Riddle of steel secrets of the viking sword legendado,the secret (2006 film) initial dvd release date,the secret garden for free,finding true love images 2014 - Step 3

18.11.2014
Above: Re-enactor - the Vikings conquered vast areas in Europe, and extended their reach as far as North America and Central Asia. Above: Each year, hundreds of Viking reenactors meet for the "Big Battle" at the Viking Festival in Wolin, Poland.
Above: Blacksmith Ric Furrer heats the crucible Ulfberht blade in a traditional brick forge. See your name spelled in runes and learn the meaning of each of the letters in the Viking alphabet. The Vikings were among the fiercest warriors of all time, and a select few carried the ultimate weap- on: a sword nearly 1,000 years ahead of its time. Fashioned using a process unknown to the Vikings’ rivals, the Ulfberht sword was a revolutionary high-tech blade as well as a work of art. But how did master swordsmiths of the Middle Ages come up with the Ulfberht’s complex recipe, and what was its role in history? Thousands of Viking swords have since been found, most discovered in rivers or excavated from burials across Scandinavia and Northern Europe. In "Secrets Of The Viking Sword," NOVA and National Geographic follow modern day swordsmith Ric Furrer as he endeavors to become the first person in a thousand years to bring this mysterious sword back to life. Viewers will watch every step of the way as he uses period tools and methods to build a special oven, heat and cool the raw iron, and skillfully wield the mallet to shape and forge the metal by hand, hammer blow by powerful hammer blow. The film demonstrates the dramatic and extremely challenging forging process as it unfolds, step-by-step, and illustrates how technology and innovation enabled craftsmen to create one of the greatest weapons of all time. Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames.
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Whenever the term Viking comes into a discussion, things take an interesting turn – whether it is related to how lack of booze might have deterred the power of these ruthless raiders, or if it pertains to how the expert seafarers first discovered America. However, during latter times after the Industrial Age, craftsmen were able to achieve higher temperatures for impurity removal, and they further improved upon the process by mixing carbon that made the brittle iron stronger.


In any case, beyond the sense of wonderment, there should always be the logical side of affairs in history. Lastly, in an interesting note, the famed Ulfberht mark didn’t always pertain to extraordinary swords crafted for elite warriors. A short-story 'maker', amateur historian, content creator and fervent admirer of strategy games, Dattatreya also has a bachelor’s degree in architecture and several years of writing experience under his belt - courtesy of various online publications that cover the realms of history, science and architecture. Plastic Classics by Jane Perkins, features classic paintings tastefully redone with plastic junk! It was a development of the Roman spatha, evolving out of the Migration Period sword in the 8th century, and into the classical knightly sword in the 11th century with the emergence of larger cross-guards. It has been almost 1,000 years since a metallurgically accurate Ulfberht blade has been made. With compelling stories and spectacular visuals, NOVA programs demystify science and technology for viewers of all ages and spotlight people involved in scientific pursuits. But the secrets behind this super sword’s design, creation and use have remained hidden for centuries.
Considered by some to be one of the greatest swords ever made, it remains a fearsome weapon more than a millennium after it last saw battle. Of those, only 171 are marked Ulfberht--most only corroded skeletons of once magnificent blades--further cloaking the mysteries of what some experts deem the ultimate weapon of the fiercest warriors.
Furrer reverse engineers this legendary sword with the help of new findings about the chemistry of the Ulfberht’s steel. Many experts believe that the Volga trade route supplied Vikings with prized crucible steel from the Middle East, where people were more practiced in the art of forging it. But arguably more baffling to the historians, is the evidence of the so-called Ulfberht swords.
Now, from the perspective of medieval sword-making, the very first predicament of the conventional process entailed the removal of impurities (known as slag) from the ore.
And intriguingly enough, the aforementioned Ulfberht swords from the Viking Age conformed to the metallurgical quality of these later-aged advanced crucible steel weapons – as is evident from greater carbon content and lack of slag in their respective compositions.


The Viking swords were pattern welded which gave the blade extra strength as the core was made of springy iron and edge of hard steel. According to archeometallurgist Alan Williams' research, Ulfberht swords with the +T inscription were made from crucible steel, a pure kind of steel not known in Europe during the Viking Age.
In fact, modern-day blacksmith Richard Furrer used the technologies that would have been available in middle ages to forge a similar sword. But, to make a weapon that could bend without breaking, stay so sharp, and weigh so little would be regarded as supernatural.
There is some credibility in this hypotheses, since the production of the Ulfberht swords seemed to have stopped after such expansive routes were on the decline. Unfortunately for their true owners, most of these fake Ulfberht swords had keen edges but were inexcusably brittle for actual combat scenarios.
Of particular note is the "Ulfberht" subset, which used steel of higher purity and carbon content than its peers in the region that may have been imported in length varied from 71 to 84 centimetres. Its combination of strength, lightness, and flexibility represented the perfect marriage of form and function in the chaos that was a Viking battle. In fact, the carbon percentages analysed from the swords were found to be whopping three times higher than comparable swords from the epoch (9th century to 11th century AD), which in turn endowed the blades with outstanding strength.
As a result, the expert smiths back then had to pound the hot metal during forging, so as to maintain the high quality of the blades.
The Islamic world in turn might have adopted the crucible steel from the Indian sub-continent, with this particular high-quality steel variety being known as Wootz.
Later examples have multiple narrow fuller reduces the weight of the blade without compromising its strength.
Later swords also had more tapered points for increased effectiveness against chain have short single-handed hilts with pyramid, lobed or cocked-hat style pommels.



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