Popular woodworking tim yoder,wood deck beam design,shadow box coffee table ideas xbox,wooden octagon poker table plans 101 - Videos Download

13.02.2016
I caught up yesterday with Tim Manney, a designer and producer of chairmaking tools in Portland, Maine. Adze and tapered reamer, two chairmaking tools you should have in your kit for traditional Windsors. Tim: I make a reamer that is used to make the tapered leg to seat joint of a Windsor chair, and an adze designed to hollow out chair seats. Tim: My aesthetic inspirations come primarily from Swedish-style carved wooden spoons, a la Wille Sundqvist. Christopher Schwarz has helped many of us solve some pretty frustrating problems over the years. Nonetheless, their hearts were always in the right place and sometime in the early 1970s, they both set forth to cobble together a toy chest for my siblings.
While visiting my mom, she asked me if I could reconfigure the toy chest with a new lid and safer hardware. Collectively, members of the Popular Woodworking Magazine staff past and present have spent a lot of time at Old Salem and the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA) – I’d say it adds up to at least two months.
One of the perqs of being on the staff of a woodworking magazine (or obtaining access through special group tours or well-placed calls) is getting to see behind-the-scenes stuff – such as the collection of Moravian benches that are tucked away in a non-public space at Old Salem.
Looking at the preview, I’m almost certain the bulk of it is Southern yellow pine, possibly with some white pine mixed in (he says inexpensive and readily available materials, and in NC, those would be both). American Woodworker magazine was acquired by F+W Media (parent company of Popular Woodworking) in 2014. This chest, when finished, will be painted on the exterior (likely a slate blue – which will surprise exactly no one who knows me), so the dovetail joinery won’t show. I used a pencil to mark the tails, because I find it’s a waste of time to bother knifing in whichever part of the joint you choose to cut first.
I watched the videos this morning as I was just about to mark out a set of dovetails for a project. Nope – you cut the first part of the joint (the tails, in my video), and mark the mate off your actual cuts.
When using the dovetail gauge to mark a line, first put the pencil in the hole, then move the gauge to the pencil.
It also demonstrates the tiny bit of improved accuracy you get with divider instead of pencil.
We thought we understood plywood until we put 11 different samples through a variety of tests. The first question to answer is this: Are you looking for something that looks like it belongs in a piece of fine furniture, or is utility your main concern? The grade should be stamped on the side of the sheet but it is often missing in imported plywoods. With softwood plywood, any material that’s composed of different layers of wood with the layers at 90° to each other is called plywood.
Particleboard core or MDF (medium density fiberboard) core are the other common types of plywood cores in use. Wherever plywood is made, the trees used for core material are fast-growing and have little or no value as solid wood or as face veneer. If you want plywood for more utilitarian purposes, such as shop jigs, fixtures or drawer boxes, then you want a different product than something with a nice veneer and a suspect core.
We went shopping for plywood in our area, and picked 10 samples from three sources – Lowe’s, Home Depot and our local hardwood supplier, Paxton Lumber. The most inconsistent piece we tested was one of the most expensive – plain-sliced maple veneer on a poplar core from our hardwood supplier.
When plywood is made, the alternating layers of core veneers are glued together with heat and pressure. We deliberately placed the screws close to the edge, and we don’t recommend driving screws without drilling a pilot hole. Fasteners driven in the edges of plywood can cause an inferior core to split, often delaminating adjacent layers. In the seven-ply samples, the splits were much longer, and in the worst cases were several inches long.
Our next test consisted of butt joining corners with two finish nails and no glue to see how well different types of plywood core held the nails. The market for plywood is constantly changing as new sources come to the market, and we suspect there is pressure on all manufacturers to keep prices low.
Lastly, don’t be afraid to ask your supplier what they mean by the terms and grades they use.
Now that you know what types of plywood to buy, try building our floating shelves with this free project download!
I usually need a pair of sawhorses when I'm working outside the shop, but sometimes I also need a bench.


A number of readers have asked for more information about the bench, and I'll be publishing complete plans in a future issue of American Woodworker. Making the reamer is a highly precise process, because each one has to be an exact six-degree taper. Over the years, the chest held action figures, dolls, baseball cards and most likely someone’s illegal stash. And of course, if you were at Woodworking in America 2014, you likely spent time there, too. Mount three butt hinges to the underside of the plywood table, with the barrels centered on the edge. That will eliminate the tiny registration error that happens when you align the marking gauge to the hole by eye. Enter your email address in the box below for a free digital guide to wood types – including hardwood, softwood and plywood. You’ll also receive e-newsletters from Popular Woodworking and select partners, crammed with great information. Plywood that looks nice, in a species such as cherry, oak or walnut, is graded and priced mainly on the quality and thickness of the face veneer. The fir core at left chipped severely while the hardwood core at right had a smooth surface. With hardwood plywood, any material can be between the face and back veneers and still be called plywood. In professional cabinetmaking, they are the preferred materials for quality work because they’re flat and of a consistent thickness.
Depending on the quality consciousness of the manufacturer, these cores can vary tremendously.
Baltic, Russian and other European birch plywood faces are graded by the letters B (best), BB, CP and C (worst) for both the face and the back.
We also included a piece of red oak plywood with a Luan core that had been stored in my garage for 10 years. In the samples with hardwood cores – poplar, birch and the imported wood – the rabbets were smooth.
The results indicate the quality of the core material itself and the quality of the glue bond between the core layers.
Several samples not only split the layer containing the screw, but pushed apart the glue joint between layers.
The joints were then knocked apart to see if the nails pulled away with the face pieces, or remained in the end of the core being nailed. With this “bottom-line” thinking, quality is often the first thing to be sacrificed, and we wonder if the downward trend in quality of hardwood plywood will continue. Despite its reputation for flatness, plywood sheets will usually have some degree of bow, but this should be minimal.
The opening photo in this story showed my stacking bench, but I didn't give any plans for it. And there’s a twist to this series – each interviewee will tell me who I should talk to next.
Ninety percent of my time making reamers is spent at the lathe and I use a duplicator for repeatability. These days Dan is a former online editor for Popular Woodworking, and is learning new skills every day. While growing up, I recall most things either went unfixed or someone else was called to remedy the situation. So I elected to lay out big tails and fairly big pins rather than fuss around with delicate and refined. Hardwood plywood is considered to be an appearance product, as opposed to softwood plywood, which is considered a structural material. On the inside, you still want it to look good, but small areas of burl, mineral streaks or sap wood won’t be the distractions they would be on a surface that is always exposed. The oak and birch plywood the big home-improvement stores had in stock (about $40) at the time of writing this was graded C3. The core material is specified separately from the face, so you can have maple plywood with a veneer core (which is similar to construction-type plywood) or with a particle- board or medium-density fiberboard core.
In fact, the Architectural Woodwork Institute Quality Standards prohibit using veneer-core plywood for specific items like cabinet doors in the higher construction grades. The biggest problem is variation in thickness, but uneven or incorrect moisture content can also cause sheets that are warped, bowed or twisted.
If the veneer is thin, and the core uneven, this unevenness will telegraph through and appear in the face veneer.
From Luan to Chen-Chen, the names given are trade names for groups of species, which may or may not have similar properties. Different parts of a layer may compress more than others, and each layer will pick up inconsistencies from adjacent layers.


The easiest way to do this is to cut the groove to a smaller dimension and then mill a shallow rabbet on the board’s mate to match the width of the groove. None of the samples split, and the differences seem to be in the grain structure of the core. Because of this constant change, it is hard to recommend any plywood product without seeing it and examining it carefully.
Spoon carving is a great way to develop a sense of the subtlety of shape, learn how to cut wood cleanly in three dimensions – and it’s fun. So we collaborated and designed this tool to cut the way that we wanted an adze to cut, and be fairly intuitive for new users to learn how to use.
For hardwood plywood, the grading system for the face veneer is designated by letters: A is the best and D is the worst. As we look at how plywood is made, and the material it’s made from, we begin to understand why. Poorly manufactured plywood also has a tendency to split or delaminate, especially when nails or screws are driven into the edges.
This sounds sensible, but buying a bit to match every thickness of plywood you might come across will only gain you a collection of bits that almost work. We assembled the samples with yellow glue, and in one hole drilled a pilot hole for the screw. If the sheet is badly warped or twisted, there is likely a problem in the core layers and conditions won’t improve as the sheet is cut up. Other than the lathe, my band saw and drill press help out, but otherwise, I work with planes, knives, chisels and scrapers. In cabinetmaking, you refer to veneer core if you want material manufactured similar to construction plywood.
Twenty-five years ago, if you bought a piece of birch plywood, or any other hardwood plywood for that matter, the core would be birch. MDF and particleboard cores, in spite of being weaker structurally, are flatter and more consistent. Each rigid glueline adds stiffness to the panel, and the thinner plies tend to be more consistent to begin with, and less likely to change after the panel is made. Some plywood from South America and Asia is graded on a similar system, but much of this material is not graded.
If one imported name gets a bad reputation, the same product may be sold under a new name, and people will try it, hoping that it will be better. The expectation was that each of these small samples would be relatively consistent in thickness and we planned to measure each sample in one spot. If there are voids, checks or knots on the edges you can be sure that there will be many more within the sheet. A1 or A2, with plain-sliced veneer, is usually the best grade available for work that will receive a clear finish. Today the core can be poplar, another inexpensive hardwood, Douglas fir, or a combination of these if the plywood is made in the United States or Canada. If you can work around the structural issues, and overcome your prejudice, you can achieve much better finishes, and easier joinery if you use MDF or particleboard cores. Sometimes material from one continent will be sold using the name of a successful product from another. The reasoning is that an undersized thinner panel will still fit in a groove cut at the nominal size, but an oversized panel would not.
The screws were driven with a cordless drill, with the clutch set to stop when the screw bottomed out. Grades B and lower for faces, and 3 and lower for backs, are generally considered only suitable for paint-grade work.
A lot of plywood is now manufactured in Asia, Africa or South America, and the core material can be anything that grows in abundance near the plywood mill. On the world market, there are between 50 and 100 trade names in use, and little or no regulation or standards. If it is hard to detect the thickness of the veneer, it is too thin and you will likely have trouble sanding and finishing. The thinnest veneers are very easy to sand through and often will telegraph any unevenness of the core layers to the finished surface. You can probably get away with using rotary-cut veneer for something such as the interior of a cabinet, but it won’t look right on an exposed surface next to solid wood.



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