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UK Building Regulations are prepared by the Department of the Environment and approved by the Secretary of State. Statutory Building Regulations apply to loft conversions where is structural change, even new flooring. The finished loft plans are submitted to the Local Authority for examination against minimum requirements. Providing 2 days notice to allow the Building Control Surveyor to visit the site and inspect work as it progresses. The key elements of fire safety legislation include adequate detection, means of escape, suitable access and prevention of spread. The loft needs to withstand fire for 30 minutes so occupants and emergency services can evacuate and enter from windows.
The loft floor needs to provide 30 minute fire resistance and in some circumstances the staircase may.If close to a boundary wall, then dormer cheeks and gable ends might need to meet fire specifications.
Ventilation provides clean air into a living environment and vents moist or stale air that would otherwise cause condensation.The required window opening(s) size relates to floor area, and background ventilation (trickle vents) have volume measurements.
Ventilation is also needed under the roof tiles to prevent condensation that would rot timbers. StairsAccess to the loft is via a fixed flight of stairs and we always carefully consider the design of stairs as many rules apply because they provide a means safe access and of escape.
Enclosed staircases (often built between 2 bedrooms) need walls with 30 minute fire resistance.Stairs must not exceed a pitch of 42 degrees and have maximum and minimum rules on risers (vertical) and goings (horizontal) elements. Two metres headroom is needed on stairs - taken from the outermost point of the stair (lip) and lowest parallel point of ceiling above.
Where this is not possible, the rules allow for reduced headroom based on half width of stair having 1.9 metres. Building Regulations give practical guidance to comply with performance standards set out in various regulations. DisclaimerPlease note that this information is intended only as a summary guide only and not a basis for making decisons on. Boarshurst LoftsAdding space and value to your home.Call 0800 505 3414 to discuss our design and construction services. One of the main themes in conversation between residents of the Lammas Project is how to approach the legal issues and contradictory building regulations that the community is tangled up in right now.
The Lammas Project had to apply for planning permission in order to build on the land they had purchased before any of the smallholding leases were created - according to its founders, the aim of the project was to go about creating an intentional ecovillage with recognition from the legal system from the very beginning, in order to enact changes from within it. Lammas faced a lot of opposition from the Welsh assembly government and from residents of the area, who feared that the project would draw "dirty hippies" who would sit around all day and do no work, or who were simply looking for a way to get land for selfish purposes on the cheap. Pont y Gafel farm, which has been here for 1,000 years (according to Ayres - I am amazed by the idea) sold the 72-acre parsel because the current owner is a devout Christian; she believed that the Lammas project was a good way to provide stewardship to land that was essentially a monocultural green grass desert. What's happening here is a prime example of a cutting-edge project that has ridden a new law into territory that all other existing laws do not yet have the ability to accomodate.
People often seem to frame this as a struggle between Lammas and the law, but really it's just a new relationship that has yet to bear fruit. The Nobel Prize currently recognizes significant international contributions in categories of Peace, Physics, Chemistry, Medicine and Literature. Above photos from the respective floors of the New York Stock Exchange and the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Adding a UPVC porch to your front of your property is another great home improvement providing a secure protective barrier on your property that helps keep precious heat in and cold air out meaning better energy efficiency . There is a vast choice of window and doors styles as well as panel and glazing designs including bevel glass designs to choose from. Theres a choice of roof shapes, from tiled sloping and hipped styles to the traditional flat roof. In addition to options for your frame colours, door and glass types, there are many more ways you can customise your new upvc porch, whether the priority is to harmonise with the architecture of your home or reflect your personal taste.
A6 Windows is committed to providing the finest products available, we will never compromise on the quality of our products or our workmanship. This approved document gives guidance for compliance with the Building Regulations for building work carried out in England.
Despite there being requirements in the Building Regulations which seem to suggest that all materials need to be rubber-stamped by Brussels, unpicking the relevant clauses show this not to be the case provided the materials are fit for purpose. 1.7 If the declared performance of a product is suitable for its intended use, the building control body should not prohibit or impede the use of the product.
1.15 There are many independent product certification schemes in the UK and elsewhere that may provide information on the performance of a product. 1.17 Where there is no relevant harmonised European standard, tests, calculations or other means may be used to demonstrate that the material can perform the function for which it is intended. 1.18 Past experience, such as use in an existing building, may show that the material can perform the function for which it is intended.
1.19 Under regulation 46 of the Building Regulations, local authorities have the power to take samples as necessary to establish whether materials to be used in building work comply with the provisions of the regulations.
1.20 Regulation 46 does not apply to any work specified in an initial notice or to any work for which a final certificate has been given by an approved inspector and accepted by the local authority. The foregoing clauses seem to cover reclaimed building materials such as reclaimed bricks, reclaimed stone, reclaimed roof slates and tiles, reclaimed flagstones, reclaimed timber, reclaimed beams, reclaimed flooring. Although the materials and products themselves may be fit for purpose, other clauses in the Building Regulations may make their reuse non-compliant in certain instances.
Private consumers undertaking DIY reuse of architectural salvage and reclaimed building materials are usually less affected by fitness for purpose clauses than institutional consumers and mainstream construction reusers.

Salvo Code members agree to supply, in effect, to a self-declared standard in terms of chain of custody and toxicity, but not for a product's performance. PRIVACY: Salvo Llp respects your privacy and will not share your email address with anyone. Any amendments (exceptionally rarely with us) are notified and plans modified before Approval. Plans and structural calculations can be requested and until full Plans Submission there is no Formal approval notice or certification.
These will be designed only for the current loadings and planned loading changes need checking so there will be no compromise to stability. The overall house structure is shown to demonstrate how loads are supported by walls down to foundations.
Originally, self-closing doors were required, but as they were often left propped open and of little practical use, 30 minute fire doors could be substituted. WC's, en-suites and bathrooms must achieve volume extraction and operating time overrun minimums. There is a minimum distance allowed between materials to allow air to flow freely up to and out of ridge vents.
Pull-down ladders are not acceptable.A fire door is needed at the top or bottom of the loft stairs.
This is due to standards rising over time which cover the U-values for walls, windows and roofs, and emphasis is put on reducing cold-spot potential around insulated areas and eliminating drafts.
It is not a substitute for discussing details of an individual loft with a professional surveyor. Lammas split up the land into nine 5-acre plots, a size determined by one of the founders, who calculated that if the Earth's arable land were split up equally between all people, every family could have five acres.
Don't ask anyone about it; just go ahead, build it, and then see what the damn inspectors are gonna do about it.
Do everything the building regulations would require; accomodate inspectors' every statement.
Go ahead and build, but as you go, allow the inspectors to see your progress and then choose to pursue exemptions only for certain issues. UPVC Porches also give your home the added high security of a second front door to prevent intruders and are often used as a convenient cloaks area.
And of course you can choose a window frame and door in brilliant white,mahogany, golden oak or rosewood to match the existing frame colour of your house.
A new document HM Government The Building Regulations 2010 Materials and workmanship Approved Document Regulation 7 2013 edition - for use in England will become law in July 2013 but this does not appear to change the legal position regarding reuse. It also applies to building work carried out on excepted energy buildings in Wales as defined in the Welsh Ministers (Transfer of Functions) (No. Such schemes certify that a material complies with the requirements of a recognised document and indicates it is suitable for its intended purpose and use. They also cover products of architectural salvage such as antique doors, antique baths, antique kitchens, antique lighting and antique staircases.
For example, doors may need to be of a certain fire resistance, baths may need an air gap between overflow and taps, beams may need to be of a certain strength, flagstones may need to be a certain evenness, and so on.
This may be because mainstream construction requires more in the way of warranties and guarantees which new construction materials suppliers can give but which the salvage trade cannot. UK consumer protection laws state that if a salvage yard sells bricks to a private customer those bricks must perform as bricks, irrespective of whether they are reclaimed or not. Change to the roof covering is also shown and considered, as are proposed notch and hole dimensions.
However, as doors are often left open one options we like to consider is fitting linked, mains powered smoke detectors (with battery back up) throughout a property. General building regulations also apply, such as those for drainage if a loft en suite is installed. We'll take care of everything, from base building and brickwork through to fitting the door, windows, decorative panels and roof. The New Building Regulations for England and Wales (introduced in April 2002) require all replacement windows to meet a minimum standard for thermal insulation.
Even if a supplier of reclaimed roof slates were to guarantee that his or her slates will last as long as a new equivalent it is unlikely that such a guarantee would be taken as seriously as a new Welsh roof slate supplier with a track record going back centuries and modern product liability insurance. In other words guarantees are given within the legal safeguards of consumer protection legislation, and salvage businesses cannot in law disclaim that liability. Regulations are subject to change and appropriate professionals, such as our architectural surveyors have the latest standards and information. We'll even match your existing brickwork and finish things off with guttering, drainpipes, internal plastering and any electrical work required.
NOTE: Materials which are not certified by an independent scheme might still conform to a relevant standard.
So fitness for purpose is built into consumer protection legislation - which is a point which may or may not be of interest to your local friendly building inspector.
The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH! Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments. The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later.

EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr. Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said. People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained. These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound.
Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant. We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments.
Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products. We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society. In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia.
They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories. The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results.
One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed.
However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure. One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem. Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility.
Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities. One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach.
Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour.
Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close. Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with. There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing.
In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants.
Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings. While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip.
If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects. Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery. He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime.
We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit. The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months. Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling. I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms.
Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.

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