Secret of the himalayan warming mask,personal development companies uk internships,the secret rose poem,the secret law of attraction audiobook free xbox - Step 2

29.05.2015
Sacred places rekindle reverence for land and cultural diversity, and connect nature and culture. Throughout the famed Himalayan mountains are large, hidden valleys known as beyul, places of peace and refuge revered by Tibetan Buddhists. The beyul are large mountain valleys, sometimes encompassing hundreds of square kilometers, found in the Buddhist areas of the Himalaya in Nepal, Tibet, India and Bhutan.
One of the most legendary beyul is Pemako (a€?the Secret Land Shaped Like a Lotusa€?), in southeastern Tibet, east of a dramatic Tsangpo River gorge known as the Great Bend, where the river curves sharply into the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
In Nepal and Tibet, around Mount Everest, are the Khenbalung, Khumbu, Rolwaling, Rongshar, Kyirong and Nubri sacred valleys. Many other beyul are known only to local people and they often transcend political boundaries. Beyul are religious conceptions, but because of the reverence with which they are treated by local residents, hunting, fighting and disturbing the natural landscape are considered inappropriate behaviors and are avoided.
Within the beyul, particular natural features such as lakes, rocks and patches of forest are often regarded as especially sacred because they are home to supernatural beings. Today, most beyul in the Himalaya are designated as some form of park or reserve by their respective governments. In the age of global economic systems, voluntary faith-based approaches may also not be adequate to ensure continued environmental protection, as development projects are authorized from outside the communities. Pemako is currently threatened by Chinaa€™s plans to build a hydroelectric dam, twice as big as the controversial Three Gorges Dam, which would harness the power of the Tsangpo waterfalls to pump water to northeast China. Sagarmatha National Park, which encompasses Beyul Khumbu, near Mount Everest, was established in 1976 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage site three years later.
For protected areas to be successful in the long term, park managers and government officials need to learn more about the spiritual underpinnings of the beyul concept in order to gain support from the local communities who are the real guardians of the hidden lands. Some community groups and NGOs are currently working to strengthen local attachment to the beyul and educate communities about the value of ecotourism, which can provide income while also protecting the sacred valleys. Protecting ecosystems across political boundaries is also vital for long-term conservation. Thanks to: Lhakpa Sherpa, senior technical expert at the Mountain Institute, for reviewing the text prior to publication. International Shipping - items may be subject to customs processing depending on the item's declared value. Your country's customs office can offer more details, or visit eBay's page on international trade.
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They originate from the beliefs of the Nyingmapa sect of Tibetan Buddhism, which has a rich tradition of respect for natural sites. The Tsangpo Gorge is three times deeper than the Grand Canyon, with enormous waterfalls in which the river drops more than 8,000 feet in a 150-mile stretch.


Khumbu was discovered by ancestors of the Sherpa people, who had left Tibet to escape religious persecution in the 15th and 16th centuries. The exact geographical locations of beyul are often debated because their locations are also spiritual.
Some gathering of plant resources, such as medicinal plants, firewood and timber, is allowed, but collectors make sure they have not harvested more than is needed. In Beyul Dremoshung in the Indian state of Sikkim, two groups, the Lepchas and Bhutias, hold an annual festival that commemorates the signing of a peace treaty. In the process, the centuries of protection the beyul concept has provided are being forgotten, and regulation and policing are taking precedence over communitiesa€™ faith-based conservation.
Roads now run through Ronghsar and Kyirong and there are airfields near Khumbu and Khenbalung.
The project would displace the traditional Tibetan villages above the gorge and impact millions of people downriver in India, who will be deprived of river water and the nutrients its flood levels bring into soil.
It is the second most visited national park in Nepala€™s Himalayan region; tourism increased from 3,600 tourists in 1979 to 21,570 in 2001. The Mountain Institutea€™s Himalaya Program works with local communities in the eastern Himalayan valleys of Nepal and Tibet to preserve mountain cultures, improve mountain livelihoods and conserve ecosystems.
Toward that end, the Mountain Institute has supported the governments of Nepal, India and the Tibet Autonomous Region in creating a network of transboundary protected areas including Sagarmatha National Park, Makalu-Barun National Park and Tibet’s Qomolangma Nature Preserve.
For more general guidelines, read Sacred Sites International Foundationa€™s Ethics for Visiting Sacred Sites.
Claiming the High Ground: Sherpas, Subsistence, and Environmental Change in the Highest Himalaya.
It started from Pemako, more in the descriptive part but went more into the Beyul’s of Nepal on the preservation topic.
I may be wrong but Yolmo is considered as the second most important Beyul among the nine most important Beyuls. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location.
However, outside influences like globalization, nationalization, cultural assimilation and tourism have begun to erode the power of the traditional beyul concept in many places, while development encroaches on the physical landscape. According to ancient Buddhist texts, the beyul were preserves of Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche, who introduced Buddhism to Tibet and founded the Nyingmapa tradition in the eighth century.
These waterfalls, where several explorers have lost their lives, are said to be a gateway to a secret inner part of Beyul Pemako.
A person might follow instructions from the ancient texts but still not be able to see or experience the beyul if not in the proper spiritual state.
They typically have plentiful water coming from the surrounding mountains, and their terrain is covered with forests, lakes, alpine meadows, and snow and ice fields. The festival celebrates the deity of the beyula€™s Mount Kangchendjunga, who is supposed to have witnessed the treaty signing. Many beyul are no longer so isolated because of modern modes of transportation and communication.
Burning of forests, livestock overgrazing and soil erosion are becoming problems as community respect for the beyul declines.
A full survey of beyul throughout the Himalayas needs to be conducted, alongside interviews with community spiritual leaders to document the principles by which they govern their beyul.


Its Sacred Sites Trail Project has constructed a trail in Sagarmatha National Park to keep tourists away from fragile areas and direct them to lesser-known sacred sites and villages in the Khumbu region, thus spreading the economic benefits to isolated communities and lessening the impact on better-known places. These adjacent parks jointly protect nearly 40,000 square kilometers around Mount Everest in the heart of the Himalaya, including six beyul. Oh ya, the astonishing lesson was that there are 108 Beyuls which is way more than I learnt. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. If modern conservation and management efforts are to be successful, they must find ways to preserve and integrate longstanding traditional beliefs and practices. Information on their locations was kept on scrolls hidden under rocks and inside caves, monasteries and stupa (shrines). The Tsangpo River connects Pemako to one of Tibeta€™s most sacred mountains, Mount Kailash, and the landscape of the Tsangpo-Pemako area is said to represent the body of the goddess Dorje Pagmo, with the river her spine and the surrounding peaks her breasts. Buddhist monasteries and sacred mountains have brought many spiritual travelers to Khumbu, more accessible than the mysterious Pemako. The residents of the Kharta and Rongshar areas in Tibet, for example, challenged British explorers who wanted to hunt when they arrived in 1921. Education in outside languages often erodes local cultural values and traditional knowledge. And since the higher-elevation and more isolated areas tend to be economically poorer, the money to be made from tourism and development is a powerful force. However, there are pressing concerns about the increased harvesting of fragile and slow-growing high-altitude vegetation such as shrub juniper and cushion plants, which the growing population uses for fuel. Local schools should incorporate beyul traditions into their curriculum so adults can pass on indigenous knowledge and practices. Some beyul are now inhabited, others are occasionally visited by spiritual seekers and adventurers, and some are still unknown. Their size and topographic variations provide a home for a diverse array of plants and animals; their isolation and inaccessibility generally means low levels of human disturbance.
Endangered species that live in beyul include the snow leopard, musk deer, red panda and Himalayan black bear. When children adopt cultures that are alien to their own land, traditional concepts such as the beyul begin to lose their grip on peoplea€™s minds.
Adventure tourism like trekking is often unregulated, and increasing numbers of visitors are taking their toll on fragile areas. Tourism has brought them some financial benefits, but the growing numbers of people disturb fragile ecological zones, and tourism income is not equally distributed throughout the region. Outside visitors and migrant workers should also be educated in the local culture and conservation ethics; their respect and interest will further encourage community members to preserve their heritage. Recent migrants to the area often serve as commercial and trekking porters, and they do not share the religious and cultural traditions of long-term inhabitants.




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