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28.03.2016
Tai Chi for Beginners is available on Our Private Server, a new fast direct download service with over 2,210,000 Files. A growing body of clinical research has now evaluated the effectiveness and safety of Tai Chi as a preventative and therapeutic tool for a variety of health issues including: balance and postural stability, musculoskeletal strength and flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, immune function and general stress management.
As the value of daily Tai Chi practice comes into focus for modern medicine, there will be ongoing projects to further explore the mechanisms by which Tai Chi benefits the individual. In a 40-person study at Tufts University, presented in October 2008 at a meeting of the American College of Rheumatology, an hour of tai chi twice a week for 12 weeks reduced pain and improved mood and physical functioning more than standard stretching exercises in people with severe knee osteoarthritis. Tai chi has shown potential for improving quality of life and functional capacity (the physical ability to carry out normal daily activities, such as work or exercise) in women suffering from breast cancer or the side effects of breast cancer treatment. A 53-person study at National Taiwan University found that a year of tai chi significantly boosted exercise capacity, lowered blood pressure, and improved levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and C-reactive protein in people at high risk for heart disease.
In a 30-person pilot study at Harvard Medical School, 12 weeks of tai chi improved participants’ ability to walk and quality of life. In a review of 26 studies in English or Chinese published in Preventive Cardiology (Spring 2008), Dr. In a University of California, Los Angeles, study of 112 healthy older adults with moderate sleep complaints, 16 weeks of tai chi improved the quality and duration of sleep significantly more than standard sleep education. In 136 patients who’d had a stroke at least six months earlier, 12 weeks of tai chi improved standing balance more than a general exercise program that entailed breathing, stretching, and mobilizing muscles and joints involved in sitting and walking.
Qi — an energy force thought to flow through the body; tai chi is said to unblock and encourage the proper flow of qi.
Yin and yang — opposing elements thought to make up the universe that need to be kept in harmony. The benefits of tai chi are generally greatest if you begin before you develop a chronic illness or functional limitations. Although tai chi is slow and gentle and doesn’t leave you breathless, it addresses the key components of fitness — muscle strength, flexibility, balance, and, to a lesser degree, aerobic conditioning.
In a Japanese study using the same strength measures, 113 older adults were assigned to different 12-week exercise programs, including tai chi, brisk walking, and resistance training. Mindful exercise has been shown to provide an immediate source of relaxation and mental quiescence. There is currently extensive use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) — also known as integrative or mind-body medicine — in the United States to sustain well-being in both aging baby boomers and in children and adolescents.
The most recent comprehensive assessment of CAM use in the United States found that roughly 40% of US adults had used at least one CAM therapy within the past year. As baby boomers age and increase use of CAM, mental health professionals require a working knowledge of CAM techniques intended to address late life mood disorders. Complementary and alternative medicine encompasses a number of techniques collectively known as mindful exercise (e.g. Yogic meditation (Kirtan Kriya) for stressed family dementia caregivers resulted in lower levels of depressive symptoms, and improvements in mental health and cognitive functioning.
Studies of meditation also report decreased sympathetic nervous activity and increased parasympathetic activity associated with decreased heart rate and blood pressure, decreased respiratory rate, and decreased oxygen metabolism. In a recent systematic review of neurobiological and clinical features of mindfulness meditations, Chiesa and Serretti (2010) provided evidence on the neurobiological changes related to Mindfulness Meditation (MM) practice in psychiatric disorders. Given the noninvasive nature of mindful exercise and meditation, these exercises are an appropriate option for consumers and clinicians, particularly for conditions that have been examined in controlled studies. There is also a growing database of the psychological effects of Tai Chi which has been shown to provide an immediate source of relaxation and mental quiescence, with scientific evidence showing positive improvements to medical conditions such as hypertension, depression, anxiety disorders, as well as cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance.
While specific results are quantifiable, the challenge for researchers is to understand how and why Tai Chi is so effective in improving such a broad array of health issues. According to a Korean study published in December 2008 in Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, eight weeks of tai chi classes followed by eight weeks of home practice significantly improved flexibility and slowed the disease process in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a painful and debilitating inflammatory form of arthritis that affects the spine.
Wayne and other Harvard researchers indicates that tai chi may be a safe and effective way to maintain bone density in postmenopausal women. For example, a 2008 study at the University of Rochester, published in Medicine and Sport Science, found that quality of life and functional capacity (including aerobic capacity, muscular strength, and flexibility) improved in women with breast cancer who did 12 weeks of tai chi, while declining in a control group that received only supportive therapy. The study, which was published in the September 2008 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, found no improvement in a control group that did not practice tai chi.
Yeh reported that in 85% of trials, tai chi lowered blood pressure — with improvements ranging from 3 to 32 mm Hg in systolic pressure and from 2 to 18 mm Hg in diastolic pressure.
Louis, published in Gait and Posture (October 2008), found that people with mild to moderately severe Parkinson’s disease showed improved balance, walking ability, and overall well-being after 20 tai chi sessions.


Findings were published in the January 2009 issue of Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.
Proprioception — the ability to sense the position of one’s body in space — declines with age.
Depending on the speed and size of the movements, tai chi can provide some aerobic benefits.
Wayne, assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and director of the Tai Chi and Mind-Body Research Program at Harvard Medical School’s Osher Research Center. Easy motions, such as shoulder circles, turning the head from side to side, or rocking back and forth, help you to loosen your muscles and joints and focus on your breath and body. Short forms — forms are sets of movements — may include a dozen or fewer movements; long forms may include hundreds. Names like Yang, Wu, and Cheng are given to various branches of tai chi, in honor of people who devised the sets of movements called forms. If you have a limiting musculoskeletal problem or medical condition — or if you take medications that can make you dizzy or lightheaded — check with your doctor before starting tai chi.
Although there are some excellent tai chi books, it can be difficult to appreciate the flow of movements from still photos or illustrations. Most beginning programs and tai chi interventions tested in medical research last at least 12 weeks, with instruction once or twice a week and practice at home. In a 2006 study published in Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, Stanford University researchers reported benefits of tai chi in 39 women and men, average age 66, with below-average fitness and at least one cardiovascular risk factor.
People who did tai chi improved more than 30% in lower-body strength and 25% in arm strength — almost as much as those who participated in resistance training, and more than those assigned to brisk walking. Women in the 2006 Stanford study significantly boosted upper- and lower-body flexibility as well as strength.
Scientific evidence has shown that medical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, depression, and anxiety disorders respond favorably to mindful exercises. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) defines CAM therapies as “a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine,” with “conventional” medicine being defined as the approaches used by clinicians in the routine daily practice of Western or allopathic medicine that are within the currently accepted standard of care.
In addition, Americans make more visits to CAM providers each year than to primary care physicians and spend at least as much money on out-of-pocket expenses for CAM services as they do for all conventional physician services combined.
An estimated 33-88% of older adults will use CAM therapies, including those with late-life depression and bipolar disorder. Energy centric awareness of individual flow of intrinsic body energy, otherwise known as prana, life force, qi, or Kundalini. Participants in the yogic meditation group showed a 43% improvement in telomerase activity after 12 minutes of daily practice for 8 weeks, compared with 3.7% in relaxation music control participants. Functional neuroimaging studies have been able to corroborate these subjective experiences by demonstrating the up-regulation in brain regions of internalized attention and emotion processing with meditation.
Significant evidence supports the assertion that Tai Chi and Qi Gong and yoga and meditation can improve physical and mental health, and quality of life. Helen Lavretsky is a Professor of Psychiatry at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, a geriatric psychiatrist with the research interest in geriatric depression and caregiver stress, as well as complementary and alternative medicine and mind-body approaches to treatment and prevention of disorders in older adults. Neither the service provider nor the domain owner maintain any relationship with the advertisers. This research has been summarized and critically evaluated in recent medical reviews around the world including Harvard Medical School.
This approach to healing has already been explored and practiced in Traditional Chinese Medicine for over 5000 years. The movements are usually circular and never forced, the muscles are relaxed rather than tensed, the joints are not fully extended or bent, and connective tissues are not stretched. A controlled study of tai chi in women with osteopenia (diminished bone density not as severe as osteoporosis) is under way at the Osher Research Center and Boston’s Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Tai chi helps train this sense, which is a function of sensory neurons in the inner ear and stretch receptors in the muscles and ligaments.
But in the Japanese study, only participants assigned to brisk walking gained much aerobic fitness. Certain programs emphasize the martial arts aspect of tai chi rather than its potential for healing and stress reduction. Seeing a teacher in action, getting feedback, and experiencing the camaraderie of a group are all pluses.
Look for an experienced teacher who will accommodate individual health concerns or levels of coordination and fitness.


By the end of that time, you should know whether you enjoy tai chi, and you may already notice positive physical and psychological changes. After taking 36 tai chi classes in 12 weeks, they showed improvement in both lower-body strength (measured by the number of times they could rise from a chair in 30 seconds) and upper-body strength (measured by their ability to do arm curls). There is a growing database of the physiological effects of mindful exercise and meditation.
Patients with mental disorders turn to CAM for relief of symptoms of anxiety, mood, insomnia, impaired cognition, and perceived stress. CAM treatments of mood and anxiety disorders include acupuncture, deep breathing exercises, massage therapy, meditation, naturopathy, and yoga. This ‘physical exercise executed with a profound inwardly directed contemplative focus’ is increasingly utilized for improving psychological well-being. This suggests that brief daily meditation practices can benefit stress-induced cellular aging. Future studies will be needed to disentangle the brain activation patterns related to different meditation traditions.
Ethical considerations should be taken into account when practicing or recommending spiritual interventions by healthcare professionals to respect patients’ beliefs in choosing mind-body interventions. In case of trademark issues please contact the domain owner directly (contact information can be found in whois).
Tai chi can be easily adapted for anyone, from the most fit to people confined to wheelchairs or recovering from surgery. Tai chi also improves muscle strength and flexibility, which makes it easier to recover from a stumble. If your clinician advises a more intense cardio workout with a higher heart rate than tai chi can offer, you may need something more aerobic as well. A short form with smaller, slower movements is usually recommended at the beginning, especially if you’re older or not in good condition. In some forms, you learn long sequences of movements, while others involve shorter series and more focus on breathing and meditation. Most teachers will let you observe the class first to see if you feel comfortable with the approach and atmosphere. Qigong has been shown to promote relaxation and decrease sympathetic output, and to benefit anxiety, depression, blood pressure, and recovery from immune-mediated diseases. The most commonly used CAM techniques include prayer for health and the use of multivitamin supplementation.
Kirtan Kriya reversed the pattern of increased NF-?B-related transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and decreased IRF1-related transcription of innate antiviral response genes in distressed dementia caregivers.
She is a recipient of the two Career Development awards from NIMH and other prestigious research awards. In Taoism (the ancient folk religion of China), it is believed that Tai Chi is the mother of Yin and Yang, a primordial consciousness that also causes the grass to grow, the earth to rotate, and all the things that happen in all of creation. Fear of falling can make you more likely to fall; some studies have found that tai chi training helps reduce that fear. Given widespread use of CAM services among patients, there is an urgent need for greater awareness and familiarity with its applications and outcomes. Her current research include clinical and translational studies of geriatric depression and caregiver stress, as well as complementary and alternative interventions for stress reduction in older adults.
These practices have also been shown to increase blood levels of endorphins and baroreflex sensitivity, and to reduce levels of inflammatory markers (CRP), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), and cortisol, implicating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis as a mediator of stress and anxiety reduction. In the same study, nine caregivers received brain FDG-PET scans at baseline and post-intervention. When comparing the regional cerebral metabolism between groups, significant differences over time were found in different patterns of regional cerebral metabolism suggesting brain-fitness effect different from passive relaxation. And the more Tai Chi practitioners and other people get acquainted with that power the more they are able to internalize, utilize and flow with that power. Qigong and Tai Chi exercise have found increased frontal EEG alpha, beta, and theta wave activity, suggesting increased relaxation and attentiveness. Like the legendary Yogis of the Himalayas, Tai Chi masters discovered how to tap into the source of the cosmos, and through daily practice universal healing energy can be awakened within each and every one of us.



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