center restaurant on Tuesday, but Saturday's game presents an opportunity for players, staff and supporters to unite in communal celebration of a feat that has captivated fans around the world.
Ranieri has admitted he is torn between urging his team to power over the line and wanting to enjoy the moment, saying on Thursday: "Inside me there are two people. The renowned Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli will set the tone with prematch renditions of Nessun Dorma and Time to Say Goodbye, honoring a recent promise to his countryman Ranieri. After the match, the trophy will be presented to Leicester captain Wes Morgan by lifelong supporter Steve Worthy, who won a competition organized by league sponsor Barclays. He is dedicating the experience to his 97-year-old grandmother, Gladys Knight, who had to forfeit her season ticket this season due to ill health.
The 25kg trophy, topped by a golden crown, will be decorated with ribbons of blue, for Leicester, and yellow, representing the royal house of Thailand, which is the country of club owner King Power. Morgan will become the first Leicester skipper to hoist a major trophy since Matt Elliott lifted the League Cup 16 years ago and the 32-year-old centerback has already been picturing the moment. On the pitch, Leicester will welcome back 22-goal top scorer Vardy after he was suspended for the 4-0 win over Swansea City and last weekend's 1-1 draw at Manchester United, which took Ranieri's men to the brink of glory. Leicester's vice-chairman, Aiyawatt Srivaddhanaprabha, claims Riyad Mahrez has told him he wants to stay with the newly crowned Premier League champion. Mahrez's future was thrown into doubt when the Algeria international's agent recently claimed it was only 50-50 whether the PFA player of the year would remain at the King Power Stadium next season. Mahrez signed a new four-year deal in 2015 but has been linked with Barcelona after scoring 18 times to help fire the Foxes to an improbable title.
But with Leicester due to receive the Premier League trophy after Saturday's final home game of the season against Everton, Aiyawatt made it clear he expects to keep Mahrez for his club's assault on the Champions League next term. Dropping jumpers from every corner and angle, the Cleveland Cavaliers drained an NBA record 25 3-pointers - the most in any regular season or playoff game - during a 123-98 runaway win over the Atlanta Hawks on Wednesday night in Game 2 of their Western Conference semifinal. From the outset, they were on target and on a tear, and afterward LeBron James struggled to explain it.
James made four 3s and scored 27 points for the defending conference champions, who were able to rest their starters for the entire fourth quarter. Even the team's mascot, Moondog, got in on the act by making an over-the-head, backward fling from half court on his first try in the final minutes.
They made 18 3-pointers in the first half and added seven more after halftime to embarrass the Hawks, who have lost 10 straight postseason games to Cleveland. The Cavs spent the final few minutes chasing history and when reserve Dahntay Jones dropped the Cavs' 24th 3 with 2:24 left, it bettered the mark of 23 previously held by Orlando (2009) and Houston (2013). The Warriors, who beat the Cavs in last year's Finals and seem to be on a collision course with them again, recently set the postseason mark by making 21 3-pointers.
Smith made six 3-pointers in the first half - the Cavs knocked down seven straight during one dizzying stretch - as Cleveland built a 38-point lead over the stunned Hawks, who will head home for Friday's Game 3 down 2-0 in the series and demoralized. There was little Atlanta defenders could do against the Cavs, who stood behind the line, took aim and dropped shot after shot after shot.
After making Cleveland's 16th 3-pointer in the first half, the easygoing Smith skipped back on defense like a little child on a schoolyard playground as Cleveland's towel-waving fans danced with delight and smelled blood.
Cleveland went past Golden State's record when Kyrie Irving nailed a 3-pointer with 5:06 left in the third quarter.
Paul Millsap scored 16 points and Jeff Teague added 14 for the Hawks, who need to regroup quickly or they will get swept by the Cavs for the second straight year. Here is the kind of night it was for Atlanta: Millsap knocked down a long 3-pointer to end the first quarter, but replays showed it came after the horn and was disallowed. Kevin Love was not slowed after injuring his right shoulder in Game 1 and finished with 11 points and 13 rebounds for the Cavs.
Cavaliers: James refused to comment on reports that he will star in Space Jam 2, a sequel to the popular Warner Bros.
Veteran big man Chris Bosh, reportedly in a standoff with the Miami Heat over his health, won't return to the Heat in this NBA postseason, the team said on Wednesday. He missed the second half of the 2014-15 season due to blood clots, with a clot migrating to his lungs and forcing him into a hospital stay.
In March, Bosh issued a statement saying his condition this season had "never been life threatening" and he was confident he would return to the court this season. The Heat, however, have been reluctant to put him back on the floor, according to some reports because Bosh was taking blood thinners to combat the clots.
Last week Bosh posted a Snapchat video of himself shooting three-pointers with the caption "I still got it".
Several US media outlets reported Bosh had asked the NBA Players' Association to intervene on his behalf. He traveled to Toronto, separately from his teammates, and was on hand when they opened their Eastern Conference semifinal series against the Raptors with a victory. Given a rare moment of freedom from his usual spot parked in front of the opponent's net, the Pittsburgh Penguins forward pushed the Washington Capitals to the brink of elimination on Wednesday. Hornqvist fired a loose puck between Braden Holtby's legs 2:34 into overtime to give the Penguins a 3-2 victory in Game 4 of the NHL's tightly contested Eastern Conference semifinal.
Washington's Mike Weber tried to steer the puck out of harm's way in front of the net, but it went right to Hornqvist, who was charging in from the right circle.
The burly forward buried it for his fifth goal of the postseason to give the Penguins a 3-1 lead in the best-of-seven series.
Washington dropped three consecutive games just once while capturing the Presidents' Trophy for posting the league's best record during the regular season. Now the Capitals find themselves three periods away from an eighth playoff series loss to Pittsburgh in nine all-time postseason meetings. The Penguins survived despite missing defenseman Kris Letang, serving a one-game suspension for an illegal hit on Marcus Johansson in Game 3. The makeshift defensive corps played just fine in the absence of perhaps Pittsburgh's most indispensable blueliner.
As well, Penguins captain Sidney Crosby missed half the third period with an upper body problem. The Penguins blocked 14 shots and clogged the area in front of the net to protect rookie goaltender Matt Murray.
The Arizona Coyotes are promoting 26-year-old John Chayka to general manager, making him the youngest GM in NHL history, a source familiar with the situation said on Wednesday. Because an official announcement has not been made, Associated Press was told by a source on condition of anonymity that the Coyotes have scheduled a Thursday media conference to introduce Chayka. Chayka will be younger than 13 players on Arizona's current roster and will surpass Gord Stellick, who was 30 when he was hired by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1988, as the youngest GM in league history. Chayka co-founded hockey analytics firm Stathletes in 2009 and served as its director of hockey operations before being hired as Arizona's assistant GM under Maloney before last season. Hockey teams have in recent years turned more toward analytics similar to the Moneyball approach in baseball, but Chayka will be the first from that background to become an NHL general manager. Coach Dave Tippett is expected to have a larger role in Arizona's hockey operations under Chayka.
Pittsburgh Penguins players celebrate Wednesday's overtime victory over the Washington Capitals in their Eastern Conference semifinal.
Along with the defending champion, Russia is one of the favorites as it pursues its first title on home ice since 1986.
Head coach Oleg Znarok, who led the Russians to gold two year ago in Minsk, is relying heavily on Columbus Blue Jackets' Sergei Bobrovsly, his country's only winner of the Vezina Trophy, given annually to the NHL's goaltender. Detroit Red Wings 'Miracle Man' Pavel Datsyuk will also play for Russia, along with Chicago Blackhawks' Artemi Panarin. But the team faces a tough challenge from Team Canada, which boasts a host of players who humbled Russia 6-1 in the final last year.
Even though many of Canada's top stars are still competing in the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs, manager Bill Peters can count on Colorado Avalanche center Matt Duchene, Edmonton Oilers left winger Taylor Hall and Buffalo Sabres center Ryan O'Reily, who all won the title last year in the Czech Republic. Canada will also be bolstered by the speed and firepower of Edmonton Oilers teenage sharpshooter Connor McDavid.
Team USA boss John Hynes, the head coach of New Jersey Devils, will try to lead his team to its first title since 1960. Edmonton Oilers center Matt Hendricks, who captained the US team to bronze last year and Columbus Blue Jackets winger Nick Foligno form the team's backbone along with Buffalo Sabres defender Jake McCabe and Arizona Coyotes' blueliner Connor Murphy. From the drinking and gambling, four divorces, two trips to alcohol rehab and the parade of demons and doubts in his head, it's a wonder Daly made it this far. There are enough wild adventures to fill a book, so Daly wrote one 10 years ago - John Daly: My Life In and Out of the Rough. Daly makes his debut this week at the Insperity Invitational outside Houston, where tournament officials are expecting attendance to double.
The PGA Tour Champions features 54-hole events with no cuts - good news for a guy who has missed 209 cuts in his PGA Tour career. His wild ride began 25 years ago this summer when he drove through the night to Indiana as the ninth alternate, and without ever having seen Crooked Stick, gripped and ripped his way to a stunning PGA Championship victory. It went downhill from there, until another surprising climb when he won the British Open at St. And it is all documented in a rather large dossier at PGA Tour headquarters known as his disciplinary file. The PGA Tour has suspended him at least twice, and another time Daly agreed to sit out six months. One year in Australia, he hit seven shots into the water until he was out of golf balls, then walked off the course. Former British Open champion John Daly looks at his name inscribed on the Cavern Club Wall of Fame in Liverpool before a 2006 performance with his band. The deal will see CCTVSE, a wholly-owned subsidiary under the CCTV Sports Channel banner, be responsible for the operation and promotion of the event while CCTV5 will broadcast the game live.
VfL Wolfsburg is widely known among Chinese fans, partly because of its signing of Zhang Xizhe in 2014 from CSL side Beijing Guo'an.
Zhang is one of four Chinese players to have plied their trade in Germany's top-flight competition. Zhang was listed on Wolfburg's squad three times during the 2014-15 season before returning to China in August to resume playing for his home side. Wolfsburg performed well in the European Champions League this season, reaching the quarterfinals of the prestigious event. The club also has seven players on its roster who will represent their national teams at Euro 2016 in France.
That group includes German internationals Julian Draxler, Andre Schurrle, Max Kruse and Sabastian Jung.
The Wolves depart for the Far East on May 16, two days after their final game of the season at home to VfB Stuttgart, and will return to Germany on May 22. This year will be the fourth time Wolfsburg has toured China since the club's first trip in 2004.
China's world-leading transfer splurge has left two teams with red faces after holder Guangzhou Evergrande and Jiangsu Suning crashed out in the AFC Champions League group stage.
Just months after they repeatedly smashed Asia's transfer record to hire top players, the two sides flopped in the regional competition, a route to a coveted FIFA Club World Cup spot.
Luiz Felipe Scolari's Evergrande was particularly poor as it was eliminated with a game to spare. Evergrande's injury-hit striker Jackson Martinez has been unable to fill the shoes of the prolific Elkeson - now with Shanghai SIPG - since arriving from Atletico Madrid. And on Wednesday, a Jiangsu lineup featuring Asia's record signing Alex Teixeira, ex-Chelsea midfielder Ramires and Jo, who has played for Manchester City and Brazil, was held 2-2 by Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors to join Evergrande on the sidelines. The big-spending clubs' failure has particular resonance this week after little Leicester City stunned the glamor sides of English soccer to claim an incredible Premier League title. The British boxer, who normally fights at welterweight, faces a daunting battle against the hard-hitting Alvarez in a bout which many believe is too daunting or the 29-year-old from Bolton. But Khan insists he is relishing the prospect of star billing after enduring years of frustration trying unsuccessfully to land a bout against the likes of Floyd Mayweather and Manny Pacquiao. World Boxing Council middleweight champion Alvarez (46-1, 32 KOs) said he was confident his power will be too much for Khan. De La Hoya insisted the idea of a Khan upset was not outside the realm of possibility - citing the example of Leicester City's remarkable title triumph in the English Premier League. Cristiano Ronaldo lauded the impact made by Real Madrid manager Zinedine Zidane as the Frenchman led the Spanish giant into the Champions League final with a 1-0 win over Manchester City on Wednesday. Brazilian midfielder Fernando's first-half own goal was the only difference between the sides over two legs as Real set up a repeat of the 2014 final against local rival Atletico Madrid in Milan on May 28.
Zidane replaced the fired Rafael Benitez with Madrid sputtering in January, sparking the club's second run to the final in the 14 years since he scored the winning goal for Real against Bayer Leverkusen in 2002.
Ronaldo returned from a three-game absence due to a thigh injury, but was unable to match his own record of 17 Champions League goals in a single season in a tight game short on clear-cut chances. Zidane admitted he could bask in some of the glory for Real's resurgence of 19 wins in his 24 games in charge, but reserved his praise for the players. The Welshman scored as Real beat Atletico 4-1 after extra-time in the final two years ago to seal a successful first year in Madrid.
However, he endured a difficult second season and was jeered by his own fans after missing a series of chances when Real bowed out to Juventus in last season's semifinal. Bale was denied his first Champions League goal of the season as UEFA credited the only goal of the tie to the unlucky Fernando. Manchester City coach Manuel Pellegrini said his side did not deserve to be eliminated from the Champions League, despite registering just one shot on goal in its 1-0 semifinal, second-leg loss to Real Madrid on Wednesday.
Gareth Bale's deflected effort in the 20th minute was enough to propel Real into the final, although the narrow margin of Wednesday's victory did not do justice to the Spanish side's dominant display. City could only muster five attempts on goal to Madrid's 15 and only hit the target once, although Fernandinho clipped the post just before halftime. Pellegrini won the Premier League and League Cup in his first season with City after succeeding Roberto Mancini in 2013 but has only added this season's League Cup to the club's trophy cabinet since. Although he succeeded in guiding the team beyond the Champions League's group stages in each of his three seasons, the Chilean has ultimately fallen short of the club's lofty aspirations in Europe. Real Madrid's Gareth Bale (left) watches as his shot is deflected into the goal by Manchester City defender Fernando in Madrid on Wednesday. And three weeks later, Spieth's not quite ready to say he's fully recovered from letting a five-shot lead in the final round morph into that awkward ceremony that ended with him slipping the green jacket on Britain's Danny Willett following an ugly and very public collapse.
It just hadn't really happened to Spieth during the 22-year-old's sprint to the top of the world rankings, a dash that included a pair of major championships and a reputation as one of the game's steadiest players as the holes dwindled and the stakes rose.
Spieth endured the uncomfortable post-round ceremony with Willett, whose brilliant closing 5-under-par 67 will be forever tied with the way Spieth let it slip away.
Spieth admitted "this one will hurt" in the aftermath and he's spent the last few weeks trying to decompress and get ready for the daunting test that awaits at Oakmont in June. So Spieth did what most early 20-somethings with time to burn and money to spend did: he went on a well-appointed spring break, joining Rickie Fowler, Smylie Kaufman and Justin Thomas for a getaway at a tropical resort that Fowler chronicled via Snapchat. It will be back to work on Wednesday when Spieth takes a long look at Oakmont, which is prepping to host its ninth US Open and first since 2007, before heading to Florida for next week's Players Championship. Spieth plans to treat his preparation for the rugged test in the Western Pennsylvania hills much the same way he got ready for Chambers Bay last summer, when he edged Dustin Johnson and Louis Oosthuizen by a stroke. Angel Cabrera captured the Open in its last visit to Oakmont with a four-round total of 5 over par. It will take nerves to survive, and regardless of what that stretch at the Masters looked like, Spieth isn't worried about his confidence being rattled should he be in the mix on Father's Day.
For an event returning to the Olympics after more than 100 years, some industry experts are concerned the withdrawal of key names could turn off casual fans who might watch golf for the first time during the Game. In the past few weeks, Australia's Adam Scott withdrew, as well as South Africans Louis Oosthuizen and Charl Schwartzel, drawing criticism from nine-time major winner and South Africa team captain Gary Player, who said "many people have fought tooth and nail" to return golf to the Olympics. The players who do not show up may end up regretting it, said Jim Bell, executive producer of NBC Olympics. Golf Channel is touting other players who say they are excited to compete for a spot in Rio, such as Americans Jordan Spieth and Bubba Watson and Ireland's Rory McIlroy.
But some viewers might be turned off if more notable golfers are not in the lineup, said Michael Neuman, managing partner of the sports marketing division of Horizon Media. Golf was chosen by the International Olympic Committee eager to tap new markets and win fans. Tiger Woods has dropped out of the top 500 golfers in the world for the first time in his 20-year professional career.
Being injured and idle has sent Tiger Woods out of the top 500 in the world for the first time in his 20-year career as a pro. Woods hasn't played since the Wyndham Championship last August and he had played poorly (and sparingly because of injuries) the year before that. Woods was No 875 on April 2, 1995, the week before he tied for 41st in his Masters debut as an amateur. A Masters invitation is off the charts (Taylor lives in Augusta, Stuard has never played the Masters), and the money should be ignored (each earned $1.26 million).
And yes, he gets in the Masters, PGA Championship, The Players Championship and several more than weren't on the agenda a week ago.
The 37-year-old Smith has never made it to the US Open, and he would desperately like to play the next one. It hasn't been a lack of effort, with one story he told last week about the time he tried to qualify in 2007, the last time the US Open was at Oakmont.
He was an alternate out of local qualifying and received a call on Friday that there was a spot for him in the 36-hole sectional qualifying on Monday.
Among his Walker Cup teammates are Rickie Fowler (2009), Jordan Spieth (2011) and Justin Thomas (2013). The USGA accepted 9,877 entries for the June 16-19 US Open at Oakmont, the third-most in history.


Leicester City's fairytale run to clinch the English Premier League soccer title was hailed by American golfer John Daly on Tuesday as he congratulated his fellow "underdogs" for their success.
For Daly, Leicester's unexpected success echoed his first major victory at the 1991 PGA Championship, where he was the ninth and final alternate into the field and found out just a day before the tournament began that he would be playing.
Last week: Brian Stuard won his first PGA Tour event in a playoff at the Zurich Classic over Jamie Lovermark and Byeong An. Last tournament: Woody Austin and Michael Allen won the Bass Pro Legends of Golf at Cedar Lodge on April 24. Last week: Jenny Shin won the Volunteers of America Texas Shootout for her first LPGA Tour victory. Anyone with a stopwatch and a set of hand wraps can be the former, but only a guy who has hit and been hit can become the latter. As a teenager, the native of Plainfield, New Jersey, compiled an amateur record of 103-13, with 50 knockouts.
A fleet-footed super featherweight with dynamite in both fists, the man nicknamed 'The Shadow' was 19-0 and the No 1 challenger to world champion Rocky Lockridge (42-5) when they met on April 4, 1988 in Atlantic City.
A couple of months later, while he was preparing for a bout in New York, Knight's brain scan revealed a benign cyst lesion.
After Knight quit boxing, his former trainer, John Davenport, started working with heavyweight prospect Lennox Lewis.
Knight recently agreed to work with Xiong, the pint-sized slugger from Kunming, Yunnan province, who became China's first professional world champion by winning the WBC strawweight (105 lbs) belt in 2013. Xiong's record of 26-6-1 includes 14 knockouts, and he has won four of five since being dethroned by Mexico's Oswaldo Novoa in 2014. Now ranked No 3 in the world, Xiong will face No 6 Jose Jimenez of Colombia in a 12-rounder on the May 25 card headlined by IBF world flyweight champ Amnat Ruenroeng of Thailand defending his title in a rematch against No 1 contender Johnriel Casimero of the Philippines. The card is being held in conjunction with the IBF's 33rd annual convention in China's capital from May 23-27. Besides Xiong, Knight is working with super bantamweight Qiu Xiaojun (20-2) and featherweight Xu Que (8-1-1) - and he sees a lot of potential in all of them. During spirited sparring that saw all three fighters square off with each other, Knight was right in the mix. Britain's Anthony Joshua is considering the possibility of defending his International Boxing Federation world heavyweight title at Beijing's Bird's Nest Stadium, promoter Barry Hearn said on Monday. Hearn said he was talking to Chinese officials about a contest involving the 26-year-old Joshua, who won his version of the heavyweight crown when he dethroned Charles Martin in London last month. Joshua, who won gold for Britain at the 2012 London Olympics, will make his first title defense against American Dominic Breazeale in London next month. A win would put Joshua on course for a unification fight with fellow British world champion Tyson Fury. Hearn said that if everything goes according to his schedule, Joshua could fight China's 2008 Olympic silver medallist Zhang Zhilei in Beijing. China is set to play a dominant role in world snooker, according to some of the sport's top officials as they reacted to Ding Junhui's best-ever performance by an Asian player in a world title event.
Ding, 29, who moved to the UK at the age of 15 to pursue his snooker dream, this week narrowly missed unseating Mark Selby from his global No 1 spot in a gripping final of the World Championship at Sheffield's Crucible Theatre. It was another landmark in a career in which Ding has served as his country's standard-bearer in a sport that is undergoing rapid growth in interest and participation. Ding has inspired a new wave of young players who want to match his career haul of 11 ranking titles. Barry Hearn, chairman of rights-holder World Snooker, said on Tuesday the Chinese government is pouring investment into sport and this would help the country dominate not only snooker but most other sports within 10 to 15 years. Jason Ferguson, chairman of the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association, said snooker is already huge in China. Aside from Ding, players such as Zhou Yuelong, Yan Bingtao and Zhao Xintong are likely to become a lot more familiar over the next decade in a sport that attracts 100 million television viewers in the world's most populous nation. During this year's final it was announced the World Championship will stay in Sheffield until at least 2027. Hearn hinted that if China misses out on hosting the World Championship for the foreseeable future, other, bigger events would be set up there instead.
Ding, whose record at the World Championship had been poor before this year, said: "Five years ago I reached the semifinals, and this year I made it one step further. The Chinese player received a plaudit from seven-time world champion Stephen Hendry, who said: "Ding is a player at a different level to most of the others. Pep Guardiola says he views his three-year reign at Bayern Munich as a dismal failure after again being unable to steer the Bavarians to the Champions League final. Bayern lost the semifinal first leg 1-0 in Spain, and won the return 2-1 in Munich on Tuesday as Atletico Madrid triumphed on away goals.
Bayern Munich head coach Pep Guardiola watches Tuesday's Champions League second leg semifinal match against Atletico Madrid in Munich.
Antoine Griezmann's goal for Atletico made all the difference at Allianz Arena as the tie finished 2-2 on aggregate. Bayern has again exited the semifinals in Europe at the hands of Spanish opponents after losing to Barcelona in 2015 and Real Madrid in 2014. Guardiola was asked if he viewed his time in Munich as a failure despite winning five trophies so far, including two German league titles. Bayern can become the first team to win four consecutive German league titles if it beats Ingolstadt on Saturday and then face Borussia Dortmund in the German Cup final on May 21. But Guardiola, who will coach Manchester City next season, says the chance to win the double does not make up for the disappointment of another semifinal exit. Guardiola said he had no regrets about his lineup, having recalled Thomas Mueller, Franck Ribery and Jerome Boateng in three changes from the side that lost the first leg. Bayern captain Philipp Lahm said the squad regretted failing to reach the European final in Guardiola's swansong season. Atletico reached its second Champions League final in three years, despite losing 2-1 at Bayern Munich on Tuesday in the semifinal return leg as it finished 2-2 on aggregate. After Atletico beat Bayern 1-0 in Madrid, Griezmann's crucial away goal in Munich means Diego Simeone's squad will face either Real Madrid or Manchester City in the final. Atletico Madrid's Fernando Torres (left), Stefan Savic, Saul Niguez and Teye Thomas celebrate winning Tuesday's Champions League semifinal against Bayern Munich. Atletico, tied with Barcelona at the top of La Liga with two games remaining, faces a busy few weeks. Bayern coach Pep Guardiola will rue Thomas Mueller's saved first-half penalty just after Xabi Alonso gave the hosts the lead by crashing home a first-half free kick.
There was similar drama in the second half when Manuel Neuer saved Torres' late penalty attempt for Atletico. Simeone said he was stunned by his side's ability to cope with the stress in the pressure-cooker atmosphere of Munich's Allianz Arena. Simeone also singled out Atletico goalkeeper Jan Oblak and Neuer for their saves to deny Mueller and Torres respectively. Having lost 4-1 to Real Madrid in the 2014 Champions League final, Atletico will now bid for their first European crown at the third attempt having also lost the 1974 final - to Bayern. In this entry, wea€™re exploring the Priesta€”to find out whata€™s in store for a different class, check out the overview. In these blogs, wea€™ll be exploring class identity, discussing Legiona€™s new designs, and presenting core combat abilities for each specializationa€”laying out the foundation upon which talents and Artifacts will build further. But while this clearly holds true for Holy Priests, these ideas are less fundamental to Discipline Priestsa€”and the ideals and beliefs of Shadow Priests are antithetical to those of Holy Priests. The Chakra system was cumbersome, requiring additional setup to optimally use most spells and restricting how much you could fluidly shift between healing methods. When the heal occurs, Prayer of Mending jumps to another party or raid member within 20 yds.
But the brightest light casts the darkest shadowa€”and from within this blackness, a rival power dwells. Finally, having turned away from the Light, Shadow Priests eschew such spells as Heal, Flash Heal, and Prayer of Mending.
They understand that light casts a shadow, that darkness is defined by light, and that true discipline stems from onea€™s ability to balance these opposing powers in services of a greater cause.
Discipline Priests have been so effective in their role of preventing damage that it has sometimes left other healers yearning for an opportune time to throw out a clutch heal. Sacrificing a portion of healing ability and having a reduced focus on absorption spells, they gain a significant contribution in damage.
Harris (a€?The Creeping Man,a€? BSI) described the spirit of the BSIa€™s annual dinners at the Murray Hill Hotel and Cavanagha€™s in the 1930s through the 1960s, before growing numbers brought it to an end by forcing the annual dinner to move to many round tables (instead of close proximity as shown in the 1947 photograph on the websitea€™s The BSI page), in huge banquet rooms in overplush hotels and clubs, ever since. Colling, a theater and broadcast media friend of Morleya€™s from their Hoboken theater days in the late 1920s. The intolerable pathos of the cigarette-case on the rocky ledge; the firm clear handwriting of that last stoic message!
And for another twelve pages of his introduction, Elmer Davis expounded upon the exegetical scholarship that was applied, initially by excited young readers like himself in 1903-04, to the Adventures and Memoirs stories as well in light of the revelations of the Return stories in Colliera€™s Weekly. Smith was born in 1894, like McLauchlin, hence nine years old when the Return stories began to appear in Colliera€™s. I shall look into Edgara€™s correspondent at the time, Vincent Starrett, but I know that in his autobiography Born in a Bookshop he related being captivated by the historical novels of A. Sveum championed the Baker Street Irregulars party line that Ronald Knox created Sherlockian scholarship, and Christopher Morley brought it to America and spread the gospel. Knox, so I foolishly challenged him to come to Minnesota and, using Oxford Union rules, debate the Motion that Ronald Knox founded Sherlockian Scholarship.
I thought everyone knew that Sherlockian Higher Criticism and calling Holmes the Master was due to Knoxa€™s religious influence. Living in Shropshire, he was able to devote his time to translating the Vulgate Bible into English, a project that took nine years.
Since then, the thing has become a hobby among a select set of jesters here and in America.
Knox wrote to an editor who asked for a review, a€?I cana€™t bear books about Sherlock Holmes. We werena€™t around in 1911, nor in the early a€?30s when the scholarship took off and the BSI and Sherlock Holmes Society were founded. It was as you say a rather juvenile talk, with its Monsieur Piff-Pouffs and Herr Bilgemanns. Others had done so a decade earlier, Arthur Bartlett Maurice in The Bookman in America and Frank Sidgwick in The Cambridge Review in England, in January 1902 as Hound of the Baskervilles was appearing serially. Someone else did, and was in the thoughts of the BSIa€™s and Sherlock Holmes Societya€™s scholars and founders in 1934. Morley was inflicting examinations in the Canon upon his brothers Felix and Frank long before 1911, and forming, in turn-of-the-century Baltimore, a Sherlock Holmes club with other youngsters. By the time Morley arrived in Oxford in 1910 at age 20, having discovered girls, booze, and ambition, his boyhood Sherlock Holmes enthusiasm had gone dormant a€” and by his own admission it was still dormant when he came home in 1913 to begin his career as a writer. Not by Knox, but an unnamed printer he met in New York; and what rekindled it was an impromptu trivia game of the kind Morley had often played as a boy with brothers and chums. Doctor Watson, published by Faber & Faber in early 1931, had tremendous impact upon devotees on both sides of the ocean. Watson: A Chronology of Their Adventures also gave Roberts first place among students of the Canon, while referring to Knox but once.
There was little religious terminology in Knoxa€™s paper, which satirized German scholarship, not religious rites. What Morley identified specifically as the BSIa€™s inspirations were William Gillettea€™s Farewell Tour of 1928-32, Robertsa€™ Doctor Watson, Starretta€™s Private Life, and Davisa€™s Roberts-besotted review of Starrett in the Saturday Review.
Knoxa€™s talk cracked up Oxford lads compelled to read nineteenth-century biblical criticism, but in our scholarship and movement, Knox is only a latter-day saint: no evidence of having been in Morleya€™s mind when his zest for Holmesiana was revived in 1926, nor when he turned his luncheon club into a Baker Street club, nor when he founded the BSI. Our scholarshipa€™s starting point is Frank Sidgwicka€™s examination of Watsonian chronology in 1902, and our movement was triggered by S. In that year the editor of the Cambridge Review invited me to review the omnibus edition of the short stories of Sherlock Holmes together with R. If there is anything pleasant in criticism, it is finding out what we arena€™t meant to find out. Sveum quoting an article of mine from the Baker Street Journal at me, but that was written in 1992, when my BSI history researches were still young. Our Wiggins recently re-asserted the faith in an encyclical letter of sorts to Irregulars, though strangely it did not arrive in my in-box. He was mainly concerned with pointing out discrepancies a€” and very serious ones a€” in the dates of the a€?Hound of the Baskervillesa€?; and since that time, critics have faithfully followed his method, have concentrated their attention on questions of chronology, of text, of the minutiae of the literary technique. His Chicago Tribune column was written not for us, but for the masses, a€?the great unobservant public, who can hardly tell a weaver by his tooth or a compositor by his left thumb.a€? He knew better. We are Sherlockians and Irregulars, and should adhere to what Christopher Morley called a€?the metal actuality of Baker Street doctrine.a€? Like Sherlock Holmes, we do not take things on faith. Parliament and the Savoy Hotel were blown up and the Minister of Traffic was hanged from a lamp-post. Morleya€™s column in the Baker Street Journala€™s debut issue would have been a new opportunity to say he heard Father Knox give his talk at Oxford in 1911, or cite its supposed foundation of our scholarship, or the making of BSI. Of course this is not a declaration of Knoxa€™s a€?supposed foundation of our scholarship, or the making of BSI,a€? as you say. Robertsa€™s pamphlet Doctor Watson (1931) -- a€?a delightful bit of serio-spoofa€? -- stating that a€?his essay, together with that of Father Ronald Knox in Studies in Satire [sic], is a necessary addition to the Holmes-Watson codex.a€? (Saturday Review of Literature, March 7, 1931, p. I have to wonder why Morley put these references to Knoxa€™s paper in Stanley Hopkinsa€™ mouth, not his own. Fisher found the only known remaining copy of this map securely bound up in an old book bearing the bookplate of the 16th century German mathematician and geographer Johannes SchA¶ner. Die, located in the Vosges Mountains of France, had made a map of the world in the year 1507. Die in a an original issue of about 1,000 copies (a thousand copies represented a large edition for this time, immediately preceding post-Columbian world maps, such as Juan de la Cosaa€™s, Cantinoa€™s and Caveria€™s (#305 thru #309 - were all manuscript maps).
All this we have carefully drawn on the map, to furnish true and precise geographical knowledge.
A Florentine cosmographer, he sailed in 1497 with a commission appointed by Ferdinand and Isabella to investigate reports that Columbusa€™ administration of Hispaniola was inept. He also credited himself with three other voyages by 1503, when he made his last, an investigation of the coast of Brazil for Portugal.
Taken together, these inset hemispheres form the most comprehensive and most nearly correct representation of the world displayed on any map known to have been constructed up to the year of 1507.
Besides this world map, WaldseemA?ller also introduced the name America in two other media, in the previously mentioned Cosmographia Introductio and on his globe (thought by some scholars to be the so-called Hausslab-Linchoten globe (#311), both also produced in the year 1507). It happened that in the Vosges Mountains in the little town of Saint-Die, there was a college under the patronage of the studious Duke Renaud (Rene) II of Vaudemon, of Lorraine, the titular a€?King of Jerusalem and Sicilya€?, who was there resident. On Plate V (the Caribbean area) of his map, WaldseemA?ller wrote: These islands were discovered by Columbus, an admiral of Genoa, at the command of the King of Spain. For there is a land, discovered by Columbus, a captain of the King of Castile, and by Americus Vespucius, both men of very great ability, which, though in great part lies beneath a€?the path of the year and of the suna€? and between the tropics, nevertheless extends about 19 degrees beyond the Tropic of Capricorn toward the Antarctic Pole, a€?beyond the path of the year and the suna€?. Since Columbus never explored as far south as the equator, the words a€?it proves clearly to be truea€? are clothed with meaning only in the light of Amerigoa€™s voyages into the southern hemisphere, not at all in the light of the a€?firsta€? of the a€?four voyagesa€?, from which the dispute ultimately arose as to which could claim priority upon the shore of the new continent, Columbus or Amerigo Vespucci; for that a€?firsta€? voyage, like all the voyages of Columbus, was entirely north of the equator. In addition to the previously mentioned accuracy and a€?noveltya€™ of the hemispheric insets, and the picturing of the new southern continent, with its surprisingly correct general contour, the inset map presents a portion of the northern continent as well, and the two are correctly joined together by a narrow isthmus. One is tempted to loose sight of this revolutionary advance over the previously dominating world conception of Ptolemy in focusing all the attention to the single feature that has made WaldseemA?llera€™s map so famous, the first appearance thereon of the name America.
This area may represent the coast of China copied from Marco Polo, and placed here in the belief that the new discoveries were in and near Asia. In extending the South American coast to 50 degrees South (high-lighted by the implantation of a Portuguese flag), WaldseemA?ller avoids committing himself as to the possibility of a passage by sea around this new continent by continuing its land to the edge of, and actually into, the map frame (compare this abrupt treatment with his depiction of Africa, where he is willing to go outside of the preset form of his map frame in order to accommodate the full extension of the continent and thus substantiate the Portuguese proof of a passage to the Far East).
As can be seen on the accompanying comparison illustration, except for the southern half of Africa, in both projection and general geographical contours the Old World of WaldseemA?llera€™s 1507 map seems to have been virtually copied from Martellus. Another is, to the south, a part of Africa, which begins about seven degrees this side of Capricornus and stretches in a broad expanse to the south, beyond the torrid zone and the Tropic of Egocerus (Capricornus). At least twice Henricus Glareanus copied WaldseemA?llera€™s world map and insets in manuscript. Two maps in this Supplement show the New World discoveries, Tabula Terre Nove and Orbis Typus Universalis. In his great and very important world map of 1516, WaldseemA?ller showed the landmass abutting upon the western border of the map, as in the two above mentioned maps, but here gives it the name Terra de Cuba Asie Partis. The representation in these of the American continents separated from Asia by a broad ocean in the midst of which lay the island of Japan was a splendid synthesis based upon such known particulars as the narrative of Marco Polo, the voyages of the Portuguese to North America by way of the Atlantic and to India by way of the Cape of Good Hope, the discoveries of South America by Vespucci and Cabral, the Spanish discoveries in the West Indies and the Caribbean, and above all, perhaps, the notable manuscript maps of La Cosa, Cantino, and Caveri. The only known surviving copy was purchased, in 2003, by the Library of Congress for $10 million. Further, other discoveries of America have been credited to the Irish who had sailed to a land they called Iargalon, the land beyond the sunset, and to the Phoenicians who purportedly came here before the Norse.
Specifically, Marcou introduced the name of an Indian tribe and of a district in Nicaragua called Amerrique, and asserted that this district a€” rich in gold a€” had been visited by both Columbus and Vespucci, who then made this name known in Europe.
To define it Carew echoes Marcou, who quotes from his correspondence with Augustus Le Plongeon. He has been wrongfully portrayed as a crafty opportunist ever since the mid-16th century when Bartholomew de Las Casas accused him of being a liar and a thief who stole the glory that belonged to Columbus. Around 1490 he was sent to Spain by his employers, the famous Italian family of Medici, to join their business in fitting out ships. At the beginning of 1505 he was summoned to the court of Spain for a private consultation, and, as a man of experience, was engaged to work for the famous Casa de Contratacion de las Indias (Commercial House for the West Indies), which had been founded two years before in Seville.
The first or traditional series consists of the widely published letters, dated 1504, purportedly written by him.
After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward, reached the coast of Brazil, and certainly sailed as far south as the RA­o de la Plata, which Vespucci was the first European to discover. It was, however, not his many solid accomplishments but an apparent error made by a group of scholars living in St. This map is the first known map, printed or manuscript, to use the name America, and also the first to depict clearly a separate western hemisphere, with the Pacific as a separate ocean.
But, as etymologist Joy Rea has suggested, it could also be read as explanation, in which they indicate that they have heard the New World was called America, and the only explanation lay in Vespucci's name. Their substitution of Americus for the well-known Latinization Albericus might mean that they wanted a Latinization that would fit and explain the name America which they had already heard applied to the New World.
The Indians in the Caribbean did have a word for the mainland, given in the LexicografA­a Antillana (Antillean Dictionary, 1931) as babeque and defined as the name that Columbus understood the Indians to say when they were pointing to a land beyond Haiti and Cuba. It constitutes an incredible Anglicization of the New World a€” and would, for obvious reasons, infuriate Carew. He purportedly gave one of the islands he explored to a friend, another to his barber, and also promised some Italian friars that they could be bishops. However, even if the name America were known in Bristol in 1497, Hudd has taken a majestic leap to suggest Ameryk's name as its origin. That map has been referred to in various circles as America's birth certificate, and for good reasona€”it is the first document on which the name America appears. He was born near Freiburg, Germany, sometime in the 1470s, and died in the canon house at Saint-DieI? in 1522. That map, printed on twelve separate sheets from wood block plates, when assembled would measure more than 4 1a?„2 feet by 8 feet in dimension. However, the group also had acquired a recent French translation of the important work Insuper aquattor Amerigo Vespuccii navigationes, Amerigo Vespucci's letter detailing his purported four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean to America between 1497 and 1504.
Instead, in the 1513 atlas the name America does not appear anyplace in the volume, and the place of America is referred to as Terra Incognita (Unknown land).
This single surviving copy of the map exists because it was kept in a portfolio by Johannes SchoI?ner (1477-1547), a German globe maker, who probably had acquired a copy of the map for his own cartographic work.
Throughout the twentieth century the Library continued to express interest in and a desire to acquire the 1507 map, when, if ever, it was made available for sale. Through the combined efforts of several Library of Congress specialists, and many other members of the Library's staff over an 11 year period, the map has made its way to the Library of Congress. The map serves as a departure point in the development of the American cartographic collection in addition to its revered position in early modern cartographic history.
The mapa€™s well announced acquisition provides us an extraordinary opportunity to appreciate the earliest of early depictions of our modern world. The Library of Congress is proud to have obtained this unique treasure and is anxious to have this great cartographic document receive the public acclaim and the critical scholarly inspection that it so rightly merits. This call for further scholarship on the map, its impact, and the sources used to produce it is not meant to suggest that previous scholarship is lacking.
Both the globe and the large world map were doubtless printed in large numbers and widely distributed. It is this reference that the Prince of Liechtenstein, as noted above, has taken as a reference to the gore map, a copy of which is in his collection. Although a text on WaldseemA?llera€™s later wallmap, the Carta Marina (1516), says that 1,000 copies of the 1507 wall-map were made, it is unlikely that this number were issued, given the survival rate of the one bound copy now in the Library of Congress.a€? The globe map and book had an enormous influence on other geographers, notably Appian, SchA¶ner and Fries, and advanced the science of globe-making and map making particularly in Germany and the Low Countries. The Kraus-Bavarian State Library copy -- in 1960 at Sothebya€™s in London, a set of the gores was offered bound into a Ptolemy atlas of 1486. The Offenburg copy -- following the publicity regarding the acquisition of the copy above by the Bavarian State library in 1992, in 1993 two researchers, Dr.
The present example was discovered in February 2003 when the owner, on reading an article in the Frankfurter Algemeinen Zeitung on the Munich copy, realized he owned a similar map amongst his large collection of books and ephemera. To present the various strands of information relating to the genesis, execution and influences of the WaldseemA?ller gores, the following timeline brings together the principal events in the lives of WaldseemA?ller, Ringmann, Vespucci and their circles.
DeRozan and Valanciunas connected and Carroll made a pair at the line before Miami's first basket of overtime, a driving dunk by Deng with 23 seconds left.
Lowry had as many points in the first quarter (seven) as he had in Toronto's OT loss in Game 1. Instead, the Pacers will search for a coach who can do what Vogel could not: win an NBA title. He believes the small-ball lineup that Indiana started with this past season would have worked over time, even though he understood why Vogel reverted to a more traditional NBA lineup. Louis Blues 3-2 on Thursday night, bouncing back from a blowout loss two days earlier to tie the second-round series at two games apiece.
We liked going to different countries and adapting to different circumstances, different temperatures. That's more important for me as a manager, but then, when you perform in the right moments, like we did tonight or against Dortmund or against United or Augsburg, you want to have (it) all. I think now I want the players to enjoy this moment and not be concerned about the contracts," he was quoted as saying by several British newspapers.
Smith made seven 3s as the Cavs, looking like an Eastern Conference version of Golden State's Splash Brothers, had the most prolific outside shooting game of any team in league history.
But that was not even enough to satisfy the ravenous sellout crowd which was still chanting "Let's Go Cavs!" with Cleveland leading by 40 points. Smith and center Tristan Thompson, celebrate another three-pointer against the Atlanta Hawks during the fourth quarter of Wednesday's Game 2 of the Eastern Conference semifinal at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland. Smith and center Tristan Thompson, celebrate another threepointer against the Atlanta Hawks during the fourth quarter of Wednesday's Game 2 of the Eastern Conference semifinal at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland. But the Penguins can advance to the conference final with a victory in Game 5 in Washington on Saturday after sending the Capitals to their third straight loss.
Rookies Max Domi and Anthony Duclair had strong rookie seasons in 2015-16 and the Coyotes have quality players in their minor-league system who should be able to contribute soon. Among other things, he revealed his second daughter (Sierra) was named after a rehab center in Arizona where he spent three months. Still in play are big numbers (Daly has 68 rounds of 80 or higher on the PGA Tour) and early exits (he has withdrawn 38 times). Most people have a relative like Daly, just not one who can launch tee shots more than 300 yards and win two majors before turning 30.
Years later, Daly was asked if he agreed to take that six-month break to avoid being suspended. He made an 18 on the sixth hole at Bay Hill (and followed that with a birdie 2 on the next hole). He also referenced the US presidential election campaign rhetoric of likely Republican nominee Donald Trump, who has vowed to bar Muslims from entering the United States while promising to build a wall on the US-Mexico border.
This could be the last fight for me and Canelo in Las Vegas if Donald Trump becomes president," said Khan, a Muslim. It is difficult the first few years, but once you get past that mark then it gets a bit easier.
It was a cross with a deflection that put the ball in the top corner and that goal gave them more time to play," Pellegrini told a news conference.
Compare that to the 18-under Spieth posted while winning at Augusta in 2015 or even the 5-under he put up at Chambers Bay. So that's still a pretty good percentage, if you're in contention six times, you win two of them, a third of the time. Most golfers have cited scheduling conflicts or family commitments as reasons for withdrawing, but the threat of the Zika virus in Brazil has also loomed for months. 554 to No 431 after the '96 British Open, and he began a swift climb when he turned pro a month later.
Taylor was No 447 in the world when he won at Pebble Beach, while Stuard was No 513 when he won at New Orleans. He has played in the Walker Cup three straight times and won the inaugural US Amateur Four-Ball at Olympic Club with Todd White. Furyk withdrew on Sept 17 during the first round of the BMW Championship and tried to let his wrist heal with rest before opting for surgery.
By the time he turned pro at age 20, he had won five state Golden Gloves titles and two national Police Athletic League championships. The champ retained his title via a unanimous 15-round decision - and Knight never fought again.
At age 25 he hung up his gloves and eventually became a correctional officer at a Pennsylvania prison - but the lure of the ring never left him. Instead of barking instructions from the safe side of the ropes, he hovers on the periphery of the punching and isn't shy about stepping in to impart instant advice. And though it's only been a few weeks, his Chinese charges are already proving to be attentive pupils. Bayern won 2-1, still exiting the European competition against a Spanish opponent for the third straight year. Xabi Alonso and Robert Lewandowski netted for Bayern on a night when both teams missed penalties.
Perhaps we have helped the players, maybe it's not enough, but it was the important thing for me.
When Bayern missed their penalty, we had a good chat at halftime and we coped with the pressure they put on us in the second half. I have to say how difficult it is to cope with this situation at Bayern, playing away from home. One of the first priorities of the work was a complete examination of all previous exploration and excavation in the precinct, particularly that of Margaret Benson carried out in 1895-7.
In Legion, wea€™re going to explore that dichotomy in greater depth than ever through the gameplay for each specialization. And while most stay behind the frontlines to aid their comrades, these holy champions are also capable of smiting foes and carrying out sacred justice. Shadow priests fully embrace this opposing polarity, their faith equally resolute as their holy counterpartsa€”but focused on shadowy magics and mental manipulation.
Reaching maximum Insanity will transform Shadowform into Voidform, giving the Shadow Priest access to stronger Void magic, but it is unable to be maintained indefinitely.
While these priests possess many holy virtues to aid their allies, they also dabble in the dark arts to debilitate their enemiesa€”always exercising immense discipline to keep themselves away from the brink of insanity. To alleviate that issue, wea€™re tempering Disciplinea€™s emphasis on shields in lieu of a reimaged Atonement mechanic. Still filling a healer role in group content, they aim to strike a balance between healing allies and damaging enemies in a unique gameplay style. To keep the spirit alive, we have this department for occasional items of Irregular controversy.
15), plus the signatures in surviving copies of 221B: Studies in Sherlock Holmes, edited by Vincent Starrett, that were distributed to the attendees that evening as the first collection of BSI Writings about the Writings.
CBS News broadcast, according to Basil Davenport in a letter to his mother several days later thata€™s in his papers at Yalea€™s Beinecke Library. Warren) Force and Warren Jones, are presumably in the photograph since their signatures are in surviving copies of 221B from that night, but they cannot be even tentatively identified at this time. 20 against the wall behind Steele and Morley has sometimes been taken to be a Murray Hill Hotel waiter. I know of no explicit statement by him about reading the stories at that time in that magazine, but ita€™s hard to doubt it when we read, in his very first letter to Vincent Starrett, dated October 15, 1936 (found in its entirety on pp.
Conan Doyle before he was by Sherlock Holmes; and being born in 1886, he had reached a somewhat less impressionable age than had Morley, Davis, Smith, and McLauchlin in 1903. Hill Barton,a€? BSI) at the 2010 Sherlock Holmes Collections weekend at the University of Minnesotaa€™s Andersen Library. Your humble Irregular historian endeavored to demonstrate that this is a myth a€” myth of long standing, but myth nonetheless. 2 (July 1912), 111-32, and was included in Edgar Smitha€™s 1958 The Incunabular Sherlock Holmes and James Edward Holroyda€™s 1967 Seventeen Steps to 221B.
The lecture was a mock-serious inquiry into inconsistencies in the Sherlock Holmes stories, and a satire on Biblical Higher Criticism.
Ronald Arbuthnott Knox was an English theologian, priest and crime writer born February 17, 188, 122 years ago. The Waugh biography was controversial by implying that Cardinal Bourne, Archbishop of Westminster, did not use Knoxa€™s talents wisely.
The rule of the game is that it must be played as solemnly as a county cricket match at Lorda€™s: the slightest touch of extravagance or burlesque ruins the atmosphere. What you think you remember is what others have told you a€” and odds are, they werena€™t around then either. Sveum in mentioning where it appeared over the decades glossed over the fact that it didna€™t appear anywhere Holmes devotees could read it until 1928 in England and 1930 in America, when it was included in Knoxa€™s Essays in Satire.
But when I started researching the BSIa€™s history, reading dozens of essays and hundreds of letters by our founding fathers, slowly it dawned upon me that they werena€™t talking about Ronald Knox.
The evangelistic Morley had all the makings of a cult leader from the start, without Knox to inspire him. On the sole occasion he referred to it as having been given at Oxford while he was there, in 1944 in Sherlock Holmes and Dr.
Leavitta€™s indispensable a€?Origin of 221B Worship,a€? a first-hand account of our origins, tells how competitive examination in the Canon at those lunches in the late a€™20s and early a€™30s gave birth to the BSI. Another that October was Vincent Starretta€™s Private Life of Sherlock Holmes a€” a rapturous tribute barely mentioning Knox. Roberts in A Note on the Watson Problem, and the foundation for what was to follow may be said by that action to have been laid.a€? The importance of that observation by a student, contributor, and editor of Holmesian scholarship like Edgar W.
It not only entranced, it showed what could be done, prompting further effort by others a€” not least Christopher Morley. Only much later was Knox grafted onto our movement retroactively, assigned a place he had not occupied in the 1920s and a€™30s. As I said in my opening statement, I was raised in the Knox faith myself; it was only considerably later that I realized how little there is to it.
But a kind Irregular forwarded it to me, and in it I saw quoted the same two authorities on behalf of the Knox myth.
Knoxa€™s paper did not set the tone for all subsequent students of the Canon, certainly not for Starrett himself whose 1933 Private Life of Sherlock Holmes did not echo the Knox tone in the slightest, which is why we still read it when we dona€™t bother to read Knox.
However, he faces one basic problem in trying to prove that the Knox essay was the basis for Sherlockian scholarship.
It opens thus:a€?a€? a€?All the Knoxes loved jokes and spoofs, as Penelope Fitzgerald shows in her wonderful joint biography of them, The Knox Brothers, just republished.
The piece in question is not, actually, a trial version of the classic biography; it is, rather, a gentle but well-merited attack on the atrocious Holmesian scholarship of that other a€?incunable,a€™ Monsignor (then Father) Knox. Smith did not bother to reprint Knoxa€™s paper, then or later, nor has any other editor since. But ita€™s an enthusiastic evaluation of Knoxa€™s essay and certainly more than a call for attention to any student of the Corpus Watsonicum. This volume contained twelve sheets, each 21 x 30 inches, which when laid together disclosed a large map of the world 4 feet 6 inches by 8 feet, which was designated by one of its own inscriptions a carta marina, dated on its own face 1516, and bore the name of Martin WaldseemA?ller as author.
Henry Harrisse had made this conjecture in his Discovery of North America, which he published when the world was celebrating the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. As farmers usually mark off and divide their farms by boundary lines, so it has been our endeavor to mark the chief countries of the world by the emblems of their rulers. While certainly not the only large world map produced during this dynamic era of exploration, the Universalis Cosmographia was one of the first large engraved and printed maps to depict the recent Spanish and Portuguese discoveries of the Mundus Novus. Much of what Vespucci claimed to have seen on this and other voyages was later called into question by both his contemporaries and, later, by historians. He wrote a letter describing his third voyage that was circulated throughout Europe as a tract called Mundus Novus [The New World], and later was included by WaldseemA?ller in his Cosmographia Introductio (the Solderini letter, see illustration below). To avoid confusion hereafter the main portion of the map will be referred to as the a€?world mapa€?, designating the two small representations of the eastern and western hemispheres, placed above the world map, as the a€?insetsa€?.
The term used by some of the map-makers, Land of Brasil, was confusing, for Brasil was the name of an imaginary island located somewhere in the Atlantic, according to popular belief, when there had been no thought of a continent. Walter Lud, Secretary to the Duke, and a wealthy man, had established a printing press at St. And at the mouth of the Orinoco River is the following: All this is sweet water, a statement based upon the well-known story of Columbusa€™ discovery of the fresh water of the Orinoco River (there is the same reference found on the Bartholomew Columbus map (#304) which has Mar de aqua dolce along the northeastern shores of South America).
In other words, on his 1507 map, WaldseemA?ller unmistakably showed that in his own mind he ascribed proof of the existence of the new continent to the Portuguese voyage of Amerigo (the a€?thirda€? of the a€?four voyagesa€?), and that Columbus never detoured from his conviction that he had actually reached the shores of Asia (accepting the longitudinally shortened world of Ptolemy, et al), and that it was the acceptance of Amerigoa€™s proof of its existence more so than Amerigoa€™s supposed priority which caused him to name the new continent America. However, as can be seen above on Plate I of the world map, the two continents are inexplicably separated by a hypothetical strait, connecting the two great oceans.
Contarini (#308) and Ruysch (#313) distinctly record their belief on their maps that the contemporary explorers had reached China, as does the Columbus map and the letter of Columbus explanatory of his fourth voyage record the same view (#303, #304). Curiously enough, though, while accepting the Portuguese delineation of the New World and South Africa, WaldseemA?ller reverts to the Ptolemaic conception of North Africa and Asia as refined and expressed by Martellus, rejecting the more accurate rendering of contemporaries such as Caveri. A third instance, in the east, is the land of Cathay, and all of southern India beyond 180 degrees of longitude.
The transmission of the Cantino-Caveri concept through the members of this notable group created one of the mainstreams of interest in the history of cartography. Thus this ingenious geographer not only preserved the geographical concepts of WaldseemA?ller, but also carried the representation of hemispheres a step further by the experimental construction in 1510 of the first known maps of the northern and southern hemispheres on a circumpolar projection.
The world picture in the maps and globe of 1507 - the representation, that is, of an American landmass widely separated from the Asian coast with Japan lying between the two - had become the accepted canon in geographic theory and cartographic expression.
The new picture compiled from these varied elements and presented to the literate world in printed form became a factor of the highest importance in developing a new concept of the earth and its divisions, rendering obsolete the Ptolemaic geography that had been accepted and revered since the second century of the Christian era. In 2005, this treasured map was inscribed in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, and is the first document in the United States to be so honored. By the time we are adults it lingers vaguely in most of us, along with images of wave-tossed caravels and forests peopled with naked cannibals.
They were of course preceded by the pre-historic Asian forebears of Native Americans, who migrated across some ice-bridge in the Bering Straits or over the stepping stones of the Aleutian Islands. The 1497 voyage by John Cabot to the Labrador coast of Newfoundland constitutes yet another discovery of the American mainland, which led to an early 20th-century account of the naming of America, recently revived, that claims the New World was named after an Englishman (Welshman, actually) called Richard Amerike. To rob people or countries of their names is to set in motion a psychic disturbance which can in turn create a permanent crisis of identity. Vespucci was probably in Seville in 1492 when Columbus was preparing for his first historic voyage, as well as in 1493 when Columbus returned. In 1508 the house appointed him piloto mayor (pilot major, or chief navigator), a post of great responsibility, which included the examination of the pilots' and ships' masters' licenses for voyages. Pohl's biography, Amerigo Vespucci, Pilot Major (1944), and GermA?n Arciniegas's Amerigo and the New World (1955; tr.
Addressed to his patron, Lorenzo de' Medici, the Mundus Novus (New World) a€” the title alone revolutionizing the European conception of the cosmos a€” was translated from the Italian into Latin, and originally printed in Vienna; the other letter, addressed to the gonfaloniere (chief magistrate) of Florence, Piero Soderini, was a more elaborate work. Since Vespucci took part as navigator, he certainly cannot have been inexperienced; however, it seems unlikely that he had made a previous voyage, though this matter remains unresolved. In all likelihood the ships took a quick run still farther south, along the coast of Patagonia to the Golfo de San JuliA n or beyond. The entire New World portion of the map roughly represents South America, and when later mapmakers added North America, they retained the original name; in 1538, the great geographer Gerard Mercator gave the name America to all of the western hemisphere on his mappamundi.
In ignoring the possible intention of these words as explanation, most scholars have ignored the simple fact that place names usually originate informally in the spoken word and first circulate that way, not in the printed word. Why did they ignore the common law in the naming of new lands: the use of the last names of explorers and the first names of royalty?
It is almost certain that Columbus first heard the name of the mountains pronounced by a Carib.
Las Casas believed for a while that this must be Jamaica, but later decided it was the name for the mainland. No proof exists to substantiate his claim that Cabot actually honored the Welshman by naming America after him.
It is also the first map to depict a separate and full Western Hemisphere and the first map to represent the Pacific Ocean as a separate body of water. The large map is an early sixteenth-century masterpiece, containing a full map of the world, two inset maps showing separately the Western and Eastern Hemispheres, illustrations of Ptolemy and Vespucci, images of the various winds, and extensive explanatory notes about selected regions of the world.
In that work, Vespucci concluded that the lands reached by Columbus in 1492, and explored by Columbus and others over the ensuing two decades, was indeed a segment of the world, a new continent, unknown to Europe. In the1516 Carta Marina, South America is called Terra Nova (New World), and North America is named Cuba, and is shown to be part of Asia. That portfolio contained not only the unique copy of the 1507 world map, but also a unique copy of WaldseemuI?ller's 1516 large wall map (the Carta Marina) and copies of SchoI?ner's terrestrial (1515) and celestial (1517) globe gores. In 1999, Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg notified the Library that the German national government and the Baden-WuI?rttemberg state government had granted permission for a limited export license. The map provides a meaningful link between our treasured late medieval-early Renaissance cartographic collection (which includes one of the richest holdings of Ptolemy atlases in the world) and the modem cartographic age unfolding as a result of the explorations of Columbus and other discoverers in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Major segments of this world map have not received the concentrated scrutiny that the American segments have received. WaldseemA?ller states in a legend on his marine chart of 1516 (#328.1) that he had printed his map of 1507 in one thousand copies, but only one of which is now known to exist.
WaldseemA?ller and Ringmann started work on a new edition of Ptolemy's Geographia that was to combine Ptolemaic maps with a new set of modern maps. By 1890, it had been acquired by the Prince of Liechtenstein and studies by Gallois dated it to 1507 following the realization that it was the lost globe described in the St. References to accurate factual information are principally taken from 19th century sources, much of the 20th century work on the subject being a reiteration of earlier work by Humboldt, Da€™Avezac-Macaya, Fischer, Varnhagen and Harisse. DeRozan, who injured his right thumb late in Game 1, missed six of eight free throw attempts. And although the Pacers met one of Bird's preseason goals, scoring about five points more per game this season than last, their offensive efficiency rating remained essentially flat, going from 24th to 23rd. If the team wins, they're heroes and if they lose they're to be hung out to dry," said Raiola.
Theya€™re also morally opposed to the use of Shadow and Void magica€”rather, they are exemplars of the incredible grace and power of the divine and the Light, and even death cannot fully stop their healing capabilities. New Holy Word spells are designed to feel absolutely miraculous, having huge effects balanced with long base cooldowns. Like all priests, they dedicate much of their lives to worshipa€”but they derive their power from the Void, straying dangerously close to the domain of the Old Gods.
This should make for interesting gameplay as Shadow Priests try to maintain the height of their Insanity as long as possible to prey on the minds of their enemies. Many would say the ends justify the means; scriptures both virtuous and vile should be studied and understood to protect the congregation. But since hea€™s the only person in the photograph young enough to have been Peter Williams, who from the 1920 U.S. But I shall investigate and report, and would be happy for any other examples readers of this may send me.
Ronald Knox in his 1918 autobiography A Spiritual Aeneid writes that part of a dona€™s function is to read papers to undergraduate societies.
Certainly you know a great deal more about it than I do,a€? and he continued for four pages to discuss the criticism in detail.
The sixth and last child of an Anglican Bishop, he attended Eton College and took a first in Classics at Balliol College, Oxford, in 1905.
He wrote the introduction to The Best Detective Stories 1928-1929, and in it he codified the rules of the gamea€”and Golden Age mysteries were considered games, different than our game. They were brilliant, came from middle-class families, were educated at Oxford, were temporary schoolmasters, wrote satire, and enjoyed the company of the British Catholic aristocracy. XIV, Detective Stories, the rules that he first wrote in 1924 were reprinted with commentary.
Watson: The Chronology of Their Adventures and Thomas Blakeneya€™s Sherlock Holmes: Fact or Fiction?
And after that, only a few times at infrequent intervals, the last 26 years ago, and never in the Baker Street Journal or Sherlock Holmes Journal. Knoxa€™s paper, in fact, is only the seventh in the anthologya€™s chronologically ordered contents. And the decisive factor was another development of which Starrett and Morley were keenly aware, and led to Englanda€™s society as well: a 1931 monograph riveting Holmes devotees as Knoxa€™s paper had not.
Bella€™s anthology Baker Street Studies, said: a€?It is true that as far back as 1912 a young priest named Ronald Knox had contributed an article to the Oxford Blue Book in which a tongue-in-cheek probing of some esoterica in the Saga was tentatively undertakena€? a€” words lending little support to the idea that Knox was our scholarshipa€™s fountainhead.
It was in Morleya€™s hands quickly, and he praised it lavishly in the Saturday Review of March 7, 1931. But in 1966 he was writing about events nearly forty years earlier; he was now seventy-nine years old and in the last year of his life. In the early 1930s, Starrett paid very little attention to Knox, as wea€™ve seen a€” but great attention to S. As boys, for example, they wrote a letter to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, denouncing inconsistencies in the Sherlock Holmes stories and including five dried orange pips, in allusion to the threatening letter in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Robertsa€™ Note on the Watson Problem as a a€?gentle but well-merited attack on the atrocious Holmesian scholarship of that other a€?incunablea€™, Monsignor (then Father) Knox.a€? BSJ (OS), vol. Roberts as the two a€?incunablesa€? (whatever that meant,) of your modern Baker Street studies, but I dona€™t think you knew that Mr. Perhaps Steve Rothman, reading this, will rush to do so in the so-called Year of Ronald Knox coming in 2011, in hopes Ia€™ll stop pointing out this embarrassing fact.
Perhaps one clue is found in the remark a€?I have a sad feeling that many of your members only read their own stuffa€? -- for by that time Morley was very tired of the BSI, in fact declaring that there would be no more BSI dinners (a draconian position from which Edgar Smith dislodged him only with great difficulty).
Never before, to my knowledge, had Morley mentioned Knox anywhere, let alone describe his 1911 paper. There were twelve other sheets of the same size in the book, making another world map but containing no authora€™s name or date. And (to begin with our own continent) in the middle of Europe we have placed the eagles of the Roman Empire (which rule the Kings of Europe) and with the key (which is the symbol of the Holy Father), we have enclosed almost the whole of Europe, which acknowledges the Roman Church.
In that letter, Vespucci proposed that the new lands ought to be called a a€?New World, because none of those countries were known to our ancestors . In the western hemisphere inset the two Americas are shown as a continuous landmass firmly joined together by an isthmus, unlike the representation in the world map where the two continents are inexplicably separated by a strait. Die that he prepared the treatise Cosmographia Introductio, which presented this description of itself: An Introduction to Cosmography, together with some principles of Geometry necessary to the purpose. Both the inset and the world map illustrate another important feature, the representation of a great ocean even broader than the Atlantic, between the New World and Asia. However, this view is not supported on the WaldseemA?ller map either by the place-names found in the area of the new discoveries, or by the overall visual image presented by the placement of the new discoveries as totally separated by some distance from Asia. One difference being that the WaldseemA?ller map is basically a a€?land mapa€™ and the interiors are somewhat filled-in, whereas the Caveri chart is basically a portolano, or nautical chart, with little or no interior detail. This Ptolemaic basis results in giving the map an extremely exaggerated representation of the eastern extension of Asia; in fact, the landmass of the Old World, alone, extends through some 230 degrees of longitude. All these we have added to the earlier known places, so that those who are fond of things of this sort may gaze upon all that is known to us of the present day, and may approve of out painstaking labors. In 1512 appeared, far away in Cracow, Poland, in the Introductio in Ptholomei Cosmographia of Johannes de Stobnicza, the inset hemispheres of the 1507 map, copied and reprinted by the Polish scholar without reference to their source (#319). From it evolved, indeed, today's concept of the geographical divisions of the continents and islands, and of the great waters that form our earth.
A black African discovery of America, it has been argued, took place around 3,000 years ago, and influenced the development of Mayan, Aztec, and Inca civilizations. The naming of America, then, becomes essential to a full understanding of our history and cultural values a€” ourselves a€” especially when considered in terms of the range of theories about the origin of the name. Subsequently, according to Marcou's account, Vespucci changed his Christian name from Alberico to Amerigo.


Amalrich, which literally meant work ruler, or designator of tasks, might be freely translated as master workman. Moreover, as a reflection of national pride, a theory native to Hungary argues that the European explorers of the New World (or their priests) named it after this popular saint, in the old tradition of bestowing place names in honor of saints. He also had to prepare the official map of newly discovered lands and of the routes to them (for the royal survey), interpreting and coordinating all data that the captains were obliged to furnish.
Harriet de OnA­s) are among the best efforts that dispel the shadows to which he was relegated by those who maligned his fame. In the voyage of 1499a€“1500, Vespucci would seem to have left Hojeda after reaching the coast of what is now Guyana (Carew's homeland).
His published letters had fallen into the hands of these German scholars, among whom was the young cartographer Martin WaldseemA?ller.
WaldseemA?ller's 1507 map, lost to scholars until 1901 when it was found in a German castle, is now reckoned to be the first to show the name, and the earliest record of its use. Moreover, to read the passage in the Cosmographiae Introductio as explanation lends credence to the theory, argued by Carew, Marcou, and others, that the early European explorers called the new continent Amerrique or, perhaps, another name with a similar pronunciation. Their ignoring it, Rea claims, further supports the idea that they were trying to force an explanation and that the only one they could think of was a Latinization of Vespucci's first name.
Columbus, who met the Indians of this coast, presumably heard the name Amerrique from them: he was looking for gold and the Indians gave him some, telling him he could get more to the west in the mountains there.
Amerrique, therefore, must derive from a Carib word, possibly one of the Carib culture words a€” not a word in the Mayan language, which was not spoken in Nicaragua, though it almost resembles in sound the Quiche Mayan iq' amaq'el meaning perpetual wind. The purchase of the map concluded a nearly century long effort to secure for the Library of Congress that very special cartographic document revealing new European thinking about the world nearly 500 years ago.
Waldseemullera€™s 1507 map was a bold statement that rationalized the modern world in light of the exciting news arriving in Europe as a result of explorations sponsored by Spain, Portugal, and othersa€”not only across the Atlantic Ocean, but around the African coast and into the Indian Ocean. Because of Vespucci's recognition of that startling revelation, he was thus honored by the use of his name for the newly discovered continent. Sometime later in history, the family of Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg acquired and retained Schoner's portfolio in their castle in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, where it remained unknown to scholars until the beginning of the twentieth century when its extraordinary contents were revealed.
Having obtained this license, which allowed this German national treasure to come to the Library of Congress, the Prince pursued an agreement to sell the 1507 map to the Library. Although it is likely that the simple globe gores, their model or a€?marquettea€™ of the New World view, would have been available with each issue of the Cosmographiae, the large 12 sheet wall-map, would have been too expensive to be sold as widely.
They were provided with at least six printed editions and certainly several manuscript versions of the Geographia. The notoriety and mystery that has surrounded both the globe, map and large wall-map has often concentrated on the naming of America, but in truth, given that they named South America after Vespucci, who had sailed furthest around it, it is not unreasonable. Vera Sack found a third example of the gores inserted into a copy of Aristotle published in Freiburg in 1541. That seemingly endless sequence on 12 where he hit the ball into Rae's Creek not once but twice on his way to a quadruple bogey 7 that cost him control of the tournament. Jack Nicklaus didn't play when technology measured swing speed, ball speed, smash factor or launch angle.
A thirty year old semi-invalid of a distinguished English family, she had the rare good luck to ask for the concession to a site that seemed unimportant and a site that no one else wanted. The new passive effect of Serendipity allows those long base cooldowns to be reduced, letting you use them more frequently. Smitha€™s minutes list 35 attendees, and 35 are in the photograph, but Morley told Vincent Starrett that 36 had attended. Census was 27 or 28 years old in January 1940, it may be him; if so, since he came in black tie his father likely did too, making no.
Steve Doyle will soon publish the entire letter in a book by Notre Dame Professor Michael Crowe titled Ronald Knox and Sherlock Holmes: The Origin of Sherlockian Studies. By 1910 he was a Fellow at Trinity College, ordained an Anglican priest in 1912, and became a Roman Catholic in 1917. Knox helped Waugh by proofreading Brideshead Revisited and asked him to be his literary executor in 1950. Smith remarked in 1958 that Knoxa€™s death was a€?mourned by all who look to him as the originator of the Sherlockian critique.a€? So the notion that Knox was the genesis was afoot fifty years ago a€” though Smith, we shall see, felt otherwise. Elmer Davis, reviewing Starretta€™s Private Life in December 1933, discussed Roberts almost more than he did Starretta€™s book, without once mentioning Knox. Messages from absent friends were read that night, from Blakeney, Starrett, Morley, and Desmond MacCarthy, but not from Knox. Smith in Baker Street Inventory has a€?Studies in the Literaturea€? as a€?The first essay in the order of higher criticism.a€? It was not Knoxa€™s intention to start a game or a cult.
By the time Smith wrote his introduction for The Incunabular Sherlock Holmes in 1958, he had done his homework too, and learned differently. Later, Ronald Knox expanded the joke into an essay called a€?Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmes,a€™ a parody of Biblical scholarship in which he pretended to detect, from careful study of the text, that some of the stories must be fictitious inventions by a drunken Watson. I thought it would be interesting to quote here this Knox-Roberts Sherlockian Connection so dear to Morley.
The greater part of Africa and a part of Asia we have distinguished by crescents, which are the emblems of the Sultan of Babylonia, the Lord of all Egypt, and of a part of Asia.
To the east of the continent in the inset is the Atlantic, to the west is another great sea with the island Zipangri [Japan, Marco Poloa€™s Zipangu] nearly in the middle of it but closer to the American continent than to the Asian.
Mundus Novus [New World] and Terra Incognita [Unknown Land] were less real names than descriptions, though for many years these last two terms were quite prevalent on maps showing new discoveries.
The duke and several professors in the college used this press in their geographical project. The decision to display a large expanse of ocean west of the New World discoveries was, of course, pure conjecture on the part of WaldseemA?ller since, in 1507, the discoveries of Balboa and Magellan were still a few years off in the future. On the other hand, navigators unknown to modern historians, may have sailed along the coast of Florida at this time. This lack of any substantive modification, of the Far East especially, is understandable in light of the scarcity of verifiable reports from this region and the focus of popular attention on both Africa and the New World. This one request we have to make, that those who are inexperienced and unacquainted with cosmography shall not condemn all this before they have learned that it will surely be clearer to them later on, when they have come to understand it. To question the origin of America's name is to question the nature of not only our history lessons but our very identity as Americans.
The records of Scandinavian expeditions to America are found in sagas a€” their historic cores encrusted with additions made by every storyteller who had ever repeated them. The two men eventually became friends; Columbus later wrote that he trusted Vespucci and held him in high esteem. Vespucci, who obtained Spanish citizenship, held this position until his death in Seville in 1512. Nonetheless, both biographers disagree about the authenticity of his two published letters, key documents in a dramatic controversy: Arciniegas accepts them as genuine, whereas Pohl rejects them as forgeries.
In the first series of documents, four voyages by Vespucci are described; in the second, only two. Turning south, he is believed to have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and explored the coast of present-day Brazil.
This voyage is of fundamental importance in the history of geography in that Vespucci himself became convinced that the lands he had explored were not part of Asia but a New World.
Inspired to publish a new geography that would embrace the New World, the group collectively authored a revision of Ptolemy, which included a Latin translation of Vespucci's purported letter to Soderini, as well as a new map of the world drawn by WaldseemA?ller. Hudd opens with a reference to Bristol's 1897 celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of North America by John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto), the Italian navigator and explorer who had sailed for England, laying the groundwork for the later British claim to Canada. The map must have created quite a stir in Europe, since its findings departed considerably from the accepted knowledge of the world at that time, which was based on the second century A.D. It is remarkable that our entire Western Hemisphere was thus named for a living person; Vespucci died in 1512. Yet, cartographic contributions by Johannes Schoner in 1515 and by Peter Apian in 1520 adopted the name America for the Western Hemisphere, and that name became part of accepted usage. The uncovering of the 1507 map in the Wolfegg Castle early last century is thought by many to have been one of the most extraordinary episodes in the history of cartographic scholarship.
In late June 2001, Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg and the Library of Congress reached a final agreement on the sale of the map at the price of $10,000,000. Waldseemuller recognized the transition taking place, as the title of his map notes and his placement prominently of images of Ptolemy and Vespucci, next to their worlds, at the top portion of the 1507 world map denotes.
In 1949, the Liechtenstein map collection was bought en bloc by the famous New York dealer H.P. The Aristotle formed part of the Grimmelshausen-Gymnasium library given to the Stadtbucherei Offenburg. In addition to passing Tim Duncan for fifth place on the career playoff scoring list, James played in his 184th postseason game, tying him with Robert Parish for 13th place in history. The Golden Bear said he was 58 when he was out at a test center in California that measured his swing speed at 118 mph. Colin Montgomerie says he will enter Local Final Qualifying for the British Open at Royal Troon, where his father was the longtime secretary. Gerina Piller went from a two-shot lead to a three-way tie for second in Texas last week, which cost her Olympic ranking points. It was assumed that even an woman amateur with no experience could do little harm at the nearly destroyed Temple of Mut, in a remote location south of the Amun precinct at Karnak. Finally, in keeping with the resolute beliefs of the Holy Priest, they can make no use of Shadow spells. This is the state in which these dark priests thrive, embracing insanity and feeding off of the minds of their opponents to reach terrifying new limits. At least two in the photograph are not in Smitha€™s minutesa€™ list, but in surviving copies of 221B: Studies in Sherlock Holmes signed that night by dinner attendees, William C.
Paul for theological societies and one on Sherlock Holmes for secular societies, but found the Sherlock Holmes paper would do for both since it was interpreted as a religious tract. Enthusiasm: A Chapter in the History of Religion (1950) by Ronald Knox was dedicated to Evelyn Waugh.
Barton, the senior censor, confirming the a€?Hierarchya€™s displeasurea€? because it violated the unwritten law that bishops are not criticized in any public way.
The Detection Club also put out three serial novels, with each member writing a chapter full of clues and passing it on; Ronald Knox contributed to all three. Who stood out instead as source and strawman for canonical scholarship was Cambridgea€™s S. Morley, for his 1933 collection of essays Internal Revenue, added to In Memoriama€™s 1930 text a lengthy discussion of Robertsa€™ Doctor Watson; Knox went unmentioned once again.
Attendees discussed the impetus behind their new club: of mention of Knox there was none, nor in connection with the BSI whose recent founding was discussed.
But his methodology is what endures.A Those that followed who played the game so well must admit that Knox was the unintended founder.
Finally, one comes away from the Knox paper not really learning new or insightful about Holmes.
Conan Doyle was delighted by the spoof and wrote to Ronald Knox to thank him.a€?a€? a€?Nowadays wea€™re rather more sensitive. Robertsa€™ own trial version of the same, his A Note on the Watson Problem1 of which only 100 copies were printed at the University Press, Camb., in 1929.
The part of Asia called Asia Minor we have surrounded with a saffron-colored cross joined to a branding iron, which is the symbol of the Sultans of the Turks, who rules Scythia this side of the Imaus, the highest mountains of Asia and Sarmatian Scythia. Westward from that island is to be recognized the eastern coast of Asia, showing Catay, or Cathay, and other identifiable names. But now the fact that there was a new continent beyond the western ocean had become nearly common knowledge throughout Europe, and there was everywhere a subconscious demand for an adequate name, a universally acceptable name. In all its forms the underlying meaning was that of work; as for example, the word for work in Hebrew is amal, and in old Norse aml, the consonant sounds of which were retained in the verb moil. In this respect, WaldseemA?ller may have been led by the maps of La Cosa, Caveri, and Cantino to believe that this was at least a possibility, for he depicts a small portion of the northern mainland extending from the narrow strait in Central America to just north of Terra Ulteria€? Incognita [Florida]. Not many interior details are shown to speak of, but a large group of natives is shown at the Cape, and above them, a large vignette of an elephant. As can be seen, Terra Incognita replaces America and it is placed up against a frame that avoids any speculation as to the size or shape of the new continent(s). It appeared in feminine forms in Amelia and Emily; its masculine forms were Amery, Emeric, and Emery. In the face of the spurious charges that he was an ignorant usurper of the merits of others, the fact that Spain entrusted him, a foreigner, with the office of pilot major certainly bolsters his defense. Until the 1930s the documents of the first series were considered from the point of view of the order of the four voyages. On the way back, he reached Trinidad, sighting en route the mouth of the Orinoco River, and then made for Haiti.
Unlike Columbus, who, to his death, clung to the idea that he had found the shores of Asia, Vespucci defined what had indeed been found a€” and for this he has been rightfully honored.
He clearly never tried to have the New World named after him or to belittle his friend Columbus. Very different spellings for the same Carib word reflect variants that sound little like each other; thus, the variants of the name Carib are Canibe, Galibi, Caniba, Canibal and Caliban.
For his achievement Cabot received a handsome pension conferred upon him by the King, from the hands of the Collectors of Customs of the Port of Bristol.
In 1479, four Bristol merchants received a royal charter to find another source of fish and trade. The map sheets have been maintained separated (not joined, with each of the large maps comprised of twelve separate sheets) and that is the probable reason why they survived. In late May 2003, the Library completed a successful campaign to purchase Waldseemullera€™s 1507 world map, after receiving substantial Congressional and private support to achieve the terms of the contract.
37 (1985), 30-53, is an extensive airing of the date of the printing of the 1507 world map and other Waldseemuller contributions. But how you shall understand the globe and the description of the whole world you will hereafter find out and read.a€? Harrisse thinks it probable that a real globe accompanied and was sold with this little volume. Ringmann, a supporter of Vespucci, had already published in 1505 an edition of Vespuccia€™s Mundus Novus, a vivid description of the New World which became a bestseller around Europe.
The mystery of the globe map, its definition of Florida (before it was discovered by the Spanish), the Pacific (before any man had officially seen it), the coast of South America (before anyone had officially sailed along it) and the use of the name The Western Ocean in the Pacific, all suggest that the Portuguese may have been more active west of the Tordesillas Treaty Line before 1505.
Kraus, however the globe map was retained and offered by the Prince at a special auction at Parke-Bernet in New York on 24 May 1950. She worked there for only three seasons from 1895 to 1897 and she published The Temple of Mut in Asher in 1899 2 with Janet Gourlay, who joined her in the second season. Smite, Holy Fire, and Holy Word: Chastise are the instruments used by Holy Priests to inflict damage upon their enemies. He took the Sherlock Holmes stories as a form of literary art and divided them into eleven characteristic divisions with Greek names. And with the BSI launched in 1934, Knox might not have existed to tell from what Morley wrote that year. But: a€?A genial note of welcome was struck by placing in front of each member a copy of Mr.
The meticulous Rodger Prescott comes nearer the point, but does not deliver the knockout blow. Or so it would seem from the first programme, called a€?Panic in the Streets,a€™ in a new series, The History of Fear (Radio 4, Monday), presented by the feminist historian, Joanna Bourke. There was no question whatever in the mapmaker's mind, therefore, as to the separate identities of the American and Asian continents. Here the northern coast terminates abruptly with open sea beyond approximately 50 degrees, with Newfoundland being shown as an island far to the east. While the shape his Africa resembles reality more so than Martellusa€™, WaldseemA?ller extends the continent to beyond its actual 34 degrees South in a similarly misguided manner as Martellus with WaldseemA?llera€™s Africa reaching an inexplicable 50 degrees plus. Gone, however, is that mysterious strait that had separated North and South America on the 1507 map. But the question concerning the authenticity of these historic letters remains fundamental to the evaluation of Vespucci's achievement. According to the conflicting theory to which Pohl and other modern scholars subscribe, these documents should be regarded as the result of skillful, unauthorized manipulations by entrepreneurs, and the sole authentic papers would be the private letters, so that the verified voyages would be reduced to two. Vespucci thought he had sailed along the coast of the extreme easterly peninsula of Asia, where Ptolemy, the 2nd-century Greek geographer, believed the market of Cattigara to be; so he looked for the tip of this peninsula, calling it Cape Cattigara.
Nonetheless, the name America spread throughout Europe and quickly established itself through sheer force of usage. One of these officials, the senior of the two, who was probably the person who handed over the money to the explorer, was named Richard Ameryk (also written Ap Meryke [Welsh] on one deed, and elsewhere written Amerycke) who seems to have been a leading citizen of Bristol at the time.
Not until 1960 did someone find bills of trading records indicating that Richard Amerike was involved in this business. To us, the 1507 map appears remarkably accurate; but to the world of the early sixteenth century it represented a considerable departure from accepted views regarding the composition of the world. The portfolio with its great treasure was uncovered and revealed to the world in 1901 by the Jesuit priest Josef Fischer, who was conducting research in the Waldburg collection.
And from that fragile first glimpse of the world, so adequately described by WaldseemuI?ller in 1507, the Library of Congressa€™ cartographic resources provide the historical breadth and cartographic depth to fill in the geographic blanks left by those early cosmographers. Works that have increased our knowledge about WaldseemuI?ller and the group in Saint-DieI? include: Joseph Fischer and Franz R. They exhibit the Old World, in the main, in accord with the Ptolemaic idea, and the New World with a close resemblance to the Caveri map record (#307), and that of WaldseemA?llera€™s world map of 1507. By April 1507, WaldseemA?ller and Ringmann had completed the booklet, Cosmographiae Introductio, to accompany the globe and wall-map. Such information would have been kept secret by the Portuguese, and it is perhaps here in this globe that the secrets were first drawn up for a wider audience, particularly since Vespuccia€™s allegiance to Portugal changed when he became a Spanish citizen.
The catalogue published a reserve of $50,000, but it failed to sell and was sold privately in 1954 to James Ford Bell for approximately $45,000.
They were offered for sale in 1991, and purchased by the Bavarian State library in Munich for approximately 2 million DM (in excess of $1million). Tommy Bolt and Nancy Lopez are among those who will be inducted into the Oklahoma Golf Hall of Fame for 2016.
In the introduction to that publication of her work she emphasized that it was the first time any woman had been given permission by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities to excavate; she was well aware that it was something of an accomplishment. Knox invented a controversy about authenticity of the stories with comments by imaginary German scholars.
We must rely instead on what they and others wrote about Knoxa€™s paper around the time it appeared back then a€” to the extent that they wrote about it at all, which wea€™ve seen was very little. While it is true that Sidgwick and others wrote important papers, papers with real content, before Knox, it was Morley who put it all together.
A red cross symbolizes Prester John (who rules both eastern and southern India and who resides in Biberith); and finally on the fourth division of the earth, discovered by the kings of Castile and Portugal, we have placed the emblems of those sovereigns. This interpretation is similar to both Cantino and Caveri and helped keep alive the possibility of a northern access to the as yet unnamed Pacific and, of course, the riches of far Cathay. Over to the left, on Tabula Terra Nove, apparently referring to the Pearl Coast and perhaps to Honduras, we read the surprising inscription: Hec terra cum adiacentib insulis inuenta est per Columbu ianuensem ex mandato Regis Castellae [This land with the adjacent islands was discovered by Columbus of Genoa by order of the King of Castile]. Its appearance undoubtedly ignited a debate in Europe regarding its portrayal of an unknown continent (unknown to Europe and others in the Eastern Hemisphere) between two huge bodies of water, the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and separated from the classical world of Ptolemy, which had been confined to the continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia. Shortly after the appearance of the 1507 world map by Waldseemuller, Vespucci was appointed the first Pilot Major in the Spanish House of Trade (the Casa de la ContratacioI?n) in Seville, and in that capacity was responsible for navigational issues and concerns of Spanish shipping to the new western possessions, across the Atlantic.
In 1903 an elaborate set of facsimiles of the 1507 and the 1516 maps accompanied by a scholarly study by Josef Fischer and Franz von Wieser appeared. The North American region is nameless, but the South American region bears conspicuously the name America.
The ceremony will take place on Sept 18 at Southern Hills, where Bolt triumphed in the 1958 US Open.
Ronald Knox lived first at Lady Actona€™s Aldenham in Shropshire from 1933 to 1947, and at the Manor House, Mells, Somerset, from 1947 until his death in 1957, the country home of Katharine Asquith.
Between his work in Saturday Review and his founding of the BSI, this truly was the basis of the long-term study of the Canon, both institutionally and in print. And what is to be borne in mind, we have marked with crosses shallow places in the sea where shipwreck may be feared. Gemma Frisius and Sebastian Munster edited versions of the latter, so that the WaldseemA?ller type, or Lusitano-Germanic Group, held the field until the advent of Mercator, Ortelius, and the Dutch school of the mid-16th century. A statement that is in obvious conflict with the thrust of both the graphic productions of 1507 (map and globe) and the text of Introductio CosmographiA¦ referred to earlier - both prepared more or less as a testimony to Amerigo Vespucci.
As soon as he was back in Spain, he equipped a fresh expedition with the aim of reaching Asia. Indeed, in one respect he was better than ever; for here in Colliera€™s appeared, for the first time in print, what has become the classic, final and unalterable portrait of Sherlock Holmes.
But the Spanish government did not welcome his proposals, and at the end of 1500 Vespucci went into the service of Portugal. We were frankly warned that we should make no discoveries; indeed if any had been anticipated, it was unlikely that the clearance would have been entrusted to inexperienced direction.
His final contribution to Sherlockian literature was a€?The Apocryphal Sherlock Holmes: The Adventure of the First Class Carriage,a€? a pastiche that appeared in The Strand Magazine in 1947. Roberts a€“- and even his fellow Cantabrigian Frank Sidgwick, who first tackled Watsonian chronology in 1902. So you may imagine the thrilling excitementa€”in 1903, wasna€™t it?a€”when The Return began printing in Colliera€™s. The Cosmographiae provided an introduction to the new geography of the world as laid out in the globe and wall-map, and included a Latin translation of Vespuccia€™s four voyages. 3 A Margaret Benson was born June 16, 1865, one of the six children of Edward White Benson. Weber was director of advertising at Scribnera€™s, and a mystery reviewer (a€?Judge Lyncha€?) for the Saturday Review of Literature. He was first an assistant master at Rugby, then the first headmaster of the newly founded Wellington College.He rose in the service of the church as Chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, Bishop of Truro and, finally, Archbishop of Canterbury. He had attended the 1936 BSI dinner, and would be at the 1941, a€™42, a€™43, a€™46 and a€™47 dinners as well, and the 1944 Trilogy Dinner. Benson was a learned man with a wide knowledge of history and a serious concern for the education of the young. He was also something of a poet and one of his hymns is still included in the American Episcopal Hymnal. Arthur Christopher, the eldest, was first a master at Eton and then at Magdalen College, Cambridge. A noted author and poet with an enormous literary output, he published over fifty books, most of an inspirational nature, but he was also the author of monographs on D. He helped to edit the correspondence of Queen Victoria for publication, contributed poetry to The Yellow Book, and wrote the words to the anthem "Land of Hope and Glory".
Most important to the study of the excavator of the Mut Temple, he was the author of The Life and Letters of Maggie Benson, 4 a sympathetic biography which helps to shed some light on her short archaeological career.
He also wrote several reminiscences of his family in which he included his sister and described his involvement in her excavations. He helped to supervise part of the work and he prepared the plan of the temple which was used in her eventual publication.
His younger brother, Robert Hugh Benson, took Holy Orders in the Church of England, later converted to Roman Catholicism and was ordained a priest in that rite. He also achieved some fame as a novelist and poet and rose to the position of Papal Chamberlain. Her publication of the excavation is cited in every reference to theTemple of Mut in the Egyptological literature, but she is known to history as a name in a footnote and little else.A Margaret Benson was born at Wellington College during her father's tenure as headmaster. Each career advancement for him meant a move for the family so her childhood was spent in a series of official residences until she went to Oxford in 1883.
She was eighteen when she was enrolled at Lady Margaret Hall, a women's college founded only four years before. One of her tutors commented to his sister that he was sorry Margaret had not been able to read for "Greats" in the normal way. 5 When she took a first in the Women's Honours School of Philosophy, he said, "No one will realize how brilliantly she has done." 6 Since her work was not compared to that of her male contemporaries, it would have escaped noticed. In her studies she concentrated on political economy and moral sciences but she was also active in many aspects of the college.
She participated in dramatics, debating and sports but her outstanding talent was for drawing and painting in watercolor.
Her skill was so superior he thought she should be appointed drawing mistress if she remained at Lady Margaret Hall for any length of time.
She began a work titled "The Venture of Rational Faith" which occupied her thoughts for many years. From the titles alone they suggest a young woman who was deeply concerned with problems of society and the spirit and this preoccupation with the spiritual was to be one of her concerns throughout the rest of her life. In some of her letters from Egypt it is clear that she was attempting to understand something of the spiritual life of the ancient Egyptians, not a surprising interest for the daughter of a churchman like Edward White Benson. A In 1885, at the age of twenty, Margaret was taken ill with scarlet fever while at Zermatt in Switzerland. By the time she was twenty-five she had developed the symptoms of rheumatism and the beginnings of arthritis.
She made her first voyage to Egypt in 1894 because the warm climate was considered to be beneficial for those who suffered from her ailments.
Wintering in Egypt was highly recommended at the time for a wide range of illnesses ranging from simple asthma to "mental strain." Lord Carnarvon, Howard Carter's sponsor in the search for the tomb of Tutankhamun, was one of the many who went to Egypt for reasons of health.
After Cairo and Giza she went on by stages as far as Aswan and the island temples of Philae.
She commented on the "wonderful calm" of the Great Sphinx, the physical beauty of the Nubians, the color of the stone at Philae, the descent of the cataract by boat, which she said was "not at all dangerous". By the end of January she was established in Luxor with a program of visits to the monuments set out. I don't feel as if I should have really had an idea of Egypt at all if I hadn't stayed here -- the Bas-reliefs of kings in chariots are only now beginning to look individual instead of made on a pattern, and the immensity of the whole thing is beginning to dawn -- and the colours, oh my goodness! The ancient language and script she found fascinating but she was not as interested in reading classical Arabic. Her interest was maintained by the variety of animal and bird life for at home in England she had been surrounded by domestic animals and had always been keen on keeping pets.
By the time her first stay ended in March, 1894, she had already resolved to return in the fall. When Margaret returned to Egypt in November she had already conceived the idea of excavating a site and thus applied to the Egyptian authorities.
Edouard Naville, the Swiss Egyptologist who was working at the Temple of Hatshepsut at Dier el Bahri for the Egypt Exploration Fund, wrote to Henri de Morgan, Director of the Department of Antiquities, on her behalf.
From her letters of the time, it is clear that this was one of the most exciting moments of Margaret Benson's life because she was allowed to embark on what she considered a great adventure. A Margaret's physical condition at the beginning of the excavation was of great concern to the family.
A Margaret Benson had no particular training to qualify or prepare her for the job but what she lacked in experience she more than made up for with her "enthusiastic personality" and her intellectual curiosity.
In the preface to The Temple of Mut in Asher she said that she had no intention of publishing the work because she had been warned that there was little to find. In the introduction to The Temple of Mut in Asher acknowledgments were made and gratitude was offered to a number of people who aided in the work in various ways. The professional Egyptologists and archaeologists included Naville, Petrie, de Morgan, Brugsch, Borchardt, Daressy, Hogarth and especially Percy Newberry who translated the inscriptions on all of the statues found. Lea), 10 a Colonel Esdaile, 11 and Margaret's brother, Fred, helped in the supervision of the work in one or more seasons. A It is usually assumed that Margaret Benson and Janet Gourlay worked only as amateurs, with little direction and totally inexperienced help. It is clear from the publication that Naville helped to set up the excavation and helped to plan the work. Hogarth 12 gave advice in the direction of the digging and Newberry was singled out for his advice, suggestions and correction as well as "unwearied kindness." Margaret's brother, Fred, helped his inexperienced sister by supervising some of the work as well as making a measured plan of the temple which is reproduced in the publication. Benson) was qualified to help because he had intended to pursue archaeology as a career, studied Classical Languages and archaeology at Cambridge, and was awarded a scholarship at King's College on the basis of his work.
He organized a small excavation at Chester to search for Roman legionary tomb stones built into the town wall and the results of his efforts were noticed favorably by Theodore Mommsen, the great nineteenth century classicist, and by Mr.
Benson went on to excavate at Megalopolis in Greece for the British School at Athens and published the result of his work in the Journal of Hellenic Studies.
His first love was Greece and its antiquities and it is probable that concern for his sister's health was a more important reason for him joining the excavation than an interest in the antiquities of Egypt. 13A It is interesting to speculate as to why a Victorian woman was drawn to the Temple of Mut. The precinct of the goddess who was the consort of Amun, titled "Lady of Heaven", and "Mistress of all the Gods", is a compelling site and was certainly in need of further exploration in Margaret's time. Its isolation and the arrangement with the Temple of Mut enclosed on three sides by its own sacred lake made it seem even more romantic. 14 When she began the excavation three days was considered enough time to "do" the monuments of Luxor and Margaret said that few people could be expected to spend even a half hour at in the Precinct of Mut. A On her first visit to Egypt in 1894 she had gone to see the temple because she had heard about the granite statues with cats' heads (the lion-headed images of Sakhmet). The donkey-boys knew how to find the temple but it was not considered a "usual excursion" and after her early visits to the site she said that "The temple itself was much destroyed, and the broken walls so far buried, that one could not trace the plan of more than the outer court and a few small chambers". 15 The Precinct of the Goddess Mut is an extensive field of ruins about twenty-two acres in size, of which Margaret had chosen to excavate only the central structure. Connected to the southernmost pylons of the larger Amun Temple of Karnak by an avenue of sphinxes, the Mut precinct contains three major temples and a number of smaller structures in various stages of dilapidation.
She noted some of these details in her initial description of the site, but in three short seasons she was only able to work inside the Mut Temple proper and she cleared little of its exterior. Serious study of the temple complex was started at least as early as the expedition of Napoleon at the end of the eighteenth century when artists and engineers attached to the military corps measured the ruins and made drawings of some of the statues.
During the first quarter of the nineteenth century, the great age of the treasure hunters in Egypt, Giovanni Belzoni carried away many of the lion-headed statues and pieces of sculpture to European museums. Champollion, the decipherer of hieroglyphs, and Karl Lepsius, the pioneer German Egyptologist, both visited the precinct, copied inscriptions and made maps of the remains.16 August Mariette had excavated there and believed that he had exhausted the site. Most of the travelers and scholars who had visited the precinct or carried out work there left some notes or sketches of what they saw and these were useful as references for the new excavation. Since some of the early sources on the site are quoted in her publication, Margaret was obviously aware of their existence. 17A On her return to Egypt at the end of November, 1894, she stopped at Mena House hotel at Giza and for a short time at Helwan, south of Cairo.
Helwan was known for its sulphur springs and from about 1880 it had become a popular health resort, particularly suited for the treatment of the sorts of maladies from which Margaret suffered. People at every turn asked if she remembered them and her donkey-boy almost wept to see her.
A "On January 1st, 1895, we began the excavation" -- with a crew composed of four men, sixteen boys (to carry away the earth), an overseer, a night guardian and a water carrier. The largest the work gang would be in the three seasons of excavation was sixteen or seventeen men and eighty boys, still a sizable number. Before the work started Naville came to "interview our overseer and show us how to determine the course of the work". A A good part of Margaret's time was occupied with learning how to supervise the workmen and the basket boys. Since her spoken Arabic was almost nonexistent, she had to use a donkey-boy as a translator.
It would have been helpful if she had had the opportunity to work on an excavation conducted by a professional and profit from the experience but she was eager to learn and had generally good advice at her disposal so she proceeded in an orderly manner and began to clear the temple. On the second of January she wrote to her mother: "I don't think much will be found of little things, only walls, bases of pillars, and possibly Cat-statues. I shall feel rather like --'Massa in the shade would lay While we poor niggers toiled all day' -- for I am to have a responsible overseer, and my chief duty apparently will be paying. 18A She is described as riding out from the Luxor Hotel on donkey-back with bags of piaster pieces jingling for the Saturday payday. She had been warned to pay each man and boy personally rather than through the overseer to reduce the chances of wages disappearing into the hands of intermediaries.
The workmen believed that she was at least a princess and they wanted to know if her father lived in the same village as the Queen of England. When they sang their impromptu work songs (as Egyptian workmen still do) they called Margaret the "Princess" and her brother Fred the "Khedive". A PART II: THE EXCAVATIONSA The clearance was begun in the northern, outer, court of the temple where Mariette had certainly worked. Earth was banked to the north side of the court, against the back of the ruined first pylon but on the south it had been dug out even below the level of the pavement.
Mariette's map is inaccurate in a number of respects suggesting that he was not able to expose enough of the main walls. At the first (northern) gate it was necessary for Margaret Benson to clear ten or twelve feet of earth to reach the paving stones at the bottom. In the process they found what were described as fallen roofing blocks, a lion-headed statue lying across and blocking the way, and also a small sandstone head of a hippopotamus. In the clearance of the court the bases of four pairs of columns were found, not five as on Mariette's map. After working around the west half of the first court and disengaging eight Sakhmet statues in the process, they came on their first important find.
Near the west wall of the court, was discovered a block statue of a man named Amenemhet, a royal scribe of the time of Amenhotep II.
The statue is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo 19 but Margaret was given a cast of it to take home to England.
When it was discovered she wrote to her father: A My Dearest Papa, We have had such a splendid find at the Temple of Mut that I must write to tell you about it.
We were just going out there on Monday, when we met one of our boys who works there running to tell us that they had found a statue.
When we got there they were washing it, and it proved to be a black granite figure about two feet high, knees up to its chin, hands crossed on them, one hand holding a lotus. 20A The government had appointed an overseer who spent his time watching the excavation for just such finds.
He reported it to a sub-inspector who immediately took the block statue away to a store house and locked it up. He said it was hard that Margaret should not have "la jouissance de la statue que vous avez trouve" and she was allowed to take it to the hotel where she could enjoy it until the end of the season when it would become the property of the museum. The statue had been found on the pavement level, apparently in situ, suggesting to the excavator that this was good evidence for an earlier dating for the temple than was generally believed at the time. The presence of a statue on the floor of a temple does not necessarily date the temple, but many contemporary Egyptologists might have come to the same conclusion. One visitor to the site recalled that a party of American tourists were perplexed when Margaret was pointed out to them as the director of the dig. At that moment she and a friend were sitting on the ground quarreling about who could build the best sand castle. This was probably not the picture of an "important" English Egyptologist that the Americans had expected.
A As work was continued in the first court other broken statues of Sakhmet were found as well as two seated sandstone baboons of the time of Ramesses III. 21 The baboons went to the museum in Cairo, a fragment of a limestone stela was eventually consigned to a store house in Luxor and the upper part of a female figure was left in the precinct where it was recently rediscovered. The small objects found in the season of 1895 included a few coins, a terra cotta of a reclining "princess", some beads, Roman pots and broken bits of bronze.
Time was spent repositioning Sakhmet statues which appeared to be out of place based on what was perceived as a pattern for their arrangement. Even if they were correct they could not be sure that they were reconstructing the original ancient placement of the statues in the temple or some modification of the original design. In the spirit of neatness and attempting to leave the precinct in good order, they also repaired some of the statues with the aid of an Italian plasterer, hired especially for that purpose. A Margaret was often bed ridden by her illnesses and she was subject to fits of depression as well but she and her brother Fred would while away the evenings playing impromptu parlor games.
For a fancy dress ball at the Luxor Hotel she appeared costumed as the goddess Mut, wearing a vulture headdress which Naville praised for its ingenuity. The resources in the souk of Luxor for fancy dress were nonexistent but Margaret was resourceful enough to find material with which to fabricate a costume based, as she said, on "Old Egyptian pictures." A The results of the first season would have been gratifying for any excavator. In a short five weeks the "English Lady" had begun to clear the temple and to note the errors on the older plans available to her.
She had started a program of reconstruction with the idea of preserving some of the statues of Sakhmet littering the site. She had found one statue of great importance and the torso of another which did not seem so significant to her.
Her original intention of digging in a picturesque place where she had been told there was nothing much to be found was beginning to produce unexpected results.A The Benson party arrived in Egypt for the second season early in January of 1896.
After a trip down to, they reached Luxor Aswan around the twenty-sixth and the work began on the thirtieth. That day Margaret was introduced to Janet Gourlay who had come to assist with the excavation. The beginning of the long relationship between "Maggie" Benson and "Nettie" Gourlay was not signaled with any particular importance. By May of the same year she was to write (also to her mother): "I like her more and more -- I haven't liked anyone so well in years".
Miss Benson and Miss Gourlay seemed to work together very well and to share similar reactions and feelings. They were to remain close friends for much of Margaret's life, visiting and travelling together often. Their correspondence reflects a deep mutual sympathy and Janet was apparently much on Margaret's mind because she often mentioned her friend in writing to others.
After her relationship with Margaret Benson she faded into obscurity and even her family has been difficult to trace, although a sister was located a few years ago. A For the second season in 1896 the work staff was a little larger, with eight to twelve men, twenty-four to thirty-six boys, a rais (overseer), guardians and the necessary water carrier.
With the first court considered cleared in the previous season, work was begun at the gate way between the first and second courts. An investigation was made of the ruined wall between these two courts and the conclusion was drawn that it was "a composite structure" suggesting that part of the wall was of a later date than the rest. The wall east of the gate opening is of stone and clearly of at least two building periods while the west side has a mud brick core faced on the south with stone.
Margaret thought the west half of the wall to be completely destroyed because it was of mud brick which had never been replaced by stone. She found the remains of "more than one row of hollow pots" which she thought had been used as "air bricks" in some later rebuilding. Originally built of mud brick, like many of the structures in the Precinct of Mut, the south face of both halves of the wall was sheathed with stone one course thick no later than the Ramesside Period. During the Ptolemaic Period the core of the east half of the mud brick wall was replaced with stone but the Ramesside sheathing was retained.
Here the untrained excavator was beginning to understand some of the problems of clearing a temple structure in Egypt. Mariette's plan of the second chamber probably seemed accurate after a superficial examination so a complete clearing seemed unnecessary. Other fragments were found and the original height of the seated statue was estimated between fourteen and sixteen feet high.
The following year de Morgan, the Director General of the Department of Antiquities, ordered the head sent to the museum in Cairo The finding of the large lion head is mentioned in a letter from Margaret to her mother dated February 9, 1896, 22. In the same letter she also mentions the discovery of a statue of Ramesses II on the day before the letter was written.
23.Her published letters often give exact or close dates of discoveries whereas her later publication in the Temple of Mut in Asher was an attempt at a narrative of the work in some order of progression through the temple and dates are often lacking.
About the same time that the giant lion head was found some effort was made to raise a large cornerstone block but a crowbar was bent and a rope was broken.
The end result of the activity is not explained at that point and the location of the corner not given but it can probably be identified with the southeast cornerstone of the Mut Temple mentioned later in a description of the search for foundation deposits. A Somewhere near the central axis of the second court, but just inside the gateway, they came on the upper half of a royal statue with nemes headdress and the remains of a false beard. There had been inscriptions on the shoulder and back pillar but these had been methodically erased.
The lower half was found a little later and it was possible to reconstruct an over life-sized, nearly complete, seated statue of a king.
The excavators published it as "possibly" Tutankhamun, an identification not accepted today, and it is still to be seen, sitting to the east of the gateway, facing into the second court.24 A large statue of Sakhmet was also found, not as large as the colossal head, but larger than the other figures still in the precinct and in most Egyptian collections.
It was also reconstructed and left in place, on the west side of the doorway where it is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the temple. In the clearance of the second court a feature described as a thin wall built out from the north wall was found in the northeast corner. It was later interpreted by the nineteenth century excavators as part of the arrangement for a raised cloister and it was not until recent excavation that it was identified as the lower part of the wall of a small chapel, built against the north wall of the court. The process of determining any sequence of the levels in the second court was complicated by the fact that it had been worked over by earlier treasure hunters and archaeologists. In some cases statues were found below the original floor level, leading to the assumption that some pieces had fallen, broken the pavement, and sunk into the floor of their own weight. It is more probable that the stone floors had been dug out and undermined in the search for antiquities. A An attempt was made to put the area in order for future visitors as the excavation progressed.
This included the reconstruction of some of the statues as found and the moving of others in a general attempt to neaten the appearance of the temple.
Other finds made in the second court included inscribed blocks too large to move or reused in parts of walls still standing. The statue identified as Ramesses II, mentioned in Margaret's letter of February 9, was found on the southwest side of the court, near the center.
It was a seated figure in pink granite, rather large in size, but when it was completely uncovered it was found to be broken through the middle with the lower half in an advanced state of disintegration.
The upper part was in relatively good condition except for the left shoulder and arm and it was eventually awarded to the excavators.
A Mention was also made of several small finds from the second court including a head of a god in black stone and part of the vulture headdress from a statue of a goddess or a queen.
The recent ongoing excavations carried out by the Brooklyn Museum have revealed a female head with traces of a vulture headdress as well as a number of fragments of legs and feet which suggest that the head of the god found by Margaret Benson was from a pair statue representing Amun and Mut. Another important discovery she made on the south side of the court was a series of sandstone relief blocks representing the arrival at Thebes of Nitocris, daughter of Psamtik I, as God's Wife of Amun.25A At some time during the season Margaret was made aware of the possibility that foundation deposits might still be in place.
These dedicatory deposits were put down at the time of the founding of a structure or at a time of a major rebuilding, and they are often found under the cornerstones, the thresholds or under major walls, usually in the center.
They contain a number of small objects including containers for food offerings, model tools and model bricks or plaques inscribed with the name of the ruler. The importance of finding such a deposit in the Temple of Mut was obvious to Margaret because it would prove to everyone's satisfaction who had built the temple, or at least who had made additions to it.
A They first looked for foundation deposits in the middle of the gateway between the first and second courts.
At the same time another part of the crew was clearing the innermost rooms in the south part of the temple. Under the central of the three chambers they discovered a subterranean crypt with an entrance so small that it had to be excavated by "a small boy with a trowel".
This chamber has been re-cleared in recent years and proved to be a small rectangular room with traces of an erased one-line text around the four walls.
In antiquity the access seems to have been hidden by a paving stone which had to be lifted each time the room was entered. A The search for foundation deposits continued in the southeast corner of the temple (probably the place where the crowbar was bent and the rope broken). Again no deposit was found but in digging around the cornerstone, below the original ground level, they began to find statues and fragments of statues. As the earth continued to yield more and more pieces of sculpture, Legrain arrived from the Amun Temple, where he was supervising the excavation, and announced his intention to take everything away to the storehouse. Aside from the pleasure of the find, it was important to have the objects at hand for study, comparison and the copying of inscriptions.




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