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We offer twenty-three different types of rustic doors (standard Front or backdoor opening). One of the great properties of wood accents is that that you can find a stain to go with any color. If you are concerned that the door will not work with the overall exterior, consider adding a similar stained garage door. Review our selection of Rustic Alder doors and contact us for more information or to request a quote. YLearning how to build shed doors is perhaps one of the most difficult tasks in building your shed!
The following directions on building 2 - 5' wide double shed doors are for a saltbox style shed.
Now, to determine your door panel length from top to bottom, if your wall height is 'x' feet, add 2" to this height and this is what the total length will be for your door panels which will get nailed onto your wall studs for the front wall.
At this point, you will need to take one of your completed door assemblies and lay it face up on a pair of saw horses. Installation of your door latch and hasp is not necessary at this point in time and will come later in your shed construction. Another method to building double shed doorsBuilding single shed doors.Framing for shed doors and windows. Do not purchase materials or attempt to build this shed project unless you have studied the information provided thoroughly, and have verified all dimensions and material requirements for yourself.
Headers For Windows and Doors Feb 07, 16 10:01 AMHow to make headers for door and window openings in your shed framing. Pictures of Sheds, Storage Shed Plans, Shed Designs Dec 27, 15 10:46 AMVisit our library of pictures of sheds built from our shed plans. Awesome 10x12 Barn Shed Dec 27, 15 10:41 AMSee how Jason built his very own 10x12 barn shed and had a great time doing it. There are a zillion unlike ways to build doors and some slipway could Wipe excess gum off bare wood for stained projects as desiccated mucilage Since 1977 Nick's Building Supply has sold DoI and exterior. When it's time to put your siding on whether it be osb or T1-11 or smartside siding panels, the next step is to find the exact middle of your door opening.
We have our 5' door opening for double shed doors and we have the two door panels we cut out that we can now build our doors with.We can start with either panel, it makes no difference.
Working with each door panel individually, we can now frame the outside of these panels with 2x4's and 2x6's as such.
With the door panels assembled now with 2x4's and 2x6's the shed itself now needs to be framed out with 2x4's and a lentil around the door opening The 2x4's will serve as door jambs and should be screwed or nailed to the frame flush with the door opening.The door lentil can be made of a 2x6. This metal threshold strip should be pre-drilled and screwed down with exterior pan head screws about 1.5" long every 12" starting from the ends and working your way inward.
How to build shed doors - another way.Building single shed doorsLeave double shed doors for shedkings home page.
For doorways with high traffic volumes, faster door operation trumps R-value when it comes to preventing energy loss and maintaining a productive environment. As traffic moves in and out of an industrial or commercial building, numerous areas throughout the facility must deal with temperature differentials both on the inside and on the outside. Conditioned air is important for productivity and maintaining a specified interior climate needed to achieve desired product quality in operations where manufacturing and processing take place.
More manufacturing and processing plants are seeking certification under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program, putting to rest the classic image of carbon-laden smoke-belching factories. Cost-cutting is always a management mission in any operation, and industrial and commercial buildings have plenty of potential when it comes to energy savings. Collectively, buildings across the United States use 36 percent of the nation’s energy and generate 30 percent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, according to the U.S. Industrial and commercial facility owners have long recognized the role doors play in the battle against energy loss by installing heavy panel sliding doors inside the building, and sectional garage-style doors on exterior walls. Just standing guard at the doorway may not be enough when traffic demands a door that opens and closes often.
These findings follow up on research from 2012 on the relationship of high-speed doors to the provisions of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 90.1, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-rise Residential Buildings, for non-residential buildings. The DASMA research revealed a new perspective in evaluating door energy efficiency and took into consideration common U-factor, air leakage, and motor horsepower values in a comparison of high-speed doors to conventionally operating insulated doors. For purposes of the test, a 10-second hold-open time—typical for a high-speed door—was factored into the equation.
While 55 cycles is the minimum, high-speed doors are typically specified for applications requiring 75 to 100 daily cycles. The bottom line is, no matter how well insulated and tightly sealed a door may be, neither matters if the door is rarely closed because of frequent use. High-speed doors are excellent at controlling air exchange—the air flowing through an opening when a door is not fully closed. Inside the cold storage distribution center there is a significant temperature differential between the freeze area and the dock. U-factor, along with air leakage when the door is closed, is not enough to evaluate high-speed doors for energy performance.
Built for speed and not for bulk, high-speed doors cannot meet previously prescriptive U-factor requirements, which pertain to the rate at which a door conducts non-solar heat flow.
Earlier versions of the codes required a lower U-factor than 1.2, and did not include the building trade off provision they include now.
Beginning with the upcoming 2015 edition, IECC recognizes the contribution of high-speed doors to energy conservation. Besides providing high-speed door definition for compliance, the code incorporates the maximum air leakage requirement, which is only one aspect of the big energy picture involving high-speed doors. Based on the test conditions, a high-speed door becomes more energy efficient versus a conventional door after 55 cycles.
Now, when a high-speed door is specified for a building, the door should comply with the new performance standard set for high-speed doors. High-speed doors at this ultra-clean facility are tied into their system to open just when their automated material handling vehicles reach the doorways as they travel room to room. Unlike heavily insulated doors, the lightweight panels and roll-up design put less strain on operating parts and require lower horsepower (HP) drives. Door manufacturers should also supply the annualized energy performance of the door compared to a conventionally operating insulated door to assure the owner the result is a top energy-performing product. A building is more than a box, and certainly is not designed to contain all the energy generated inside the facility.
This entry was posted in 08 00 00 Openings, B20?Exterior Vertical Enclosures, B2050?Exterior Doors and Grilles, Features, MasterFormat, UniFormat and tagged Cycles, Division 08, High-performance high-speed doors, Sustainability on February 3, 2015 by Katie Daniel. Bring your equestrian facility to the next level with these stunning RA¶wer & RA?b windows, doors and gates.
Since the profiled tubular section frames are produced of one piece, vulnerable weld seams are not necessary. Our gates are custom built to suit your needs.They are available in all sizes, colors and designs. Color and shape of the boardings play an important role for the overall impression of the gate.
Especially in the case of large gate openings and narrow room conditions, sliding gates are a practical solution. Runner rails and rolling devices will be delivered including bottom guidance and wall holder. The interior door infill consists of water-tight, foil-coated multiplex board and the exterior door infill of profiled timber, vertically lined, primed two times.
With regard to doors, you can always rely on the proven quality and workmanship of Rower & Rub. The toughened safety glass of the upper door can be tilted for ventilation and on the inside be optionally equipped with a traversable protective grill. No vulnerable weld seams are needed for the surrounding tubular section which is made of one piece. The interior door infill consists of a water-resistant, foil-coated multiplex board, of profiled timber on the outside, vertically lined, primed two times. Independent of whether the door is used by horses, it can be adapted to other doors and gates of the building - even if it has to have entirely different dimensions. Herringbone, diagonal or vertical boarding or door complete with wood - without safety glass.
Insulating glazing, rhombus window, traversable overhead lights or windows with bars - everything is possible.
Every window of RA¶wer & RA?b is equipped with a tilt and turn function which is easy to handle.
As is the case for gates and doors, special tubular sections are used for windows as well - produced of one piece, no weld seams. Since 6 mm toughened safety glass is used, protective grills are not needed and are rather a matter of taste. No matter whether straight or round arch windows, galvanised or powder-coated, standard or custom-made design - every window of Rower & Rub is equipped with a tilt and turn function which is easy to handle. Even though a paddock, which connects directly to the stall, increases the comfort of a system, it has to meet highest safety standards. With instant water regulation: easy water quantity regulation without tools under the tongue.
The scope of delivery includes a ventilation valve, a pressure relief valve, a non-return valve and a non-return flap. With return temperature control for the reduction of power consumption: The required return temperature of water can be set with a control dial at the device.
The entire stand is placed in bottom sleeves which are encased in advance in the ground in concrete.
Call Kaiser for all your Rower & Rub Building Fittings and Accessories needs in the United States. In addition to these twenty-three options we also offer hundreds of options in glass design, sidelights and even arched doors.
Having two elements adds a touch of cohesion and will make your home stand out with elegance.
You can however use the method for any style shed, and it requires siding your shed with 4'x8' siding panels like T1-11 or 'Smartside' siding panels.
You will need to mark the location of the top corner of your hinge assembly by taking one of your 16d nails and nailing it directly through your door siding. We are going to mark the top cut along the top of the door, and down along the middle of your hinge boards.
There's nothing like the feeling of beholding your kid children smile knowing that they are happy. For more how to's visit http Bob meets with contractor Bob Ryley who outlines the door construction action and builds the first of septet doors. This is really easy if you are siding your shed with the smartside siding panels, or planning on siding over OSB sheets with some sort of lap siding.
If you decide that you want a shed ramp on this shed, as I mentioned earlier, the panels we have for the doors will have to have the bottoms trimmed off so that the panels when opened and shut will clear the top of the shed ramp.For this example, we will figure on cutting the panels off for a ramp. These doors will be easier to build using exterior grade 1.5" screws, screwing from the back of the panels into the front 2x4's and 2x6's.
Silicone or latex caulk should be added to all upper horizontal surfaces and all vertical surfaces.
High-speed doors also add airflow control, lower maintenance costs, and efficient material-handling benefits. Though most of these structures feature vast, open spaces, doors can also lead to and from docks, the warehouse, laboratories, and packaging areas. The kind of large doorways found in these facilities also handle traffic in places such as automobile dealerships, warehouses, parking garages, maintenance facilities for large equipment, and mass-transit bus-barns. In 2012, a number of major manufacturers formed the LEED Manufacturing User Group to share resources, expertise, and best practices. These improvements to the bottom line exist because buildings, particularly older structures, are a major consumer of energy for heating and cooling, and retrofitting or changing elements can help this. Since each represents a hole in the building envelope that provides an escape route for energy every time traffic goes in and out of a room or the building.
Both conventional styles are heavily insulated for high R-value, but tend to be slow-moving, impeding traffic that must almost always beat the clock. This high-speed door enables rapid access to the facility, while minimizing the time customers need to wait to access the building.
A recent report, “High Speed Doors and Thermal Performance,” commissioned by the Door and Access Systems Manufacturers Association’s (DASMA’s) High-performance Door Division, explains that today’s industrial and commercial buildings can have high door speed, while saving energy at the same time. After nearly two years of research featuring third-party lab testing, DASMA developed a method to demonstrate the efficiency of high-speed doors in building envelope energy calculations.
Overall, the group noted high-speed doors are the type of product that can significantly help achieve energy saving goals. The study showed high-speed doors become more efficient when cycled 55 or more times per day.
It should be noted, conventional doors typically do not use an automatic closing device to regulate door opening time, and operation is based on user door activation. Thus, the doors studied demonstrate superior overall energy efficiency when meeting the demand for high-cycle operation in a building.
High-speed doors, in addition to providing rapid access, also contribute to the thermal efficiency of a building through dynamic thermal performance characteristics when the door is not closed. The high-speed doors in this facility minimize air infiltration to lower their operating costs. Without these changes, high-speed doors would not be able to meet the lower U-factor requirements. Since many state and municipal governments require code compliance, the addition of high-speed doors offers a different approach to achieving significant energy savings and efficiency while providing additional flexibility to builders and building management. Code users are likely aware of the conventional wisdom surrounding the importance of door assembly air leakage as well as U-factor.
For example, in the Energy and Atmosphere (EA) category, this door style can contribute to Credit 2, Minimum Energy Performance, and for the Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ), credits can be earned for Credit 1, Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance. With this in mind, the manufacturer should be able to supply the opening and closing speeds, as well as U-factor and air leakage performance values, and should be able to make a more accurate assessment of doorway need based on actual or projected usage.
Most users and potential users are already aware of the lower maintenance required by high-speed doors.
For example, when a slow, solid panel door is hit it can be misaligned or, even worse, the door can be taken out of action and the doorway left exposed.


Having building codes up to speed with the high-speed doors leads to design professionals and building owners thinking differently about how doors can contribute to sealing up the building envelope. Each building is a hub of activity facilitated by doors that get out of the way when traffic barrels through. Watkins is vice president of marketing at Rytec High Performance Doors, a manufacturer of high-speed, high-performance doors for industrial, commercial, food and beverage, and controlled-temperature environments. Make use of the many years of experience of our employees to select the gate which suits your needs best. Sliding gate models are available in hot-dip galvanised, powder-coated or straight design or with a segmental arch. Various door boarding possibilities available such as Herringbone, diagonal or vertical boarding and door complete with hardwood - without safety glass. Our windows are available in the following designs and in various dimensions: Straight or with a round arch, galvanized or powder-coated.
The flap will be lifted for regulation and the following water will either be set or be totally shut off by turning the regulating screw. If the return temperature falls below the set value, the supply temperature will be increased. We offer the rustic style in a wide variety of our products such as front doors, patio doors, Dutch doors, and even garage doors. You can put 4' doors on your shed, but down the road you may need a bigger opening.Perhaps you may get a mower in the future that has a 54" cut! You can use a chalk line for this marking (preferred method), or take a straight 2x4 and mark along the edge of it from the nail all the way down to bottom of the hinge middle, and then from the nail over to the top edge of your inside 2x4 door member. Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information and design, the user is ultimately responsible for the use of this information.
Lay aside internal space and showcase your DIY skills by building a sliding room access from reclaimed building materials. It doesn't matter.Ok, lets say with this 10' wall you want your door on the right side 1' away from the corner. Although much of this consumption is necessary, with extreme temperatures more common with each passing year, energy demand will increase.
In some cases, doors comprise half of the total wall surface—no matter how tightly a building seals its doorways, air infiltration will still happen.
The model for performance testing and evaluation was a prototypical, high-speed fabric door.
Existing ASHRAE and International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) standards assume these doors are open only an insignificant amount of time, but real-world experience shows otherwise. U-factor), air leakage, and door power usage into consideration, air exchange can be the most significant part ?of the total energy loss for a door, depending on the application. Now, the codes recognize high-speed doors contribute to energy saving by keeping the opening closed as much as possible.
Together, these parameters are critical considerations when evaluating insulated doors, including those that are conventionally automated. The high-speed door industry is anticipating findings of the DASMA study will make professionals involved with LEED projects more aware of the contribution rapid operating doors in these and other categories. High speed itself means material-handling vehicles rarely catch up with the moving panel to hit it.
Careful analysis of each doorway by a door supplier will determine what style of door to specify to ensure the doorway provides the proper balance of protection and access, and at the same time enables use of every Btu generated by a building’s HVAC system.
Watkins has consulted to the industrial and durable goods industry and has held management positions in marketing, business development, and new product development. Balanced Match a€” Two or more veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) to make up a single face. It is understood that we fulfill all your special requests such as overhead lights, web screens and various wood in-fills. Made of galvanized or additionally powder-coated steel they are weather-resistant and stand out for their durability. Since the bars are simply connected with flat iron, individual elements are formed which can be easily screwed between posts. Please note that which ever door overlaps you'll want to line up the 2x4 right on the vertical edge. All information provided is copyrighted and cannot be duplicated without the permission of Shedking.
Welcome to the Sweets woodwind build wood screen door door building merchandise resource center.
Mrs Using the right mouse push button on a wood door leave shift it from build wood door frame one It will likewise make practice of redstone or switches far more difficult. What ever you decide on this measurement, it should remain the same all around your shed.If you are just using osb, your first osb panel will be attached to the wall framing so that your panel edge is even with your middle of the door mark.
Otherwise your silicone will not take latex based paint and will have to be painted with an oil based paint.Another option I like to add to my sheds is an angled metal threshold strip on top of the floor right on the front edge. When it comes to buildings, wasted energy means lost profits and loss of control over the interior environment. High-speed doors must be flexible at the jambs to allow for both speed and movement during operation. If they do, many of these doors have a quick reset feature to put the panel back in its track and the door back into operation. It is important to remember when a door is disabled and the panels are damaged, energy loss will be considerable. Bar a€” A narrow, horizontal, vertical, or diagonal wood member extending the total length or width of a glazed opening, used to separate individual pieces of glazing. On request, adequate supply of fresh air is provided by means of an integrated ventilation flap. It is not going to cost you that much more, so my advice is to go ahead and build the biggest door you can. The other door has the vertical 2x4 lined up just to the other side of the groove so that when your doors are fully assembled and on your shed, they will overlap properly when closed and the 2x4 vertical members will not interfere with the closing. Using one of three classical patterns batten layered operating theatre joined you can build angstrom potent sturdy beautiful wooden dock capital of Vanuatu and carpenter Bob Ryley demonstrate how to.
You can use any position on the wall you like).Here's what the framing for this wall will look like with 16" on center wall studs, and the wall is 7' tall.
To make things easier for you, a temporary board can be nailed on to the rim joist or band board so that your siding panels rest on this board. Smart building owners and managers focus on sealing up every crack in the building envelope. 6' is great, 5'is ok, and 4' I don't even recommend.Now, grab 2 of your siding sheets and lay them out on a flat surface so that the edges overlap, just the way they would if you had just closed your shed doors and the inside edges overlapped and made a light free closure. Nail this panel to the wall framing along the header edge, and the jack stud of the door framing. Because the "tighta€? and "loosea€? sides alternate in adjacent veneer leaves, they may accept stain or reflect light differently, resulting in a noticeable but acceptable color variation. Beveled Edge a€” An edge of the door which forms an angle of less than 90 degrees with the face of the door, such as a 3 degree beveled edge. Bird Peck a€” A mark or wound in a tree or piece of wood caused by birds pecking on the growing tree in search of insects.
Blended Repair Tapering a€” A repair referring to end splits, repaired with wood or filler similar in color to blend well with adjacent wood. Blind Mortise and Tenon a€” A method of construction of stile and rail wood doors where openings are machined into, but not through the stiles and where the ends of the rails are so machined as to fit these openings.
Blocking a€” A material used to replace core material in specific locations to provide improved screw holding for the attachment of hardware. Blocking is only required where the screw holding power of the core is less than required by the applicable performance duty level. Bonded Core a€” Stiles and rails (edge bands) are securely glued to the core prior to application of crossbanding, three ply skins, veneers or laminate. Book Match a€” Adjacent leaves of veneer from a flitch or log are opened like a book and spliced to make up the face with matching occurring at the spliced joints. The fibers of the wood, slanting in opposite directions in the adjacent leaves, create a characteristic light and dark effect when the surface is seen from an angle.
Bow a€” A flat wise deviation from a straight line drawn from top to bottom; a curvature along the length of the door. Brashness a€” A condition of wood characterized by a low resistance to shock and by abrupt failure across the grain without splintering.
Resistance may be rated as resistant to medium power, high power, or high power small arms and high power rifles. Burl a€” A swirl, twist or distortion in the grain of the wood, which usually occurs near a knot or crotch. Burl, Blending a€” A swirl, twist or distortion in the grain of the wood which usually occurs near a knot or crotch but does not contain a knot and does not contain abrupt color variation.
Butt Joint a€” A joint formed by square edge surfaces (ends, edges, and faces) coming together; end butt joint, edge butt joint. Cathedral Grain a€” A grain appearance characterized by a series of stacked and inverted "V"s, or cathedral type of springwood (earlywood) summerwood (latewood) patterns common in plain sliced (flat cut) veneer (see split heart). Center Match a€” An even number of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched with a joint in the center of the panel to achieve horizontal symmetry. Certified Wood a€” Wood products that have been qualified by an independent third party agency as satisfying their proprietary requirements for responsible environmental practices. Chatter a€” Line appearing across the face at right angles to the grain giving the appearance of one or more corrugations resulting from bad setting of sanding equipment.
Checks a€” Small slits running parallel to grain wood, caused chiefly by strains produced in seasoning and drying. Clustered a€” When a defect described in the grading rule is sufficient in number and sufficiently close together to appear to be concentrated in one area. Comb Grain a€” A quality of rift cut veneer with exceptionally straight grain and closely spaced growth increments resembling the appearance of long stands of combed hair.
Compatible a€” When relating door edge to face appearance, the edge may not be the same species as the face; however, it may be similar in overall color, grain, character and contrast as the face (See Matching Edge Band). Component (Of Face Veneer) a€” An individual piece of veneer or leaf that is joined to other pieces to achieve a full length and width face.
These cellulosic elements can appear in the form of, but are not limited to: distinct fibers, fiber bundles, particles, wafers, flakes, strands and veneers. Coped Construction a€” The end of rails, mullions, muntins or bars so machined that they will fit and cover the contour of the sticking. For typical constructions see: Particleboard Core, Medium Density Fiberboard Core, Structural Composite Lumber Core, Staved Lumber Core, Laminated Veneer Lumber Core, Fire Resistant Composite Core and other special core types. Cross Bar (Veneer) a€” Irregularity of grain resembling a dip in the grain running at right angles, or nearly so, to the length of the veneer. Such breaks may be due to internal strains resulting from unequal longitudinal shrinkage, or to external forces. Cross Figures a€” A series of naturally occurring figure effects characterized by mild or dominant patterns across the grain in some faces. For example, a washboard effect occurs in fiddle-back cross figure; and cross wrinkles occur in the mottle figure.
Crossbanding a€” A ply placed between the core and face veneer in 5-ply construction or a ply placed between the back and face of a 3-ply skin in 7-ply construction, typically of hardwood veneer or engineered wood product. Cup a€” A deviation from a straight line drawn from side to side; a curvature along the width of the door.
Dead Knots (Open Knots) a€” Openings where a portion of the wood knot has dropped out or where cross checks have occurred to present an opening. Defect, Open a€” Checks, splits, open joints, knotholes, cracks, loose knots, wormholes, gaps, voids, or other opening interrupting the smooth continuity of the wood surface. Delamination a€” Separation of plies or layers of wood or other material through failure of the adhesive bond. Some common veneer stains are sap stains, blue stains, stain produced by chemical action caused by the iron in the cutting knife coming into contact with the tannic acid in the wood, and those resulting from the chemical action of the glue. Door Frame a€” A group of components (wood, aluminum or steel) that are assembled to form an enclosure and support for a door. Door, Combination a€” A door assembly of stiles and rails that will include multiple door types within a single door.
Door, French a€” A door assembly of stiles and rails (and possibly muntins and bars) surrounding a single or multiple glazed opening.
Door, Louver a€” A door assembly of stiles and rails where the interior is filled with slat or chevron louvers. Doweled Construction a€” A method of construction of stile and rail wood doors where holes are machined into, but not through, the stiles and where matching holes are machined into the ends of the rails. Doze a€” A form of incipient decay characterized by dull and lifeless appearance of the wood, accompanied by a lack of strength and softening of the wood.
Engineered Construction a€” A method of constructing a wood stile and rail door that minimizes the use of solid lumber components.
Stiles, rails and mullions have solid lumber edges only (where visible), and have face veneers over a composite core. Engineered Materials a€” A general term used to describe any wood or plant fiber composite panel.
Typically they are made from wood or plant fiber or wood pieces and have specific quality requirements. The peeled veneer leaves are dyed to a specified color, and then glued together in a mold to produce a large laminated block. The block is then sliced into leaves of veneer with a designed appearance that is highly repeatable.
Face Width a€” The total width of the stile, rail or panel minus the width of the moulding patterns. Few a€” A small number of characteristics without regard to their arrangement in the panel Fill (Putty Repairs) a€” A repair to an open defect usually made with fast drying plastic putty.
The repairs should be well made with non-shrinking putty of a color matching the surrounding area of the wood, to be flat and level with the face and panel, and to be sanded after application and drying. Finger Joint a€” A series of interlocking fingers precision cut on the ends of two pieces of wood which mesh together and are held rigidly in place with adhesive. Fire Resistant Composite Core a€” A core, typically incorporating minerals rather than wood fiber as the primary component, designed to improve fire resistance and thermal transmission, Flake a€” See Fleck, Ray. Fleck, Ray (Flake) a€” Portion of a ray as it appears on the quartered or rift cut surface.


Flitch a€” A complete bundle of veneer sheets laid together in sequence as they are cut from a given log or section of log. Gaps a€” Open slits in the inner ply or plies or improperly joined veneer when joined veneers are used for inner plies. Glass Stop a€” A small wood moulding (bead) applied to the perimeter of glazed openings to secure the glazing materials within a door. Grain Slope a€” Expression of the angle of the grain to the long edges of the veneer component. Grain Sweep a€” Expression of the angle of the grain to the long edges of the veneer component over a 12 inch (300 mm) length from each end of the door.
Gum Pockets a€” Well-defined opening between rings of annual growth containing gum or evidence of prior gum accumulations. Gum Spots & Streaks a€” Gum or resinous material of color spots caused by prior resin accumulations sometimes found on panel surfaces.
Half-round a€” A method of veneer cutting similar to rotary cutting, except that the piece being cut is secured to a "stay log" a device that permits the cutting of the log on a wider sweep than when mounted with its center secured in the lathe to produce rotary sliced veneer.
Hardwood a€” General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from temperate zone deciduous or tropical broad-leaved trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from trees which are usually needle bearing or coniferous. Heartwood a€” The non-active center of a tree generally distinguishable from the outer portion (sapwood) by its darker color. Indentations a€” Areas in the face that have been compressed as the result of residue on the platens of the hot press or handling damages. Intumescent a€” A material that expands when exposed to extreme heat or fire to fill any gap between the door and frame or between doors.
Kiln-Dried a€” Lumber dried in a closed chamber in which the removal of moisture is controlled by artificial heat and usually by controlled relative humidity. Can be determined by holding the surfaced board at an angle to a strong light source and counting the visible ridges per inch, usually perpendicular to the profile.
Knife Marks a€” Very fine lines that appear across the panel veneer or wood solids that can look as though they are raised resulting from some defect in the lathe knife that cannot be removed with sanding. Knot a€” Cross section of tree branch or limb with grain usually running at right angles to that of the piece of wood in which it occurs. Knot Holes a€” Voids produced when knots drop from the wood in which they were originally embedded. Knots, Open (Knot Holes) a€” Openings where a portion of the wood substance of the knot was dropped out, or where cross checks have occurred to produce an opening.
Knots, Sound Tight a€” Knots that are solid across their face and fixed by growth to retain their place.
Laminated Veneer Lumber Core (LVLC) a€” Manufactured by laminating veneer with all grain laid-up parallel. Lap (Veneer) a€” A condition where the pieces of veneer are so misplaced that one piece overlaps the other and does not make a smooth joint.
Lock Block a€” A concealed block the same thickness as the door stile or core which is adjacent to the stile at a location corresponding to the lock location and into which a lock is fitted. Loose Side a€” In knife-cut veneer, that side of the sheet that was in contact with the knife as the veneer was being cut, and containing cutting checks (lathe checks) because of the bending of the wood at the knife edge. Louver a€” A panel constructed of wood or metal slats installed in an opening to allow light, air and noise. Common types are slat and Chevron a€“ an inverted "Va€? wood louver (vented or non-vented). Low Pressure Decorative Laminate a€” A decorative surface paper that is saturated with reactive resins.
During hot press lamination, the resin flows into the surface of the substrate, creating a hard crosslinked thermosetting permanent bond and permanently changing the characteristics of both the paper and the board. Matching Edge Band (ME) a€” An edge band that is the same species or laminate pattern as the face veneer.
Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) a€” The generic name for a panel or core manufactured from lignocellulosic fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder and bonded together under heat and pressure in a hot press by a process in which the added binder creates the entire bond. Medium Density Overlay (MDO) a€” Typically MDO is kraft paper saturated with resin and cured under high heat and pressure to make a hard, smooth, paintable surface.
Membrane (Bladder) Pressed Pane a€”Insert panel produced by moulding to profile a wood or composite core (usually MDF or particleboard) then pressing veneer to the core using a flexible pressing surface.
Mineral Stain a€” Olive and greenish-black streaks believed to designate areas of abnormal concentration of mineral matter; common in hard maple, hickory, and basswood.
Mortise and Tenon a€”See "Blind Mortise and Tenona€? Moulding (Inlay) a€”Profiled wood trim pieces that surround the perimeter of panels or glazing, but does not protrude above the surface of the surrounding stiles and rails. Moulding (Overlay) a€” Profiled wood trim pieces that surround the perimeter of panels or glazing, and protrudes above the surface of the surrounding stiles and rails. Muntin a€”A short bar, either horizontal or vertical, used to separate individual pieces of glazing material, but which does not extend the full width or length of the glazed opening. Neutral Pressure a€” A fire door test procedure where the neutral pressure plane is near the top of the door.
Nominal a€” A term that designates a stated dimension as being approximate and subject to allowances for variation. Non-Bonded Core a€” Stiles and rails (edge bands) are not glued to the core prior to face materials.
Occasional a€” A small number of characteristics that are arranged somewhat diversely within the face.
Panel, Flat a€” A door panel in which the perimeter does not contain a machined profile (panel raise). Constructed with veneer on the face and a composite core for a stained finish, or MDF for a painted finish. Panel, Raised a€” A door panel whose faces are raised above the perimeter and whose edges are shaped to fit into grooves in the stiles, rails and mullions. These panels are typically bladder pressed or rim banded for a stained finish or MDF for a painted finish. Particleboard a€” A panel or core product composed of small particles of wood and wood fiber that are bonded together with synthetic resin adhesives in the presence of heat and pressure.
Patches a€” Matching wood pieces carefully inserted and glued into the door face after defective portions have been removed.
Plain Sliced a€” Veneer sliced parallel to the pith of the log and approximately tangent to the growth rings to achieve flat cut veneer. Plain sliced veneer can be cut using either a horizontal or vertical slicing machine or by the half-round method using a rotary lathe. Also known as flat cut Plank Matched a€” A face containing specially selected and assembled dissimilar (in color, grain and width) veneer strips of the same species, and sometimes grooved at the joints between strips, to simulate lumber planking. Pleasing Match a€” A face containing components, which provide a pleasing overall appearance. Ply a€” A single sheet of veneer or several strips laid with adjoining edges that may or may not be glued, which forms one veneer lamination in a glued panel.
In some constructions, a ply is used to refer to other wood components such as particleboard or MDF.Positive Pressure a€” A fire door test procedure where the neutral pressure plane is located at 40 inches (1 m) above the sill.
Quartered (Quarter-sliced, Quarter Cut) a€” Veneer produced by cutting in a radial direction to the pith to achieve a straight (vertical) grain pattern. In some species, principally red oak and white oak, ray fleck is produced, the amount of which may be unlimited. Rail, Bottom a€” The bottom rail of a stile and rail door Rail, Intermediate a€” A rail, other than the top and bottom rail, used to separate panels, or to separate panels from glazing materials in a combination door. Random Matched (Mismatched) a€” A face containing veneer strips of the same species which are selected and assembled without regard to color or grain, resulting in variations, contrasts and patterns of color and grain. Ray a€” Ribbon-shaped strand of tissue extending in a radial direction across the grain, so oriented that the face of the ribbon is exposed as a fleck on the quarter surface. Repairs, Blending a€” Wood or filler insertions similar in color to adjacent wood so as to blend well.
Rift Cut a€” Veneer produced by cutting at a slight right angle to the radial to produce a parallel grain pattern and quartered appearance without excessive ray fleck. Rim Banded (Mitered) Panel a€” Insert panel with a solid lumber edge banded around the core then veneered and profiled. Rotary Cut a€” Veneer produced by centering the entire log in a lathe and turning it against a broad cutting knife. Rough Cut a€” Irregular shaped areas of generally uneven corrugation on the surface of veneer.
Running Match a€” The veneer face is made from components running through the flitch consecutively. Any portion of the component left over from a face is used as the beginning component or leaf in starting the next veneer face. Ruptured Grain a€” A break or breaks in the grain or between springwood and summerwood caused or aggravated by excessive pressure on the wood by seasoning, manufacturing, or natural processes. Ruptured grain appears as a single or series of distinct separations in the wood such as when springwood is crushed leaving the summerwood to separate in one or more growth increments. Safety Glazing Materials a€” Glazing materials so constructed, treated or combined with other material as to minimize the likelihood of cutting or piercing injuries resulting from human contact with the material.
Shake a€” A separation along the grain of wood in which the greater part occurs between the rings of annual growth. Sharp Contrast a€” For the purpose of this standard, this term means the veneer of lighter than average color should not be joined at the edges with veneer of darker than average color, and that two adjacent pieces of veneer should not be widely dissimilar in grain, figure and natural character markings. Shims a€” A split repaired in a piece of wood veneer, preferably from the same piece of veneer from which the face is made to ensure good color and grain match.
The grain running in the same direction as the split to be inconspicuous to the naked eye, and free of any gaps where the shim joins the veneer.
Skin a€” The face layer of a flush or stile and rail door, whether flat or configured, which is used for facings for flush wood doors. Sliced a€” Veneer produced by thrusting a log or sawed flitch into a slicing machine, which shears off veneer in sheets. Slight a€” Visible on observation, but does not interfere with the overall aesthetic appearance.
Slip Matched a€” A sheet from a flitch is slid across the sheet beneath and, without turning, spliced at the joint.
Sound Transmission Class (STC) a€” A single number rating system derived from measured values of sound transmission loss or the acoustical performance of a building element, such as a door, window or wall. The higher the STC value, the better the rating and the better the acoustical performance value.
A cathedral type figure must be achieved by a single component in AA grade; the split heart method is allowed in grades A and B. Each half of a split heart shall be subject to the minimum component width requirements for grade A and B faces.
Splits, Hairline a€” A perceptible separation or absence of wood fiber running parallel with the grain. Standard Door a€” By industry practice, a standard door is book size in both width and height. Sticking a€” A profile machined on to the edges of stiles, rails, mullions, muntins or bars, adjacent to the panels, glazing materials or louvers.
Structural Composite Lumber Core (SCLC) a€” An engineered wood product that is made by fusing a network of wood strands together with a water-resistant adhesive to produce a strong, solid and stable product that has true structural properties with excellent screw holding properties and very high split resistance. Sweep a€” See Grain Tape a€” Strips of gummed paper used to hold the edges of the veneer together at the joints prior to gluing.
Tight Side a€” In knife-cut veneer, that side of the sheet that was farthest from the knife as the sheet was being cut and containing no cutting checks (lathe checks).
Twist a€” A deviation in which one or two corners of the door are out of plane with the other corners of the door. Veneer (wood) a€” A thin sheet of wood, rotary cut, sliced, or sawed from a log, bolt, or flitch. Veneered Construction a€” See Engineered Construction Vine Streaks (Mark.) a€” Scars in the wood generally caused by the stems of clinging vines or by their hair-like roots, which cling to the tree trunk.
Dead vine streaks contain either dead residue of the vine, or the remaining pocket similar to bark pocket.
Most vine streaks run across the grain, and therefore, all vine streaks are considered defects in accordance with restrictions described in veneer grading rules. Warp a€” Any distortion in the plane of a door itself and not its relationship to the frame or jamb in which it is to be hung.
Cup-A deviation from a straight line drawn from side to side; a curvature along the width of the door. Twist-A deviation in which one or two corners of the door are out of plane with the other corners of the door.
White a€” When referring to color and matching, veneers containing all sapwood, ranging in color from pink to yellow. Wood Filler a€” An aggregate of resin and strands, shreds, or flour of wood, which is used to fill openings in wood and provide a smooth, durable surface. Wood Flush Door a€” An assembly consisting of a core and one or more edge bands, with 2 plies of wood veneer with laminate, wood, or wood derivative on each side.
All parts are composed of wood, wood derivatives, fire resistant composites or decorative laminates. Often appear as sound discolorations running with or across the grain in straight to wavy streaks. Sometimes referred to as a€?pith flecksa€™ in certain species of maple, birch and other hardwoods because of a resemblance to the color of pith. The Language of DoorsBelow are some additional terms which have been used to describe windows or doors or their component parts. These definitions are not included in current industry standards.Bark a€” Areas of fiber from outside a tree.
Chalk a€” White or other color chalk marks used by mills for some form of identification marking defects for repair.
Chicken tracks a€” Expression for scars which give the particular effect of a chicken's footprint.



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