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20.08.2014
Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3. In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters. A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him. As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far.
The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels.
As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her.
This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream.
But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for. Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door.
Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms.
The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times. So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia.
While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam. The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible.
I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera. So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded?
Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps.
Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence. After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996.
As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995).
It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife. 44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a. 49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?.
50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. GOFAR Services, LLC - Appliance Repair Houston, TX - Chapter 3DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR BASICS 3-1(a) "GREEN" PLUGSDON'T use them on refrigerators. While we like to think all the performers that appear on these pages present a blast of fresh air, Darlingside is exceptional. All four members met at Williams College in Williamstown, Mass., having sung together in one of the schoola€™s eight a cappella groups, the Octet, and at different times having taken the same songwriting course given by the esteemed Bernice Lewis. Don began performing at open mics at the boarding school he attended for high school and wrote songs with his roommate (remarkably, the song a€?Drowning Elvisa€? had its inception here). Harris Paseltiner was born in Evanston, Ill., and grew up in nearby Glencoe, north of Chicago, near Lake Michigan. With once-a-week cello recitals starting at age 6, Harris developed a stage presence early. His father became interested in a cappella singing when Dave was in middle school and early high school, so he also got into it. The formation of Darlingside was an evolutionary process that saw other talented student friends at Williams playing for awhile in different formats.
While a€?Blow the House Downa€? stood out as a favorite early on, as I listened to each song on EP 1 (2010) and Pilot Machines (2012) for analysis, it became harder and harder to favor any one song in particular. True to the banda€™s name, in a€?Good Man,a€? there are no easy phrases, no a€?darlingsa€? in here to describe the lingering addiction and loss of and separation from a difficult woman. For this listener, the violin-cello intro in a€?Surrounda€? is the first full introduction on this album to Darlingsidea€™s particular sound. In a€?The Catbird Seat,a€? an oft-requested song from Darlingsidea€™s fan base, therea€™s a gossamer poetry in the lyrics.
The symbol of a drowning man in a€?Drowning Elvisa€? serves to create an image of someone left for dead after the crash and burn of a relationship.
In Darlingsidea€™s debut effort, relationship dissolution gets a variety of innovative treatments a€” the group conducts a clinic on how to attack the subject melodically and lyrically from a number of angles. Darlingside collaborated with songwriter and gifted singer Heather Maloney to release the 2014 five-song EP Woodstock on Signature Sounds. Each week we will “travel” the globe to learn how different countries and families celebrate Christmas and the winter season.  As we visit each country we will experience their traditions through  music, arts, stories, and food. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies.
In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art.
Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door. Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone.
We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge. And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges.
Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook.
Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole. The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious.
The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade!
Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country! When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding.
After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures.
But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit? Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second.
Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas.
We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff.
When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark.
They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed.
I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers.
Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept.
In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista. Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p.
Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line.
After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art.
3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine. The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques.
The banda€™s sound, combining contemporary folk, chamber music, a cappella and rock a€™na€™ roll, permeates the atmosphere with a charged, electric quality, like an approaching storm. There, at her urging, they were taught to a€?kill your darlings,a€? those lyrics that come too easily, are too facile or a€?clever,a€? that get in the way of the forward movement of the piece.
At his mothera€™s urging, Auyona€™s classical training (Suzuki method) on the violin began at age 3. At Williams, his performing was confined to college events, occasionally solo and occasionally with friends. Harris good-naturedly said that, counter to most stories we hear, he ran off the soccer field in kindergarten yelling, a€?Dad, can I take violin lessons?a€? His entire family a€” parents, a brother and a sister a€” were all music lovers.
As he describes it: a€?I used to go to school early to play in a chamber orchestra, and then had a period of symphony orchestra each day. There was no stage fright issue getting up to play original songs with guitar at open mics in high school. In high school, Dave was introduced to new music by friends a€” Dispatch, Guster, John Mayer, Pat McGee and generally softer alt rock stuff.
It has a cinematic feel to it, and opens the door for a savvy film-maker to use as part of a soundtrack (or at least the film credits outro) in a story about taking an unexpected path and looking for a second chance for redemption.
That, and the combination of the delicacy of the melody and the deliberate hesitancy in the vocal phrasing carries with it the sensation of heartache.
An a cappella intro with high, almost wailing oh-oh background choral effect leads into a rapid tremolo on electric guitar and a matching beat on snare drum.
Especially when further reflection sets in: only out of your lips could those words pull me out of my head. For me, their version of the title track eclipses both versions originally heard by CSNY and Joni Mitchell.
I believe theya€™ll continue to thrill audiences with their vibrant melodies, meaningful lyrics and killer chops a€” both singing and playing a€” for a long, long time. Week 1 We are learning about the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah and kicking off the start of Christmas in EuropeDecember 2 Countdown to Christmas Advent Sticker TreesDecember 3-4 Hanukkah Menorah, Hanukkah pasta shapes and cookies.
18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2. Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting. The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren.
Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch! By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being.


A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary. We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr.
He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)?
At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism.
I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah. We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall!
Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets.
Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives.
Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP.
Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him. In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague. Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd.
The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes. I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank!
From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance.
The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia. Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it.
1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe.
In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels. Locked into air guitar, air fiddle, air harmony, listening to a€?Blow the House Downa€? from their full-length CD, Pilot Machines. He received a fellowship to study music in Ireland, Brazil and Turkey in the 2007-08 school year and came away from his year abroad convinced that he could pursue music as a career.
There were Suzuki violin lessons early on for one or two years, which never took hold, and a few starter lessons in guitar at 13 to 14 years old. Then after school it was solo practice, lessons and chamber music rehearsals and musicianship classes and recitals on the weekends.a€? He picked up the guitar in high school and began experimenting with songwriting. I was forced to be in a play in second grade and I had one line, which I delivered incorrectly.a€? Even at Williams, when he took the songwriting course (which had a performance element), he still dealt with stage fright any time he had to perform. Key members of the band got back together in 2009 and moved into a house just outside of Northampton. Dave Senft (performance anxiety conquered) takes most of the lead vocals and Don Mitchell steps in for key songs.
Therea€™s a depth that elicits from me an astonished a€?Oh my God a€¦ are you serious?a€? again and again. While there is cello accompaniment on this, ita€™s practically a stand-alone as an a cappella piece. Davea€™s pleading lead vocal essentially performs a duet with the violin-cello combo and the voices of the others slide in behind him while backing handclaps effectively increase the listenera€™s pulse rate. For the second year in a row they waited until the last game of the year to let Bearcat fans know their playoff fate.
While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away. As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren.
A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive! She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence. Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone. That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam!
Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony. With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda. Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first!
Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively.
After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy. Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves. No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings. But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter.
In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr. Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world. The steady, metronomic snare beat and driving electric guitar strum crank up my heart rate and provoke ecstasy.
His mandolin playing (minimal before the trip) improved exponentially with exposure to the culture and musicians a€” and their musicianship a€” in those countries.
Don credits performing with Chorus Angelicus, a touring childrena€™s choir not connected with school, as his most intense and formative early experience. Early on, he was drawn to the music in Disney movies (The little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, etc.) and the music of Elton John.
He didna€™t start getting over it until he began busking regularly in Boston and abroad, after college.
Dona€™s lead vocal is softer and therea€™s a wonderful harmony blend on the passage pull me undera€¦ The sonorous cello creates a mournful, lament-like undercurrent. Having seen the band perform a€?Whippoorwilla€? live a couple of times, Ia€™m also partial to that track from the EP. Last year, they won their last game but lost out on the playoffs when Granbury snuck in upsetting O. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art.
The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority.
Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam. These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths. If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job).
Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him. I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs.
I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever.
The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics. After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. He played in numerous orchestras and his main interest was chamber music (he started in earnest at age 10), specifically piano trios (piano, violin and cello). His father helped him learn the lyrics to a€?Under the Seaa€? (from The Little Mermaid) so hea€™d be able to sing it more effectively.
And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north!
So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought. If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables.
So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced. And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw? Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p. A long-practiced head-swiveling vigilance is the only thing that saves me from an express bus as it blows past me through the caution light at the 15th Street intersection. In high school, Auyon started to really enjoy vocal harmonies and the bands that used them. As he explains: a€?We fooled around with the idea of starting a band back in college, and then got serious about it in the fall of 2009. He took trumpet lessons in elementary and middle school, but drifted away from that (hardly having practiced to begin with, he says). Although ita€™s tempting to dissect every song, space is limited, so Ia€™ve just selected some particularly noteworthy pieces. AsA  he explains: a€?We fooled around with the idea of starting a band back in college, and then got serious about it in the fall of 2009.
Wyatt There would be no such drama this year as Aledo rode the hot hand of junior guard Dawson Gates. Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard.
When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair.
Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again! Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate.
At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking.
Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS!
The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). While in high school, he took classes in music and performed in chorus, assemblies, plays and concerts.
Other instruments a€” guitar, bass, percussion a€” were self-taught or learned from friends. Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap. Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. You can find them in the Yellow Pages under the following headings: APPLIANCES, HOUSEHOLD, MAJORAPPLIANCES, PARTS AND SUPPLIESREFRIGERATORS, DOMESTICAPPLIANCES, HOUSEHOLD, REPAIR AND SERVICECall a few of them and ask if they are a repair service, or if they sell parts, or both. For our first two years as band mates, all of us lived in a house together, and we took turns cooking meals for one another.
After beginning the season 4-0, they hit some hard times the second half of district with five of seven games on the road.
Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. He performed in symphonic orchestral performances in high school and sang in an a cappella group toward the end of high school. Aledo had lost four straight and were 1-5 in the second half of district.The Bearcats reached back and did what they needed to turn back a hot South Hills team. Week 3 France, Italy, and the North PoleDecember 16 New Toy Day and French Yule Log snackDecember 19 Bucky the Reindeer Day. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them.
Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats.
He also participated in symphonic orchestral performances in high school and did a little bit of acting in college.
It was gut check time for the Bearcats and they fulfilled the promise they showed earlier in the year in tough District 7-4A. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s.
This might explain his ease as frequent spokesperson (everyone takes turns) at Darlingside gigs. Carl Williams scored 11 and Luke Bishop was also in double figures with ten points.The Bearcats will face District 8-4A Champion (24-3) Everman Bulldogs Tuesday February 18 at Brewer High School. Everman is currently ranked # 14 in Class 4A.It will be a repeat performance for the Bearcats in the playoffs under Coach Steve Smith.


We will put all the different fruits the children bring together for a yummy Kwanzaa fruit salad.    December 2-6, 2013It is Christmas around the world. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods.
They'll tell you it's too complicated, then in the same breath, "guide" you to their service department.
This week we learned about the Jewish Hanukkah and on Friday we celebrated the European tradition of St.
Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary. If they genuinely try to help you fix it yourself and you find that you can't fix the problem, they may be a really good place to look for service. This year, Aledo is in the driver’s seat and can control their own playoff fate with just one more victory over surging South Hills. Granbury has been eliminated at 5-8 with a 47-45 loss to South Hills last night.
Think about it if they sold you this book, then they're genuinely interested in helping do-it-yourselfers!When you go into the store, have ready your make, model and serial number from the nameplate of the fridge (not from some sticker inside the fridge).
The victory for the Scorpions was their third in the last four games and has propelled them into the do-or-die final showdown with Aledo on Tuesday night. Aledo got off to another slow start against Arlington Heights. The children made their own menorahs and rubbed them with oil to make them “glow” in the windows.
The Bearcats could only manage 19 points by halftime and were down 27-19 at the end of the first half. The Bearcats have been a second half team all season and Friday’s Senior Night home finale was no different. This will be an incomplete model number, but it is better than nothing and it should be good enough to get most parts with. If all else fails, check the original papers that came with your fridge when it was new. Arlington Heights pulled away in the fourth quarter to spoil Aledo’s Senior Night with a 52-43 victory. The game was delayed one day due to bad weather Friday night.
They should contain the model number SOMEWHERE. If you have absolutely NO information about the fridge anywhere, make sure you bring your old part to the parts store with you.
It was the final home game for Aledo seniors Josh Bell, Sean Church, Chandler Dean, Matt Dunn, Alex Stockdale, and Carl Williams. Leading Bearcats vs. We sang the My Dreidel song at Music Time and pretended to spin around like tops.  A dreidel is a Jewish top that you spin and play a game with. Southwest (8-5) and Arlington Heights (8-5) are currently tied for second place in the district. At lunch the children ate pasta noodles shaped like little dreidels and stars and Hanukkah cookies too. It is so much fun to learn about the different traditions through singing songs, eating new foods, learning new words, and doing hands on activities.  If you have a family tradition or a special food you would like to share with the children let us know. The two teams could still tie.For Aledo (6-7), it all comes down to the final game against South Hills (6-7). Unfortunately for the Bearcats, these are two teams going in opposite  directions in the second half of district play.
Since Aledo beat South Hills at home 56-44 on January 17, the Bearcats are 1-5 while South Hills is 4-2. The Bearcats will be playing their fifth road game out of seven in the second half of district. We opened the door to see who it could be.  The children shuffled out the door looking around. With Williams in the lineup for that game, we would most likely be talking about the Bearcats already clinching a playoff spot. It is what it is and what it is isn’t that bad at all.
It is a long, stiff-bristled brush especially made for knocking out massive wads of dust from your condenser grille. If you recall last year, the Bearcats had to win their final game on Senior Night to have a chance at the playoffs.
I have seen jury-rigged bottle brushes and vacuums used, neither of which clean sufficiently. Nick Losos will miss the remainder of the season with a knee injury. The Bearcats are already going through a rough stretch on the schedule playing their third straight road game and four of the last five away from home. On top of the schedule, they had to play undefeated district leader Trimble Tech. This will be the last trip for Aledo to the historic Billingsley Field House in Fort Worth as a member of District 7-4A.
Nick only comes when good little children are fast asleep so before nap we placed all the little shoes in a row to wait for St.
Unfortunately, the Bearcats did not leave on a winning note as the Bulldogs defeated Aledo 64-54. The Bearcats stayed with the quick and athletic Bulldogs in a fast paced first quarter. It's true that diagnosing and repairing electrical circuits requires a bit more care than most operations, due to the danger of getting shocked. Remember the rule in section 3-4 (1); while you are working on a circuit, energize the circuit only long enough to perform whatever test you're performing, then take the power back off it to perform the repair. Carl Williams tipped in the Dunn miss. Moments later, Matt Bishop snaked through the lane and scored on a nice drive through the lane.
The origin of many of our favorite Christmas traditions like decorating Christmas trees and making ginger bread cookies began in Germany.  The children were busy this week making ornaments to take home to put on their trees.
You will only need to be able to set the VOM onto the right scale, touch the test leads to the right place and read the meter. In using the VOM (Volt-Ohm Meter) for our purposes, the two test leads are always plugged into the "+" and "-" holes on the VOM.
They learned how to make a pattern as they counted and strung red beads and a strip of green foam onto a pipe cleaner.
We have been reading the classic story of the Gingerbread Man and the Gingerbread Baby at Story Time.  The children used glue and glitter to decorate a very big Gingerbread Man ornament that they just love to run with and sing, “Run, run as fast as you can. For example, if there's a 50 setting and a 250 setting on the VAC dial, use the 250 scale, because 250 is the lowest setting over 120 volts. Touch the two test leads to the two metal contacts of a live power source, like a wall outlet or the terminals of the motor that you're testing for voltage. You can’t catch me I’m the Gingerbread man!” In Germany there is a legend about the Christmas Pickle.
The Bulldogs scored five more consecutive points giving then an 18-0 run to end the second quarter. The Bearcats have a few games where there have been some offensive lapses, but nothing compared to Wednesday night at Billingsley Field House.
The legend goes that whoever finds the Christmas Pickle ornament on the tree first gets to open the first present and gets good luck for the next year.
We hid our shiny pickle ornament in the tree through out the day and the children searched high and low for it till they spotted it hiding among the branches.
It is such a fun tradition and we are happy to send home pickle ornaments with the children so you can share this fun tradition with your family.
It's derived from the word "continuous." In an electrical circuit, electricity has to flow from a power source back to that power source.
On Monday the children made their wish lists and sat down at our special Santa Mail writing center to write a letter to Santa. Spencer Franklin is a space eater in the lane and an intimidating presence as a shot blocker in the middle.One word this Bearcat team just does not have in their vocabulary is “quit”. They carefully wrote, traced, or colored their Santa letters with what they wanted for Christmas and we will mail them out at Macy’s Santa Mailbox. Aledo fought back in the second half and solved the relentless full court pressure by the Bulldogs. Braxton McCoy hit three long range bombs in the third quarter and Matt Dunn added another as Aledo won the third quarter 16-14. For each letter Macy’s receives in their Santa Mailbox they will donate $1 to the Make-A-Wish Foundation that helps make ill children’s wishes come true.
In the fourth, Carl Williams came alive with ten points and Dakota Fisher played excellent basketball on both ends of the court.
It should peg the meter all the way on the right side of the scale, towards "0" on the meter's "resistance" scale.
In the jumbled District 7-4A playoff race, all that has really happened is Aledo dropped from second to fourth in the district. It is a dubious position to be in because two games remain on the schedule and five teams have a shot of getting the last three playoff spots.
If the meter does not read zero resistance, adjust the thumbwheel on the front of the VOM until it does read zero. Trimble Tech has clinched first place. Aledo (6-6) has another huge game at home Friday night against Arlington Heights (7-5).
If the heater's leads are still connected to something, you may get a reading through that something. If there is still live power on the item you're testing for continuity, you will burn out your VOM in microseconds and possibly shock yourself. Touch the two test leads to the two bare wire ends or terminals of the heater. The children had so much fun taking a long strip of dough with cinnamon sugar  and rolling it up into a bun. You can touch the ends of the wires and test leads with your hands if necessary to get better contact.
We baked the cinnamon buns and ate them for snack with hot chocolate and mini marshmallows. Then Everyone gathered around in their pajamas for Story Time to hear the reading of ‘Twas the Night Before Christmas.  It was a pajama dance party too and all the children danced to Jingle Bells and Frosty the Snowman. If there is GOOD continuity, the meter will move toward the right side of the scaleand steady on a reading. Thanks to Gideon’s Mom for the fruit tray  and Ralphie’s Mom for the poinsettia and Jell-O Jigglers. Many of the children even carried their gifts in all by themselves and placed them under the tree. If the meter moves only very little and stays towards the left side of the scale, that's BAD continuity; the heater is no good. Emotions stayed in check but some Granbury fans acted like they just don’t get out that often. They had so much fun unwrapping all the gifts and still more fun spending the day playing with their new toys. In a glass-tube or bare-element heater, you may be able to see the physical break in the heater element, just like you can in some light bulbs. If you are testing a switch or a thermostat, you will show little or no resistance (good continuity) when the switch or thermostat is closed, and NO continuity when the switch is open. It was at times a rough and ugly game held in check somewhat by the officials. Aledo was fighting from behind the entire game but kept clawing back to almost win the game.
If you do not, the switch is bad.3-3(c) AMMETERSAmmeters are a little bit more complex to explain without going into a lot of electrical theory.
If you own an ammeter, you probably already know how to use it. If you don't, don't get one.
After Bishop’s basket, Granbury scored six of the next eight points with a Nick Losos basket sandwiched in between.
Granbury led 13-8 and increased the lead to 15-9 at the end of the first quarter. Aledo started a comeback beginning in the second quarter. The children put on their reindeer antlers and they were ready to play some reindeer games. The Bearcats went to work on the offensive end with two free throws by Stockdale. Granbury scored on a nice finger roll after the two Stockdale free throws. They watched Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer and made a Reindeer with their handprints at Art. The greater the current that's flowing through a wire, the greater the magnetic field it produces around the wire. Then they mixed and mixed up a batch of Magic Reindeer Food using oats, sprinkles, and spices to feed Santa’s reindeer on Christmas Eve. The ammeter simply measures this magnetic field, and thus the amount of current, flowing through the wire.
Nick Losos scored a basket and Carl Williams got his first basket of the game with 4:29 left to play in the first. Today we learned about the Story of The First Christmas and how Christmas is Celebrated in Mexico with Los Posadas.  In Mexico they celebrate Christmas with parades.
To determine continuity, for our purposes, we can simply isolate the component that we're testing (so we do not accidentally measure the current going through any other components) and see if there's any current flow. To use your ammeter, first make sure that it's on an appropriate scale (0 to 10 or 20 amps will do). Braxton McCoy missed the front end of a one-and- one, but Alex Stockdale got an offensive rebound and scored pulling Aledo within one 21-20. Luke Bishop sank two free throws to give Aledo its first lead of the game 21-20. The children  used a soft tortilla and topped it with their favorite toppings of refried beans, cheese, and rice.  Trinity’s family shared one of their Los Posadas traditions by bringing in a special Posada dessert called bunuelos.
Turn the "energy saver" switch to the "economy" position to shut off the anti-sweat mullion heaters (See section 4-1.) Close the refrigerator door to make sure the lights are off.
Asher’s Mom brought her special Mexican hot chocolate and sweet breads for snack which the children loved to eat. We finished the day off by making a Nativity art project with hay.  Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays. There may still be a tiny mullion heater energized in the butter conditioner or on the defrost drain pan, but the current that these heaters draw is negligible for our purposes (less than an amp). Granbury was already in the one-and-one and hit both ends to go up 43-36. Aledo went on a 7-0 run to tie the game at 43-43.
If you don't, the defrost heater or terminating thermostat is probably defective.3-4 BASIC REPAIR AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS1) Always de-energize (pull the plug or trip the breaker on) any refrigerator that you're disassembling.
Braxton McCoy followed with a tremendous drive down the lane scooping in a left handed layup. If you need to re-energize the refrigerator to perform a test, make sure any bare wires or terminals are taped or insulated.
Energize the unit only long enough to perform whatever test you're performing, then disconnect the power again. 2) NEVER EVER chip or dig out ice from around the evaporator with a sharp instrument or knife. You WILL PROBABLY puncture the evaporator and you WILL PROBABLY end up buying a new refrigerator. The good crowd helped the atmosphere for the Bearcats. Granbury scored again to go up by two points. If you use a blow dryer, take care not to get water in it and shock yourself.Better yet, if you have the time and patience, leave the fridge open for a few hours and let the ice melt naturally.
You can remove large, loose chunks of ice in the evaporator compartment by hand, but make sure there aren't any electrical wires frozen into the chunks of ice before you start pulling them. 3) Always re-install any removed duck seal, heat shields, styrofoam insulation, or panels that you remove to access anything. They're there for a reason. 4) You may need to empty your fridge or freezer for an operation. If you do not have another fridge (or a friend with one) to keep your food in, you can generally get by with an ice chest or a cardboard box insulated with towels for a short time.
Never re-freeze meats; if they've already thawed, cook them and use them later. 5) If this manual advocates replacing a part, REPLACE IT!! The bad news is there are a lot of teams now who can strip Aledo of a playoff spot. Whoever designed the schedule for the second half of district was a mean person.
The Bearcats have to play five road games in the second half and will play their third road game in a row Wednesday night t Billingsley Field House. Aledo has lost five District 7-4A games by a total of 19 points. There is a reason that it stopped you can bet on it and if you get it going and re-install it, you are running a very high risk that it will stop again.
Aledo lost that game by six points without the services of their top scorer and rebounder Carl Williams. The Bearcats have a tough schedule the rest of the way. Replace the part. 6) Refrigerator defrost problems may take a week or more to reappear if you don't fix the problem the first time. That's how long it will take the evaporator to build up enough frost to block the airflow again.
They return home on Friday to play Arlington Heights who defeated Aledo 57-53 in the first half. The final game is against South Hills who have shown some improvement in the second half of the season.
After fixing a defrost problem, keep an eye out for signs of a recurrence for at least a week.
The sooner you catch it, the less ice you'll have to melt. 7) You may stop the compressor from running using the defrost timer or cold control, by cutting off the power to the fridge, or simply by pulling the plug out of the wall.
Aledo defeated South Hills 56-44 in the first meeting at home. Here are the remaining games for teams either 6-5 or 5-6 in district. However, if you try to restart it within a few minutes, it may not start; you may hear buzzing and clicking noises.
If the system has not had enough time for the pressure within to equalize, there will be too much back pressure in the system for the compressor motor to overcome when trying to start. Simply remove the power from the compressor for a few more minutes until the compressor will restart. 8) Do not lubricate any of the timers or motors mentioned in this manual. In a cold environment, oil will become more viscous and increasefriction, rather than decrease it.
They play at Granbury on Friday and stay on the road for a Tuesday night showdown with district leading Trimble Tech (10-0) Tuesday at Billingsley Field House. District 7-4A is like a soap opera. All the teams are so evenly matched the games are close making predictions almost impossible. The loss puts Granbury at 4-6 in district.The game Friday at Granbury is the biggest game of the season for Aledo’s playoff hopes. It would clinch a playoff spot for Aledo if the Bearcats are tied with Granbury at the end of the season. Arlington Heights is at 5-4 in district. It was the largest margin of victory so far in district play and the best defensive performance limiting the Cougars to 28 points. Three Bearcats were in double figures scoring led by senior Matthew Dunn with 15 points. Point guard Luke Bishop had his best game since coming back from football with 10 points. There are no easy wins in District 7-4A. Even though the Cougars are dragging the bottom of the district, they have played some teams tough this season. If they genuinely try to help you fix it yourself and you find that you can't fix the problem, they may be a really good place to look for service. Western Hills only lost to Granbury by three and played much better in the first game against Aledo when the Bearcats won 54-50. Friday night, the Bearcats made sure there would be no late game drama outscoring the Cougars 28-15 in the first half. Think about it if they sold you this book, then they're genuinely interested in helping do-it-yourselfers!When you go into the store, have ready your make, model and serial number from the nameplate of the fridge (not from some sticker inside the fridge). Al the other teams in district have at least an outside chance at the playoffs. Aledo is currently in second place and control their own destiny at 6-3. The Bearcats are 1-2 on the road this season in district play. This is a huge week for the Bearcats playing two teams on the road who are still in the thick of the playoff hunt.
Aledo would own the tie-breaker over both Southwest and Granbury with two game sweeps of both teams. Arlington Heights was in the state tournament last year and are playing strong again with a 5-4 record and tied with Southwest for third place in district. Last year Arlington Heights, third place in district, made it to the state tournament. Despite losing three senior starters, Aledo had reason for optimism entering the 2014 season. All-District players Travis Gough, Alex Riner, and Kyle Gromann all graduated off a team that tied for a playoff spot but then lost out when Granbury upset second place O.D. Taylor Johnson also led the team in rebounds, steals, and assists. Coach Smith still had some solid players returning from varsity but replacing Johnson left an unexpected big hole to fill. A high school team does not usually lose their star player before his senior year. Coach Smith already knew he would be without the services of point guard Luke Bishop until football was over.
Little did he know Bishop would quarterback the Bearcat football team all the way to the Class 4A State Championship. The Bearcat basketball team also had another setback when senior Alex Stockdale decided to play football during his senior year. It was a heartwarming story about a player who never played football in his life deciding to suit up during his senior year. With Travis Gough and Matthew Ogden gone to graduation, Aledo was already a little “short” in the post position. Stockdale is a physical player who has no problem guarding taller opponents using his strength and creating position on taller players with his wide body. Bishop and Stockdale missed the first 13 games of the season including the first two district games. It takes players a few games to transfer from a football mentality to a basketball regiment. Despite all the adversity, the Bearcats finished the first half of District 7-4A in second place with a 5-2 record. It was an amazing accomplishment considering all the obstacles. The key player for Aledo during their renaissance this season has been high flying senior Carl Williams.
He leads the team averaging 15 points per game while shooting 64% from the floor and leading the team with a 78.9 free throw percentage. It's true that diagnosing and repairing electrical circuits requires a bit more care than most operations, due to the danger of getting shocked. Aledo had to play the first game of the second half of district without their star player. The Bearcats easily defeated the Chaparrals in the first half of district 73-63 with Williams pouring in 31 points. Every game counts in the tough district race. Coach Smith has found a way to make lemonade out of lemons his entire tenure as the Bearcat head basketball coach.
Alex Stockdale is getting his basketball legs back and has averaged 4.7 rebounds per game in six district contests. Luke Bishop leads the team with four assists per game in district play. Catch the Bearcats at home this Friday at Bearcat Gym against Western Hills.
Worth, TX—The Aledo Bearcats went on the road and lost their second close district game in a row 57-53 against the Arlington Heights Yellow Jackets. The loss comes on the heels of a heart breaking loss to Trimble Tech 48-46. Aledo started out the season 4-0 and still is in great position for a playoff spot in District 7-4A especially if they can get back to their winning ways against South Hills at home on Friday night.
A win would put the Bearcats in a commanding position for the playoffs with a 5-2 record during the first half of district play. Aledo took a 23-33 lead into halftime before being outscored 19-13 in the third quarter. If the heater's leads are still connected to something, you may get a reading through that something. Aledo’s first basket came on a three-pointer by Matthew Dunn with 4:30 left to play in the first quarter.
He made one of two free throws sending Alex Stockdale to the bench with his third foul. Nick Losos came in and crated some excitement for the crowd with a blocked shot and steal. To make matters worse, a horrible charging call on Carl Williams with 5:36 to play waived off a basket for Aledo. The greater the current that's flowing through a wire, the greater the magnetic field it produces around the wire.
The Bearcats came up with the ball after a mad scramble and a tie ball with the possession going to the Bearcats. Besides being down by two points, the other problem for the Bearcats was the clock.
The clock only resets to seconds, not tenths of seconds. In the pandemonium over the clock, fans and some players from Trimble Tech drifted over and would not leave the Aledo bench area. Aledo scored seconds later putting the Bearcats up by three.Bearcats Complete Improbable Fourth Quarter Comeback to Defeat Granbury 41-37Behind by six with under three minutes to play, Aledo goes on 9-0 runBig game vs. Nick Losos kept Aledo in the game with six first quarter points off the bench. Alex Stockdale did the heavy lifting in the third quarter with five points as Aledo’s defense shut down the Pirates allowing only six points. The basket and free throw not only cut Granbury’s lead to one, the foul was on Granbury’s big man Mitchell may sending him to the bench after fouling out.Aledo made a defensive stop and Coach Smith was able to call a time out retaining possession for Aledo before the referee called a jump ball.
Matt Dunn put the game on ice hitting one more free throw to give Aledo a 41-37 win.It was a huge win for Aledo to keep them undefeated this season at 4-0.
The Bearcats play undefeated Trimble Tech at home Friday night for sole possession of first place in District 7-4A. Arlington Heights is also a factor in district play at (3-1) and still have Aledo and Trimble Tech in the first half schedule. Aledo still has Heights, Trimble Tech, and South hills in the first half of District 7-4A. That's how long it will take the evaporator to build up enough frost to block the airflow again.
Trimble Tech Cedar Park- Game 1 Bishop Amat- Game 2 Monterey Tech- Game 3 Joshua- Game 4 Burleson Centennial- Game 5 Everman- Game 6 Crowley- Game 7 Burleson- Game 8 Granbury- Game 9 Cleburne- Game 10 Byron Nelson Scrimmage Tanner Heppel # 3 Sr. Boswell Playoff Game # 3- Canyon Playoff Game # 4- Wichita Falls Playoff Game # 5 Ennis Playoff Game # 6- Brenham Denton Guyer Scrimmage 2013 Game 1-Highland Park Game 2- Stephenville Game 3- Prepa Tech Game 4- Arlington Heights Game 5- South Hills Game 6- O.D. Wyatt Game 7- Western Hills Game 8- Southwest Game 9- Granbury Game 10- Trimble Tech Brock Parker # 1 Sr.




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